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Results 601 - 650 of 1001
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Esdar C - - 2001
Apoptosis is an integral part of neural development. To elucidate the importance of programmed cell death on cell lineage determination we utilized murine PCC7-Mzl cells, a model system for neural differentiation. Treatment of pluripotent PCC7-Mzl stem cells with 0.1 microM all-trans retinoic acid (RA) causes a cease of proliferation and ...
Chattopadhyay A - - 2001
The pro-apoptotic molecule BAD binds BCL-[X(L)] or BCL2 and inactivates their survival function. In addition to their anti-apoptotic function, BCL2 and BCL-[X(L)] also delay cell cycle entry from quiescence. We found that the BH3-only molecule BAD also exerted a cell cycle effect. BAD expression resulted in failure to cell cycle ...
Ekhterae D - - 2001
Cell shrinkage is an incipient hallmark of apoptosis in a variety of cell types. The apoptotic volume decrease has been demonstrated to attribute, in part, to K+ efflux; blockade of plasmalemmal K+ channels inhibits the apoptotic volume decrease and attenuates apoptosis. Using combined approaches of gene transfection, single-cell PCR, patch ...
Yamamoto K - - 2001
PURPOSE: To study Bcl-2 expression and apoptotic cell shedding of the rabbit corneal epithelium during extended wear of low and hyper Dk rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses. METHODS: Rabbits were fit with either a low or a hyper Dk RGP lens (Dk/Ltotal= 10 and 97). The rabbits wore the ...
Kaspar A A - - 2001
Granulysin is an antimicrobial and tumoricidal molecule expressed in granules of CTL and NK cells. In this study, we show that granulysin damages cell membranes based upon negative charge, disrupts the transmembrane potential (Deltapsi) in mitochondria, and causes release of cytochrome c. Granulysin-induced apoptosis is blocked in cells overexpressing Bcl-2. ...
Miyake H - - 2001
Sodium butyrate (NaBt), a physiologically occurring short-chain fatty acid, induces differentiation as well as apoptosis in numerous cell types, and this induction is partially regulated by Bcl-2 expression. The objectives of our study were to characterize the in vitro effects of NaBt and/or docetaxel on the growth, cell cycle and ...
Miyamoto Y - - 2001
We have examined the relationship between the expression and activation of the IL-6 receptor and the possible involvement of IL-6 in the resistance of radiation-induced apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells. Levels of IL-6 in the incubation media measured with ELISA were 1900 pg/ml in CFPAC-1, 54 pg/ml in HPAC and ...
Dimas K - - 2001
Sclareol (1) and ent-3beta-hydroxy-13-epi-manoyl oxide (2) belong to the labdane type diterpenes. They were isolated from the leaves and from the fruits of Cistus creticus subsp. creticus, and were found to be active against human leukemic cell lines. Compound 2 was converted to its thiomidazolide derivative (3). Compounds 1 and ...
Williams O - - 2001
T cell development is characterized by the induction of apoptosis in most immature thymocytes and the rescue from apoptosis of a small proportion of cells by the process of positive selection.Up-regulation of the anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl-2 is associated with thymocytes undergoing positive selection and a bcl-2 transgene promotes the generation ...
Hara I - - 2001
The objective of this study was to characterize the role of Bcl-2 expression in Fas-mediated apoptosis in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines. RT-PCR analyses showed that 10 different RCC cell lines expressed Fas, but not Fas ligand. Seven of 10 cell lines expressed Fas strongly, while 3 cell ...
Choi W S - - 2001
Two cysteine protease families, caspase and calpain, are known to participate in cell death. We investigated whether a stress-specific protease activation pathway exists, and to what extent Bcl-2 plays a role in preventing drug-induced protease activity and cell death in a dopaminergic neuronal cell line, MN9D. Staurosporine (STS) induced caspase-dependent ...
Gauthier R - - 2001
To investigate whether human intestinal epithelial cell survival involves distinct control mechanisms depending on the state of differentiation, we analyzed the in vitro effects of insulin, pharmacological inhibitors of Fak, MEK/Erk, and PI3-K/Akt, and integrin (beta1, beta4)-blocking antibodies on the survival of the well-established human Caco-2 enterocyte-like and HIEC-6 cryptlike ...
Neu B - - 2001
Apoptotic cell death is common in the inflamed gastric mucosa, but its role in the regulation of cell homeostasis in normal gastric mucosa is unknown. We investigated the expression of CD95, Bcl-2, and Bax and their roles in the regulation of apoptosis in normal rat gastric mucosa and in cultures ...
Matsuda S - - 2001
The Btg family of anti-proliferative gene products includes Pc 3/Tis 21/Btg 2, Btg 1, Tob, Tob2, Ana/Btg3, Pc3k and others. These proteins are characterized by similarities in their amino-terminal region: the Btg1 homology domain. However, the pleiotropic nature of these family proteins has been observed and no common physiological function ...
Oehler M K - - 2001
Regions of hypoxia are a common feature of solid tumours. When tumour cells are exposed to hypoxic stress, transcription of a battery of genes is initiated. The angiogenic factor adrenomedullin (ADM) is a hypoxia regulated gene. ADM is thought to act through the G protein-coupled receptor calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRLR), ...
Chen H W - - 2001
Glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis is a well-recognized physiological regulator of T-cell number and function. Alisol B acetate, a triterpene from Alisma Plantago-aquatica, has a glucocorticoid-like structure, and may have a similar function like glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis in both vascular smooth muscle cell line (A7r5) and human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line (CEM cells). ...
O'Reilly L A - - 2001
Anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family, such as Bcl-w, maintain cell viability by preventing the activation of the cell death effectors, the caspases. Gene targeting experiments in mice have demonstrated that Bcl-w is required for spermatogenesis and for survival of damaged epithelial cells in the gut. Bcl-w is, however, dispensable ...
Sparrow J R - - 2001
PURPOSE: The lipofuscin fluorophore A2E has been shown to mediate blue light-induced damage to retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate caspase-3 and Bcl-2 as executor and modulator, respectively, of the cell death program that is initiated in A2E-containing cells in response to blue ...
Cuttle L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The molecular pathogenesis of different sensitivities of the renal proximal and distal tubular cell populations to ischemic injury, including ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced oxidative stress, is not well-defined. An in vitro model of oxidative stress was used to compare the survival of distal [Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK)] and proximal [human kidney-2 ...
Biswal S S - - 2001
The expression of 5-lipoxygenase activating protein (FLAP) in murine hematopoietic FL5.12 cells that are transfected to overexpress bcl-x(L) is less than in control cells. In addition, the withdrawal of IL-3 from the bcl-x(L) overexpressing cells, but not control cells, leads to the rapid loss of FLAP even though these cells, ...
Yegappan S - - 2001
On occasion, follicle center lymphomas (FCL) may contain a marginal-zone (MZ) component in which the interfollicular lymphoid cells take on an MZ cell morphology. In the past, these have been termed composite lymphomas. However, recent studies suggest that the two components are clonally related. It is unknown whether the bcl-2 ...
Marshansky V - - 2001
The mechanism underlying apoptosis induced by proteasome inhibition in leukemic Jurkat and Namalwa cells was investigated in this study. The proteasome inhibitor lactacystin differentially regulated the protein levels of proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members and Bik was accumulated at the mitochondria. Bik overexpression sufficed to induce apoptosis in these cells. Detailed ...
Costa S L - - 2001
Among six synthetic retinoids tested, the retinoid 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-naphthalene carboxylic acid (CD437) was highly efficient in inducing growth inhibition of 8MG-BA and GL-15 human glioblastoma cell lines, with growth arrest at the S phase of the cell cycle. CD 437 also induced apoptosis in these cells, with 8MG-BA being the most ...
Hoetelmans R W - - 2001
Bcl-2 and Bax belong to a family of proteins involved in apoptosis regulation and are believed to reside in the cellular cytoplasm. The authors recently reported interphase nuclear localization of both proteins after immunofluorescence staining of formaldehyde- and methanol-fixed human and rodent cell monolayers. In addition, the authors' data confirmed ...
Crawford M J - - 2001
We recently showed that photooxidative stress on cultured photoreceptor cells results in down-modulation of NF-kappaB activity which then leads to apoptosis of cultured 661W photoreceptor cells. In an effort to further delineate the mechanism of photoreceptor cell death, we sought to determine the effects of Bcl-2 overexpression on cell survivability. ...
Arango H A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To find whether aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) inhibits the growth of endometrial cancer cells in vitro in a way similar to that in colorectal cancer cells and to investigate the mechanisms by which aspirin might lead to growth inhibition. METHODS: Ishikawa human endometrial tumor cells were grown in the ...
Schlosser S - - 2001
Caspase-1 (interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme) is reported to play an important role in the regulation of apoptosis. We investigated the inhibition of caspase-1 by the cell permeable caspase-1 inhibitor Ac-AAVALLPAVLLALLAP-YVAD.CHO in pancreatic carcinoma cells. Inhibition of caspase-1 induced a non-apoptotic/"necrotic-like" cell death in AsPC-1, BxPC-3, MiaPaCa-2 and Panc-1 cells. Expression levels of ...
Wei Y - - 2001
An immortal human hepatic cell line HL-7702 and human hepatoma cell line SMMC-7721 were treated with 3-30 microM SeO(2). SeO(2) at 30 microM markedly inhibited cell proliferation and viability, and prompted apoptosis of both normal hepatic and hepatoma cells after 48h treatment. SeO(2) could also down-regulate the Bcl-2 level, greatly ...
Fukuchi Y - - 2001
Activin A, one member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily, is known to be a commitment factor for cell death and differentiation. In the present study, we demonstrate that human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell lines, KU812 and K562 cells, either induced apoptosis or differentiation, respectively, by treatment with ...
Mocetti P - - 2001
The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax has been evaluated by immunohistochemistry in normal rats, and in rats after treatment with high-dose corticosterone (CORT). Proliferative (PC) and maturative/hypertrophic (MaHC) chondrocytes of the growth plate have been examined, as well as osteoblasts (Obs), osteocytes (Ots) and osteoclasts (Ocs) of the metaphyseal secondary ...
Madewell B R - - 2001
Bcl-2 and bax are two members of the BCL-2 gene family that play a prominent role in the regulation of apoptosis. Bax and bcl-2 expression were examined immunohistochemically in normal (healthy) feline skin and in 24 benign feline cutaneous basal cell tumours. The tumours were also examined for cellular proliferation ...
Schumacher G - - 2001
Adenoviral vectors expressing wild-type p53 (Ad-p53) induce apoptosis in different types of cancer cells. The therapeutic utility of Ad-p53 is now being evaluated in prostate-cancer patients. Bcl-2 is frequently expressed by prostate-cancer cells and has previously been shown to inhibit p53-mediated cell death following genotoxic stress. We studied the impact ...
Song K - - 2001
Uwhangchungsimwon (pill, UC) is one of the traditional Korean medical prescriptions that has been most frequently used for stroke. To characterize the effects of UC on human neuronal cells, the human neuroblastoma cell line IMR32 was treated with UC, and cell viability, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and gene expression were analyzed. ...
Darwiche N - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, caused by the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I, is an aggressive neoplasm of mature activated T cells that is generally resistant to conventional therapy. While arsenic trioxide (As) inhibits the growth and induces apoptosis in HTLV-I-infected T cells, synergistically, when combined with interferon-alpha, variable effects ...
Amstad P A - - 2001
It has been hypothesized that programmed cell death is mediated, in part, through the formation of free radicals via oxidative pathways. Furthermore, it has been proposed that BCL-2 acts to inhibit cell death by interfering with the production of oxygen-derived free radicals induced by a wide variety of stimuli. In ...
Rzymowska J - - 2001
The balance between Bcl-2 and c-Myc and c-Jun seems to be an important determinant of cellular sensitivity to the induction of apoptosis. High expression of Bcl-2 was noticed to be strongly related to low rates of apoptotic cell death. The mean value of the apoptotic index was 45.0% in Bcl-2-negative ...
Lu K - - 2001
Bcl-2 has been described as a factor that can protect from apoptosis. The protective effect of Bcl-2 may be lost if the protein is phosphorylated. Bcl-2 phosphorylation can be induced by agents that affect microtubule depolymerization or prevent microtubule assembly. In 13 human tumor cell lines there was a high ...
Kuniyasu H - - 2001
Interleukin 15 (IL-15 mRNA expression was detected in human colorectal cancer cells (Colo320, WiDr, TCO and DLD1) by the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Only Colo320 and WiDr cells secreted IL-15 culture medium. With IL-15 treatment, all cell lines grew at a rate of 120-180% of that of nontreated cells. ...
Weerasinghe P - - 2001
Our previous studies with low Bcl-2-expressing K562 cells have shown that, when treated with the putative anti-cancer drug sanguinarine, concentrations of 1.5 microg/ml induced the morphology of apoptosis or programmed cell death (PCD), while concentrations of 12.5 microg/ml induced a morphology of blister formation or blister cell death (BCD). To ...
Cao W - - 2001
To explore the effect of NF-kappa B on bcl-x gene transcription in extended drug resistance leukemia cell line HL-60/E6, drug-resistant subline HL-60/E6 was derived by intermittently exposing HL-60 cells to 6 ng/ml epirubicin. Indirect immunofluorescence was used to demonstrate the location of NF-kappa B-RelA in HL-60/E6 cells. FCM analysis and ...
Fujise K - - 2000
MCL1 (ML1 myeloid cell leukemia 1), a Bcl-2 (B- cell lymphoma-leukemia 2) homologue, is known to function as an anti-apoptotic protein. Here we show in vitro and in vivo that MCL1 interacts with the cell cycle regulator, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). This finding prompted us to investigate whether MCL1, ...
Lilling G - - 2000
Comparison of LCC2, the E(2)-independent, tamoxifen-resistant subline of the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line with its parent line, disclosed that it is more resistant to growth inhibition and apoptosis induction by a variety of agents acting by diverse mechanisms. Thus, LCC2 cells can serve as a useful in-vitro model ...
Náray-Fejes-Tóth A - - 2000
Serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase (sgk) is transcriptionally regulated by corticosteroids in several cell types. Recent findings suggest that sgk is an important gene in the early action of corticosteroids on epithelial sodium reabsorption. Surprisingly, the human sgk was reported not to be transcriptionally regulated by corticosteroids in a hepatoma cell ...
Hara I - - 2000
Sodium butyrate (NaBt), one of the short chain fatty acids naturally formed in the gastrointestinal tract, induces differentiation as well as apoptosis in numerous cell types. The objectives of this study were to characterize the effects of NaBt on the growth, cell cycle, and apoptosis of human renal cell carcinoma ...
Joshi S S - - 2000
In an attempt to ameliorate the chemotherapy associated normal cell toxicity, in this study a known antioxidant, grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) using Chang liver cells has been used. Chang liver cells were treated in vitro with idarubicin (Ida) (30 nM) and 4-hydroxyperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) (1 microg/ml) with or without proanthocyanidin ...
Sanfeliu A - - 2000
The effect of environmental and genetic parameters on cell death was studied in Chinese hamster ovary cell cultures. Experiments were performed using an anchorage-dependent CHO cell line expressing gamma-IFN, and a second cell line obtained by transfection of the previous one with bcl-2. In serum-free medium the two cell lines ...
Imura T - - 2000
Extracellular adenosine (Ado) accumulates during brain ischemia. To investigate the pathophysiological role of Ado on glial cells under ischemic conditions, we examined the effect of Ado on the survival of C6 glial cells exposed to chemical ischemia (CI). Treatment with Ado during exposure to CI showed a marked protective effect, ...
Zhao Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of bax in a vincristine (VCR)-induced multidrug-resistant (MDR) human gastric cancer cell line, SGC7901/VCR, in which the Bax protein expression level was significantly lower compared with that in parent cells. METHODS: A bax eukaryotic expression vector was constructed and transfected into SGC7901/VCR cells by lipofectamine, ...
Kim J - - 2000
The neoplastic variant of calcifying odontogenic cyst has various designations, and its malignant counterpart has been reported as aggressive epithelial odontogenic ghost cell tumor or odontogenic ghost cell carcinoma. We present a case of odontogenic ghost cell carcinoma with reference to the relation between the ghost cells and apoptosis. A ...
Farrokh-Siar L - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the mechanism of action of the soluble immune suppressive product secreted by human fetal retinal pigment epithelial (HFRPE) cells in a model system using the human T-cell line Jurkat (Jkt). METHODS: Pure HFRPE cells were isolated and cultured. The supernatants of both nonactivated and IFN-gamma-activated HFRPE cells ...
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