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Results 201 - 250 of 2228
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Matsubara Daisuke - - 2010
No comprehensive data are available on the molecular predictors of sensitivity to MET inhibitor in lung carcinomas. We examined the efficacy of the MET inhibitor PHA665752 in 41 cell lines of non-small lung carcinoma to determine whether sensitivity to the MET inhibitor is correlated with the (1) genetic statuses of ...
Marlow Laura A LA Mayo Clinic, Department of Cancer Biology, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, - - 2010
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a highly aggressive carcinoma in need of therapeutic options. One critical component of drug discovery is the availability of well-characterized cell lines for identification of molecular mechanisms related to tumor biology and drug responsiveness. Up to 42% of human thyroid cancer cell lines are redundant ...
Tauler Jordi - - 2010
Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) has been reported to be overexpressed in lung cancer and in other cancers such as breast, pancreas, and liver. However, a mechanism linking hnRNP A2/B1 overexpression and progression to cancer has not yet been definitively established. To elucidate this mechanism, we have silenced hnRNPA2/B1 ...
Nekulová Marta - - 2010
The protein homologous to the tumor suppressor p53, p73, has essential roles in development and tumorigenesis. This protein exists in a wide range of isoforms with different, even antagonistic, functions. However, there are virtually no detailed morphological studies analyzing the endogenous expression of p73 isoforms at the cellular level in ...
Treekitkarnmongkol Warapen - - 2010
To compare the impact of ErbB2 on cell invasion and proliferation in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cell lines. Level of endogenous ErbB2 expression in three CCA cell lines, namely HuCCA-1, KKU-100 and KKU-M213, was determined by real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Two ErbB2 inhibitory methods, a small molecule ErbB2 kinase inhibitor (AG825) ...
Fraga Ana M - - 2011
Pluripotent human embryonic stem (hES) cells are an important experimental tool for basic and applied research, and a potential source of different tissues for transplantation. However, one important challenge for the clinical use of these cells is the issue of immunocompatibility, which may be dealt with by the establishment of ...
García-Escudero Vega - - 2011
Ensheathing glia have been demonstrated to have neuroregenerative properties but this cell type from human sources has not been extensively studied because tissue samples are not easily obtained, primary cultures are slow growing, and human cell lines are not available. We previously isolated immortalized ensheathing glia by gene transfer of ...
Camerlingo Rosa - - 2011
Sarcomatoid carcinomas are a group of poorly differentiated carcinomas containing a sarcomatoid component with the presence of epithelial-mesenchymal transition. To obtain a stabilized cell line, three mediums were used: IMDM, BEBM and IMDM/BEBM. CD44, CD29, CD90, CD133, CD326 antigens, cytokeratins and vimentin were tested by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence assay. ...
Barnard Gavin C - - 2010
The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris has recently been engineered to express therapeutic glycoproteins with uniform human N-glycans at high titers. In contrast to the current art where producing therapeutic proteins in mammalian cell lines yields a final product with heterogeneous N-glycans, proteins expressed in glycoengineered P. pastoris can be designed ...
O'Callaghan Peter M - - 2010
In this study we compare the cellular control of recombinant human IgG(4) monoclonal antibody (Mab) synthesis in different CHO cell lines. Based on comprehensive empirical analyses of mRNA and polypeptide synthetic intermediates we constructed cell line-specific mathematical models of recombinant Mab manufacture in seven GS-CHO cell lines varying in specific ...
Kimura Osamu - - 2010
Accumulating evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) play an important role in tumorigenicity. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is one of the markers that identifies tumor cells with high tumorigenicity. The expression of EpCAM in liver progenitor cells prompted us to investigate whether CSC could be identified in hepatocellular ...
Cvijetić Ilija N - - 2010
An alignment-free 3D QSAR study on antiproliferative activity of the thirty-three 1,2,4,5-tetraoxane derivatives toward two human dedifferentiated cell lines was reported. GRIND methodology, where descriptors are derived from GRID molecular interaction fields (MIF), were used. It was found that pharmacophoric pattern attributed to the most potent derivatives include amido NH ...
Wong Susan - - 2010
Most continuous cell lines with erythroid characteristics are derived from patients with myelogenous leukemia or erythroleukemia. Among them, a few cell lines have been reported to be positive for CD36. We tried to establish a continuous erythroid cell line from the primary CD36(+) erythroid progenitor cells (EPCs) by the lentivirus-mediated ...
Thi Mia M - - 2010
The gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) has been proposed to play key roles in bone differentiation and mineralization, but underlying cellular mechanisms are not totally understood. To further explore roles of Cx43 in these processes, we immortalized calvarial osteoblasts from wild-type and Cx43-null mice using human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). ...
Mandal Arundhati - - 2010
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) offer new avenues for studying human development and disease progression in addition to their tremendous potential toward development of cell-replacement therapies for various cellular disorders. We have earlier reported the derivation and characterization of Relicell(®) hES1, the first fully characterized hESC line generated from the ...
Drexler Hans G - - 2010
We outline the near 50-year history of leukemia-lymphoma (LL) cell lines - a key model system in biomedicine. Due to the detailed documentation of their oncogenomic and transcriptional alterations via recent advances in molecular medicine, LL cell lines may be fitted to parent tumors with a degree of precision unattainable ...
Fujioka Tsuyoshi - - 2010
Following the success in establishing human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, research into various applications of the cells derived from human iPS cells has begun in earnest. The use of iPS cell-derived cells in clinical therapies is one of the most exciting of the possible applications. However, the risk of ...
Malphettes Laetitia - - 2010
IgG1 antibodies produced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are heavily alpha1,6-fucosylated, a modification that reduces antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and can inhibit therapeutic antibody function in vivo. Addition of fucose is catalyzed by Fut8, a alpha1,6-fucosyltransferase. FUT8(-/-) CHO cell lines produce completely nonfucosylated antibodies, but the difficulty of recapitulating ...
Selvan Senthamil R - - 2010
Personalized vaccine, recognized after the failure of allogenic melanoma whole cell and lysate vaccine phase III trials, involves culturing cells from a patient's own tumor within a short duration and with less passages but with optimized expression of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Its feasibility is established by comparing pure cell lines ...
Hoshikawa Hiroshi - - 2010
This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between the antiproliferative effects of D-allose and the up-regulation of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) in head and neck cancer cells. For the in vitro study, 5 oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines (Ca9-22, HSC-3, HSC-4, SAS, and KON) were treated with 25 mmol/L ...
Nakhlband Ailar - - 2010
Lung cancer is still one of the leading causes of malignancy related deaths worldwide despite recent advances in diagnosis and therapy. Among various biomarkers detected in cancerous cells, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a key role in initiation/promotion of several malignancies. Thus, a number of studies have been ...
Danovi Davide D Wellcome Trust Centre for Stem Cell Research, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QR, UK. - - 2010
The development of optimal culture methods for embryonic, tissue and cancer stem cells is a critical foundation for their application in drug screening. We previously described defined adherent culture conditions that enable expansion of human radial glia-like fetal NS (neural stem) cells as stable cell lines. Similar protocols proved effective ...
Wiranowska Marzenna M Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, University of South Florida, College of Medicine, Tampa, FL 33612-4799, USA. - - 2010
This study examines the functional relationship between glioma cell production of hyaluronan (HA), known to play a role in glioma invasion, expression of its CD44 receptor, and glioma cell viability. Production of HA by CD44 positive mouse G26 and human U373 glioma cell lines was evaluated and compared to that ...
Wang Ya-Fen - - 2010
A recombinant Huh7-PPRE-Luc cell line for analyzing the peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE)-driven luciferase activity was established. The cells exhibited a good dose-response induction in PPRE-driven luciferase activity by three subtypes of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists as well as by a retinoid X receptor agonist, 9-cis-retinoic acid. Among five ...
Gildea John J - - 2010
HK-2 human renal proximal tubule cells (RPTC) are commonly used in the in vitro study of "normal" RPTCs. We discovered recently that HK-2 cells are uncoupled from dopamine 1 receptor (D(1)R) adenylyl cyclase (AC) stimulation. We hypothesized that G protein-coupled receptor kinase type 4 (GRK4) single nucleotide polymorphisms may be ...
Takamatsu Fumihiko - - 2010
Cultured cell sheets for transplantation generally have been co-cultured with animal feeder cells, which carry risks because of different species and results in non-contact culture between the feeder and target cells. We developed a new technique to produce human eliminable feeder-assisted target cell sheets by novel human-derived genetically modified feeder ...
Gisselsson David - - 2010
Established tumour cell lines are ubiquitous tools in research, but their representativity is often debated. One possible caveat is that many cell lines are derived from cells with genomic instability, potentially leading to genotype changes in vitro. We applied SNP-array analysis to an established tumour cell line (WiT49). Even though ...
Kremer Melanie - - 2010
Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) are characterised by clonal expansion of helper T lymphocytes that infiltrate the skin. Only a small number of cell lines exist to study cellular pathways leading to T-cell transformation and to identify new targets for intervention. We wanted to investigate the inhibition of mTOR as a ...
Barallon Rita - - 2010
Cell misidentification and cross-contamination have plagued biomedical research for as long as cells have been employed as research tools. Examples of misidentified cell lines continue to surface to this day. Efforts to eradicate the problem by raising awareness of the issue and by asking scientists voluntarily to take appropriate actions ...
Lakra W S - - 2011
Cell lines provide an important biological tool for carrying out investigations into physiology, virology, toxicology, carcinogenesis and transgenics. Teleost fish cell lines have been developed from a broad range of tissues such as ovary, fin, swim bladder, heart, spleen, liver, eye muscle, vertebrae, brain, skin. One hundred and twenty-four new ...
Mulinari Shai - - 2010
The development of multicellular organisms is associated with extensive rearrangements of tissues and cell sheets. The driving force for these rearrangements is generated mostly by the actin cytoskeleton. In order to permit the reproducible development of a specific body plan, dynamic reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton must be precisely coordinated ...
Luo Min - - 2010
Very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) belongs to the low density lipoprotein receptor family, it is divided into two subtypes according to forms with an absence (type II) or a presence (type I) of the O-linked sugar domain. VLDLR have been detected in kinds of cancers so far; however, the ...
Capes-Davis Amanda - - 2010
Continuous cell lines consist of cultured cells derived from a specific donor and tissue of origin that have acquired the ability to proliferate indefinitely. These cell lines are well-recognized models for the study of health and disease, particularly for cancer. However, there are cautions to be aware of when using ...
Campbell Margie - - 2010
The AttSite Recombinase Technology from Intrexon, Blacksburg, VA, utilizes specific DNA sequences and proprietary recombinase enzymes to catalyze the insertion of a gene of interest at a specific location in the host cell genome. Using this technology, we have developed Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines that have incorporated attB ...
Lakra Wazir S - - 2010
Development of cell lines from fish for identifying the pathogenesis of viral diseases and for vaccine production against viral and bacterial diseases is imperative where they are of commercial importance. Three new diploid fish cell lines (RF, RH, and RSB) were developed from fin, heart, and swim bladder of an ...
Tanaka Tetsuji - - 2010
Patients with unresectable advanced uterine leiomyosarcoma have a very poor prognosis because no effective chemotherapeutic protocols exist. There are currently few established primary human uterine leiomyosarcoma cell lines that can be used to investigate effective therapies. To overcome this problem, we carried out long-term in vitro cell culture and/or nude ...
McMahon Melanie B - - 2010
To evaluate in vitro biological activity of gemcitabine, alone and in combination with Pamidronate or carboplatin, against canine osteosarcoma (OSA) cell lines. In vitro cultures of OSA cell lines OSA8, OSA16, OSA32, and OSA36. Cell lines were treated with gemcitabine alone or in combination with pamidronate or carboplatin. Cell viability ...
Swaminathan T Raja - - 2010
A new cell line [pearlspot fin (PSF)] has been developed from caudal fin of Etroplus suratensis, a brackish/freshwater fish cultivated in India. The cell line was maintained in Leibovitz's L-15 supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). The PSF cell line consisted predominantly of epithelial-like cells. The cells were able ...
Tamaoki N - - 2010
Defined sets of transcriptional factors can reprogram human somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. However, many types of human cells are not easily accessible to minimally invasive procedures. Here we evaluated dental pulp cells (DPCs) as an optimal source of iPS cells, since they are easily obtained from ...
Biazik Joanna M - - 2010
AIM: To characterise differences between three widely used colorectal cancer cell lines using ultrastructural selective staining for glycogen to determine variation in metastatic properties. METHODS: Transmission electron microscopy was used in this investigation to help identify intracellular structures and morphological features which are precursors of tumor invasion. In addition to ...
Chui A - - 2010
DLX3, a member of the large homeobox gene family of transcription factors, is necessary for normal placentation. Targeted deletion of dlx3 in mouse resulted in embryonic death due to placental failure. This study demonstrates the presence of DLX3 mRNA expression in human first trimester and term placental tissue, cultured trophoblast-like ...
Ide Kaori - - 2010
A novel canine epidermal keratinocyte cell line, MSCEK, was developed from skin of a healthy dog. The aim of this study was to determine its expression of desmosomal components and to evaluate its use as a detection tool for circulating autoantibodies in canine pemphigus. Immunofluorescence and western blotting analyses revealed ...
Miloszewska J - - 2010
Accumulating data suggest that cancers contain a fraction of cells called cancer stem cells (CSCs), that may be responsible for upkeep and relapses of disease. In experimental settings, CSCs are regarded as most effective at tumour initiation in in vivo assays. Since the first isolation of cancer stem cells from ...
Na R S - - 2010
The aim of this work was to seek a different approach to conserving important domestic animals in imminent danger. A Qingyuan partridge chicken embryonic fibroblast line, containing 336 cryovials with 8x10(6) cells each, was successfully established from 60 Qingyuan partridge chicken embryos using explant culture and cryopreservation techniques. The cells ...
Huang Yen Ta - - 2010
Pathologically, >90% of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Previously, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) but not tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) was found in normal urothelium. TrkB activation by BDNF has been shown to promote the progression of several cancers, however, the existence and functional roles of both BDNF and ...
Jang Da Hyun da - - 2010
Although >60% of oral cancer cases are not related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, most studies of oral carcinogenesis in human cells in vitro are carried out with human oral keratinocytes immortalized by HPV DNA. To explore whether human oral keratinocytes can spontaneously transform without HPV infection, we attempted to ...
Yang S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare different biological characteristics of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) between those with normal and those with abnormal karyotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Culture-adapted HESCs (chHES-3) with abnormal karyotype were compared with karyotypically normal cells, with regard to pluripotency and differentiation capacity, ultrastructure, growth characteristics, gene expression profiles and ...
Tabata Sanae - - 2010
Recombinant production of extracellular glycoproteins in stable mammalian cell lines is an ideal technique for obtaining a large quantity of high-quality proteins. In most cases, however, current methodologies do not allow for sufficiently rapid cell line development and protein purification. Here, we describe a 21-residue peptide tag (designated as TARGET ...
Sajithlal Gangadharan B - - 2010
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be resistant to standard chemotherapeutic drugs and the inimical conditions of the tumor microenvironment. Obtaining CSCs in sufficient quantities and maintaining their undifferentiated state have been major hurdles to their further characterization and to the identification of new pharmaceuticals that preferentially target these ...
van Nifterik K A - - 2010
The DNA repair protein O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) can cause resistance to the alkylating drug temozolomide (TMZ). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the MGMT status, determined by means of several techniques and methods, and the cytotoxic response to TMZ in 11 glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell ...
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