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Results 551 - 600 of 1000
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Qanungo Suparna - - 2002
The antiproliferative action of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), an endogenous estrogen metabolite is specific for cancer cells and is mediated by the induction of programmed cell death or apoptosis. But the identity of the downstream effectors of apoptotic signaling induced by 2-ME is not known. In the present study, we explored the ...
Li Hong-Liang - - 2002
AIM: To identify whether JTE-522 can induce apoptosis in AGS cells and ROS also involved in the process, and to investigate the changes in NF-kB, p53, bcl-2 and caspase in the apoptosis process. METHODS: Cell culture, MTT, Electromicroscopy, agarose gel electrophoresis, lucigenin, Western blot and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) ...
Meresman Gabriela F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of administering combination oral contraceptives (COCs) to patients with endometriosis on the regulation of cell growth in the eutopic endometrium. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Research institute and clinical fertility center. PATIENT(S): Thirteen women with untreated endometriosis and 13 controls. INTERVENTION(S): Biopsy specimens of the eutopic ...
Godley Bernard F - - 2002
The integrity of the retinal pigment epithelium, especially that of the macula is essential for the preservation of vision into old age. The chronic exposure to sunlight and peroxidized lipids from phagocytized photoreceptor outer segments imposes a high level of oxidative stress on the retinal tissues, which increases with age ...
Kim No Soo - - 2002
In an attempt to use the hyperosmotic pressure for improved foreign protein production in recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (rCHO) cells, the response of rCHO cells producing a humanized antibody (SH2-0.32-(Delta)bcl-2 cells) to hyperosmotic pressure was determined in regard to cell growth and death, and antibody production. Further, the feasibility of ...
BenJilani Kamal Eddine - - 2002
The murine IL-3-dependent myeloid cell line 32D undergoes a rapid death when deprived of interleukin-3 (IL-3), a process that is suppressed or delayed by the constitutive expression of Bcl-2 or the Bcl-2-related Bcl-xL survival protein. The adenovirus type 5 E1B region encodes an E1B 55K protein, that has been reported ...
Munkarah A R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: There is strong evidence indicating that prostaglandins (PG) and their synthesizing enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) play an important role in tumorigenesis. The purposes of the present study were to determine the pattern of expression of COX-2 and the effect of PG treatment on proliferation and apoptosis in epithelial ovarian cancer ...
Ghosh Paramita M - - 2002
We previously showed that RhoA played an important role in the proliferation of murine We prostate cancer (TRAMP) cells (P. M. Ghosh et al., Oncogene, 18: 4120-4130, 1999). Untransfected TRAMP cells as well as those expressing constitutively active RhoA (Q63L) mutant protein (Q63L cells) were highly proliferative. In contrast, TRAMP ...
de Graaf Aniek O - - 2002
Several studies indicate that mitochondrial ATP production as well as ADP/ATP exchange across mitochondrial membranes are impaired during apoptosis. We investigated whether Bcl-2 could protect against cell death under conditions in which ATP metabolism is inhibited. Inhibition of ATP production using antimycin A (AA) (complex III inhibition) combined with inhibition ...
Strettoi Enrica - - 2002
Naturally occurring cell death is believed to play a major role during the development of the nervous system in the establishment of neuronal architecture. Here we study the effects of cell death inhibition by using a transgenic mouse in which the powerful antiapoptotic gene bcl-2 is expressed in neurons. The ...
Pfragner Roswitha - - 2002
We report the successful establishment of seven human medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTC) as continuous cell lines. Characteristic features--such as the presence of neuroendocrine granules--and the positive immunoreactivity to antibodies to CT, CGRP, GRP, SRIF, 5-HT, NSE, PHE, LK2H10, ER and Pgr were followed throughout the cultivation. An overexpression of the ...
Russell Lonnie D - - 2002
Bax is a multidomain, proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family that is required for normal spermatogenesis in mice. Despite its proapoptotic function, previous results found that Bax-deficient mature male mice demonstrate increased cell death and dramatic testicular atrophy. The present study examined the role of Bax during the normal development ...
Bondar Victor M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Loss of contact with the extracellular matrix (ECM) triggers a specialized form of apoptosis known as "anoikis" in normal epithelial cells. Dependence on adhesion to ECM is often lost in transformed cells, and the degree of anchorage independence may vary in non-metastatic and metastatic cancer cells. BCL-2 oncoprotein overexpression ...
Zhang Bin - - 2002
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by the accumulation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow caused primarily by failure of normal homeostatic mechanisms to prevent the expansion of postgerminal center plasma cells. We have examined the molecular mechanisms that promote the survival of MM cells and have identified a ...
Elliott Mary Jane - - 2002
Pancreatic cancer is often resistant to conventional chemotherapy. In this study, we examined the role of adenovirus-mediated overexpression of E2F-1 in inducing apoptosis and increasing the sensitivity of pancreatic cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents. MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic head exocrine adenocarcinoma cells (mutant p53) were treated by mock infection or adenoviruses ...
Widmer Isabelle - - 2002
Expression of human herpesvirus 8 viral Bcl-2 protein was demonstrated in spindle cells of late-stage Kaposi's sarcoma lesions but not in primary effusion lymphoma cell lines. In contrast, strong expression of human Bcl-2 was found in stimulated primary effusion lymphoma cells, whereas in Kaposi's sarcoma lesions preferential mononuclear cells, and ...
Huang Ruimin - - 2002
Upstream binding factor (UBF) is an RNA polymerase I-specific transcription factor. By representational difference analysis, Northern blot, and cDNA array analysis, up-regulation of UBF was detected in 12 of 17 clinical hepatocellular carcinoma samples comparing to the paired normal liver tissues. Introduction of UBF in human lung fibroblast cells that ...
Cos Samuel - - 2002
Melatonin inhibits proliferation of the estrogen-responsive MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. The objective of this work was to assess whether melatonin not only regulates MCF-7 cell proliferation but also induces apoptosis. In this experiment we used 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (D3) as a positive control because it inhibits MCF-7 cell proliferation and induces ...
Olie Robert A - - 2002
Recent clinical studies have shown the promise of bcl-2 antisense therapy in patients with melanoma. To further demonstrate the importance of bcl-2 and validate the related antiapoptotic protein bcl-xL as targets for antisense therapy in melanoma, their implication as survival factors in melanoma cells of different clinical stages as well ...
Broome H Elizabeth - - 2002
We have examined the effects of antisense oligonucleotides to bcl-x on the survival and chemosensitivity of CEM cells, a T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cell line. Also, we have measured the levels of Bcl-2, Bcl-x, and Bax in 20 cases of T-ALL. By 18 h after the bcl-x antisense treatment, CEM ...
DeLuca G C - - 2002
We have performed an immunocytochemical study of autopsy material from five cases of central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) and five age and sex-matched control subjects with the aim of exploring the possible involvement of apoptotic mechanisms in oligodendrocytes in this condition. We searched for immunoreactivity of glial cells for the apoptotic-related ...
Kolfschoten Geertruida M - - 2002
Paclitaxel is able to cause cell death through the induction of apoptosis. Cell death characteristics for docetaxel have not yet been described in detail. We investigated four unselected human ovarian cancer cell lines for the sensitivity to a 1hr exposure to docetaxel and calculated the concentrations inhibiting 50% (IC(50)) and ...
Tovar Sepulveda Veronica A - - 2002
PTHrP is secreted by breast cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. In the breast cancer cell line MCF-7, PTHrP overexpression is associated with increased mitogenesis. We used this cell line to study the mechanism for the proliferative effects of PTHrP. Clonal MCF-7 lines were established overexpressing wild-type PTHrP or ...
Yang Lianjun - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of overexpression of bcl-2 on ethanol-induced apoptosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS: The retrovirus expression vector pDOR-SB containing human bcl-2 cDNA was introduced into a human HCC cell line HCC-9204 by liposome-mediated transfection. pDOR-transfected and non-transfected HCC-9204 cells were used as controls. The ...
Ohigashi Takashi - - 2002
We investigated bcl-2 and androgen receptor (AR) expression in an androgen-independent subline derived from mouse androgen-dependent mammary carcinoma cells. The androgen-independent SCAI cells were subcloned by cultivating androgen-dependent SC2G cells in serum-free, androgen-free conditions. The growth of the SCAI cells was not affected by testosterone. Western blot analysis showed greater ...
Streffer Johannes R - - 2002
Radiotherapy is the standard treatment for glioblastoma. Here, we assessed the radiosensitivity of 12 human malignant glioma cell lines in vitro and correlated these data with irradiation-induced cell cycle changes, chemosensitivity profiles and BCL-2 family protein expression. Irradiation at 3 Gy failed to cause major cell cycle perturbations. Radioresistance was ...
Tesfaigzi Yohannes - - 2002
Exposure of airways to environmental toxins or allergens induces proliferation of epithelial cells. Depending on the type of exposure, existing and newly formed cells can differentiate into mucus-producing cells resulting in mucous cell metaplasia (MCM). During recovery, the epithelium reduces the number of epithelial cells to return to the original ...
Mahieux R - - 2001
Treatment of patients with adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATLL) using conventional chemotherapy has limited benefit because human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) cells are resistant to most apoptosis-inducing agents. The recent report that arsenic trioxide induces apoptosis in HTLV-1-transformed cells prompted investigation of the mechanism of action of this drug ...
Lee M - - 2001
Bcl-2 is a gene family involved in the suppression of apoptosis in response to a wide range of cellular insults. Multiple papers have suggested a link between Bcl-2 and oxidative damage/antioxidant protection. We therefore examined parameters of antioxidant defense and oxidative damage in two different cell lines, NT-2/D1 (NT-2) and ...
Cáceres-Cortés J R - - 2001
Identification of organic compounds from plants is of clinical significance because of the effect that they might have in patients with haematopoietic disorders. We studied the effect of the plant extract Justicia spicigera (Acanthaceae) in different haematopoietic cells: human leukaemic cell lines, umbilical cord blood cells, and mouse bone marrow ...
Li H L - - 2001
In order to study the mechanism of the effect of heparin on apoptosis in carcinoma cells, the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE2 was used to identify the effect of heparin on apoptosis associated with the expression of c-myc, bax, bcl-2 proteins by use of Hoechst 33258 staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated ...
Wu Y L - - 2001
AIM: To evaluate the effects of sulindac in inducing growth inhibition and apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells in comparison with human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS: The human gastric cancer cell lines MKN45 and MKN28 and human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines HepG(2) and SMMC7721 were used for the study. ...
Lee H Z - - 2001
Aloe-emodin (1,8-dihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-anthraquinone) is an active component from the root and rhizome of Rheum palmatum. The study investigated the effects and mechanisms of aloe-emodin-induced cell death in human lung squamous cell carcinoma cell line CH27. Aloe-emodin (40 microM)-induced CH27 cell apoptosis was confirmed by DNA fragmentation (DNA ladders and sub-G(1) formation). ...
Li Y M - - 2001
AIM: To investigate the effect of erianin on human HL-60 cell line and explore its mechanism of apoptosis in vitro. METHODS: Inhibition of proliferation was measured with colorimetric MTT assay. The morphologic changes were observed by fluorescence and electron microscopes. DNA fragmentation was visualized by agarose gel electrophoresis, and the ...
Zhang L - - 2001
Glucocorticoids or increases in cellular cAMP promote apoptosis in many cell types, including murine S49 cells. We examined the impact of Bcl-2, an antiapoptotic protein, on S49 cell growth and death promoted by the glucocorticoid dexamethasone or agents that increase cAMP: isoproterenol (a beta-adrenergic agonist) + 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (a phosphodiesterase inhibitor) ...
Pettitt A R - - 2001
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cells are long-lived in vivo but undergo spontaneous apoptosis when cultured in vitro. Since CLL cells associate intimately with one another at sites of tissue involvement, we examined the hitherto unproven possibility that homotypic interactions between the malignant cells might reduce their propensity to undergo spontaneous ...
Zhu Y G - - 2001
AIM: To explore the effect of cationic lipid 1,3-di-oleoyloxy-2-(6-carboxy-spermyl)-propylamid (DOSPER) on cellular uptake and activity of bcl-2 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide G3139 in HL-60 cells. METHODS: The cell-associated mean fluorescence intensity and the percentage of cells with positive staining for Bcl-2 were measured by flow cytometry. The subcellular distribution of fluorescein isothiocyanate ...
Yoshida M - - 2001
Calcifying odontogenic cysts (COCs) were examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically to characterize the histological and cytological properties of these lesions. Histopathologically, COCs showed thin or thick lining epithelium with ghost cells. COCs were classified according to proliferative type or nonproliferative type lining epithelium, the presence or absence of ameloblastomatous appearance, and ...
Martin S S - - 2001
Many tumor cells are impaired in adhesion-regulated apoptosis, which contributes to their metastatic potential. However, suppression of this apoptotic pathway in untransformed cells is not mediated only by adhesion to the extracellular matrix but also through the resulting ability to spread and adopt a distinct morphology. Since cell spreading is ...
Sasaki M - - 2001
Cellular senescence may be an antioncogenic event. Bcl-2 is a product of the oncogene, bcl-2, but it may also participate in cellular senescence. To investigate the role of Bcl-2, we analyzed the level of Bcl-2 during aging of normal human fibroblasts by immunoblot analysis and found that its level was ...
Puig B - - 2001
Examination of the expression of proteins linked with signaling pathways commanding cell death and cell survival has been carried out to increase understanding on the mechanisms leading to cell death in the cerebellum in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Expression of Fas, Fas ligand (Fas-L), ERK, MEK, Bcl-2, Bax, N-myc, c-myc, pro-caspase-2 ...
Otsuki Y - - 2001
It is generally accepted that apoptosis occurs in human endometrium through the late secretory to menstruating phases. We found that Bcl-2 expression showed a cyclic pattern, peaking during the late proliferative phase. The decreased Bcl-2 in human endometrial glandular cells during the secretory phase was consistent with the appearance of ...
Ramp U - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Since no effective therapeutic approach is yet known for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), we analyzed the effects of topotecan (Hycamtin), a novel topoisomerase I-inhibitor, in RCC cell lines of the clear cell and papillary/chromophilic types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects of topotecan were analyzed in ...
Groeger A M - - 2001
In this report we have investigated the effects of BAX in enhancing apoptosis in two primary non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. A count of the apoptotic cells by TUNEL staining revealed that almost 70% of BAX over-expressing cells died, while very few apoptotic cells were detectable in the wildtype ...
Lee H Z - - 2001
1. Emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone) is an active component from the root and rhizome of Rheum palmatum that has been reported to exhibit antitumour effects, but the mechanism is not known. The study investigated the effects and mechanisms of emodin-induced cell death in human lung squamous carcinoma cell line CH27. 2. Emodin ...
Bauvy C - - 2001
Autophagy is a major catabolic process allowing the renewal of intracellular organelles by which cells maintain their homeostasis. We have previously shown that autophagy is controlled by two transduction pathways mediated by a heterotrimeric Gi3 protein and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activities in the human colon cancer cell line HT-29. Here, we ...
Unkila M - - 2001
A cytochrome c-enhanced green fluorescent protein chimera (cyt-c.EGFP) was used to monitor the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria in Bcl-2-negative and Bcl-2-positive MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells. A comparison was made with the intracellular distribution of endogenous cytochrome c based on Western blotting of cell fractions and immunocytochemistry. The release ...
Dubrez L - - 2001
The mechanisms involved in p53-mediated cell death remain controversial. In the present study, we investigated this cell death pathway by stably transfecting the p53-null H358 cell line with a tetracycline-dependent wild type p53-expressing vector. Restoration of p53 triggered a G(2)/M cell cycle arrest and enhanced BAX protein expression, without inducing ...
Medh R D - - 2001
Sensitivity to glucocorticoid (GC)-evoked apoptosis in lymphoid cell lines correlates closely with GC-mediated suppression of c-Myc expression. To establish a functional role for c-Myc in GC-mediated apoptosis, we have stably expressed MycER(TM), the human c-Myc protein fused to the modified ligand-binding domain of the murine estrogen receptor alpha, in GC-sensitive ...
Esdar C - - 2001
Apoptosis is an integral part of neural development. To elucidate the importance of programmed cell death on cell lineage determination we utilized murine PCC7-Mzl cells, a model system for neural differentiation. Treatment of pluripotent PCC7-Mzl stem cells with 0.1 microM all-trans retinoic acid (RA) causes a cease of proliferation and ...
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