Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 4262
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zhou Weizhi W School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, Shandong, China; State Key Lab of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, Shandong, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Comparison of the bioremoval and recovery of Cd(II) by growing and grown marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. SCSE709-6 was performed in batch systems. Bioremoval with growing cells (Sorption I) showed better performance at low Cd(II) concentrations, whereas bioremoval with grown cells (Sorption II) had significant advantages in both removal efficiency and ...
Fu Xiao-Hong XH The State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, - - 2014
In telomerase negative yeast cells, Rad52-dependent recombination is activated to maintain telomeres. This recombination-mediated telomere elongation usually involves two independent pathways, type I and type II, and leads to generation of type I and type II survivors. It remains elusive whether the recombination-mediated telomere elongation prefers to take place on ...
Green Samantha E - - 2013
Cobalt(II) and nickel(II) ions display similar chemical properties and act as hypoxia mimics in cells. However, only soluble Co(II) but not soluble Ni(II) is carcinogenic by inhalation. To explore potential reasons for these differences, we examined responses of human lung cells to both metals. We found that Co(II) showed almost ...
Wang Jinheng - - 2013
Human T‑cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV‑1), the first retrovirus to be identified, is the etiological agent of an aggressive clonal malignancy of mature CD4+ T lymphocytes known as adult T‑cell leukemia (ATL). The prognosis of ATL patients remains poor despite the availability of a number of clinical chemotherapy drugs. In ...
Carr Brian I - - 2013
To evaluate the growth-inhibitory properties of the potent multi-kinase antagonist Regorafenib (Fluoro-Sorafenib), which was synthesized as a more potent Sorafenib, a Raf inhibitor and to determine whether similar mechanisms were involved, human hepatoma cell lines were grown in the presence or absence of Regorafanib and examined for growth inhibition. Western ...
Manzanares Miguel Vicente - - 2013
A new study reveals that non-muscle myosin II plays a central role in the durotaxis of mesenchymal stem cells, with the two major isoforms, II-A and II-B, being cooperatively required for this cell movement, and serine phosphorylation of the II-A isoform playing a negative role.
Jin Lin - - 2012
In this study, a novel three-dimensional fluffy PPy conductive fibrous scaffold (3D-cFSs) was fabricated by electrospinning technique combined with situ surface polymerization. Chemical compositions, morphology were characterized by fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the average diameter of PPy coated PLLA fibers in ...
Subramanian Anuradha A Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA. - - 2013
The need for tissue-engineered constructs as replacement tissue continues to grow as the average age of the world's population increases. However, additional research is required before the efficient production of laboratory-created tissue can be realized. The multitude of parameters that affect cell growth and proliferation is particularly daunting considering that ...
Trosan Peter P Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech - - 2012
Limbal stem cells (LSC), which reside in the basal layer of the limbus, are thought to be responsible for corneal epithelial healing after injury. When the cornea is damaged, LSC start to proliferate, differentiate, and migrate to the site of injury. To characterize the signaling molecules ensuring communication between the ...
Van Vu Ba - - 2012
Upon infection, phytopathogenic fungi secrete an array of hydrolytic enzymes that can degrade components of the host epidermis, including waxes, the cuticle, and cell walls. Cellulases, which can hydrolyze crystalline cellulose in the plant cell wall, are among these hydrolytic enzymes. Here, we provide RNAi-based evidence to show that cellulases ...
Zhang Gao - - 2012
Considerable data support the idea that oncogene-induced senescence remains a barrier that needs to be overcome for malignant transformation of melanocytes. Human nevi stain positive for the senescence-associated β-galactosidase marker, suggesting that cells have lost their proliferative capacity. Most nevi harbor B-RAF or N-RAS mutations, implying that they are growth ...
Tian Pei Ying - - 2012
  To investigate the role of ghrelin in the gastric cancer cell line AGS and its probable mechanism.   Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay after treated with ghrelin or des-acyl ghrelin. The expression of growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a) and 1b (GHS-R1b) mRNA was detected using reverse ...
Xie You-Ke - - 2012
Cell differentiation agent-2 (CDA-2) is an extraction from healthy human urine consisting of primary organic acids and peptides, and it has been demonstrated to inhibit growth and induce differentiation in glioma and other cell lines. But the mechanism of CDA-2 remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that CDA-2 inhibited ...
Peng Y - - 2012
Transcriptional positive coactivator 4 (PC4) is a multifunctional nuclear protein that has important roles in DNA transcription, replication, repair and heterochromatinization. However, the role of PC4 in cancer remains to be clarified. Several studies propose that PC4 may act as a putative tumor suppressor. Here, we demonstrate for the first ...
Zhao Wenxiu - - 2012
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often diagnosed at an advanced stage, and over the past several decades, many researchers have worked to develop novel effective therapies for HCC patients. The functional contributions of mesenchymal stem cells to human malignancies, including HCC growth and progression, are controversial, and the potential mechanisms ...
Proseus Timothy E - - 2012
Pectate (polygalacturonic acid) acts as a chelator to bind calcium and form cross-links that hold adjacent pectate polymers and thus plant cell walls together. When under tension from turgor pressure in the cell, the cross-links appear to distort and weaken. New pectate supplied by the cytoplasm is undistorted and removes ...
Yang Liu - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of SAM- and SH3-domain containing 1 (SASH1) on the biological behavior of glioma cells, including its effects on cellular growth, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and metastasis, and thereby to provide an experimental basis for future therapeutic treatments. A pcDNA3.1-SASH1 eukaryotic expression ...
Chen Jian - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common primary malignant brain tumour, with a median survival of about one year. This poor prognosis is due to therapeutic resistance and tumour recurrence after surgical removal. Precisely how recurrence occurs is unknown. Using a genetically engineered mouse model of glioma, here we identify a ...
Wang Lin - - 2012
The successful use of transplanted cells and/or growth factors for tissue repair is limited by a significant cell loss and/or rapid growth factor diffusion soon after implantation. Highly porous alginate scaffolds formed with covalent crosslinking have been used to improve cell survival and growth factor release kinetics, but require open-wound ...
Driessens Gregory G Université Libre de Bruxelles, IRIBHM, Brussels B-1070, - - 2012
Recent studies using the isolation of a subpopulation of tumour cells followed by their transplantation into immunodeficient mice provide evidence that certain tumours, including squamous skin tumours, contain cells with high clonogenic potential that have been referred to as cancer stem cells (CSCs). Until now, CSC properties have only been ...
Schrader Stefan - - 2012
Purpose: Aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of human MRC-5 cells to act as a feeder layer for conjunctival epithelial cells in order to develop a complete xenobiotic-free culture system for the expansion of conjunctival epithelial progenitor cells for clinical applications. Methods: Human conjunctival epithelial cells were ...
Bongiorno Vagner Alexandre - - 2012
The cell cycle is controlled by numerous mechanisms that ensure correct cell division. If growth is not possible, cells may eventually promote autophagy, differentiation, or apoptosis. Microorganisms interrupt their growth and differentiate under general nutrient limitation. We analyzed the effects of phosphate limitation on growth and sporulation in the chytridiomycete ...
Nahata Alok - - 2012
PURPOSE: The study was designed to screen Sphaeranthus indicus, Ganoderma lucidum, and Urtica dioica for their anticancer activity against human cancer cell lines. Phytochemical screening of active extracts was also planned. METHODS: Petroleum ether, ethanolic, and aqueous extracts of S indicus Linn, G lucidum P Karst, and U dioica Linn ...
Lei Xiufen X Departments of Pediatrics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2012
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling regulates cell growth and survival. Dysregulation of the TGF-β pathway is common in viral infection and cancer. Latent infection by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is required for the development of several AIDS-related malignancies, including Kaposi's sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). KSHV encodes more ...
Ferrezuelo Francisco - - 2012
Budding yeast cells are assumed to trigger Start and enter the cell cycle only after they attain a critical size set by external conditions. However, arguing against deterministic models of cell size control, cell volume at Start displays great individual variability even under constant conditions. Here we show that cell ...
Schürg Timo - - 2012
Directed growth or movement is a common feature of microbial development and propagation. In polar growing filamentous fungi, directed growth requires the interaction of signal sensing machineries with factors controlling polarity and cell tip extension. In N. crassa an unusual mode of cell-cell signaling mediates mutual attraction of germinating spores, ...
Grigsby Jeffery - - 2012
Purpose: Acrolein has been implicated in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell death, and has been associated with diabetic retinopathy. Our purpose was to investigate the potential effect of high glucose in influencing acrolein-mediated RPE cytokine production and cell death. We investigated the influence of the acrolein effect on ARPE-19 cells ...
Mitchison Timothy - - 2012
Ray Rappaport spent many years studying microtubule asters, and how they induce cleavage furrows. Here, we review recent progress on aster structure and dynamics in zygotes and early blastomeres of Xenopus laevis and Zebrafish, where cells are extremely large. Mitotic and interphase asters differ markedly in size, and only interphase ...
Qing Fangzhu - - 2012
The effects of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HA-NPs) on two kinds of cells, human MG63 cells and the normal osteoblasts were investigated. According to the MTT assay and fluorescent staining assay, it was proved that HA-NPs could inhibit the growth of MG63 cells but slightly support proliferation of the osteoblasts. Meanwhile, transmission ...
Abbott Rosalyn D - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Cells isolated from moderately and severely degenerated human intervertebral discs (IVDs) cultured in an alginate scaffold. OBJECTIVE:: To compare the regenerative potential of moderately vs. severely degenerated cells using three pro-anabolic stimulants. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Injection of soluble cell signaling factors has potential to slow the progression ...
Kim Byung Joo - - 2012
Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 7 (TRPM7) plays a role in a number of physiological and pharmacological functions in variety of cells. The aim of this study was to clarify the role for TRPM7 channels and the effect of waixenicin A on the pacemaking activity of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) ...
Rupik Weronika - - 2012
Reptilian myotomal myogenesis is poorly understood. This paper reports on structural, ultrastructural and immunocytochemical studies of muscle differentiation in sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) embryos. During somitogenesis, the somites are composed of epithelial vesicles with a centrally located somitocoel. At later developmental stages the ventral portion of the somite cortex disaggregates ...
Nakamura Moritaka - - 2012
Plant tissues commonly undergo morphogenesis within a single tissue layer or between associated cells of the same tissue type such as vascular cells. Tissue morphogenesis may rely on an underlying tissue polarity marked by coordinated unidirectional asymmetric localisation of molecules to ends of cells. When observed in the plane of ...
Iwata Eriko - - 2012
Endomitosis and endoreplication are atypical modes of cell cycle that results in genome duplication in single nucleus. Because the cell size of given cell type is generally proportional to the nuclear DNA content, endoreplication and endomitosis are effective strategy of cell growth, which are widespread in multicellular organisms, especially those ...
Jahn Stephan C SC Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2012
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which differentiated epithelial cells transition to a mesenchymal phenotype. EMT enables the escape of epithelial cells from the rigid structural constraints of the tissue architecture to a phenotype more amenable to cell migration and, therefore, invasion and metastasis. We characterized ...
Zhu Yingdong - - 2012
We have identified alkylresorcinols (ARs) as the major active components in wheat bran against human colon cancer cell growth (HCT-116 and HT-29) using a bioassay-guided approach. To further study the structure-activity relationships, fifteen ARs and their intermediates (1-15) were synthesized expediently by the modified Wittig reaction in aqueous media and ...
Schiessl Katharina - - 2012
In all multicellular organisms, the links between patterning genes, cell growth, cell cycle, cell size homeostasis, and organ growth are poorly understood, partly due to the difficulty of dynamic, 3D analysis of cell behavior in growing organs. A crucial step in plant organogenesis is the emergence of organ primordia from ...
Liao Wanqin - - 2012
Osteopetrosis, a disorder of skeletal bone, can cause death during childhood. We previously described a new spontaneous autosomal recessive osteopetrosis mouse mutant, "new toothless" (ntl). In this study, we reported for the first time the identification, cloning and characterization of the coiled-coil domain-containing 154 (CCDC154), a novel gene whose deletion ...
Oliveira G A R - - 2012
Chrysin is one of the natural flavonoids present in plants, and large amounts are present in honey and propolis. In addition to anticancer, antioxidation, and anti-inflammatory activities, chrysin has also been reported to be an inhibitor of aromatase, an enzyme converting testosterone into estrogen. The present study evaluated the mutagenicity ...
Shi Lei - - 2012
Meningiomas, one of the most common benign brain tumors in humans, arise from arachnoid cells in the brain meninges. Our investigations have revealed that miR-335 is a typical microRNA overexpressed in meningiomas in humans. Characterization of the effects of miR-335 overexpression in meningiomas demonstrated that elevated levels of miR-335 increased ...
Dello Ioio Raffaele - - 2012
The hormone cytokinin (CK) controls root length in Arabidopsis thaliana by defining where dividing cells, derived from stem cells of the root meristem, start to differentiate [1-6]. However, the regulatory inputs directing CK to promote differentiation remain poorly understood. Here, we show that the HD-ZIPIII transcription factor PHABULOSA (PHB) directly activates ...
Liptáková L'ubica - - 2012
Abiotic stress-induced superoxide generation depending on its localization, level, duration and presumably also on the action of other signals may lead to different stress responses. The purpose of this study was to analyze the alterations in superoxide generation and morphogenesis following short-term Cd, IAA and alloxan treatments, during stress and ...
Tiwari Aparna - - 2012
Fruit set involves a series of physiological and morphological changes that is well described for tomato and Arabidopsis but largely unknown for sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum). The aim of this paper is to investigate whether mechanisms of fruit set observed in Arabidopsis and tomato are also applicable to C. annuum. ...
Szeliga Monika - - 2012
O(6) -methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a DNA repair protein promoting resistance of tumor cells to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents. Glioma cells are particularly resistant to this class of drugs which include temozolomide (TMZ) and carmustine (BCNU). A previous study using the RNA microarray technique showed that decrease of MGMT mRNA stands ...
Hossain Motarab M Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, - - 2012
Glioblastoma, the deadliest brain tumor in humans, responds poorly to conventional chemotherapeutic agents because of existence of highly chemoresistant human brain tumor stem cells (HBTSC). An effective therapeutic strategy is urgently needed to target HBTSC as well as other glioblastoma cells. We explored synergistic efficacy of a low dose of ...
Deeraksa A A Department of Medicine, Section of Immunology Allergy and Rheumatology, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (PCa) is refractory to hormone therapy and new strategies for treatment are urgently needed. We found that androgen-insensitive (AI) PCa cells, LNCaP-AI, are reprogrammed to upregulate the mitotic kinase Plk1 (Polo-like kinase 1) and other M-phase cell-cycle proteins, which may underlie AI PCa growth. In androgen-depleted media, ...
Ly P P Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2013
Trisomy for chromosome 7 is frequently observed as an initiating event in sporadic colorectal cancer. Although unstable chromosome numbers and recurrent aneuploidies drive a large fraction of human cancers, targeted therapies selective to pre-neoplastic trisomic cells are non-existent. We have previously characterized a trisomy 7 cell line (1CT+7) spontaneously derived ...
Tyson Darren R - - 2012
We present an integrated method that uses extended time-lapse automated imaging to quantify the dynamics of cell proliferation. Cell counts are fit with a quiescence-growth model that estimates rates of cell division, entry into quiescence and death. The model is constrained with rates extracted experimentally from the behavior of tracked ...
Kobayashi Yusuke - - 2012
Excess thymidine induces unbalanced growth by delaying DNA replication and subsequently induces senescence in every human cell type. Our previous studies with use of inhibitors suggested that ERK1/2 has a major role in these processes. Here we directly assessed the roles of ERK1 and ERK2 in unbalanced growth induced by ...
Gupta Rajesh Kumar - - 2012
Extracellular matrices (ECM) have important roles for tissue architecture, both as structural and signaling components. Members of the integrin family are the main regulators of ECM assembly and transmitters of signals from the ECM to cells. In this study, we have analyzed the role of integrin subunit β1 in two-dimensional ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >