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Results 401 - 450 of 2304
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Newton Thomas C - - 2010
Cancer stem-like cells have been identified in both primary tumors and in cell lines and seem to have a high degree of inherent resistance to traditional chemotherapeutic agents. Relapsed cancers including neuroblastoma are generally chemotherapy-resistant and carry a very poor prognosis. We investigated the side populations of three pairs of ...
Wong Esther S M - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells were first derived from inner cell mass (ICM) explants of preimplantation stage mouse blastocysts some 30 years ago. ES cells are of primary interest as they are used to genetically modify the genome of mice via gene targeting. Although many founder ES lines have been established, ...
Hagemann Carsten - - 2010
Glioblastomas (GBM), the most frequent malignant brain tumors in adults, are characterized by an aggressive local growth pattern and highly invasive tumor cells. This invasion is facilitated by expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases. They mediate the degradation of protein components of the extracellular matrix. Twenty-three ...
Mariotti Elisabetta - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mollicutes contamination is recognized to be a critical issue for the cultivation of continuous cell lines. In this work we characterized the effect of Mycoplasma hyorhinis contamination on CD133 expression in human colon cancer cell lines. METHODS: MycoAlert and mycoplasma agar culture were used to detect mycoplasma contamination on ...
Ottaviano Laura - - 2010
Usage of cancer cell lines has repeatedly generated conflicting results provoked by differences among subclones or contamination with mycoplasm or other immortal mammalian cells. To overcome these limitations, we decided within the EuroBoNeT consortium to characterize a common set of cell lines including osteosarcomas (OS), Ewing sarcomas (ES), and chondrosarcomas ...
Marion Marie-Jeanne - - 2010
Liver progenitor cells may play an important role in carcinogenesis in vivo and represent therefore useful cellular materials for in vitro studies. The HepaRG cell line, which is a human bipotent progenitor cell line capable to differentiate toward two different cell phenotypes (i.e., biliary-like and hepatocyte-like cells), has been established ...
Na Ri Su - - 2010
A Ujumqin sheep ear marginal tissue (USEM) fibroblast line, frozen in 147 cryovials with 4 x 10(6) cell each, was successfully established from 33 Ujumqin sheep ear marginal tissues using explant culture and cryopreservation techniques. The cells were morphologically consistent with fibroblasts. The growth curve was typical S-shape and the ...
Seo Jung Seon - - 2010
Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been detected in 5-15% of gastric carcinoma (GC) cases, the mechanism by which EBV contributes to its tumorigenesis remains unclear. Only a subset of EBV latent proteins such as EBV nuclear antigen-1 and latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) are expressed in EBV-associated GC (EBVaGC) cases. ...
Kashiwagi Yoshiko - - 2010
PURPOSE: To establish human corneal stroma- and sclera-derived cells as models for studying diseases of the anterior segment of the eye. METHODS: Using a recombinant retrovirus system, we transfected human papilloma virus 16 E6 and E7 (HPV16 E6/E7) into human corneal stroma- and sclera-derived cells. The primary cells and established ...
Ansorge Sven - - 2010
Lab and pilot scale batch cultivations of a CHO K1/dhfr(-) host cell line were conducted to evaluate on-line multifrequency permittivity measurements as a process monitoring tool. The beta-dispersion parameters such as the characteristic frequency (f(C)) and the permittivity increment (Deltaepsilon(max)) were calculated on-line from the permittivity spectra. The dual-frequency permittivity ...
Kr?l M - - 2010
Metastasis is a final step in the progression of mammary gland cancer, usually leading to death. Potentially, a molecular signature of metastasis can be defined via comparison of primary tumors with their metastases. Currently, there is no data in the literature regarding the molecular portrait of metastases in dogs and ...
Biller Laura - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The availability of two genetically very similar cell lines (A and B) derived from the laboratory isolate Entamoeba histolytica HM-1:IMSS, which differ in their virulence properties, provides a powerful tool for identifying pathogenicity factors of the causative agent of human amoebiasis. Cell line A is incapable inducing liver abscesses ...
Wilkins Simon - - 2010
Mosquito midgut glycoproteins may act as key recognition sites for the invading malarial ookinete. Effective transmission blocking strategies require the identification of novel target molecules. We have partially characterised the surface glycoproteins of two cell lines from two mosquito species; Anopheles stephensi and Anopheles gambiae, and investigated the binding of ...
Zhang H Z - - 2010
We studied the tumor stem cell properties of the CD133+CD44+ subpopulation in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. A549 cells were classified into subpopulations based on differential expression patterns for CD133 and CD44. Cells from different subpopulations were cultured and subcutaneously injected into 32 nude mice. Our results as ...
Capua Christopher J - - 2010
The search for cancer treatment continues to be a global effort. As part of this global effort, many natural products have been tested against cancer cell lines, mostly from tropically located plants. This study reports that extracts of Atriplex confertifolia (Torr. and Frem.) S. Watson (Chenopodiaceae), a native North American ...
Röhrs Sonja - - 2010
CD7 is a negative prognostic marker in myeloid malignancies. In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), an inverse correlation exists between expression of wild-type CEBPA and CD7. Aim of this study was to find out whether C/EBPalpha is a negative regulator of CD7 and which other regulatory mechanisms might be involved. As ...
Mladkova Jana - - 2010
Transformed phenotypes are common to cell lines derived from various cancers. Proteome profiling is a valuable tool that may reveal uncharacteristic cell phenotypes in transformed cells. Changes in expression of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and other proteins interacting with glutathione (GSH) in model cell lines could be of particular interest. We ...
Kalinina Tatyana - - 2010
Pancreatic cancer is still associated with devastating prognosis. Real progress in treatment options has still not been achieved. Therefore new models are urgently needed to investigate this deadly disease. As a part of this process we have established and characterized a new human pancreatic cancer cell line. The newly established ...
Song Jun - - 2010
Side Population (SP) cells, a subset of Hoechst-low cells, are enriched with stem cells. Originally, SP cells were isolated from bone marrow but recently have been found in various solid tumors and cancer cell lines that are clonogenic in vitro and tumorigenic in vivo. In this study, SP cells from ...
Mkrtchyan Hasmik - - 2010
The discovery of copy number variations (CNV) in the human genome opened new perspectives on the study of the genetic causes of inherited disorders and the aetiology of common diseases. Here, a single-cell-level investigation of CNV in different human tissues led us to uncover the phenomenon of mitotically derived genomic ...
Espina Virginia - - 2010
While it is accepted that a majority of invasive breast cancer progresses from a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) precursor stage, very little is known about the factors that promote survival of DCIS neoplastic cells within the hypoxic, nutrient deprived intraductal microenvironment. We examined the hypothesis that fresh human DCIS ...
Jia Deshui - - 2010
The formation of metastasis is the most common cause of death in patients with lung cancer. A major implement to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in lung cancer metastasis has been the lack of suitable models to address it. In this study, we aimed at establishing a highly metastatic model ...
Wang Jing - - 2010
While trying to integrate multiple data sets collected by different researchers, we noticed that the sample names were frequently entered inconsistently. Most of the variations appeared to involve punctuation, white space, or their absence, at the juncture between alphabetic and numeric portions of the cell line name. Reasoning that the ...
Cainarca Silvia - - 2010
Exogenous expression of pharmacological targets in transformed cell lines has been the traditional platform for high throughput screening of small molecules. However, exogenous expression in these cells is limited by aberrant dosage, or its toxicity, the potential lack of interaction partners, and alterations to physiology due to transformation itself. Instead, ...
Liebertz Daniel J - - 2010
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive and lethal malignancy. Publically available cell lines are mostly of lingual origin, or have not been carefully characterized. Detailed characterization of novel HNSCC cell lines is needed in order to provide researchers a concrete keystone on which to build their ...
Woischnik Markus - - 2010
Heterozygous mutations of SFTPC, the gene encoding surfactant protein C (SP-C), cause sporadic and familial interstitial lung disease (ILD) in children and adults. The most frequent SFTPC mutation in ILD patients leads to a threonine for isoleucine substitution at position 73 (I73T) of the SP-C preprotein (proSP-C), however little is ...
Schröpfer Andrea - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the degradation of protein components of the extracellular matrix and thus play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. Their expression is related to the progression of gynecological cancers (e.g. endometrial, cervical or ovarian carcinoma). In this study we investigated the expression pattern ...
Kress Theresia R - - 2010
The molecular heterogeneity of human cancer cells at the level of signaling protein activities remains poorly understood. Using a panel of 64 colorectal (CRC) cancer cell lines the activity status of the MAP kinases Erk1 and Erk2 was investigated. Erk1/2 activity varied greatly within the CRC cell line panel and ...
Yadav Umesh C S UC Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of - - 2010
Goblet cell metaplasia that causes mucus hypersecretion and obstruction in the airway lumen could be life threatening in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Inflammatory cytokines such as IL-13 mediate the transformation of airway ciliary epithelial cells to mucin-secreting goblet cells in acute as well as chronic airway inflammatory ...
Illek Beate B Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, - - 2010
While the Cl(-) efflux assays are relatively straightforward, their ability to assess the efficacy of phenotypic correction in cystic fibrosis (CF) tissue or cells may be limited. Accurate assessment of therapeutic efficacy, i.e., correlating wild type CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) levels with phenotypic correction in tissue or individual cells, ...
Nakamura Yukio Y Cell Engineering Division, RIKEN BioResource Center, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2010
The Cell Engineering Division of RIKEN BioResource Center is a not-for-profit public "cell bank" that accepts donations and deposits of human and animal cell materials developed by the life science research community. We examine, standardize, amplify, preserve, and provide cell materials to scientists around the world. The major cell materials ...
Srisomsap Chantragan - - 2010
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occur with relatively high incidence in Thailand. The secretome, proteins secreted from cancer cells, are potentially useful as biomarkers of the diseases. Proteomic analysis was performed on the secreted proteins of cholangiocarcinoma (HuCCA-1) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC-S102, HepG2, SK-Hep-1, and Alexander) cell lines. The ...
Takahashi Chiho - - 2010
The present study attempted to examine whether clonal cell lines of the oral epithelium can differentiate into ameloblasts and regenerate tooth when combined with dental germ mesenchyme. Clonal cell lines with a distinct morphology were established from the oral epithelium of p53-deficient fetal mice at embryonic day 18 (E18). The ...
Grafodatskaya D - - 2010
Recent research suggests that epigenetic alterations involving DNA methylation can be causative for neurodevelopmental, growth and metabolic disorders. Although lymphoblastoid cell lines have been an invaluable resource for the study of both genetic and epigenetic disorders, the impact of EBV transformation, cell culturing and freezing on epigenetic patterns is unknown. ...
Tomita Mariko - - 2012
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), which is an aggressive and fatal CD4(+) T cell malignancy. MicroRNA (miRNA), a novel class of RNA that regulates gene expression, is involved in many cellular processes such as growth, development and apoptosis. It ...
Cheung M M Cancer Genetics and Signaling Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111-2497, - - 2010
DNA copy number analysis was performed, using single-nucleotide polymorphism mapping arrays, to fine map genomic imbalances in human malignant mesothelioma (MM) cell lines derived from primary tumors. Chromosomal losses accounted for the majority of genomic imbalances. All 22 cell lines examined showed homozygous deletions of 9p21.3, centering at the CDKN2A/ARF ...
Davidson Patricia M - - 2010
Osteosarcoma-derived cell lines (SaOs-2, MG63) have recently been shown to deform their nucleus considerably in response to surface topography. Such a deformation had not been described previously. Here we present results on additional cell lines, including cancerous (OHS4, U2OS), immortalized (F/STRO-1(+)A and FHSO6) and healthy cells (HOP). The cancerous cells ...
Ojima Hidenori - - 2010
The aim of this study was to establish new biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) cell lines and identify predictive biomarkers for the potential effectiveness of gemcitabine therapy. Surgical specimens of BTC were transplanted directly into immunodeficient mice to establish xenografts, then subjected to in vitro cell culture. The gemcitabine sensitivity of ...
Zhen Yunbo - - 2010
Cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) are potential targets for treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) due to their role in tumorigenesis and recurrence. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) on CSLCs of GBM in human glioma cell lines (U87MG, U251MG and U373MG) in vivo and in ...
Sakairi Toru - - 2010
Evidence suggests that loss of podocytes into urine contributes to development of glomerular diseases; shed podocytes are frequently viable and proliferate in culture conditions. To determine the phenotypic characteristics of viable urinary cells derived from human subjects, we established long-term urinary cell culture from two patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis ...
Chamulitrat Walee - - 2009
Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been implicated in neoplastic invasion and metastasis. We have previously generated six cell lines from human gingival mucosal keratinocytes immortalized by E6/E7 of human papillomavirus type 16. Ldk and NuB1 lines represented EMT phenotype and other four lines represented cobblestone non-EMT phenotype. These cell lines ...
Millimaggi Danilo - - 2009
The term vasculogenic mimicry (VM) indicates the process by which aggressive tumor cells are able to generate in vitro non-endothelial cell-lined channels delimited by extracellular matrix. Although VM has been described in several human malignancies, the molecular basis of this phenomenon is not entirely understood. In the present study, we ...
Lieu Pauline T - - 2009
One of the challenges in developing cell lines for high-throughput screening in drug discovery is the labor- and time-intensive process required to create stable clonal cell lines that express specific reporters or drug targets. The authors report here the generation of a site-specific retargeting platform in 3 different cell lines: ...
Ramya R - - 2009
Animal cell lines have become very popular substrates for the production of vaccines and biopharmaceuticals. Characterization of candidate production cell lines is central to ensure product safety and maintenance of consistency in the manufacture of biologicals. Nested PCR and isoenzyme analysis have been used widely to prove the identity and ...
Cuperlovi?-Culf Miroslava - - 2009
The global analysis of metabolites can be used to define the phenotypes of cells, tissues or organisms. Classifying groups of samples based on their metabolic profile is one of the main topics of metabolomics research. Crisp clustering methods assign each feature to one cluster, thereby omitting information about the multiplicity ...
Sharif Tanveer - - 2011
Cancer stem cells are expected to be responsible for tumor initiation and metastasis. These cells are therefore potential targets for innovative anticancer therapies. However, the absence of bona fide cancer stem cell lines is a real problem for the development of such approaches. Since teratocarcinoma cells are totipotent stem cells ...
Liu Jonathan - - 2010
An Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line, 9B9-1E4, was cloned by limit dilution from a heterologous cell population and chosen as a potential production cell substrate for cell culture-based influenza vaccine manufacture. Since MDCK cells are transformed cells of canine origin, extensive characterization, including evaluation of tumorigenicity and oncogenicity, was ...
Ikuta Kenji - - 2009
PURPOSE: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a biologically heterogeneous malignant disease with a poor prognosis. We reported previously that the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody, bevacizumab, effectively inhibited the progression of VEGF-high-producing (but not VEGF-low-producing) MPM cells in orthotopic implantation models, indicating the need for novel therapeutic strategies to ...
Cheng T-C - - 2010
Establishment and characterization of two cobia, Rachycentron canadum, cell lines derived from cobia brain (CB) and cobia fin (CF) are described. Caudal fin and brain from juvenile cobia were dissociated for 30 and 10 min, respectively, in phosphate-buffered saline containing 0.25% trypsin at 25 degrees C. The optimal culture condition ...
Al-Assar Osama O CR-UK, MRC Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology and Biology, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2009
A subpopulation of cancer stem-like cells (CSLC) is hypothesized to exist in different cancer cell lines and to mediate radioresistance in solid tumors. Cells were stained for CSLC markers and sorted (fluorescence-activated cell sorter/magnetic beads) to compare foci and radiosensitivity of phosphorylated histone H2AX at Ser 139 (gamma-H2AX) in sorted ...
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