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Results 601 - 650 of 2293
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Gesundheit Benjamin - - 2008
Three phenotypically distinct cell types are present in human neuroblastomas (NB) and NB cell lines: I-type stem cells, N-type neuroblastic precursors, and S-type Schwannian/melanoblastic precursors. The stimulation of human N-type neuroblastoma cell proliferation by normal human bone marrow monocytic cell conditioned medium (BMCM) has been demonstrated in vitro, a finding ...
Graham D A - - 2008
Laboratory studies were carried out to investigate the cultural characteristics of salmonid alphaviruses (SAV) from Atlantic salmon (AS, Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (RT, Oncorhynchus mykiss), particularly in relation to cell line and temperature. In an initial study, SAV was isolated from 12 viraemic sera and passaged in Chinook salmon ...
Schweppe Rebecca E - - 2008
Cell lines derived from human cancers provide critical tools to study disease mechanisms and develop novel therapies. Recent reports indicate that up to 36% of cell lines are cross- contaminated. We evaluated 40 reported thyroid cancer-derived cell lines using short tandem repeat and single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis. Only 23 ...
Li GuoDong - - 2009
Generating surrogate insulin-producing cells from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) through in vitro replication of successive steps during pancreatic development has been challenging . Here we describe a novel reproducible protocol to establish homogeneous and scalable insulin-producing cell lines from mouse (m) ESCs via differentiation of the previously described lineage-restricted clonal ...
Yanagihara Kazuyoshi - - 2008
Ten novel human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines (Sui65 through Sui74) were established from a transplantable pancreatic carcinoma cell line. All the cell lines resembled the original clinical carcinoma in terms of the morphological and biological features, presenting with genetic alterations such as point mutations of K-ras and p53, attenuation or ...
Sun, LuZhe
Bone metastasis is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in breast cancer (BC) patients. However, only a few human BC cell lines can efficiently metastasize to bone whereas most BC cell lines cannot. Recently, it was shown that systemic administration of the conditioned medium by a melanoma ...
Li GuoDong - - 2009
We have previously described the derivation of insulin-producing cell lines from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) by differentiation of an intermediate lineage-restricted E-RoSH cell line through nutrient depletion in the presence of nicotinamide followed by limiting dilution. Here we investigated whether insulin-producing cell lines could be similarly derived directly from ...
Jim, LaWanda
Hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG-H), a variant of hCG, has been shown to promote the growth and invasion of trophoblast cells in early pregnancy placental implantation, choriocarcinoma and testicular germ cell malignancies. In a previous study (15), hCG-H was found to have a significant effect on the growth of a ...
Volokhov Dmitriy V - - 2008
In this study, we describe our results on the evaluation of the ability of different permissive mammalian cell lines to support the biological enrichment of mycoplasma species known to be bacterial contaminants of cell substrates. The study showed that this approach is able to significantly improve the efficiency of mycoplasma ...
Liu Merry - - 2008
Animal cell lines are important resources for research and diagnostic applications. Cross-contamination and misidentification of cell lines, however, can cause major problems for research (for example, false results that come from contamination cells may mislead the science). Hence, it is imperative to routinely monitor cell lines for identity and authenticity. ...
Gertz Morie - - 2008
In this issue of Leukemia Research, Drexler and MacLeod raise questions about the origins of cell lines used in the study of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia and suggest caution in the use of these cell lines as models of this disease [Drexler HG, Macleod RAF. Malignant hematopoietic cell lines: in vitro models ...
Drexler Hans G - - 2008
Model cell lines are essential tools for investigating the biology and therapeutics of cancer. Approximately 1500 human hematopoietic neoplastic cell lines have been described, covering most major disease entities. Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a rare incurable hematological neoplasm from which only three cell lines have been derived. Mindful that candidate ...
Selicharova Irena - - 2008
Human MDA-MB-231 derived breast cancer cell lines 1833 and 4175 have different metastatic potentials in terms of their tissue tropisms and aggressiveness. Cell line 1833 is specifically metastatic to the bone. The highly aggressive cell line 4175 is specific to the lung. We performed 2-DE analysis of the cell lines. ...
Nasir Idrees Ahmad - - 2008
Cormels pieces of four Fusarium susceptible Gladiolus cultivars (Friendship, Peter Pears, Victor Borge and Novalux) formed friable calli when cultured in vitro on Murashige and Skoog basal medium containing various concentrations of auxin and cytokinin. The friable calli established cell suspensions. Plantlet regeneration was obtained from the control callus, control ...
Xu Li-Ning LN Institute of Hepatobiliary Surgery of PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China. - - 2008
To explore the effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA) on the growth of biliary tract cancer cell lines (gallbladder carcinoma cell line and cholangiocarcinoma cell line) in vivo and in vitro, and to investigate the perspective of histone deacetylase inhibitor in its clinical application. The survival rates of ...
Healy Lyn E - - 2008
In the 10 years that the technology to produce human embryonic stem cell lines has been available, hundreds of lines have been derived in numerous global locations. These cell lines are being used by researchers across diverse scientific fields to investigate the basic biology, clinical potential, and pharmaceutical applications of ...
Svechnikova Irina - - 2008
The anti-neoplastic effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), Trichostatin A (TSA) and 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PB) on the human glioblastoma cell lines GBM-29, U-343 MG and U-343 MGa Cl. 2:6 were investigated. TSA and 4-PB induced apoptosis in the three cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Whereas caspase-3 activation was ...
Andrijevic Lj - - 2008
PURPOSE: Due to a lack of chemotherapeutics to efficiently control neoplastic processes, there is a need for discovering new, more efficient anticancer drugs that would distinguish malignant from normal cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the effect of short (4 h) and long (72 h) treatment with different concentrations of ...
Sirica Alphonse E AE Division of Cellular and Molecular Pathogenesis, Department of Pathology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA 23298-0297, USA. - - 2008
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma typically presents in an advanced stage in which treatment options are limited. In an effort to recapitulate key biological and clinical features of the progressive disease, we established a novel rat model based on bile duct inoculation of rat cholangiocyte cell lines in different stages of tumor progression. ...
Koren Simon - - 2008
Cross-contamination and misidentification of various cell lines is a widespread problem that can lead to spurious scientific conclusions. DNA fingerprinting is a powerful identification technique, which can be effectively used for the authentication of human cell lines. In contrast to human cancer cell lines, little attention has so far been ...
Gomase Virendra S - - 2008
Work on human immortalized cell lines is not considered research on human subjects, but does involve biohazards. It has also been estimated that about 80% of human cell lines are the kind of cells that they are expected. Cells that are cultured directly from a subject are referred to as ...
Zhao Shuo - - 2008
Sec14p-like lipid-binding domain (SEC14 domain) is an evolutionarily conserved protein domain often found in secretory proteins, such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae phosphatidylinositol transfer protein Sec14p, and in lipid-regulated proteins, such as GTPase-activating proteins, guanine nucleotide exchange factors, and neurofibromin. We have cloned a novel human gene, cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein-like (CRALBPL), containing ...
Kawamoto Teruya T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2008
PKC412, formerly CGP41251, N-benzoylstaurosporine, was initially developed as a selective protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, and it preferentially inhibits conventional PKC family members. In this study, the expression of PKCa was examined in human osteosarcoma and MFH cell lines, and the inhibitory effect of PKC412 on the proliferation of the ...
Rohatgi Rajeev - - 2008
Mutations of cilia-expressed proteins are associated with an attenuated shear-induced increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in renal epithelial cell lines derived from murine models of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). We hypothesized that human ARPKD cyst-lining renal epithelial cells also exhibited dysregulated mechanosensation. To test this, conditionally immortalized ...
Qu, Junge
The inherent instability of metabolite production in plant cell culture-based bioprocessing is a major problem hindering its commercialization. To understand the extent and causes of this instability, this study was aimed at understanding the variability of anthocyanin accumulation during long-term subcultures, as well as within subculture batches, in Vitis vinifera ...
Zhang Yandong - - 2009
A series of 2,3-disubstituted 8-arylamino-3H-imidazo[4,5-g]quinazolines were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in vitro against five human cancer cell lines (human lung carcinoma cell line: A549, human leukemia cell lines: K562 and Molt-4, human prostate cancer cell line: PC-3, human breast carcinoma cell line: MDA-MB-231). Most of these compounds ...
Justiniano, Steven E.
Research using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has enhanced our understanding of many biological processes, notably the mechanisms of heredity and the genetics of early embryonic development. These breakthroughs led to additional discoveries, including the mechanisms of body patterning, organogenesis and control of proliferation. Although great progress has been made ...
Carolina Lessa Aquino
 <span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: ";Times New Roman";,";serif";;">The latex of <em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">Euphorbia tirucalli </em>L.<em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"> </em>(Aveloz) is popularly used to treat cancers from diverse sources such as: breast, prostate, lung and kidney. Furthermore, high dilutions of this latex (latex-HDs) have been successfully used in the treatment of tumors, although ...
Marcoux, Sophie
Arsenic is a well-known carcinogen, but has also proved useful as a therapeutic agent. Administration of inorganic arsenic trioxide (ATO) to acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients represents its best known usage as an anti-cancer agent. However, there is less evidence in the literature about the ability of other cancers to ...
Becker, Eric
The optimization of production processes for therapeutic antibodies is a continuing challenge in pharmaceutical biotechnology. It has been demonstrated that vector design and host cell engineering can improve transcriptional and translational efficiency, resulting in the generation of high producer cell lines. However, the introduction of transgenes into production cell lines ...
Zhu Yong Ming - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 has been implicated in tumour progression, angiogenesis and metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We speculated that inhibition of COX-2 activity might reduce expression of the pro-angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in lung cancer cells. METHODS: The levels of IL-8, VEGF ...
Kilgore Bruce R - - 2008
One of the most important structural features of recombinant monoclonal antibodies produced in mammalian cells is the N-linked oligosaccharide profile. These profiles impact recombinant therapeutics in a multitude of ways affecting distribution, efficacy, and immunogenicity. High mannose, alpha-gal and other oligosaccharide species are highly immunogenic and in most cases should ...
Chitko-McKown C G - - 2008
Two cell lines, designated MARC.OVSM, and MARC.OKF, were initiated from the aorta and kidney, respectively, obtained from the Texel ram used to make the CHORI-243 Ovine BAC library. These cell lines have been submitted to the NIA Aging Cell Repository at the Coriell Cell Respositories, Camden, NJ, USA, and will ...
Xing Jerry G - - 2008
A continuous cell line, ZEB2, was developed from zebrafish blastula-stage embryos expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP). Originally the rainbow trout spleen cell line, RTS34st, was used as feeders to initiate and maintain the cells through several passages. ZEB2 was then grown for 2 years without feeders in L-15 with ...
Shao Hong-Lian - - 2008
When an insect molts, old cuticle on the outside of the integument is shed by apolysis and a new cuticle is formed under the old one. This process is completed by the epidermal cells which are controlled by 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) and juvenile hormone. To understand the molecular mechanisms of integument ...
Brasnu E - - 2008
PURPOSE: The Wong-Kilbourne derivative of Chang conjunctiva-derived cell line has been widely used for toxicological and functional in vitro studies on the ocular surface. The common reserve to this cell line is the reported contamination with HeLa cells. Thus, the IOBA-NHC spontaneously immortalized conjunctival epithelial cell line has been recently ...
Kobayashi Naoya - - 2008
In developing cell therapy, normal human cells are ideal as a cell source, but considering the serious lack of donor organs, it is unlikely to obtain a large enough amount of human cells. Moreover, even with current culturing techniques, the long-term culturing of normal human cells is difficult. On the ...
Valtink Monika - - 2008
Access to primary human corneal endothelial cells (HCEC) is limited and donor-derived differences between cultures exacerbate the issue of data reproducibility, whereas cell lines can provide sufficient numbers of homogenous cells for multiple experiments. An immortalized HCEC population was adapted to serum-free culture medium and repeated cloning was performed. Clonally ...
Kobayashi Makoto - - 2008
The incidence of mesothelioma is estimated to rise sharply worldwide, including Japan, in the next two decades. Molecular and proteomic studies are urgently required to elucidate the pathobiology of malignant mesothelioma. This paper describes the characterization of novel human malignant pleural mesothelioma cell lines representing the sarcomatoid, epithelioid and biphasic ...
Hughes Linda - - 2008
The process of tumour invasion and subsequent metastasis represents the most lethal aspect of cancer. In this study the invasive and migratory activity of four human breast cancer cell lines; MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, BT474 and Hs578T was investigated. Isogenic subclones were isolated from the Hs578T cell line using sequential passages through ...
Lacroix Marc - - 2008
From HeLa and its multiple identities, to MDA-MB-435, erroneously and widely used as breast cancer cells, the history of cancer cell lines is rich in misidentification and cross-contamination events. Despite the fact that these problems were regularly signaled during the last decades, many actors of research still seem to ignore ...
Taniura Seijiro - - 2008
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is up-regulated in most high-grade gliomas, and high COX-2 expression is associated with aggressive character and poor prognosis. However, the effect of COX-2 in human glioma cell lines is not well known. This study examined the effect of several stimuli, including interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and carcinogens, on COX-2 induction ...
Stroemer Paul - - 2008
A clonal human neural stem cell line (ReN001) has been developed for clinical use in the treatment of stable disability after stroke. This cell line has been conditionally immortalized using the fusion transgene c-mycERTAM to allow controlled expansion when cultured in the presence of 4-hydroxytamoxifen. The cell line has been ...
Jonnakuty Catherine - - 2007
The CM cell line is derived from a human pancreatic insulinoma and is used as a beta cell model for the study of the pathogenesis of diabetes, as it appears to maintain the characteristics of beta cells. However, a karyotype study of the CM cell line was not previously performed. ...
Young Julie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is implicated in the development of a range of neurological diseases. There is increasing interest in the neuroprotective efficacy of antioxidants in modulating such processes with at least one polyphenolic being tested as a prophylactic in Alzheimer's disease. Beneficial effects of adjunctive n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with ...
Spillmann Freia J X - - 2007
Because of its susceptibility to apoptosis upon Ag receptor cross-linking and lack of IgD expression, cells of the mouse cell line WEHI-231 have been classified as immature B cells. In this study we show that early freezings of the WEHI-231 line express IgD but not CD93, which classifies the cells ...
Mattila Joshua T - - 2007
Soft ticks are medically important ectoparasites of birds and mammals that are found throughout the world. This report describes isolation and partial characterization of two embryonic cell lines, CCE2 and CCE3, from the seabird soft tick Carios capensis (Neumann). Sequencing of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene and karyology confirmed the ...
Nivitchanyong Toey - - 2007
The engineering of production cell lines to express anti-apoptotic genes has been pursued in recent years due to potential process benefits, including enhanced cell survival, increased protein expression, and improved product quality. In this study, a baby hamster kidney cell line secreting recombinant factor VIII (BHK-FVIII) was engineered to express ...
Steube Klaus G - - 2008
Cell lines represent valuable tools for basic research and diagnostic applications as well as for the production of biological products such as antibodies or vaccines. For all cell culturists, a well-identified origin of their cell lines as well as the periodic re-examination of their identity should be a basic requirement. ...
Cooper Jason K - - 2007
Species identification of cell lines and detection of cross-contamination are crucial for scientific research accuracy and reproducibility. Whereas short tandem repeat profiling offers a solution for a limited number of species, primarily human and mouse, the standard method for species identification of cell lines is enzyme polymorphism. Isoezymology, however, has ...
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