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Results 301 - 350 of 2267
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Takeyama Yoshihiro Y Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Showa-ku, Nagoya, - - 2010
We found that among four master epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-inducing genes (ZEB1, SIP1, Snail, and Slug) ZEB1expression was most significantly correlated with the mesenchymal phenotype (high Vimentin and low E-cadherin expression) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and tumors. Furthermore, ZEB1 knockdown with RNA interference in three NSCLC cell ...
Watanabe Masaaki - - 2010
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) causes an aggressive malignancy of T lymphocytes called adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), and expression of HTLV-1 Tax influences cell survival, proliferation, and genomic stability in the infected T lymphocytes. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A/p21(waf1/Cip1)) is upregulated by Tax, without perturbation of cell cycle control. During ...
Bai Chunyu - - 2010
Up to 32 Landrace ear marginal tissue samples were used for establishing a fibroblast cell bank by the means of primary explantation and cryopreservation. Biological analysis suggested that the Population Doubling Time (PDT) of the cell line was approximately 24h. The diploid accounted for 97.2% of the whole population; isozyme ...
Ishikawa Mayumi - - 2010
There are few case reports describing small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), which secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein (PTHrP) and result in hypercalcemia. We have established a novel cell line, derived from a 37-year-old woman with SCLC, which produced PTH, PTH-rP, and a part of proopiomelanocortin (POMC), and led to hypercalcemia. ...
Nakae Masanori - - 2010
The lateral line system and its innervation in ten tetraodontiform families and five outgroup taxa were examined. Although some homology issues remained unresolved, tetraodontiforms were characterized by having two types (at least) of superficial neuromasts (defined by the presence or absence of supporting structures) and accessory lateral lines and neuromasts ...
Huang Mingzhu - - 2010
Side population (SP) cells in primary tumors and cell lines are a small cell population, but they are known to enrich cancer stem cells (CSCs). In this study, we isolated SP cells from the human breast cancer cell line MCF7 as a model for studying CSCs. Compared with non-SP cells, ...
Kiesslich Tobias - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using Photofrin and, recently, Foscan has gained broad acceptance for palliative treatment of non-resectable cholangiocarcinoma (CC). No information, however, is available whether the phenotype of CC tumour cells has an effect on the efficiency of the treatment. Using a well-characterised set of n = 9 biliary tract ...
Fischer Nicole - - 2010
The recently discovered human polyomavirus (MCPyV) is frequently found in Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) tissue and is believed to be causally linked to MCC pathogenesis. While cell lines established from MCC represent a valuable tool to study the contribution of MCPyV to MCC pathogenesis, hitherto only 1 MCPyV-positive line has ...
Zhang Peng P Department of Surgery, Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, PR - - 2010
5-Fluorouracil has been the chemotherapy agent of first-choice for colorectal cancer for many years, but since there are no proven predictors of a patient's response to therapy, all patients receive similar treatment. Consequently, identification of biomarkers for therapeutic effect is crucial for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Two human ...
Deer Emily L EL Department of Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, - - 2010
The dismal prognosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is due in part to a lack of molecular information regarding disease development. Established cell lines remain a useful tool for investigating these molecular events. Here we present a review of available information on commonly used pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines as a resource to ...
Gong Li - - 2011
It has been reported that both polygonal and cuboidal cells in pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (PSH) are monoclonal in origin and represent a variable differentiation from a common progenitor cell. However, it remains unclear about the clonality of the entire PSH lesion composed of these two types of cells. Thus, we ...
Moulder Stacy - - 2010
Patient selection is important for targeted therapies, yet phase I/II trials are often underpowered for developing predictors of drug response. The goal of this research was to define genomic predictors for dasatinib that could be prospectively tested in early-phase clinical trials. Gene expression profiles of dasatinib-sensitive and dasatinib-resistant cell lines ...
Kawano Atsushi - - 2010
Western blotting with polyclonal antisera to polypeptides of the rainbow trout major histocompatibility (MH) genes and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to compare expression of MH genes in rainbow trout cell lines. One line was the spleen monocyte/macrophage-like RTS11, which grew loosely on plastic surfaces. Adherent cell lines ...
Zancan Patricia - - 2010
Cancer cells are characterized by increased aerobic glycolysis, which correlates with a negative prognosis. Although this correlation is well known, the mechanism of the elevated rate of glycolysis in cancer and the role of glycolytic enzymes have yet to be determined. The present work aims to evaluate the activity of ...
Lee C-C - - 2010
Uncontrolled growth and diffused invasion are major causes of mortality in patients with malignant gliomas. Nodal has been shown to have a central role in the tumorigenic signaling pathways of malignant melanoma. In this study, we show that grade IV human glioma cell lines expressed different levels of Nodal, paralleled ...
Ansorge Sven - - 2010
Changes in the nutrient availability of mammalian cell cultures are reflected in the beta-dispersion parameter characteristic frequency (f ( C )) and the on-line dual frequency permittivity signal. Multi-frequency permittivity measurements were therefore evaluated in fed-batch cultivations of two different CHO cell lines. Similar responses to nutrient depletions and discontinuous ...
Hedegaard Martin - - 2010
Raman spectroscopy is a label-free, real-time diagnostic tool that shows great promise in identifying cell differences. We have evaluated the discriminatory power of Raman spectroscopy using a unique model system consisting of two isogenic cancer cell lines derived from the MDA-MB-435 cell line. The two cell lines are equally tumorigenic ...
Guan W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We needed to establish an embryonic fibroblast cell line from the Langshan chicken (LSCEF61) to preserve their important genetic resources at the cellular level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cell line was established from 9-day-old embryos by direct explant culture and cryopreservation techniques. Cell morphology, dynamic proliferation and any contamination ...
Gunness Patrina - - 2010
Established cell lines are widely used as in vitro models in toxicology studies. The choice of an appropriate cell line is critical when performing studies to elucidate drug-induced toxicity in humans. The porcine renal proximal tubular cell line LLC-PK1 is routinely used to study the nephrotoxic effects of drugs in ...
Malek Anastasia - - 2010
Tumor cell dissemination to distant organs accounts for the majority of cancer related deaths. Analysis of the stepwise process of metastasis formation and progression might provide novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of disseminated cancer. However, studies with both biological and therapeutic endpoints would require highly sensitive and specific methods ...
Brenner J Chad JC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2010
We established multiple University of Michigan Squamous Cell Carcinoma (UM-SCC) cell lines. With time, these have been distributed to other labs all over the world. Recent scientific discussions have noted the need to confirm the origin and identity of cell lines in grant proposals and journal articles. We genotyped the ...
Quevedo Carla - - 2010
A Morinda citrifolia cell line was obtained by overexpresion of 1-deoxy-D: -xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXS) from Catharanthus roseus, a key enzyme of the metabolic pathway of anthraquinones (AQs). This cell line increased AQs production by about 24% compared to the control cell line. This transgenic cell line which carries dxs ...
Takeuchi Makoto - - 2010
We previously established a novel cell line, termed HOZOT, derived from umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells that is characterized as a human cytotoxic regulatory T (Treg) cell line with a FOXP3(+)CD4(+)CD8(+)CD25(+) phenotype. Here, we describe a new property of HOZOT cells: they actively penetrate into a variety of human cancer ...
Jakobsen Jannik E - - 2011
We report the establishment of a spontaneously immortalized pig cell line designated Pig Flip-in Visualize (PFV) for locus-directed transgene expression in pig cells and blastocysts. The PFV cell line was isolated from pig ear fibroblasts transfected with a Sleeping Beauty DNA transposon-based docking vector harbouring a selection gene, an eGFP ...
Wang Lin - - 2011
High aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity has recently been used to identify tumorigenic cell fractions in many cancer types. Herein we hypothesized that a subpopulation of cells with cancer stem cells (CSCs) properties could be identified in established human osteosarcoma cell lines based on high ALDH activity. We previously showed that ...
Bortolomai Ileana - - 2010
To investigate the tumor fraction with cancer stem/tumor initiating cell (CSC/TIC) characteristics, we tested the human cervical carcinoma cell lines A431, Caski and SiHa, by growth as non-adherent spheres in specific media and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) enzymatic activity. A good correlation between the two parameters was observed and the highest ...
Zhou Di - - 2010
To establish a potential resource for cell therapy and a developmental model for human diseases, we had isolated three Chinese human embryonic stem cell lines from the inner cell mass of human blastocysts in 2002. All the three cell lines were grown on mouse embryonic fibroblasts as feeder cells; one ...
Singh Harmeet - - 2010
We have systematically developed single cell-inoculated suspension cultures of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) in defined media. Cell survival was dependent on hESC re-aggregation. In the presence of the Rho kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (Ri) only approximately 44% of the seeded cells were rescued, but an optimized heat shock treatment combined ...
Lattová Erika - - 2010
The humanized monoclonal antibody IgG1 in combination with chemotherapy has been demonstrated to enhance survival benefit in cancer treatment. Despite positive outcomes, some cancer cells develop multidrug resistance. Numerous mechanisms in cancers can be involved in the process of treatment therapy and most of them are not still well understood. ...
Mauchley David - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Esophageal adenocarcinoma is thought to arise from lesions produced by chronic esophageal inflammation. Secretory phospholipase A(2) is an important mediator of mucosal response to gastroesophageal reflux, but its role in the function of mature cancer cells is unclear. We sought to determine the influence of group IIa secretory phospholipase ...
Magdolen Ursula - - 2010
Two new tumor-like cell lines were established which developed spontaneously in vitro from normal human primary osteoblast-like cells originating from non-oncogenic bone surgery. The tumor cell properties studied included morphology, proliferation characteristics in normal and low-serum media, and anchorage-independent growth in soft agarose. Karyotyping of the cells showed numerous rearrangements ...
Andrade Juliana Gabriel Ribeiro de - - 2010
The objective of this study was to describe the change in diagnosis and prognosis of a child with testicular dysgenesis and 46,XY karyotype after detection of a 45,X cell line and to discuss the difficulties caused by the terms mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) and XY partial gonadal dysgenesis (XYPGD). One ...
Lapyckyj Lara - - 2010
Epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin) is a 120 kDa cell-cell adhesion molecule involved in the establishment of epithelial adherens junctions. It is connected to the actin cytoskeleton by adaptor proteins such as beta-catenin. Loss of E-cadherin expression/function has been related to tumor progression and metastasis. Several molecules associated with down-regulation of E-cadherin ...
Li Chunliang - - 2010
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are pluripotent cells derived from the inner cell mass of blastocysts. Their unique properties of self-renewal and pluripotency make them an attractive tool for basic research as well as a potential cell resource for therapy. However, each hES cell line demonstrates different identity. It is ...
Ku Ja-Lok - - 2010
Thirteen human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines were established from 10 primary tumors and 3 metastatic tumors obtained from 13 Korean patients. Characteristics of the cell lines including morphology in vivo and in vitro; mutations of the K-ras, p53, APC and MMR genes and microsatellite instability (MSI) status in vitro ...
Carbone Antonino - - 2010
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a very rare subgroup of B-cell lymphomas presenting as pleural, peritoneal and pericardial neoplastic effusions in the absence of a solid tumor mass or recognizable nodal involvement. There is strong evidence that Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a causal agent of PEL. PEL tumor cells ...
Abdel-Rahman Mohamed H - - 2010
PURPOSE. The purposes of this study were to investigate the frequency of MET activation in uveal melanomas (UMs), to study the potential molecular mechanism for its activation, and to assess the utility of MET inhibition as a potential therapy for UM. METHODS. The frequency of MET activation in UMs was ...
Young V L - - 2010
The lightbrown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) is a leafroller pest that damages horticultural crops in New Zealand. This paper documents the establishment of a primary cell line from neonate E. postvittana larvae to facilitate the development of E. postvittana nucleopolyhedrovirus (EppoNPV) for control of this pest. The cell line was ...
Nobusue Hiroyuki - - 2010
Development of established preadipocyte cell lines, such as 3T3-L1 and 3T3-F442A, greatly facilitated the study of molecular mechanisms of adipocyte differentiation under defined conditions. Most of these cell lines are derived from mouse embryos, and preadipocyte cell lines of other species have not yet been maintained in culture long enough ...
Yoshii Yukie - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: (64)Cu-diacetyl-bis (N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazone) ((64)Cu-ATSM) is a potential imaging agent of hypoxic tumor for use with PET. Recent literature demonstrated that cancer cells expressing CD133, which is a frequently used marker for so-called cancer stem cells or cancer stem cell-like cells (collectively referred to here as CSCs), contribute to tumor's therapeutic ...
Lottaz Claudio - - 2010
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is paradigmatic for the investigation of cancer stem cells (CSC) in solid tumors. Growing evidence suggests that different types of CSC lead to the formation of GBM. This has prompted the present comparison of gene expression profiles between 17 GBM CSC lines and their different putative founder ...
Yamada Yutaka - - 2010
To investigate whether p16 inactivation is involved in the development of rat pulmonary tumors, we compared the p16 status and tumorigenicity of cell lines which indicated different p16 status. The tumor cell line (PuD2) was established from lung adenocarcinoma induced in plutonium dioxide-inhaled rat in this study. The virus-immortalized SV40T2 ...
Matsuoka A - - 2010
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by refractory cytopenias and susceptibility to leukemic transformation. On a subset of MDS patients with deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5 (del(5q)), lenalidomide exerts hematological and cytogenetic effects, but the underlying pharmacological mechanisms are not fully ...
Yeung Trevor M - - 2010
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the subpopulation of cells within a tumor that can self-renew, differentiate into multiple lineages, and drive tumor growth. Here we describe a two-pronged approach for the identification and characterization of CSCs from colorectal cancer cell lines, using a Matrigel-based differentiation assay, and cell surface markers ...
Nakahara Taka - - 2010
Abstract Novel cell lines, designated NM78-AM and NM78-MM, have been established from a malignant melanoma of the cheek oral mucosa. NM78-AM cells were spherical, grew in suspension as clusters, and produced no melanin. In contrast, NM78-MM cells were adherent and produced melanin granules. Initially, NM78-AM cells were grown on fibroblast ...
Ohta Yoshihito - - 2010
The BTB-kelch protein Nd1-L acts as an actin cytoskeleton stabilizer expressed ubiquitously in mouse tissues. We examined the effect of Nd1-L on cancer cell invasion and metastasis. Over-expression of Nd1-L in murine colon carcinoma cell line Colon 26 and murine melanoma cell line B16 resulted in suppression of pulmonary and ...
May Tobias - - 2010
A major drawback in the analysis of primary cells and in regenerative sciences concerns the limited number and homogeneity of cells. This limitation could be overcome by in vitro cell expansion that retains the properties of the cell types of interest. However, for most primary differentiated cells the proliferation capacity ...
Huang Pei-Yu - - 2010
We previously reported that C-KIT overexpression and mutation exist in biopsy samples of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Yet whether Imatinib had an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of NPC in vitro was still unknown. So, this study examined whether sensitivities to Imatinib of other cell lines are different and whether C-KIT ...
Liu Mei - - 2010
Adult Gekko japonicus is one of those vertebrates that are able to regenerate their missing or amputated tail. The most interesting feature of this animal lies in the ability of its spinal cord to regrow a functional tail. A fundamental question is whether the neuroglial cells play a different role ...
Han Ju J Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States of - - 2010
Correlative analysis of molecular markers with phenotypic signatures is the simplest model for hypothesis generation. In this paper, a panel of 24 breast cell lines was grown in 3D culture, their morphology was imaged through phase contrast microscopy, and computational methods were developed to segment and represent each colony at ...
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