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Results 401 - 450 of 4295
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Prabhu Rachana V - - 2012
To find the incidence of different types of lip patterns, the dominant pattern, quadrant wise, amongst the Goan population. To assess, the quadrant wise differences in lip patterns among males and females and to report new lip print pattern in Goan population. Lip prints of 100 students studying in Goa ...
Nadakuduti Satya Swathi - - 2012
Plant epidermal cells have evolved specialist functions associated with adaptation to stress. These include the synthesis and deposition of specialized metabolites such as waxes and cutin together with flavonoids and anthocyanins, which have important roles in providing a barrier to water loss and protection against UV radiation, respectively. Characterization of ...
Banzhaf Manuel - - 2012
Growth of the bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan sacculus requires the coordinated activities of peptidoglycan synthases, hydrolases and cell morphogenesis proteins, but the details of these interactions are largely unknown. We now show that the Escherichia coli peptidoglycan glycosyltrasferase-transpeptidase PBP1A interacts with the cell elongation specific transpeptidase PBP2 in vitro and ...
Schröder H C - - 2012
It has been shown that inorganic monomeric and polymeric silica/silicate, in the presence of the biomineralization cocktail, increases the expression of OPG (osteoprotegerin) in osteogenic SaOS-2 sarcoma cells in vitro. In contrast, silicate does not affect the steady-state gene expression level of the osteoclastogenic ligand RANKL (receptor activator of NF-κB ...
Castillo-Lluva S S Cell Signalling Group, Cancer Research UK Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2013
The small GTPase Rac1 is a key regulator of cell motility. Multiple mechanisms regulate Rac1 activity including its ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation. Here, we identify the tumour suppressor HACE1 (HECT domain and Ankyrin repeat Containing E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase 1) as an E3 ubiquitin ligase responsible for Rac1 degradation following activation ...
Miri Ammar - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the effect of gravity on corneal epithelial cell migration in vitro. METHODS: Fourteen donor peripheral corneoscleral rims were used. Twenty explants were chosen of which 10 were placed vertically and 10 were placed horizontally during culture. Analyses were performed to investigate the effect of gravity on epithelial ...
Labour Marie-Noëlle - - 2012
Designing synthetic microenvironments for cellular investigations is a very active area of research at the crossroad of cell biology and materials science. The present work describes the design and functionalization of a 3D culture support dedicated to the study of neurite outgrowth from neural cells. It is based on a ...
Shabani Iman - - 2012
Electrospinning is currently used to fabricate nanofibrous scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The major problem of these scaffolds is their intrinsically two-dimensional nature which inhibits cellular migration and in-growth. In this study, we have introduced a modified setup of electrospinning to produce three-dimensional nanofibrous scaffolds which allows improved infiltration of ...
Ylä-Outinen Laura - - 2012
The future of tissue engineering applications for neuronal cells will require a supportive 3D matrix. This particular matrix should be soft, elastic and supportive for cell growth. In this study, we characterized the suitability of a 3D synthetic hydrogel matrix, PuraMatrix™, as a growth platform for human embryonic stem cell ...
Ha Jun - - 2012
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a principal drug for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Due to its low response and high toxicity, synergistic effects of 5-FU in combination with other drugs have been widely researched. This study investigated whether oroxylin A improved the sensitivity of HT-29 human colon cancer cells to 5-FU. ...
Xavier Cristina P R - - 2012
MAP kinase and PI3K/Akt signalling pathways are commonly altered in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) leading to tumor growth due to increased cell proliferation and inhibition of apoptosis. Several species of the genus Hypericum are used in Portugal to prepare herbal teas to which digestive tract effects are attributed. In the present ...
Mosieniak Grazyna - - 2012
Curcumin, a natural polyphenol derived from the rhizome of Curcuma longa, is a potent anticancer agent, which restricts tumor cell growth both in vitro and in vivo. Thus far curcumin was shown to induce death of cancer cells. This study reports the induction of cellular senescence of human colon cancer ...
Liu Q - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Traditional cancer initiation theory propounds evolution of a monoclonal population of fully transformed tumour cells to form a malignant tumour. Cooperation between surrounding stroma and the tumour also often leads to malignancy. This cooperation may exist as a result of sharing of growth signals or growth factors secreted by ...
Yang Zibo - - 2012
We aimed to identify the effects of IRAK-4gene silencing on human osteoblast-like cells. The siRNA sequences of the target gene, IRAK-4, were constructed and transferred into MG63 cells (control group = MG63 cells; SC group = MG63 cells transfected with scrambled IRAK-4siRNA; KD group = MG63 cells transfected with 75 ...
Ham Young-Min - - 2012
In this study, we investigate a plant commonly used in herbal medicines, Lycopodium serratum, which is believed to have anti-cancer properties. An alcoholic extract of L. serratum (LSE) was investigated for its ability to induce apoptosis in cultured human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Treatment of HL-60 cells with various concentrations ...
Zhao Yun-Feng - - 2012
MMPT, (5-[(4-methylphenyl)methylene]-2-(phenylamino)-4(5H)-thiazolone), a thiazolidin compound, was identified in our laboratory as a novel antineoplastic agent with a broad spectrum of antitumor activity against many human cancer cells. A previous study showed that MMPT inhibited cell growth, and induced apoptosis in H1792 cells. In this study, the antiproliferative activity of MMPT ...
Zhang Yuanyuan - - 2012
Sirt3 is a member of the mammalian sirtuin family that is localized to mitochondria and plays a role in the control of the metabolic activity. Recently, Sirt3 has been reported to be associated with the deregulating metabolism of cancer cells. However, the role of Sirt3 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has ...
Tomioka Hideo - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of trastuzumab in enhancing the activity of chemotherapeutic agents and the molecular basis of this effect. Two gastric cancer cell types with HER2 amplification, one sensitive (NCI‑N87) and one insensitive (MKN-7) to trastuzumab, were tested for the effects of trastuzumab ...
Sawai Yasushi - - 2012
Metastatic bone tumors cause pain and pathological fractures due to bone destruction. If we could enhance new osteogenic activities and prevent progression of osteolytic change by malignant cells, patients could achieve satisfactory activity of daily living. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), which leads to bone formation by osteoblasts, has been used ...
Biegańska Kaja - - 2012
Orexin A and orexin B (also known as hypocretins) are closely related peptides synthesized by hypothalamic neurons. They orchestrate diverse central and peripheral processes by stimulation of two G-protein coupled receptors, OX(1)R and OX(2)R. Recent studies have demonstrated the ability of orexins to promote a robust apoptosis in different cancer ...
Park Heon H The Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7190, - - 2012
The coordination of nutrient and energy availability with cell growth and division is essential for proper immune cell development and function. By using a chemical mutagenesis strategy in mice, we identified a pedigree that has a complete block in B cell development at the pre-B cell stage resulting from a deletion ...
Masarik Michal - - 2012
The present paper is focused on zinc(ii) treatment effects on prostatic cell lines PC-3 (tumour) and PNT1A (non-tumour). Oxidative status of cells was monitored by evaluation of expression of metallothionein (MT) isoforms 1A and 2A at the mRNA and protein level, glutathione (oxidised and reduced), and intracellular zinc(ii) after exposition ...
Acevedo-Morantes Claudia Y - - 2012
We report a novel method for high-throughput investigations on cell-material interactions based on metal oxide nanoscaffolds. These scaffolds possess a continuous gradient of various titanium alloys allowing the compositional and morphological variation that could substantially improve the formation of an osseointegrative interface with bone. The model nanoscaffold has been fabricated ...
Bazáes Alejandra - - 2012
Teleost fish lack independent olfactory organs for odorant and pheromone detection. Instead, they have a single sensory epithelium with two populations of receptor neurons, ciliated and microvillous, that are conserved among vertebrates, and a unique receptor cell type named the olfactory crypt cell. Crypt cells were shown to be chemosensory ...
Li Mao - - 2012
The biological microenvironment is interrupted when tumour masses are introduced because of the strong competition for oxygen. During the period of avascular growth of tumours, capillaries that existed play a crucial role in supplying oxygen to both tumourous and healthy cells. Due to limitations of oxygen supply from capillaries, healthy ...
Niu Xubo - - 2012
The Sec13-Sec31 heterotetramer serves as the outer coat in the COPII complex, which mediates protein trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi apparatus. Although it has been studied in depth in yeast and cultured cells, the role of COPII in organogenesis in a multicellular organism has not. We ...
Wang Yue - - 2012
It has been widely reported that Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is overexpressed in the serum and ascites of ovarian cancer (OVCA) patients, and elevated IL-6 level correlates with poor prognosis and survival. However, the exact role that IL-6 plays in this malignancy or whether IL-6 can regulate tumorigenic properties has not been ...
Neufeld Thomas P - - 2012
As a response to nutrient deprivation and other cell stresses, autophagy is often induced in the context of reduced or arrested cell growth. A plethora of signaling molecules and pathways have been shown to have opposing effects on cell growth and autophagy, and results of recent functional screens on a ...
Blandino-Rosano Manuel - - 2012
The capacity of β cells to expand in response to insulin resistance is a critical factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. Proliferation of β cells is a major component for these adaptive responses in animal models. The extracellular signals responsible for β-cell expansion include growth factors, such as ...
Patel Ashish S AS King's College London, BHF Centre of Research Excellence & NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at King's Health Partners, Academic Department of Surgery, St Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, United - - 2012
Therapeutic neovascularisation using angiogenic cells has been hampered by the loss of cells from the target tissue. Encapsulation of these cells within a semi-permeable membrane could improve their retention within the ischaemic tissue without affecting the excretion of the angiogenic growth factors produced. Bio-spraying is a novel cell-handling technique that ...
Elshazley Momen M Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Aichi, - - 2012
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a highly aggressive neoplasm arising from the mesothelial cells lining the parietal pleura and it exhibits poor prognosis. Although there has been significant progress in MPM treatment, development of more efficient therapeutic approaches is needed. BMAL1 is a core component of the circadian clock machinery ...
Clément-Schatlo Virginie V Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Service of Neurosurgery, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil, 4, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2012
Evidence has emerged that the initiation and growth of gliomas is sustained by a subpopulation of cancer-initiating cells (CICs). Because of the difficulty of using markers to tag CICs in gliomas, we have previously exploited more robust phenotypic characteristics, including a specific morphology and intrincic autofluorescence, to identify and isolate ...
Muller P A J PA The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Glasgow, - - 2013
Tumour-derived mutant p53 proteins promote invasion, in part, by enhancing Rab coupling protein (RCP)-dependent receptor recycling. Here we identified MET as an RCP-binding protein and showed that mutant p53 promoted MET recycling. Mutant p53-expressing cells were more sensitive to hepatocyte growth factor, the ligand for MET, leading to enhanced MET ...
Yano Masato - - 2012
The transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family members, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and TGF-β that signal via the receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) induce bone formation in vivo. The inhibitory Smads (I-Smads), Smad6 and Smad7, negatively regulate TGF-β family ligand signaling by competing with R-Smads for binding to activated type I receptors, and ...
Feng Chenzhuo - - 2012
Regulatory factor X (RFX) proteins are transcription factors. Seven mammalian RFX proteins have been identified. RFX1 is the prototype RFX. However, its biological functions are not known. Here, RFX1 overexpression reduced fetal bovine serum-stimulated proliferation of SH-SY5Y cells, a human neuroblastoma cell line. This inhibition is associated with decreased transforming ...
Bragança de Moraes Cristina Machado - - 2012
The phenolic compounds present in cocoa seeds have been studied regarding health benefits, such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Fibrosis is a wound healing response that occurs in almost all patients with chronic liver injury. A large number of cytokines and soluble intercellular mediators are related to changes in the ...
Sato Atsuki - - 2012
Nestin expression reportedly correlates with aggressive growth, metastasis, poor prognosis and presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in various tumors. In this study, we determined the expression and role of nestin in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer. We performed immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization analyses of nestin in 26 ...
Mai Hoa Bach Thi - - 2012
The proline analog cis-4-hydroxy-l-proline (CHOP), which inhibits the biosynthesis of collagen, has been evaluated as an anticancer, antifibrosis, and antihypertension drug. However, its water solubility and low molecular weight limit its therapeutic potential since it is rapidly excreted. In addition, CHOP is considered to be too toxic due primarily to ...
Kitayoshi Misaho - - 2012
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors belong to G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors (LPA receptors; LPA(1) to LPA(6)). They indicate a variety of cellular response by the interaction with LPA, including cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. Recently, we have reported that constitutive active mutated LPA(1) induced the strong biological effects of rat neuroblastoma ...
Wang Yue - - 2012
It has been shown that IL-8 is elevated in ovarian cyst fluid, ascites, serum, and tumor tissue from ovarian cancer (OVCA) patients, and increased IL-8 expression correlates with poor prognosis and survival. However, the exact role that IL-8 plays in this malignancy or whether IL-8 can regulate malignant behavior has ...
Satoh Kimihiko - - 2012
We investigated the process of induction of preneoplastic cells positive for glutathione S-transferase P-form (GST-P) in the rat liver. AAF (2-Acetylaminofluorene) mixed with normal rat chow at high concentration (0.04%) induced 517,000±86,000 GST-P(+) single hepatocytes/g liver after 2 weeks followed by induction of a few foci and nodules after 4-6 ...
Pollard Luther W - - 2012
Cell morphogenesis is a complex process that relies on a diverse array of proteins and pathways. We have identified a transglutaminase-like protein (Cyk3p) that functions in fission yeast morphogenesis. The phenotype of a cyk3 knockout strain indicates a primary role for Cyk3p in cytokinesis. Correspondingly, Cyk3p localizes both to the ...
Szarama Katherine B - - 2012
Correct patterning of the inner ear sensory epithelium is essential for the conversion of sound waves into auditory stimuli. Although much is known about the impact of the developing cytoskeleton on cellular growth and cell shape, considerably less is known about the role of cytoskeletal structures on cell surface mechanical ...
Burns Joseph C - - 2012
The regeneration of mechanoreceptive hair cells occurs throughout life in non-mammalian vertebrates and allows them to recover from hearing and balance deficits that affect humans and other mammals permanently. The irreversibility of comparable deficits in mammals remains unexplained, but often has been attributed to steep embryonic declines in cellular production. ...
Kelly Michael C - - 2012
Hearing impairment due to the loss of sensory hair cells is permanent in humans. Considerable interest targets the hair cell differentiation factor Atoh1 as a potential tool with which to promote hair cell regeneration. We generated a novel mouse model to direct the expression of Atoh1 in a spatially and ...
Chen Mengfei - - 2012
Generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from somatic cells by defined factors is a mechanism-unknown, yet extremely time-consuming process. Inefficient reprogramming leads to prolonged periods of in vitro iPSC selection, resulting in subtle genetic and epigenetic abnormalities. To facilitate pluripotent reprogramming, we have identified the thyroid hormone triiodothyronine (T3) as ...
Hutton Daphne L - - 2012
Adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASCs) are a promising cell source for vascular-based approaches to clinical therapeutics, as they have been shown to give rise to both endothelial and perivascular cells. While it is well known that ASCs can present a heterogeneous phenotypic profile, spontaneous interactions among these subpopulations that result in ...
Aguiari Gianluca G Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Ferrara, via Fossato di Mortara, 74, 44121 Ferrara, Italy. - - 2012
In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), renal cyst development and enlargement, as well as cell growth, are associated with alterations in several pathways, including cAMP and activator protein 1 (AP1) signalling. However, the precise mechanism by which these molecules stimulate cell proliferation is not yet fully understood. We now ...
Bini Francesca - - 2012
1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), a crucial regulator of calcium/phosphorus homeostasis, has important physiological effects on growth and differentiation in a variety of malignant and non-malignant cells. Synthetic structural hormone analogues, with lower hypercalcemic side effects, are currently under clinical investigation. Sphingolipids appear to be crucial bioactive factors in the control of ...
Ma Brigette B Y - - 2012
This study evaluated the preclinical activity of selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142866), an inhibitor of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK or MEK1/2) in 6 nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) cell lines. Selumetinib could achieve up to 90 % inhibition of cell growth with the respective IC(50) values in NPC cell lines as follow: HK1 = 0.04 μM, ...
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