Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1001
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Chong Yong - - 2004
To investigate HIV-1-related B cell disorders, the quantity of peripheral CD27 negative (CD27-) B cells, their CD38, CD95, and bcl-2 intensities, and their apoptosis susceptibility were examined by flow cytometry analysis in 16 drug-naive patients, 27 HAART-treated patients, and 20 uninfected controls. CD27- B cells have been recognized as naive ...
Huang Yu-Chun - - 2004
Leukemias are a heterogenous group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal blood cells of hematopoietic system. Evodiamine, a characteristic alkaloid extracted from Evodia fruits, has been reported to exhibit inhibitory effect on cell proliferation and migration in several types of cancer cells. However, there is no report elucidating ...
Zhu Yanan - - 2004
Apoptosis in activated T cells in vivo requires the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bim. We show here that, despite its ability to bind LC8, a component of the microtubule dynein motor complex, most of the Bim in both healthy and apoptotic T cells is associated with mitochondria, not microtubules. In ...
Lo Angela Kwok Fung - - 2004
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is closely associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a common cancer in Hong Kong. The EBV-encoded LMP1 protein is believed to play an important role in cell transformation. We have previously identified a prevalent LMP1 variant (2117-LMP1) that is expressed in 86% of primary NPC in Hong Kong. ...
Ocker Matthias - - 2004
Retinoids can block cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in tumor cells. The antitumoral effect of synthetic retinoids like Adapalene (ADA) on hepatoma cells (HepG2, Hep1B) was investigated. Cell proliferation was assessed by measuring DNA synthesis and apoptosis by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. Cell cycle- and apoptosis-associated proteins were semi-quantified by ...
Cheng Ningli - - 2004
Bcl-2 promotes oncogenesis by inhibiting cell death. Bcl-2 also inhibits proliferation and suppresses tumorigenesis in some settings. To clarify the role of the antiproliferative function of Bcl-2, mice expressing a mutant form of Bcl-2 reported to lack antiproliferative activity were generated (tyrosine 28 to alanine, Bcl-2-Y28A). As expected, both wild ...
Mayerhofer Matthias - - 2004
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a stem cell disease in which BCR/ABL promotes the survival of leukemic cells. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an inducible stress protein that catalyzes the degradation of heme and has recently been implicated in the regulation of growth and survival of various neoplastic cells. In the ...
Xiao Dong - - 2004
Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a constituent of many cruciferous vegetables, offers significant protection against cancer in animals induced by a variety of carcinogens. The present study demonstrates that PEITC suppresses proliferation of PC-3 cells in a dose-dependent manner by causing G(2)-M-phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Interestingly, phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC), which ...
Poliseno Laura - - 2004
We present a ribozyme-based strategy for studying the effects of Bcl2 down-regulation. The anti-bcl2 hammerhead ribozyme Rz-bcl2 was stably transfected into MCF7 cancer cells and the cleavage of Bcl2 mRNA was demonstrated using a new assay for cleavage product detection, while Western blot analysis showed a concomitant depletion of Bcl2 ...
Li Wen Qing - - 2004
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a cytokine that is required for T cell development and survival. The anti-apoptotic function of IL-7 is partly through induction of Bcl-2 synthesis and cytosolic retention of Bax. Here we show that the Bcl-2 homology 3 domain-only protein, Bad, is involved in cell death following IL-7 withdrawal ...
Orozco Camilo - - 2004
Ethyl 5-amino-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-phenylbenzol[1,8] naphthyridine-3-carboxylate (ITH4012) is a novel tacrine derivative that can reduce cell death induced by various compounds with different mechanisms of action, such as thapsigargin (reticular stress), H2O2 (free radicals), and veratridine (calcium overload), in bovine chromaffin cell. Cell viability, quantified as lactic dehydrogenase release, was significantly reduced by ...
Zong Zhi-ping - - 2004
Taxol was found to induce polyploidization and apoptosis in cultured methylcholanthrene-induced sarcoma cells (Meth-A cells), but some of the cells in G1 phase were not affected. We refer to these cells as taxol-resistant cells. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a protein kinase C (PKC) regulator, was used to test the taxol-resistant ...
Giuliano Michela - - 2004
A potent inhibitor of serine/threonine kinases, staurosporine exerts antiproliferative and apoptotic effects in many cancer cells, although the exact mechanism of its action is still unclear. This study examines the effects of staurosporine on Chang liver cells, an immortalized non-tumor cell line, in comparison with those caused in HuH-6 and ...
Wang Jing-Hua - - 2004
AIM: To investigate whether octreotide can inhibit the growth of human gallbladder cancer cells in vitro and to elucidate the antineoplastic mechanism of octreotide in gallbladder cancer. METHODS: A human gallbladder cancer cell line, GBC-SD, was cultured in vitro. The antiproliferative effects of octreotide were examined by means of an ...
Honda Tsuyoshi - - 2004
The utility of dominant acting proapoptotic molecules to induce cell death in cancer cells is being evaluated in preclinical studies and clinical trials. We recently developed a binary adenoviral expression system to enable the efficient gene transfer of Bax and other proapoptotic molecules. Using this system, overexpression of Bax protein ...
Papucci Laura - - 2004
Hypoxic and chemical hypoxia (antimycin A) commits cultured rat fibroblasts (Rat-1) towards apoptosis, necrosis or an intermediate form of cell death (aponecrosis) depending on the degree of hypoxia. Aponecrosis also occurs in vivo. Here, we demonstrate that c-myc and bcl-2, two proto-oncogenes known to lower or to enhance, respectively, the ...
Kumar Biswas Swarajit - - 2004
Overexpression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 has been associated with several malignancies, including small cell lung cancer (SCLC). In the present study, we have investigated if Bcl-2 contributes to the emergence of cisplatin resistance in SCLC H69 cells. The ability of cisplatin to induce apoptosis was decreased in H69 cells ...
Kobylinska Agnieszka - - 2004
The present study investigated a correlation between expression of Bcl-2 family members, Bax and Bcl-2 (the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio values) in B-CLL cells in vivo and the response of these cells to chemotherapy. Western blot technique combined with videodensitometry was used for Bax and Bcl-2 determination in homogenate, nuclear and postnuclear ...
Wiesenauer Chad A - - 2004
Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with increased expression and activity of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling intermediates (ie, MEK, ERK). We determined the effects of MEK-ERK signaling on proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and tumorigenicity of HCC in vitro. HCC cell lines were treated with MEK enzyme-specific inhibitors, PD098059 and ...
Loegering David - - 2004
Previous studies have suggested two possible roles for Rad9 in mammalian cells subjected to replication stress or DNA damage. One model suggests that a Rad9-containing clamp is loaded onto damaged DNA, where it participates in Chk1 activation and subsequent events that contribute to cell survival. The other model suggests that ...
Lan Hong - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the mechanism of allitridi-induced apoptosis in human gastric cancer cell line BGC823. METHODS: Growth inhibition by allitridi was analyzed using cell growth curve and MTT assay. Apoptotic cells were detected using staining with Hoechst 33342, and confirmed by flow cytometric analysis and DNA fragmentation analysis. The protein ...
Chong Yong - - 2004
To investigate HIV-1-related B cell disorders, the quantity of CD27 positive (CD27+) B cells and their CD38, CD95, and bcl-2 intensities were examined by flow cytometry analysis in 16 drug-naive patients, 27 highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-treated patients, and 20 uninfected controls. CD27+ B cells have been recognized as memory ...
Olkku A - - 2004
Glucocorticoids have marked effects on bone metabolism, and continued exposure of skeletal tissue to excessive amounts of these steroids results in osteoporosis. Therefore, in the present proteomic study, we characterized the potential effects of glucocorticoids on protein expression in human osteoblastic cells. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, we ...
Rathmell Jeffrey C - - 2004
Maintenance of B-lymphocyte homeostasis requires balanced cell production, death, and proliferation. To coordinate these processes, B cells are dependent on cell extrinsic signals. In lymphocyte development, precursor cells are dependent on Fms-like tyrosine kinase ligand 3 (Flt3L), and pre-B cells are dependent on the cytokine interleukin-7. Transitional B cells require ...
Pession Andrea - - 2004
We developed an antisense peptide nucleic acid (PNA) targeted against a unique sequence in the terminus of the 5'-UTR of N-myc, designed for selective inhibition of NMYC in neuroblastoma cells. Fluorescent microscopy showed carrier-free delivery of the PNA to two human neuro-blastoma cell lines: GI-LI-N (N-myc-amplified) and GI-CA-N (N-myc-unamplified). Only ...
Unger G M - - 2004
Recent studies have generated sufficient information to warrant a consideration of protein kinase CK2 as a potential target for cancer therapy. CK2 is a ubiquitous and highly conserved protein serine/threonine kinase that has long been considered to play a role in cell growth and proliferation. It is essential for cell ...
Kim Sung Hak - - 2004
Ceramide is a lipid mediator in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in many cell lines. However, the molecular mechanisms for ceramide have not been clarified in HC11 mouse mammary epithelial cells. Under phase contrast microscope, C2-ceramide-treated cells clearly showed morphological changes, which were characteristic features of apoptosis. Treatment with C2-ceramide ...
Johnson M Cecilia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 concentration in human endometrial tissue throughout the menstrual cycle, and study the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on cell proliferation and apoptosis during culture. DESIGN: Expression of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 concentration in endometrial explants, and examination of L-arginine (L-Arg) effect on ...
Jang Jung-Hee - - 2004
Bcl-X(L), a mitochondrial membrane protein, blocks apoptosis induced by a wide array of death signals. In spite of extensive research, the molecular milieu that characterizes the anti-apoptotic function of Bcl-X(L) is complex and not fully clarified. In the present work, we have investigated the role of Bcl-X(L) in protecting against ...
Arias Esperanza - - 2004
Galantamine is currently used to treat Alzheimer's disease patients; it behaves as a mild blocker of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and has an allosteric modulating action on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). In this study, we observed that galantamine prevented cell death induced by the peptide beta-amyloid(1-40) and thapsigargin in the human neuroblastoma ...
Leisser C - - 2004
Cell division cycle 25A (Cdc25A) was shown to colocalise both with nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. Recently, we have demonstrated that overexpressed Cdc25A promoted the survival of rat 423 cells through indirect activation of PKB-protein kinase B. Using a Cdc25A:ER fusion protein, which can be shuttled from the cytoplasm into the ...
Zhang YueMei - - 2003
Recent data indicate that excitotoxicity of high levels of neurotransmitter glutamate may be mediated via programmed cell death (apoptosis) and that it can be prevented in HT22 mouse hippocampal cells by various equine estrogens with Delta8,17beta-estradiol (Delta8,17beta-E2) being the most potent. In order to delineate the mechanism(s), glutamate-induced cell death ...
Kalantzi Olga I - - 2004
Environmental contaminants possessing hormonal activity have long been suspected of playing a role in cancer causation. What is unclear is whether such agents elicit their effects through genotoxic and/or epigenetic mechanisms. gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma-HCH, lindane) was tested in the 10(-12)-10(-4) M range. Chromosomal damage in MCF-7 breast cells and PC-3 prostate ...
Nilsson Jonas A - - 2003
A paradox for the cancer biology field has been the revelation that oncogenes, once thought to simply provide advantages to a cancer cell, actually put it at dire risk of cell suicide. Myc is the quintessential oncogene in this respect, as in normal cells it is required for cell cycle ...
Chu Sang Hui - - 2003
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been considered as an important pathogen of gastroduodenal inflammation and gastric carcinogenesis. However, the pathogenic mechanisms including H. pylori-induced apoptosis and subsequent molecular mechanisms have not been clarified yet. The present study examined the role of Bcl-2 and its relation to NF-kappaB in H. pylori-induced ...
Hoetelmans Rob W M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Bcl-2 protein is a critical regulator of susceptibility towards cell death induced by antineoplastic drugs. Reduced growth activity and increased glutathione (GSH) levels protect against adriamycin toxicity. We recently demonstrated statistically significantly reduced growth activity and elevated cellular GSH levels in exponentially growing rat CC531 colon carcinoma cells ...
Hoetelmans R W M - - 2003
The 26-kDa bcl-2 gene product inhibits apoptosis and cell proliferation. Cleavage of Bcl-2 into a 22-kDa fragment inactivates its anti-apoptotic activity and is a key event in apoptosis. Here, and in recent work, we describe massive 19-kDa Bcl-2 immunoreactivity in non-apoptotic cells, suggesting a link with viability rather than cell ...
Kanthasamy A G - - 2003
We previously demonstrated that the organochlorine pesticide dieldrin, a potential chemical risk factor for development of Parkinson's disease (PD), impairs mitochondrial function and promotes apoptosis in dopaminergic PC12 cells. We further demonstrated that caspase-3-dependent proteolytic activation of a member of the novel PKC family, protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta), contributes to ...
Wang Ching-Chiung - - 2003
6-Gingerol, a naturally occurring plant phenol, is one of the major components of fresh ginger. In this paper, the antioxidative effects of 6-gingerol were detected by DPPH and DCFH assays and, as predicted, 6-gingerol as an antioxidant was shown to protect HL-60 cells from oxidative stress. Moreover, it induced cell ...
Papa F - - 2003
Squamous cell carcinoma (SSC) is the most frequent malignant tumor of the oral cavity. Aberration of programmed cell death is thought to participate in cancer. Using specific antibodies a study of the expression and subcellular distribution of Bcl-2, BAX, caspase-3 and cytochrome c in normal human keratinocytes and mouth carcinoma ...
Troppmair Jakob - - 2003
Research of the last years has demonstrated the absolute requirement of mitogenic signaling pathways for the control of cell survival. As reviewed here for the members of the Raf kinase family, apoptosis suppression proceeds through diverse mechanisms. They include the recruitment of novel effectors such as IAP and Bcl-2 proteins, ...
Crescenzi Elvira - - 2003
The apoptosis regulator Bcl-2 has been shown to modulate cell-cycle progression, favouring a quiescent state over a proliferative state, in both normal and tumour cells. We show here that constitutive expression of Bcl-2 in human carcinoma cells results in a cell-cycle arrest that within a few days can become irreversible. ...
Janumyan Yelena M - - 2003
Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-2 inhibit both apoptosis and proliferation. In investigating the relationship between these two functions of Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-2, an analysis of 24 Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-2 mutant alleles, including substitutions at residue Y28 previously reported to selectively abolish the cell cycle activity, showed that cell cycle delay and anti-apoptosis ...
Syed Viqar - - 2003
Progesterone (P4) has been implicated as a protective factor for epithelial ovarian cancers, yet little is known about its mechanism of action. We previously reported that pregnancy-equivalent doses of P4 inhibited the growth of normal and malignant human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cells. Here, we investigated how P4-induced cell death ...
Tesfaigzi Yohannes - - 2004
Exposure of pulmonary airways to environmental toxins and allergens may cause proliferation of airway epithelial cells and mucous cell metaplasia (MCM); however, it is unclear to what extent proliferating cells differentiate into mucus-storing cells and contribute to MCM. Our previous studies demonstrated that Bcl-2, an inhibitor of apoptosis with cell ...
Cuisnier Olivier - - 2003
Malignant tumours contain zones of chronic or acute hypoxia, which influence their prognosis and progression. The goal of our study was to understand the role of hypoxia in radio-resistance in a squamous cell carcinoma cell line of the head and neck (KB-3-1 cells). Cell growth was evaluated by Trypan blue ...
Chang Chung-Che - - 2003
We studied mantle B-cell and T-cell ingression in hyperplastic follicles (HFs), follicular lysis (FL), and progressive transformation of germinal centers (PTGC) in 19 paraffin-embedded, H&E-, bcl-2-, CD20-, and CD3-stained lymph nodes. We enumerated the T cells (CD3+) and mantle B cells (bcl-2+/CD3-) per 100 cells in 5 high-power fields of ...
Nakada Toshihide - - 2003
We examined the effects of a novel phenoxazine, 2-amino-4,4alpha-dihydro-4alpha,7-dimethyl-3H-phenoxazine-3-one (Phx), which was produced by the reaction of 2-amino-5-methyl-phenol with bovine hemoglobin on the proliferation of human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell lines, EN and KLE cells, and on induction of apoptosis and G2M arrest in these cells. Phx inhibited proliferation of these ...
Li Laiji - - 2003
Bcl-2, a member of the apoptosis-regulating family of proteins confers a survival advantage on cells by inhibiting apoptosis. Bcl-2 expression is estrogen-responsive and high in various tumors. Overexpression of Bcl-2 has been associated with the loss of contact inhibition, unregulated growth and foci formation in culture. In this study, we ...
Somaï Sonia - - 2003
Estrogens promote cell proliferation in normal and transformed mammary epithelial cells by inducing expression of hormone-responsive genes involved in the cell cycle. The action of antiestrogens is therefore central in regard to their potent inhibitory effects on estrogen-induced cell growth. We used normal human epithelial breast cells from primary cultures ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >