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Fellenberg Jörg - - 2010
Chemoresistance is the principal reason for poor survival and disease recurrence in osteosarcoma patients. Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase type II (IMPDH2) encodes the rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo guanine nucleotide biosynthesis and has been linked to cell growth, differentiation, and malignant transformation. In a previous study we identified IMPDH2 as ...
Tanabe Hideyuki - - 2010
Matricellular proteins, including periostin, modulate cell-matrix interactions and cell functions by acting outside of cells. In this study, however, we reported that periostin physically associates with the Notch1 precursor at its EGF repeats in the inside of cells. Moreover, by using the periodontal ligament of molar from periostin-deficient adult mice ...
Zhou Youxin - - 2010
Studies have shown that Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is involved in tumorigenesis. Recently, we found that 9 out of 12 human glioma cell lines had high level of DKK-1 protein while the other 3 had very low or non-detectable level of DKK-1. The aim of this study is to further examine the ...
Colié Sandra - - 2009
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid metabolite involved in cancer development through stimulation of cell survival, proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. Irreversible degradation of S1P is catalyzed by S1P lyase (SPL). The human SGPL1 gene that encodes SPL maps to a region often mutated in cancers. To investigate the effect ...
Liang Yun - - 2009
AIM: We sought to investigate the effect of berbamine on the growth of human multiple myeloma cell line KM3 and elucidate the mechanism of its action. METHODS: MTT assay was used to determine the inhibitory effect of berbamine alone or combined with chemotherapeutic drugs. Flow cytometry was performed to characterize ...
Wang Xianghong - - 2009
This study examined the effects of ursolic acid (UA) on the proliferation and apoptosis of a human ovarian cancer cell line, CAOV3. The CAOV3 cells were cultured in the RPMI 1640 media and treated with different concentrations of UA (0, 10, 20, 40 micromol/L). The proliferation rate of the CAOV3 ...
Jeong Seung Hun - - 2009
Bcl-2 protects cancer cells from the apoptotic effects of various chemotherapeutic agents. Inhibition or downregulation of Bcl-2 represents a new therapeutic approach to bypass chemoresistance in cancer cells. Previously we designed and synthesized the resveratrol analogue HS-1793 displaying stronger antitumor efficacy than resveratrol and further demonstrated the HS-1793 resistance conferred ...
Ray J E - - 2010
We have previously reported that matador/Bcl-2 ovarian killer (Mtd/Bok), a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, regulates human trophoblast apoptosis and that its levels are elevated in severe preeclamptic pregnancy. Herein, we show that Mtd is also involved in the regulation of proliferation in normal and pathological placentae. Mtd was ...
Simonin Karin - - 2009
Chemoresistance of ovarian carcinoma has been associated previously to the absence of Bcl-x(L) expression downregulation in response to cisplatin. Among BH3-mimetic molecules constituting promising anticancer agents able to inhibit the activity of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, we evaluated the effect of one of them, HA14-1, on various ovarian carcinoma cell ...
Martin Aditi Pandya AP Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2009
Prior studies demonstrated that resistance to the ERBB1/2 inhibitor Lapatinib in HCT116 cells was mediated by increased MCL-1 expression. We examined whether inhibition of BCL-2 family function could restore Lapatinib toxicity in Lapatinib adapted tumor cells and enhance Lapatinib toxicity in naive cells. The BCL-2 family antagonist Obatoclax (GX15-070), that ...
Ferenc Peter - - 2010
Presented experiment considers combination of genistein and photodynamic therapy with hypericin with a view to achieve higher therapeutic outcome in human breast adenocarcinoma cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, both identified in our conditions as photodynamic therapy resistant. Since genistein is known to suppress Bcl-2 expression, we predicted that photodynamic therapy ...
Zheng Y L - - 2010
Novel anti-angiogenesis activity of fascaplysin via VEGF blockage was recently revealed by our previous study in addition to the reported cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) selective inhibition. To uncover more details of this pharmacologically prospective property, this study further investigated whether fascaplysin had direct anti-proliferation effects on human umbilical vein endothelial ...
Bogner Christian - - 2010
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an incurable mature B cell proliferation, combining the unfavourable clinical features of aggressive and indolent lymphomas. The blastic variant of MCL has an even worse prognosis and new treatment options are clearly needed. We analysed the effects of BL22, an immunotoxin composed of the Fv ...
Xiaoxin Ma - - 2009
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the effect of aspirin on human Ishikawa adenocarcinoma endometrium cell proliferation and apoptosis and its related mechanism through in vitro experiments. METHODS:: The effects on Ishikawa adenocarcinoma endometrium cell proliferation and cell cycle of aspirin at different intervals and concentrations were determined with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method and ...
Chien Ching-Ming - - 2009
Cardiotoxin III (1), a basic polypeptide with 60 amino acid residues isolated from Naja naja atra venom, has potential therapeutic activity in cancer. Treatment with 1 reduced phosphorylation of EGFR and Akt, as well as ERK in Ca9-22 cells. Moreover, 1-treatment inhibited constitutive activation of STAT3 and STAT5 in a ...
Kim In Su - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat (Asteraceae) has (CM) long been used in Korean and Chinese traditional herbal medicines with numerous therapeutic applications. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the neuroprotective activities of Chrysanthemum morifolium (CM) extract against 1-methyl-4-phenylpridinium ions (MPP(+)), Parkinsonian toxin through oxidative stress and impaired energy metabolism, in ...
Liu Zhi-Hua - - 2010
In the individual application of adriamycin, mitomycin, vindesine and their combined application with tamoxifen for the pre-treatment of the human cholangiocarcinoma cell line QBC939, QBC939 was determined by MTT assay to investigate the inhibitive effect and its initial mechanism of TAM on cell growth. Growth cycle and apoptosis of each ...
Düssmann H - - 2010
Mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilisation (MOMP) during apoptosis is triggered by the activation and oligomerisation of Bax and Bak, but a quantification of these processes in individual cells has not yet been performed. Single-cell imaging of Bax translocation and oligomerisation in Bax-deficient DU-145 cells expressing CFP-Bax and YFP-Bax revealed that both ...
Jiang Lei - - 2010
PURPOSE: To address the role of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, E2C/UbcH10, in astrocytic carcinogenesis. METHODS: Expression pattern of UbcH10 in U251 glioma cells was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western blot. RNA interference was employed to downregulate UbcH10 expression in U251 cell line. The effect of UbcH10 silencing on cell proliferation was assessed ...
Gao Xiaohuan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of radioresistance in rectal cancer remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine mechanisms of radioresistance in rectal cancer cells and to assess the role of the nitric oxide donor DETANONOate as a radiosensitizing agent. METHODS: Survival was determined by clonogenic assays, apoptosis by PARP-1 cleavage, and phenotypic differences by Western ...
Chang Hsiang-Lin - - 2009
It is suggested that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K/Akt) pathway may lead to tamoxifen (Tam) resistance in the estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha)-positive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7. Our previous results demonstrated that keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) down-regulates ER-alpha expression and increases Tam resistance in MCF-7 cells. Therefore, we hypothesized that a possible ...
Vijayalingam S S Institute for Molecular Virology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1100 South Grand Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63104, - - 2009
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are one of the leading causes of cancer deaths world wide. Up-regulation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and BCL-2 family anti-apoptosis proteins in these cancers is linked to aggressive tumor growth, metastasis and chemoresistance. Infection of two HNSCC cell lines, SCC25 ...
Wei Jun J Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2009
Guided by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) binding assays and computational docking studies, a series of 5,5' substituted apogossypol derivatives was synthesized that resulted in potent pan-active inhibitors of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins. Compound 8r inhibits the binding of BH3 peptides to Bcl-X(L), Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and Bfl-1 with IC(50) values of ...
Roy Marie-Jos?e - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiologic studies support an association between diet and the incidence of colorectal cancer. Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid present in dietary fiber and dairy products, is a potential anticarcinogenic compound. We previously showed that carnitine can enhance the bioavailability of butyrate in vivo. In the present study, we evaluated ...
Keilhoff Gerburg - - 2010
Altered neuroplasticity contributes to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. However, the idea that antipsychotics may act, at least in part, by normalizing neurogenesis has not been consistently supported. Our study seeks to determine whether hippocampal cell proliferation is altered in adult rats pretreated with ketamine, a validated model of schizophrenia, and ...
Majors Brian S - - 2009
Bioreactor stresses, including nutrient deprivation, shear stress, and byproduct accumulation can cause apoptosis, leading to lower recombinant protein yields and increased costs in downstream processing. Although cell engineering strategies utilizing the overexpression of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L) potently inhibit apoptosis, no studies have examined the ...
Nagata Masahide - - 2009
Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1), a member of the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) family, has been reported to be a critical survival factor in hematopoietic cells, yet little data exists for a role of Mcl-1 in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). A high level expression of Mcl-1 was observed in tumor ...
Kuang Rong - - 2009
We have investigated the protective effects of echinacoside (ECH), one of the phenylethanoid glycosides, on H(2)O(2)-induced cytotoxicity in the rat pheochromocytoma cell line (PC12 cells). Our data show that application of ECH to H(2)O(2)-injured PC12 cells (HIPCs) increased cell viability and decreased the apoptotic ratio. Flow cytometry (FCM) and laser ...
Savion S - - 2009
Bax was shown previously to regulate apoptotic cell death in various experimental systems, however, its involvement in teratogen-induced apoptosis is not clear yet. Therefore, we explored the involvement of Bax in the response of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) to the anti cancer drug methotrexate (MTX), using Bax wild type (WT) ...
Bazan Nicolas G NG Neuroscience Center of Excellence and Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 2020 Gravier Street, Suite D, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. - - 2009
Deficiency in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is associated with impaired visual and neurological postnatal development, cognitive decline, macular degeneration, and other neurodegenerative diseases. DHA is an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acyl chain concentrated in phospholipids of brain and retina, with photoreceptor cells displaying the highest content of DHA of all cell membranes. ...
Wang Hongquan - - 2009
Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of AD. It can cause cell death in AD by evoking a cascade of oxidative damage to neurons. So antioxidant compounds may throw a light on the treatment of AD. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of acteoside ...
Haag Petra - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO), comprising a CD33 antibody linked to the toxin calicheamicin, represents a novel and promising targeted therapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The more definite mechanisms by which GO exerts its cell death-inducing propensity, and thus how sensitivity and resistance to GO are regulated, still remain to ...
Yow Christine M N - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the early apoptotic events elicited by mTHPC-mediated photo-cytotoxicity were explored in a human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line (NPC/HK1). METHODS AND MATERIALS: NPC/HK1 cells (5 x 10(3)) were incubated with photosensitizer mTHPC (0.8 microg/ml) in chamber slides for 20h and subjected to light irradiation at 2J/cm(2) (LD(80)). ...
Walker Teneille T Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0035, - - 2009
We examined the interaction between the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib and histone deacetylase inhibitors. Sorafenib and vorinostat synergized (sorafenib + vorinostat) to kill HCT116 and SW480 cells. In SW480 cells, sorafenib + vorinostat increased CD95 plasma membrane levels and promoted death-inducing signal complex (DISC) formation, and drug toxicity was blocked by ...
Kizildag Sefa - - 2010
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is a very important phenomenon in cytotoxicity induced by anticancer treatment. 1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)), the active metabolite of vitamin D, inhibits the growth of multiple types of cancer cells including breast, colon, and prostate cancer cell lines. We studied alterations in the mRNA expression levels ...
Tan Xiang-Wen XW Laboratory of Medicine Engineering, Medical College, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410006, Hunan Province, - - 2009
To investigate the effect of 5-allyl-7-gen-difluoromethylenechrysin (ADFMChR) on apoptosis of human liver carcinoma HepG2 cell line and the molecular mechanisms involved. HepG2 cells and L-02 cells were cultured in vitro and the inhibitory effect of ADFMChR on their proliferation was measured by MTT assay. The apoptosis of HepG2 cells was ...
Dose Marei - - 2009
The molecular requirements for invariant Valpha14-bearing natural killer T cells (iNKT) in the thymus are poorly understood. A minute population of approximately 500 newly selected CD69(+)CD24(+) stage 0 (ST0) iNKT cells gives rise to approximately 100 times more CD44(neg/lo)CD24(-) stage 1 (ST1) cells, which then generate similar frequencies of CD44(hi)CD24(-) ...
Palozza Paola - - 2009
The growth-inhibitory effects of the astaxanthin-rich Haematococcus pluvialis were studied in HCT-116 colon cancer cells. H. pluvialis extract (5-25 microg/ml) inhibited cell growth in a dose- and time-dependent manner, by arresting cell cycle progression and by promoting apoptosis. At 25 microg/ml of H. pluvialis extract, an increase of p53, p21(WAF-1/CIP-1) ...
Zeng Yun Y Department of Pharmacology, West China Medical Center of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, - - 2009
To investigate the inhibitory effect of acetylshikonin on human gastric carcinoma cell line SGC-7901 and its mechanism. MTT assay was used to assess the inhibitory effect of acetylshikonin on proliferation of SGC-7901 cells. Apoptosis-inducing effect was determined by flow cytometry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling with Hoechst staining. ...
Zhang X - - 2009
Cyanide is a potent inhibitor of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism and produces mitochondria-mediated death of dopaminergic neurons and sublethal intoxications that are associated with a Parkinson-like syndrome. Cyanide toxicity is enhanced when mitochondrial uncoupling is stimulated following up-regulation of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2). In this study, the role of a pro-survival protein, ...
Li Yu - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of genistein postconditioning on hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced injury in human gastric epithelial cells and to begin a tentative discussion on the mechanism behind this protection. METHODS: A model of hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced injury was established in the human gastric epithelial cell line ...
Joubert Annie - - 2009
Proteins of the B-cell lymphoma 2 family are crucial for the regulation of apoptosis. B-cell lymphoma 2-associated X is a pro-apoptotic protein, while B-cell lymphoma 2 protein opposes apoptosis. The influence of 1 microM 2-methoxyestradiol was investigated on the expression levels of these two proteins in MCF-7 cells. 2-Methoxyestradiol exposure ...
Wu Ping-Ping - - 2009
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major constituent of green tea and has been identified as an excellent anticancer agent. Nevertheless, there are no reports to date about the molecular mechanisms and signal pathways of EGCG on the induction of apoptosis in human adrenal NCI-H295 cancer cells. The purpose of this study ...
Hauck Paula - - 2009
To understand the molecular basis for variable sensitivity to the BH3 mimetic drug ABT-737, the abundance of Bcl-2 family members was assayed in a panel of small cell lung cancer cell lines whose sensitivity varied over a 2-log range. Elevated Noxa and Bcl-2 levels directly correlated with sensitivity to ABT-737, ...
Chiu Tsung-Lang - - 2009
Curcumin (1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), is extracted from the plant Curcuma longa. It has cytotoxic effects and induces apoptosis in many human cancer cells but the molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of curcumin on human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. The cytotoxic effects of curcumin ...
Na Di - - 2009
This study examined the mechanism by which the gastric cancer cells lead to early peritoneal metastasis. HMrSV5 cells, a human peritoneal mesothelial cell line, were co-incubated with the supernatants of gastric cancer cells. Morphological changes of HMrSV5 cells were observed. The cell damage was quantitatively determined by MTT assay. The ...
Xiao Dong D Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, - - 2009
Garlic-derived organosulfur compounds (OSCs) are highly effective in affording protection against chemically induced pulmonary carcinogenesis in animal models. We now demonstrate that garlic constituent diallyl trisulfide (DATS) suppresses viability of cultured human lung cancer cell lines H358 (anon-small cell lung cancer cell line) and H460 (a large cell lung cancer ...
Wei Jun J Burnham Institute for Medical Research, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 90237, - - 2009
Guided by a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance binding assays and computational docking studies, we synthesized a library of 5,5' substituted Apogossypol derivatives as potent Bcl-XL antagonists. Each compound was subsequently tested for its ability to inhibit Bcl-XL in an in vitro fluorescence polarization competition assay and exert single-agent proapoptotic ...
Guo Y Y University of Rochester School of Medicine, NY 14642, - - 2009
von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is caused by germ-line mutations in the VHL tumor suppressor gene and is the most common cause of inherited renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Mutations in the VHL gene also occur in a large majority of sporadic cases of clear-cell RCC, which have high intrinsic resistance to ...
Dicou Eleni - - 2009
During embryonic and early postnatal development the combination of cell proliferation, migration, survival and cell death is intimately regulated. In the mouse embryo, significant numbers of primordial germ cells, the founder cells of the gametes, fail to migrate correctly to the genital ridges early in histogenesis. Studies in Bcl-2 associated ...
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