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Dorset, Daniel Charles
The collection of visual evidence of M13 bacteriophage displaying a nuclear localization heptapeptide localizing to the nuclei of breast cancer cells is described in this thesis. The bacteriophages displaying the heptapeptide were conjugated to a fluorochrome prior to incubation with live cells. After the incubation, the cells were fixed and ...
Mu,Jian-bing
Nineteen stocks of Trypanosoma cruzi originating from several endemic countries for Chagas‘ disease in Central and South America were subjected to two-dimensional protein electrophoresis analysis. The presence or absence of a total of492polypeptide spots among19gel profiles was determined. The stocks were classified into three major distinctive groups derived from (I) ...
Walsh Catherine J - - 2006
SYNOPSIS: Reports that elasmobranchs (sharks, skates, and rays) may have a low incidence of disease have stimulated interest in understanding the role of their immune system in this apparent resistance. Although research in this area may potentially translate into applications for human health, a basic understanding of the elasmobranch immune ...
Yian Christopher - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Spiral ligament fibrocytes play an important role in inner ear ion homeostasis and are classified into several subtypes according to expression of specific enzymes such as Na+, K+ -ATPase, Ca++ -ATPase, and carbonic anhydrase. Although our understanding of the cell and molecular biology of spiral ligament fibrocytes has increased ...
Koh Chang-Soon - - 2007
We report the characteristics of three cell lines (designated, SNU-80, SNU-373 and SNU-790), which were established from two papillary carcinomas and one anaplastic carcinoma obtained from three Korean thyroid carcinoma patients. All cell lines grow as adherent cells. Electron microscopy characteristically showed cytoplasmic invaginations of nuclei and intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions. ...
Zhou Lubing - - 2007
Nicotinic acid (niacin) has been used clinically to manage dyslipidemia for many years. The molecular target of nicotinic acid was unknown until the recent revelation of human G-coupled receptor HM74a as the high affinity receptor for nicotinic acid. In searching for a cell line expressing endogenous human HM74a receptor, we ...
Danner S - - 2007
Adult pancreatic stem cells (PSCs) are able to differentiate spontaneously in vitro into various somatic cell types. Stem cells isolated from rat pancreas show extensive self-renewal ability and grow in highly viable long-term cultures. Additionally, these cells express typical stem cell markers such as Oct-4, nestin and SSEA-1. Although differentiation ...
White Jason S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to generate stable cell cultures from head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), and retrospectively analyze the factors associated with successful cell line establishment. Fifty-two HNSCC cell lines were isolated from a series of 199 tumors collected between 1992 and 1997 at the University ...
Meade Aidan D - - 2007
Non-invasive measurements of cellular function in in vitro cultured cell lines using vibrational spectroscopy require the use of spectroscopic substrates such as quartz, ZnSe and MirrIR etc. These substrates are generally dissimilar to the original in vivo extracellular environment of a given cell line and are often tolerated poorly by ...
Zhang Huan - - 2006
A new cell line, designated IOZCAS-Ha-I, was initiated from the fat body of larvae of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in TNM-FH medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. Spherical cells were predominant among the various cell types. The cell line showed a typical lepidopteran chromosome pattern ranging from 58 to 239 ...
Abe Akihiro - - 2006
We have established a stroma-dependent myelomonocytic cell line, NAMO-2, with FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3/ITD). Leukemia cells from a patient with acute myelomonocytic leukemia were administered to form subcutaneous tumors in nude mice, which were maintained successively, although we failed to establish continuously growing cells from the original leukemia cell ...
Kobayashi Yoichi - - 2006
A novel serous surface papillary carcinoma of the ovary (SSPC) cell line, HYKSSPC, was established successfully. Carcinoma cells were obtained from ascitic fluid of a 60-year-old Japanese woman. The population doubling time was 51.4 h. A phase contrast micrograph showed a pavement stone-like arrangement without contact inhibition. The chromosome number ...
Wong Danny Chee Furng - - 2006
Based on the transcriptional profiling of CHO cell culture using microarray, four key early apoptosis signaling genes, Fadd, Faim, Alg-2, and Requiem, were identified and CHO GT (Gene Targeted) cell lines were developed by targeting these four genes. Two were CHO GT(O) cell lines overexpressing anti-apoptotic genes, Faim and Fadd ...
Miura Nobuhiko - - 2006
Hepatic stellate (HS) cells were isolated from the livers of metallothionein (MT)-null and control mice and used to establish IMS/MT(-) and IMS/N cell lines, respectively, using SV40 virus transformation. Cellular morphology, incorporation of vitamin A and expression of alpha-SMA, desmin and SV40 T-antigen were used to confirm that both cell ...
Pei Jianming - - 2006
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mapping arrays were used to perform DNA copy number analysis of five human cancer cell lines (four malignant mesotheliomas; one non-small cell lung carcinoma) to identify and map the end-points of deletions of 9p. All five cell lines exhibited homozygous deletions encompassing the CDKN2A (alias INK4A/ARF) ...
da Silva Cardeal Laura Beatriz - - 2006
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP-2, MMP-9, and MT1-MMP are required for basement membrane degradation in cervical carcinoma. We evaluated the expression and activity of MMPs and their inhibitors RECK and TIMP-2 in 3 human invasive cervical carcinoma cell lines. Two HPV16-positive cell lines (SiHa and CaSki) and an HPV-negative cell line ...
Wu Chih-Yu - - 2006
Four new cell lines, designated as NTU-LY-1 to -4, respectively, were established from the pupal tissues of Lymantria xylina Swinhoe (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). These cell lines have been cultured approximately 80 passages during 2 years in TNM-FH medium supplemented with 8% fetal bovine serum, at a constant temperature of 28 degrees ...
Fujii Kazuyasu - - 2006
Using 2-D DIGE, we constructed a quantitative 2-D database including 309 proteins corresponding to 389 protein spots across 42 lymphoid neoplasm cell lines. The proteins separated by 2-D PAGE were identified by MS and assigned to the expression data obtained by 2-D DIGE. The cell lines were categorized into four ...
Ng Grace - - 2006
Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is being widely used to screen for recurrent genomic copy number alterations in neoplasms, with imbalances typically detected through the application of gain and loss thresholds. Review of array CGH publications for the year 2005 showed that a wide range of thresholds are used. However, ...
Parameswaran V - - 2006
A continuous cell line was established from blastula stage embryos of sea bass (Lates calcarifer). The sea bass embryonic cells were maintained in Leibovitz's L-15 supplemented with 15% fetal bovine serum. The embryonic cell line was sub-cultured more than 70 passages over a period of 1.5 years and is designated ...
Kanai Kyosuke - - 2007
Sequence variations in the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) gene have been described in many EBV-isolates. To characterize the genomic relationship between Japanese EBV and the EBV isolates of other countries, we analyzed the LMP1 nucleotide sequences in EBV positive cell lines and clinical specimens, including five ...
Bibikova Marina - - 2006
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells originate during an embryonic period of active epigenetic remodeling. DNA methylation patterns are likely to be critical for their self-renewal and pluripotence. We compared the DNA methylation status of 1536 CpG sites (from 371 genes) in 14 independently isolated hES cell lines with five other ...
Manning, Joachim C.
Galectins are a family of endogenous sugar-binding receptors (lectins). They influence adhesion, growth and invasion in cancer. The clinical relevance of these prominent parameters prompts the question, whether expression profiles of galectins may correlate with distinct cell properties. Noteworthy in this respect, homodimeric proto-type galectins regulate e.g. neuroblastoma cell growth, ...
Kitagawa Masae - - 2006
To study cellular characteristics of human cementoblasts using a cellular model is important for understanding the mechanisms of homeostasis and regeneration of periodontal tissues. However, at present no immortalized human cementoblast cell line has been established due to limitation of the life span. In the present study, therefore, we attempted ...
Kanda Yutaka - - 2006
Several methods have been described to enhance antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) using different host cells that produce antibody with reduced levels of fucose on their carbohydrates. We compared the suitability of these methods for the serum-free fed-batch production of antibody for clinical trials and commercial uses. Recombinant anti-human CD20 chimeric ...
Burleigh D W - - 2007
Trophoblast cell lines are important research tools used as a surrogate for primary trophoblast cells in the study of placental function. Because the cellular origins of transformed trophoblasts are likely to be diverse, it would be of value to understand the unique and shared phenotypes of the cells on a ...
Barnes Louise M - - 2006
The production of recombinant protein from mammalian cells is a key feature of the biotechnology industry. However, the generation of recombinant mammalian cell lines is still largely performed on an empirical basis and there are many potential areas for enhancement. We have shown previously that despite two rounds of limiting ...
Russowsky Dennis - - 2006
The synthesis and differential antiproliferative activity of monastrol (1a), oxo-monastrol (1b) and eight oxygenated derivatives 3a,b-6a,b on seven human cancer cell lines are described. For all evaluated cell lines, monastrol (1a) was shown to be more active than its oxo-analogue, except for HT-29 cell line, suggesting the importance of the ...
Cabrera C M - - 2006
Cell line cross-contamination is a phenomenon that arises as a result of the continuous cell line culture. It has been estimated that around 20% of the cell lines are misidentified, therefore it is necessary to carry out quality control tests for the detection of this issue. Since cell line cross-contamination ...
Rücker F G - - 2006
To model and investigate different facets of leukemia pathogenesis, a widely accepted approach is to use immortalized leukemia cell lines. Although these provide powerful tools to our knowledge, few studies have addressed the question whether hematopoietic cell lines represent accurate and reliable model systems. To improve the molecular characterization of ...
Fujioka Atsuko - - 2006
In mammals, the principal circadian oscillator resides in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus. However, the basic components and the ability to generate a circadian rhythm are also characteristic of most peripheral tissues and some cell lines. In our present study, we show that the rat C6 glioma cell line displays circadian ...
Khurad Arun M - - 2006
Lepidopteran cell lines constitute the backbone for studying baculoviral biology in culturo and for baculovirus vector based recombinant protein expression systems. In the present study, we report establishment of a new continuous cell line designated as DZNU-Bm-1 from larval ovaries of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. The cells were grown in ...
Suemori Hirofumi - - 2006
Human ES (hES) cell lines are considered to be a valuable resource for medical research and for applications in cell therapy and drug discovery. For such utilization of hES cells to be realized, however, protocols involved in the use of hES cells, such as those for establishment, propagation, and cryopreservation, ...
de Souza Filho J P - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of nepafenac, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, on the proliferation rate of two human retinoblastoma (Rb)cell lines. METHODS: Two human Rb cell lines (WERI-RB and Y79) were cultured. COX-2 expression in these cell lines was verified by immunocytochemical analysis of cytospin sections and Western blotting. ...
Foran Eilis - - 2006
L-plastin, a gene that codes for an actin-bundling protein, is upregulated in the metastatic colon cancer cell line SW620, when compared to its premetastatic counterpart SW480. The aim of our study was to characterise the effect of L-plastin overexpression on SW480 cells in the context of the acquisition of a ...
Pithukpakorn M - - 2006
Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) is the autosomal dominant heritable syndrome with predisposition to development of renal cell carcinoma and smooth muscle tumours of the skin and uterus. To measure the fumarate hydratase (FH) enzyme activity in lymphoblastoid cell lines and fibroblast cell lines of individuals with HLRCC ...
Baia Gilson S - - 2006
Even though meningiomas are the second most common brain tumor in adults, little is known about the molecular basis of their growth and development. The lack of suitable cell culture model systems is an impediment to this understanding. Most studies on meningiomas rely on primary, early passage cell lines that ...
Masramon Laia - - 2006
The accumulation of multiple chromosomal abnormalities is a characteristic of the majority of colorectal cancers and has been attributed to an underlying chromosomal instability. Genetic instability is considered to have a key role in the generation of genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity in cancer cells. To shed light on the dynamics ...
Brandsma Dieta - - 2006
Leptomeningeal metastases are a serious neurological complication in cancer patients and associated with a dismal prognosis. Tumor cells that enter the subarachnoid space adhere to the leptomeninges and form tumor deposits. It is largely unknown which adhesion molecules mediate tumor cell adhesion to leptomeninges. We studied the role of integrin ...
Mandal Arundhati - - 2006
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are an exceptionally useful tool for studies of human development and represent a potential source for transplantation therapies. At present, only a limited number of hESCs lines representing a very small sample of genetic diversity of the human populations are available. Here, we report the ...
Thomas Richard - - 2006
Pneumonic plague is an aggressive disease that is clinically difficult to treat. Inhibition of attachment using oligosaccharide receptor mimics may provide an alternative to antibiotics. The virulent Yersinia pestis strain GB was demonstrated to attach to the murine monocyte cell line (J774A.1) and a range of human respiratory epithelial cell ...
Erlandson Martin A - - 2006
Seven plaque-purified genotypic variants or strains, derived from a previously described field isolate of the Malacosoma disstria Nucleopolyhedrovirus (MadiNPV) from Alberta populations of forest tent caterpillar, were characterized based on distinctive restriction endonuclease fragment patterns. Two strains, MadiNPV-pp3 and MadiNPV-pp11, were selected for further characterization, as they represented strains producing ...
Jin Xun - - 2006
We have established three immortal bovine muscular epithelial (BME) cell lines, one spontaneously immortalized (BMES), the second SV40LT-mediated (BMEV) and the third hTERT-mediated (BMET). The morphology of the three immortal cell lines was similar to that of early passage primary BME cells. Each of the immortal cell lines made cytokeratin, ...
Linghu H - - 2006
Signaling adaptor protein Crk regulates cell motility and growth through its targets Dock180 and C3G, those are the guanine-nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for small GTPases Rac and Rap, respectively. Recently, overexpression of Crk has been reported in various human cancers. To define the role for Crk in human cancer cells, ...
Harun R R Centre for Stem Cell Biology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, - - 2006
An effective embryonic-maternal interaction is crucial for successful human pregnancy. Failure of this process is a major cause of infertility and can lead to placental dysfunction resulting in recurrent miscarriage, fetal retardation and pre-eclampsia. Research is severely constrained by ethical and practical considerations; therefore, we aimed to generate cytotrophoblast stem ...
Yoshino Kaori - - 2006
Cross-contamination between cultured cell lines can result in the generation of erroneous scientific data. Hence, it is very important to eliminate cell lines that are of an origin different from that being claimed. Inter-species contamination can be detected by various established methods, such as karyotype and isozyme analyses. However, it ...
Palladini Arianna - - 2006
Several autocrine and paracrine growth factor circuits have been found in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells. In this study we show that endothelin-3 (ET-3), a vasoactive peptide, is produced by human rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines, whereas it is not expressed by human sarcoma cell lines of non-muscle origin. We did not find evidence ...
Zhu, M Y.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is classified as an aluminum (Al) sensitive species, and improvement of its Al tolerance is essential for barley grown in acid soils. Al-stimulated efflux of organic acids has been observed in several plant species, and the efflux is correlated well with Al tolerance of these species. ...
Fry Dennis - - 2006
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), an orexigenic neuropeptide in mammals, activates a G-protein coupled receptor, MCHR1. It is expected that antagonists of MCHR1 function will prove therapeutically useful as anti-obesity agents. Intracellular signaling by MCHR1 has been investigated primarily using non-neural cell lines expressing the recombinant receptor, in which MCHR1 has been ...
Eguchi Daisuke - - 2006
A cell line derived from the larval-fat body tissues of the wax moth, Galleria mellonella Linne, was established in MGM-450 medium. The cells grew in suspension and were mainly spherical in shape. Population doubling time was between 1.4 and 1.7 d over a range of 15 to 35 degrees C, ...
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