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Rao L - - 2009
Sex determination among reptiles has continued to draw the attention of geneticists and the mechanisms involved have been extensively studied and documented in the past 3 decades. The setting up of primary cell lines of reptilian tissues is an important tool in the present study which is a unique aspect ...
Imbalzano Karen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: MCF-10A cells are near diploid and normal human mammary epithelial cells. In three-dimensional reconstituted basement membrane culture, they undergo a well-defined program of proliferation, differentiation, and growth arrest, forming acinar structures that recapitulate many aspects of mammary architecture in vivo. The pre-malignant MCF-10AT cells and malignant MCF-10CA1a lines were ...
Mkrtchyan H - - 2009
The immortalized human cerebral microvessel endothelial cell line hCMEC/D3 has been repeatedly used as a model of human blood-brain barrier (BBB). hCMEC/D3 cells between passage 25 and 35 are most often applied in research, remained phenotypically nontransformed, and cells maintained many characteristics of human brain endothelial cells. Also hCMEC/D3 was ...
Litwin Monika - - 2009
Gelsolin, one of a major actin-binding proteins, is involved in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization by its severing and capping activity towards actin filaments. Human colon adenocarcinoma cell line LS180 and its selected variants of different metastatic potential were used to check for a correlation between gelsolin level, its ...
Maghdooni Bagheri Pegah - - 2009
The expression pattern of functional members of the metallothionein (MT) gene family was studied in the haematopoietic precursor cell lines, K562, DAMI, MEG-01, and ELF-153 in order to strengthen the proposed function of MT in differentiation. Cells were cultured in RPMI 1640 with 10% (v/v) foetal calf serum, with or ...
Skirecki Tomasz - - 2009
Small cell lung cancer constitutes 15-20% cases of lung cancers, currently the leading cause of death from malignant diseases. It also causes the demise of >90% of affected individuals in 5 years. We have established a new SCLC cell line STP54 derived from fine needle aspirate of metastatic supraclavicular lymph ...
Su Yuxi - - 2009
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of bone in children and young adults. There is a paucity of tumorigenic and highly metastatic human osteosarcoma cell lines that have not been further transformed by exogenous means. Here we establish and characterize a highly metastatic human osteosarcoma cell line that is ...
Kim Sang Hee - - 2009
Metastasis is a complex, multistep process by which a cancer cell leaves the primary tumor, travels to a distant site via the circulatory system, and establishes a secondary cancer. A deeper understanding of the molecular events underlying metastasis will provide information that will be useful for the development of new ...
Bax Dorine A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although paediatric high grade gliomas resemble their adult counterparts in many ways, there appear to be distinct clinical and biological differences. One important factor hampering the development of new targeted therapies is the relative lack of cell lines derived from childhood glioma patients, as it is unclear whether the ...
Upile Tahwinder - - 2009
Although much has been published for the development of cell lines, these were lab based and developed for scientific technical staff. We present a simple and successful protocol for the development of cell lines and tissue harvesting for the clinical scientist. We also discuss the ethical implications of tissue retention ...
Kisselbach Lynn - - 2009
Cluster Differentiation 90 (CD90) is a cell surface glycoprotein originally identified on mouse thymocytes. Although CD90 has been identified on a variety of stem cells and at varying levels in non-lymphoid tissues such as on fibroblasts, brain cells, and activated endothelial cells, the knowledge about the levels of CD90 expression ...
Fang Jinbo - - 2009
Twenty-three human colorectal carcinoma cell lines were examined for the binding of recombinant hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor 1 (ASGR1), which is known to be exclusively expressed on hepatic parenchymal cells. The effects of the binding were assessed by adhesion to and proliferation on immobilized recombinant ASGR1. Recombinant ASGR1 bound strongly to ...
Nareyeck Gordon - - 2009
AIMS: Uveal melanomas with or without monosomy 3 have different metastatic potentials. Therefore, it would be of great experimental importance to obtain cell lines of both groups - established and characterized under the same conditions. METHODS: Long-term culture of biopsies derived from untreated primary uveal melanomas was performed, and the ...
Chalasani Madhavi Latha - - 2009
AIMS: Optineurin is a gene (OPTN) associated with normal-tension glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma. The aim of our study is to understand the functions of the protein optineurin in retinal ganglion cells, and the modifications that come about in its functions when mutations occur in its sequence. METHODS: We have ...
Parker L P - - 2009
PURPOSE: Role of microRNAs in malignancies is well established due their regulatory role in cellular differentiation, proliferation and cell cycle control. Our purpose was to determine miRNA profiles of serially established ovarian cancer cell lines and the effect of genistein treatment. METHODS: Cell lines (UL-3A, UL-3B) were established from one ...
Nishide Kenji - - 2009
Prominin1 (Prom1, also known as CD133 in human) has been widely used as a marker for cancer stem cells (CSCs), which self-renew and are tumorigenic, in malignant tumors including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, there is other evidence showing that Prom1-negative cancer cells also form tumors in vivo. Thus it remains ...
Matsumoto Izumi - - 2009
A germline insertion of a single nucleotide in the rat homologue of the human Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) gene gives rise to dominantly inherited renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the Nihon rat model. In this study, we established 7 lines (NR cell lines NR22, 24, 32, 45, 49, 54 and 64) from ...
Yang Muhua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Malignant glioma cells are particularly motile and can travel diffusely through the brain parenchyma, apparently without following anatomical structures to guide their migration. The neural adhesion/recognition protein L1 (L1CAM; CD171) has been implicated in contributing to stimulation of motility and metastasis of several non-neural cancer types. We explored the ...
Labriola Leticia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The in vitro culture of insulinomas provides an attractive tool to study cell proliferation and insulin synthesis and secretion. However, only a few human beta cell lines have been described, with long-term passage resulting in loss of insulin secretion. Therefore, we set out to establish and characterize human insulin-releasing ...
Takahashi Kazutoshi - - 2009
For therapeutic usage of induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) cells, to accomplish xeno-free culture is critical. Previous reports have shown that human embryonic stem (ES) cells can be maintained in feeder-free condition. However, absence of feeder cells can be a hostile environment for pluripotent cells and often results in karyotype abnormalities. ...
Lin Jung-Chung - - 2009
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important process in tumor metastasis. The EMT-related events associated with metastasis of NPC in the absence of EBV have not been elucidated. We established an EBV-negative NPC cell line from a bone marrow biopsy of an NPC patient. Using a Matrigel system we isolated an ...
Cerchia Laura - - 2009
The hope of success of therapeutic interventions largely relies on the possibility to distinguish between even close tumor types with high accuracy. Indeed, in the last ten years a major challenge to predict the responsiveness to a given therapeutic plan has been the identification of tumor specific signatures, with the ...
Li Chunliang - - 2009
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have attracted enormous attention due to their vast potential in regenerative medicine, pharmaceutical screening and basic research. Most prior established iPS cell lines were derived and maintained on mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells supplemented with exogenous leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). Drawbacks of MEF cells impede ...
Moser Joanna J - - 2009
Primary cilia are non-motile sensory cytoplasmic organelles that have been implicated in signal transduction, cell to cell communication, left and right pattern embryonic development, sensation of fluid flow, regulation of calcium levels, mechanosensation, growth factor signaling and cell cycle progression. Defects in the formation and/or function of these structures underlie ...
Lu Ze Jun - - 2009
It is well established that cancer cells can fuse with endothelial cells to form hybrid cells spontaneously, which facilitates cancer cells traversing the endothelial barrier to form metastases. However, up to now, little is known about the biologic characteristics of hybrid cells. Therefore, we investigate the malignant biologic behaviors and ...
Bartelt Rebekah R - - 2009
Human T cells play an important role in pathogen clearance, but their aberrant activation is also linked to numerous diseases. T cells are activated by the concurrent induction of the T cell receptor (TCR) and one or more costimulatory receptors. The characterization of signaling pathways induced by TCR and/or costimulatory ...
Phuchareon Janyaporn - - 2009
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common malignant neoplasm of the salivary glands. Most patients survive more than 5 years after surgery and postoperative radiation therapy. The 10 year survival rate, however, drops to 40%, due to locoregional recurrences and distant metastases. Improving long-term survival in ACC requires ...
Kubo Chikahiro - - 2009
Most in vitro studies of oral carcinogenesis in human cells are carried out with oral keratinocytes immortalized by human papillomavirus type 16 DNA. However, because various etiological factors for oral cancer are known, it is important to establish new human keratinocyte cell lines useful for studying the mechanism of oral ...
Badea Tudor C TC Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2009
Pharmacologic control of Cre-mediated recombination using tamoxifen-dependent activation of a Cre-estrogen receptor ligand binding domain fusion protein [CreER(T)] is widely used to modify and/or visualize cells in the mouse. We describe here two new mouse lines, constructed by gene targeting to the Rosa26 locus to facilitate Cre-mediated cell modification. These ...
Guo Kun - - 2009
Considerable interests have recently been focused on mechanism of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis-the most fundamental characteristics of HCC and the ultimate cause of most HCC mortality, so screening more potential early prognostic marker and therapeutic target is urgent. In this study, we screened genome of three HCC cell lines ...
Collet Bertrand - - 2009
TO and SHK-1 are two Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) cell lines isolated from head kidney cells and used widely in viral diagnostic and fundamental research. Analysis of their resting-state expression levels for a number of immune relevant genes revealed significant differences in expression between the two cell types in the ...
Babrah Jaspreet J Biophotonics Research Group, Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Great Western Road, Gloucester, UK GL1 3NN. - - 2009
This paper presents Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy to characterise spectral differences that distinguish cells derived from human T-cell lymphoma, B-cell lymphoid, and myeloid leukaemia cell lines. This methodology is based on spectral measurements of major cellular biochemical constituents and multivariate spectral processing. Major spectral differences were observed in the ...
Holthouse David J - - 2009
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common type of brain tumor affecting children. These tumors are a significant cause of childhood mortality and morbidity, and more effective and less invasive treatment options are urgently required. To achieve these aims, it will be critical to develop a more comprehensive understanding of the ...
Connolly Kate - - 2009
PURPOSE: To develop a model of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) down regulation in colorectal cancer cell lines. This may be used to determine whether combination strategies have clinical potential. METHODS: A series of clones were developed using short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against XIAP stably expressed in HCT116 cells. XIAP ...
Xiao Hui - - 2008
The aim was to find the possible relationship between defects in the FA/BRCA pathway of genomic maintenance and potential pathogenesis of T and B cell lymphoma. We screened 29 cell lines derived from diverse subtypes of lymphoma for possible FA pathway defects. The results indicated: no defect in FANCD2 ubiquitination, ...
Pathak Nidhi - - 2009
We have investigated two clonal mouse olfactory placode (OP) cell lines as a model system for studying endogenous odorant receptor (OR) regulation. Both lines can be differentiated into bipolar neurons with transcriptional profiles consistent with mature sensory neurons. We show that single cells exhibit monogenic OR expression like sensory neurons ...
Honda Arata - - 2008
Although embryonic stem (ES) cell lines derived from mice and primates are used extensively, the development of such lines from other mammals is extremely difficult because of their rapid decline in proliferation potential and pluripotency after several passages. This study describes the establishment of rabbit ES cell lines with indefinite ...
Ammerman Nicole C NC Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2008
Vero cells are derived from the kidney of an African green monkey, and are one of the more commonly used mammalian continuous cell lines in microbiology and molecular and cell biology research. This unit includes protocols for the growth and maintenance of Vero cell lines in a research laboratory setting.
Grueneberg Dorre A - - 2008
shRNA loss-of-function screens were used to identify kinases that were rate-limiting for promoting cell proliferation and survival. Here, we study the differences in kinase requirements among various human cells, including freshly prepared primary cells, isogenic cells, immortalized cells, and cancer cell lines. Closely related patterns of kinase requirements among the ...
Vilar E - - 2008
Around 15% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) show microsatellite instability (MSI) due to dysfunction of the mismatch repair system (MMR). As a consequence of this, MSI tumours tend to accumulate errors in mononucleotide repeats as those in genes implicated in repairing double-strand breaks (DSBs). Previous studies have shown that irinotecan (CPT-11), ...
Ning Hongxiu H Knuppe Molecular Urology Laboratory, Department of Urology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0738, - - 2009
Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSC) are isolated from the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue and considered an excellent cell source for regenerative medicine. During the isolation and propagation of several human ADSC cell lines, we observed the emergence of an unusual cell line designated HADSC-6. Although initially fibroblast-like ...
Romano Paolo - - 2009
The Cell Line Data Base (CLDB) is a well-known reference information source on human and animal cell lines including information on more than 6000 cell lines. Main biological features are coded according to controlled vocabularies derived from international lists and taxonomies. HyperCLDB (http://bioinformatics.istge.it/hypercldb/) is a hypertext version of CLDB that ...
Burstein Sumner - - 2008
A series of amide derivatives of long-chain fatty acids has been studied for their effects on the proliferation of cancer cells in vitro. Fatty acids ranged from palmitic to higher polyunsaturated types containing 22 carbon atoms. The amino portions of the molecules included ammonia, ethanolamine, various amino acids and dopamine. ...
Xu Jie - - 2008
Three breast carcinoma cell lines --21PTCi, 21NTCi, and 21MT-1 --all originating from a 36-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer, have been characterized previously as stably representing different stages of progression: (nontumorigenic [21PTCi]; tumorigenic, nonmetastatic [21NTCi]; and tumorigenic, weakly metastatic [21MT-1]). These cell lines were investigated for cytogenetic characteristics using G-banding ...
Gröger S - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Primary human keratinocytes are used to analyze the properties of the oral epithelium and the early stages of oral bacterial infections. In vitro, these cells are characterized by their short life span and restricted availability. Approaches for culturing these cells will end after approximately 6-10 passages as ...
Gesundheit Benjamin - - 2008
Three phenotypically distinct cell types are present in human neuroblastomas (NB) and NB cell lines: I-type stem cells, N-type neuroblastic precursors, and S-type Schwannian/melanoblastic precursors. The stimulation of human N-type neuroblastoma cell proliferation by normal human bone marrow monocytic cell conditioned medium (BMCM) has been demonstrated in vitro, a finding ...
Graham D A - - 2008
Laboratory studies were carried out to investigate the cultural characteristics of salmonid alphaviruses (SAV) from Atlantic salmon (AS, Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (RT, Oncorhynchus mykiss), particularly in relation to cell line and temperature. In an initial study, SAV was isolated from 12 viraemic sera and passaged in Chinook salmon ...
Schweppe Rebecca E - - 2008
Cell lines derived from human cancers provide critical tools to study disease mechanisms and develop novel therapies. Recent reports indicate that up to 36% of cell lines are cross- contaminated. We evaluated 40 reported thyroid cancer-derived cell lines using short tandem repeat and single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis. Only 23 ...
Li GuoDong - - 2009
Generating surrogate insulin-producing cells from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) through in vitro replication of successive steps during pancreatic development has been challenging . Here we describe a novel reproducible protocol to establish homogeneous and scalable insulin-producing cell lines from mouse (m) ESCs via differentiation of the previously described lineage-restricted clonal ...
Yanagihara Kazuyoshi - - 2008
Ten novel human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines (Sui65 through Sui74) were established from a transplantable pancreatic carcinoma cell line. All the cell lines resembled the original clinical carcinoma in terms of the morphological and biological features, presenting with genetic alterations such as point mutations of K-ras and p53, attenuation or ...
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