Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1000
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Yu Chunrong - - 2008
The effects of combining histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors and proteasome inhibitors were evaluated in both established glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell lines and short-term cultures derived from the Mayo Clinic xenograft GBM panel. Coexposure of LBH589 and bortezomib at minimally toxic doses of either drug alone resulted in a striking induction ...
Vukojevic Katarina - - 2008
The distribution of the bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 proteins was investigated in the cells of developing human spinal ganglia. Paraffin sections of 10 human conceptuses between 5th and 9th gestational weeks were analysed morphologically, immunohistochemically and by TUNEL-method. Cells positive to caspase-3 had brown stained nuclei or nuclear fragmentations. At ...
Edelmann J - - 2008
Microarray-based gene expression profiling (GEP) was used to study how stroma modulates the survival of CLL cells in an in vitro coculture model employing the murine fibroblast cell line M2-10B4. CLL cells cultured in direct contact with the stromal layer (STR) showed a significantly better survival than cells cultured in ...
Schwalm Kurt K Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Dr. SE, Albuquerque, NM 87108, - - 2008
The present studies were designed to determine whether our findings in mice showing that the Bcl-2-associated protein X (Bax), which plays a role in the resolution of allergen-induced mucous cell metaplasia, can be applied to asthma in humans. Immunostaining of autopsy tissues from mild and severe asthmatic subjects showed a ...
Soundararajan Sridharan - - 2008
We sought to determine whether nucleolin, a bcl-2 mRNA-binding protein, has a role in the regulation of bcl-2 mRNA stability in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Furthermore, we examined the efficacy of the aptamer AS1411 in targeting nucleolin and inducing bcl-2 mRNA instability and cytotoxicity in these cells. AS1411 ...
Itoh Shunji - - 2008
Tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome (TRPS) is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder caused by mutations of TRPS1. Based on the similar expression patterns of Trps1 and Gdf5, we hypothesized a possible functional interaction between these two molecules. Using a chondrogenic cell line (ATDC5), we investigated the association of Gdf5-mediated signaling pathways with Trps1 ...
Hongxing Zhang - - 2008
Human colon cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women worldwide. The c-Myc gene is frequently deregulated and overexpressed in this malignancy, and strategies designed to inhibit c-Myc expression in cancer cells may have considerable therapeutic value. We design and use short hairpin RNA (shRNA) ...
Luo Gang - - 2008
Lung cancer is the leading cause for cancer-related death worldwide and the effectiveness of current treatments is very limited. Here we reported that Nobiletin, an effective component of citrus fruit, has antiproliferative activity on lung cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. Cell viability and clonogenic assay showed that ...
Tian Zhi-yong - - 2009
Several naphthalimide polyamine conjugates were synthesized and evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity against human leukemia K562, murine melanoma B16, Chinese hamster ovary CHO cell lines. Both triamine moieties and the length of spacers were crucial in elevating the potency of 1,8-naphthalimide. The typical compounds 5a and 5d exhibited excellent cell ...
Yamashita Daisuke - - 2008
Proteins of the Bcl-2 family have been implicated in control of apoptotic pathways modulating neuronal cell death, including noise-induced hearing loss. In this study, we assessed the expressions of anti- and proapoptotic Bcl-2 genes, represented by Bcl-xL and Bak following noise exposures, which yielded temporary threshold shift (TTS) or permanent ...
Oh Jung Young - - 2008
Three different polysaccharide-peptide complexes (PPC, named as Fr-I, Fr-II, and Fr-III) were produced by submerged mycelial culture of an entomopathogenic fungus Cordyceps sphecocephala, and their anticancer activities were investigated in human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) and neuroblastoma (SK-N-SH) cells. The highest inhibitory effects of PPC on both HepG2 and SK-N-SH cells were ...
Subramaniam Dharmalingam - - 2008
CUGBP2, a translation inhibitor, induces colon cancer cells to undergo apoptosis. Mcl-1, an antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein, interferes with mitochondrial activation to inhibit apoptosis. Here, we have determined the effect of CUGBP2 on Mcl-1 expression. We developed a HCUG2 cell line by stably expressing CUGBP2 in the HCT-116 colon cancer ...
Boller Danielle - - 2008
PURPOSE: The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is frequently activated in human cancer and plays a crucial role in neuroblastoma biology. We were interested in gaining further insight into the potential of targeting PI3K/Akt signaling as a novel antiproliferative approach in neuroblastoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The expression pattern and functions of class ...
Park Margaret A - - 2008
Melanoma differentiation associated gene-7/interleukin 24 (mda-7/IL-24) is a novel cytokine displaying selective apoptosis-inducing activity in transformed cells without harming normal cells. The studies by Yacoub et al. (Mol Cancer Ther 2008; 7:314-29) further defines the mechanism(s) by which a GST-MDA-7 fusion protein inhibits cell survival of primary human glioma cells ...
Rujkijyanont Piya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Shwachman-Diamond syndrome is an inherited multisystem disorder characterized by bone marrow and pancreatic dysfunction as well as metaphyseal dysostosis. Ninety percent of the patients have mutations in the Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome gene (SBDS). The relationship between SBDS and cell survival is unknown. In this study we investigated whether deficiency of ...
Fang Fang - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of compound N-[2-(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethyl]-2-(2,5-dimethoxy-phenyl)-3-(3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-acrylamide (compound FLZ), a novel synthetic analogue of nature squamosamide, on Abeta25-35-induced toxicity and its active mechanism in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. METHODS: SH-SY5Y cells were pre-incubated with various concentrations of compound FLZ for 30 ...
Ke Malcolm S - - 2008
To examine the clinical applicability of Pc 4, a promising second-generation photosensitizer, for the photodynamic treatment of lymphocyte-mediated skin diseases, we studied the A431 and Jurkat cell lines, commonly used as surrogates for human keratinocyte-derived carcinomas and lymphocytes, respectively. As revealed by ethyl acetate extraction and absorption spectrophotometry, uptake of ...
Dai Yun - - 2008
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to characterize interactions between the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (HDACI) romidepsin or belinostat in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Primary and cultured (JVM-3 and MEC-2) CLL cells were exposed to agents alone or in combination, after ...
Ushmorov A - - 2008
N-myc has proapoptotic functions, yet it acts as an oncogene in neuroblastoma. Thus, antiapoptotic mechanisms have to be operative in neuroblastoma cells that antagonize the proapoptotic effects of N-myc. We conditionally activated N-myc in SH-EP neuroblastoma cells subjected to the trophic stress of serum or nutrient deprivation while changing the ...
Anekonda Thimmappa S - - 2008
To determine whether resveratrol, a natural plant-derived drug, has protective effects against antibody-induced apoptosis of retinal cells in vitro and to provide insights on the mechanism of resveratrol protection. E1A.NR3 retinal cells pretreated with 40 muM resveratrol were grown in the presence of anti-recoverin (Rec-1), anti-enolase (Enol-1) antibodies, and normal ...
Qin Dong-Yun - - 2008
This study examined the effects of arsenic trioxide on apoptosis and interleukin-4 release in T cells of asthmatic patients in vitro and investigated the role of Bcl-2 in the active mechanism. T cells were isolated from asthmatic patients (n = 21) and healthy controls (n = 20), and then treated ...
Jiang W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Genetic modification of natural killer (NK) cells is a potential approach to gene-based immunotherapy of cancer. We created human interleukin-15 (hIL-15) gene-modified NKL cells and investigated their functional characterization in vitro. METHODS: A recombinant vector (pcDNA3-IL15) or control vector (pcDNA3) was transferred into NKL cells by an electroporation method. ...
Bazan Nicolas G - - 2008
The integrity of retinal pigment epithelial cells is critical for photoreceptor cell survival and vision. The essential omega-3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid, attains its highest concentration in the human body in photoreceptors. Docosahexaenoic acid is the essential precursor of neuroprotectin D1 (NPD1). NPD1 acts against apoptosis mediated by A2E, a ...
Walters Denise K - - 2008
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), one of the main components of the Indian spice turmeric, is known to possess potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. In addition, curcumin has also been shown to have in vitro and in vivo efficacy against a variety of malignancies. In the current study we examined the cytotoxic effect ...
Fan Jing - - 2007
AIM: To understand the role and significance of side population (SP) cells from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatocarcinogenesis, development, relapse and metastasis, we simulated the denutrition conditions that cancer cells experience in clinical therapy, observed the different anti-apoptosis ability of SP cells and non-SP cells under such conditions, and established ...
Shinwari Zakia - - 2008
Medulloblastomas arise in the cerebellum and are the most common pediatric primary malignant brain tumors. Currently, medulloblastoma patients are best treated with surgical removal of the tumor, adjuvant radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The chemotherapeutic agents that showed efficiency against medulloblastomas include lomustine and vincristine. However, the effects of these drugs ...
Dong Xiarong - - 2007
To explore the effects of Tanshinone II A on the proliferation, apoptosis and gene expression of p53 and bcl-2 in human gastric carcinoma MKN-45 cells. Cell count and MTT assay were used to study the proliferation-inhibiting effect of Tanshinone II A on MKN-45 cells. The effect of Tanshinone II A ...
Yasuda Megumi - - 2007
Erythropoietin supports the survival of erythroblasts. We previously demonstrated that 24 malignant human cell lines expressed erythropoietin and its receptor and that erythropoietin secretion was enhanced under anoxia. In this study, we examined the viability of 22 of these cell lines excluding two leukemia cell lines under anoxia. Twenty-two cancer ...
Gillissen Bernhard - - 2007
B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) homology domain 3 (BH3)-only proteins of the Bcl-2 family are important functional adaptors that link cell death signals to the activation of Bax and/or Bak. The BH3-only protein Nbk/Bik induces cell death via an entirely Bax-dependent/Bak-independent mechanism. In contrast, cell death induced by the short ...
Akuzawa Natsuyo - - 2007
Midkine (MK) is a heparin binding growth factor having functions of neurite-outgrowth, mitogenesis and tissue repair. This molecule is involved in tumor growth and metastasis. The MK molecule consists of five exons, but there is a truncated isoform, lacking exon 3. We established SW13 cells transfected with the human truncated ...
Cecchinato V - - 2008
T acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines treated with hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) undergo a delay in cell cycle progression and increase susceptibility to apoptosis, although they never overcome the differentiation block. In accordance with changes in cell cycle and apoptosis, transitory p53 pathway activation commonly occurs. Bcl-2 inhibition further favours the ...
Miyake Koich - - 2008
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital red-cell aplasia in which 25% of the patients have a mutation in the ribosomal protein (RP) S19 gene. It is not known how the RPS19 deficiency impairs erythropoiesis and proliferation of hematopoietic progenitors. To elucidate molecular mechanisms in RPS19-deficient DBA, we analyzed the effects ...
Ducasse E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Disordered programmed cell death may play a role in the development of superficial venous incompetence. We have determined the number of cells in apoptosis, and the mediators regulating the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways in specimens of varicose vein. METHODS: Venous segments were obtained from 46 patients undergoing surgical treatment ...
Peng Bo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke has been commonly used to treat cancer in Asian countries of centuries, and more recently, has been shown to possess anticancer properties in vivo and in vitro. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism of its anticancer action. In the present study, we investigated ...
Xu MaoJun - - 2007
Bax, a mammalian pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, has been demonstrated to be a potential regulatory factor for plant secondary metabolite biosynthesis recently. To investigate the molecular mechanism of Bax-induced secondary metabolite biosynthesis, we determined the contents of nitric oxide (NO) of the transgenic Catharanthus roseus cells overexpressing a ...
Craxton Andrew - - 2007
BH3-only Bcl-2 homologs are key regulators of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. In particular, Bim, is critical for mediating apoptosis of hematopoietic cells including B cells. While studies using Bcl-2 Tg mice have defined an important role for Bcl-2 in cell cycle control, the role of BH3-only proteins is less clear. ...
Tophkhane Chaitali - - 2007
Genistein is a soy isoflavone with anti-tumor properties. Genistein-induced apoptosis involves Bcl-2 downregulation. However, overexpression of Bcl-2 in breast cancer has been associated with better prognosis and response to hormonal therapy. To examine genistein's effect on breast cancer cells with different Bcl-2 levels, we established control (MCF-7/PV) and Bcl-2 overexpressing ...
Akita Kazumi - - 2007
To determine the effects of cobalt chloride on human submandibular gland cells, HSG cells were exposed to various concentrations of cobalt chloride. Cobalt chloride induced cytotoxicity and cell death in HSG cells as determined by phase-contrast microscopy and WST-1 cell viability assay. By using the Hoechst 33342 staining, marked nuclear ...
Singh, J
Objectives: Lantadene A (LA, 22β -angeloyloxy-3-oxoolean-12-en-28-oic acid) a pentacyclic, triterpenoid isolated from the leaves of the obnoxious weed, Lantana camara L. was evaluated for apoptosis induction in the human leukemia HL-60 cell line. Materials and Methods : The effect of LA on cell proliferation of HL-60 cancer cells was determined ...
Rashmi R - - 2008
The BH3-only protein BIK normally induces apoptotic cell death. Here, we have investigated the role of BCL-2 in BIK-induced cell death using Bcl-2+/+ and Bcl-2-/- mouse embryo fibroblasts. Ectopic expression of BIK in Bcl-2-/- cells resulted in enhanced cell death compared to Bcl-2+/+ cells. In these cells, while caspase-8 was ...
Fennell D A - - 2008
Bortezomib (Velcade, PS341) was licensed in 2003 as a first-in-class 20S proteasome inhibitor indicated for treatment of multiple myeloma, and is currently being evaluated clinically in a range of solid tumours. The mechanisms underlying its cancer cell toxicity are complex. A growing body of evidence suggests proteasome inhibition-dependent regulation of ...
Lantner Frida - - 2007
Most mature follicular B cells circulate within the periphery in a quiescent state, without actively contributing to an acute immune response. Lasting B-cell persistence in the periphery is dependent on survival signals that are transduced by cell surface receptors. We recently demonstrated that cell surface CD74 controls mature B-cell survival. ...
Baradari Viola - - 2007
To investigate the antiproliferative effect of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 on cholangiocarcinoma cells alone and in combination with conventional cytostatic drugs (gemcitabine or doxorubicin) or the novel anticancer agents sorafenib or bortezomib. Two human bile duct adenocarcinoma cell lines (EGI-1 and TFK-1) were studied. Crystal violet staining was ...
Xue Liang-yan - - 2007
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an efficient inducer of apoptosis in many types of cells, except in cells deficient in one or more of the factors that mediate apoptosis. Recent reports have identified autophagy as a potential alternative cell death process following PDT. Here we investigated the occurrence of autophagy after ...
Flanagan Sheryl A - - 2007
Guanosine initiated apoptosis in NB4 cells in a transport-dependent manner. Apoptosis was partially attributed to an imbalance in nucleosides with some protection upon the addition of pyrimidines. The effect of guanosine on cell proliferation and viability was biphasic whereby cells were able to recover from an initial cell cycle arrest ...
Kleban Ján - - 2007
One proposal to increase the efficiency of photodynamic therapy (PDT) is to accompany photosensitization with other treatment modalities, including modulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a combined modality approach employing 48 and 24 h pretreatment with various inhibitors of ...
Nelyudova Anna - - 2007
E1A+ras-transformed rodent fibroblasts are unable to be arrested in the cell cycle and die by apoptosis in response to cytostatics, ionizing radiation (IR), or serum withdrawal. Overexpression of the human antiapoptotic gene bcl-2 suppresses apoptosis and induces reversible cell cycle arrest after IR or serum withdrawal and cell senescence after ...
Liu Qing - - 2008
FTY720 is an immunosuppressant developed to prevent organ transplant rejection. Recent studies indicate an additional role for FTY720 in inducing cell apoptosis. We demonstrate here that FTY720 mediates toxic effects in cell lines representing different B-cell malignancies and primary B cells from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In contrast ...
Yang Yong - - 2007
Gambogic acid (GA) is the major active ingredient of gamboge, a brownish resin exuded from Garcinia hanburryi tree in Southeast Asia. In this study, we compared the different apoptotic induction of GA on human normal embryonic hepatic L02 cells and human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells by detecting growth inhibition, observing morphological ...
Zhang Nanfei - - 2007
PURPOSE: In normal eyes and in diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell survival is critically important. Bcl-x(L) has been shown to be among the most highly expressed survival factors in cultured human RPE cells. In the current study the effect ...
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