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Results 801 - 850 of 1001
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Saito H - - 1998
We have demonstrated that sodium butyrate induces differentiation in human hepatoma cells; however, recent studies have shown that this agent causes apoptosis in some types of cancer cells. In this study, we examined whether sodium butyrate causes apoptosis in the human hepatoma cell lines, HCC-M and HCC-T. The growth of ...
Yawata A - - 1998
Bcl-2 and a Bcl-2-binding protein BAG-1 function in protection from apoptosis induced by a variety of stimuli. Deregulated expression of Bcl-2 leads to inhibition of apoptosis and is correlated with development of various cancers. Here, we provide evidence that prolonged cell survival introduced by overproduction of Bcl-2 or BAG-1 strongly ...
Motyl T - - 1998
TGF-beta1 is a multifunctional regulatory peptide (25 kDa) inducing growth arrest and apoptosis in many normal and neoplastic cells. In the present study, the involvement of proapoptotic (bax) and antiapoptotic (bcl-2) genes in the molecular mechanism of TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis of L1210 leukemic cells was investigated. Bax transcript was measured using ...
Wang H G - - 1998
The Bcl-2 protein blocks a distal step in an evolutionarily conserved pathway for programmed cell death and apoptosis. The gene encoding this protein was first discovered because of its involvement in the t(14;18) chromosomal translocations commonly found in B-cell lymphomas. Overexpression of Bcl-2 also occurs in many other types of ...
Kyokane K - - 1998
The growth of a tumour can be determined by an interplay between cell proliferation and loss. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2 and p53), cell proliferation (Ki-67), and apoptotic cell death were investigated using immunohistochemistry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labelling in gastric neoplams, to evaluate whether they ...
Zhang L X - - 1998
Seizure-induced neuronal damage may involve both excitotoxic and apoptotic (programmed cell death) mechanisms. In the present study, we used an amygdala kindled seizure model to study whether apoptotic cell death occurs. To evaluate apoptosis, we counted the numbers of cells that had DNA fragments labeled at the 3' end with ...
Johnson T S - - 1998
Treatment of the hamster fibrosarcoma cell lines (Met B, D and E) and BHK-21 hamster fibroblast cells with the glucocorticoid dexamethasone led to a powerful dose-dependent mRNA-synthesis-dependent increase in transglutaminase activity, which can be correlated with dexamethasone-responsive receptor numbers in each cell line. Increasing the number of dexamethasone-responsive receptors by ...
Kobayashi T - - 1998
Bax and Bcl-2 are a pair of important genes that control programmed cell death, or apoptosis, with Bax being the apoptosis promoter and Bcl-2 the apoptosis protector. Although the detailed mechanism is unknown, the protein products of these two genes form protein dimers with each other and the relative ratio ...
Yoshimura S - - 1998
PC12 cells undergo apoptosis as well as necrosis following exposure to hypoxia. Following a 6-h hypoxic treatment, a time-dependent increase in intracellular ceramide level was observed with a concurrent decrease in sphingomyelin. It was also shown that the hypoxia-induced ceramide accumulation resulted from activation of neutral magnesium-dependent sphingomyelinase. Comparative kinetic ...
Scaffidi C - - 1998
We have identified two cell types, each using almost exclusively one of two different CD95 (APO-1/Fas) signaling pathways. In type I cells, caspase-8 was activated within seconds and caspase-3 within 30 min of receptor engagement, whereas in type II cells cleavage of both caspases was delayed for approximately 60 min. ...
Terui Y - - 1998
Differentiation- and lineage-related differences in the expression of two anti-apoptotic molecules, bcl-x and bcl-2, were examined using various human hematopoietic cell lines. Bcl-x was strongly expressed in cell lines with erythroid and megakaryocytic properties (K562, HEL, CMK, and Mo7E), and was moderately expressed in immature myeloid cell lines (KG-1 and ...
Ali M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The dolastatins are natural peptides which inhibit microtubule assembly and induce apoptosis in a number of malignant cell types. In small cell lung cancer (SCLC), bcl-2 overexpression is very common and appears to be a mediator of cell growth and treatment-resistance, suggesting that bcl-2 is a rational target for ...
Scheid S - - 1998
We used synthetic RNA transcripts to prove the cleavage capability of ribozymes targeted against bcl-2-related RNAs. No cleavage occurred when control oligonucliotides were used. To assess the functional role of the specific ribozymes in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell lines we cultured K562, BV173, and Daudi cells for 48 h ...
Hisahara S - - 1998
ced-9, a member of the bcl-2 gene family in Caenorhabditis elegans plays a central roles in preventing cell death in worms. Overexpression of human bcl-2 can partially prevent cell death in C. elegans. However, it remains to be elucidated whether ced-9 can regulate cell death when expressed in other organisms. ...
Ishibashi Y - - 1998
A trace amount of the pro-apoptotic factor human Bax was sufficient to kill host Escherichia coli (Asoh, S., Nishimaki, K., Nanbu-Wakao, R., and Ohta, S., submitted). The region of Bax lethal to E. coli cells was determined by introducing truncated human bax mutant genes. A peptide corresponding to amino acid ...
López-Hoyos M - - 1998
Cell death is a common event during B cell development. The demise of developing B cells is a regulated process that serves to select cell populations bearing functional receptors and to remove cells that are no longer needed or potentially autoreactive. Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL, two members of the bcl-2 gene ...
Sheng H - - 1998
Previously, we have shown that forced expression of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase-2 [also called cyclooxygenase (COX) 2] leads to inhibition of programmed cell death in intestinal epithelial cells. More recently, we have demonstrated that growth of human colonic cancer xenografts is inhibited by treatment with a highly selective COX-2 inhibitor in ...
Wang Q - - 1998
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a mitogen and a survival factor in fibroblasts and endothelial cells. It acts as an angiogenesis factor in breast cancer, but paradoxically inhibits proliferation in several breast cancer cell lines. In this study, we investigated the effects of bFGF on the survival of MCF-7 ...
Siegel D S - - 1998
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a B cell malignancy characterized by the expansion of monoclonal Ig-secreting plasma cells with low proliferative activity. It is postulated that inhibition of physiologic cell death is an underlying factor in the pathophysiology of MM. The development of chemoresistance is a common feature in patients with ...
KaƂuza J - - 1998
The aim of the study was to determine the survival of cells in the infiltration zone of the glia-derived primary tumors of the central nervous system and in the core of the tumor tissue with the use of immunocytochemical methods. According to the recent studies the proper functional relation of ...
Zanjani H S - - 1998
The Lurcher mutant has been extensively studied as a model for cell-autonomous and target-related cell death, yet there are still many unknowns concerning the mechanisms of neuronal degeneration in this mutant. As a key regulator of apoptosis, a bcl-2 transgene has been overexpressed in the heterozygous Lurcher mutant to investigate ...
Naumovski L - - 1998
Although the Bcl-2 protein inhibits apoptosis (programmed cell death) of lymphoid cells induced by a variety of stimuli, its effects on myeloid cell short- and long-term survival after chemotherapy are less defined. We sought to elucidate the short- and long-term effect of Bcl-2 in a well-studied myeloid cell line (HL-60) ...
Strom D K - - 1998
Interleukin 3 (IL-3)-dependent 32D.3 myeloid cells are an attractive model system for the analysis of hematopoietic cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. In these cells, E2F-3, E2F-4, and DP-1 are regulated by both IL-3 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), whereas E2F-1 was expressed at low levels and was not regulated by ...
Fujieda S - - 1998
CD40 plays a critical role in the humoral immune response, especially in B-cell proliferation, differentiation, production of antibody, secretion of cytokines, and apoptosis. Here, we examined CD40 expression on six head and neck cancer cell lines by flow cytometry. Only the HTC/C3 cell line, which originated from a thyroid cancer, ...
Wu D - - 1998
To determine the effects of lipotrope modification on breast cancer cell growth and cell death, the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was assigned to grow in one of three lipotrope treatment media for four days. The treatment media included lipotrope-control medium (LCM), containing all required lipotropes; lipotrope-deficient medium (LDM), ...
Screaton, Robert A.
Human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-Iinked cell surface glycoprotein which is overexpressed in several human cancers. CEA, and the CEA family members, non-specific crossreacting antigen (NCA) and biliary glycoprotein (BGP) are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and all mediate homotypic adhesion. Ectopic expression of CEA in rat L6 ...
Ferrer I - - 1997
Severe hypoxic-ischemic cerebral damage was produced in 8-day-old rats following permanent bilateral carotid artery occlusion and 15 min of ischemia. Cellular damage consisted of early necrosis and appearance of cells with apoptotic-like morphology (karyorrhectic cells) and cells with granular chromatin degeneration in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, thalamus, stratum and amygdala. ...
Vogelbaum M A - - 1997
Genes known to be involved in the regulation of apoptosis include members of the bcl-2 gene family, such as inhibitors of apoptosis (bcl-2 and bcl-xl) and promotors of apoptosis (bax). The authors investigated a potential approach for the treatment of malignant gliomas by using a gene transfection technique to manipulate ...
Fayyazi A - - 1997
Pilomatrixoma is a benign tumour of the cutaneous adnexa. Histologically, pilomatrixoma comprises masses of immature basophilic cells, small numbers of polygonal squamoid cells, few transitional cells, and clusters of 'shadow cells'. The mechanism leading to the formation of shadow cells is still unknown. Skin biopsy specimens of pilomatrixoma (n = ...
Lu J J - - 1997
The Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1) is essential for virus-induced B cell immortalization and can protect B lymphoma cell lines from apoptosis signals in vitro via induction of cellular Bcl-2 expression. However, we have reported that high-level expression of LMP-1 in epithelial cells (RHEK-1 cells) itself induces apoptosis. ...
Buske C - - 1997
The in vitro analysis of growth regulation in low-grade B non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) is hampered by the rapid apoptotic death of the malignant B cells ex vivo. A complex culture system, using murine CDw32 transfected fibroblasts (LTK-cells), IL-4 and anti-CD40 mAb, has been established for the propagation of normal mature ...
Levy Y - - 1997
Homeostasis of human B cell development is maintained by a complex network of cytoplasmic and surface expressed molecules. Abnormalities in this process may result in the expansion of malignant B cell precursors in B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). ALL cells share surface antigens with normal early precursor B cells. ...
Oh Y J - - 1997
Recent evidence demonstrates that the proto-oncogene product, Bcl-2 can protect cells from a variety of cell death-inducing stimuli. Because previous studies have demonstrated that protein kinase (PK) pathways may be involved in the regulation of cell death, we tested various PK inhibitors for their effects on cell death in a ...
Milner A E - - 1997
Bcl-2 can inhibit apoptosis induced by a variety of stimuli, including radiation and its presence in tumour cells would be expected to indicate poor prognosis. Bcl-2-expressing tumours, however, are often low-grade and highly responsive to therapy. To investigate this apparent paradox, we analysed in vitro the responses of Burkitt lymphoma ...
Miller T M - - 1997
Dissociated cerebellar granule cells maintained in medium containing 25 mM potassium undergo an apoptotic death when switched to medium with 5 mM potassium. Granule cells from mice in which Bax, a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member, had been deleted, did not undergo apoptosis in 5 mM potassium, yet did undergo an ...
Sundaresan A - - 1997
Retinoids have been shown to modulate cell growth and differentiation in a variety of human tumor cell types, but their effects on B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL-B) have not been explored. In this study, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in the free form and liposome-encapsulated form (L-ATRA) were used to determine effects ...
Manon S - - 1997
The characteristics of mitochondria of yeast cells expressing the pro-apoptotic gene Bax or coexpressing Bax and the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-xL have been investigated in whole cells, isolated mitochondria and permeabilized spheroplasts. It is found that Bax-induced growth arrest of yeast cells is related to two defects in the respiratory chain: ...
Shchepotin I B - - 1997
The aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms responsible for the growth inhibitory effect of hyperthermia and verapamil in human colon cancer cell line HT-29. Apoptotic cell death was verified by flow cytometry analysis. The effect of treatment with hyperthermia and verapamil on the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins ...
Kuwashima Y - - 1997
In situ estimation of DNA fragmentation by the nick end labelling (NEL) method, and immunohistochemical examination of Ki-67 proliferative antigen and bcl-2 products in human endometrial adenocarcinoma tissues were performed to provide answers to the following two questions; a) does apoptotic DNA fragmentation occur specifically in quiescent cells or in ...
Lee J U - - 1997
Cisplatin and VP-16 were used to study the induction of apoptosis in Panc-1 cells. Cisplatin and VP-16 inhibited the growth of Panc-1 cells. After 2 hours exposure to cisplatin or VP-16, attached and detached cells were subjected to TUNEL staining to calculate the ratio of apoptosis. In detached cells TUNEL ...
Tao X J - - 1997
Glandular epithelial cells of the human endometrium initiate apoptosis in the secretory phase of the cycle. To better understand the regulation of apoptosis in this paradigm of endocrine-regulated cell turnover, we studied the expression of the cell death regulatory genes, bax, bcl-2, and bcl-x, in human proliferative and secretory endometria ...
Huang D C - - 1997
The Bcl-2 family of proteins regulate apoptosis, some antagonizing cell death and others facilitating it. It has recently been demonstrated that Bcl-2 not only inhibits apoptosis but also restrains cell cycle entry. We show here that these two functions can be genetically dissociated. Mutation of a tyrosine residue within the ...
Ziegler A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The emergence of resistance to chemotherapy remains a major problem in the treatment of patients with small-cell lung cancer. Elevated expression of Bcl-2, a protein that inhibits programmed cell death or apoptosis, has been associated with radiation and drug resistance and has been observed in the majority of small-cell ...
König A - - 1997
Inorganic arsenic trioxide (As2O3) was recently shown to induce apoptosis in NB4 promyelocytic leukemic cells. We have investigated the effects of the organic arsenical, melarsoprol (a drug used for treatment of trypanosomiasis), upon induction of apoptosis in cell lines representative of chronic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. An Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B-prolymphocytic ...
Barroso M P - - 1997
Cells require serum to maintain growth in vitro. Serum provides growth and survival factors and its removal causes an oxidative stress that induces peroxidations in membrane lipids and development of programmed cell death (apoptosis) in some cells. Cells containing Bcl-2 are partially protected against both lipid peroxidation and apoptosis and ...
ter Harmsel B - - 1997
The equilibrium between cell proliferation and protection against apoptosis was studied immunohistochemically using monoclonal antibodies against Ki-67-Ag and bcl-2, respectively, in consecutive sections from normal and metaplastic cervical epithelia and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) lesions and cervical carcinomas. A high percentage of Ki-67-Ag positive cells was seen in the parabasal ...
Dellas A - - 1997
This is the investigation of the relationship between the neoplastic cell proliferation and the expression of bcl-2 and c-myc in human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative and HPV-positive cervical intraepithelial neoplasms (CIN). The expression of bcl-2 and c-myc was studied using quantitative immunohistochemistry in 20 specimens of normal cervical squamous epithelium and 73 ...
Takeda M - - 1997
Mouse terminal proximal tubule (S3)cells treated with staurosporine (STS) underwent morphological and biochemical changes characteristic of apoptosis. Treatment of S3 cells with STS, H-7, PMA, herbimycin A or genistein caused DNA fragmentation. STS inhibited the activity of protein kinase C but not of cdc-2 kinase in S3 cells. No change ...
von Freeden-Jeffry U - - 1997
Interleukin-7 (IL-7)-deficient mice exhibit an early defect in lymphopoiesis. We examined Bcl-2 expression and the cell cycle status of immature thymocyte subsets in these mice. In IL-7-deficient mice, developmental transition to a T cell-committed fate was accompanied by a striking loss of Bcl-2 protein expression and an increased relative proportion ...
Takaoka A - - 1997
Bcl-2 inhibits apoptosis from a variety of stimuli, and a Bcl-2-binding protein BAG-1 also functions in protection from apoptosis in concert with Bcl-2. Here, we provide evidence that prolonged cell survival introduced by overexpression of Bcl-2 or BAG-1 proteins strongly promotes experimental pulmonary metastasis of melanoma B16-BL6 cells. In murine ...
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