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Dworet Jessica H - - 2006
We previously reported that protein kinase A activity is an important determinant of thyroid cell survival. Given the important role of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) in mediating the transcriptional effects of protein kinase A, we explored whether interference with CREB family members impaired thyroid cell survival. Expression of ...
Cox, Andrew Graham
Exposure of cells to hydrogen peroxide can cause oxidative damage to cellular constituents including lipids, protein, and DNA. At elevated concentrations, hydrogen peroxide can trigger cell death by apoptosis or necrosis. Apoptotic cell death can be prevented by overexpression of the oncoprotein Bcl-2. The exact mechanism by which Bcl-2 blocks ...
Cowie, Emma Angela
Vitamin E (VE) analogues, epitomized by α-tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS), are potent inducers of apoptosis and anti-cancer agents. Here, we tested their effect on the highly malignant N-type neuroblastoma (Nb) cells and their differentiated, neurone-like counterparts. Nb cells were highly susceptible to several VE analogues, while differentiated Nb cells were relatively ...
Vijayababu Marati R - - 2006
Quercetin, a flavonoid found in onion, grapes, green vegetables, etc., has been shown to possess potent antiproliferative effects against various malignant cells. We report insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) as an effector of quercetin-induced apoptosis in human prostate cancer cell lines in a p53-independent manner. We evaluated the production of ...
Feng Lan-Fang - - 2006
To investigate the changes in drug sensitivity of Bcl-2 siRNA transfected HepG2 cells. Bcl-2 siRNA and negative siRNA expression vector were constructed and stably transfected into HepG2 cells. RT-PCR and Immunofluorescence were used to detect the target gene expression. Western Blotting was used to detect Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 protein ...
Dörner T - - 2006
Following investigations of the pathogenic role of autoantibodies in rheumatic diseases, preclinical and clinical studies suggest a more central role of B cells in the maintenance of the disease process beyond just being precursors of (auto)antibody-producing plasma cells. Detailed analyses have implicated a number of surface molecules and subsequent downstream ...
Janumyan, Yelena Melkum
CANCER BIOLOGY BCL-2/BCL-XL REGULATES CELL CYCLE THROUGH A NOVEL MECHANISM IN ADDITION TO CELL SURVIVAL YELENA MELKUM JANUMYAN Dissertation under the direction of Professor Elizabeth Yang Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL are anti-apoptotic and inhibit proliferation. During cell cycle arrest, Bcl-2 or Bcl-xL expression causes elevation of the CDK inhibitor p27, decrease ...
Park Joong-Won - - 2006
Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in the chronic inflammation-related development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the use of selective COX-2 inhibitors might provide new chemoprevention strategies for HCC. However, the role of the COX-2 in hepatocarcinogenesis remains obscure, particularly as it has been primarily studied with selective COX-2 inhibitors ...
Shen Wen T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Among the most promising new therapies for thyroid cancer are the histone deacetylase inhibitors. Valproic acid (VA) is an anticonvulsant that inhibits histone deacetylase activity at nontoxic concentrations. We hypothesized that VA would have antineoplastic effects on human thyroid cancer cells. METHODS: We treated 1 papillary and 3 follicular ...
Nagothu Kiran K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In previous studies we have shown that cisplatin inhibits peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) activity and consequently fatty acid oxidation, and these events precede proximal tubule cell death. In addition the use of fibrate class of PPAR-alpha ligands ameliorate renal function by preventing both inhibition of fatty acid oxidation and ...
Chiu S-M - - 2005
Cell death following photodynamic therapy (PDT) with the photosensitizer Pc 4 involves the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis. To evaluate the importance of Bax in apoptosis after PDT, we compared the PDT responses of Bax-proficient (Bax(+/-)) and Bax knock-out (BaxKO) HCT116 human colon cancer cells. PDT induced a slow apoptotic process ...
Coultas Leigh - - 2005
The BH3-only proteins of the Bcl-2 family initiate apoptosis through the activation of Bax-like relatives. Loss of individual BH3-only proteins can lead either to no phenotype, as in mice lacking Bik, or to marked cell excess, as in the hematopoietic compartment of animals lacking Bim. To investigate whether functional redundancy ...
Santiago Mercedes Fernández - - 2006
We have demonstrated previously [Pérez-Reyes, P.L., Sánchez-Alonso, J.A., López-Aparicio, P., Recio, M.N., Pérez-Albarsanz, M.A., 2001. Different molecular capacity in the induction of apoptosis by polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in rat renal tubular cell cultures. Biosci. Rep. 6, 765-778] that the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) cause loss of cell viability and accelerate apoptosis ...
Singh Shivendra V - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to gain insights into the molecular mechanism of cell death (apoptosis) by guggulsterone, a constituent of Ayurvedic medicinal plant Commiphora mukul, using PC-3 human prostate cancer cells as a model. The viability of PC-3 cells, but not a normal prostate epithelial cell line (PrEC), was ...
Lo Yi-Ching - - 2005
AIM: Capsaicin, a pungent ingredient found in red pepper, has long been used in spices, food additives, and drugs. Cell death induced by the binding of capsaicin was examined in a human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line (AGS cells). METHODS: By using XTT-based cytotoxicity assay, flow cytometry using the TUNEL method, ...
Xue Liang-yan - - 2005
The antiapoptotic Bcl-2-family proteins, Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, are recognized phototargets of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with the mitochondrion-targeting phthalocyanine photosensitizer Pc 4. In the present study, we found that myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1), another antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, was not photodamaged in Pc 4-PDT-treated human carcinoma cells MCF-7c3, ...
Basma Hesham - - 2005
Chemotherapy has been used for treatment of breast cancer but with limited success. We characterized the effects of bcl-2 antisense and cisplatin combination therapy in two human isogenic breast carcinoma cells p53(+)MCF-7 and p53(-)MCF-7/E6. The transferrin-facilitated lipofection strategy we have developed yielded same transfection efficiency in both cells. Bcl-2 antisense ...
Soane Lucian - - 2005
Protein delivery mediated by protein transduction domains (PTD) such as the HIV-1 TAT-PTD has emerged as a promising approach for neuroprotection. The objective of this study was to generate and evaluate the neuroprotective potential of TAT fusion proteins using constructs based on Bcl-2 anti-death family proteins. A TAT-Bcl-2 construct with ...
Smith Charles S - - 2005
Inhibition of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase linked to tumour cell survival, causes cell rounding, loss of adhesion and apoptosis in human cancer cell lines. In this study, we tested antisense oligonucleotide inhibitors of FAK, in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), to increase its sensitivity in human melanoma ...
Sandler Charlotta - - 2005
Chemically modified tetracyclines are a group of non-antimicrobial tetracycline derivatives, which possess antiinflammatory, anticollagenolytic and antiproliferative properties. Here we studied the effects of four different chemically modified tetracyclines (CMT-1, CMT-3, CMT-8 and CMT-308) on proliferation and viability of cultured mouse and human mast cells. All studied CMTs (25 microM) effectively ...
Chiang Gisela G - - 2005
Enhanced product yields, reduction in throughput time, improved cost-effectiveness and product quality are examples of benefits gained by delaying apoptotic cell death in bioreactors. To examine the effect on recombinant protein production, bcl-x(L) was overexpressed in a CHO cell line secreting humanized monoclonal antibody directed against the alpha1beta1 integrin. When ...
Kawai-Yamada Maki - - 2005
Overexpression of the mammalian proapoptotic protein Bax induces cell death in plant and yeast cells. The Bax inihibitor-1 (BI-1) gene rescues yeast and plant from Bax-mediated lethality. Using the Arabidopsis BI-1 (AtBI-1) gene controlled by the GAL1 promoter as a cell death suppressor in yeast, Cdf1 (cell growth defect factor-1) ...
Dodier Phillipe - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of Bcl-X(L) on the growth and survival of human ovarian carcinoma cells. METHODS: In this study, we enforced down-regulation of Bcl-X(L) by RNA interference in ovarian carcinoma cell lines CaOV3, SKOV3ip1 and OVCAR3 cell lines expressing various levels of Bcl-X(L). We also established stable transfectants ...
Xie Li - - 2005
Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa interacting protein 2 like-1 (BNIPL-1) is a novel human protein identified in our laboratory, which can interact with Bcl-2 and Cdc42GAP and induce apoptosis via the BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP homology (BCH) domain. In the present study, we established the Hep3B-Tet-on stable cell line in which expression ...
Tang Rong - - 2005
Our previous study reported that oxysterol cholestane-3beta,5 alpha, 6 beta-triol (Triol) induced vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) apoptosis, which was inhibited by selenium pretreatment. To further investigate the mechanisms of the inhibition, the glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), the total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and the ...
Ebert Sandra - - 2005
Severe brain damage in patients with pneumococcal meningitis is in part caused by the cytosolic pneumococcal protein pneumolysin. The devastating effect of this neurotoxin might be alleviated by interfering with the cell death pathways that it sets in motion. An important player in these pathways is Bcl-X(L), an antiapoptotic protein ...
Modrowski Dominique - - 2005
Syndecans are cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans that serve as co-receptors and modulate the actions of a number of extracellular ligands. Syndecans thereby regulate cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. Studies in cancer cells suggest that syndecans may also modulate cell viability. We previously showed that syndecan-2 controls the growth of ...
Jöhrens Korinna - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It remains controversial whether splenic and nodal marginal zone B cells, monocytoid -, and epithelial-associated B cells represent separate B-cell subsets or just variants of the same population. To clarify this issue we studied the antigen profile and topographical distribution of these cell types. DESIGN AND METHODS: ...
Lang-Rollin I - - 2005
The function of the proteasome has been linked to various pathologies, including cancer and neurodegeneration. Proteasomal inhibition can lead to death in a variety of cell types, however the manner in which this occurs is unclear, and may depend on the particular cell type. In this work we have extended ...
Kim Ryungsa - - 2005
The antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL play important roles in inhibiting mitochondria-dependent extrinsic and intrinsic cell death pathways. It seems that these two proteins have distinct functions for inhibiting extrinsic and intrinsic cell death pathways. The overexpression of Bcl-2 is able to inhibit not only apoptotic cell death ...
Takeuchi Osamu - - 2005
B cell homeostasis is maintained by a balance between the continual generation of new cells and their elimination. Here we show proapoptotic BCL-2 family members BAX and BAK are essential for regulating the number of B cells at both immature and mature developmental stages. BAX and BAK are critical mediators ...
Swettenham Emma - - 2005
Vitamin E (VE) analogues, epitomized by alpha-tocopheryl succinate (alpha-TOS), are potent inducers of apoptosis and anti-cancer agents. Here, we tested their effect on the highly malignant N-type neuroblastoma (Nb) cells and their differentiated, neurone-like counterparts. Nb cells were highly susceptible to several VE analogues, while differentiated Nb cells were relatively ...
Kaewsakhorn Thattawan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) in dogs is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Calcitriol and its analog seocalcitol, combined with medium-chain triglyceride (MCT), have potential for the treatment of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TCC cells were treated with calcitriol or seocalcitol, alone or combined with MCT. Cell growth, ...
Roucou X - - 2005
Prion protein (PrP) prevents Bcl-2-associated protein X (Bax)-mediated cell death, but the step at which PrP inhibits is not known. We first show that PrP is very specific for Bax and cannot prevent Bak (Bcl-2 antagonist killer 1)-, tBid-, staurosporine- or thapsigargin-mediated cell death. As Bax activation involves Bax conformational ...
Zheng Jian-Yong - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the role of overexpression of Bax in apoptotic pathways and the response of human hepatocellular cancer (HCC)-9204 cells to cell death induced by adriamycin. METHODS: The whole length of Bax cDNA was transfected into human HCC-9204 cells by the method of lipofectamine transfection. An inducible MT-II regulatory ...
Cochet Olivia - - 2006
Survival and proliferation of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) cells are influenced by many cytokines produced by different cell types in the lymph node microenvironment. STAT, family of transcription factors, are key mediators of cytokine signaling and their perturbation contributes to various human diseases. Electrophoretic mobility shift and phosphoprotein immunoblotting analyses were ...
Matsumoto K - - 2006
In Alzheimer's disease amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) produced from amyloid precursor protein (APP) is considered to induce cell death. To clarify the molecular mechanism underlying Abeta neurotoxicity, we established the cell line overexpressing wild or mutant (His684Arg) APP in human SH-SY5Y cells. This paper presents that overexpression of wild-APP in ...
Liszewska E - - 2005
Bovine luteal cells from days 6-10 and 11-15 of the estrous cycle were exposed (6 h) to factors that support or disrupt steroidogenesis. The expression of bcl-2 and bax and level of active caspase-3 in cells was measured. Progesterone (P4) increased (P<0.01) while staurosporine decreased (P<0.01-P<0.001) bcl-2 expression at both ...
Stojanovic Marina - - 2005
BAP31, a resident integral protein of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, regulates the export of other integral membrane proteins to the downstream secretory pathway. Here we show that cell surface expression of the tetraspanins CD9 and CD81 is compromised in mouse cells from which the Bap31 gene has been deleted. CD9 ...
Bélanger Sylvie - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The Bcl-2 protein is an important regulator of the apoptotic cascade and promotes cell survival. Bcl-2 can also delay entry into the cell cycle from quiescence. In the present study, we used two isogenic human ovarian carcinoma cell lines, which expressed differential levels of Bcl-2 proteins, to demonstrate that ...
Morrissey Colm - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Phytoestrogens may reduce tumorigenesis in prostate cancer. We screened five phytoestrogens for their effect on cell growth and apoptosis in PWR-1E, LNCaP, PC-3, and DU145 prostate epithelial cells in vitro. METHODS: We assessed cell number, proliferation, and apoptosis using crystal violet assays, flow cytometric analysis, and TUNEL. Focusing specifically ...
Ifandi Vasiliki - - 2005
Proliferation and cell death are regarded as key targets for the optimization of animal cell culture processes and for the maximization of product yield. Although chemical and physical factors are vitally important, of primary interest is the utilization of genetic engineering to regulate cellular processes. CHO cells were first genetically ...
Reiners John J JJ - - 2005
Pharmacological approaches employing agents that bind to the Bcl-2 surface pocket have been used successfully to neutralize the activities of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members, and induce apoptosis. Several reports suggest that Bcl-2 expression/function is cell cycle-dependent. Hence, is killing by Bcl-2 surface pocket binding agents also cell cycle-dependent? In the ...
Bello Rosario I - - 2005
This work was set to study how dicoumarol affects the cell cycle in human myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells. Cells were accumulated in G0/1 after serum deprivation. However, when cells were treated with 5 microM dicoumarol in serum-free medium, a significant increment in the number of cells in S-phase was observed. ...
Sasaki Takamitsu - - 2005
We examined the biological effects of nitric oxide (NO) and its mediator, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), in cancer. Urogenital cancer cell lines, SKRC, T24 and DU145, were treated with various concentrations of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a NO donor. The medium nitrite concentration was exponentially increased according to the concentration of SNP. ...
Sauer B - - 2005
Calcitriol is originally known to decrease proliferation rates of several carcinoma cells, partly via induction of apoptosis. On the other hand, the secosteroid is revealed to protect some cell types like thyrocytes, HL-60 cells and melanocytes against programmed cell death. Here we report that calcitriol despite its strong antiproliferative effect ...
Ma Li - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the effects of mitomycin (MMC) combined with sulindac on cell viability, apoptotic induction and expression of apoptosis-related gene Bcl-2 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells. METHODS: Human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells were divided into three treatment groups,namely sulindac treatment group, MMC treatment group and combined ...
Sithanandam Gunamani - - 2005
The ErbB3 receptor and the downstream signaling kinase Akt are implicated in proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Inhibition by siRNAs to ErbB3 and Akt isoforms 1, 2 and 3 was utilized to investigate the contribution of these molecules to tumor survival, spreading and invasiveness, and the roles of specific Akt ...
Jeong Byong-Chang - - 2005
Oxalate is not only considered to be one of the main constituents of urinary stones, but it also has toxic effects on renal tubular epithelial cells, affecting the pathogenesis of nephrolithiasis. We tried to elucidate the effects of oxalate on human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells). In addition, we ...
Chandra Dhyan - - 2005
Many studies have demonstrated a critical role of Bax in mediating apoptosis, but the role of Bak in regulating cancer cell apoptotic sensitivities in the presence or absence of Bax remains incompletely understood. Using isogenic cells with defined genetic deficiencies, here we show that in response to intrinsic, extrinsic, and ...
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