Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1330
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ji Ning-Fei - - 2011
Background and objective: The extracts of Cordyceps sinensis (Berk) Sacc (CS) have been used as a traditional medicine for centuries. However, few studies have examined the adjuvant action of CS in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). So the aim of this study is to investigate the adjuvant ...
Vieira-Júnior Gerardo M - - 2011
Four new clerodane diterpenes, casearupestrins A-D (1-4), were isolated from the leaves of Casearia rupestris. Compounds 1 and 4 were acetylated to yield 2,7-di-O-acetylcasearupestrin A (5) and 2,6-di-O-acetylcasearupestrin D (6). All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxicity against a small panel of human cancer cell lines. Casearupestrin A (1) exhibited the ...
Kikuchi Takashi - - 2011
Thirty-five limonoids, including 15 of the azadiradione type (1-15), five of the gedunin type (16-20), four of the azadirachtin type (21-24), nine of the nimbin type (25-33), and two degraded limonoids (34, 35), isolated from Azadirachta indica seed extracts, were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell ...
Sorragi Cláudia de Lourdes - - 2011
Drug-eluting stents (DES) were developed to combat the problem of in-stent restenosis, and evaluating the biological activity from DES systems is critical for its safety and efficacy. To test the cytotoxicity of nitric oxide (NO) donor-containing polymers for their potential use in DES applications, S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) or in combination with ...
Kung K S - - 2011
3T3 fibroblasts cultured on microgrooved polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surfaces of two different widths (25μm and 55μm) were individually tracked using confocal microscopy with a novel live-cell staining technique over several hours without noticeable cytotoxic effects. By quantifying the cell morphology, orientation, and migration over time, we identified the timescale (about 2-4h ...
Trzeciakiewicz Anna - - 2011
The cyclization of anticancer drugs into active intermediates has been reported mainly for DNA alkylating molecules including nitrosoureas. We previously defined the original cytotoxic mechanism of anticancerous N-phenyl N'(2-chloroethyl)ureas (CEUs) that involves their reactivity towards cellular proteins and not against DNA; two CEUs subsets have been shown to alkylate β-tubulin ...
Kamal Ahmed - - 2011
A series of novel conjugates of 4-aza-2,3-didehydropodophyllotoxins (11a-w) were synthesized by a straightforward one-step multicomponent synthesis that demonstrated cytotoxicity against five human cancer cell lines (breast, oral, colon, lung and ovarian). All the twenty three compounds (11a-w) have been examined for the inhibition of tubulin polymerization. Among these compounds, 11a, ...
Sendeski Mauricio M - - 2011
1. This review focuses on the cytotoxic effects of iodinated contrast media (CM) that are shared by all types of CM. 2. Although the clinical nephrotoxicity of CM has been progressively improved, all currently available CM still possess a level of cytotoxicity, which is probably caused by iodine. 3. The ...
Khoshmanesh Khashayar - - 2011
Quantification of programmed and accidental cell death provides useful end-points for the anticancer drug efficacy assessment. Cell death is, however, a stochastic process. Therefore, the opportunity to dynamically quantify individual cellular states is advantageous over the commonly employed static, end-point assays. In this work, we describe the development and application ...
Chen Jing - - 2011
A series of novel γ-carboline ketones were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in vitro against six human cancer cell lines (A549, SGC, HCT116, MCF-7, K562 and K562R). Biological evaluation revealed that almost all of the new compounds displayed moderate to potent cytotoxic activities against the tested cells. ...
Radošević Kristina - - 2011
The effects of synthetic estrogens 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) and diethylstilbestrol (DES) were compared on cell proliferation and morphology in Channel Catfish Ovary (CCO) and Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO-K1) cells. EE2 exposure (0.1 and 0.5 μg/mL) induced stimulatory effect on CCO and CHO-K1 cell proliferation, while higher concentrations (1-10 μg/mL) showed cytotoxic effects. Increase ...
Bohnert Markus - - 2011
Melleolide sesquiterpene aryl esters are secondary products of the mushroom genus Armillaria. We compared the cytotoxicity of eleven melleolides-five thereof are new natural products-against four human cancer cell lines. Armillaridin, 4-O-methylarmillaridin, and dehydroarmillylorsellinate were most active, at IC(50)=3.0, 4.1 and 5.0μM, respectively, against Jurkat T cells for the former two ...
Karapınar-Kazandağ M - - 2011
To investigate the cytotoxicity of five root canal sealers on L929 mouse fibroblasts and primary human dental pulp cells. Cylindrical specimens of AH Plus (Dentsply De Trey GmbH, Konstanz, Germany), RoekoSeal (Coltène Whaledent, Langenau, Germany), EndoREZ (Ultradent Products Inc., South Jordan, UT, USA), Epiphany (Pentron Clinical Technologies, LLCC, Wallingford, CT, ...
Chen Jih-Jung - - 2011
Six aporphine alkaloids, (+)-(S)-N-butyrylcaaverine (1), (+)-(S)-N-propionylcaaverine (2), (+)-(S)-N-acetylcaaverine (3), (+)-(6aR,7R)-N-butyrylnorushinsunine (4), (+)-(6aR,7R,E)-N-(but-2-enoyl)norushinsunine (5), and N-formyldehydrocaaverine (6) were isolated from the roots of Illigera luzonensis, together with 16 known compounds. Their structures were determined through spectroscopic and MS analyses. Among the isolates, (-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin (13) was the most cytotoxic, with IC(50) values ...
Songsiang Uraiwan - - 2011
Four new carbazole alkaloids, claurailas A-D (1-4), as well as 12known carbazoles and three known coumarins were isolated from the roots of Clausena harmandiana. Heptaphylline (6) and 7-methoxyheptaphylline (7) showed strong cytotoxicity against NCI-H187 and KB cell lines with IC(50) values ranging from 1.3 to 2.7 μM. Compound 7 showed ...
Makarasen Arthit - - 2011
The cytotoxic activity of five alkaloids, namely 4,5-dioxo-dehydrocrebanine ( 1), dehydrocrebanine ( 2), crebanine ( 3), oxostephanine ( 4), and thailandine ( 5) isolated from the tuber and leaves of STEPHANIA VENOSA (Blume) Spreng was investigated. Thailandine showed the strongest activity against lung carcinoma cells (A549) (IC (50) of 0.30 ...
Obaidat Amanda - - 2011
The present study was undertaken to compare the cellular transport characteristics of [(3)H]NPI-0052 (1R,4R,5S)-4-(2-chloroethyl)-1-((S)-((S)-cyclohex-2-enyl)(hydroxy)methyl)-5-methyl-6-oxa-2-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3,7-dione (marizomib; salinosporamide A) and [(3)H]NPI-0047 (1R,4R, 5S)-1-((S)-((S)-cyclohex-2-enyl)(hydroxy)methyl)-4-ethyl-5-methyl-6-oxa-2-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-3,7-dione in RPMI 8226 multiple myeloma and PC-3 prostate adenocarcinoma cells to determine whether these properties explain differences in the cytotoxic potencies of these chemical analogs. The results indicate that ...
Liu Tao - - 2011
A series of cis-restricted 4,5-diaryl-3-aminopyrazole derivatives were synthesized and tested for their cytotoxic activity in vitro against five human cancer cell lines (K562, ECA-109, A549, SMMC-7721, and PC-3). Compounds 5a, 5b, 5d, and 6b showed potent cytotoxicity against all tested cell lines. Primary mechanism research on compound 5a indicated that ...
Gomes Cornélio Ana Lívia - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxicity of white Portland cement (PC) alone or associated with bismuth oxide (PCBi), zirconium oxide (PCZir), and calcium tungstate (PCCa) in 2 cell lineages. Murine periodontal ligament cells (mPDL) and rat osteosarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8) were exposed for 24 hours to ...
Mulac Dennis - - 2011
Ergot alkaloids are secondary metabolites produced by fungi of the species Claviceps. Toxic effects after consumption of contaminated grains are described since mediaeval times. Of the more than 40 known ergot alkaloids six are found predominantly. These are ergotamine, ergocornine, ergocryptine, ergocristine, ergosine and ergometrine, along with their corresponding isomeric ...
Jitsuno Maki - - 2011
An alcoholic extract of Lycoris albiflora (Amaryllidaceae) showed potent cytotoxic activity against HL-60 cells with an IC50 value of 1.7 microg/mL. Phytochemical examination of the extract resulted in the isolation of 15 alkaloids, including two phenanthridine-type alkaloids (1, 2), one benzylphenethylamine-type alkaloid (3), two crinane-type alkaloids (4, 5), one pyrrolophenanthridine-type ...
Mittal Sandeep - - 2011
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are well known for their exceptional thermal, mechanical and electrical properties. For many CNT applications it is of the foremost importance to know their health hazards related to their exposure. Normal human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) has been used for assessment the cytotoxicity of SWCNT (Diameter--1.2-1.5 nm) ...
Onishi Yoshiaki - - 2011
Circadian rhythm of vital processes is essential to health, and various tissues show unique peripheral rhythms. HSG is the human submandibular gland cell line that has been used for analysing the effects of steroids and growth factors. In the present study, we analysed the transcriptional regulation of the BMAL1 gene, ...
Jugan M L - - 2011
Titania nanoparticles are produced by tons, and included in commercial products, raising concerns about their potential impact on human health. This study relates their cytotoxic and genotoxic impact on a cell line representative of human lung, namely A549 alveolar epithelial cells.
Kuete Victor - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Several medicinal plants and spices are used traditionally to treat cancers in Cameroon. AIM: Methanol extracts from thirty four spices and plants, with related ethnobotanical use were investigated for their in vitro cytotoxicity on the human pancreatic cancer cell line MiaPaCa-2, leukemia CCRF-CEM cells and their multidrug resistant ...
Wu Ya-Na - - 2011
Gold-coated iron nanoparticles (NPs) selectively and significantly (P <0.0001) inhibit proliferation of oral- and colorectal-cancer cells in vitro at doses as low as 5 μg/mL, but have little adverse effect on normal healthy control cells. The particle treatment caused delay in cell-cycle progression, especially in the S-phase. There was no ...
Beattie Karren D - - 2011
Fifteen Australian macrofungi were investigated for cytotoxic activity. Ethanol, cold and hot water extracts of each species were screened for cytotoxic activity against normal mouse fibroblast cells (NIH/3T3), healthy human epithelial kidney cells (HEK-293) and four cancer cell lines; gastric adenocarcinoma cells (AGS), two mammary gland adenocarcinoma cells (MDA-MB-231, MCF7) ...
Aldieri Elisabetta - - 2011
Rationale. Asbestos is a naturally occurring fibrous silicate, whose inhalation is highly related to the risk of developing malignant mesothelioma (MM), and crocidolite is one of its most oncogenic types. The mechanism by which asbestos may cause MM is still unclear. We have previously observed that crocidolite in human MM ...
Defaux Julien - - 2011
A series of 19 huprines has been evaluated for their activity against cultured bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei and Plasmodium falciparum. Moreover, cytotoxicity against rat myoblast L6 cells was assessed for selected huprines. All the tested huprines are moderately potent and selective trypanocidal agents, exhibiting IC(50) values against T. brucei ...
Mutlu N Başaran - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the transportations of rivastigmine containing from various liposome formulations through Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells monolayer and to compare the in vitro test results with in vivo. There is no other liposome formulation of rivastigmine and the transportations of rivastigmine through ...
Lasalvia M - - 2011
Morphological changes of normal human keratinocyte cells have been monitored by means of atomic force microscopy after the exposure at a mercury solution containing HgCl(2) at 10(-7)  M. The measurements have been carried out in contact mode in a thermostated liquid cell, to reproduce a cellular environment similar to the ...
Thakor Avnesh S AS Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Department of Radiology, Stanford University, The James H. Clark Center, 318 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305-5427, - - 2011
Polyethylene glycol (PEG)ylated Raman-active gold nanoparticles (PEG-R-AuNPs) consist of an interchangeable Raman organic molecule layer held onto a gold nanocore by a silica shell. PEG-R-AuNPs have been shown preclinically to increase the sensitivity and specificity of Raman spectroscopy, with picomolar sensitivity and multiplexing capabilities. Although clinical trials are being designed ...
Ishikawa Tsutomu - - 2011
Preliminary examination for the structure-activity relationship of quinone monooxime derivatives on cytotoxicity against HeLa S3 cell and further trials using eight different cell lines suggested that 2-aryl-6,7-methylenedioxy-1,4-naphthoquinone-1-oxime methyl ethers, carrying 2-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyphenyl, 7-methoxy-2-methylbenzofuran-4-yl, and 2-methoxycarbonyl-3,4-dimethoxyphenyl as the 2-aryl substituent, were potential candidates for anti-cancer drugs.
Weisenthal Larry M - - 2011
Differential Staining Cytotoxicity (DiSC) assay is the prototype for a closely related family of assays based on the concept of total cell kill, or, in other words, cell death occurring in the entire population of tumor cells. It is probably the most versatile of the cell-death end points, in that ...
Flórez-Barrós Fernanda - - 2011
Diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) is a gastrointestinal (GIT) disease that appears a few hours after ingesting okadaic acid (OA)-contaminated mollusks; okadaic acid is present in dinoflagellates of the genera Dinophysis and Prorocentrum. Toxic manifestations occur all year round at a higher or lesser intensity, and as a consequence, extractive production ...
Ke Ning - - 2011
We describe here the use of the xCELLigence system for label-free and real-time monitoring of cell -viability. The xCELLigence system uses specially designed microtiter plates containing interdigitated gold microelectrodes to noninvasively monitor the viability of cultured cells using electrical impedance as the readout. The continuous monitoring of cell viability by ...
Uemura Takuya - - 2011
We previously reported a bioabsorbable nerve conduit coated with Schwann cells for the treatment of peripheral nerve defects. Since there have been dramatic developments in induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells in recent years, the purpose of the present study was to create a tissue-engineered nerve conduit coated with iPS cell-derived ...
Dopp E - - 2011
The biochemical transformation of mercury, tin, arsenic and bismuth through formation of volatile alkylated species performs a fundamental role in determining the environmental processing of these elements. While the toxicity of inorganic forms of most of these compounds are well documented (e.g., arsenic, mercury) and some of them are of ...
van Meerloo Johan - - 2011
The MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay is based on the conversion of MTT into formazan crystals by living cells, which determines mitochondrial activity. Since for most cell populations the total mitochondrial activity is related to the number of viable cells, this assay is broadly used to measure the in ...
Shon Hyun Kyong - - 2011
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) imaging analysis was performed on murine macrophage cells treated with various concentrations of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles, which are used as MRI contrast agents. First, murine macrophage cells were seeded on a slide glass for 24 hrs and treated with varying concentrations of Fe3O4 ...
Cui Xing-Ri - - 2011
Chrysophanol and 1,8-di-O-hexylchrysophanol derivatives having nucleic acid bases at position 5 were synthesized. Furthermore, derivatives of menadione substituted at position 11 (type A naphthoquinone derivatives) or methylmenadione substituted at position 7 (type B naphthoquinone derivatives) modified with nucleic acid bases, amines and thiocyano, selenocyano or thioacetyl groups were synthesized. The ...
Uchino Tadashi - - 2011
In order to estimate the effects of the size and surface treatment (coating or non-coating) of titanium dioxide particles on their cytotoxicity and penetration into the cellular membrane, two types of non-treated titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) particles of 20 nm (LU175) and 250 nm (LU205) were exposed to CHO cells, RBL-2H3 ...
Quero Lilian - - 2011
Bupivacaine is commonly used as an adjunct during provocative discography and is administered intradiscally in patients with discogenic back pain. Recent studies demonstrated that bupivacaine is cytotoxic for articular chondrocytes in vitro at clinically used concentrations (0.25%-0.5%). To analyze a concentration-dependent effect of bupivacaine on cell viability and gene expression ...
Riss Terry L - - 2011
Testing the effects of compounds on the viability of cells grown in culture is widely used as a predictor of potential toxic effects in whole animals. Among the several alternative assays available, measuring the levels of ATP is the most sensitive, reliable, and convenient method for monitoring active cell metabolism. ...
Czekanska Ewa M - - 2011
The Alamar Blue assay is based on enzymatic reduction of indicator dye by viable cells and serves as an effective tool for assessing cell proliferation and as a screening technique. It can be applied in studies concentrating on animal, plant, yeast, and bacteria cells. Among the various methods for cell ...
Shuli Man - - 2011
Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis extracts, Rhizoma Paridis saponins (RPS) have been found to show strong antitumor activity. However, few studies have yet investigated pulmonary metastasis treatment with this herb. To detail the effective components in RPS and discuss the preliminary mechanism of antitumor effects in vivo and in vitro, ...
Gerets Helga H J - - 2011
Today, obtaining mechanistic insights into biological, toxicological, and pathological processes is of upmost importance. Researchers aim to obtain as many as possible data from one cell sample to understand the biological processes under study. Multiplexing, which is the ability to gather more than one set of data from the same ...
Pfenninger Cosima V - - 2011
In contrast to ependymal cells located above the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult lateral ventricle wall (LVW), adult spinal cord (SC) ependymal cells possess certain neural stem cell characteristics. The molecular basis of this difference is unknown. In this study, antibodies against multiple cell surface markers were applied to ...
Malek Sri Nurestri Abdul - - 2011
The methanol and fractionated extracts (hexane, ethyl acetate and water) of Alpinia mutica (Zingiberaceae) rhizomes were investigated for their cytotoxic effect against six human carcinoma cell lines, namely KB, MCF7, A549, Caski, HCT116, HT29 and non-human fibroblast cell line (MRC 5) using an in vitro cytotoxicity assay. The ethyl acetate ...
Park Jin-Hee - - 2011
Osteosarcoma is a primary bone cancer which occurs mainly in children. Neuroguidin/CANu1 is a nucleolar protein involved in the maintenance of ribosomal structure. In this study, we investigated the effect of Neuroguidin/CANu1 depletion on the response of osteosarcoma cells to doxorubicin. In normal circumstances, Neuroguidin/CANu1 is localized at nucleoli, which ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >