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Results 301 - 350 of 1000
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Campàs Clara - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Antiapoptotic Bcl-2 is overexpressed in most cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The inhibition of the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins is an attractive strategy for either restoring normal apoptotic process in cancer cells or making these cells more susceptible to conventional chemotherapy. We studied the effect of Bcl-2 inhibitors on ...
Demasi Marcos A A - - 2007
Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) exert a potent anti-proliferative activity on several cell types. The classic molecular mechanism of GCs involves modulation of the activity of the glucocorticoids receptor, a transcriptional regulator. However, the anti-proliferative effect of GCs may also involve modulation of processes such as translation, subcellular localization and post-translational modifications, ...
Salama Salama A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the effect of the estrogen metabolite 2-methoxyestradiol (2-MeOHE(2)) on apoptosis, cell proliferation, and collagen synthesis in human and rat leiomyoma cells. METHODS: [(3)H] thymidine and [(3)H] proline incorporation studies were conducted. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cyclin D1, Bcl-2, and ...
Cricco Graciela - - 2006
In this study, the mechanisms involved in the inhibitory effect of histamine (HA) on PANC-1 cell proliferation were investigated. The action of HA on cell growth was evaluated by determining the cell doubling time from experimental growth curves and analysing the cell cycle using a flow cytometer. The expression of ...
Eichmann Ruth - - 2006
SUMMARY BAX Inhibitor-1 (BI-1) is a conserved cell death suppressor protein. In barley, BI-1 (HvBI-1) expression is induced upon powdery mildew infection and when over-expressed in epidermal cells of barley, HvBI-1 induces susceptibility to the biotrophic fungal pathogen Blumeria graminis. We co-expressed mammalian pro-apoptotic BAX together with HvBI-1, and the ...
Estève Marie-Anne - - 2006
Vinflunine, a new microtubule-targeting drug, has a marked antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. Here, we studied the mechanisms mediating resistance to vinflunine. We investigated the response to vinflunine of ovarian cancer cells initially selected as paclitaxel-resistant cells (A2780-TC1 cells). By comparison with A2780-wild-type (wt) cells, we showed that ...
Chitambar Christopher R - - 2006
Gallium nitrate is a metallodrug with clinical efficacy in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Its mechanisms of antineoplastic action are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the roles of transferrin receptor (TfR) targeting and apoptotic pathways in gallium-induced cell death. Although DoHH2 lymphoma cells displayed a 3-fold lower number of ...
Jun Hye-Seung - - 2007
Capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide), a pungent ingredient of hot chili peppers, has been reported to possess substantial anticarcinogenic and antimutagenic activities. In the present study, we investigated the effect of capsaicin on induction of apoptosis in highly metastatic B16-F10 murine melanoma cells. Capsaicin inhibited growth of B16-F10 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. ...
Chauhan D - - 2007
Bcl-2 or Bcl-X(L) confers resistance to chemotherapy in multiple myeloma (MM). Here we characterized the effects of ABT-737, a potent small-molecule inhibitor of antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L) and Bcl-w with markedly higher affinity than previously reported compounds, on human MM cells. ABT-737 induces apoptosis in MM cells, including those resistant ...
Karbowski Mariusz - - 2006
Bcl-2 family proteins are potent regulators of programmed cell death. Although their intracellular localization to mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum has focused research on these organelles, how they function remains unknown. Two members of the Bcl-2 family, Bax and Bak, change intracellular location early in the promotion of apoptosis to ...
O'Connor Kim C - - 2006
A novel population-balance model was employed to evaluate the suppression of cell death in myeloma NS0 6A1 cells metabolically engineered to over-express the apoptotic suppressor Bcl-2. The model is robust in its ability to simulate cell population dynamics in batch suspension culture and in response to thymidine-induced growth inhibition: 89% ...
Hamaï A - - 2006
In order to define genetic determinants of primary and metastatic melanoma cell susceptibility to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), we have applied oligonucleotide microarrays to TRAIL-sensitive primary T1 cells and TRAIL-resistant metastatic G1 cells treated or not with TRAIL. T1 and G1 cells are isogenic melanoma cell subclones. We ...
Raymond Marie-Noëlle - - 2006
Uterine leiomyomas, or fibroids, are the most common tumors of the myometrium. The ELT3 cell line, derived from Eker rat leiomyoma, has been successfully used as a model for the study of leiomyomas. We have demonstrated previously the potent mitogenic properties of the peptidic hormone endothelin (ET)-1 in this cell ...
Osbild Sandra - - 2006
The impact of the anti-cancer drugs cisplatin (CDDP) and adriamycin (ADR) was investigated on sensitive and resistant MCF-7-derived human breast cancer cells. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis and necrosis by flow cytometry, glutathione (GSH) by HPLC, and Bcl-2, Bax and PARP expression by Western ...
Barber Jonathan L - - 2006
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are hydrophobic and persistent additive flame retardants that seemingly transfer into environmental compartments where they bioaccumulate i.e. in human biota. We examined the micronucleus-forming activities of low-dose PBDEs (congeners 47, 99, 153, 183 or 209) in MCF-7 cells along with their ability to modulate growth, cell ...
Chetsawang Banthit - - 2006
Oxidative stress is defined as a disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance, leading to potential cell damage. Reactive oxygen species such as superoxide radicals, hydroxyl radicals and hydrogen peroxide may act also as secondary intermediaries in intracellular signaling leading to cell death. The neuroprotective effect of melatonin has been observed both ...
Sourdeval Matthieu - - 2006
In the present study, the toxicity of yperite, SM, and its structural analogue mechlorethamine, HN2, was investigated in a human bronchial epithelial cell line 16HBE. Cell detachment was initiated by caspase-2 activation, down-regulation of Bcl-2 and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. Only in detached cells, mustards induced apoptosis associated with ...
Mi Zhiping - - 2006
Bcl-2 has been hypothesized to regulate many cellular functions in addition to its well-characterized role in the prevention of programmed cell death. To understand the role of Bcl-2 in regulating cell morphology and to explore the mechanism of this effect, we examined the effects of Bcl-2 overexpression on the morphology ...
Birraux J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gingival overgrowth (GO) is a side-effect of cyclosporin A (CsA) therapy and is characterised by enlargement of the gingiva with epithelial thickening and overproduction of extracellular matrix components. The pathogenesis of the epithelial thickening in GO remains obscure. The objective of the present study was to investigate ...
Miyashita Kazumi - - 2006
Flavopiridol was one of the first cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors demonstrated to have an antitumor effect in several cancer types. Here, we investigated the effects of flavopiridol on TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines HLE and HepG2, and evaluated the role of flavopiridol in apoptosis. ...
Xu Zheng - - 2006
Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is generally considered to promote tumorigenesis. To investigate a potential role of COX-2 in osteosarcoma, we overexpressed COX-2 in human osteosarcoma cells. Saos-2 cells deficient in COX-2 expression were retrovirally transduced or stably transfected with murine COX-2 cDNA. Functional expression of COX-2 was confirmed by Northern ...
Stockmann-Juvala Helene - - 2006
Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium verticilliodes, which commonly infects corn across the world. Fusarium fungi may also be found in moisture-damaged buildings. In this study, we investigated the role of apoptosis in the toxicity of FB(1) in four different cell lines. Activation of caspase-3-like protease, DNA ...
Barbosa Christiano M V - - 2006
The cell death mechanism of cytotoxicity induced by the Biphosphinic Palladacycle Complex (BPC) was studied using a K562 leukaemia cell line. The IC50 values obtained for K562 cells post-72 h of BPC were less than 5.0 microM by using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and trypan blue assays. Using the Acridine ...
Lim Sing Fee - - 2006
Bcl-2 family proteins play a crucial role in the regulation of the mitochondrial pathway that leads to apoptosis. Members of the Bcl-2 family can be divided into the anti-apoptotic proteins such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L), and the pro-apoptotic proteins such as Bax and Bak and the BH3-only proteins. In this ...
Yoshida Akira - - 2006
Bcl-2 protein plays a critical role in inhibiting anticancer drug-induced apoptosis. We found that Bcl-2 overexpression is associated with a nearly 3-fold increase in cellular glutathione levels and with increased resistance to cell death after treatment with etoposide or SN-38, a derivative of camptothecin, in leukemia 697 cells with wild-type ...
Zhang Peng - - 2006
The correlation of c-Myc expression with resveratrol-induced turnover of medulloblastoma cells was investigated in this study by checking (1) c-Myc expression in medulloblastoma tissues and cell lines (UW228-2 and UW228-3), (2) the in vitro effect of resveratrol on c-Myc expression and (3) the influences of c-Myc inhibition in cell growth ...
Bae In Hwa - - 2006
Given a previous report that Bcl-w is expressed in gastric cancer cells, particularly in those of an infiltrative morphology, we investigated whether Bcl-w expression influences the invasiveness of gastric cancer cells. To accomplish this, Bcl-w was overexpressed in adherent types of gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines, and this was found to ...
Zhu Yanan - - 2006
The introduction of antigen into animals causes antigen-specific T cells to divide and then die. Activated T cell death requires either of the death effector molecules, Bak or Bax. When T cells die, Bak and Bax change their conformations, a phenomenon that is thought to be required for Bak or ...
Zhang Jun-Feng - - 2006
The present study was undertaken to investigate the mechanisms of oridonin induced apoptosis on human hepatocellular carcinoma BEL-7402 cells. BEL-7402 cells in culture medium in vitro were given different concentrations of oridonin. Cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay and [(3)H]-thymidine uptake, cell apoptotic rate was detected by flow cytometry ...
Bae Seog Nyeon - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Zinc inhibits the growth of several carcinoma cells through induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The intracellular concentration of zinc and its dynamic changes are critically important in cell biology. We investigated the effects of zinc-citrate compound (CIZAR) on normal human ovarian epithelial cells (NOSE) and human epithelial ...
Yacoub Adly - - 2006
We determined one mechanism by which the putative phosphoinositide-dependent kinase (PDK)-1 inhibitor 2-amino-N-{4-[5-(2-phenanthrenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-phenyl}acetamide (OSU-03012) killed primary human glioma and other transformed cells. OSU-03012 caused a dose-dependent induction of cell death that was not altered by p53 mutation, expression of ERBB1 vIII, or loss of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on ...
Sanda T - - 2006
NF-kappaB is constitutively activated in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and is considered responsible for cell growth and prevention of cell death. In this study, we demonstrate that NF-kappaB is constitutively activated in various HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines and ATL-derived cell lines irrespectively of Tax expression as evidenced by the phosphorylation of ...
Verma Y K - - 2006
Bcl-2 (B Cell Lymphoma) protein is an anti-apoptotic member of Bcl-2 family, which is comprised of pro- and anti-apoptotic members. It regulates cellular proliferation and death by inter- and intra-family interactions. It has a potential to suppress apoptotic cell death under variety of stress conditions by modulating mitochondrial transmembrane potential. ...
Noguchi Mariko - - 2006
The ganglioside patterns have been shown to dramatically change during cell proliferation and differentiation and in certain cell-cycle phases, brain development, and cancer malignancy. To investigate the significance of the ganglioside GM3 in cancer malignancy, we established GM3-reconstituted cells by transfecting the cDNA of GM3 synthase into a GM3-deficient subclone ...
Beppu Fumiaki - - 2006
This study compared the growth inhibitory effects of pure conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers [cis(c)9,c11-CLA, c9,trans(t)11-CLA, t9,t11-CLA, and t10,c12-CLA] on human colon cancer cell lines (Caco-2, HT-29 and DLD-1). When Caco-2 cells were incubated up to 72 h with 200 microM, each isomer, even in the presence of 10% fetal ...
Yang-Yen Hsin-Fang - - 2006
Mcl-1 is one member of the Bcl-2 family that has a very short protein half-life. Since its identification in 1993, a great number of studies have implicated that Mcl-1 plays an important role in various cell survival pathways. However, not until recently did the molecular mechanism by which Mcl-1 antagonizes ...
Joyner David E - - 2006
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a highly aggressive, periarticular soft tissue sarcoma that causes death in more than half of affected children, adolescents, and young adults. Five- and 10-year survival rates are as low as 36 and 20%, respectively. Bcl-2, a negative regulator of apoptosis, is overexpressed in up to 90% ...
Pessina Augusto - - 2006
The very different effects of Cholera Toxin (CT) on cell growth and proliferation may depend on the type of ganglioside receptors in cell membranes and different signal transduction mechanisms triggered, but other functions related to the drug resistance mechanisms can not be excluded. The effect of CT treatment on the ...
Nonaka M - - 2006
The present study investigated induction of apoptosis in NB-1 oral carcinoma cells by paclitaxel and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in relation to this apoptotic cell death. Paclitaxel induced apoptotic cell death in NB-1 cells in a dose- and a time-dependent manner. The present results suggest that paclitaxel can ...
Bartner Lisa R - - 2006
This study examined the contribution of delayed apoptosis of bronchial mucous cells to mucus accumulation in equine recurrent airway obstruction (RAO). In pilot studies, Bcl-2, an apoptosis inhibitor, was detected in airway mucous cells of RAO-affected horses in remission and during acute disease, when most mucus was secreted. To study ...
Brengauz-Breitmann Masha - - 2006
The involvement of NF-kappaB in the regulation of the apoptotic process was demonstrated previously, however, its exact role has not been established yet. In order to unravel mechanisms underlying teratogen-induced cell death, we tried in our present study to assess the involvement of the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB in the ...
Du Gang-Jun - - 2006
Bcl-2 is best known for its anti-apoptotic function in a wide variety of cell types. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of bcl-2 on the types of cell demise in the HeLa/bcl-2 cells induced by H2O2. The HeLa cell expressed stably bcl-2 was established and defined ...
Song Guanbin - - 2006
Oxymatrine, a natural quinolizidine alkaloid, has been known having cytotoxic and chemopreventive effects on various cancer cells. To investigate the possible mechanism of oxymatrine's role on cancer cells, in the present study, we examined further the effects of oxymatrine on the growth, proliferation, apoptosis and expression of bcl-2 and p53 ...
Gee Jason - - 2006
Selective COX-2 inhibitors such as celecoxib and NS-398 are being evaluated as chemopreventive and therapeutic agents for bladder and other cancers. We investigated the effects of these nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents on a panel of bladder cancer cell lines, and assessed their effects on anchorage-dependent and -independent growth, cell cycle, apoptosis ...
Liu Jia-Jun - - 2006
Oridonin, an ent-kaurane diterpenoid derived from the herbal Rabdosia rubescens, has been recently reported to have antitumor effects on a large variety of cancer cells. The present study was undertaken to investigate the in vitro antiproliferation and apoptosis inducing effects of oridonin on HPB-ALL cell lines and its mechanisms of ...
Guo How-Ran - - 2006
PURPOSE: The present study aims at investigating the involvement of several genes in the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis in U937 cells, a cell line lacking functional p53 protein, after combined treatment with staurosporine and irradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a DNA fragmentation assay, flow cytometry and western blot analysis, ...
Xie Xian-Kuan - - 2006
C-myc is an oncogene with the important role of cell proliferation controller. It has been found to be amplified and overexpressed in osteosarcoma. Moreover, it can promote cell transformation and induce metastatic features. Some studies showed that overexpression of c-myc could induce resistance in response to antineoplastic agents. Currently, we ...
Reagan-Shaw Shannon - - 2006
In this article, we studied the chemopreventive effects of sanguinarine on UVB-mediated responses in human HaCaT immortalized keratinocytes. For our studies, HaCaT cells were treated with a low dose (50 nmol/L) of sanguinarine for 24 hours followed by irradiation with UVB (15 or 30 mJ/cm2). Our data showed that UVB ...
Sun Chunyan - - 2006
Resveratrol has been proposed to act as a chemopreventive agent in numerous epidemiologic studies and has been shown to inhibit proliferation of various tumor cells in vitro. In the present study, we investigated the antitumor effects of resveratrol on multiple myeloma (MM) cells and the mechanisms involved. Our findings indicated ...
Kurebayashi Junichi - - 2006
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies. Although multidisciplinary treatments have been introduced, patients with this disease rarely survive longer than 1 year. These findings prompted us to investigate the antitumor activity of molecular targeting agents in thyroid cancer cells. Two tyrosine kinase inhibitors, gefitinib and ...
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