Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1001
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zhou Fei-Fei - - 2011
Elevated activity of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) plays crucial roles in tumorigenesis and disease progression by disproportionately increasing translation of mRNAs coding proteins that play significant roles in all aspects of malignancy, providing that eIF4E as an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we showed ...
Novakovic Josip - - 2011
The distribution of the Ki-67, bcl-2 and caspase-3 proteins was immunohistochemically analyzed in the developing human upper jaw (5th-10th gestational weeks). During this period, proliferative activity gradually decreased from higher levels at the earliest stages (50-52%) to lower levels, both in the jaw ectomesenchyme and in the epithelium. The highest ...
Wang Ju-Feng - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that Bmi-1 is overexpressed in a variety of tumors, suggesting that Bmi-1 plays an important role in tumorigenesis. In this study, we investigated the effect of Bim-1 siRNA on cell proliferation, cell cycle, cell apoptosis and migration of human esophageal carcinoma EC9706 cells, and explored its ...
Zheng Jing-Yi - - 2010
Optical scatter imaging is used to estimate organelle size distributions in immortalized baby mouse kidney cells treated with 0.4 microM staurosporine to induce apoptosis. The study comprises apoptosis competent iBMK cells (W2) expressing the proapoptotic proteins Bax/Bak, apoptosis resistant Bax/Bak null cells (D3), and W2 and D3 cells expressing yellow ...
González-Puertos Viridiana Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Development of hepatic fibrosis is a complex process that involves oxidative stress (OS) and an altered balance between pro- and anti-apoptotic molecules. Since Bcl-2 overexpression preserves viability against OS, our objective was to address the effect of Bcl-2 overexpression in the hepatic stellate cells (HSC) cell-line CFSC-2G ...
Kurtulus Sema S Division of Immunobiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2010
Maintenance of T-cell homeostasis is critical for normal functioning of the immune system. After thymocyte selection, T cells enter the peripheral lymphoid organs, where they are maintained as naive cells. Transient disruption of homeostasis occurs when naive T cells undergo antigen-driven expansion and acquire effector functions. Effector T cells then ...
Chen Zhe - - 2010
Anti-tumor activity of bakuchiol, an analogue of resveratrol, was investigated on human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line. MTT assay revealed that IC(50) of bakuchiol at 72h was 9.58+/-1.12 micromol/l, much lower than that of resveratrol (33.02+/-2.35 micromol/l). Bakuchiol but not resveratrol elevated intracellular reactive oxygen species. Bakuchiol reduced mitochondrial membrane ...
Giltiay Natalia V NV Department of Immunology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2010
The transitional stage is a key check-point for elimination of autoreactive B cells in the periphery. This selection process requires fine regulation of signals received through BCR and B cell activating factor (BAFF) receptor. We previously identified the adaptor molecule Act1 as a negative regulator of BAFF-mediated signaling. Deficiency of ...
Jiang Ning - - 2010
This study is to construct a lentiviral vector harbouring an RNA interference (RNAi) sequence that targets the gene encoding the human high-mobility group nucleosomal binding protein 1 (NSBP1); to study its role in inducing G(2)/M phase arrest and apoptosis in prostate cancer (PCa) DU145 cells; and to assess the effect ...
Zhong Ying Qiang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) on the growth of Capan-2 human pancreatic cancer cell and apoptosis. METHODS: Cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle were analyzed by cell counting and flow cytometry. mRNA and protein expressions of hTERT, Bcl-2 and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 were assessed by ...
Guo Wu-Hua - - 2011
To investigate the expression of SUMO-1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines and clinical HCC samples. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expressions of SUMO-1 in HCC cell lines, clinical HCC samples,and the non-neoplastic liver tissues adjacent to HCC. After transfection of SUMO-1 siRNA into HCC ...
Singh Balraj - - 2010
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a key role in breast cancer progression and metastasis. Effective therapeutic targeting of COX-2 would require the knowledge of whether a tumor is addicted to COX-2, and if we can counter the potential resistance to anti-COX-2 therapy. Herein we tested the hypothesis that celecoxib-resistance involves selection of ...
An Hua - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: Gastrodia elata (GE) Blume (Orchidaceae) has been traditionally used as a folk medicine in Oriental countries since centuries for their variety of therapeutic benefits. This study is an attempt to investigate the protective effects of GE extract against MPP(+)-induced cytotoxicity in human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells and ...
Song Renduo - - 2010
We explored the mechanisms of apoptosis after Bcl-2 protein downmodulation in metastatic LNCaP-LN3 cells (LN3). LNCaP, LNCaP-Pro5 (Pro5) and LN3 cells were cultured in 5% charcoal-stripped serum (CSS) or in R1881 (synthetic androgen) and bicalutamide (synthetic anti-androgen) and growth inhibition was assessed. Expression levels of androgen receptor (AR) and Bcl-2 ...
Kim Y - - 2010
AIM: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are beneficial micro-organisms that have been associated with several probiotic effects in both humans and animals. Here, using proteome analysis, we investigate the antitumour effects of cell-bound exopolysaccharides (cb-EPS) isolated from Lactobacillus acidophilus 606 on colon cancer cells and explore the proteins critical for their ...
Xu Ai-hui - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the cytotoxic effects of four cyclic bisbibenzyls, Riccardin C (Ric), Pakyonol (Pak), Marchantin M (Mar), and Plagiochin E (Pla) against chemoresistant prostate cancer PC3 cells. METHODS: Cell growth was assayed by MTT method, and apoptotic related protein Bcl-2 and Bax, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) were examined by Western ...
Métrailler-Ruchonnet Isabelle - - 2010
Bcl-2 is an anti-apoptotic molecule preventing oxidative stress damage and cell death. We have previously shown that Bcl-2 is able to prevent hyperoxia-induced cell death when overexpressed in a murine fibrosarcoma cell line L929. We hypothesized that its specific overexpression in pulmonary epithelial type II cells could prevent hyperoxia-induced lung ...
Wang Yin-He - - 2010
The overexpression of the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) has been reported to be associated with malignant transformation, tumor development and chemo- or radioresistance of tumor cells. Previously, we have reported that inhibition of IGF-1R could reverse the radioresistance of human osteosarcoma cells. However, whether inhibition of IGF-1R ...
Liu Yanfeng - - 2010
4-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin 7'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4' DPG), a new podophyllotoxin glucoside with a chemical structure similar to that of 4-demethylpicropodophyllotoxin 7'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4DPG), was isolated from the rhizomes of Sinopodophyllum emodi (Wall.) Ying (Berberidaceae). Like 4DPG and etoposide (VP-16), 4' DPG displayed dose- and time-dependent cytotoxic effects in HepG2 cells. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated ...
Lee Tae-Jin - - 2010
The prostate-apoptosis-response-gene-4 (Par-4) is up-regulated in prostate cells undergoing programmed cell death. Furthermore, Par-4 protein has been shown to function as an effector of cell death in response to various apoptotic stimuli that trigger mitochondria and membrane receptor-mediated cell death pathways. In this study, we investigated how Par-4 modulates TRAIL-mediated ...
Kim Sung-Ok - - 2010
Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones, increased in response to stress, can cause neuronal loss. We tested the effect of GC hormone on cell viability of neural SHSY-5Y cells and protective effects of ginsenoside Rb1 and Rg3 on the action of GC. We treated SHSY-5Y cells with increasing concentrations of synthetic GC dexamethasone ...
Bello Claudia - - 2010
Novel alpha-mannosidase inhibitors of the type (2R,3R,4S)-2-({[(1R)-2-hydroxy-1-arylethyl]amino}methyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-diol have been prepared and assayed for their anticancer activities. Compound 30 with the aryl group=4-trifluoromethylbiphenyl inhibits the proliferation of primary cells and cell lines of different origins, irrespective of Bcl-2 expression levels, inducing a G2/Mcell cycle arrest and by modification of genes involved ...
Qin Xue-Gong - - 2010
Matrine, one of the main active components extracted from dry roots of Sophora flavescens Ait (Leguminosae), has been reported to have anticancer effects on a number of cancer cell lines, but the anticancer mechanism of matrine remains elusive. This study shows that matrine also displays anticancer activity on human hepatocellular ...
Zhang Changde - - 2010
Deficiency in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is associated with impaired visual and neurological development, cognitive decline, macular degeneration, and other neurodegenerative diseases. DHA is concentrated in phospholipids of the brain and retina, with photoreceptor cells having the highest DHA content of all cell membranes. The discovery that neuroprotectin D1 (NPD1; 10R, ...
Qiu Shuiqing - - 2010
As a freshwater pearl mussel, Hyriopsis cumingii is widely cultured in China to produce pearls. This study was made to explore the antitumor activity of water-soluble polysaccharide (WSP) from mantles of H. cumingii. Cell viability of human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells was estimated by MTT method. Cell cycle analysis was determined ...
Smoot Rory L RL Division of Gastroenterologic and General Surgery, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2010
Apoptosis induction by BH3 mimetics is a therapeutic strategy for human cancer. These mimetics exert single-agent activity in cells "primed" for cell death. Primed cells are dependent upon antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins for survival and are characterized by the ability of the BH3 mimetic to induce cytochrome c release from their ...
Doeppner Thorsten R - - 2010
Endogenous neurogenesis persists in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the adult rodent brain. Cerebral ischemia stimulates endogenous neurogenesis involving proliferation, migration and differentiation of SGZ-derived neural precursor cells (NPC). However, the biological meaning of this phenomenon is limited by poor survival of NPC. In order to study the effects of ...
Zhang Yanmin - - 2010
The present study was to evaluate the effects of Ardipusilloside I isolated from Ardisia pusilla on the growth, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) expression and apoptosis of NCI-H460 cell line by MTT, ELISA and flow cytometer, respectively. The docking assay between Ardipusilloside I and VEGFR was studied by Sybyl/Sketch ...
Varin Emilie - - 2010
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive tumor with poor prognosis and limited response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Several lines of evidence support a role for the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-x(L) in MPM chemoresistance. Since it has been recently suggested that Mcl-1 cooperates with Bcl-x(L) for protection against cell death, we investigated ...
Li Xiaoming - - 2010
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is an oncogene aberrantly activated in many human tumors. We studied whether radiation combined with STAT3 siRNA enhances radiosensitivity of Hep-2 human laryngeal squamous carcinoma cells (Hep-2 cells). Firstly, STAT3 targeting recombinant plasmid was constructed. Hep-2 cells were transfected with expression vector ...
Lu Yun - - 2010
In this study, the effects of Stichopus japonicus acid mucopolysaccharide (SJAMP) on the apoptosis of the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 were examined. The underlying mechanism was investigated by determining the effect of SJAMP on the expression of Bcl-2 and nm23-H1 genes in HepG2 cells. In vitro cultured HepG2 ...
Zuo Jianhong - - 2010
Evidence shows that Bcl-2 family members play a direct role in the development of some human malignancies. However, the mechanism by which Bcl-2 may influence tumor cell invasion and metastasis remains unclear. Ectopic overexpression of Bcl-2 in the human squamous carcinoma cell line HSC-3 enhanced tumorigenicity and experimental pulmonary metastasis. ...
Sena Paola - - 2010
Human colorectal microadenomas are considered the earliest detectable premalignant lesions in the colon. They can be identified as aggregates of enlarged crypts with thicker epithelial linings and elongated luminal openings on the colonic mucosal surface after methylene blue staining and observation under a dissecting microscope. Multiple lines of evidence suggest ...
Chiu Tsung-Lang - - 2010
Tanshinone IIA (Tan-IIA) is extracted from Danshen and known to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in many cancer cells. We aimed to elucidate its anticancer activity and molecular mechanism in human lung cancer A549 cells. The cytotoxicity of Tan-IIA in A549 cells were measured by the MTT assay. The effects ...
Huang Dandan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Sedum sarmentosum Bunge, a Chinese herb, is mainly used for the treatment of chronic viral hepatitis in China, The aim of this work was to examine the cytotoxic activity of S. sarmentosum (aqueous extract, AE) against a human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) in culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell-proliferation ability ...
Ming Z J - - 2010
The effects and mechanisms of action of beta-aescin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), alone and in combination, were studied in human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells. Growth inhibition, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, Bcl-2 expression and caspase activity were assessed. The Isobole-method/interaction-index analysis was applied to evaluate the synergy, additivity or antagonism of these ...
Ji Yanhong - - 2010
Here we report that miR-26b is involved in COX-2 overexpression in desferrioxamine (DFOM)-treated carcinoma of nasopharyngeal epithelial (CNE) cells. The level of miR-26b in DFOM-treated CNE cells is inversely proportional to the expression level of the COX-2 protein. Overexpression of miR-26b in DFOM-treated CNE cells inhibits cell proliferation. A luciferase ...
Lucas Kirsten C - - 2010
Lithium, a prophylactic drug for the treatment of bipolar disorder, is prescribed with caution due to its side effects, including renal damage. In this study porcine LLC-PK1 renal tubular cells were used to establish the direct toxicity of lithium on proximal cells and gain insights into the molecular mechanisms involved. ...
Luo Xia X Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of selective P receptor (PR) modulator CDB4124 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in cultured human uterine leiomyoma smooth muscle (LSM) cells and control myometrial smooth muscle (MSM) cells in matched uteri. Laboratory research. Academic medical center. Premenopausal women (n = 12) undergoing hysterectomy for leiomyoma-related symptoms. ...
Huang Hsiang-Ling - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It is essential to subculture the cells once cultured cells reach confluence. For this, trypsin is frequently applied to dissociate adhesive cells from the substratum. However, due to the proteolytic activity of trypsin, cell surface proteins are often cleaved, which leads to dysregulation of the cell functions. METHODS: In ...
Golli-Bennour Emna El - - 2010
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) are important food-borne mycotoxins that have been implicated in human health. In this study, independent and combinative toxicities of AFB1 and OTA were tested in cultured monkey kidney Vero cells. The experiments reported here were conducted to evaluate the effect of these toxins ...
Zhang Q L - - 2010
There is a vast amount of evidence indicating that Bax plays a major role in the development, maintenance, and survival of neurons and neuron-supporting cells such as glial cells. The high potency of Bax small interfering RNA (siRNA), as shown by many experimental studies, makes it a rational candidate as ...
Abdullah Hasmah - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hydnophytum formicarium Jack is an epyphytic shrub that belongs to the family of Rubiaceae and is native to the tropical rain forests of the Asean region, which includes Malaysia. A flavanoid derivative, 7, 3', 5'-trihydroxyflavanone (3HFD), isolated from H. formicarium has been reported to have cytotoxic effects on the ...
Liu Qing - - 2010
Tian Xian Liquid (TXL) is a Chinese medicine decoction and has been used as an anticancer dietary supplement. The present study aims to investigate the effects of TXL on the apoptosis of HT-29 cells and tumor growth in vivo. HT-29 colon cancer cells were treated with gradient dilution of TXL. ...
Rubio Sara - - 2010
Betuletol 3-methyl ether (BME) is a natural phenylbenzo-gamma-pyrone that inhibits cell proliferation in human tumor cell lines and induces apoptotic cell death in HL-60 cells. Here we show that BME displays strong cytotoxic properties in several human leukemia cell lines (U937, K-562, THP-1, Jurkat, and Molt-3) and in cells that ...
Li Manyu - - 2010
Liuweidihuang wan (LW), initially a well-known formula for curing "wu chi wu ruan", is commonly used nowadays for clinical treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PO), but the identity of the effective substance(s) remains unclear. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of morroniside and loganin isolated from LW on ...
Song Huixue - - 2010
In vitro sensitivity testing of tumor cells could rationalize and improve the choice of chemotherapy and hormone therapy. In this report, a microfluidic device made from poly(dimethylsiloxane) and glass was developed for an assay of drug induced cytotoxicity. We evaluated the apoptotic and proliferation-inhibitory effects of anticancer drugs mitomycin C ...
Zall Henry - - 2010
Human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is very resistant to chemotherapy. ABT-737 is a novel inhibitor of anti-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family that has shown promise in various preclinical tumour models. We here report a strong over-additive pro-apoptotic effect of ABT-737 and etoposide, vinblastine or paclitaxel but not 5-fluorouracil in ...
Cheng Hsiao-Ling - - 2010
Our previous study showed that, in basal cell carcinoma cells, arecoline reduces levels of the tumor cell survival factor interleukin-6 (IL-6), increases levels of tumor suppressor factor p53, and elicits cell cycle arrest, followed by apoptosis. In preliminarily studies, we observed that arecoline induces detachment of the human-derived hepatoma cell ...
Balaiya Sankarathi - - 2010
Our study is aimed at evaluating the role of UVB light in inducing cytotoxicity in an in vitro model. RGC-5 and ARPE-19 cells were exposed to different time periods of UVB light: 0, 15, 30, and 45 min. They were subsequently examined for changes in cell morphology, cell viability (neutral ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >