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Results 401 - 450 of 2018
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Choi, Chul
Abstract Background Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen of increasing importance, but the pathogenic mechanism of this microorganism has not been fully explored. This study investigated the potential of A. baumannii to invade epithelial cells and determined the role of A. baumannii outer membrane protein A (AbOmpA) in interactions with ...
Kubota, Norihiro
Oligobrachia mashikoi, a frenulata, is a marine invertebrate living in an unusual habitat in Tsukumo Bay (20-25m deep), Japan. It lacks a mouth and a gut, and instead possesses specialized cells called bacteriocytes, in which endosymbiotic bacterial cells are kept. The endosymbiosis involves specific interactions and obligatory metabolic exchanges between ...
Lavine Mark D MD Department of Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry and Center for Reproductive Biology, University of Idaho, Life Sciences South Room 142, Moscow, ID 83843, - - 2009
The intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii extensively modifies its host cell so as to efficiently grow and divide. Among these cellular changes, T. gondii alters the cell cycle of host cells it has invaded. We found that T. gondii affects the cell cycle of not only the cells it directly invades, ...
da Silva Claudio Vieira - - 2009
Toxoplasma gondii infects a variety of different cell types in a range of different hosts. Host cell invasion by T. gondii occurs by active penetration of the host cell, a process previously described as independent of host actin polymerization. Also, the parasitophorous vacuole has been shown to resist fusion with ...
Locsei J T - - 2009
Previously published experimental work by other authors has shown that certain motile marine bacteria are able to track free-swimming algae by executing a zigzag path and steering toward the algae at each turn. Here, we propose that the apparent steering behaviour could be a hydrodynamic effect, whereby an algal cell's ...
Martinez-Argudo Isabel - - 2008
We have used an in vitro model of intestinal M cells to examine the mechanisms by which Salmonella enterica translocates across these specialized cells, which constitute a primary site of infection of the mammalian host. S. enterica can invade cultured cells by deploying a type III secretion system (TTSS) encoded ...
Rickard A H - - 2008
AIMS: We evaluated the ability of a dual-species community of oral bacteria to produce the universal signalling molecule, autoinducer-2 (AI-2), in saliva-fed biofilms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Streptococcus oralis 34, S. oralis 34 luxS mutant and Actinomyces naeslundii T14V were grown as single- and dual-species biofilms within sorbarods fed with 25% ...
Larson Charles L - - 2008
Campylobacter jejuni is a major food-borne bacterial pathogen, which is capable of causing diarrhoea containing blood and leukocytes. C. jejuni invasion of the intestinal epithelial cells and the release of proinflammatory molecules contribute to the pathophysiology of campylobacteriosis. Given the commensal relationship of C. jejuni with chickens, we hypothesized that ...
Chuaygud Tippamas - - 2008
Burkholderia pseudomallei is an agent of melioidosis and is closely related to avirulent B. thailandensis. Burkholderia thailandensis has a 15-bp deletion within the variable region of the flagellin gene fliC compared with B. pseudomallei. The difference in the fliC gene might be related to virulence. In the present study, the ...
Hsiao William W L - - 2008
This article summarizes advances in the field of host-microbe interactions in the gut. The human gut is home to a complex community of microbes (the microbiota) that plays a critical role in host nutrient acquisition and metabolism, development of intestinal epithelial cells, and host immune system. Genetic background, nutritional status, ...
Wine Eytan - - 2008
The precise mechanism by which the most common cause of bacterial enterocolitis in humans, Campylobacter jejuni, perturbs the intestinal mucosa remains elusive. To define effects of C. jejuni infection on mucosal permeability, Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK)-I and T84 cell monolayers were infected with C. jejuni for up to 48 h. ...
Gursoy Ulvi Kahraman - - 2008
We examined survival and replication of fusobacteria inside epithelial cells. Subconfluent cultures of HaCaT keratinocytes were infected with five bacterial strains representing three Fusobacterium species: F. nucleatum, F. necrophorum, and F. mortiferum. Adhesion and invasion of the bacteria were assayed before and after antibiotic treatment that killed the adhered and ...
Johnson Jason D JD Department of Developmental and Surgical Sciences, Division of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that periodontal pathogens associated with aggressive periodontitis persist in extracrevicular locations following scaling and root planing, systemic antibiotics, and antimicrobial rinses. Eighteen patients with aggressive periodontitis received a clinical examination during which samples of subgingival plaque and buccal epithelial cells ...
de Goffau Marcus C - - 2009
The response of different bacterial species to reduced water availability was studied using a simple relative humidity gradient technique. Interestingly, distinct differences in morphology and growth patterns were observed between populations of the same species growing at different relative humidity. Gram-positive cocci increased in cell size as they approached humidity ...
Yu Jun - - 2009
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are susceptible to genetic manipulation and retain the potential to differentiate into diverse cell types, which are factors that make them potentially attractive cells for studying host-pathogen interactions. Murine ES cells were found to be susceptible to invasion by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Shigella flexneri ...
Wang Yubao Y Department of Pathology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, - - 2009
Autophagy has been shown to contribute to defense against intracellular bacteria and parasites. In comparison, the ability of such pathogens to manipulate host cell autophagy to their advantage has not been examined. Here we present evidence that infection by Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular protozoan parasite, induces host cell autophagy in ...
Sikić Pogacar Maja - - 2009
Although campylobacters are relatively fragile and sensitive to environmental stresses, Campylobacter jejuni has evolved mechanisms for survival in diverse environments, both inside and outside the host. Their survival properties and pathogenic potential were assessed after subjecting food and clinical C. jejuni isolates to different stress conditions. After exposure to starvation ...
Pernagallo Salvatore - - 2009
In this study, polymer microarrays were used for the rapid identification of polymer substrates upon which a suspension cell line would both adhere and proliferate giving a detailed and rapid understanding of cell-biomaterial interactions. Analysis demonstrated that suspension K562 human erythroleukemic cells, which normally grow in suspension, adhered and proliferated ...
Smukalla Scott S FAS Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, Northwest Labs, Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2008
The budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has emerged as an archetype of eukaryotic cell biology. Here we show that S. cerevisiae is also a model for the evolution of cooperative behavior by revisiting flocculation, a self-adherence phenotype lacking in most laboratory strains. Expression of the gene FLO1 in the laboratory strain ...
Das Sarita - - 2008
Previous studies on natural products had mainly dealt with their antimicrobial activity and studies on the interference of these bioactive compounds with host-bacterial interaction is limited. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the sterols and fatty acids present in the chloroform fraction of crude methanol extract ...
Read Amanda - - 2008
Francisella tularensis, a potential bioterrorism agent, is transmitted by arthropod vectors and causes tularemia in many mammals, including humans. Francisella novicida causes disease with similar pathology in mice. We show that F. novicida invades hemocyte-like cells of the SualB cell line derived from Anopheles gambiae and replicates vigorously within these ...
Peyron Pascale - - 2008
Tuberculosis (TB) is characterized by a tight interplay between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and host cells within granulomas. These cellular aggregates restrict bacterial spreading, but do not kill all the bacilli, which can persist for years. In-depth investigation of M. tuberculosis interactions with granuloma-specific cell populations are needed to gain insight into ...
Heidtman Matthew M Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, 150 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2009
The bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila replicates in a specialized vacuole within host cells. Establishment of the replication vacuole depends on the Dot/Icm translocation system that delivers a large number of protein substrates into the host cell. The functions of most substrates are unknown. Here, we analysed a defined set of ...
Holder Anthony A AA Division of Parasitology, National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AA, UK. - - 2009
Apicomplexan parasites are motile and invade host cells. The force required for this is generated by an actomyosin motor. In a recent paper, Baum and colleagues suggest that the protein formin regulates the polymerization of actin at the moving junction between parasite and host cell. This finding provides novel insight ...
Johnson Amber M - - 2009
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a common cause of travelers' and postweaning diarrhea in humans and swine, respectively. The extent to which ETEC damages host cells is unclear. Experiments are presented that probe the ability of porcine ETEC isolates to induce apoptosis and cell death in porcine intestinal epithelial cells. ...
Sifri Costi D - - 2008
Cell communication in bacteria occurs through a vernacular of small diffusible chemical signals that impact gene regulation during times of high cell density. This form of intercellular signaling, known as quorum sensing, optimizes the metabolic and behavioral activities of a community of bacteria for life in close quarters. Quorum sensing ...
Man Angela L - - 2008
It has been shown previously that certain bacteria rapidly (3 h) up-regulated in vivo microfold cell (M cell)-mediated transport of Ag across the follicle-associated epithelium of intestinal Peyer's patch. Our aim was to determine whether soluble mediators secreted following host-bacteria interaction were involved in this event. A combination of proteomics ...
Dubrovin Evgeniy V - - 2008
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to study the process of infection of bacterial cells by bacteriophages, for which purpose experimental protocols were elaborated. Three types of bacteriophages were characterized with AFM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Bacteriophage interaction with cells was studied for three bacterial hosts: Gram-negative Escherichia coli ...
Guignot Julie - - 2008
Until recently, intermediate filaments (IF) were thought to be only involved in resistance to physical stress and mechanical integrity of cells and tissues. Recent data indicate that IF play a much more important role in cellular physiology including organelle structure and positioning within the cell. Here, we show that Salmonella ...
Swoboda Jessica R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on infectious and host responses distinguishing older people with or without active periodontitis. This study measured bacterial and serum cytokine and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in older persons. METHODS: Elders (mean age: 67 years), whose periodontal status had declined most or least (20% worst ...
Kubota Hiromi - - 2008
We investigated the formation of biofilms by 3 type strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus fructivorans, as representatives of LAB that cause food deterioration or contamination. Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum JCM1149 and Lactobacillus brevis JCM1059 appeared to adhere and accumulate on glass cover slips. ...
Pathirana Rishi D - - 2008
Porphyromonas gingivalis strains W50 and ATCC 33277 were shown to bind to cultured human fibroblast (MRC-5) cells using flow cytometry. As the concentration of P. gingivalis strain W50 cells was increased relative to the concentration of MRC-5 cells, the number of W50 cells bound per MRC-5 cell increased, as did ...
Hallén U - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: In the present study we examined the ability of the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis to adhere to glycoconjugates on intact cells and to protein preparations of epithelial cells (KB cells). METHODS: The KB cell protein preparation was separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and transferred to nitrocellulose membranes ...
Yilmaz Ozlem O Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry and Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. - - 2008
The microbiota of the human oral mucosa consists of a myriad of bacterial species that normally exist in commensal harmony with the host. Porphyromonas gingivalis, an aetiological agent in severe forms of periodontitis (a chronic inflammatory disease), is a prominent component of the oral microbiome and a successful colonizer of ...
Sajjan S Umadevi - - 2008
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an important respiratory pathogen in persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). Recent studies indicate that B. cenocepacia survives within macrophages and airway epithelial cells in vitro by evading endosome-lysosome fusion. We investigated the role of a plasmid-encoded type IV secretion system in the intracellular survival, replication, and processing ...
Velasquez Almonacid L A - - 2009
Connexin (Cx) channels are sites of cytoplasmic communication between contacting cells. Evidence indicates that the opening of hemichannels occurs under both physiological and pathological conditions. In this paper, the involvement of Cx-43 hemichannels is demonstrated in the pathogenesis of Yersinia. Parental HeLa cells and transfected HeLa cells stably expressing Cx-43 ...
Sachidanandham Ramaiah - - 2009
While cultivation is a convenient way of proliferating and understanding bacteria, studies have shown the formation of nonculturable cells in nonspore-forming bacteria in response to environmental stress and thus in turn have generated immense interest. Whether these cells are in a state of dormancy or in a stage preceding cell ...
Al-Qadiri Hamzah M - - 2008
The effect of chlorine-induced bacterial injury on spectral features using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) absorbance spectroscopy was studied using a mixed bacterial culture of (1:1) ca. 500 CFU/mL each Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 in 0.9% saline. Bacterial cells were treated with 0, 0.3, or 1.0 ...
Haraga Andrea - - 2008
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a bacterial pathogen that causes a broad spectrum of clinical symptoms collectively known as melioidosis. Since it can be acquired by inhalation and is difficult to eradicate due to its resistance to a wide group of antibiotics and capacity for latency, work with B. pseudomallei requires a ...
Kamgang-Youbi Georges - - 2008
This paper describes the effects of initial microbial concentration and planktonic/adherent/detached states on the efficiency of plasma-activated water. This disinfecting solution was obtained by treating distilled water with an atmospheric pressure plasma produced by gliding electric discharges in humid air. The inactivation kinetics of planktonic cells of Hafnia alvei (selected ...
Van Deun Kim - - 2008
Invasion in and translocation across enterocytes are major events during Campylobacter jejuni-induced enteritis in humans. C. jejuni in vitro infection of cell monolayers typically results in loss of tight junction integrity, which could contribute to translocation. In the present study, we wanted to investigate whether butyrate is able to confer ...
Phelps Eric D - - 2008
Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous apicomplexan parasite that can cause severe disease in fetuses and immune-compromised patients. Rhoptries, micronemes, and dense granules, which are secretory organelles unique to Toxoplasma and other apicomplexan parasites, play critical roles in parasite growth and virulence. To understand how these organelles modulate infected host cells, ...
Silvie Olivier - - 2008
A hallmark of Plasmodium development inside its mammalian victim is the remarkable restriction to the host species. Adaptation to an intracellular life style in specific target cells is determined by multiple parasite-host interactions. The first line of crosstalk occurs during intradermal sporozoite injection by an Anopheles mosquito. The following expansion ...
Wang Xindan - - 2008
An ongoing mission for biologists is to probe the molecular nature of cellular processes within live cells. Although much of what we have discovered during the molecular biology revolution of the last 50 years has been achieved by exploiting bacteria as 'bags of DNA and proteins', relatively little has been ...
Ellinghaus Ursula - - 2008
Inactivation of members of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) family results in the decrease or defect of marginal zone B (MZB) cells. It is not known which inhibitors of the NF-kappaB family (IkappaB) are required for MZB cell development. Here, we show that mice with B cell-specific inactivation of the main ...
Kilár Anikó - - 2008
A fast microchip electrophoresis method was developed to analyze and differentiate bacterial endotoxins directly from whole-cell lysates after removal of the proteinaceous components with proteinase K digestion and a precipitation of the endotoxin components. The partially purified endotoxin components were visualized by the interaction with dodecyl sulphate and then a ...
Bish Samuel E SE Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, - - 2008
Neisseria gonorrhoeae can invade into cervical epithelial cells to overcome this host defense barrier. We developed a beta-lactamase reporter system that allowed us to quantify at the single cell level if a host cell internalized a viable or nonviable microorganism. We autodisplayed beta-lactamase on the surface of FA1090 [FA1090Phi(bla-iga')] and ...
Pereira Ana Claudia M - - 2008
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is an emerging pathogen associated to cases of acute or persistent diarrhea in children and adults from developed and developing countries. These microorganisms also have been isolated from human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. EAEC exhibits aggregative adherence (AA) in HEp-2 cells. This pattern is characterized by the ...
Cascales Eric - - 2008
Bacterial secretion systems are macromolecular complexes that release virulence factors into the medium or translocate them into the target host cell. These systems are widespread in bacteria allowing them to infect eukaryotic cells and survive or replicate within them. A new secretion system, the type VI secretion system (T6SS), was ...
Varon C - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Helicobacter pullorum is an enterohepatic Helicobacter species of avian origin detected in patients with acute diarrhoea and inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of the present study was to determine whether H pullorum exerts a direct effect on human intestinal epithelial cells in vitro and to characterise the ...
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