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Results 251 - 300 of 1000
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Gomez J A - - 2007
We found that Ku70, a known DNA repair factor, has a novel function to bind and inhibit Bax (Bcl-2-associated X protein), a key mediator of apoptosis. Pentapeptides derived from the Bax-binding domain of Ku70 were cell-permeable and protected cells from Bax-mediated apoptosis. These pentapeptides were called BIPs (Bax-inhibiting peptides). BIPs ...
Hu Sheng - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the antihepatocellular carcinoma effects of chi-shen extract (CSE) from the water-soluble compounds of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Paeoniae radix. METHODS: The effect of CSE on the growth of HepG2 cells (hepatocellular carcinoma cell line) was studied by 3-(4,5)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Apoptosis were detected through acridine orange (AO) and ...
Ai Xiao-Hong - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the effect of 5, 7-dihydroxy-8-nitrochrysin (NOChR) on apoptosis of human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cell line. METHODS: SGC-7901 cells were cultured in vitro and the inhibitory effect of NOChR on proliferation of SGC-7901 cells was measured by using an MTT assay. NOChR-induced apoptosis rate of SGC-7901 cells was ...
Wuillème-Toumi Soraya - - 2007
Survival of multiple myeloma cells is essentially dependent on Mcl-1 protein that neutralizes the pro-apoptotic function of Bim and prevents activation of death effectors. To clarify the relationship between Mcl-1 and Bim, we generated cell lines silenced for Mcl-1 (shMcl-1) or Bim (shBim). We demonstrate that Mcl-1 and Bim proteins ...
Dasmahapatra Girija - - 2007
PURPOSE: Interactions between the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib (Bay 43-9006) and the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat were examined in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells sensitive and resistant to imatinib mesylate. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: K562, LAMA 84, and primary CML patient-derived CD34(+) mononuclear cells were exposed to vorinostat followed by sorafenib, after which ...
Roy Karnati R - - 2007
C-PC (C-phycocyanin) is a water-soluble biliprotein from the filamentous cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis with potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancerous properties. In the present study, the effect of C-PC was tested on the proliferation of doxorubicin-sensitive (S-HepG2) and -resistant (R-HepG2) HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) cell lines. These studies indicate a 50% decrease in ...
Chen Jin-Cherng - - 2007
Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, has been found to inhibit the proliferation of several kinds of cancer cells; however, the effects of celecoxib on glioma cells are not clear. A172 glioma cells were treated with various concentrations of celecoxib for 4, 24 or 48 h. Cytotoxic drug effects were studied by ...
He Dong-Mei - - 2007
Bcl-2, a prominent member of the family of proteins, is responsible for dys-regulation of apoptosis and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This study investigated whether small hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting Bcl-2 could render A549 cells more susceptible to gamma radiation-induced apoptosis. Recombinant Bcl-2 shRNAs expression vector were transfected into A549 ...
Cheng Yajun - - 2007
Curcumin has been shown to inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in colon cancer cells. The metabolism of sphingomyelin has implications in the development of colon cancert. We examined whether curcumin affects the enzymes that hydrolyse sphingomyelin in Caco-2 cells. The cells were cultured in both monolayer and polarized conditions ...
Chai Chee-Yin - - 2007
Arsenic is a well-known toxic and carcinogenic agent, and associated with various human malignancies, including skin, lung and bladder cancers. Paradoxically, arsenic trioxide has been used successfully in the treatment of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia. In addition, arsenic could induce cell apoptosis or autophagy in malignant cells. However, the ...
Guo Xiao-Ning - - 2007
Mutations in the PIK3CA gene are common in human cancers, including colon cancer. We compared two pairs of colon cancer cells (HCT116 and DLD1) bearing only the wild-type (WT) or mutant (MUT) PIK3CA allele for their survival capacity under stress conditions in vitro as well as their metastatic properties in ...
Kim Dae Won - - 2007
The main treatment for chondrosarcoma is surgical resection with a wide margin. However, there are certain chondrosarcomas, such as those found in the pelvis and the spine, which cannot be resected adequately with surgery alone. Unfortunately, most chondrosarcomas are resistant to radiation and chemotherapy. Radiation and chemotherapy are thought to ...
Adamson Lars - - 2007
When Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were grown in suspension and deprived of serum, 40% of them became apoptotic after 72 hours, as determined by flow cytometry analysis of TUNEL-labelled cells. Cell viability, assessed by erythrocin B staining, decreased correspondingly. An increase in the total fraction of cells expressing interleukin ...
Subramanian Chitra - - 2007
The cytotoxic mechanism of the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI) Trichostatin A (TSA) was explored in a neuroblastoma (NB) model. TSA induces cell death in neuroblastic-type NB cells by increasing the acetylation of Ku70, a Bax-binding protein. Ku70 acetylation causes Bax release and activation, triggering cell death. This response to TSA ...
Ming Yan-lin - - 2007
20-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-20(S)-protopanaxadiol (IH-901), a novel intestinal bacterial metabolite of ginseng protopanaxadiol saponins, is reported to induce apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells. We purified the compound and measured its in vitro anti-tumor activity. IH-901 inhibited cell growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC7721 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We ...
Sommer P - - 2007
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive tumour with an abysmal prognosis. These cancers are characteristically resistant to glucocorticoid (Gc) action, owing to impaired expression of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). We identified reduced GR expression in human SCLC cell lines, compared to a non-SCLC cell line. The SCLC cells ...
Palozza Paola - - 2007
In the present study, we utilised an in vitro digestion procedure to deliver molecules contained in tomatoes to cultured cells and to analyse potential mechanisms underlying the antitumoural effects of tomatoes reported in the literature. Ripe tomatoes underwent in vitro simulated digestion and the aqueous fraction obtained was delivered to ...
Valentin-Santiago, Mayda
Although many studies have investigated the pro- and anti-apoptotic functions of the Bcl-2 family of proteins, it has been found that the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL molecules also have a role in the cell cycle. It has been shown that cells that overexpress either Bcl-2 or Bcl-xL exhibit enhanced cell ...
LaPensee Elizabeth W - - 2007
Liposarcoma, a malignancy of adipose tissue, is the most common soft tissue sarcoma. Patients whose primary tumor cannot be resected or those who have developed metastasis, have poor prognosis since liposarcomas are highly resistant to chemotherapy. We recently generated a spontaneously immortalized cell line, named LS14, from a patient with ...
Shroff Emelyn H - - 2007
Anoxia, the condition of oxygen deprivation, induces apoptosis via the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Cells deficient in both Bax and Bak do not undergo cell death during anoxia. However, the underlying mechanism of anoxia induced cell death is not well defined. Here we report our latest findings of two critical events ...
Otake Yoko - - 2007
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by the accumulation of clonal B cells that are resistant to apoptosis as a result of bcl2 oncogene overexpression. Studies were done to determine the mechanism for the up-regulation of bcl-2 protein observed in CD19+ CLL cells compared with CD19+ B cells from ...
Horikawa Youhei - - 2007
Resistance to chemotherapeutic agents is one of the distinct features of cancer cells. We evaluate the role of activated MEK-ERK signaling in Camptotecin/irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced cell death using constitutively activated MEK1-transfected normal rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-caMEK cells). A CPT-11-induced inhibitory concentration of 50% was determined by WST assay. Apoptosis was ...
Opitz I - - 2007
Taurolidine and povidone-iodine (PVP-I) are used in every day clinical practice, taurolidine as a broad spectrum antibiotic, and PVP-I as an antiseptic. The type of cell death induced in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) cell lines by these agents was compared, and their ability to sensitize to chemotherapy assessed. Both taurolidine ...
Liu Hui - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on apoptosis and proliferation of hepatoma cell lines. METHODS: Human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and BEL 7402 were cultured in medium supplemented with different concentrations of UDCA, normal human hepatic line L-02 was used as control. Cell proliferation, apoptosis and gene ...
Lev-Ari Shahar - - 2007
This study was performed to evaluate whether down-regulation of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) synthesis by celecoxib treatment is associated with inhibition of cell growth in human colon carcinoma cell lines. Physiologic concentrations of celecoxib (5-10 microM) inhibited 80% to 90% of PGE(2) production in HT-29 cells that express high levels of ...
Wang Feng-Ze - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the effect of Hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP) on cell proliferation. METHODS: A rabbit antibody against HBXIP was generated. The RNA interference (RNAi) fragment of the HBXIP gene was constructed in the pSilencer-3.0-H1 vector termed pSilencer-hbxip. Plasmids of the pcDNA3-hbxip encoding HBXIP gene and pSilencer-hbxip were transfected ...
Rubio Sara - - 2007
Melatonin is an indoleamine that is synthesized in the pineal gland and has an extensive repertoire of biological activities. In the present study, we found that melatonin reduced the growth of the human myeloid leukemia cells HL-60, inhibiting progression from G(1) to S phase of the cell cycle and increasing ...
Zhang Zhenzhong - - 2007
A nanosize delivery system (NDS) for oligonucleotides (ODNs) was established, and the effects mediated by NDS containing the antisense oligonucleotides (ASODNs) for hTERT mRNA on EC9706 cells were investigated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. The inhibitory effects of ASODNs-NDS on EC9706 cells proliferation had ...
Gotsiridze Tina - - 2007
Neuron number in the principal nucleus of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNSTp) is greater in adult male mice than in females. Deletion of the proapoptotic gene, Bax, increases the number of BNSTp cells in adulthood and eliminates the sex difference in cell number. Here, we map the ...
Gao Jian - - 2007
Various proteins involved in transcriptional regulation possess highly selective DNA-binding domains, known as zinc fingers. However, little is known about small-molecule zinc(II) complexes in the regulation of gene expression and programmed cell death. A new family of zinc(II) complexes is reported, which might be useful against human cancer cells. By ...
Mitsunaga Makoto - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the roles of Bax and p53 proteins in photosensitivity of human colon cancer cells by using lysosome-localizing photosensitizer, ATX-S10Na (II). METHODS: HCT116 human colon cancer cells and Bax-null or p53-null isogenic derivatives were irradiated with a diode laser. Early apoptosis and cell death in response to photodynamic ...
Fan Yue-Zu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder carcinoma is a lethal malignant neoplasm with dismal surgical results. Unfortunately, the adjuvant therapies for gallbladder carcinoma such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also disappointing. We reported that norcantharidin (NCTD), a demethylated form of cantharidin, which is an active ingredient of the Chinese medicine Mylabris, was used against ...
Li Yan - - 2007
Lycorine is a natural anti-tumor alkaloid extracted from Amaryllidaceae and has various biological effects on malignant cells. The present study explores the effects of lycorine on the human multiple meyloma cell line, KM3, and the possible mechanisms of these effects. An MTT assay showed that lycorine had significant inhibitory activity ...
Pérez-Galán Patricia - - 2007
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma resistant to conventional chemotherapy. The Bcl-2 pathway is deregulated in these tumors and may represent an interesting target for new therapeutic strategies. The new small-molecule pan-Bcl-2 inhibitor GX15-070 mimics BH3-only proteins by binding to multiple antiapoptotic Bcl-2 members. Here we show ...
Luciano Frederic - - 2007
Defects in apoptosis mechanisms play important roles in malignancy and autoimmunity. Orphan nuclear receptor Nur77/TR3 has been demonstrated to bind antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 and convert it from a cytoprotective to a cytodestructive protein, representing a phenotypic conversion mechanism. Of the 6 antiapoptotic human Bcl-2 family members, we found that Nur77/TR3 ...
Ye, Weiping
Gossypol possesses anticancer activities against a variety of tumor cell lines, and (-)-gossypol is more potent than racemic gossypol. (-)-Gossypol-enriched cottonseed oil [(-)-GPCSO] is more practicable to be developed as a chemo-preventive agent, but, the effects of (-)-GPCSO on human breast cancer cells are still not clear. Our experiments found ...
Raiyon, Maria Leny
The diagnosis of oral dysplastic and malignant disease has become more challenging&#13;than ever, even with the availability of advanced techniques and methods in molecular&#13;bioscience. Advances in molecular biosciences have made it possible for early detection&#13;of cancer cells before this can be noted histopathologically by morphological changes.&#13;As a concept in the ...
Ahn Kwang-Sung - - 2007
Dysfunction in apoptosis has been suggested to play an important role in the development of a distant metastasis. The Bcl-2 gene plays a key role in the response to chemotherapeutic agents, and its upregulation protects the cells from apoptosis by inactivating the Bax proteins through heterodimerization of Bcl-2/Bax. However, there ...
Russo Francesco - - 2007
Previous in vivo studies have suggested that lactobacilli can exert anti-proliferative effects on the gastric epithelium. However, few data are available on their mechanisms of action. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of increasing concentrations of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (L. GG) homogenate on cell growth ...
Jiang Xia - - 2007
Overexpression of the oncogene c-Myc sensitizes many apoptotic signals through the activation of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. However, the underling mechanism has not been clearly defined. Here, we investigated the effect of c-Myc expression on histone deacetylase inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA)-induced apoptosis in rat fibroblast cells possessing various c-Myc levels. ...
Terkhorn S P - - 2007
The overall goal of the current study was to examine the functional activity of the prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) in maturing chondrocytes. Herein, we show for the first time that the PHDs are expressed in the maturing zone of the growth plate, and by a chondrocytic cell line. We determined if ...
Kim Min-Jung - - 2007
Extracts of Artemisia plants possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities. Eupatilin (5,7-dihydroxy-3',4',6-tri-methoxy-flavone), a pharmacologically active flavone derived from Artemisia asiatica, was shown to inhibit phorbol ester-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and NF-kappaB activation in mouse skin, and also to induce cell cycle arrest in ras-transformed human mammary epithelial (MCF10A-ras) cells. In this article, ...
Kim Eun Ji - - 2007
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM) is the major in vivo product of acid-catalyzed oligomerization of indole-3-carbinol, which is a promising anticancer agent present in cruciferous vegetables and has itself been reported to have anticarcinogenic properties. This study examined DIM-mediated regulation of apoptosis in the HCT116 (wild-type p53) and HT-29 (mutant p53) human colon ...
Rabi Thangaiyan - - 2007
25-Hydroxy-3-oxoolean-12-en-28-oic acid (Amooranin-AMR) is a triterpene acid isolated from the stem bark of a tropical tree (Amoora rohituka) grown wild in India. A herbal preparation used for the treatment of cancer by the Ayurvedic system of medicine contains the stem bark of Amoora rohituka as one of the ingredients. In ...
Sugimoto Takeshi - - 2007
Suppression of Bcl-2 expression can overcome cellular resistance to apoptosis induced by the adenovirus type 5 gene E1A in models of ovarian and breast cancer. Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, is known to downregulate Bcl-2 expression. We hypothesized that celecoxib would enhance E1A-induced apoptosis by suppressing Bcl-2 through suppressing COX-2 ...
Chen Chun-Liang - - 2007
Stat3 has been classified as a proto-oncogene and constitutive Stat3 signaling appears to be involved in oncogenesis of human cancers. However, whether constitutive Stat3 signaling plays a role in the survival and growth of osteosarcomas, rhabdomyosarcomas, and soft-tissue sarcomas is still unclear. To examine whether Stat3 is activated in osteosarcomas, ...
Schwulst Steven J - - 2007
The anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein has the remarkable ability to prevent cell death from several noxious stimuli. Intriguingly, Bcl-2 overexpression in one cell type has been reported to protect against cell death in neighboring non-Bcl-2 overexpressing cell types. The mechanism of this "trans" protection has been speculated to be secondary to ...
Zhu Xin - - 2007
Tributyltin (TBT) is one of the environmental pollutants, which is mostly accumulated in marine animals. The toxic effects of TBT have been extensively documented in several types of cells, but the molecular mechanisms responsible for TBT-induced cell damage are still not fully elucidated. The present study was undertaken to evaluate ...
Brunelle Joslyn K - - 2007
How cells die in the absence of oxygen (anoxia) is not understood. Here we report that cells deficient in Bax and Bak or caspase-9 do not undergo anoxia-induced cell death. However, the caspase-9 null cells do not survive reoxygenation due to the generation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species. The individual ...
Oh Ji Eun - - 2006
Ceramide analogs are potential chemotherapeutic agents. We report that a ceramide analog induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells. The ceramide analog induced cell death through an apoptotic mechanism, which was demonstrated by DNA fragmentation, the cleavage of poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), and a loss of membrane asymmetry. Treating ...
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