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Results 401 - 450 of 1000
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Ou Dawei - - 2005
To better understand the cytokine death-signal transduction pathways in human beta cells, we investigated the inhibitory effects of Bcl-2 (protooncogene bcl-2) and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) on TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand)-induced human beta-cell destruction. A panel of Bcl-2-overexpressing transfectants of the human beta-cell lines NES2Y and CM was developed ...
Lee M L - - 2005
PURPOSE: One of the features of thyroid carcinoma is its predilection for women of reproductive age relative to men. An increased risk has also been documented in women who have used estrogens for gynecologic reasons. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism by which sex hormones contribute ...
Wang L - - 2005
Post-translational modification of Bcl-2 protein has been described in a variety of cell models with effects varying from enhanced to abrogated function. In this study, we demonstrated that Bcl-2 was constitutively phosphorylated in several hematopoietic tumor cell lines and in primary ALL cells. Increased phosphorylation of Bcl-2 protein in the ...
Ye Chun-Lin - - 2005
2',4'-Dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone (DMC), isolated from the buds of Cleistocalyx operculatus, was investigated in its cytotoxicity and anti-proliferation on K562 cell line. Our results revealed that the IC50 was equal to 14.2+/-0.45 microM and the EC50 was 3.3+/-0.14 microM. Staining with Hoechst 33258 showed fragmentation and condensation of chromatin in the cells ...
Trougakos Ioannis P - - 2005
The secreted clusterin/apolipoprotein J (CLU) protein form is a ubiquitously expressed heterodimeric glycoprotein which is differentially regulated in many severe physiological disturbance states including cell death, ageing, cancer progression, and various neurological diseases. Despite extensive efforts CLU function remains an enigma, the main cause being the intriguingly distinct and usually ...
Hammerman Peter S - - 2005
The Akt kinases promote hematopoietic cell growth and accumulation through phosphorylation of apoptotic effectors and stimulation of mTOR-dependent translation. In Akt-transformed leukemic cells, tumor growth can be inhibited by the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin, and clinical trials of rapamycin analogs for the treatment of leukemia are under way. Surprisingly, nontransformed hematopoietic ...
Ushmorov Alexey - - 2005
c-myc and N-myc belong to the myc family of proteins that plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The N-myc gene is amplified in aggressive neuroblastoma and c-myc is overexpressed in many lymphomas and cancers. However, c-myc has not been implied in tumorigenesis or progression of neuroblastoma. ...
Luparello Claudio - - 2005
Type V collagen is a "minor" component of normal human breast stroma, which is subjected to over-deposition in cases of ductal infiltrating carcinoma (DIC). We reported that, if used as a culture substrate for the DIC cell line 8701-BC, it exhibited poorly-adhesive properties and restrained the proliferative and motile behavior ...
Sun Jie - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of adenovirus-mediated transfer of antisense c-myc construct on human lens epithelial B-3 (HLE B-3) cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle. METHODS: HLE B-3 cell cultures were transduced with replication-defective adenovirus bearing either a nuclear-targeted beta-galactosidase (Ad-lacZ) or an antisense c-myc construct (Ad-AS-myc). The presence of ...
Huang Dong-Sheng - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the effects of NS-398, a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, on the proliferation and apoptosis of HepG2 cells. METHODS: The effects of NS-398 on the proliferation of HepG2 cells were evaluated by MTT. DNA fragmentation gel analysis was used to analyze the apoptotic cells. DNA ploidy and apoptotic cell ...
Yin Dong - - 2005
The proteasome plays a pivotal role in controlling cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation in a variety of normal and tumor cells. PS-341, a novel boronic acid dipeptide that inhibits 26S proteasome activity, has prominent effects in vitro and in vivo against several solid tumors. We examined its antiproliferation, proapoptotic effects ...
Bektas Meryem - - 2005
While most of the pharmacological therapies for melanoma utilize the apoptotic machinery of the cells, the available therapeutic options are limited due to the ability of melanoma cells to resist programmed cell death. Human melanoma cell lines A-375 and M186 are sensitive to ceramide- and Fas-induced cell death, while Mel-2a ...
Ran Liwei - - 2005
To investigate the effects of ATRA, acitretin and tazarotene on the growth and apoptosis of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line Tca8113. The effect of retinoids on growth of Tca8113 cells in vitro was examined by MTT assay and Trypan blue exclusion assay. Cell cycle analysis, early apoptosis analysis ...
Koubi David - - 2005
Apoptotic cell death has been observed in many in vivo and in vitro models of ischemia. However, the molecular pathways involved in ischemia-induced apoptosis remain unclear. We have examined the role of Bcl-2 family of proteins in mediating apoptosis of PC12 cells exposed to the conditions of oxygen and glucose ...
Ho Han K - - 2005
S-(1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoroethyl)-L-cysteine (TFEC), a major metabolite of the industrial gas tetrafluoroethylene, has been shown to mediate nephrotoxicity by necrosis. TFEC-induced cell death is associated with an early covalent modification of specific intramitochondrial proteins; including aconitase, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDH) subunits, HSP60 and HSP70. Previous studies have indicated that the TAMH line accurately ...
Parris George E - - 2005
The hypothesis described here is a logical extension of two areas of observation: First, it has been discovered that viruses (and perhaps other intracellular parasites) catalyze cell fusion as a means of cell-to-cell transmission. Effective cell-to-cell transmission appears to require: (i) induced expression of adhesion molecules on the cell surface; ...
Song J M - - 2005
Recent data have implicated nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and Bcl-2 in the regulation of apoptotic and necrotic cell death in various cells. However, mechanisms of their effects on cell death of renal epithelial cells are not clear. First, we investigated the effect of specific inhibition of NF-kappaB and overexpression of Bcl-2 ...
Anderson K M KM The Hektoen Institute, and Cook County Hospital, 2100 W Harrison, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2005
The five-lipoxygenase inhibitor, MK 886, in micromolar concentration induces a "type 1" form of programmed cell death in U937 human monoblastoid cells and a "type 2" form in Panc-1 pancreatic and PC3 prostate cell lines. The latter two lines originate from epithelial-derived solid human cancers. An acute rise in Ca(2+) ...
Liu Jing - - 2004
As a natural anti-cancer alkaloid extracted from Amaryllidaceae, lycorine shows various biological effects on tumor cells. The survival rate of HL-60 cells exposed to lycorine was decreased in a dose-dependent manner with 1 microM as the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50), cell growth was slowed down by arresting cell cycle at ...
Kowaltowski Alicia J - - 2004
Bcl-2 family proteins protect against a variety of forms of cell death, including acute oxidative stress. Previous studies have shown that overexpression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 increases cellular redox capacity. Here we report that cell lines transfected with Bcl-2 paradoxically exhibit increased rates of mitochondrial H(2)O(2) generation. Using isolated ...
Liu Wei-Guo - - 2004
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are currently considered very hopeful candidates for cell replacement therapy in neurodegenerative pathologies such as Parkinson's disease (PD), but like embryonic neural tissue transplantation, levodopa medication may still be required to improve symptoms even after cell transplantation. The issues of whether levodopa induces cytotoxicity and apoptosis ...
Tsai Hui-Fang - - 2004
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar degeneration characterized by a wide range of clinical manifestations. An unstable CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion in MJD gene on long arm of chromosome 14 has been identified as the pathologic mutation of MJD and apoptosis was previously shown to be responsible for ...
Oliver Christopher L - - 2004
PURPOSE: Bcl-xL overexpression is common in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and correlates with resistance to chemotherapy. Thus, a nonpeptidic, cell-permeable small molecule that mimics the BH3 domain of proapoptotic proteins may inhibit Bcl-xL function and have therapeutic potential for HNSCC by overcoming drug-resistance. (-)-Gossypol, the levorotatory isomer ...
Chae Han-Jung - - 2004
Ge-Jee-Bok-Ryung-Hwan (GJBRH), a commonly used herb formulation in Korea, Japan and China, caused a decrease of viability in HeLa human cervical carcinoma cells. The treatment of GJBRH resulted in genomic DNA fragmentation as well as the increase of Sub-G1 portion in cell cycle analysis. In this study, GFP-Bax over-expression system ...
Symonds Daniel A - - 2005
While the pesticide methoxychlor (MXC) has a variety of adverse effects on the female reproductive system, the effects of MXC on the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) are unknown. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that MXC alters the growth of the OSE. Mouse OSE cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion ...
Gao Jingchun - - 2004
We determined the effects of several non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA), indomethacin and a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-selective inhibitor (NS398), on cellular proliferation and regulation of COX-2 protein expression in endometrial cancer cells in vitro, and investigated their modes of action. All three NSAIDs markedly inhibited the proliferation of ...
Zhou Ning-ning - - 2004
AIM: To investigate 2-methoxyestradiol induced apoptosis and its mechanism of action in CNE2 cell lines. METHODS: CNE2 cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium and treated with 2-methoxyestradiol in different concentrations. MTT assay was used to detect growth inhibition. Flow cytometry and DNA ladders were used to detect apoptosis. Western blotting ...
Bucaro M A - - 2004
Studies were performed to evaluate the effects of modeled microgravity on the induction of osteoblast apoptosis. MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells were cultured in alginate carriers in the NASA-approved high aspect ratio vessel (HARV). This system subjects the cells to a time-averaged gravitational field (vector-averaged gravity) to simulate low gravity conditions. Cells ...
Kobayashi Satsuki - - 2004
Tubulogenic transformation of a nontubulogenic endothelial cell line NP31 by a constitutively activated form of the Flt-1 kinase (NP31/kinase) was accompanied by an increased expression of Nox1 by sixfold over NP31. Overexpression of Nox1 in NP31 cells (NP31/Nox1) stimulated branching morphogenesis in Matrigel but surprisingly cords lacked a lumen. The ...
Liu Da-Chuan - - 2004
AIM: To examine the effect of a novel peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha/gamma dual agonist TZD18 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human glioblastoma T98G cells and its possible mechanism. METHODS: RT-PCR, MTT, TUNEL, Flow cytometry, and Western blot analysis were employed. RESULTS: TZD18 inhibited the growth of T98G cells ...
Han J - - 2004
TRAIL-induced apoptosis has been considered a promising therapeutic approach for tumors that are resistant to chemotherapy, which is usually mediated via mitochondrial apoptotic cascades. Recent studies have shown that in certain cancer cells, TRAIL-mediated apoptosis is also dependent on mitochondrial involvement, suggesting that similar mechanisms of resistance to chemotherapy might ...
Chang Mei-Chi - - 2004
There are about 200-600 million betel quid (BQ) chewers in the world. BQ chewing is one of the major risk factor of hepatocarcinoma, oropharyngeal, and esophagus cancers in Taiwan, India, and Southeast Asian countries. Thus, the precise molecular mechanisms deserve investigation. We used cultured primary keratinocytes and KB cells, RT-PCR, ...
Li Da-Qiang - - 2004
AIM: To explore the effects of mifepristone, a progesterone receptor (PR) antagonist, on the proliferation of human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SGC-7 901 in vitro and the possible mechanisms involved. METHODS: In situ hybridization was used to detect the expression of PR mRNA in SGC-7901 cells. After treatment with various ...
Yoshida Tomoyuki - - 2004
Bax is a proapoptotic protein that plays a key role in the induction of apoptosis. Ku70 has activities to repair DNA damage in the nucleus and to suppress apoptosis by inhibiting Bax in the cytosol. We previously designed peptides based on the amino acid sequence of Bax-binding domain of human ...
Baek Dongwon - - 2004
An Arabidopsis protoplast system was developed for dissecting plant cell death in individual cells. Bax, a mammalian pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, induces apoptotic-like cell death in Arabidopsis. Bax accumulation in Arabidopsis mesophyll protoplasts expressing murine Bax cDNA from a glucocorticoid-inducible promoter results in cytological characteristics of apoptosis, namely ...
Sheng Yanjuan - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of high dose methylprednisolone (MP) on retinal ganglion cells (RGC) apoptosis. METHODS: One hundred and twenty six Wistar rats were divided into normal control, crush control and MP treatment groups. High dose MP and 0.9% sodium chloride were injected intravenously at 1 h after injury ...
Sonee Manisha - - 2004
Genistein, a soy isoflavone, has been shown to mimic the pharmacological actions of the endogenous steroid estrogen with which it has structural similarities. There is now evidence that the genistein can prevent disorders-like heart diseases, cancer and diabetes as well. However, very few studies have looked at the effect of ...
Cassinelli Giuliana - - 2004
Amplification of the c-MYC proto-oncogene is a frequent alteration in hormone refractory prostate carcinomas (HRPC). In an attempt to investigate the role of c-myc in the cellular response to paclitaxel (PTX), we used two HRPC cell lines, DU145 and PC3, characterised by different levels of the protein and by different ...
Forger Nancy G - - 2004
Several of the best-studied sex differences in the mammalian brain are ascribed to the hormonal control of cell death. This conclusion is based primarily on correlations between pyknotic cell counts in development and counts of mature neurons in adulthood; the molecular mechanisms of hormone-regulated, sexually dimorphic cell death are unknown. ...
Zheng Xiao-Liang - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the effect of astilbic acid (3beta, 6beta-dihydroxyolean-12-en-27-oic acid, AA) on human colorectal carcinoma COLO 205 cell proliferation and apoptosis. METHODS: Proliferation of COLO 205 cells was measured by MTT assay. Content of DNA in COLO 205 cell was measured by modified diphenylamine assay. AA-induced morphological changes was ...
Li Dechao - - 2004
We examined the influence of ROS on the phosphorylation and complex formation of Bcl-2 family proteins in Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) antisense-transfected squamous cell carcinoma cells, OSC-4 cells. The increase of intracellular ROS level induced by cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) and gamma-ray treatment was greater in antisense-transfected cells than in control vector-transfected cells, ...
Becattini Barbara - - 2004
Bid is a key member of the Bcl-2 family proteins involved in the control of the apoptotic cascade in cells, leading to cell death. Uncontrolled cell death is associated with several human pathologies, such as neurodegenerative diseases and ischemic injuries. Therefore, Bid represents a potential yet unexplored and challenging target ...
Uddin Shahab - - 2004
We examined the functional role of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase pathway in the growth and survival of cell lines of T-cell origin. Pharmacological inhibition of PI3'-kinase using LY294002 resulted in apoptosis of acute lymphoblastic T-cell leukemia (T-ALL) cell lines including CEM, Jurkat, and MOLT-4. On the other hand, the cutaneous T-cell ...
Yamachika Eiki - - 2004
Artemisinin (AR) is a widely used antimalarial drug. Recently, additional uses for AR as an anticancer drug were discovered. Using TUNEL, immunohistochemistry (IHS) markers and flow cytometry techniques, we evaluated the effect of AR and 5-FU on HPV 16 immortalized and transformed human gingival epithelial (IHGK) cells. The results of ...
Bai Maria - - 2004
The aim of this study was to analyze the relations between differentiation immunophenotypes and the status of apoptosis and proliferation in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Therefore, the bcl6/CD10/MUM1/CD138 differentiation immunophenotypic profiles were studied in relation to (a) the apoptotic index, (b) the apoptosis-associated bcl2 family proteins bcl2, bcl-xl, bax, bak, ...
Jow Guey-Mei - - 2004
Drug-induced cell death can occur as a result of DNA damage, which in turn may lead to the reduction of bcl-2 expression and activation of caspase-3 expression. In the present study, we investigated the effect of armepavines and atherosperminine on the cell survival rate and expression of bcl-2 and caspase-3 ...
Michels Jorg - - 2004
Enforced expression of the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein Mcl-1 promotes lymphomagenesis in the mouse; however, the functional role of Mcl-1 in human B-cell lymphoma remains unclear. We demonstrate that Mcl-1 is widely expressed in malignant B-cells, and high-level expression of Mcl-1 is required for B-lymphoma cell survival, since transfection of ...
Dai Yun - - 2004
The relationship between the Src kinase Lyn and Bcl-2 expression was examined in chronic myelogenous leukemia cells (K562 and LAMA84) displaying a Bcr/Abl-independent form of imatinib mesylate resistance. K562-R and LAMA-R cells that were markedly resistant to induction of mitochondrial dysfunction (e.g. loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, Bax translocation, cytochrome ...
Zhang Chun-Ling - - 2004
Two diterpenoids, oridonin (1) and ponicidin (2), were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of Rabdosia rubescens and were evaluated for antiproliferative activity on cancer cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro. Oridonin has much more potent cytotoxic effects on four tumor cells (human melanoma A375-S2, human ...
Chong Yong - - 2004
To investigate HIV-1-related B cell disorders, the quantity of peripheral CD27 negative (CD27-) B cells, their CD38, CD95, and bcl-2 intensities, and their apoptosis susceptibility were examined by flow cytometry analysis in 16 drug-naive patients, 27 HAART-treated patients, and 20 uninfected controls. CD27- B cells have been recognized as naive ...
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