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Marvin Rebecca G RG Department of Chemistry and Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2012
Dynamic fluxes in the concentration of ions and small molecules are fundamental features of cell signaling, differentiation, and development. Similar roles for fluxes in transition metal concentrations are less well established. Here, we show that massive zinc fluxes are essential in the infection cycle of an intracellular eukaryotic parasite. Using ...
You Bo Ra - - 2012
Zebularine (Zeb) as a DNA methyltrasferase (DNMT) inhibitor has various cellular effects such as cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of Zeb on the growth and death of HeLa cervical cancer cells. Zeb inhibited the growth of HeLa cells with an IC(50) of ...
Ruppert Shannon M - - 2012
Bim is a BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 family that enables the death of T-cells. Partial rescue of cytokine-deprived T-cells occurs when Bim and the receptor for the T-cell growth factor, interleukin-7, are deleted, implicating Bim as a possible target of interleukin-7-mediated signaling. Alternative splicing yields three major isoforms: BimEL, ...
Sagner Andreas - - 2012
Epithelial tissues develop planar polarity that is reflected in the global alignment of hairs and cilia with respect to the tissue axes. The planar cell polarity (PCP) proteins form asymmetric and polarized domains across epithelial junctions that are aligned locally between cells and orient these external structures [1-3]. Although feedback ...
Zhu Junyong - - 2012
The antitumor effects of Indo-3-carbinol (I3C) have been proven in many human carcinoma cells. However, the roles of 3,3-diindolylmethane (DIM), an important polymer converted from I3C under pH 5.0-7.0, on the growth and proliferation of cervical cancer HeLa and SiHa cells still remain unrevealed. In the present study, we investigated ...
Bucaro Michael A - - 2012
Nanobiomaterials are introducing new capabilities to coordinate cell selection, growth, morphology, and differentiation. Herein, we report that tuning the geometry of ordered arrays of nanopillars (NP) elicits specialized morphologies in adherent cells. Systematic analysis of the effects of the NP radius, height, and spacing reveals that stem cells assume either ...
Zhang Yunxin - - 2012
A water-soluble polysaccharide (WATP), with a molecular weight of 6.3×10(4) Da, was isolated from Aster tataricus. According to gas chromatography (GC) analysis, WATP was composed of galactose, glucose, fucose, rhamnose, arabinose and mannose with molar ratios of 2.1:1.3:0.9:0.5:0.3:0.6. The effects of WATP on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human gastric ...
Milia-Argeiti E - - 2012
The histological classification of testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs) to seminoma or non-seminomatous germ cell tumours is at present the main criterion for the clinical outcome and selection of the treatment strategy. In view of the need to identify novel prognostic biomarkers for TGCTs, we investigated the expression of the ...
Niu Xiaoge - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Apogossypolone (ApoG2), a new derivative of gossypol, is a potent cell-growth inhibitor. ApoG2 has been demonstrated to have superior anti-tumor activity than gossypol in Bcl-2 transgenic mice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of ApoG2 on breast cancer cell line MCF-7 in vitro and in ...
Ansari K I - - 2012
Mixed lineage leukaemia-4 (MLL4) is one of the MLL family of histone H3 lysine-4 (H3K4)-specific methyl transferases that have critical roles in gene expression and epigenetics in human. Though MLLs are well recognised as crucial players in histone methylation and gene regulation; little is known about the biochemical functions of ...
Lee Byung-Cheon - - 2012
According to Bonghan Kim's theory of anatomical reality for acupuncture meridians, DNA microgranules known as Sanals are key functional components in the primo vascular system (formerly the Bonghan system). To investigate this issue, we developed a new system, an incubator bound to a phase-contrast microscope, in which we cultivated and ...
Dewan Alim - - 2012
We investigated growth kinetics of microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris, in immobilized arrays of nanoliter-scale microfluidic drops. These static drop arrays enabled simultaneous monitoring of growth of single as well as multiple cells encapsulated in individual droplets. To monitor the growth, individual drop volumes were kept nearly intact for more than a ...
Nikitovic Dragana - - 2012
Proteoglycans (PGs), glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and hyaluronan as a free GAG, have unique structural characteristics which enable them via specific interactions with matrix proteins and cell surface receptors to regulate key tumor cell functions and thus to affect cancer growth and progression. This article explores the many layers of interdependent signaling ...
Yu Jian-Qing - - 2012
Alantolactone, a sesquiterpene lactone, possesses anti-inflammatory property. In this study, we provide evidence that it could be developed as a novel agent against human liver cancer. We observed that alantolactone treatment to HepG2, Bel-7402 and SMMC-7721 cells, human liver cancer cell lines resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth. ...
Xu Xi-Ming - - 2012
Background/Aims: EMT plays an essential role in tumor progression and metastasis. Hyperthermia is a potent approach for cancers with low side effects. However, the effect of hyperthermia on EMT of cancer cells is unknown. Methodology: Cells were treated with TGF-β1 and epidermal growth factor for 96h and then exposed to ...
Sharma Yashpal - - 2012
Electrospinning is a versatile method to fabricate nanofibers of a range of polymeric and composite materials suitable as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. In this study, we report the fabrication and charaterization of polyaniline-carbon nanotube/poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-methacrylic acid (PANI-CNT/PNIPAm-co-MAA) composite nanofibers and PNIPAm-co-MAA nanofibers suitable as a three-dimensional (3D) conducting smart ...
Kjartansdóttir Kristín Rós - - 2012
Establishing a model for in vitro differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) towards the germ cell lineage could be used to identify molecular mechanisms behind germ cell differentiation that may help in understanding human infertility. Here, we evaluate whether a lack of exogenous fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is ...
Kuwata Ryusei - - 2012
We established a continuous cell line from the embryo of the mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae), a known major vector of the Japanese encephalitis virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus) in Asia. The cell line, designated NIID-CTR, was serially subcultured in VP-12 medium supplemented with 10 % heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum ...
Wang Peng - - 2012
Glioma is one of the most malignant tumors in the central nervous system. As a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) activator, the thiazolidinediones (TZDs) induce growth arrest and cell death in a broad spectrum of tumor cells. In this study, we investigated the role of rosiglitazone in glioma cells. We ...
O'Kusky John - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling greatly impacts the development and growth of the central nervous system (CNS). IGF-I and IGF-II, two ligands of the IGF system, exert a wide variety of actions both during development and in adulthood, promoting the survival and proliferation of neural cells. The IGFs also influence ...
Palacios-Corona Rebeca - - 2012
This study seeks to determine whether the relative levels of attachment to galectins 1 and 3 of cells from thyroid tissues embedded in paraffin blocks can differentiate thyroid tumors from normal tissues. A total of 48 thyroid paraffin sample blocks from 4 groups of patients were analyzed: 12 samples served ...
Zhang Yi - - 2012
Natural compounds are a great source of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Our investigation indicates that waltonitone, a triterpene extracted from medicinal plants, inhibits the proliferation of A549 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Waltonitone induced apoptosis of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, as determined by fluorescence microscopy and flow ...
Chen Wei - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Microtubules have been one of the most effective targets for the development of anticancer agents. Cancer cells treated by these agents are characterized by cell arrest at G2/M phase. Microtubule-targeting drugs are, therefore, referred to as antimitotic agents. However, the clinical application of the current antimitotic drugs is ...
Bose Mayil Vahanan - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To find the radiation sensitivity of Human cervical carcinoma cell lines and to investigate the effect of dominant negative - Ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2C (DN-UBE2C) on cell proliferation and radiation response. Materials and methods: Radiation sensitivities of human cervical cell lines (SiHa, HeLa, BU25TK, ME 180, and C33A) ...
Greene Lisa M - - 2012
Recent clinical data demonstrated that the vascular targeting agent Combretastatin-A4 phosphate (CA-4P) prolonged survival of patients with advanced anaplastic thyroid cancer without any adverse side effects. However, as a single agent CA-4 failed to reduce tumour growth in the murine CT-26 adenocarcinoma colon cancer model. Furthermore, the molecular mechanism of ...
Szymanowska-Pułka Joanna - - 2012
During lateral root development a new meristem is formed within the mother root body. The main objective of this work was to simulate lateral root formation in Arabidopsis thaliana and to study a potential role of the principal directions in this process. Lateral root growth is anisotropic, so that three ...
Koeberle Andreas - - 2012
Controversial correlations between biological activity and concentration of the novel lipokine palmitoleate (9Z-hexadecenoate, 16:1) might depend on the formation of an active 16:1 metabolite. For its identification, we analyzed the glycerophospholipid composition of mouse Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts in response to 16:1 using LC-MS/MS. 16:1 was either supplemented to the cell ...
Roy Soumit S Department of Developmental and Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, - - 2012
Black-pearl (Blp) is a highly conserved, essential inner-mitochondrial membrane protein. The yeast Blp homologue, Magmas/Pam16, is required for mitochondrial protein transport, growth, and survival. Our purpose was to determine the role of Drosophila Blp in mitochondrial function, cell survival, and proliferation. To this end, we performed mitotic recombination in Drosophila ...
Fang Ting-Ting - - 2012
Quantum dots (QDs) have a great potential for applications in nanomedicine. However, a few studies showed that they also exhibited toxicity. We used Escherichia coli (E. coli) as the model to study the effect of CdTe QDs on the cell growth by microcalorimetric technique, optical density (OD(600)) and attenuated total ...
Cui Lanyu - - 2012
Cyclodextrin has been found to be an attractive novel solubilizer due to its unique material properties. Absidia coerulea is widely used in steroid bioconversion. The effects of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) on the growth, morphology, and steroid-converting activity of A. coerulea CICC 40302 were systematically studied. HP-β-CD affected A. coerulea growth, resulting ...
Kitayoshi Misaho - - 2012
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors belong to G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors and mediate a variety of cellular responses through the binding of LPA. So far, six types of LPA receptors (LPA receptor-1 (LPA(1)) to LPA(6)) have been identified. Recently, it has been demonstrated that each LPA receptor has opposite effects on ...
Chim Harvey - - 2012
The clinical translation of tissue engineering approaches is limited by the requirement of a cell source. Cell guidance is a new concept that provides an alternative approach, obviating a requirement for an external cell source. This relies on site-specific homing and differentiation of the patient's own cells to an implanted ...
Miyake Naomi - - 2012
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key kinase acting downstream of growth factor receptor PI3K and AKT signaling, leading to processes resulting in increased cell size and proliferation through translation control. Rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of mTOR, results predominately in G1 cell cycle arrest through translation control and ...
Juan Guo - - 2012
Tert-butyl-2(4,5-dihydrogen-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-3-O-1H-imidazole-3-cationic-1-oxyl-2-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic ester (L-NNP) is a stable nitroxyl nitroxide radical, which have displayed cytotoxicity on human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines. In the present study, we investigated the selective cytotoxicity of L-NNP on isogenetic human hepatoma HepG2 and normal L-02 cell lines. Cell growth inhibition, intracellular reactive oxygen species ...
Atsumi Satoru - - 2012
The poliovirus receptor CD155, is essential for poliovirus to infect and induce death in neural cells. Recently, CD155 has been shown to be selectively expressed on certain types of tumor cells originating from the neural crest, including malignant glioma and neuroblastoma. However, the expression pattern of CD155 in soft tissue ...
Caporali Simona - - 2012
We previously demonstrated that PHA-848125, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor presently under Phase II clinical investigation, impairs melanoma cell growth. In this study, gene expression profiling showed that PHA-848125 significantly modulated the expression of 128 genes, predominantly involved in cell cycle control, in the highly drug-sensitive GL-Mel (p53 wild-type) melanoma cells. ...
Quilès Fabienne - - 2012
Glycogen is mainly found as the principal storage form of glucose in cells. Many bacteria are able to synthesize large amounts of glycogen under unfavorable life conditions. By combining infrared spectroscopy, Single Molecule Force Spectroscopy (SMFS) and immuno-staining technique, we evidenced that planktonic P. fluorescens (Pf) cells are also able ...
Yang Yanyan - - 2012
Context:Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met signaling has been implicated in mammalian placental development. Integral c-Met can be released from endothelial cell membrane by proteolysis to form a soluble, truncated protein [soluble Met (sMet)], which is biochemically able to bind HGF and may disrupt HGF/c-Met signaling. By far, production of sMet in ...
McCluskey Anthony G - - 2012
Targeted radiotherapy using (131)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG) has produced remissions in some neuroblastoma patients. We previously reported that combining (131)I-MIBG with the topoisomerase I inhibitor topotecan induced long-term DNA damage and supraadditive toxicity to noradrenaline transporter (NAT)-expressing cells and xenografts. This combination treatment is undergoing clinical evaluation. This present study investigated the ...
Serra Maria Paola - - 2012
In the retrorsine (RS)-based model of massive liver repopulation, preexposure to this naturally occurring alkaloid is sufficient to prime normal host parenchymal cells to be slowly replaced by transplanted normal hepatocytes. The basis for this striking effect is yet to be fully elucidated. In the present studies the possible involvement ...
Li Jun-yang JY Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, - - 2012
To examine the effects of anisomycin on glioma cells and the related mechanisms in vitro. The U251 and U87 human glioblastoma cell lines were tested. The growth of the cells was analyzed using a CCK-8 cell viability assay. Apoptosis was detected using a flow cytometry assay. The expression of proteins ...
Besser Manuela - - 2012
The retina represents an ideal model system for studying developmental processes during morphogenesis. The knowledge of the precise regulation and combination of genetic pre-dispositions and environmental circumstances enables the understanding of pathologies and the subsequent development or/and improvement of therapeutic strategies. This study focused on the functional analysis of the ...
Su Zhipeng - - 2012
Nerve growth factor (NGF) can increase expression of dopamine 2 receptors (D2R) in GH3 rat pituitary tumor cells (GH3 cells). As D2R exists in long (D2L) and short (D2S) isoforms, effects of NGF on D2R subtypes have not been accurately evaluated. In this study, we compared mRNA levels of D2R ...
Guo-Parke Hong - - 2012
Formation of pseudoislets from rodent cell lines has provided a particularly useful model to study homotypic islet cell interactions and insulin secretion. This study aimed to extend this research to generate and characterize, for the first time, functional human pseudoislets comprised of the recently described electrofusion-derived insulin-secreting 1.1B4 human beta ...
Kelly Catherine J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: [18F] Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography ([18F]FDG-PET) is widely used to monitor response to therapy in the clinic and has, more recently, been proposed as an early marker of long term response. This relies on the assumption that a change in glucose consumption parallels a reduction in viability and long ...
Habib Abdella M AM Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Wellcome Trust/Medical Research Council Building, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Box 139, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0XY, United - - 2012
The intestine secretes a range of hormones with important local and distant actions, including the control of insulin secretion and appetite. A number of enteroendocrine cell types have been described, each characterized by a distinct hormonal signature, such as K-cells producing glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), L-cells producing glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), ...
Hung Shih-Han - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of all-trans retinoid acid (ATRA) on two nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) cell lines and to evaluate the synergistic effect of ATRA used in combination with cisplatin, a standard chemotherapeutic agent for NPC. Two NPC cell lines (NPC-TW01 and NPC-TW04) were used, ...
Sadeghipour Razmin - - 2012
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of 100 and 217 Hz extremely low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (ELF-PEMF) on cell proliferation, actin reorganization, and ROS generation in a human breast carcinoma cells (T47D). Cells were exposed for 24-72 h, at 100 and 217 Hz, 0.1 mT. The treatment ...
Fei Hong-Rong - - 2012
In this study, we investigate the anti-cancer activity of caudatin in carcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cell line A549 and anti-angiogenic activity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We show that caudatin impairs the cell viability and induces G(0) /G(1) phase arrest in A549 cells with a dose dependent ...
Zhan Lijuan - - 2012
The nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) serves as a master regulator in cellular defense against oxidative stress and chemical detoxification. However, persistent activation of NRF2 resulting from mutations in NRF2 and/or downregulation of or mutations in its suppressor, Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1), is associated with tumorigenicity and chemoresistance of ...
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