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Kroon Andreas A - - 2011
The molecular mechanism(s) by which mechanical ventilation disrupts alveolar development, a hallmark of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, is unknown. To determine the effect of 24 h of mechanical ventilation on lung cell cycle regulators, cell proliferation and alveolar formation in newborn rats. Seven-day old rats were ventilated with room air for 8, ...
Nagata Nobuhiko - - 2011
It is difficult to predict survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Recently, several proteins, such as surfactant protein (SP) and KL-6, have been reported to be useful biologic markers for prediction of prognosis for interstitial pneumonias. It is not clear whether there is any relationship between expression of these ...
Cortez Beatriz de Araujo Bde - - 2011
Chrysotile is one of the six types of asbestos, and it is the only one that can still be commercialized in many countries. Exposure to other types of asbestos has been associated with serious diseases, such as lung carcinomas and pleural mesotheliomas. The association of chrysotile exposure with disease is ...
Yoon Mi Young - - 2011
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a gram-negative bacterium of clinical importance, forms more robust biofilm during anaerobic respiration, a mode of growth presumed to occur in abnormally thickened mucus layer lining the cystic fibrosis (CF) patient airway. However, molecular basis behind this anaerobiosis-triggered robust biofilm formation is not clearly defined yet. Here, we ...
Wemhöner Andreas - - 2011
In mechanically ventilated preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), exogenous surfactant application has been demonstrated both to decrease DNA-synthesis but also and paradoxically to increase epithelial cell proliferation. However, the effect of exogenous surfactant has not been studied directly on alveolar type II cells (ATII cells), a key cell ...
Purwar Rahul R Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Skin Disease Research Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2011
Recent studies have shown that tissue resident memory T cells (T(RM)) are critical to antiviral host defense in peripheral tissues. This new appreciation of T(RM) that reside in epithelial tissues and mediate host defense has been studied most extensively in skin: adult human skin contains large numbers of functional T(RM) ...
Gál Krisztina - - 2011
Smoking is the leading risk factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Corticosteroids are abundantly used in these patients; however, the interaction of smoking and steroid treatment is not fully understood. Heat shock proteins (Hsps) play a central role in the maintenance of cell integrity, apoptosis and ...
Xue Qiong Q Center for Inflammatory and Infectious Diseases, Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2011
Inhalational anthrax is initiated by pulmonary exposure to Bacillus anthracis spores. Spore entry into lung epithelial cells is observed both in vitro and in vivo and evidence suggests it is important for bacterial dissemination and virulence. However the specific host receptor and spore factor that mediate the entry process were ...
Sakuma Yuji - - 2011
The tyrosine kinase Src plays an important role in the development of anoikis resistance in lung adenocarcinomas. Several suspension lung adenocarcinoma cell lines, which express phosphorylated Src, undergo apoptosis, or anoikis, in the presence of Src kinase inhibitors. However, lung adenocarcinoma cell lines vary in their sensitivity to Src inhibitors. ...
Kim Su Hwan - - 2010
We have developed a microfluidic gradient device for controlling mucin gene expression of NCI-H292 epithelial cells derived from lung tissues. We hypothesized that gradient profiles would control mucin gene expression of lung epithelial cells. However, it was not possible to generate various stable gradient profiles using conventional culture methods. To ...
Kim Su Hwan - - 2011
We have developed a microfluidic gradient device for controlling mucin gene expression of NCI-H292 epithelial cells derived from lung tissues. We hypothesized that gradient profiles would control mucin gene expression of lung epithelial cells. However, it was not possible to generate various stable gradient profiles using conventional culture methods. To ...
Kamitani Sumiko - - 2010
Background: Airway remodeling is an important feature of chronic airway disease, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Recently, epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) was reported to be associated with tissue fibrosis. TGF-β1, which is a potent inducer of EMT, is thought to be related to the pathogenesis of airway remodeling. We ...
Kim Chung Kwon - - 2010
The signaling network of protein kinase B(PKB)/Akt has been implicated in survival of lung cancer cells. However, understanding the relative contribution of the different isoform of Akt network is nontrival. Here, we report that Akt2 is highly expressed in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 cells. Suppression of Akt2 expression ...
Singhal Riju - - 2011
Glass micropipettes, atomic force microscope tips and nanoneedles can be used to interrogate cells, but these devices either have conical geometries that can damage cells during penetration or are incapable of continuous fluid handling. Here, we report a carbon-nanotube-based endoscope for interrogating cells, transporting fluids and performing optical and electrochemical ...
Douville Nicholas J - - 2011
Studies using this micro-system demonstrated significant morphological differences between alveolar epithelial cells (transformed human alveolar epithelial cell line, A549 and primary murine alveolar epithelial cells, AECs) exposed to combination of solid mechanical and surface-tension stresses (cyclic propagation of air-liquid interface and wall stretch) compared to cell populations exposed solely to ...
Domyan Eric T - - 2010
The mammalian respiratory lineage, consisting of the trachea and lung, originates from the ventral foregut in an early embryo. Reciprocal signaling interactions between the foregut epithelium and its associated mesenchyme guide development of the respiratory endoderm, from a naive sheet of cells to multiple cell types that line a functional ...
Domyan Eric T - - 2011
The mammalian respiratory lineage, consisting of the trachea and lung, originates from the ventral foregut in an early embryo. Reciprocal signaling interactions between the foregut epithelium and its associated mesenchyme guide development of the respiratory endoderm, from a naive sheet of cells to multiple cell types that line a functional ...
Wang Ping - - 2011
Mechanical loading of the intervertebral disc (IVD) plays an important role in governing the function of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. In situ, the loading environment of the NP is neither fully confined nor unconfined. To investigate the potential influences of these idealized loading modes, we utilized an alginate cell culture ...
Kataoka Ken - - 2010
REIC/Dkk-3 was first identified as a down-regulated gene in a number of human immortalized cells and human tumor-derived cell lines. Overexpression of the REIC/Dkk-3 gene using an adenovirus vector (Ad-REIC) has showed a potent selective therapeutic effect on various human cancers through induction of ER stress. Furthermore, we recently showed ...
Tan Rachel H H - - 2010
To measure the ascorbic acid (AA) concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and cellular glutathione peroxidase (cGPx) activity in RBCs and WBCs from peripherally obtained blood and in cells from BALF to determine whether differences existed between the 2 major redox systems in recurrent airway obstruction (RAO)-affected and -nonaffected (control) ...
Houghton Peter J - - 2010
Treatment with the nucleoside analog cytarabine has been shown to mimic changes in gene expression associated with downregulation of the EWS-FLI1 oncogene in Ewing sarcoma cell lines, selectively inhibit their growth in vitro, and cause tumor regression in athymic nude mice. For this report cytarabine was studied in vitro against ...
Choi Chang Won - - 2010
Recent progress in neonatal medicine has enabled survival of many extremely low-birth-weight infants. Prenatal steroids, surfactants, and non-invasive ventilation have helped reduce the incidence of the classical form of bronchopulmonary dysplasia characterized by marked fibrosis and emphysema. However, a new form of bronchopulmonary dysplasia marked by arrest of alveolarization remains ...
Imai Hisao - - 2010
L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is highly expressed in various human neoplasms. Antitumor activity of inhibiting LAT1 was analyzed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Expression of LAT1 mRNA in 54 lung cancer cell lines was examined by RT-PCR. An inhibitor of LAT1, 2-aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)-heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH), was administered to ...
Grymula Katarzyna K Stem Cell Institute at James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2010
We have demonstrated that the α-chemokine stromal-derived factor (SDF)-1-CXCR4 axis plays an important role in rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) metastasis. With the recent description of CXCR7, a new receptor for SDF-1 that also binds the interferon-inducible T-cell α chemoattractant (ITAC) chemokine, we became interested in the role of the CXCR7-SDF-1/ITAC axis in ...
Li Li-Ping - - 2010
Subcellular proteomics was used to compare the protein profiles between human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells. In total, 106 differential proteins were identified and the altered expression levels of partial identified proteins were confirmed by Western blot analysis. Importantly, pathway analysis and biological validation revealed ...
Thurnherr Tina - - 2011
The close resemblance of carbon nanotubes to asbestos fibers regarding their high aspect ratio, biopersistence and reactivity increases public concerns on the widespread use of these materials. The purpose of this study was not only to address the acute adverse effects of industrially produced multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on human ...
Miglino N - - 2011
Reduced translation of CEBPA mRNA has been associated with increased proliferation of bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) cells of asthma patients. Here, we assessed the effect of house dust mite (HDM) extracts on the cell proliferation ([(3)H]-thymidine incorporation), inflammation (interleukin (IL)-6 release) and upstream translation regulatory proteins of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP)α ...
Loukeris Kristina - - 2010
Fine needle aspirations biopsies, CT-guided and endobronchial ultrasound-guided, as a mode of diagnosing and/or staging lung carcinoma, are becoming more frequent. Also, there is greater necessity for classification of lung cancers into subcategories of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma for appropriate management. Cytomorphology, based on smears alone, allows this classification ...
Yuan Bifeng - - 2010
Thiopurines are effective immunosuppressants and anticancer agents. However, the long-term use of thiopurines was found to be associated with a significantly increased risk of various types of cancer. To date, the specific mechanism(s) underlying the carcinogenicity associated with thiopurine treatment remain(s) unclear. Herein, we constructed duplex pTGFP-Hha10 shuttle vectors carrying ...
Lu Hong-Yan - - 2011
Hyperoxia exposure is a significant risk factor for the impaired alveolarization characteristic of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECIIs) may serve as "alveolar stem cells" to transdifferentiate into type I alveolar epithelial cells (AECIs). Here, we show that hyperoxia is capable of inducing transdifferentiation of AECIIs in premature ...
Kastner Pierre Edouard - - 2011
Formaldehyde (HCHO) is a common indoor air pollutant. To assess its potential role and mechanism of action in asthma, we exposed the bronchial epithelial cell lines Calu-3 and 16HBE to HCHO (70-7000 μM) according to two exposure schedules (30 min and 24 h), before measuring cell viability, necrosis and apoptosis, ...
Chang Henry L HL Pediatric Surgical Research Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2011
Given the fact that Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS) causes complex remodeling of the urogenital ridge and regression of the Mullerian ducts during male embryonic development, we examined whether MIS could affect similar cell properties such as migration and invasion that could contribute ultimately to micro-metastasis of cancers arising from Mullerian ...
Shiau Cheng-Kai - - 2011
Cell line identification is emerging as an essential method for every cell line user in research community to avoid using misidentified cell lines for experiments and publications. IGRhCellID (http://igrcid.ibms.sinica.edu.tw) is designed to integrate eight cell identification methods including seven methods (STR profile, gender, immunotypes, karyotype, isoenzyme profile, TP53 mutation and ...
Tsubota Yoshiaki - - 2010
Laminin gamma2 chain is a subunit of the heterotrimeric basement membrane protein laminin-332 (alpha3beta3gamma2). The gamma2 chain is highly expressed by human cancers at the invasion fronts and this expression correlates with poor prognosis of the cancers. Our previous study showed that the gamma2 chain is expressed as a monomer ...
Diaz-Romero Jose - - 2010
We have investigated the use of hierarchical clustering of flow cytometry data to classify samples of conventional central chondrosarcoma, a malignant cartilage forming tumor of uncertain cellular origin, according to similarities with surface marker profiles of several known cell types. Human primary chondrosarcoma cells, articular chondrocytes, mesenchymal stem cells, fibroblasts, ...
Sano Yasuteru - - 2010
The breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been considered to be a key step in the disease process of a number of neurological disorders such as cerebral ischemia and Alzheimer's disease. Many in vitro BBB models derived from animal tissues have been established to elucidate the mechanism of BBB ...
Hartsuiker Liesbeth - - 2010
The Her2/neu proto-oncogene is amplified in 25 to 30 percent of human primary breast carcinomas. The roles of Her2/neu have been reported before in literature, showing different relations to intracellular lipid composition. Here, we use Raman microspectroscopic imaging to reveal the chemical composition of single live cells from breast carcinoma ...
Giricz Orsi O Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, - - 2011
Proteolytic enzymes play fundamental roles in many biological processes. Members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family have been shown to take part in processes crucial in disease progression. The current study used the ExcelArray Human MMP/TIMP Array to quantify MMP and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) production in the lysates ...
Doi Takefumi - - 2011
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has a poor prognosis and is a treatment resistant tumor, which is increasing in frequency throughout the world. The poor prognosis is due to the aggressive local invasiveness rather than distant metastasis. In this study, we established a cell line of malignant mesothelioma from a clinical ...
Higgins Samantha C - - 2010
Cell culture and the use of cell lines are often fundamental requirements in basic scientific research. It is of the utmost importance for researchers to ensure that the cell lines in use have a well defined origin and are routinely re-analysed to highlight possible areas of contamination. In this preliminary ...
Xu Cheng-ping - - 2010
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in tumor neovascularization with undefined mechanisms. In this study, we explored the role of formylpeptide receptor, a G protein-coupled receptor, expressed by human malignant glioma cells in neovascularization of malignant glioma. EPCs were isolated from human umbilical cord blood and their migratory capability and ...
Nims Raymond W - - 2010
The role of cell authentication in biomedical science has received considerable attention, especially within the past decade. This quality control attribute is now beginning to be given the emphasis it deserves by granting agencies and by scientific journals. Short tandem repeat (STR) profiling, one of a few DNA profiling technologies ...
Steele Stacy L - - 2010
Recently, the use of overexpression of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) has led to the generation of immortalized human cell lines. However, this cell immortalization approach has not been reported in well-differentiated mouse cells, such as renal epithelial cells. We sought to establish and then characterize a mouse collecting duct cell ...
Mizrachy-Schwartz Sarit - - 2010
We explored the crosstalk between protein degradation and synthesis in cancer cells. The tumorigenic cell line, MCF7, showed enhanced proteasome activity compared to the nontumorigenic line, MCF10A. Although there was no difference in the sensitivity of MCF7 and MCF10A cells to proteasome inhibition in complete growth medium, combining proteasome inhibition ...
Wan Guanglun - - 2010
Analysis of the hematopoietic system has shown that bone marrow stem cells contain a subpopulation that effluxes the DNA binding dye, Hoechst 33342, out of the cell membrane. These cells are called side population (SP) cells and have been shown to have stem cell characteristics. SP cells have already been ...
Bundscherer Annika - - 2010
Beyond their primary field of application some well-established drugs exhibit antitumour effects in a variety of cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the COX2 inhibitor celecoxib and the mTOR antagonist rapamycin on angiosarcoma cell lines. Cell proliferation was measured in ASM, ISOS 1 and ...
Li Ping - - 2010
Genetic manipulation of porcine genome to produce genetically modified pigs with high efficiency has been hampered by the unavailability of an ideal cell type. The cell type currently used for various genetic manipulations is fetal fibroblasts. These cells have very limited life span in culture, and efficiency of gene targeting ...
Best O Giles - - 2010
Inhibitors of heat-shockprotein 90 (Hsp90) have been proposed as a novel therapeutic option for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL), particularly as their mechanism of action appears independent of mutations of ATM or TP53. We investigated the activity of a novel Hsp90 inhibitor, SNX7081, against a panel of eight haematological cell lines ...
Uraki Ryuta - - 2010
Macrophages, especially follicular dendritic cells, contribute to the pathogenesis of prion diseases by accumulating an abnormal isoform of prion protein (PrPSc), which is converted from the cellular isoform of prion protein (PrPC). As information on the function of PrPC in macrophages is limited, we have established a prion protein (PrP) ...
Han Hyuk-Soo - - 2010
We undertook this study to characterize changes in the proliferative capacities, chondrogenic phenotypes, and gene expression profiles of human synovium-derived progenitor cells from osteoarthritic patients during in vitro expansion. Cells isolated from osteoarthritic synovia were cultured, and growth rates during serial passages were evaluated. Surface molecule expressions were determined by ...
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