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Hamdaoui Nabila - - 2011
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP-dependent chloride channel in the plasma membrane of epithelia whose mutation is the cause of the genetic disease cystic fibrosis (CF). The most frequent CFTR mutation is deletion of Phe(508) and this mutant protein (delF508CFTR) does not readily translocate to the ...
Giangreco Adam - - 2011
Tracheal epithelial remodelling, excess mucus production, and submucosal gland hyperplasia are features of numerous lung diseases, yet their origins remain poorly understood. Previous studies have suggested that NF-κB signalling may regulate airway epithelial homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether deletion of the NF-κB signalling pathway protein ...
Suzuki Daniela E - - 2011
In the developing cerebellum, proliferation of granular neuroprogenitor (GNP) cells lasts until the early postnatal stages when terminal maturation of the cerebellar cortex occurs. GNPs are considered cell targets for neoplastic transformation, and disturbances in cerebellar GNP cell proliferation may contribute to the development of pediatric medulloblastoma. At the molecular ...
Pan Lin - - 2011
The let-7 family of microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to act as tumor suppressors and down-regulated in lung cancer. Recently, the RNA-binding protein Lin-28 was demonstrated to inhibit biogenesis of let-7 miRNAs by blocking both Drosha- and Dicer-mediated cleavage and accelerating decay of let-7 precursors. We selected NCI-H446 lung small cell ...
Roberge-White Emily - - 2011
Dictyostelium discoideum has served as a model for development and differentiation for over 70 years. Also regulated in Dictyostelium is the process of dedifferentiation, which consists of multiple cellular events that are separately regulated, providing an excellent model system for studying the return of partially differentiated cells to a more pluripotent ...
Moser Sandra C - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e1000451 in vol. 5.].
Wu Lingyan - - 2011
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is an anti-inflammatory molecule. To assess its biological function in lung alveolar epithelial cells, a CCSP-rtTA/(tetO)(7)-dnPPARγ bitransgenic mouse model was generated. In this model, a dominant negative (dn) PPARγ-Flag fusion protein was overexpressed in lung alveolar type II (AT II) epithelial cells in an inducible manner ...
Eneling Kristina K Membrane Signaling Networks, Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Department of Medicine, CMM, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital-Solna, Stockholm, - - 2011
Salt-inducible kinase 1 (SIK1) in epithelial cells mediates the increases in active sodium transport (Na(+), K(+)-ATPase-mediated) in response to elevations in the intracellular concentration of sodium. In lung alveolar epithelial cells increases in active sodium transport in response to β-adrenergic stimulation increases pulmonary edema clearance. Therefore, we sought to determine ...
Feng Shipeng - - 2011
microRNAs play an important roles in cell growth, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. They can function either as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. We found that the overexpression of miR-192 inhibited cell proliferation in A549, H460 and 95D cells, and inhibited tumorigenesis in a nude mouse model. Both caspase-7 and the PARP ...
Park Je Won - - 2011
A new reduced hydroxamate, 2,3-dihydrotrichostatin A, was created from trichostatin A by employing a recombinant strain of Streptomyces venezuelae as a microbial catalyst. Compared with trichostatin A, 2,3-dihydrotrichostatin A showed similar antifungal activity against Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but, interestingly, approximately twice the cytostatic activity against human small-cell lung cancer cells. The ...
Marmai Cecilia C Department of Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0111, - - 2011
Prior work has shown that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) can mediate transition of alveolar type II cells into mesenchymal cells in mice. Evidence this occurs in humans is limited to immunohistochemical studies colocalizing epithelial and mesenchymal proteins in sections of fibrotic lungs. To acquire further evidence that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition occurs ...
Hsu Yu-Chih YC Department of Biochemistry, Developmental Genomics Group, Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics and Life Science, State University of New York at Buffalo, 701 Ellicott St. Buffalo, NY 14203, - - 2011
The Nuclear factor I (NFI) transcription factor family consists of four genes (Nfia, Nfib, Nfic and Nfix) that regulate the development of multiple organ systems in mice and humans. Nfib is expressed in both lung mesenchyme and epithelium and mice lacking Nfib have severe lung maturation defects and die at ...
Morello V - - 2011
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) represents the main target for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) therapy, as its overexpression or constitutive activation contributes to malignancy and correlates with poor prognosis. Our previous work demonstrated that in epithelial cells β1 ...
Kuo Curtis - - 2011
Airway remodelling which includes increases in extracellular matrix (ECM) is characteristic feature of asthma, and is correlated to disease severity. Rhinovirus infections are associated with increased risk of asthma development in young children and are the most common cause of asthma exacerbations. In this paper we examined whether viral infections ...
Han Rong - - 2011
Ethnopharmaocological relevance: Shuang-Huang-Lian (SHL) is a traditional Chinese formula and has been used for the treatment of respiratory tract infections by inhalation. However, the pulmonary toxicity via inhalation is largely uninvestigated. AIM OF STUDY: : To evaluate the pulmonary toxicity of SHL following in vivo intratracheal spray to rats and ...
Cao Yuan-Dong - - 2011
The high mobility group A1 (HMGA1) proteins are architectural transcription factors found to be overexpressed in lung adenocarcinoma. Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) technology is a powerful tool for silencing endogenous or exogenous genes in human cancer cells. Our preliminary study shows that gemcitabine inhibits growth of the human lung cancer ...
El-Hashash Ahmed H K AH Developmental Biology and Regenerative Medicine Program, Saban Research Institute, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, 4661 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. - - 2011
Cell polarity, mitotic spindle orientation and asymmetric division play a crucial role in the self-renewal/differentiation of epithelial cells, yet little is known about these processes and the molecular programs that control them in embryonic lung distal epithelium. Herein, we provide the first evidence that embryonic lung distal epithelium is polarized ...
Prota Lucia - - 2011
The effect of different amino acids (AAs) on the aerosol performance of N spray-dried powders were studied. Morphology, size distribution, density, dissolution rate were evaluated and correlated to process parameters. The aerosol performance were analyzed by both Single Stage Glass Impinger and Andersen Cascade Impactor. Results indicated that powders containing ...
Kuipers Ine - - 2011
It is established that cigarette smoke (CS) causes irreversible oxidations in lung epithelial cells, and can lead to their death. However, its impact on reversible and physiologically relevant redox-dependent protein modifications remains to be investigated. Glutathione is an important antioxidant against inhaled reactive oxygen species as a direct scavenger, but ...
Sasai Ken - - 2011
It has been challenging to engineer lung adenocarcinoma models via oncogene-mediated transformation of primary cultured normal human cells. Although viral oncoprotein-mediated malignant transformation has been reported, xenografts derived from such transformed cells generally represent poorly differentiated cancers. Here, we demonstrate that the combined expression of multiple cellular factors induces malignant ...
Vo Nam - - 2011
Tobacco smoking increases the risk of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) and back pain, but the mechanisms underlying the adverse effects of smoking are largely unknown. Current hypotheses predict that smoking contributes to IDD indirectly through nicotine-mediated vasoconstriction which limits the exchange of nutrients between the discs and their surroundings. We ...
Scherließ Regina - - 2011
There are not many excipients already approved in drug products for the use in the respiratory tract. In this study, a rapid in vitro screening procedure to assess and compare acute toxicity of soluble excipient substances on respiratory epithelial cells utilising the Calu-3 cell line is presented. The test substances ...
Lee Seon-Jin - - 2011
Autophagy, an autodigestive process that degrades cellular organelles and protein, plays an important role in maintaining cellular homeostasis during environmental stress. Carbon monoxide (CO), a toxic gas and candidate therapeutic molecule, confers cytoprotection in animal models of acute lung injury. The mechanisms underlying CO-dependent lung cell protection and the role ...
Li Shengguo S Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine and Department of Pediatrics, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, - - 2011
The terminal stage of lung development begins with the formation of the terminal sacs followed by subdivision of these sacs by septa into numerous alveoli to maximize the gas-exchange surface. This process requires coordinated action of various intrinsic and extrinsic factors as well as interaction of epithelial and mesenchymal cells. ...
St Hill Catherine A - - 2011
The carbohydrate sialyl Lewis X (sLeX) is expressed on leukocytes and carcinoma cells and binds to selectins during inflammatory processes and early metastasis. Synthesis of sLeX depends on activity of enzymes, including α(1,3/1,4) fucosyltransferase (FucT-III). Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) up-regulates FucT-III, resulting in increased sLeX in the airways of patients ...
Min Lingfeng - - 2011
This work aimed to investigate the cellular response of human airway epithelial cells (A549) to oxidative stress induced by benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P]. Levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation were investigated in A549 cells treated with varying concentrations of B(a)P. A comparative proteomic analysis of total proteins was ...
Plantier Laurent L Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Perinatal Institute, MLC7029, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, - - 2011
Bronchiolisation of distal airspaces is an unexplained feature of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The authors sought to identify mechanisms driving the differentiation of mucus cells during the bronchiolisation process. Pathways governing airway mucus cell differentiation include SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2), Notch, forkhead box A3(FOXA3)/SAM pointed domain containing ...
Jin Hyeon-Ok - - 2011
Redd1 acts as a negative regulator of mTOR in response to various stress conditions, but its specific physiological role is currently unclear. In the present study, we showed that Redd1 inhibits the invasive activity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Interestingly, expression of Redd1 was extremely low in H1299 ...
Pizanis Nikolaus - - 2011
Objectives: Hypothermia has been shown to lead to cell death via an iron-dependent formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in diverse cell types. The susceptibility of lung cells to this injury is unknown - but is of great interest as oxygen is used in lung preservation. Therefore, we studied whether ...
Newland Nik - - 2011
Background: The respiratory tract is the primary route of exposure to inhaled toxicants such as environmental pollutants and tobacco smoke. Metabolic activation of xenobiotics is a contributor to the onset of lung diseases. Enzymes such as CYP1A1/1B1 and CYP2A6/2A13 activate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nitrosamines respectively. Yet, few in vitro ...
Breuer Julia - - 2011
Proinflammatoric cytokines are released extracellularly during necrosis. These lead to inflammation and destruction of surrounding tissues. The aim of this study was to compare the number of viable, apoptotic and necrotic cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of normal horses and horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) and to ...
Moir Lyn M - - 2011
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signal transduction pathway is implicated in the airway remodelling associated with asthma. The class IA PI3K isoforms are known to be activated by growth factors and cytokines. Since this pathway is a possible site of pharmacological intervention to treat the disease it is important to know ...
Thomas Karen C - - 2011
Activation of intracellular transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) in human lung cells causes endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, increased expression of proapoptotic GADD153 (growth arrest- and DNA damage-inducible transcript 3), and cytotoxicity. However, in cells with low TRPV1 expression, cell death is not inhibited by TRPV1 antagonists, despite preventing GADD153 induction. ...
Onuma Kunishige - - 2011
Reducing cancer incidence and mortality by use of cancer-chemopreventive agents is an important goal. We have established an in vitro bioassay that is able to screen large numbers of candidate chemicals that are positive for prevention of inflammation-related carcinogenesis. To accomplish this we have added candidate chemicals or vehicles and ...
Musumeci Giuseppe - - 2011
Several asbestos-like mineral fibres, including fluoro-edenite, may cause lung cancer and/or other lung diseases. However, biological and molecular mechanisms linked to cancer development after mineral fibre exposure have not been fully investigated. In the present study, human non-malignant mesothelial (MeT-5A) and human bronchoalveolar alveolar epithelial (A549) cell lines were incubated ...
Ao Xiaoxiao - - 2011
Oxidative stress injury and death in alveolar epithelial cells plays an important role in the pathogenesis of prolonged hyperoxia-induced lung impairment. A reduced survival of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECIIs) may lead to abnormal repair, resulting in acute and chronic pulmonary diseases. Hyperoxia lung injury is associated with the ...
Farkas Arpád - - 2011
Inhaled short-lived radon progenies may deposit in bronchial airways and interact with the epithelium by the emission of alpha particles. Simulation of the related radiobiological effects requires the knowledge of space and time distributions of alpha particle hits and biological endpoints. Present modelling efforts include simulation of radioaerosol deposition patterns ...
Kunii Takao - - 2011
We applied Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment using Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) cells. A DNA aptamer was identified and evaluated by fluorescent confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Our results showed that the DNA aptamer binds to molecules that exist predominantly on target SCLC cell surfaces compared with ...
Mebratu Yohannes A YA Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM 87108, - - 2011
Aberrant regulation of airway epithelial cell numbers in airways leads to increased mucous secretions in chronic lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis. Because the Bcl-2 family of proteins is crucial for airway epithelial homeostasis, identifying the players that reduce cigarette smoke (CS)-induced mucous cell metaplasia can help to develop effective ...
Ning Yunye - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Slit2 has been reported to be implicated in many kinds of cell migration. However little is known about the effect of Slit2 on airway smooth muscle cell migration. This study was to detect the expression of Slit2 in rat airway smooth muscle (RASM) cells stimulated by platelet-derived growth factor ...
Kim Suil - - 2011
Mucous hypersecretion is an important feature of obstructive airway diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cystic fibrosis. Multiple stimuli induce mucin production via activation of an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) cascade, but the mechanisms that exaggerate mucin production in obstructive airway diseases remain unknown. In this ...
Kimura Toshihiro - - 2011
Cystic fibrosis is caused by impaired ion transport due to mutated cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, accompanied by elevated activity of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). Here we show that knockout of the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4L (Nedd4-2) specifically in lung epithelia (surfactant protein C-expressing type II and Clara cells) ...
Mayall Frederick G - - 2011
This report describes a simple method of preparing cell blocks from fluids submitted for cytology, using croutons of gelatin foam surgical dressing material.
Vallabani N V Srikanth - - 2011
Graphite nanomaterials such as thermally exfoliated graphite oxide (GO) are versatile in many applications. However, little is known about its effects on biological systems. In this study we characrerized the GO using dynamic light scattering (DLS) along with the toxicological aspects related to cytotoxicity and apoptosis in normal human lung ...
Hung Ming-Szu - - 2011
Cullin 4A (Cul4A) is important in cell survival, development, growth and the cell cycle, but its role in mesothelioma has not been studied. For the first time, we identified amplification of the Cul4A gene in four of five mesothelioma cell lines. Consistent with increased Cul4A gene copy number, we found ...
Thavagnanam Surendran - - 2011
Goblet cell hyperplasia (GCH) and decreased ciliated cells are characteristic of asthma. We examined the effects of IL-13 (2 and 20 ng/mL) on in vitro mucociliary differentiation in pediatric bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) of normal PBEC [PBEC(N)] and asthmatic PBEC [PBEC(A)] children. Markers of differentiation, real-time PCR for MUC5AC, MUC5AC ...
El-Hashash Ahmed H AH Developmental Biology and Regenerative Medicine Program, Saban Research Institute, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, California, - - 2011
A proper balance between self-renewal and differentiation of lung-specific progenitors at the distal epithelial tips is absolutely required for normal lung morphogenesis. Cell polarity and mitotic spindle orientation play a critical role in the self-renewal/differentiation of epithelial cells and can impact normal physiological processes, including epithelial tissue branching and differentiation. ...
Green Teresa D TD Deparment of Molecualr Biomedical Sciences, North Carolina State University CVM, Raleigh, NC 27606, - - 2011
A major characteristic of asthmatic airways is an increase in mucin (the glycoprotein component of mucus) producing and secreting cells, which leads to increased mucin release that further clogs constricted airways and contributes markedly to airway obstruction and, in the most severe cases, to status asthmaticus. Asthmatic airways show both ...
Ravasio Andrea - - 2011
Alveolar type II (AT II) cells are in close contact with an air-liquid interface (I(AL)). This contact may be of considerable physiological relevance; however, no data exist to provide a satisfying description of this specific microenvironment. This is mainly due to the experimental difficulty to manipulate and analyze cell-air contacts ...
Jeong Hye Cheol - - 2011
Abnormal expression of let-7a microRNA (miRNA) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and tissue has been previously reported. Our objective was to investigate whether let-7a miRNA is aberrantly expressed in the blood of NSCLC patients. Using real-time PCR (RT-PCR), we analyzed let-7a miRNA in archived whole blood from 65 ...
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