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Biazik Joanna M JM Australian Key Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, Madsen Building F09, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. - - 2010
To characterise differences between three widely used colorectal cancer cell lines using ultrastructural selective staining for glycogen to determine variation in metastatic properties. Transmission electron microscopy was used in this investigation to help identify intracellular structures and morphological features which are precursors of tumor invasion. In addition to morphological markers, ...
Chui A - - 2010
DLX3, a member of the large homeobox gene family of transcription factors, is necessary for normal placentation. Targeted deletion of dlx3 in mouse resulted in embryonic death due to placental failure. This study demonstrates the presence of DLX3 mRNA expression in human first trimester and term placental tissue, cultured trophoblast-like ...
Ide Kaori - - 2010
A novel canine epidermal keratinocyte cell line, MSCEK, was developed from skin of a healthy dog. The aim of this study was to determine its expression of desmosomal components and to evaluate its use as a detection tool for circulating autoantibodies in canine pemphigus. Immunofluorescence and western blotting analyses revealed ...
Miloszewska J - - 2010
Accumulating data suggest that cancers contain a fraction of cells called cancer stem cells (CSCs), that may be responsible for upkeep and relapses of disease. In experimental settings, CSCs are regarded as most effective at tumour initiation in in vivo assays. Since the first isolation of cancer stem cells from ...
Na R S - - 2010
The aim of this work was to seek a different approach to conserving important domestic animals in imminent danger. A Qingyuan partridge chicken embryonic fibroblast line, containing 336 cryovials with 8x10(6) cells each, was successfully established from 60 Qingyuan partridge chicken embryos using explant culture and cryopreservation techniques. The cells ...
Huang Yen Ta - - 2010
Pathologically, >90% of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Previously, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) but not tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) was found in normal urothelium. TrkB activation by BDNF has been shown to promote the progression of several cancers, however, the existence and functional roles of both BDNF and ...
Jang Da Hyun da - - 2010
Although >60% of oral cancer cases are not related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, most studies of oral carcinogenesis in human cells in vitro are carried out with human oral keratinocytes immortalized by HPV DNA. To explore whether human oral keratinocytes can spontaneously transform without HPV infection, we attempted to ...
Yang S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare different biological characteristics of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) between those with normal and those with abnormal karyotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Culture-adapted HESCs (chHES-3) with abnormal karyotype were compared with karyotypically normal cells, with regard to pluripotency and differentiation capacity, ultrastructure, growth characteristics, gene expression profiles and ...
Tabata Sanae - - 2010
Recombinant production of extracellular glycoproteins in stable mammalian cell lines is an ideal technique for obtaining a large quantity of high-quality proteins. In most cases, however, current methodologies do not allow for sufficiently rapid cell line development and protein purification. Here, we describe a 21-residue peptide tag (designated as TARGET ...
van Nifterik K A - - 2010
The DNA repair protein O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) can cause resistance to the alkylating drug temozolomide (TMZ). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the MGMT status, determined by means of several techniques and methods, and the cytotoxic response to TMZ in 11 glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell ...
Wilke Sonja S Division of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, 38124 Braunschweig, - - 2010
Stable mammalian cell lines are excellent tools for the expression of secreted and membrane glycoproteins. However, structural analysis of these molecules is generally hampered by the complexity of N-linked carbohydrate side chains. Cell lines with mutations are available that result in shorter and more homogenous carbohydrate chains. Here, we use ...
Sajithlal Gangadharan B GB Section of Hematology/Oncology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2010
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be resistant to standard chemotherapeutic drugs and the inimical conditions of the tumor microenvironment. Obtaining CSCs in sufficient quantities and maintaining their undifferentiated state have been major hurdles to their further characterization and to the identification of new pharmaceuticals that preferentially target these ...
Brunner C - - 2010
Proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) has been used to analyze the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by in-vitro cultured human cells. For this purpose, two pairs of cancerous and non-cancerous human cell lines were selected:1. lung epithelium cells A-549 and retinal pigment epithelium cells hTERT-RPE1, cultured in different growth ...
Fan Ting-Jun - - 2010
A turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, fin (TF) cell line was established and susceptibility to turbot reddish body iridovirus (TRBIV) was determined in this study. Primary culture of TF cells was initiated from fin tissue pieces partially digested with trypsin, collagenase II and hyaluronidase. Digested tissue pieces were cultured at 24 degrees ...
Chen Tian Sheng - - 2010
To identify unique biochemical pathways in embryonic stem cell-derived insulin-producing cells as potential therapeutic targets to prevent or delay beta-cell dysfunction or death in diabetic patients, comparative genome-wide gene expression studies of recently derived mouse insulin-producing cell lines and their progenitor cell lines were performed using microarray technology. Differentially expressed ...
Moriarty Eoin - - 2010
A facile 6-exo-trig cyclization of sigma-aromatic radicals has allowed the synthesis of various aromatic ring fused benzimidazoles and benzimidazolequinones. The most highly conjugated naphthyl fused benzimidazolequinone, (5-methyl-5,6-dihydrobenzimidazo[2,1-a]benzo[f]isoquinoline-8,11-dione) showed the highest specificity towards human cervical (HeLa) and prostate (DU145) cancer cell lines with little toxicity towards a human normal (GM00637) cell ...
Vesper Benjamin J - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO), a free radical, has been implicated in the biology of human cancers, including breast cancer, yet it is still unclear how NO affects tumor development and propagation. We herein gradually adapted four human breast adenocarcinoma cell lines (BT-20, Hs578T, T-47D, and MCF-7) to increasing concentrations of the ...
Polinski Mark P - - 2010
This study describes the development and partial characterization of a continuous fibroblastic-like cell line (BEF-1) developed from late stage embryos of North American burbot Lota lota maculosa. This cell line has been maintained for over 5 yr and 100 passages in vitro. Cells were cultured using Eagle's minimum essential medium ...
Enguita-Germán Mónica - - 2010
CD133 has recently been used as a reliable marker for brain tumor stem cells isolation. Sonic hedgehog (SHH) is implicated in medulloblastoma and central primitive neuroectodermal tumor (cPNET) formation. It has recently been suggested a role for the EWS/FLI1 fusion protein--typical of pPNET--in the upregulation of GLI1 and PTCH1 genes. ...
Xu Fang - - 2010
A new cell line was established from the embryos of the insect Chrysodeixis chalcites (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Plusiinae). The cell line contains several morphologically different cell types and was distinguished from three other lepidopteran cell lines propagated in the laboratory by DNA amplification fingerprinting. The cultured cells, which we officially named ...
Minami Kahori - - 2010
PURPOSE: Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) have a unique epigenetic profile distinct from that of other types of cancer. Elucidation of these properties has a potential to identify novel markers for TGCTs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We conducted comprehensive analysis of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) gene expression in TGCTs. Based on the expression ...
- - 2010
Cell lines are used extensively in research and drug development as models of normal and cancer tissues. However, a substantial proportion of cell lines is mislabelled or replaced by cells derived from a different individual, tissue or species. The scientific community has failed to tackle this problem and consequently thousands ...
Takeyama Yoshihiro Y Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Showa-ku, Nagoya, - - 2010
We found that among four master epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-inducing genes (ZEB1, SIP1, Snail, and Slug) ZEB1expression was most significantly correlated with the mesenchymal phenotype (high Vimentin and low E-cadherin expression) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and tumors. Furthermore, ZEB1 knockdown with RNA interference in three NSCLC cell ...
Watanabe Masaaki - - 2010
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) causes an aggressive malignancy of T lymphocytes called adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), and expression of HTLV-1 Tax influences cell survival, proliferation, and genomic stability in the infected T lymphocytes. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A/p21(waf1/Cip1)) is upregulated by Tax, without perturbation of cell cycle control. During ...
Bai Chunyu - - 2010
Up to 32 Landrace ear marginal tissue samples were used for establishing a fibroblast cell bank by the means of primary explantation and cryopreservation. Biological analysis suggested that the Population Doubling Time (PDT) of the cell line was approximately 24h. The diploid accounted for 97.2% of the whole population; isozyme ...
Ishikawa Mayumi - - 2010
There are few case reports describing small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), which secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein (PTHrP) and result in hypercalcemia. We have established a novel cell line, derived from a 37-year-old woman with SCLC, which produced PTH, PTH-rP, and a part of proopiomelanocortin (POMC), and led to hypercalcemia. ...
Nakae Masanori - - 2010
The lateral line system and its innervation in ten tetraodontiform families and five outgroup taxa were examined. Although some homology issues remained unresolved, tetraodontiforms were characterized by having two types (at least) of superficial neuromasts (defined by the presence or absence of supporting structures) and accessory lateral lines and neuromasts ...
Huang Mingzhu - - 2010
Side population (SP) cells in primary tumors and cell lines are a small cell population, but they are known to enrich cancer stem cells (CSCs). In this study, we isolated SP cells from the human breast cancer cell line MCF7 as a model for studying CSCs. Compared with non-SP cells, ...
Kiesslich Tobias - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using Photofrin and, recently, Foscan has gained broad acceptance for palliative treatment of non-resectable cholangiocarcinoma (CC). No information, however, is available whether the phenotype of CC tumour cells has an effect on the efficiency of the treatment. Using a well-characterised set of n = 9 biliary tract ...
Fischer Nicole - - 2010
The recently discovered human polyomavirus (MCPyV) is frequently found in Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) tissue and is believed to be causally linked to MCC pathogenesis. While cell lines established from MCC represent a valuable tool to study the contribution of MCPyV to MCC pathogenesis, hitherto only 1 MCPyV-positive line has ...
Zhang Peng P Department of Surgery, Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, PR - - 2010
5-Fluorouracil has been the chemotherapy agent of first-choice for colorectal cancer for many years, but since there are no proven predictors of a patient's response to therapy, all patients receive similar treatment. Consequently, identification of biomarkers for therapeutic effect is crucial for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Two human ...
Deer Emily L EL Department of Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, - - 2010
The dismal prognosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is due in part to a lack of molecular information regarding disease development. Established cell lines remain a useful tool for investigating these molecular events. Here we present a review of available information on commonly used pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines as a resource to ...
Gong Li - - 2011
It has been reported that both polygonal and cuboidal cells in pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (PSH) are monoclonal in origin and represent a variable differentiation from a common progenitor cell. However, it remains unclear about the clonality of the entire PSH lesion composed of these two types of cells. Thus, we ...
Moulder Stacy - - 2010
Patient selection is important for targeted therapies, yet phase I/II trials are often underpowered for developing predictors of drug response. The goal of this research was to define genomic predictors for dasatinib that could be prospectively tested in early-phase clinical trials. Gene expression profiles of dasatinib-sensitive and dasatinib-resistant cell lines ...
Kawano Atsushi - - 2010
Western blotting with polyclonal antisera to polypeptides of the rainbow trout major histocompatibility (MH) genes and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to compare expression of MH genes in rainbow trout cell lines. One line was the spleen monocyte/macrophage-like RTS11, which grew loosely on plastic surfaces. Adherent cell lines ...
Zancan Patricia - - 2010
Cancer cells are characterized by increased aerobic glycolysis, which correlates with a negative prognosis. Although this correlation is well known, the mechanism of the elevated rate of glycolysis in cancer and the role of glycolytic enzymes have yet to be determined. The present work aims to evaluate the activity of ...
Lee C-C - - 2010
Uncontrolled growth and diffused invasion are major causes of mortality in patients with malignant gliomas. Nodal has been shown to have a central role in the tumorigenic signaling pathways of malignant melanoma. In this study, we show that grade IV human glioma cell lines expressed different levels of Nodal, paralleled ...
Ansorge Sven - - 2010
Changes in the nutrient availability of mammalian cell cultures are reflected in the beta-dispersion parameter characteristic frequency (f ( C )) and the on-line dual frequency permittivity signal. Multi-frequency permittivity measurements were therefore evaluated in fed-batch cultivations of two different CHO cell lines. Similar responses to nutrient depletions and discontinuous ...
Hedegaard Martin - - 2010
Raman spectroscopy is a label-free, real-time diagnostic tool that shows great promise in identifying cell differences. We have evaluated the discriminatory power of Raman spectroscopy using a unique model system consisting of two isogenic cancer cell lines derived from the MDA-MB-435 cell line. The two cell lines are equally tumorigenic ...
Guan W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We needed to establish an embryonic fibroblast cell line from the Langshan chicken (LSCEF61) to preserve their important genetic resources at the cellular level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cell line was established from 9-day-old embryos by direct explant culture and cryopreservation techniques. Cell morphology, dynamic proliferation and any contamination ...
Gunness Patrina - - 2010
Established cell lines are widely used as in vitro models in toxicology studies. The choice of an appropriate cell line is critical when performing studies to elucidate drug-induced toxicity in humans. The porcine renal proximal tubular cell line LLC-PK1 is routinely used to study the nephrotoxic effects of drugs in ...
Malek Anastasia - - 2010
Tumor cell dissemination to distant organs accounts for the majority of cancer related deaths. Analysis of the stepwise process of metastasis formation and progression might provide novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of disseminated cancer. However, studies with both biological and therapeutic endpoints would require highly sensitive and specific methods ...
Brenner J Chad JC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2010
We established multiple University of Michigan Squamous Cell Carcinoma (UM-SCC) cell lines. With time, these have been distributed to other labs all over the world. Recent scientific discussions have noted the need to confirm the origin and identity of cell lines in grant proposals and journal articles. We genotyped the ...
Quevedo Carla - - 2010
A Morinda citrifolia cell line was obtained by overexpresion of 1-deoxy-D: -xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXS) from Catharanthus roseus, a key enzyme of the metabolic pathway of anthraquinones (AQs). This cell line increased AQs production by about 24% compared to the control cell line. This transgenic cell line which carries dxs ...
Takeuchi Makoto - - 2010
We previously established a novel cell line, termed HOZOT, derived from umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells that is characterized as a human cytotoxic regulatory T (Treg) cell line with a FOXP3(+)CD4(+)CD8(+)CD25(+) phenotype. Here, we describe a new property of HOZOT cells: they actively penetrate into a variety of human cancer ...
Jakobsen Jannik E - - 2011
We report the establishment of a spontaneously immortalized pig cell line designated Pig Flip-in Visualize (PFV) for locus-directed transgene expression in pig cells and blastocysts. The PFV cell line was isolated from pig ear fibroblasts transfected with a Sleeping Beauty DNA transposon-based docking vector harbouring a selection gene, an eGFP ...
Wang Lin - - 2011
High aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity has recently been used to identify tumorigenic cell fractions in many cancer types. Herein we hypothesized that a subpopulation of cells with cancer stem cells (CSCs) properties could be identified in established human osteosarcoma cell lines based on high ALDH activity. We previously showed that ...
Bortolomai Ileana - - 2010
To investigate the tumor fraction with cancer stem/tumor initiating cell (CSC/TIC) characteristics, we tested the human cervical carcinoma cell lines A431, Caski and SiHa, by growth as non-adherent spheres in specific media and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) enzymatic activity. A good correlation between the two parameters was observed and the highest ...
Zhou Di - - 2010
To establish a potential resource for cell therapy and a developmental model for human diseases, we had isolated three Chinese human embryonic stem cell lines from the inner cell mass of human blastocysts in 2002. All the three cell lines were grown on mouse embryonic fibroblasts as feeder cells; one ...
Singh Harmeet - - 2010
We have systematically developed single cell-inoculated suspension cultures of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) in defined media. Cell survival was dependent on hESC re-aggregation. In the presence of the Rho kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (Ri) only approximately 44% of the seeded cells were rescued, but an optimized heat shock treatment combined ...
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