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Results 201 - 250 of 4321
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Goodyer William R - - 2012
Little is known about the mechanisms governing neonatal growth and maturation of organs. Here we demonstrate that calcineurin/Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (Cn/NFAT) signaling regulates neonatal pancreatic development in mouse and human islets. Inactivation of calcineurin b1 (Cnb1) in mouse islets impaired dense core granule biogenesis, decreased insulin secretion, and ...
Alena Kazimirova - - 2012
The in vitro genotoxicity of PLGA-PEO (poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid-polyethylene oxide copolymer) nanoparticles was assessed in TK6 cells using the comet assay as well as cytokinesis- block micronucleus (CBMN) assay. The cells were exposed to 0.12-75μg/cm(2) of PLGA-PEO nanoparticles during 2 and 24hours for analysis in the comet assay, and to 3-75μg/cm(2) ...
Lv Xiao-Jie - - 2012
The present study aimed to investigate the feasibility of isolating adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) by selecting cells that express the surface receptor CD105. Surface antigen expression of the unsorted cells was undertaken using FACS analysis. Primary adipose-derived cells were isolated. The second passage cells were incubated with anti-CD105 magnetic beads, ...
Somjen Dalia - - 2012
Background: Estrogens may enhance thyroid cancer cell growth. We have recently reported that a novel isoflavone-derived anti-estrogenic compound developed in our laboratory, the N-t-boc-hexylenediamine derivative of 7-(O)-carboxymethyl daidzein (cD-tboc), can induce apoptosis and retard growth in human thyroid carcinoma cell lines through inhibitory interaction on estrogen receptor β. Here we ...
Mazzeo Ercole - - 2012
Cell-cell contact is thought to be critically involved in mechanisms leading to radioresistance. Here, we assessed the influence of confluent compared to subconfluent cell culture conditions and the radiosensitizing ability of E-cadherin inhibition alone or in combination with C225-mediated EGFR inhibition in human squamous cell carcinoma cells. Our results show ...
Okabe Seiichi - - 2012
Hedgehog (Hh)-glioma-associated oncogene homolog (Gli) signaling is implicated in a large number of human cancers such as leukemia. In this study, we investigated the effects of the potent Hh antagonist GDC-0449 on the BCR-ABL-positive cell line OM9;22 and primary samples when leukemia cells were protected by a feeder cell line ...
Bodnarchuk Timothy W - - 2012
Cells from medulloblastoma lines do not contain detectable amounts of the basic leucine-zipper protein Zhangfei. However, we have previously shown that expression of this protein in cells of the ONS-76 and UW228 medulloblastoma lines causes the cells to stop growing and develop processes that resemble neurites. Our objective was to ...
Di Tullio Alessandro - - 2012
Our earlier work has shown that pre-B cells can be converted into macrophage-like cells by overexpression of the transcription factor C/EBPα or C/EBPβ with high efficiency. Using inducible pre-B cell lines, we have now investigated the role of cell division during C/EBP-induced reprogramming. The majority of cells reprogrammed by C/EBPα ...
D'Esposito V - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are associated with increased risk of site-specific cancers. We have investigated whether metabolic alterations at the level of adipose-derived differentiating cells may affect specific phenotypes of breast cancer cells. Growth profiles of breast cancer cell lines were evaluated in co-cultures with differentiated adipocytes or their ...
Waheed Abdul - - 2012
Fagonia indica is a small spiny shrub of great ethnopharmacological importance in folk medicine. The aqueous decoction of aerial parts is a popular remedy against various skin lesions, including cancer. We used a biological activity-guided fractionation approach to isolate the most potent fraction of the crude extract on three cancer ...
Lee Kyung-Min - - 2012
To determine the role of CD24 in breast cancer cells, we knocked down CD24 in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by retroviral delivery of shRNA. MCF-7 cells with knocked down CD24 (MCF-7 hCD24 shRNA) exhibited decreased cell proliferation and cell adhesion as compared to control MCF-7 mCD24 shRNA cells. Decreased ...
Hu Jiabo - - 2012
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are usually maintained in an undifferentiated state by co-culture with feeder cells. The feeder cells are important for the growth of hESCs. A novel spontaneously immortalizated mouse fetal liver stromal cell line, named KM3, was isolated from a 13.5‑day mouse fetal liver. In this study, we ...
Shen Jia - - 2012
NELL-1 (Nel-like molecule-1) is a secreted osteogenic growth factor first identified in human craniosynostosis (CS) patients. NELL-1 protein has been observed to promote bone and cartilage differentiation and to suppress adipogenesis in both in vitro and in vivo models. Despite these findings, the cell surface receptors of NELL-1 have remained ...
Pathirana Indunil N - - 2012
Testicular Leydig cells secrete insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) and express its receptor, RXFP2. However, the effects of INSL3 on endocrine function of Leydig cells are unknown. The present study examines the effects of INSL3 on mouse Leydig cells taking testosterone and cAMP secretions as endpoints. Leydig cells were isolated from ...
Staples Christopher J CJ Genome Stability Group, CR-UK/YCR Sheffield Cancer Research Centre, YCR Institute for Cancer Studies, Department of Oncology, University of Sheffield Medical School, - - 2012
The centrosome acts as a centre for microtubule organisation and plays crucial roles in cell polarity, migration, growth and division. Cep131 has recently been described as a basal body component essential for cilium formation, but its function in non-ciliogenic cells is unknown. We identified human Cep131 (also known as AZI1) ...
Sweeny Larissa L Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, - - 2012
Despite treatment advancements, disease-free survival of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has not significantly improved. This may be a result of tumor-fibroblasts interactions providing protective pathways for oncogenic cells to resist therapy. Further understanding of these relationships in HNSCC may improve effectiveness of targeted therapies. In this article, ...
Hamalainen-Laanaya H K - - 2012
We report the use of resazurin (AlamarBlue(®)) dye in a robust assay for cell viability of primary cells. Human mononuclear cells were used here for immunological studies, but the method can be applied to monitor reduction potential of any living cell. Reduction of AlamarBlue(®) dye is widely used in several ...
Chen Ling-Yi - - 2012
The use of multiple drugs in cancer therapy increases the efficacy of the potential therapeutic effects. In this study, the authors investigated the adjuvant effects of an ethanol extract of solid-state cultivated Taiwanofungus camphoratus (TCEE) and amphotericin B (AmB) in the human cancer cell lines RPMI7951 and MG63. Taiwanofungus camphoratus ...
Tanwar Pradeep S - - 2012
Male patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) have defective spermatogenesis and are at increased risk of developing Sertoli cell tumors. Mutations in the Liver Kinase B1 (LKB1/STK11) gene are associated with the pathogenesis of PJS and have been identified in non-PJS patients with sporadic testicular cancers. The mechanisms controlled by LKB1 ...
Pulvino Mary M Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2012
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, remains a partially curable disease. Genetic alterations affecting components of NF-κB signaling pathways occur frequently in DLBCL. Almost all activated B cell-like (ABC) DLBCL, which is the least curable group among the 3 major subtypes of this malignancy, ...
Shi Fuxin - - 2012
Auditory hair cells are surrounded on their basolateral aspects by supporting cells, and these two cell types together constitute the sensory epithelium of the organ of Corti, which is the hearing apparatus of the ear. We show here that Lgr5, a marker for adult stem cells, was expressed in a ...
Westekemper Henrike - - 2013
In conjunctival melanoma, local chemotherapy has been based so far on clinical evidence and limited to the therapy of melanoma in situ. Our aim was to define substances that may have the potential to add to therapeutic options in extended local growth and metastatic disease. Two conjunctival cell lines (CRMM-1 ...
Sonoyama Takuhiro - - 2012
Although there have been reports of the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells and mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells into steroid-producing cells, the differentiation of human ES/induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells into steroid-producing cells has not been reported. The purpose of our present study was to establish a method for inducing ...
Matsuda Yoko - - 2012
A high percentage of colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) overexpress a lot of growth factors and their receptors, including fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and FGF receptor (FGFR). We previously reported that FGFR2 overexpression was associated with distant metastasis, and that FGFR2 inhibition suppressed cell growth, migration, and invasion. The FGFR2 splicing isoform ...
Paul Rajib K - - 2012
Inhibition of cell proliferation by fenoterol and fenoterol derivatives in 1321N1 astrocytoma cells is consistent with β(2)-adrenergic receptor (β(2)-AR) stimulation. However, the events that result in fenoterol-mediated control of cell proliferation in other cell types are not clear. Here, we compare the effect of the β(2)-AR agonists (R,R')-fenoterol (Fen) and ...
Ahn Mee Young - - 2012
This study examined the molecular mechanisms of apicidin in the modulation of human ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells invasion and migration. Apicidin markedly decreased histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) expression and blocked cell migration and invasion. Cell migration was inhibited via down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and up-regulation of RECK in the ...
Zhang Bei - - 2012
This study investigated the anticancer effect and mechanism of salinomycin, a selective inhibitor of cancer stem cell, on human ovarian cancer cell line OV2008 in vitro and in vivo. The growth inhibitory effect of salinomycin on ovarian cancer cell line OV2008 was determined by measuring cell viability using the resazurin ...
Kim Jh - - 2012
In humans, regulatory T (T reg) cells are known to play a critical role in both the regulation of immune homoeostasis and the progression of cancer. However, there is little information about the identification, characterization and the function of T reg cells in canine tumours. We identified T reg cells ...
Xu Dong - - 2012
Background/Aims: MiR-93 was observed in various types of cancers. This study is to investigate a role of miR-93 in the carcinogenesis of HCC. Methodology: The expression of miR-93 in HepG2 cells and primary human hepatocytes (PHHC) was measured by RT-PCR. HepG2 cells were transfected with miR-93 inhibitor or negative control. ...
Chavan Neelam L - - 2012
Relatively little is known about how liposomal formulations modulate drug delivery to fungal pathogens. We compared patterns of hyphal cell wall binding for empty rhodmine-labeled liposomes, and the clinically available amphotericin B-containing liposomal formulation (AmBisome®) in Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans. Following 0.5 hr of co-incubation with A. fumigatus, empty ...
Florczyk Stephen J - - 2012
Increasing cell seeding efficiency in a tissue engineering construct can enhance cellular activity and tissue formation in vivo. Here, we demonstrate the use of alginate gel as a secondary phase material in 3D porous β-tricalcium phosphate scaffolds to improve cell seeding and provide controlled release of growth factors for bone ...
Fukui Rie - - 2012
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) mediates a wide range of biological responses with G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors (LPA receptors). So far, at least six types of LPA receptors (LPA receptor-1 (LPA(1)) to LPA(6)) have been identified. Recently, it has been reported that LPA(3) indicates opposite effects on cellular functions of cancer cells. ...
Tsukahara Tamotsu - - 2012
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) plays an important role in the differentiation of intestinal cells and tissues. Our previous reports indicate that PPARγ is expressed at considerable levels in human colon cancer cells. This suggests that PPARγ expression may be an important factor for cell growth regulation in colon cancer. ...
Steiner Michael - - 2012
To determine the effect of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC) on human endometrial carcinoma cell (HECC) oncogenicity and demonstrate a molecular mechanism by which DAC modulates HECC oncogenicity. The effect of DAC was tested on HECC RL95-2, AN3, Ishikawa and ECC1 cells. The role of 14-3-3σ on HECC oncogenicity in response to DAC ...
Hashimoto Ken - - 2012
An association of melanocytic nevus with eccrine glands has been well-documented and well-known as eccrine-centered nevus. Non-giant congenital nevi sometimes contain angiocentric and/or adnexocentric growth of nevus cells. Blood vessels are the most prominent site of nevus cell infiltration and propagation. In our specimen, the second was eccrine ducts. These ...
Brett Marie-Elena - - 2012
Chemotropism, or directed cell growth in response to a chemical gradient, is integral to many biological processes. The mating response of the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is a well studied model chemotropic system. Yeast cells of opposite mating type signal their positions by secreting soluble mating pheromones. The mutual exchange ...
Klein Shiri - - 2012
Electrospun hollow polymeric microfibers (microtubes) were evaluated as an encapsulation method for the atrazine degrading bacterium Pseudomonas sp. ADP. Pseudomonas sp. ADP cells were successfully incorporated in a formulation containing a core solution of polyethylene oxide dissolved in water and spun with an outer shell solution made of polycaprolactone and ...
Choi Eun-Sun - - 2012
For thousands of years in Asia, Althaea rosea Cavanil (ARC) and Plantago major L. (PML) have been used as powerful non-toxic therapeutic agents that inhibit inflammation. However, the anticancer mechanisms and molecular targets of ARC and PML are poorly understood, particularly in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced neoplastic cell transformation. The ...
Goffin Eric - - 2012
A series of chroman derivatives previously reported as potassium channel openers, as well as some newly synthesized simplified structures, were examined for their in vitro effects on the growth of three human high-grade glioma cell lines: U373, T98G, and Hs683. Significant in vitro growth inhibitory activity was observed with 2,2-dimethylchroman-type nitro-substituted phenylthioureas, ...
Issadore David - - 2012
The ability to detect rare cells (<100 cells/ml whole blood) and obtain quantitative measurements of specific biomarkers on single cells is increasingly important in basic biomedical research. Implementing such methodology for widespread use in the clinic, however, has been hampered by low cell density, small sample sizes, and requisite sample ...
Kurio Naito N Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8525, - - 2012
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) overexpression is frequently found in invasive and metastatic cancers, but its role in oral squamous cell carcinoma is not yet well understood. In order to seek therapies targeting oral squamous cell carcinoma, we developed the novel FAK Tyr(397) inhibitor TAE226 and investigated its anti-tumor effects and ...
Dentice Monica - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Activation of the β-catenin/T cell factor (TCF) complex occurs in most colon tumors and its actions correlate with the neoplastic phenotype of intestinal epithelial cells. Type 3 deiodinase (D3), the selenoenzyme that inactivates thyroid hormone (T3), is frequently expressed by tumor cells, but little is known about ...
Jentoft Mark E - - 2012
Primary hypothyroidism causes adenohypophysial hyperplasia via stimulation by hypothalamic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). The effect was long thought to simply result in thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and prolactin (PRL) cell hyperplasia, an increase in TSH and PRL blood levels with resultant pituitary enlargement, often mimicking adenoma. Recently, it was shown that transformation ...
Mao Jing-Zhuo - - 2012
Girdin is a downstream effector of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-AKT and interacts with actin and microtubule. Increasing evidence confirmed that Girdin played an important role in cell migration. Here we reported that Girdin also regulated cell division. Over-expression or suppression of Girdin leads to attenuated cell proliferation. Imaging of ...
Ocampo Alejandro - - 2012
We have explored the role of mitochondrial function in aging by genetically and pharmacologically modifying yeast cellular respiration production during the exponential and/or stationary growth phases and determining how this affects chronological life span (CLS). Our results demonstrate that respiration is essential during both growth phases for standard CLS, but ...
Burns Joseph C - - 2012
Many non-mammalian vertebrates produce hair cells throughout life and recover from hearing and balance deficits through regeneration. In contrast, embryonic production of hair cells declines sharply in mammals where deficits from hair cell losses are typically permanent. Hair cell density estimates recently suggested that the vestibular organs of mice continue ...
Zhang Suping S Center for Radiological Research, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center, New York 10032, - - 2013
Human small airway epithelial cells (SAECs) immortalized with human telomerase reverse transcriptase were exposed to either a single or multiple doses of α-particles. Irradiated cells showed a dose-dependent cytotoxicity and progressive neoplastic transformation phenotype. These included an increase in saturation density of growth, a greater resistance to N-phosphonoacetyl-L-aspartate, faster anchorage-independent ...
Wang Zhigang - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of numerous cellular events; accumulating evidence indicates that miRNAs play a key role in a wide range of biological functions, such as cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in cancer. Down-regulated expression of miR-145 has been reported in colon cancer tissues and cell lines. The molecular mechanisms ...
Eroz R - - 2012
Argyrophilic nucleolar organizing region associated proteins (AgNORs) play roles in cell proliferation and a variety of diseases. We attempted to determine whether decreased NOR protein synthesis causes human hair loss. We studied 21 healthy males who suffered hair loss on the frontal/vertex portion of the head. Hair root cells from ...
Zellefrow Crystal D - - 2012
Currently, there is a serious absence of pharmaceutically attractive small molecules that mitigate the lethal effects of an accidental or intentional public exposure to toxic doses of ionizing radiation. Moreover, cellular systems that emulate the radiobiologically relevant cell populations and that are suitable for high-throughput screening have not been established. ...
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