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Results 601 - 650 of 1335
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Arguello Meztli - - 2006
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a herpesvirus-8-associated lymphoproliferative disease characterized by migration of tumor cells to serous body cavities. PEL cells originate from postgerminal center B cells and share a remarkable alteration in B cell transcription factor expression and/or activation with classical Hodgkin's disease cells. Comparative analysis of gene expression ...
Sumiyoshi Hideaki - - 2006
Type III collagen is found in fetal skin and blood vessels. Previously, we characterized the proximal promoter of the human alpha1(III) collagen gene (COL3A1) using the human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line, A204, and NIH3T3 cells (Yoshino et al., Biochim Biophys Acta, 2005). In the present study, we further analyzed this promoter ...
Lingard Matthew J - - 2006
Pex11 homologs and dynamin-related proteins uniquely regulate peroxisome division (cell-cycle-dependent duplication) and proliferation (cell-cycle-independent multiplication). Arabidopsis plants possess five Pex11 homologs designated in this study as AtPex11a, -b, -c, -d and -e. Transcripts for four isoforms were found in Arabidopsis plant parts and in cells in suspension culture; by contrast, ...
Ishihara Kaori - - 2006
Zinc transporters play important roles in a wide range of biochemical processes. Here we report an important function of ZnT5/ZnT6 hetero-oligomeric complexes in the secretory pathway. The activity of human tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expressed in ZnT5(-)ZnT7(-/-) cells was significantly reduced compared with that expressed in wild-type cells as in ...
Faro-Trindade Inês - - 2006
Although we have detailed information on the alterations occurring in steady-state levels of all cellular mRNAs during differentiation, we still know little about more global changes. Therefore, we investigated the numbers of molecules of RNA polymerase II that are active--and the way those molecules are organized--as two mouse cells (aneuploid ...
Babbage Gavin - - 2006
When cells transform, phenotypic and genetic profiles can be dramatically altered. Nevertheless, a recent report identifying IgG in breast cancer cells was unexpected, revealing differentiation features normally associated with B lymphocytes. To extend these findings, we focused on immunoglobulin variable (V) region gene analysis using well-defined breast cancer cell lines ...
Nagaraja G M - - 2006
We have characterized comprehensive transcript and proteomic profiles of cell lines corresponding to normal breast (MCF10A), noninvasive breast cancer (MCF7) and invasive breast cancer (MDA-MB-231). The transcript profiles were first analysed by a modified protocol for representational difference analysis (RDA) of cDNAs between MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. The majority of ...
De Vos John - - 2006
Plasma cells (PCs) develop from B lymphocytes following stimulation by antigen and express a genetic program aimed at the synthesis of immunoglobulins. This program includes the induction of genes coding for transcription factors such as PRDM1, X-box-binding protein 1 and BHLHB3, cell-surface molecules such as CD138/syndecan-1, and for the unfolded ...
Fu Haiyan - - 2006
RESTIN, a member of the melanoma-associated antigen superfamily, is a nuclear protein induced by atRA (all-trans retinoic acid) in HL60 cells. HeLa cells stably transfected with restin results in G1 cell cycle arrest. How this gene is regulated by atRA in the cell differentiation process is still unclear. In this ...
Thomas Ronald D RD Environmental Toxicology Program, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Florida A and M University, Tallahassee, FL 32307, - - 2006
The cytochrome P450 expression profile was determined in the MCF10A human breast epithelial cell line, as was the ability of this cell line to catalyze the bioactivation of the cooked food mutagen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). Using non-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), transcripts for CYP1B1, CYP2J2, CYP2R1, CYP2U1, CYP2W1, CYP4B1, CYP4F, ...
Piestun Dan - - 2006
The transcription factor Nanog is uniquely expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells and in germ cell tumors and is important for self-renewal. To understand the relation between this and cell transformation, we expressed Nanog in NIH3T3 cells, and these cells showed an increased growth rate and a transformed phenotype as ...
Spyer Moira - - 2006
CtBP is a corepressor of transcription that acts by inhibiting coactivators and recruiting to promoter control elements (via interactions with DNA-binding transcription factors) a complex of proteins that modify histones, repress transcription and silence gene expression. There are two highly homologous genes, CtBP1 and CtBP2 that encode CtBP. In addition, ...
Enam Sahnila - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recently, the genome of the human polyomavirus, JC (JCV), and expression of its early and late regulatory proteins (T-antigen and agnoprotein) have been demonstrated in neoplastic cells of colonic cancer cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Regulation of JCV was investigated in a human colon cancer cell line (SW480) and compared ...
Hernandez-Lopez Maria Jose - - 2006
Recently, the academic interest in the yeast Torulaspora delbrueckii has increased notably due to its high resistance to several types of stress, including salt and osmotic imbalance. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these unusual properties are poorly understood. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the high-salt response is mediated by calcineurin, a conserved ...
Hutter Grit - - 2006
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by the chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32), resulting in overexpression of CCND1 in the vast majority of cases. In addition, alterations of other cell-cycle-regulating signal pathways (CDKN2B/CDKN2A-CCND1 and ARF-MDM2-TP53) are frequently observed. However, the hierarchy of promoter methylations and genomic alterations as well as the interaction ...
Shin Incheol - - 2006
We have investigated the effect of HER-2 overexpression on resistance to the aromatase inhibitor letrozole in MCF-7 breast cancer cells stably expressing cellular aromatase (MCF-7/CA). MCF-7/CA cells overexpressing HER-2 showed a >2-fold increase in estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated transcriptional reporter activity upon treatment with androstenedione compared with vector-only control MCF-7/CA cells. ...
Nath Rahul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E5 protein co-operates with epidermal growth factor to stimulate mitogenesis of murine fibroblasts. Currently, little is known about which viral amino acids are involved in this process. Using sequence variants of HPV-16 E5 we have investigated their effects upon E5 transcription, cell-cycling and cell-growth ...
Welman Arkadiusz - - 2006
Tet-on cell lines engineered to stably express doxycycline (Dox)-regulated reverse transcriptional transactivator (rtTA) have many applications in biomedical research and biotechnology. Unfortunately, construction and maintenance of such cells often proves to be costly, labor intensive and ineffective. Moreover, the Tet-on clones generated using standard methodology were often unstable and frequently ...
Lin Yunfu - - 2006
Induced transcription through CAG repeats in human cells increases repeat contraction approximately 15-fold in both confluent and proliferating cells. Repeats are stabilized against contraction by siRNA knockdown of MSH2, MSH3 or XPA, but not by knockdown of MSH6, XPC or FEN1. These results define a pathway for CAG.CTG repeat contraction ...
Smith Debra D Department of Biochemistry, Building O, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QW, - - 2006
Many Gram-negative bacteria employ a mechanism of cell-cell communication known as quorum sensing (QS). The role of QS is to enable the cells in a culture to coordinate their gene expression profile with changes in the population cell density. The best characterized mechanisms of QS employ N-acylated homoserine lactones (AHLs) ...
Lecane Philip S - - 2005
There is an emerging appreciation of the importance of zinc in regulating cancer cell growth and proliferation. Recently, we showed that the anticancer agent motexafin gadolinium (MGd) disrupted zinc metabolism in A549 lung cancer cells, leading, in the presence of exogenous zinc, to cell death. Here, we report the effect ...
Kearns Daniel B - - 2005
We have discovered that cells of Bacillus subtilis at the mid-exponential phase of growth are a mixed population of two strikingly different cell types. One type is single swimming cells (or cell doublets) in which the transcription factor for motility, sigma(D), is active (sigma(D) ON). The other type is long ...
Ciuffi Angela - - 2006
DNA integration is a defining step in the retroviral life cycle and the basis of stable gene transfer in retrovirus-based gene therapy. Previous studies of integration by HIV-based vectors have shown that integration is not random, but favored in active transcription units. Studies to date have focused on HIV integration ...
Norio Paolo - - 2005
In mammalian cells, the replication of tissue-specific gene loci is believed to be under developmental control. Here, we provide direct evidence of the existence of developmentally regulated origins of replication in both cell lines and primary cells. By using single-molecule analysis of replicated DNA (SMARD), we identified various groups of ...
Ahlbory Dörthe - - 2005
B-Myb is a highly conserved vertebrate member of the Myb transcription factor family, which is expressed in virtually all proliferating cells. A large body of evidence suggests that B-Myb plays an important role in cell cycle regulation; however, the exact nature of its function has not yet been clarified. We ...
Cooper Kimberly L KL HHMI, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109, - - 2005
Transcript elongation is a critical step in the production of mature messenger RNAs. Many factors have been identified that are required for transcript elongation, including Spt 5. Studies in yeast determined that spt 5 is required for cell viability, and analyses in Drosophila indicate Spt 5 is localized to sites ...
Galiana-Arnoux Delphine - - 2005
Alternative CD44 exons v8, v9, and v10 are spliced as a block in epithelial cells (for example SVK14 cells), but can be skipped as a block by other cells. Using a minigene approach, we show that downstream intronic UGG repeats participate in activation of v8 exon splicing in SVK14 cells. ...
Zhang Jingyu - - 2005
Cells are the functional elements in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. A large number of cells are usually needed for these purposes. However, there are numbers of limitations for in vitro cell proliferation. Nanog is an important self-renewal determinant in embryonic stem cells. However, it remains unknown whether Nanog will ...
Durand Guylaine M - - 2006
We have established a quantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) approach for the analysis of RNA transcript levels in individual cells of living brain slices. Quantification is achieved by using rapid-cycle, real-time PCR protocols and high-resolution external cDNA standard curves for the gene of interest. The method consists of several procedures, including ...
Ling Ling - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether OE-E6/E7, an immortalized human oviductal epithelial cell line, expresses oviductin messenger RNA (mRNA) and its translated protein. DESIGN: Transmission electron microscopy was employed to characterize the morphology of OE-E6/E7 cells followed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of oviductin mRNA and sequencing of the nested-PCR ...
Forero Martha - - 2005
Virulence and immunity are still poorly understood in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The H37Rv M. tuberculosis laboratory strain genome has been completely sequenced, and this along with proteomic technology represent powerful tools contributing toward studying the biology of target cell interaction with a facultative bacillus and designing new strategies for controlling tuberculosis. ...
Håkelien Anne-Mari - - 2005
We demonstrate a cell extract-based, genome-wide and heritable reprogramming of gene expression in vitro. Kidney epithelial 293T cells have previously been shown to take on T cell properties following a brief treatment with an extract of Jurkat T cells. We show here that 293T cells exposed for 1 h to ...
Hagman James - - 2005
Early B-cell factor (EBF) is a DNA-binding protein required for B-cell lymphopoiesis. The lack of EBF results in an early developmental blockade, including the lack of functional B cells and Igs. Recent studies have elucidated a central role for EBF in the specification of B-lineage cells. EBF directs progenitor cells ...
Dannenberg Luke O - - 2005
In this paper, we have identified several distal cis-acting elements that contribute to the regulation and tissue- specificity of ADH1A, which encodes an alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) that metabolizes ethanol. A negative element from bp -1873 to -1558, relative to the translational start site, decreased transcriptional activity to 52% in H4IIE-C3 ...
Esteban Luis M - - 2005
The vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates the effects of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3), the active form of vitamin D. The human VDRB1 isoform differs from the originally described VDR by an N-terminal extension of 50 amino acids. Here we investigate cell-, promoter-, and ligand-specific transactivation by the VDRB1 isoform. Transactivation by these isoforms ...
Kundu Pallob - - 2005
The TATA-binding protein (TBP) plays a crucial role in cellular transcription catalyzed by all three DNA-dependent RNA polymerases. Previous studies have shown that TBP is targeted by the poliovirus (PV)-encoded protease 3C(pro) to bring about shutoff of cellular RNA polymerase II-mediated transcription in PV-infected cells. The processing of the majority ...
Engel Michele L - - 2005
Previously, in an effort to better understand the male contribution to fertilization, we completed a maize (Zea mays) sperm expressed sequence tag project. Here, we used this resource to identify promoters that would direct gene expression in sperm cells. We used reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to identify probable sperm-specific transcripts ...
Liang Yun-Kuan - - 2005
Stomata, dynamic pores found on the surfaces of plant leaves, control water loss from the plant and regulate the uptake of CO(2) for photosynthesis. Stomatal aperture is controlled by the two guard cells that surround the stomatal pore. When the two guard cells are fully turgid, the pore gapes open, ...
Richard V - - 2005
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) plays a primary role in the development of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy seen in the majority of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) patients with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) infection. HTLV-1 Tax has been shown to complex with ETS-1 and SP1 to transactivate the PTHrP P3 ...
Yang Shuzhen - - 2005
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is the most toxic contaminant of chlorophenols (CPs). Due to improper disposal, PCP has become an environmental pollutant and is now considered to be ubiquitous. Previous studies about the influences of PCP on reproductive function were mostly focused on experiments in vivo. The aim of our present study ...
Pieterse Bart - - 2006
Messenger RNA levels change on a minutes scale due to both degradation and de novo transcription. Consequently, alterations in the transcript profiles that are not representative for the condition of interest are easily introduced during sample harvesting and work-up. In order to avoid these unwanted changes we have validated a ...
Montell Denise J - - 2005
Invasion of cells through breakdown of the basement membrane is a crucial step during development and cancer metastasis. In this issue of Cell, simple and genetically tractable cellular assay in the worm for elucidating the molecular processes that underlie cell invasion in vivo is described. They demonstrate that the transcription ...
Clay Nicole K - - 2005
Generally, cell division can be uncoupled from multicellular development, but more recent evidence suggests that cell cycle progression and arrest is coupled to organogenesis and growth. We describe a recessive mutant, swellmap (smp), with reduced organ size and cell number. This defect is partially compensated for by an increase in ...
Bain Mark M Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, PO Box 157, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK. - - 2005
The ubiquitous cellular transcription factor Yin Yang-1 (YY1) is involved in the transcriptional regulation of many cellular and viral genes. It is known to bind to, and repress the activity of, the major immediate-early promoter of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in non-permissive T2 cells. Thus, YY1 is at least partly responsible ...
Sugiura Mayumi - - 2005
Sexual reproduction (conjugation) in protozoan ciliates is induced by specific cell-cell interactions between cells of complementary mating types. The ancestral ciliate Blepharisma japonicum has two mating types, I and II. The substances that act as signaling molecules in this extracellular interaction for conjugation are called gamones. The glycoprotein gamone 1, ...
Paltoglou Steve M - - 2005
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) induction and associated transcription were investigated during high cell density, focusing on the negative regulator of HIF-1alpha expression, the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) protein. In 293T and HeLa cells, HIF-1alpha protein levels and associated transcription were induced as cells approached confluence. To determine whether these changes were due ...
Lux W - - 2005
Besides its well-established role in wound healing and fibrinolysis, tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) has been shown to contribute to cognitive processes and memory formation within the central nervous system, and to promote glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxicity. The t-PA gene is expressed and regulated in neuronal cells but the regulatory transcriptional processes ...
Schweitzer Kelly - - 2005
The presence of the appropriate pheromone induces alpha and a cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to activate both changes in transcriptional expression and cell polarity that eventually lead to the mating of alpha and a cells to form a/alpha diploid cells. A third response after exposure to mating pheromone ...
Maury Wendy - - 2005
Equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) is a lentivirus with in vivo cell tropism primarily for tissue macrophages; however, in vitro the virus can be adapted to fibroblasts and other cell types. Tropism adaptation is associated with both envelope and long terminal repeat (LTR) changes, and findings strongly suggest that these ...
Nagano Kohji - - 2005
A protein subset expressed in the mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell line, E14-1, was characterized by mass spectrometry-based protein identification technology and data analysis. In total, 1790 proteins including 365 potential nuclear and 260 membrane proteins were identified from tryptic digests of total cell lysates. The subset contained a variety ...
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