Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1325
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Susanto Hendri - - 2010
to investigate the cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of saponins from Plumeria acuminata Ait on oral squamous carcinoma cells (OSCC). OSCC cells seeded at 2 × 104 cells/well in a 96-well plate were treated with saponins from P. acuminata Ait and cisplatin in various concentrations for 24 h. Trypan blue dye ...
Minogue Ben M - - 2010
Nucleus pulposus (NP) cells have a phenotype similar to articular cartilage (AC) cells. However, the matrix of the NP is clearly different to that of AC suggesting that specific cell phenotypes exist. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that could be used to distinguish bovine NP ...
Li Ting - - 2010
Induction of immunotolerance has become a new strategy for treating autoimmune conditions in recent decades. However, so far there is no ideal therapeutics available for clinical use. Medicinal herbs are a promising potential source of immunotolerance inducers. In the current study, we sought first to optimize conditions for a validated ...
Di Liddo R - - 2010
Several members of the ribonuclease superfamily possess a variety of interesting biological properties, including ribonucleolytic, angiogenic, antiproliferative, cytotoxic, embryotoxic, aspermatogenic and antitumoral activity. In this study, we report the purification from bovine milk of a protein with structural and enzymatic properties very similar to those of ribonuclease-4 (RNase-4), which is ...
Zhao Zhujiang - - 2010
Promoter hypermethylation mediated by DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) is the main reason for epigenetic inactivation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs). Previous studies showed that DNMT1 and DNMT3B play an important role in CpG island methylation in tumorigenesis. Little is known about the role of DNMT3A in this process, especially in hepatocellular ...
Olsen Petter A - - 2010
Formation of site specific genomic double strand breaks (DSBs), induced by the expression of a pair of engineered zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), dramatically increases the rates of homologous recombination (HR) between a specific genomic target and a donor plasmid. However, for the safe use of ZFN induced HR in practical applications, ...
Mangone Marco - - 2010
The human herpes simplex virus-associated host cell factor 1 (HCF-1) is a conserved human transcriptional co-regulator that links positive and negative histone modifying activities with sequence-specific DNA-binding transcription factors. It is synthesized as a 2035 amino acid precursor that is cleaved to generate an amino- (HCF-1(N)) terminal subunit, which promotes ...
Karasawa T - - 2010
Aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity is a major clinical problem. To understand how aminoglycosides, including gentamicin, induce cytotoxicity in the kidney proximal tubule and the inner ear, we identified gentamicin-binding proteins (GBPs) from mouse kidney cells by pulling down GBPs with gentamicin-agarose conjugates and mass spectrometric analysis. Among several GBPs specific ...
Baxter Laura L - - 2010
We describe the creation of a specialized web-accessible database named the Pigment Cell Gene Resource, which contains information on the genetic pathways that regulate pigment cell development and function. This manually curated database is comprised of two sections, an annotated literature section and an interactive transcriptional network diagram. Initially, this ...
Nishino Koichiro - - 2010
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are currently used as powerful resources in regenerative medicine. During very early developmental stages, DNA methylation decreases to an overall low level at the blastocyst stage, from which embryonic stem cells are derived. Therefore, pluripotent stem cells, such as ES and iPS cells, are ...
Sneppen Kim - - 2010
Genes of prokaryotes and Archaea are often organized in cotranscribed groups, or operons. In contrast, eukaryotic genes are generally transcribed independently. Here we show that there is a substantial economic gain for the cell to cotranscribe genes encoding protein complexes because it synchronizes the fluctuations, or noise, in the levels ...
Leong David T - - 2010
Metastatic breast cancer cells frequently and ectopically express the transcription factor RUNX2, which normally attenuates proliferation and promotes maturation of osteoblasts. RUNX2 expression is inversely regulated with respect to cell growth in osteoblasts and deregulated in osteosarcoma cells. Here, we addressed whether the functional relationship between cell growth and RUNX2 ...
Mathison Angela - - 2010
Pancreatic stellate cells are emerging as key players in pathophysiopathological processes underlying the development of pancreatic disease, including pancreatitis and cancer. The cells are scarce in the pancreas making their isolation time and resource use consuming. Therefore, with the ultimate goal of facilitating mechanistic studies, here we report the isolation, ...
Dronamraju Shridhar S SS Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the differential antineoplastic effects of butyrate in cells with and without a functional mismatch repair and to determine the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects. SW48 colon cancer cells in which the MLH1 gene is silenced by promoter hypermethylation and demethylated SW48 cells ...
Izawa Yuki - - 2010
The d1 mutant, which is deficient for the heterotrimeric G-protein alpha subunit (Galpha) gene of rice, shows dwarfism and sets small round seeds. To determine whether dwarfism in d1 is due to a reduction in cell number or to shortened cell length, the cell number of the leaf sheath, the ...
Ichihashi Yasunori - - 2010
Leaves possess intrinsic information about their final size, but the developmental mechanisms setting the limits of growth are not well characterized. By screening enhancer trap lines that show a specific expression pattern in leaf primordia, we isolated one line, 576. This line contains a T-DNA insertion upstream of the basic ...
Nagahara Akira - - 2010
Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) commonly metastasize to the lymph node or lung. However, it remains unclear which genes are associated with TGCT metastasis. The aim of this study was to identify gene(s) that promoted human TGCT metastasis. We intraperitoneally administered conditioned medium (CM) from JKT-1, a cell-line from a ...
Martin Claire - - 2010
Tropomyosin (Tm) polymerises head-to-tail to form a continuous polymer located in the major groove of the actin filament. Multiple Tm isoforms are generated by alternative splicing of four genes, and individual isoforms show specific localisation patterns in many cell types, and can have differing effects on the actin cytoskeleton. Fluorescently-tagged ...
Petrovic Natasa - - 2010
The recent insight that brown adipocytes and muscle cells share a common origin and in this respect are distinct from white adipocytes has spurred questions concerning the origin and molecular characteristics of the UCP1-expressing cells observed in classic white adipose tissue depots under certain physiological or pharmacological conditions. Examining precursors ...
Ottinger Matthias - - 2009
This study systematically examined the viral long control region (LCR) activities and their responses to E2 for human papillomavirus (HPV) types 11, 16, and 18 as well as bovine papillomavirus 1 (BPV1) in a number of different cell types, including human cervical cancer cell lines, human oral keratinocytes, BJ fibroblasts, ...
Martínez-Estrada Ofelia M OM MRC Human Genetics Unit and Institute for Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Edinburgh, - - 2010
The epicardial epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is hypothesized to generate cardiovascular progenitor cells that differentiate into various cell types, including coronary smooth muscle and endothelial cells, perivascular and cardiac interstitial fibroblasts and cardiomyocytes. Here we show that an epicardial-specific knockout of the gene encoding Wilms' tumor-1 (Wt1) leads to a reduction ...
Hu Fen - - 2010
Although the zinc finger-homeodomain transcription factor deltaEF1 is implied as a regulatory factor at the crossroad between proliferation and differentiation in carcinogenesis, its potential effect in the regulation of cell cycle progression has not been well elucidated. In our present study, we provide novel finding that, in breast cancer, the ...
Chen Chiung-Mei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 17 (SCA17) involves the expression of a CAG/CAA expansion mutation in the gene encoding TATA-box binding protein (TBP), a general transcription initiation factor. The spectrum of SCA17 clinical presentation is broad. METHODS: We screened for triplet expansion in the TBP gene in Taiwanese Parkinson's disease (PD), ...
Basso Katia - - 2010
BCL6 is a transcriptional repressor required for mature B-cell germinal center (GC) formation and implicated in lymphomagenesis. BCL6's physiologic function is only partially known because the complete set of its targets in GC B cells has not been identified. To address this issue, we used an integrated biochemical-computational-functional approach to ...
Kwon So Hyun - - 2009
In an effort to elucidate biological functions of transcription factors of Brassica rapa L. (ssp. pekinensis), an NGATHA homolog, BrNGA1, that belongs to the B3-type transcription factor superfamily was identified and expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. Arabidopsis plants overexpressing BrNGA1, ...
Schild Carolin - - 2009
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling controls survival and proliferation of cancer cells and is activated in around 60% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). Although not entirely clarified, PI3K signaling is linked to cell cycle progression of PDAC cells. In this study we demonstrate that PI3K signaling controls transcription of the E2F1 ...
Yang Bo - - 2009
Background and Objective: LRP16 is a human novel gene linked to leukemia identified recently. However, its biological function is not fully clarified so far. This study was to investigate the biological function of human LRP16 gene by database-aided bioinformatics analysis. Methods: The structures and functions of LRP16 gene promoter and ...
Kinjo Tatsuya - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of tricyclic antidepressant desipramine (DMI) on the growth inhibition and translocation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in cancerous and noncancerous cell lines and the effect of DMI on GR-mediated transcription. Nontumorigenic, immortalized keratinocytes cell ...
Hiratani Ichiro - - 2010
Differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) is accompanied by changes in replication timing. To explore the relationship between replication timing and cell fate transitions, we constructed genome-wide replication-timing profiles of 22 independent mouse cell lines representing 10 stages of early mouse development, and transcription profiles for seven of these ...
Zhang Ting-ting - - 2010
Ab affinity maturation within germinal centers (GCs) requires weeks to complete. Several signaling pathways in B cells have been shown to be required for initiation of the GC response; however, the signaling checkpoints controlling progression and eventual dissolution of the GC reaction are poorly understood. The adaptor protein Bam32/DAPP1 was ...
Sancho-Bru Pau - - 2010
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) and other fibrogenic cell types are frequently found around hepatocellular carcinoma. It is unknown whether hepatocarcinoma cells regulate the biological functions of HSC. This study aimed to investigate the paracrine effects of hepatocarcinoma cells on human HSC using a co-culture system. Huh7 or HepG2 cells, ...
Ota Ichiro - - 2009
The ability of carcinoma cells arising at primary sites to cross their underlying basement membrane (BM), a specialized form of extracellular matrix that subtends all epithelial cells, and to access the host vasculature are central features of the malignant phenotype. The initiation of the invasive phenotype has been linked to ...
Bussmann Lars H - - 2009
Here we describe a lineage reprogramming system consisting of a B cell line with an estradiol-inducible form of C/EBPalpha where cells can be converted into macrophage-like cells at 100% efficiency within 2 to 3 days. The reprogrammed cells are larger, contain altered organelle and cytoskeletal structures, are phagocytic, and exhibit ...
Nakamura Noriko - - 2010
Mammalian sperm require ATP for motility, and most of it is generated by glycolysis. The glycolytic enzymes segregate to the principal piece region of the flagellum, where some are bound tightly to a novel cytoskeletal structure defining this region, the fibrous sheath (FS), and others are easily extracted with detergents. ...
Azar Rania - - 2009
Assembly of the multi-subunit eukaryotic translation initiation factor-4F (eIF4F) is critical for protein synthesis and cell growth and proliferation. eIF4F formation is regulated by the translation-inhibitory protein 4E-BP1. While proliferation factors and intracellular pathways that impinge upon 4E-BP1 phosphorylation have been extensively studied, how they control 4E-BP1 expression remains unknown. ...
Kunapuli Padmaja - - 2010
The LGI1 gene suppresses invasion in glioma cells and predisposes to epilepsy. In a gene expression array comparison between parental cells and T98G cell clones forced to express LGI1, we demonstrate that the canonical axon guidance pathway is the most significantly affected. In particular, aspects of axon guidance that involve ...
Sun Huan - - 2010
To identify the possible microRNAs (miRNAs) which target the polycystic kidney disease-2 gene (PKD2), and clarify effects of the miRNAs on PKD2. We preliminarily used bioinformatics to analyze 3'UTR (3'untranslated regions) of PKD1 and PKD2 in order to predict the potential microRNAs targeted on them. Subsequently, the stable cell lines ...
Seo Minchul - - 2010
Here we describe the identification of novel cell migration-promoting genes based on an unbiased functional genetic screen in cultured cells. After the introduction of the retroviral mouse brain cDNA library into NIH3T3 mouse fibroblast cells, migration-promoted cells were selected by a 3-dimensional migration assay using cell culture inserts. After 5 ...
Acharya Moulinath - - 2009
Mutations in the homeobox transcription factor PITX2 result in Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS), which is associated with anterior segment dysgenesis and an increased risk of glaucoma. To understand the pathogenesis of the defects resulting from PITX2 mutations, it is essential to know the normal functions of PITX2 and its interaction with ...
Sahni Nidhi - - 2009
To mate, MTL-homozygous strains of the yeast pathogen Candida albicans must switch from the white to opaque phase. Mating-competent opaque cells then release pheromone that induces polarization, a G1 block and conjugation tube formation in opaque cells of opposite mating type. Pheromone also induces mating-incompetent white cells to become adhesive ...
Gu Junxia - - 2009
Elongator complex has been associated with hyperphosphorylated RNA polymerase II and is known to play critical roles in transcriptional elongation, as well as in tRNA modification and exocytosis. However, the specific mechanism of how human Elongator complex regulates cell growth and cell cycle remains unclear. To investigate the composition of ...
Zmijewski M A - - 2009
Previously, using cultured human epidermal keratinocytes we have demonstrated that the activity of CRF1 receptor can be modulated by the process of alternative splicing. This phenomenon has been further investigated in the mouse corticotroph AtT-20 cell line. In the cells, transiently transfected with the plasmids coding human CRF1 isoforms, only ...
Di Talia Stefano - - 2009
In budding yeast, asymmetric cell division yields a larger mother and a smaller daughter cell, which transcribe different genes due to the daughter-specific transcription factors Ace2 and Ash1. Cell size control at the Start checkpoint has long been considered to be a main regulator of the length of the G1 ...
Ondracek Caitlin R - - 2009
The human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and Huh7 have been used extensively to study hepatitis B virus (HBV) transcription and replication. Both cell lines support transcription of the 3.5-kb viral pregenomic RNA and subsequent viral DNA synthesis by reverse transcription. The effects of the coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator ...
Li Qiong - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: MicroRNAs are a class of small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate the expression of their target genes. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of microRNA on biological behaviors of HepG2 cells and further analyze its characteristics. METHODS: We detected different expression profiles ...
Law Alice Y S - - 2010
Stanniocalcin-2 (STC2), the paralog of STC1, has been suggested as a novel target of oxidative stress response to protect cells from apoptosis. The expression of STC2 has been reported to be highly correlated with human cancer development. In this study, we reported that STC2 is a HIF-1 target gene and ...
Li Xiaodong - - 2010
Overexpression, genetic amplification and mutations of p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) were found in a variety of human cancers. PAK4 regulated actin cytoskeleton reorganization by phosphorylating LIMK1 and promoted cancer cells migration. Using yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified a novel PAK4 binding protein, DGCR6L, which was associated with cancer cell metastasis. ...
Lin Hung-Chi - - 2009
S-Adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) is a risk factor for many diseases, including tumor progression and neurodegenerative disease. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that SAH may indirectly enhance the invasion of C6 glioma cells by induction of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) secreted from the murine microglia BV2 cells. We obtained conditioned medium ...
Chang Suhwan - - 2009
To date, inheritance of a mutant BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene is the best-established indicator of an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Sequence analysis of these genes is being used to identify BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, though these efforts are hampered by the high frequency of variants of unknown clinical significance ...
Young Ryan M - - 2009
We sought to determine the contributions of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) to the pathogenesis of B-cell lymphomas. We found that T-cell PTP (TC-PTP) was overexpressed in transformed B cells. We hypothesized that TC-PTP may be a tumor-promoting gene that is regulated by MYC overexpression in B cells. Knockdown of TC-PTP ...
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