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Wei Yan-lin - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the effects and mechanism of berbamine on imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL-positive human leukemia K562 (K562-r) cells in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Cell viability was measured by MTT assay, and apoptotic morphology changes were detected by fluorescence microscopy. The apoptosis rate was measured ...
Satomi Yoshiko - - 2009
The monoterpene D-limonene shows cancer preventative and cancer therapeutic activities in vitro and in vivo. Unlike plants, animals are unable to synthesize limonene de novo and obtain limonene through dietary sources. In the present study we established transgenic mouse embryonic NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells that produce limonene by introducing the ...
Tsukahara S - - 2009
The brain contains several sexually dimorphic nuclei that exhibit sex differences with respect to cell number. It is likely that the control of cell number by apoptotic cell death in the developing brain contributes to creating sex differences in cell number in sexually dimorphic nuclei, although the mechanisms responsible for ...
Forger N G NG Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroendocrine Studies, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2009
The hormonal control of cell death is currently the best-established mechanism for creating sex differences in cell number in the brain and spinal cord. For example, males have more cells than do females in the principal nucleus of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNSTp) and spinal nucleus of ...
Liu Wei - - 2009
We recently established that asparanin A, a steroidal saponin extracted from Asparagus officinalis L., is an active cytotoxic component. The molecular mechanisms by which asparanin A exerts its cytotoxic activity are currently unknown. In this study, we show that asparanin A induces G(2)/M phase arrest and apoptosis in human hepatocellular ...
Li Rongxiu R Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2009
Overexpression of Bcl-X(L), an antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family member, occurs in a majority of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and correlates with chemotherapy resistance in this disease. Overexpression of Bcl-2 is also observed in HNSCC, albeit less frequently. We have previously shown that peptides derived from the BH3 domains ...
Harikumar Kuzhuvelil B - - 2009
The authors found in an earlier study that Phyllanthus amarus extract could significantly inhibit the solid and ascites tumor development in mice induced by Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) cells. In the present study, the apoptotic effects of P. amarus against DLA cells in culture was evaluated. P. amarus produced significant ...
Singh Kamaleshwar P - - 2009
Epidemiological and experimental studies have shown that cadmium is carcinogenic to human and experimental animals, however, the mechanism of cadmium-induced carcinogenesis is not clear. The aberrant expression of cell cycle and DNA repair genes resulting in increased cell proliferation and genomic instability are the characteristic features of cancer cells. The ...
Liu Hong-Yu - - 2009
AIM: BAG-1 is a multifunctional anti-apoptotic gene with four isoforms, and different BAG-1 isoforms have different anti-apoptotic functions. In this study, we transfected BAG-1 isoforms into the human breast cancer cell lines Hs578T (ER negative) and MCF-7 (ER positive) to study their effect on apoptosis with or without estrogens. METHODS: ...
Shi Qiang - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glutamine showed potential cytoprotective activity probably due to induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). We thus investigated the effect of glutamine in vitro on anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) injury of renal tubular epithelial cells. METHODS: Human proximal renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were subjected to A/R with or without glutamine, after which ...
Stravopodis Dimitrios J - - 2009
Doxorubicin is an important component of combination therapy for muscle-invasive urinary bladder cancer. Treatment with this topoisomerase II poison is able to interfere with cell cycle progression and lead to cancer cell death. Using FACS analysis, Western immunoblotting and semi-quantitative RT-PCR, we studied the effects of doxorubicin on cell cycle ...
Ondrousková Eva - - 2009
The Bcl-2 protein is one of the key components of biochemical pathways controlling programmed cell death. The function of this protein can be regulated by posttranslational modifications. Phosphorylation of Bcl-2 has been considered to be significantly associated with cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, and ...
Xie Xian-kuan - - 2009
AIMS: Studies on cancer biology have shown that overexpression of oncogenes (with or without functional loss of tumor suppressor genes), which is responsible for the progression of human malignancies via a multistep process, may be reduced by antisense technology. Caffeine enhances the effect of cisplatin (CDDP) chemotherapy on osteosarcoma cells. ...
Li-juan Bian - - 2009
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a multifunctional cytokine, but cell apoptosis related to HGF in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and the potential mechanisms involved have not yet been identified. In this study, we aimed at determining whether HGF is a potent inhibitor of cell apoptosis in NPC, and tried to find ...
Xiong Wenbi - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Shikonin derivatives have cytotoxic and antitumor effects. This study aims to investigate the antitumor effects of acetylshikonin isolated from a Chinese medicinal herb Arnebia euchroma (Royle) Johnst. METHODS: The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol- 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to determine the in vitro antitumor effects of acetylshikonin on human lung ...
Zhang Yong - - 2009
We investigated the inhibitory effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting survivin gene on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human renal clear cell carcinoma 786-O cells. qRT-PCR, immunocytochemistry, and Western Blot were used to detect Survivin gene expression in 786-O cells. Cell proliferation was determined by BrdU assay and PCNA ...
Gao Ming-Qing - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the cellular and molecular mechanism of cytotoxicity induced by Haishengsu (HSS), nature extract from Tegillarca granosa, toward human ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3. METHODS: The cytotoxic effects of HSS on two ovarian cancer cell lines were tested by XTT assay. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle ...
Azmi Asfar S AS Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit Michigan, - - 2009
A critical regulator of the apoptotic machinery is the Bcl-2 family proteins whose over expression confers a protective effect on malignant cells against death signals of apoptosis. Cancer cells that are resistant to various anti-cancer drugs and treatment regimen are found to over express these Bcl-2 proteins such as Bcl-2, ...
Chen Jianguang - - 2009
Pan-histone deacetylase inhibitors, for example, vorinostat and panobinostat (LBH589; Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ), have shown clinical efficacy against advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). However, the molecular basis of this activity remains unclear. HDAC7, a class IIA histone deacetylase (HDAC), is overexpressed in thymocytes, where it represses expression of the ...
Lee Jung-Chang - - 2008
Paired box gene 9 (Pax9) and c-myb are transcription factors that regulate the expression of the genes involved in mediating cell proliferation, resistance to apoptosis, and migration. However, the function of Pax9 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is virtually unknown. This study examined the anti-apoptotic roles of Pax9 and ...
Pinto-Silva C R Carvalho - - 2008
Domoic acid (DA) is a neurotoxin produced by sea-water phytoplankton. Shellfish feeding on the phytoplankton can bioconcentrate DA, leading to a potentially serious health hazard for people consuming the contaminated shellfish. DA is the principal toxin responsible for amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). The toxic mechanism of DA is believed to ...
Santos A - - 2008
When designing molecular targeted therapeutic strategies against cancer, it is important to correlate protein expression and cell viability. However, such goal can be difficult if performed in separate assays, especially when only a fraction of cells has been efficiently transfected. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to establish ...
Gabriel Ute - - 2008
We report on cytotoxic effects of bcl-2 and bcl-xL antisense-oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs) in benign urothelial and transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell lines. The benign urothelial cell line (UROtsa) and four TCC cell lines (UM-UC-3, RT 112 , HT 1197 and T 24/83) were incubated with bcl-2 and bcl-xL AS-ODNs and cell ...
Holmes M M MM Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2009
The principal nucleus of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNSTp) is larger in males than in females of several species. We previously demonstrated that in mice lacking the pro-death gene, bax, total BNSTp cell number is increased and sex differences in cell number are eliminated. This suggests that ...
Wu G-J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the volatile anesthetic isoflurane induces neuroprotection and that the endogenous opioid peptide dynorphin induces neurocytotoxicity in cells. The levels of dynorphin are often significantly elevated in neuropathophysiological conditions, and dynorphin can directly induce toxicity. However, the neuroprotective effects of isoflurane on dynorphin-induced cytotoxicity are ...
Lam Le - - 2009
We recently showed that estrogen withdrawal from the ERalpha(+), high Bcl-2-expressing breast carcinoma cells (MCF-7B) reduced Bcl-2 protein levels while increasing cell-cell adhesion, and junction formation. Here we compared these cells with the ERalpha(+) and low Bcl-2-expressing MCF-7 cells and with the normal mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10-2A not expressing ...
Majors Brian S - - 2008
Transient gene expression (TGE) provides a method for quickly delivering protein for research using mammalian cells. While high levels of recombinant proteins have been produced in TGE experiments in HEK 293 cells, TGE efforts in the commercially prominent CHO cell line still suffer from inadequate protein yields. Here, we describe ...
Waladali Wafi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) is primarily a stromal disease. Smooth muscle cells are the major cellular components of stroma. Estrogen may directly stimulate Bladder Neck smooth muscle cells (BSMC). However, little information has been gathered on the mechanism of how the estrogen affects the BSMC in vitro. The purpose ...
Yuan Dong - - 2009
Livin is highly expressed in most tumor tissues and could inhibit the tumor cells apoptosis. Knockdown of endogenous livin expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells could inhibit cell growth. But it is still unclear if knockdown of endogenous livin expression combined with conventional chemotherapy could play a positive ...
Saraga-Babic M - - 2008
The spatial and temporal pattern of appearance of pro-apoptotic caspase-3 and p53 proteins, and anti-apoptotic bcl-2 protein was investigated in the developing pituitary gland of 6 human embryos 5-8-weeks old, using morphological and immunohistochemical techniques. Their dynamic appearance was analyzed in the Rathke's pouch (future adenohypophysis), mesenchyme, and in the ...
Janumyan Yelena - - 2008
BCL2 and BCL-x(L) facilitate G(0) quiescence by decreasing RNA content and cell size and up-regulating p27 protein, but the precise mechanism is not understood. We investigated the relationship between cell cycle regulation and the anti-apoptosis function of BCL2 and BCL-x(L). Neither caspase inhibition nor abrogation of mitochondria-dependent apoptosis by BAX ...
Hagen Susan J SJ Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2008
Corpus-predominant infection with Helicobacter pylori (HP) results in the activation of programmed cell death pathways in surface, parietal, and chief cells. At present, mechanisms that regulate these pathways to result in HP-associated pathology are not fully understood. Because it is not known which survival and death pathways are present in ...
Wu Zheng-mei - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the protective effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) on high glucose-induced apoptosis of human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) and the possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: The cultured HLEC were allotted into 6 groups: normal group, high glucose group, low-, moderate-, and high-dose GBE group, and the bendazac lysine ...
Valentin Mayda - - 2008
Cell cycle arrest in G(0) and autophagy have features in common, but the inter-relationship between the two processes is not well defined. The anti-apoptosis molecules BCL-2 and BCL-x(L) promote G(0) arrest through upregulation of p27 protein, which can also induce autophagy. We tested the hypothesis that autophagy was involved in ...
Su Chin-Cheng - - 2008
Tanshinone IIA (C19H18O3) was extracted from danshen (Salviae miltiorrhizae radix). It has cytotoxic properties and induces apoptosis in many human cancer cells. The molecular mechanisms are poorly understood, therefore, in the present study, we aimed to elucidate its anticancer activity on human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. The cytotoxic effects of ...
Okamoto Kyoko - - 2008
To explore the metabolic effects of Bcl-2 in tumor cells, a stable clone of HuH-7/bcl-2 and its control HuH-7/neo were established. Mitochondrial localization of ectopic Bcl-2 was demonstrated both by western blotting and immunofluorescence. HuH-7/bcl-2 cells consumed glucose at a higher rate, exhausted the available cellular ATP and died on ...
Ok Yong-Ju YJ Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2009
The purposes of this study were to measure the cytotoxic effect of CKD-602 on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines, to evaluate the apoptotic aspect of dead cells, and to identify the signaling molecules involved in apoptosis. The human OSCC cell lines A253, HSC-3 and KB were treated with ...
Li Zhong - - 2008
Genistein, an isoflavonoid present in soybeans, exhibits anti-carcinogenic effects. Several studies have shown that genistein inhibits cell proliferation and triggers apoptosis in human breast cancer cells. In this study, we assessed the role of the MEK-ERK cascade in the regulation of genistein-mediated cell apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells. The results indicate ...
Hetschko Holger - - 2008
Here, we investigated the specific roles of Bcl-2 family members in anoxia tolerance of malignant glioma. Flow cytometry analysis of cell death in 17 glioma cell lines revealed drastic differences in their sensitivity to oxygen withdrawal (<0.1% O(2)). Cell death correlated with mitochondrial depolarization, cytochrome C release, and translocation of ...
Chen Jung-Chou JC Graduate Institute of Chinese Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2009
Gypenosides (Gyp), a component of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino, was selected for examining the effects on the cell viability, cell cycle and induction of apoptosis in human tongue cancer SCC-4 cells. Gyp induced cytotoxicity (decreased the percentage of viable cells) in SCC-4 cells appeared to be associated with induction of cell ...
Castino Roberta - - 2009
The ovarian cancer cell lines A2780 (wild-type p53) and NIHOVCAR3 (mutated p53) showed, respectively, sensitivity and resistance towards several chemotherapy drugs. We hypothesized that the two cell lines differ in their ability to activate the intrinsic death pathway and have, therefore, dissected the lysosome-mitochondrion signalling pathway by pharmacological inhibition or ...
Lin Dingsheng - - 2008
Detachment of adherent cells from extracellular matrix results in apoptosis, a process termed "anoikis". Resistance to anoikis is implicated in the progression of many malignancies by facilitating the migration and eventual colonization of distant sites. Human kidney epithelial cells 293T, human osteoblast cells hFOB 1.19 and human osteosarcoma cells Saos-2 ...
Mackenzie Gerardo G - - 2008
Although treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) with a multi-drug approach has been very successful, its toxicity becomes evident after several years as secondary malignancies and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the current goal in HL treatment is to find new therapies that specifically target the deregulated signaling cascades, such as NF-kappaB and ...
Galante Joseph M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anoikis is a special type of programmed cell death after loss of cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Resistance to anoikis is likely involved in the process of metastasis, specifically during the tumor cell migration through lymph or vascular channels. We have previously shown that BCL-2 confers resistance to other ...
Yuan FangJun - - 2008
Cryotherapy has been shown to be an important therapeutic alternative to surgery in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, the influence of cryo-chemotherapy on HCC was examined in vitro using the human HCC cell line Bel-7402, a drug-resistant HCC cell line originating from Bel-7402 cells (Bel-7402/R), as well as ...
Niapour Maryam - - 2008
The c-Myc transcription factor is commonly dysregulated in cancer. c-Myc also sensitizes cells to apoptosis induced by a variety of toxic events. c-Myc turnover is rapid and mediated by the proteasome and intracellular calpains. Therefore, c-Myc accumulation could contribute to cell death associated with protease inhibitors. We investigated the response ...
Martin Aditi Pandya AP Department of Biochemistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0035, - - 2008
We have defined some of the mechanisms by which the kinase inhibitor lapatinib kills HCT116 cells. Lapatinib inhibited radiation-induced activation of ERBB1/2, extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2, and AKT, and radiosensitized HCT116 cells. Prolonged incubation of HCT116 cells with lapatinib caused cell killing followed by outgrowth of lapatinib-adapted cells. Adapted cells ...
Albamonte Mirta S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Germ cell number during ovarian organogenesis is regulated through programmed cell death. We investigated the expression of germ-cell-specific VASA protein, apoptosis-related proteins BAX and BCL-2 and DNA fragmentation in developing human ovaries from gestation week 12 to term. METHODS: Human fetal ovaries from 13 women undergoing spontaneous abortion were ...
Zhang Meixia - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of cucurbitacin B on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell growth and apoptosis, and to explore the potential mechanisms. METHODS: In vitro viability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) was investigated using a 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Morphologic changes of cells were evaluated ...
Monaghan T K - - 2008
The neurotrophic actions of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP)-38 and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) were investigated in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Effects on differentiation were assessed through monitoring morphological changes and Western blot analysis of the expression of neuronal marker proteins. In contrast to PACAP-38, which induced a 5.5-fold increase ...
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