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Results 201 - 250 of 1325
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Priyandoko Didik - - 2011
The present day lifestyle heavily depends on industrial chemicals in the form of agriculture, cosmetics, textiles and medical products. Since the toxicity of the industrial chemicals has been a concern to human health, the need for alternative non-toxic natural products or adjuvants that serve as antidotes are in high demand. ...
Inácio Ângela S - - 2011
The need for woman-controlled, cheap, safe, effective, easy-to-use and easy-to-store topical applications for prophylaxis against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) makes surfactant-containing formulations an interesting option that requires a more fundamental knowledge concerning surfactant toxicology and structure-activity relationships. We report in vitro effects of surfactant concentration, exposure time and structure on ...
Kroll Alexandra - - 2011
Engineered nanomaterials display unique properties that may have impact on human health, and thus require a reliable evaluation of their potential toxicity. Here, we performed a standardized in vitro screening of 23 engineered nanomaterials. We thoroughly characterized the physicochemical properties of the nanomaterials and adapted three classical in vitro toxicity ...
Hou Jiangping - - 2011
To investigate the safety and inhibitory effects of hexadecyloxypropyl 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy) ethyl] guanine (HDP-PMEG) on ocular cell proliferation and collagen matrix contraction. For the antiproliferation studies, various ocular cell monolayers were exposed to HDP-PMEG, PMEG, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and daunorubicin (DNB). For the collagen contraction studies, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells seeded ...
Pujalté Igor - - 2011
Some manufactured nanoparticles are metal-based and have a wide variety of applications in electronic, engineering and medicine. Until now, many studies have described the potential toxicity of NPs on pulmonary target, while little attention has been paid to kidney which is considered to be a secondary target organ. The objective ...
Hermawan Idam - - 2011
A new acetylenic alkaloid was isolated from the sponge Leucetta sp. The structure was established by analyzing spectroscopic data. The alkaloid showed cytotoxicity IC₅₀ 2.5 μg/mL against NBT-T2 cells.
Che Xiao-Fang - - 2011
We examined intracellular pH (pHi) of ten cancer cell lines derived from different organs and two normal cell lines including human embryonic lung fibroblast cells (HEL) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in vitro, and found that pHi of most of these cancer cells was evidently higher (pH 7.5 ...
Kim Kyu Kwang - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to investigate the specific effects of Iron(III)-salophene (Fe-SP) on viability, morphology, proliferation, cell cycle progression, ROS generation and pro-apoptotic MAPK activation in neuroblastoma (NB) cells. A NCI-DTP cancer screen revealed that Fe-SP displayed high toxicity against cell lines of different tumor origin but ...
Parker Dorothy L - - 2011
Chromium is a contaminant of concern that is found in drinking water in its soluble, hexavalent form [Cr(VI)] and that is known to be toxic to eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Trivalent chromium [Cr(III)] is thought to be largely harmless due to its low solubility and inability to enter cells. Previous work ...
Gouazé-Andersson Valérie - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the therapeutic efficacy of fenretinide (4-HPR), a ceramide-generating anticancer agent, could be enhanced in prostate cancer cells by inclusion of a novel synthetic acid ceramidase (AC) inhibitor, DM102, a pivaloylamide of a 2-substituted aminoethanol. In prostate cancer, AC plays a role ...
Sri-In Piyawit - - 2010
Four new oligostilbenes, macrostachyols A-D (1-4) along with six known stilbenoids (5-10), were isolated from the roots of Gnetum macrostachyum. These compounds were also evaluated for their cytotoxicity towards HeLa and KB cell lines. Only compound 4 showed the significant cytotoxicity to HeLa cells with IC(50) value of 4.13μM.
Kafi Md Abdul - - 2010
A cell-based chip was fabricated for the electrochemical detection of the dose-dependent effects of bisphenol-A (BPA) on neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y), which showed dual-mode correlation as a standard curve. Toxicity assessment of BPA became very important in environmental toxicants detection since BPA can be reached out easily from various common plastic-based ...
Tanti Nicole C - - 2010
PURPOSE.: To assess, in vitro, the effect of the release of contact lens multipurpose solutions (MPS) from two silicone hydrogel lenses on human corneal epithelial cells. METHODS.: A monolayer of immortalized human corneal epithelial cells was seeded in a 24-well plate in keratinocyte serum-free medium. Lotrafilcon A (LA) and balafilcon ...
Okello E J - - 2010
There is mounting evidence that the deposition and aggregation of β-amyloid peptides (Aβ) in the brain play a significant role in the development and pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. There is further evidence that free radical species such as hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) mediate Aβ induced toxicity. Previous studies have demonstrated that ...
Yu Le - - 2010
Clinically, high cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression has been reported to be associated with reduced cisplatin-based therapy efficacy in esophageal cancer. However, the benefit of including COX-2 selective inhibitors in therapeutic regimens remains uncertain. Thus, we sought to determine the effects of COX inhibitors on the cytotoxicity of cisplatin and further ...
Kwolek-Mirek Magdalena - - 2011
Acrylamide is known as a cytotoxic and genotoxic component of starch-containing heat-processed food. We demonstrate that yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae may be used as a cellular model to examine the biochemical mechanisms of acrylamide toxicity. We found that acrylamide causes impairment of growth of the yeast deficient in Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Δsod1) ...
Liu Hai - - 2010
Two new steroidal saponins, diosbulbisides D ( 1) and E ( 2), along with five known saponins ( 3- 7) were isolated from the rhizomes of DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA L. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral data. Compounds 6 and 7, two 3- O-trisaccharides of diosgenin spirostanes, showed ...
Ramkissoon Annmarie - - 2010
Neurotoxicity of the amphetamine analogs methamphetamine (METH) and 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) (the active metabolite of Ecstasy) may involve their PHS-dependent bioactivation to free radical intermediates that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidatively damage cellular macromolecules. We used CHO-K1 cell lines either untransfected or stably expressing human prostaglandin H synthase-1 (hPHS-1) ...
Zhang Qin - - 2011
A series of curcumin analogues with different substituents at the 4-position of the phenyl group were synthesized and screened for in vitro cytotoxicity against a panel of human cancer cell lines. Several novel curcumin analogues, especially 32 and 34, exhibited selective and potent cytotoxic activity against human epidermoid carcinoma cell ...
Wu Jong-C - - 2010
Dicrotophos is a systemic insecticide with a wide range of applications. We investigated the genotoxicity of dicrotophos using the Ames test, the chromosome aberration test in CHO-K1 cells, and the comet assay in the Hep G2 cells, while this chemicals' toxicity to both the cell lines was evaluated with the ...
Wahab Rizwan - - 2011
ZnO nanostructures of diverse shape were grown via a solution process with different precursors and conditions. Morphological investigation of the nanostructures was carried out using field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission microscopy observations and revealed that the nanostructures exhibit a wurtzite phase with an ideal lattice fringe distance of ...
Guil-Guerrero José Luis - - 2011
Abstract The cytotoxic effects of extracts of the tomato variety "Racimo" have been evaluated through the use of the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay at several concentrations. Three extracts-ethanol-water, petroleum ether, and in vitro digested tomato-exhibited in vitro cytotoxicity against the proliferation of the cultured cancer cell line HT-29. The concentration ...
Zakharova Ol'ga D - - 2011
Fluorinated derivatives of 1,4-naphthoquinones are highly potent inhibitors of Cdc25A and Cdc25B phosphatases and growth of tumor cells. Eight new derivatives of polyfluoro-1,4-naphthoquinone were synthesized and their cytotoxicity in human myeloma, human mammary adenocarcinoma, mouse fibroblasts and primary mouse fibroblast cells as well as their mutagenic and antioxidant properties in ...
Wisniewska-Jarosinska Maria - - 2011
Dental composite materials contain polymers of methacrylates, which, due to mechanical abrasion and enzymatic action of saliva, may release their monomers into oral cavity and the pulp. Moreover, polymerization is always incomplete and leaves usually considerable fraction of free monomers. Mechanisms of the genotoxicity of methacrylate monomers have been rarely ...
Chang Yanli - - 2011
Graphene and its derivatives have attracted great research interest for their potential applications in electronics, energy, materials and biomedical areas. However, little information of their toxicity and biocompatibility is available. Herein, we performed a comprehensive study on the toxicity of graphene oxide (GO) by examining the influences of GO on ...
Ada Kezban - - 2010
The aim of this study was to observe the cytotoxicity and apoptotic effects of nickel oxide nanoparticles on human cervix epithelioid carcinoma cell line (HeLa). Nickel oxide precursors were synthesized by an nickel sulphate-excess urea reaction in boiling aqueous solution. The synthesized NiO nanoparticles (<200 nm) were investigated by X-ray ...
Wang Yun - - 2010
With rapid development of nanotechnology, concerns about the possible adverse health effects on human beings by using nanomaterials have been raised. Transparent yellow iron oxide (alpha-FeOOH) nanoparticles have been widely used in paints, plastic, rubber, building materials, papermaking, food products and pharmaceutical industry, thus the potential health implications by the ...
Kudo Yuichiro - - 2010
This study was carried out to assess the cytotoxicity of three kinds of refractory fibers (RFs), RF1, RF2, and RF3, by cell magnetometry, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay and morphological observation by scanning electron microscopy, using a mouse-derived cultured cell line, RAW264.7. As an indicator for cell magnetometry, Fe(3)O(4) was added ...
Soenen Stefaan J H - - 2010
The range of different types of nanoparticles and their biomedical applications is rapidly growing, creating a need to thoroughly examine the effects these particles have on biological entities. One of the most commonly used nanoparticle types is iron oxide nanoparticles, which can be used as MRI contrast agents. The main ...
Ki Kyeong Ho - - 2010
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have been used to knockdown specific gene expression in various cells. Astrocytes and microglial cells play a key role in fundamental central nervous system functions and in chronic neuroinflammation. The aims of this study were to determine the optimal concentration of siRNA demonstrating efficient transfection and ...
Rassouli Fatemeh Behnam - - 2011
Transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs), which account for 90% of bladder cancers, arise from the transitional epithelium of bladder. Cisplatin is a chemotherapeutic drug used to treat bladder cancer, but intrinsic and acquired resistance to cisplatin limit its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of mogoltacin, ...
Tantithanaporn S - - 2011
An investigation of the chemical constituents in a dichloromethnae extract of Goniothalamus undulatus root led to the isolation of three known styryl lactones (5-acetoxyisogoniothalamin oxide, O-acetylaltholactone and altholactone), and four known annonaceous acetogenins (annonacin, cis-annonacin, goniothalamicin and cis-goniothalamicin). These compounds were subjected to a sulphorhodamine B (SRB) cytotoxicity assay against ...
Mao Qing-Qiu - - 2011
Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that total glycosides of peony (TGP) produced antidepressant-like action in various mouse models of behavioral despair. However, the molecular mechanism by which TGP exerts antidepressant-like effect is not fully understood. This study examined the protective ffects of TGP against corticosterone-induced neurotoxicity in rat ...
Lee Jin - - 2011
Cadmium chloride is a well-known carcinogenic and immunotoxic metal chemical, which is commonly found in cigarette smoke and industrial effluent and which is able to cause cell cycle arrest in various cell lines. This study demonstrated that glycoprotein (116 kDa) isolated from Ulmus Davidiana Nakai (UDN) is able to normalize cell ...
Akrami Hassan - - 2011
To evaluate the knockdown of placental growth factor (PlGF) gene expression in human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells and its effect on cell proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenic potential of RPE cells. Human RPE cells were isolated by dispase I solution and cultured in DMEM/F12 supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum ...
Kanno Syu-ichi - - 2011
Fish oil-containing diets rich in cis-4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) provide protection against tumorigenesis. The mechanisms of the cytotoxic effects of DHA include the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Albumin has antioxidant property and binds fatty acids, it may protect the cells against the DHA-induced cytotoxicity. In this study, we compared ...
Loukeris Kristina - - 2012
Fine needle aspirations biopsies, CT-guided and endobronchial ultrasound-guided, as a mode of diagnosing and/or staging lung carcinoma, are becoming more frequent. Also, there is greater necessity for classification of lung cancers into subcategories of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma for appropriate management. Cytomorphology, based on smears alone, allows this classification ...
Papis Elena - - 2011
Relative cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of a widely used antibiotic, trimethoprim (TRIMP) was evaluated under in vitro conditions using rainbow trout gonad-2 (RTG-2) and Chinese hamster ovary-K1 (CHO-K1) cells. Whilst cytotoxicity was determined using neutral red retention (NRR) assay, the genotoxicity was determined using single cell gel electrophoresis or the Comet ...
Salomon Johanna J - - 2010
P-glycoprotein/MDR1 (P-gp) is a well-characterised membrane transporter relevant in drug disposition and multi-drug resistance. In this study, we aimed to investigate how far nanoparticulates impair the function of the P-gp transport system and which particle properties govern these interactions. Expression and function of P-gp was confirmed in A549 cell monolayers. ...
Shukla Ritesh K - - 2011
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) are among the top five NPs used in consumer products, paints and pharmaceutical preparations. Since, exposure to such nanoparticles is mainly through the skin and inhalation, the present study was conducted in the human epidermal cells (A431). A mild cytotoxic response of TiO(2) NPs was ...
Mugabe C - - 2011
In this study we report the development and in vitro characterization of paclitaxel (PTX) and docetaxel (DTX) loaded into hydrophobically derivatized hyperbranched polyglycerols (HPGs). Several HPGs derivatized with hydrophobic groups (C(8/10) alkyl chains) (HPG-C(8/10)-OH) and/or methoxy polyethylene glycol (MePEG) chains (HPG-C(8/10)-MePEG) were synthesized. PTX or DTX were loaded into these ...
Jutras Stephanie - - 2010
The standard chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients is currently a combination of taxane and platinum. However, most EOC patients still suffer relapses, and there is an immediate need for the development of novel and more effective therapeutic modalities against this deadly disease. Recently, the nonpeptide bradykinin (BK) antagonist ...
de Oliveira Diêgo Madureira - - 2011
Paullinia cupana Mart. var. Sorbilis, commonly known as Guaraná, is a Brazilian plant frequently cited for its antioxidant properties and different pharmacological activities on the central nervous system. The potential beneficial uses of Guaraná in neurodegenerative disorders, such as in Parkinson's disease (PD), the pathogenesis of which is associated with ...
Mulder Jeanne E - - 2011
Amiodarone (AM) is a potent antidysrhythmic agent that can cause potentially life-threatening pulmonary fibrosis, and N-desethylamiodarone (DEA), an AM metabolite, may contribute to AM toxicity. Apoptotic cell death in nontransformed human peripheral lung epithelial 1A (HPL1A) cells was assessed by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (ann-V) staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP ...
Verma Amit - - 2010
Calreticulin (CRT), an endoplasmic reticulum resident protein demonstrates transacetylase activity in presence of 7, 8 diacetoxy-4-methyl coumarin (DAMC) in vitro. To investigate the possible role of CRT and DAMC mediated protein acetylation in cells, we investigated the effects of DAMC in tumor cells with different levels of CRT. DAMC was ...
Passiatore Giovanni - - 2010
Inhibitor of differentiation-1 (Id-1) is a member of helix-loop-helix (HLH) family of proteins that regulate gene transcription through their inhibitory binding to basic-HLH transcription factors. Similarly to other members of this family, Id-1 is involved in the repression of cell differentiation, and activation of cell growth. The dual function of ...
Okumura Shiro - - 2010
Parasporin-4 (PS4) is a cytotoxic protein produced by Bacillus thuringiensis strain A1470. It exhibits specific cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines, CACO-2, Sawano, and MOLT-4 cells, in particular. When cells were administrated with PS4, cell swelling and nuclear shrinkage were induced, and, the ballooned cells burst within 24h. PSI-BLAST search ...
Park Kwang-Il - - 2011
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is a widely used medicinal herb in several Asian countries including Korea. The various medicinal properties attributed to Scutellaria baicalensis include anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. The present study investigated the cytotoxicity of Scutellaria baicalensis water extract (SBWE) on A549 non-small-cell-lung cancer cells and the A549 ...
Møller Charlotte - - 2010
The accumulation and cytotoxicity of a 10 μmol L(-1) equimolar human serum albumin-cisplatin adduct (HSA-Pt) was investigated in suspension Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Cells (EATC) and adherent Ehrlich Lettré Ascites Cells (Lettré). HSA-Pt did not induce apoptosis nor was it taken up by the cells to any significant amount within 24 ...
DeKoter Rodney P - - 2010
Splenic B-2 cells can be divided into two major subsets: follicular (FO) and marginal zone (MZ) B cells. FO and MZ B cells are generated from immature transitional B cells. Few transcription factors have been identified that regulate FO B cell differentiation. The highly related proteins PU.1, Spi-B, and Spi-C ...
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