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Ning Yunye - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Slit2 has been reported to be implicated in many kinds of cell migration. However little is known about the effect of Slit2 on airway smooth muscle cell migration. This study was to detect the expression of Slit2 in rat airway smooth muscle (RASM) cells stimulated by platelet-derived growth factor ...
Kim Suil - - 2011
Mucous hypersecretion is an important feature of obstructive airway diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cystic fibrosis. Multiple stimuli induce mucin production via activation of an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) cascade, but the mechanisms that exaggerate mucin production in obstructive airway diseases remain unknown. In this ...
Kimura Toshihiro - - 2011
Cystic fibrosis is caused by impaired ion transport due to mutated cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, accompanied by elevated activity of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). Here we show that knockout of the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4L (Nedd4-2) specifically in lung epithelia (surfactant protein C-expressing type II and Clara cells) ...
Mayall Frederick G - - 2011
This report describes a simple method of preparing cell blocks from fluids submitted for cytology, using croutons of gelatin foam surgical dressing material.
Vallabani N V Srikanth - - 2011
Graphite nanomaterials such as thermally exfoliated graphite oxide (GO) are versatile in many applications. However, little is known about its effects on biological systems. In this study we characrerized the GO using dynamic light scattering (DLS) along with the toxicological aspects related to cytotoxicity and apoptosis in normal human lung ...
Hung Ming-Szu - - 2011
Cullin 4A (Cul4A) is important in cell survival, development, growth and the cell cycle, but its role in mesothelioma has not been studied. For the first time, we identified amplification of the Cul4A gene in four of five mesothelioma cell lines. Consistent with increased Cul4A gene copy number, we found ...
Thavagnanam Surendran - - 2011
Goblet cell hyperplasia (GCH) and decreased ciliated cells are characteristic of asthma. We examined the effects of IL-13 (2 and 20 ng/mL) on in vitro mucociliary differentiation in pediatric bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) of normal PBEC [PBEC(N)] and asthmatic PBEC [PBEC(A)] children. Markers of differentiation, real-time PCR for MUC5AC, MUC5AC ...
El-Hashash Ahmed H - - 2011
A proper balance between self-renewal and differentiation of lung-specific progenitors at the distal epithelial tips is absolutely required for normal lung morphogenesis. Cell polarity and mitotic spindle orientation play a critical role in the self-renewal/differentiation of epithelial cells and can impact normal physiological processes, including epithelial tissue branching and differentiation. ...
Green Teresa D - - 2011
A major characteristic of asthmatic airways is an increase in mucin (the glycoprotein component of mucus) producing and secreting cells, which leads to increased mucin release that further clogs constricted airways and contributes markedly to airway obstruction and, in the most severe cases, to status asthmaticus. Asthmatic airways show both ...
Ravasio Andrea - - 2011
Alveolar type II (AT II) cells are in close contact with an air-liquid interface (I(AL)). This contact may be of considerable physiological relevance; however, no data exist to provide a satisfying description of this specific microenvironment. This is mainly due to the experimental difficulty to manipulate and analyze cell-air contacts ...
Jeong Hye Cheol - - 2011
Abnormal expression of let-7a microRNA (miRNA) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and tissue has been previously reported. Our objective was to investigate whether let-7a miRNA is aberrantly expressed in the blood of NSCLC patients. Using real-time PCR (RT-PCR), we analyzed let-7a miRNA in archived whole blood from 65 ...
Andersson Per Ola - - 2011
The cellular uptake and distribution of five types of well-characterized anatase and rutile TiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) in A549 lung epithelial cells is reported. Static light scattering (SLS), in-vitro Raman microspectroscopy (μ-Raman) and transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM) reveal an intimate correlation between the intrinsic physicochemical properties of the NPs, particle agglomeration, ...
Lin Yu-Ying - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The axon guidance cue molecule Slit2 has been shown to suppress cancer cell invasion. However, the role of Slit2 in growth inhibition is still controversial. The authors identified a novel exon 15 (AKEQYFIP)-deleted slit2, located at the end of the second leucine-rich repeat (LRR2). Because LRR2 interacts with Robo1 ...
Zhou Z - - 2011
Transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) is a transcriptional coactivator involved in the differentiation of stem cell as well as the development of multiple organs. Recently, TAZ has also been identified as a major component of the novel Hippo-LATS tumor suppressor pathway and to function as an oncogene in breast ...
Yamakawa Naoko - - 2011
Although the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been used as a biological marker of alveolar epithelial cell injury in clinical studies, the mechanism for release of soluble RAGE from lung epithelial cells has not been well studied. Therefore, these studies were designed to determine the mechanism for ...
Wang Shaohua - - 2011
We present plasma membrane (PM) internalization responses of type I alveolar epithelial cells to a 50 mosmol/l increase in tonicity. Our research is motivated by interest in ATI repair, for which endocytic retrieval of PM appears to be critical. We validated pharmacological and molecular tools to dissect the endocytic machinery ...
Shan Jiajie - - 2011
Anion transport drives fluid into the airways and is essential for humidifying inspired air and supplying surface liquid for mucociliary transport. Despite the importance of airway secretion in diseases such as cystic fibrosis, the cellular mechanisms remain poorly understood, in part due to the small size and complicated structure of ...
Hayashi Mai - - 2011
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) indicates several biological effects, such as cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. LPA interacts with G protein-coupled transmembrane LPA receptors. In our previous report, we detected that loss of the LPA receptor-1 (Lpar1) expression is due to its aberrant DNA methylation in rat tumor cell lines. In this ...
Harada Taishi - - 2011
TrkB has been involved in poor cancer outcome. TrkB mutations have been reported in non-small cell lung cancer. In this study, we aimed at characterizing the role of three potentially sensitizing TrkB mutations previously reported in lung cancer. We characterized three activation loop mutants of TrkB (M713I, R715G, and R734C) ...
Simon Glenn C - - 2011
Airway bacterial infections are a major problem in lung diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cystic fibrosis. Increased Th2 cytokines, such as IL-13, are observed in lung diseases and may contribute to bacterial infections. How Th2 cytokines affect bacterial infection remains unknown. MUC18, an adhesion molecule shown ...
Saint-Criq Vinciane - - 2011
Azithromycin (AZM) has shown promising anti-inflammatory properties in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and clinical studies have presented an improvement in the respiratory condition of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate, in human airway cells, the mechanism by which AZM has beneficial effects in CF. ...
Swarts J D - - 2011
The geometry of the adult human mastoid air cell system has not previously been described over a large range of mastoid air cell volumes. Twenty subjects with a wide range of mastoid air cell pneumatised areas, as determined by X-ray, underwent computed tomography scanning of the middle ear. Mastoid air ...
Li Li-Ping - - 2011
Subcellular proteomics was used to compare the protein profiles between human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells. In total, 106 differential proteins were identified and the altered expression levels of partial identified proteins were confirmed by Western blot analysis. Importantly, pathway analysis and biological validation revealed ...
Hirooka Shinichi - - 2011
Objectives: Actin-associated proteins at cell-matrix-contact sites form invadopodia in cancer cells and participate in migration, matrix degradation and invasion. We investigated an alteration of subcellular localization of invadopodia-related actin-associated proteins, actinin-1 and cortactin, in lung adenocarcinomas, its clinical significance, and its possible regulatory factors. Methods: Invadopodia-related proteins, actinin-1 and cortactin, ...
Yue Wentao - - 2011
Background: The role of cell cycle protein cyclin Y (CCNY) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not clear. Hence, the aim of this study was to explore the potential role of CCNY in lung cancer. Patients and Methods: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used for detecting the expression of ...
Varga I - - 2011
The thymus is derived from pharyngeal region; a region from which, in case of aquatic vertebrates, the gills develop. According to the classical hypothesis, the epithelial thymus stroma of human embryos is derived from the endodermal cells of the left and right ventral parts of the third pharyngeal pouches. But ...
Cho William Cs - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as important modulators in cellular pathways and they appear to play a key role in tumorigenesis. MiR-145 is downregulated in several human malignancies including lung cancer, but the responsible molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We previously reported that restoration of hsa-miR-145 inhibits cancer cell growth in lung ...
Ahmad Iman M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of pyocyanin exposure on mitochondrial GSH, other cellular thiols (thioredoxin-1, Trx-1), and oxidant-sensitive signaling pathways hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α) and heme oxygenase (HO-1) in A549 and HBE cell lines. A549 human type II alveolar epithelial cells and human bronchial epithelial ...
Canderan Glenda - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e12014 in vol. 5.].
Chen Wei-Sheng - - 2011
Bostrycin is a novel compound isolated from marine fungi that inhibits proliferation of many cancer cells. However, the inhibitory effect of bostrycin on lung cancers has not been reported. This study is to investigate the inhibitory effects and mechanism of bostrycin on human lung cancer cells in vitro. We used ...
Mullol Joaquim - - 2011
Although antihistamines and topical corticosteroids are used in combination to treat allergic rhinitis, their additive effect has not been yet demonstrated. The aim was investigate the antiinflammatory additive effect of mometasone and desloratadine on cytokine and sICAM-1 secretion by epithelial cells, and on eosinophil survival stimulated by human epithelial cells ...
Kroon Andreas A - - 2011
The molecular mechanism(s) by which mechanical ventilation disrupts alveolar development, a hallmark of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, is unknown. To determine the effect of 24 h of mechanical ventilation on lung cell cycle regulators, cell proliferation and alveolar formation in newborn rats. Seven-day old rats were ventilated with room air for 8, ...
Nagata Nobuhiko - - 2011
It is difficult to predict survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Recently, several proteins, such as surfactant protein (SP) and KL-6, have been reported to be useful biologic markers for prediction of prognosis for interstitial pneumonias. It is not clear whether there is any relationship between expression of these ...
Cortez Beatriz de Araujo Bde - - 2011
Chrysotile is one of the six types of asbestos, and it is the only one that can still be commercialized in many countries. Exposure to other types of asbestos has been associated with serious diseases, such as lung carcinomas and pleural mesotheliomas. The association of chrysotile exposure with disease is ...
Yoon Mi Young - - 2011
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a gram-negative bacterium of clinical importance, forms more robust biofilm during anaerobic respiration, a mode of growth presumed to occur in abnormally thickened mucus layer lining the cystic fibrosis (CF) patient airway. However, molecular basis behind this anaerobiosis-triggered robust biofilm formation is not clearly defined yet. Here, we ...
Wemhöner Andreas - - 2011
In mechanically ventilated preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), exogenous surfactant application has been demonstrated both to decrease DNA-synthesis but also and paradoxically to increase epithelial cell proliferation. However, the effect of exogenous surfactant has not been studied directly on alveolar type II cells (ATII cells), a key cell ...
Purwar Rahul R Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Skin Disease Research Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2011
Recent studies have shown that tissue resident memory T cells (T(RM)) are critical to antiviral host defense in peripheral tissues. This new appreciation of T(RM) that reside in epithelial tissues and mediate host defense has been studied most extensively in skin: adult human skin contains large numbers of functional T(RM) ...
Xue Qiong - - 2011
Inhalational anthrax is initiated by pulmonary exposure to Bacillus anthracis spores. Spore entry into lung epithelial cells is observed both in vitro and in vivo and evidence suggests it is important for bacterial dissemination and virulence. However the specific host receptor and spore factor that mediate the entry process were ...
Gál Krisztina - - 2011
Smoking is the leading risk factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Corticosteroids are abundantly used in these patients; however, the interaction of smoking and steroid treatment is not fully understood. Heat shock proteins (Hsps) play a central role in the maintenance of cell integrity, apoptosis and ...
Sakuma Yuji - - 2011
The tyrosine kinase Src plays an important role in the development of anoikis resistance in lung adenocarcinomas. Several suspension lung adenocarcinoma cell lines, which express phosphorylated Src, undergo apoptosis, or anoikis, in the presence of Src kinase inhibitors. However, lung adenocarcinoma cell lines vary in their sensitivity to Src inhibitors. ...
Kim Su Hwan - - 2010
We have developed a microfluidic gradient device for controlling mucin gene expression of NCI-H292 epithelial cells derived from lung tissues. We hypothesized that gradient profiles would control mucin gene expression of lung epithelial cells. However, it was not possible to generate various stable gradient profiles using conventional culture methods. To ...
Kim Su Hwan - - 2011
We have developed a microfluidic gradient device for controlling mucin gene expression of NCI-H292 epithelial cells derived from lung tissues. We hypothesized that gradient profiles would control mucin gene expression of lung epithelial cells. However, it was not possible to generate various stable gradient profiles using conventional culture methods. To ...
Kamitani Sumiko - - 2010
Background: Airway remodeling is an important feature of chronic airway disease, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Recently, epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) was reported to be associated with tissue fibrosis. TGF-β1, which is a potent inducer of EMT, is thought to be related to the pathogenesis of airway remodeling. We ...
Kim Chung Kwon - - 2010
The signaling network of protein kinase B(PKB)/Akt has been implicated in survival of lung cancer cells. However, understanding the relative contribution of the different isoform of Akt network is nontrival. Here, we report that Akt2 is highly expressed in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 cells. Suppression of Akt2 expression ...
Singhal Riju - - 2011
Glass micropipettes, atomic force microscope tips and nanoneedles can be used to interrogate cells, but these devices either have conical geometries that can damage cells during penetration or are incapable of continuous fluid handling. Here, we report a carbon-nanotube-based endoscope for interrogating cells, transporting fluids and performing optical and electrochemical ...
Douville Nicholas J - - 2011
Studies using this micro-system demonstrated significant morphological differences between alveolar epithelial cells (transformed human alveolar epithelial cell line, A549 and primary murine alveolar epithelial cells, AECs) exposed to combination of solid mechanical and surface-tension stresses (cyclic propagation of air-liquid interface and wall stretch) compared to cell populations exposed solely to ...
Domyan Eric T - - 2010
The mammalian respiratory lineage, consisting of the trachea and lung, originates from the ventral foregut in an early embryo. Reciprocal signaling interactions between the foregut epithelium and its associated mesenchyme guide development of the respiratory endoderm, from a naive sheet of cells to multiple cell types that line a functional ...
Domyan Eric T - - 2011
The mammalian respiratory lineage, consisting of the trachea and lung, originates from the ventral foregut in an early embryo. Reciprocal signaling interactions between the foregut epithelium and its associated mesenchyme guide development of the respiratory endoderm, from a naive sheet of cells to multiple cell types that line a functional ...
Wang Ping - - 2011
Mechanical loading of the intervertebral disc (IVD) plays an important role in governing the function of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. In situ, the loading environment of the NP is neither fully confined nor unconfined. To investigate the potential influences of these idealized loading modes, we utilized an alginate cell culture ...
Kataoka Ken - - 2010
REIC/Dkk-3 was first identified as a down-regulated gene in a number of human immortalized cells and human tumor-derived cell lines. Overexpression of the REIC/Dkk-3 gene using an adenovirus vector (Ad-REIC) has showed a potent selective therapeutic effect on various human cancers through induction of ER stress. Furthermore, we recently showed ...
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