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Results 251 - 300 of 4289
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Khaw Aik Kia - - 2012
Genistein, a soy isoflavone, has been reported to exhibit multiple effects, such as inducing cell cycle arrest, triggering apoptosis, inhibiting the activation of NF(K) B and inactivating several signaling cascades in human cancer cells. In vivo studies demonstrating antiangiogenesis and antimetastatic effects of genistein have also been reported. Here, we ...
Ishibashi Koutaro - - 2012
Autophagy is a bulk degradation system in all eukaryotic cells and regulates a variety of biological activities in higher eukaryotes. Recently involvement of autophagy in the regulation of the secretory pathway has also been reported, but the molecular mechanism linking autophagy with the secretory pathway remains largely unknown. Here we ...
Sun Zhi - - 2012
We have developed a porcine intestine epithelial cell line, designated SD-PJEC for the propagation of influenza viruses. The SD-PJEC cell line is a subclone of the IPEC-J2 cell line, which was originally derived from newborn piglet jejunum. Our results demonstrate that SD-PJEC is a cell line of epithelial origin that ...
Beck Carolin C Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Ismaninger Straße 22, 81675 München, - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the role of the kallikrein-kinin-system in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and its implication on tumour survival, invasion, migration and response to radiotherapy. The expression of BKB2R was studied in a series of 180 tumour samples to determine the functional significance of BKB2R ...
Krohn Nadia Graciele - - 2012
Unlike in animals, female gametes of flowering plants are not the direct products of meiosis but develop from a functional megaspore after three rounds of free mitotic divisions. After nuclei migration and positioning, the eight-nucleate syncytium differentiates into the embryo sac, which contains two female gametes as well as accessory ...
Li Chen - - 2012
Elements of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) are expressed by islet endocrine cells and activation of CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors regulates insulin secretion from mouse and human β-cells. The current study aimed to investigate the expression and function, in mouse and human β-cells, of monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL), an enzyme that ...
Sen Suvajit - - 2012
We assessed the catalase bioactivity and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) production rate in human breast cancer (HBC) cell lines and compared these with normal human breast epithelial (HBE) cells. We observed that the bioactivity of catalase was decreased in HBC cells when compared with HBE cells. This was also accompanied by ...
Ji Xiangming X Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that play critical roles in regulating various cellular functions by transcriptional silencing. miRNAs can function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressors (oncomirs), depending on cancer types. In our study, using miRNA microarray, we observed that downregulation of the Notch-1 pathway, by delta-tocotrienol, correlated with ...
Shin Ji-Ae - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the apoptotic activities and molecular mechanisms of methanol extracts of Dianthus chinensis (MEDC) and Acalypha australis L. (MEAL) in human oral cancer cells. METHODS: The apoptotic effects and related molecular mechanisms of MEDC and MEAL on oral cancer cells were evaluated ...
Lin Ling-Ying - - 2012
The high biological activity of dehydroabietylamine derivatives has been reported previously. In this study, we aimed to screen 73 dehydroabietylamine derivatives as potential candidate inhibitors in liver cancer cells. Initially, the compounds structure activity relationship analysis was explored and N-benzoyl-12- nitrodehydroabietylamine -7-one (compound 81) was shown to have significant growth ...
Vukojevic Katarina - - 2012
The markers of cell proliferation (Ki-67) and apoptosis [caspase-3, TdT-mediated biotin-dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL)] and the expression of syndecan-1 and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) were analyzed immunohistochemically in 11 developing human palates, from developmental weeks 6 to 10. During fusion of the primary palate, the proportion of proliferating cells ...
Huderson B P - - 2012
Elevated phosphorylation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) at serines 118 (S118) and 167 (S167) is associated with favorable outcome for tamoxifen adjuvant therapy and may serve as surrogate markers for a functional ERα signaling pathway in breast cancer. It is possible that loss of phosphorylation at S118 and/or S167 could ...
Wei Tong-You Wade - - 2012
Increasing evidence suggests that PRMT5, a protein arginine methyltransferase, is involved in tumorigenesis. However, no systematic research has demonstrated the cell-transforming activity of PRMT5. We investigated the involvement of PRMT5 in tumor formation. First, we showed that PRMT5 was associated with many human cancers, through statistical analysis of microarray data ...
Leone Vincenza - - 2012
Context:MicroRNA (miRNA or miR) have emerged as an important class of short endogenous RNA that act as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and have a critical role in cell proliferation and differentiation.Objectives:The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of miRNA in the proliferation of differentiated thyroid cells ...
Nasu Yuichiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is essential for epithelial restitution, a process in which epithelial cells rapidly migrate to cover desquamated epithelium after mucosal injury in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the HGF-mediated reconstitution of gastric epithelial structures by analyzing the ...
Chang Nai-Jen - - 2012
Tissue engineering provides a new strategy for repairing damaged cartilage. Surface and mechanical properties of scaffolds play important roles in inducing cell growth.
Aim: The aim of this study was to fabricate and characterize PLGA and gelatin/hyaluronic acid-treated PLGA (PLGA-GH) sponge scaffolds for articular cartilage tissue engineering. Methods: The PLGA-GH scaffolds ...
Wagner-Herman Jennifer K - - 2012
During sporulation, Bacillus subtilis redeploys the division protein FtsZ from midcell to the cell poles, ultimately generating an asymmetric septum. Here, we describe a sporulation-induced protein, RefZ, that facilitates the switch from a medial to a polar FtsZ ring placement. The artificial expression of RefZ during vegetative growth converts FtsZ ...
Marvin Rebecca G RG Department of Chemistry and Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2012
Dynamic fluxes in the concentration of ions and small molecules are fundamental features of cell signaling, differentiation, and development. Similar roles for fluxes in transition metal concentrations are less well established. Here, we show that massive zinc fluxes are essential in the infection cycle of an intracellular eukaryotic parasite. Using ...
You Bo Ra - - 2012
Zebularine (Zeb) as a DNA methyltrasferase (DNMT) inhibitor has various cellular effects such as cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of Zeb on the growth and death of HeLa cervical cancer cells. Zeb inhibited the growth of HeLa cells with an IC(50) of ...
Ruppert Shannon M - - 2012
Bim is a BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 family that enables the death of T-cells. Partial rescue of cytokine-deprived T-cells occurs when Bim and the receptor for the T-cell growth factor, interleukin-7, are deleted, implicating Bim as a possible target of interleukin-7-mediated signaling. Alternative splicing yields three major isoforms: BimEL, ...
Sagner Andreas - - 2012
Epithelial tissues develop planar polarity that is reflected in the global alignment of hairs and cilia with respect to the tissue axes. The planar cell polarity (PCP) proteins form asymmetric and polarized domains across epithelial junctions that are aligned locally between cells and orient these external structures [1-3]. Although feedback ...
Zhu Junyong - - 2012
The antitumor effects of Indo-3-carbinol (I3C) have been proven in many human carcinoma cells. However, the roles of 3,3-diindolylmethane (DIM), an important polymer converted from I3C under pH 5.0-7.0, on the growth and proliferation of cervical cancer HeLa and SiHa cells still remain unrevealed. In the present study, we investigated ...
Bucaro Michael A - - 2012
Nanobiomaterials are introducing new capabilities to coordinate cell selection, growth, morphology, and differentiation. Herein, we report that tuning the geometry of ordered arrays of nanopillars (NP) elicits specialized morphologies in adherent cells. Systematic analysis of the effects of the NP radius, height, and spacing reveals that stem cells assume either ...
Zhang Yunxin - - 2012
A water-soluble polysaccharide (WATP), with a molecular weight of 6.3×10(4) Da, was isolated from Aster tataricus. According to gas chromatography (GC) analysis, WATP was composed of galactose, glucose, fucose, rhamnose, arabinose and mannose with molar ratios of 2.1:1.3:0.9:0.5:0.3:0.6. The effects of WATP on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human gastric ...
Milia-Argeiti E - - 2012
The histological classification of testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs) to seminoma or non-seminomatous germ cell tumours is at present the main criterion for the clinical outcome and selection of the treatment strategy. In view of the need to identify novel prognostic biomarkers for TGCTs, we investigated the expression of the ...
Niu Xiaoge - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Apogossypolone (ApoG2), a new derivative of gossypol, is a potent cell-growth inhibitor. ApoG2 has been demonstrated to have superior anti-tumor activity than gossypol in Bcl-2 transgenic mice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of ApoG2 on breast cancer cell line MCF-7 in vitro and in ...
Ansari K I - - 2012
Mixed lineage leukaemia-4 (MLL4) is one of the MLL family of histone H3 lysine-4 (H3K4)-specific methyl transferases that have critical roles in gene expression and epigenetics in human. Though MLLs are well recognised as crucial players in histone methylation and gene regulation; little is known about the biochemical functions of ...
Lee Byung-Cheon - - 2012
According to Bonghan Kim's theory of anatomical reality for acupuncture meridians, DNA microgranules known as Sanals are key functional components in the primo vascular system (formerly the Bonghan system). To investigate this issue, we developed a new system, an incubator bound to a phase-contrast microscope, in which we cultivated and ...
Dewan Alim - - 2012
We investigated growth kinetics of microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris, in immobilized arrays of nanoliter-scale microfluidic drops. These static drop arrays enabled simultaneous monitoring of growth of single as well as multiple cells encapsulated in individual droplets. To monitor the growth, individual drop volumes were kept nearly intact for more than a ...
Nikitovic Dragana - - 2012
Proteoglycans (PGs), glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and hyaluronan as a free GAG, have unique structural characteristics which enable them via specific interactions with matrix proteins and cell surface receptors to regulate key tumor cell functions and thus to affect cancer growth and progression. This article explores the many layers of interdependent signaling ...
Yu Jian-Qing - - 2012
Alantolactone, a sesquiterpene lactone, possesses anti-inflammatory property. In this study, we provide evidence that it could be developed as a novel agent against human liver cancer. We observed that alantolactone treatment to HepG2, Bel-7402 and SMMC-7721 cells, human liver cancer cell lines resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth. ...
Xu Xi-Ming - - 2012
Background/Aims: EMT plays an essential role in tumor progression and metastasis. Hyperthermia is a potent approach for cancers with low side effects. However, the effect of hyperthermia on EMT of cancer cells is unknown. Methodology: Cells were treated with TGF-β1 and epidermal growth factor for 96h and then exposed to ...
Sharma Yashpal - - 2012
Electrospinning is a versatile method to fabricate nanofibers of a range of polymeric and composite materials suitable as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. In this study, we report the fabrication and charaterization of polyaniline-carbon nanotube/poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-methacrylic acid (PANI-CNT/PNIPAm-co-MAA) composite nanofibers and PNIPAm-co-MAA nanofibers suitable as a three-dimensional (3D) conducting smart ...
Kjartansdóttir Kristín Rós - - 2012
Establishing a model for in vitro differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) towards the germ cell lineage could be used to identify molecular mechanisms behind germ cell differentiation that may help in understanding human infertility. Here, we evaluate whether a lack of exogenous fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is ...
Kuwata Ryusei - - 2012
We established a continuous cell line from the embryo of the mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae), a known major vector of the Japanese encephalitis virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus) in Asia. The cell line, designated NIID-CTR, was serially subcultured in VP-12 medium supplemented with 10 % heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum ...
Wang Peng - - 2012
Glioma is one of the most malignant tumors in the central nervous system. As a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) activator, the thiazolidinediones (TZDs) induce growth arrest and cell death in a broad spectrum of tumor cells. In this study, we investigated the role of rosiglitazone in glioma cells. We ...
O'Kusky John - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling greatly impacts the development and growth of the central nervous system (CNS). IGF-I and IGF-II, two ligands of the IGF system, exert a wide variety of actions both during development and in adulthood, promoting the survival and proliferation of neural cells. The IGFs also influence ...
Palacios-Corona Rebeca - - 2012
This study seeks to determine whether the relative levels of attachment to galectins 1 and 3 of cells from thyroid tissues embedded in paraffin blocks can differentiate thyroid tumors from normal tissues. A total of 48 thyroid paraffin sample blocks from 4 groups of patients were analyzed: 12 samples served ...
Zhang Yi - - 2012
Natural compounds are a great source of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Our investigation indicates that waltonitone, a triterpene extracted from medicinal plants, inhibits the proliferation of A549 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Waltonitone induced apoptosis of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, as determined by fluorescence microscopy and flow ...
Chen Wei - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Microtubules have been one of the most effective targets for the development of anticancer agents. Cancer cells treated by these agents are characterized by cell arrest at G2/M phase. Microtubule-targeting drugs are, therefore, referred to as antimitotic agents. However, the clinical application of the current antimitotic drugs is ...
Bose Mayil Vahanan - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To find the radiation sensitivity of Human cervical carcinoma cell lines and to investigate the effect of dominant negative - Ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2C (DN-UBE2C) on cell proliferation and radiation response. Materials and methods: Radiation sensitivities of human cervical cell lines (SiHa, HeLa, BU25TK, ME 180, and C33A) ...
Greene Lisa M - - 2012
Recent clinical data demonstrated that the vascular targeting agent Combretastatin-A4 phosphate (CA-4P) prolonged survival of patients with advanced anaplastic thyroid cancer without any adverse side effects. However, as a single agent CA-4 failed to reduce tumour growth in the murine CT-26 adenocarcinoma colon cancer model. Furthermore, the molecular mechanism of ...
Szymanowska-Pułka Joanna - - 2012
During lateral root development a new meristem is formed within the mother root body. The main objective of this work was to simulate lateral root formation in Arabidopsis thaliana and to study a potential role of the principal directions in this process. Lateral root growth is anisotropic, so that three ...
Koeberle Andreas - - 2012
Controversial correlations between biological activity and concentration of the novel lipokine palmitoleate (9Z-hexadecenoate, 16:1) might depend on the formation of an active 16:1 metabolite. For its identification, we analyzed the glycerophospholipid composition of mouse Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts in response to 16:1 using LC-MS/MS. 16:1 was either supplemented to the cell ...
Roy Soumit S Department of Developmental and Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, - - 2012
Black-pearl (Blp) is a highly conserved, essential inner-mitochondrial membrane protein. The yeast Blp homologue, Magmas/Pam16, is required for mitochondrial protein transport, growth, and survival. Our purpose was to determine the role of Drosophila Blp in mitochondrial function, cell survival, and proliferation. To this end, we performed mitotic recombination in Drosophila ...
Fang Ting-Ting - - 2012
Quantum dots (QDs) have a great potential for applications in nanomedicine. However, a few studies showed that they also exhibited toxicity. We used Escherichia coli (E. coli) as the model to study the effect of CdTe QDs on the cell growth by microcalorimetric technique, optical density (OD(600)) and attenuated total ...
Cui Lanyu - - 2012
Cyclodextrin has been found to be an attractive novel solubilizer due to its unique material properties. Absidia coerulea is widely used in steroid bioconversion. The effects of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) on the growth, morphology, and steroid-converting activity of A. coerulea CICC 40302 were systematically studied. HP-β-CD affected A. coerulea growth, resulting ...
Kitayoshi Misaho - - 2012
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors belong to G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors and mediate a variety of cellular responses through the binding of LPA. So far, six types of LPA receptors (LPA receptor-1 (LPA(1)) to LPA(6)) have been identified. Recently, it has been demonstrated that each LPA receptor has opposite effects on ...
Chim Harvey - - 2012
The clinical translation of tissue engineering approaches is limited by the requirement of a cell source. Cell guidance is a new concept that provides an alternative approach, obviating a requirement for an external cell source. This relies on site-specific homing and differentiation of the patient's own cells to an implanted ...
Miyake Naomi - - 2012
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key kinase acting downstream of growth factor receptor PI3K and AKT signaling, leading to processes resulting in increased cell size and proliferation through translation control. Rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of mTOR, results predominately in G1 cell cycle arrest through translation control and ...
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