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Kruschinski Carsten - - 2012
Immunohistological methods indicated a rapid onset of cellular defence shortly after seeding of mammary adenocarcinoma cells into the lungs of F344 rats. The purpose of the present study was to monitor natural killer (NK) cell-mediated effects on tumour cell clearance in vivo, in this model of lung metastasis using dynamic ...
Lu Chao - - 2012
Recurrent mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 have been identified in gliomas, acute myeloid leukaemias (AML) and chondrosarcomas, and share a novel enzymatic property of producing 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) from α-ketoglutarate. Here we report that 2HG-producing IDH mutants can prevent the histone demethylation that is required for lineage-specific progenitor ...
Sung Youl-Moon - - 2012
Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) cell using the electrode of TiO2 nanotube (NT) and Ru(ll) complex Ru(bpy)3(PF6)2 as a luminacence substance was fabricated. TiO2 NT were produced from the membrane of TiO2 NT arrays fabricated by anodic oxidation of approximately 100 microm thick Ti-plate. TiO2 NT arrays inject increasing number of electrons to ...
Rosen Daniel D University of Oxford, Department of Pharmacology, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3QT, - - 2012
Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a second messenger that acts on ryanodine receptors to mobilize Ca(2+). cADPR has a net negative charge at physiological pH making it not passively membrane permeant thereby requiring it to be injected, electroporated or loaded via liposomes. Such membrane impermeance of other charged intracellular messengers (including ...
Benson James D - - 2012
Cryopreservation nearly universally depends on the equilibration of cells and tissues with high concentrations of permeating chemicals known as cryoprotective agents, or CPAs. Despite their protective properties, CPAs can cause damage as a result of osmotically-driven cell volume changes, as well as chemical toxicity. In this study, we have used ...
Lestari F - - 2012
The application of polymer and composites in building and modern transport interiors raises concerns of potential health hazards during combustion. Cytotoxicity and morphological assessment of smoke from polymer combustion in human lung derived cells (A549) has been investigated. A laboratory scale vertical tube furnace was used for the generation of ...
Tang Yong Y Department of Neurosurgery, Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0035, - - 2012
Prior studies demonstrated that resistance to the ERBB1/2 inhibitor lapatinib could be overcome by the B cell CLL/lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) family antagonist obatoclax (GX15-070). Coadministration of lapatinib with obatoclax caused synergistic cell killing by eliciting autophagic cell death that was dependent upstream on mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation and increased p62 ...
Iwase Yuko - - 2012
Everolimus has demonstrated antitumor efficacy for various cancers as a result of its inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling cascade, which activates cell growth and cell proliferation. However, the low water solubility and low bioavailability of everolimus have prevented its clinical development as an anticancer drug. Therefore, ...
Bitar M - - 2012
Micrometre- and nanometre-scale surface structuring with ordered topography features may dramatically enhance orthopaedic implant integration. In this study we utilised a previously optimised micron metal injection moulding (µ-MIM) process to produce medical grade stainless steel surfaces bearing micrometre scale, protruding, hemispheres of controlled dimensions and spatial distribution. Additionally, the structured ...
Giraud Marie-Noëlle - - 2012
Cell therapies have gained increasing interest and developed in several approaches related to the treatment of damaged myocardium. The results of multiple clinical trials have already been reported, almost exclusively involving the direct injection of stem cells. It has, however, been postulated that the efficiency of injected cells could possibly ...
Ruan Jing - - 2012
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have great potential in applications such as disease modeling, pharmacological screening and stem cell therapies. Up to date, there is no related report on the use of ES cells as tracking and contrast reagents of cancer cells in vivo. Herein we report that DiR-labeled murine ES ...
Prasad Babu R - - 2012
The inherent toxicity of unmodified Quantum Dots (QDs) is a major hindrance to their use in biological applications. To make them more potent as neuroprosthetic and neurotherapeutic agents, thioglycolic acid (TGA) capped CdTe QDs, were coated with a gelatine layer and investigated in this study with differentiated pheochromocytoma 12 (PC12) ...
Sui Yi - - 2012
Neurogenesis in the adult brain is largely restricted to the subependymal zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle, olfactory bulb (OB) and the dentate subgranular zone, and survival of adult-born cells in the OB is influenced by factors including sensory experience. We examined, in mice, whether survival of adult-born cells is ...
Garbuzova-Davis Svitlana - - 2012
A promising therapeutic strategy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the use of cell-based therapies that can protect motor neurons and thereby retard disease progression. We recently showed that a single large dose (25 × 10⁶ cells) of mononuclear cells from human umbilical cord blood (MNC hUCB) administered intravenously to ...
Fu Yi - - 2012
Tumor cell adhesion to the endothelium under shear flow conditions is a critical step that results in circulation-mediated tumor metastasis. This study presents experimental and computational techniques for studying the local hydrodynamic environment around adherent cells and how local shear conditions affect cell-cell interactions on the endothelium in tumor cell ...
Owczarczak Alexander B - - 2012
Bioprinting has a wide range of applications and significance, including tissue engineering, direct cell application therapies, and biosensor microfabrication. Recently, thermal inkjet printing has also been used for gene transfection. The thermal inkjet printing process was shown to temporarily disrupt the cell membranes without affecting cell viability. The transient pores ...
Mima Yohei - - 2012
Clinical trials demonstrate the effectiveness of cell-based therapeutic angiogenesis in patients with severe ischemic diseases; however, their success remains limited. Maintaining transplanted cells in place are expected to augment the cell-based therapeutic angiogenesis. We have reported that nano-hydroxyapatite (HAp) coating on medical devices shows marked cell adhesiveness. Using this nanotechnology, ...
Roti Roti Elon C EC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Division, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of - - 2012
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is one of the many unintended consequences of chemotherapy faced by the growing number of female cancer survivors. While ovarian repercussions of chemotherapy have long been recognized, the acute insult phase and primary sites of damage are not well-studied, hampering efforts to design effective intervention therapies ...
Koshy Anita A AA Department of Medicine (Infectious Disease), Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of - - 2012
Like many intracellular microbes, the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii injects effector proteins into cells it invades. One group of these effector proteins is injected from specialized organelles called the rhoptries, which have previously been described to discharge their contents only during successful invasion of a host cell. In this report, ...
Jen Chun-Ping - - 2012
Many conventional biochemical assays are performed using populations of cells to determine their quantitative biomolecular profiles. However, population averages do not reflect actual physiological processes in individual cells, which occur either on short time scales or nonsynchronously. Therefore, accurate analysis at the single-cell level has become a highly attractive tool ...
Taju G - - 2011
Cell lines of Etroplus suratensis established in our laboratory were evaluated for their potential use as screening tools for the ecotoxicological assessment of tannery effluent. The cytotoxic effect of tannery effluent in three cell lines derived from eye, kidney and gill tissue of E. suratensis was assessed using multiple endpoints ...
Clair Emilie - - 2011
The major herbicide used worldwide, Roundup, is a glyphosate-based pesticide with adjuvants. Glyphosate, its active ingredient in plants and its main metabolite (AMPA) are among the first contaminants of surface waters. Roundup is being used increasingly in particular on genetically modified plants grown for food and feed that contain its ...
Lin Zhiwu - - 2011
Safety attrition of drugs during preclinical development as well as in late stage clinical trials continues to be a challenge for the pharmaceutical industry for patient welfare and financial reasons. Hepatic-, cardiac- and nephro-toxicity remain the main reasons for compound termination. In recent years, efforts have been made to identify ...
Patel Eshan - - 2011
Nickel and cobalt are heavy metals found in land, water, and air that can enter the body primarily through the respiratory tract and accumulate to toxic levels. Nickel compounds are known to be carcinogenic to humans and animals, while cobalt compounds produce tumors in animals and are probably carcinogenic to ...
Pennarossa G - - 2011
We previously reported that parthenogenetic stem cells display abnormal centrosome and spindle formation that results in severe chromosome missegregation, with a high incidence of hypoploid karyotypes. Unexpectedly, this is not accompanied by a correspondingly high rate of apoptosis and, by contrast, parthenogenetic cells share the pluripotency, self-renewal and in vitro ...
Pescosolido Nicola - - 2011
Intraoperative lidocaine is widely used in controlling discomfort during cataract surgery. However, recent studies have confirmed the toxic effect of lidocaine on ganglion cells. Ropivacaine is an anesthetic recently introduced in clinical practice that couples a long anesthetic effect with a mild vasoconstrictive action. The aim of this study was ...
Rutherford Lucy D - - 2011
The growth of the necrotic core region within advanced atherosclerotic plaque is thought to be driven by oxidised low density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced death of macrophage cells. OxLDL and atherosclerotic plaque are rich in oxysterols, especially 7-ketocholesterol (7KC). As 7KC triggers cell death at physiological concentrations when added directly to the ...
Abedin Zahidur Z Department of Pharmacology, Centers for Excellence in Environmental Toxicology and Cancer Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6084, United - - 2012
Tobacco smoke exposure stimulates the expression of genes that are likely to be involved in the metabolism of its combustion products such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Four of the smoke induced genes are aldo-keto reductases (AKR), enzymes that metabolically activate PAH to PAH o-quinones. Alternatively, PAHs are metabolized to ...
Partanen H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To characterize transplacental transfer of melamine and related mechanisms as well as toxicity using human placental perfusion and cultured cells. METHODS: Transfer and toxicity were analyzed in 4-h perfusions with 10 μM or 1 mM melamine, or 10 μM melamine with 10 nM cyanuric acid (CYA). Efflux transporters were studied in accumulation assay ...
Battisti Sonia - - 2011
The correlation between cells' sensitivity to autophagy inhibitors such as chloroquine (CQ) and the expression/activity of molecules involved in the control and execution of autophagy is well documented. However, tumor cells with comparable autophagic potentials may display variable degrees of autophagy addiction due to the differential expression of molecular determinants ...
Mathur Vidhu - - 2012
Prion diseases are associated with accumulation of the amyloid form of the prion protein, but the mechanisms of toxicity are unknown. Amyloid toxicity is also associated with fungal prions. In Podospora anserina, the simultaneous presence of [Het-s] prion and its allelic protein HET-S causes cell death in a self-/nonself-discrimination process. ...
Piret Jean-Pascal - - 2011
Abstract The potential toxic effects of copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles (NPs) were studied on differentiated Caco-2 cell monolayers, a classical in vitro model of human small intestine epithelium. Two types of CuO NPs, with different specific surface area, different sizes as raw material but the same hydrodynamic diameter in suspension, ...
Manusadžianas Levonas - - 2011
Toxicity effects induced by nanosuspensions of CuO (<50 nm; Sigma-Aldrich) on macrophytic algae cells of Nitellopsis obtusa (96-h median lethal concentration [LC50]), microphytic algae Chlorella (30-min median inhibitory concentration [IC50]), shrimp Thamnocephalus platyurus (24-h LC50), and rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus (24-h LC50) were investigated. No substantial differences between the effects of nonsonicated ...
Pierzchała Katarzyna - - 2011
Abstract There is uncertainty in understanding of the relationship between physico-chemical parameters of nanosized titanium dioxide (nano-TiO(2)) and its toxicity when brought into contact with living cells. This study provides a multidisciplinary experimental insight into the toxicity and phototoxicity of the custom-made TiO(2)-based nanowires (TiO(2)-NWs). We employed electron spin resonance ...
Kongpol Ajiraporn A Graduate Program in Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2012
A Gram-positive marine bacterium, Exiguobacterium sp. SBH81, was isolated as a hydrophilic organic-solvent tolerant bacterium, and exhibited high tolerance to various types of toxic hydrophilic organic solvents, including acetonitrile, at relatively high concentrations (up to 6% [v/v]) under the growing conditions. Investigation of its tolerance mechanisms illustrated that it does ...
McFarland Amelia J - - 2011
Central nervous system (CNS) infections due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa are difficult to treat and have a high mortality rate. Pyocyanin, a virulence factor produced by P. aeruginosa, has been shown to be responsible for the majority of P. aeruginosa's pathogenicity in mammalian cells. Several lines of evidence in respiratory cells ...
Xie Yumei Y Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, - - 2012
The majority of in vitro studies characterizing the impact of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) on cells that line the respiratory tract were conducted in cells exposed to NPs in suspension. This approach introduces processes that are unlikely to occur during inhaled NP exposures in vivo, such as the shedding of toxic ...
Atkinson Jennifer M JM Department of Developmental Neurobiology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, - - 2011
Using a mouse model of ependymoma-a chemoresistant brain tumor-we combined multicell high-throughput screening (HTS), kinome-wide binding assays, and in vivo efficacy studies, to identify potential treatments with predicted toxicity against neural stem cells (NSC). We identified kinases within the insulin signaling pathway and centrosome cycle as regulators of ependymoma cell proliferation, ...
Wijte Dorien - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate toxic effects following phosgene exposure of human epithelial lung cells (A549) in vitro using a CULTEX® system. In particular, toxic effects regarding early biomarkers emerging during the latency period following exposure might be of great value for medical treatment. Cells cultured ...
Dong Erya - - 2011
Nano alumina, one of the most important nanomaterials, is widely used in diverse areas. It was reported that nano alumina could cross the blood brain barrier to enter the brain. Considering aluminum accumulation in brain is closely related to many neural diseases. We studied the neural toxicity of four nano ...
Cecchi Cristina - - 2011
Cell therapy is a promising approach for the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. However, the presence of toxic aggregates in tissue raises the question of whether grafted stem cells are susceptible to amyloid toxicity before they differentiate into mature neurons. To address this question, we ...
Landry Greg M - - 2011
Diethylene glycol (DEG), a solvent and chemical intermediate, can produce an acute toxic syndrome, the hallmark of which is acute renal failure due to cortical tubular degeneration and proximal tubular necrosis. DEG is metabolized to two primary metabolites, 2-hydroxyethoxyacetic acid (2-HEAA) and diglycolic acid (DGA), which are believed to be ...
Wang Yonggang - - 2011
Nanoparticles (NPs), including nanometal oxides, are being used in diverse applications such as medicine, clothing, cosmetics and food. In order to promote the safe development of nanotechnology, it is essential to assess the potential adverse health consequences associated with human exposure. The liver is a target site for NP toxicity, ...
Byun Yu Jeong - - 2011
We examined the role of the c subunit (ATP6L) of vacuolar H(+) -ATPase and its molecular mechanisms in glial cell death induced by sodium nitroprusside (SNP). ATP6L siRNA-transfected cells treated with SNP showed a significant increase in cytotoxicity under glutathione (GSH)-depleted conditions after pretreatment with buthionine sulfoximine, but reduction of ...
Irie Yasuyuki - - 2011
We examined the toxicity of methamphetamine and dopamine in CATH.a cells, which were derived from mouse dopamine-producing neural cells in the central nervous system. Use of the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed that transcripts of the endoplasmic reticulum stress related gene (CHOP/Gadd153/ddit3) were considerably induced at 24-48 h after ...
Rodrigues Robim M - - 2011
Visualization of NADH by fluorescence microscopy makes it possible to distinguish mitochondria inside living cells, allowing structure analysis of these organelles in a non-invasive way. Mitochondrial morphology is determined by the occurrence of mitochondrial fission and fusion. During normal cell function mitochondria appear as elongated tubular structures. However, cellular malfunction ...
Borghese Roberto - - 2011
The highly toxic oxyanion tellurite (TeO(3) (2-)) enters the cells of the facultative photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus through an acetate permease. Here we show that actP gene expression is down-regulated by fructose and this in turn determines a strong decrease of tellurite uptake and a parallel increase in the cells ...
Röhner Eric - - 2011
The treatment of acute joint infections has an important impact on long-term outcome and remains an unsolved problem. The most frequent bacteria are staphylococci, streptococci, and gram-negative bacteria. In septic surgery, polyhexanide and hydrogen peroxide are the most frequently used local antiseptics. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Bauer Jörg - - 2011
Novel non-toxic (S)-2-aminoalkyl benzimidazole derivatives were found to be effective against Candida spp. at low micromolar concentrations using HTS with infected HeLa cells. A collection of analogues defined the chemical groups relevant for activity. The most active compound was characterized by transcriptional analysis of the response of C. albicans Sc5314. ...
Bereczki Erika - - 2011
The loss of synapses and neurons in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is thought to be at least partly induced by toxic species formed by the amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide; therefore, therapeutics aimed at reducing Aβ toxicity could be of clinical use for treatment of AD. Liposomes are suitable vehicles for therapeutic ...
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