Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 4295
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kim Jh - - 2012
In humans, regulatory T (T reg) cells are known to play a critical role in both the regulation of immune homoeostasis and the progression of cancer. However, there is little information about the identification, characterization and the function of T reg cells in canine tumours. We identified T reg cells ...
Xu Dong - - 2012
Background/Aims: MiR-93 was observed in various types of cancers. This study is to investigate a role of miR-93 in the carcinogenesis of HCC. Methodology: The expression of miR-93 in HepG2 cells and primary human hepatocytes (PHHC) was measured by RT-PCR. HepG2 cells were transfected with miR-93 inhibitor or negative control. ...
Chavan Neelam L - - 2012
Relatively little is known about how liposomal formulations modulate drug delivery to fungal pathogens. We compared patterns of hyphal cell wall binding for empty rhodmine-labeled liposomes, and the clinically available amphotericin B-containing liposomal formulation (AmBisome®) in Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans. Following 0.5 hr of co-incubation with A. fumigatus, empty ...
Florczyk Stephen J - - 2012
Increasing cell seeding efficiency in a tissue engineering construct can enhance cellular activity and tissue formation in vivo. Here, we demonstrate the use of alginate gel as a secondary phase material in 3D porous β-tricalcium phosphate scaffolds to improve cell seeding and provide controlled release of growth factors for bone ...
Fukui Rie - - 2012
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) mediates a wide range of biological responses with G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors (LPA receptors). So far, at least six types of LPA receptors (LPA receptor-1 (LPA(1)) to LPA(6)) have been identified. Recently, it has been reported that LPA(3) indicates opposite effects on cellular functions of cancer cells. ...
Tsukahara Tamotsu - - 2012
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) plays an important role in the differentiation of intestinal cells and tissues. Our previous reports indicate that PPARγ is expressed at considerable levels in human colon cancer cells. This suggests that PPARγ expression may be an important factor for cell growth regulation in colon cancer. ...
Steiner Michael - - 2012
To determine the effect of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC) on human endometrial carcinoma cell (HECC) oncogenicity and demonstrate a molecular mechanism by which DAC modulates HECC oncogenicity. The effect of DAC was tested on HECC RL95-2, AN3, Ishikawa and ECC1 cells. The role of 14-3-3σ on HECC oncogenicity in response to DAC ...
Hashimoto Ken - - 2012
An association of melanocytic nevus with eccrine glands has been well-documented and well-known as eccrine-centered nevus. Non-giant congenital nevi sometimes contain angiocentric and/or adnexocentric growth of nevus cells. Blood vessels are the most prominent site of nevus cell infiltration and propagation. In our specimen, the second was eccrine ducts. These ...
Brett Marie-Elena - - 2012
Chemotropism, or directed cell growth in response to a chemical gradient, is integral to many biological processes. The mating response of the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is a well studied model chemotropic system. Yeast cells of opposite mating type signal their positions by secreting soluble mating pheromones. The mutual exchange ...
Klein Shiri - - 2012
Electrospun hollow polymeric microfibers (microtubes) were evaluated as an encapsulation method for the atrazine degrading bacterium Pseudomonas sp. ADP. Pseudomonas sp. ADP cells were successfully incorporated in a formulation containing a core solution of polyethylene oxide dissolved in water and spun with an outer shell solution made of polycaprolactone and ...
Choi Eun-Sun - - 2012
For thousands of years in Asia, Althaea rosea Cavanil (ARC) and Plantago major L. (PML) have been used as powerful non-toxic therapeutic agents that inhibit inflammation. However, the anticancer mechanisms and molecular targets of ARC and PML are poorly understood, particularly in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced neoplastic cell transformation. The ...
Goffin Eric - - 2012
A series of chroman derivatives previously reported as potassium channel openers, as well as some newly synthesized simplified structures, were examined for their in vitro effects on the growth of three human high-grade glioma cell lines: U373, T98G, and Hs683. Significant in vitro growth inhibitory activity was observed with 2,2-dimethylchroman-type nitro-substituted phenylthioureas, ...
Issadore David - - 2012
The ability to detect rare cells (<100 cells/ml whole blood) and obtain quantitative measurements of specific biomarkers on single cells is increasingly important in basic biomedical research. Implementing such methodology for widespread use in the clinic, however, has been hampered by low cell density, small sample sizes, and requisite sample ...
Kurio Naito N Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8525, - - 2012
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) overexpression is frequently found in invasive and metastatic cancers, but its role in oral squamous cell carcinoma is not yet well understood. In order to seek therapies targeting oral squamous cell carcinoma, we developed the novel FAK Tyr(397) inhibitor TAE226 and investigated its anti-tumor effects and ...
Dentice Monica - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Activation of the β-catenin/T cell factor (TCF) complex occurs in most colon tumors and its actions correlate with the neoplastic phenotype of intestinal epithelial cells. Type 3 deiodinase (D3), the selenoenzyme that inactivates thyroid hormone (T3), is frequently expressed by tumor cells, but little is known about ...
Jentoft Mark E - - 2012
Primary hypothyroidism causes adenohypophysial hyperplasia via stimulation by hypothalamic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). The effect was long thought to simply result in thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and prolactin (PRL) cell hyperplasia, an increase in TSH and PRL blood levels with resultant pituitary enlargement, often mimicking adenoma. Recently, it was shown that transformation ...
Mao Jing-Zhuo - - 2012
Girdin is a downstream effector of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-AKT and interacts with actin and microtubule. Increasing evidence confirmed that Girdin played an important role in cell migration. Here we reported that Girdin also regulated cell division. Over-expression or suppression of Girdin leads to attenuated cell proliferation. Imaging of ...
Ocampo Alejandro - - 2012
We have explored the role of mitochondrial function in aging by genetically and pharmacologically modifying yeast cellular respiration production during the exponential and/or stationary growth phases and determining how this affects chronological life span (CLS). Our results demonstrate that respiration is essential during both growth phases for standard CLS, but ...
Burns Joseph C - - 2012
Many non-mammalian vertebrates produce hair cells throughout life and recover from hearing and balance deficits through regeneration. In contrast, embryonic production of hair cells declines sharply in mammals where deficits from hair cell losses are typically permanent. Hair cell density estimates recently suggested that the vestibular organs of mice continue ...
Zhang Suping S Center for Radiological Research, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center, New York 10032, - - 2013
Human small airway epithelial cells (SAECs) immortalized with human telomerase reverse transcriptase were exposed to either a single or multiple doses of α-particles. Irradiated cells showed a dose-dependent cytotoxicity and progressive neoplastic transformation phenotype. These included an increase in saturation density of growth, a greater resistance to N-phosphonoacetyl-L-aspartate, faster anchorage-independent ...
Wang Zhigang - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of numerous cellular events; accumulating evidence indicates that miRNAs play a key role in a wide range of biological functions, such as cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in cancer. Down-regulated expression of miR-145 has been reported in colon cancer tissues and cell lines. The molecular mechanisms ...
Eroz R - - 2012
Argyrophilic nucleolar organizing region associated proteins (AgNORs) play roles in cell proliferation and a variety of diseases. We attempted to determine whether decreased NOR protein synthesis causes human hair loss. We studied 21 healthy males who suffered hair loss on the frontal/vertex portion of the head. Hair root cells from ...
Zellefrow Crystal D - - 2012
Currently, there is a serious absence of pharmaceutically attractive small molecules that mitigate the lethal effects of an accidental or intentional public exposure to toxic doses of ionizing radiation. Moreover, cellular systems that emulate the radiobiologically relevant cell populations and that are suitable for high-throughput screening have not been established. ...
Cai Gang - - 2012
IL -10 is widely accepted as a survival, proliferation, and differentiation factor for B cells. However, IL-10 deficiency accelerates disease progression as the result of autoantibody production in many autoimmune disease models. It was demonstrated that T follicular helper cells (T(FH) cells) play a key role in helping B cells ...
Song Gui Xian - - 2012
Fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) is a low-molecular-weight protein with a distinct tissue distribution that may play an important role in fatty acid transport, cell growth, cellular signaling, and gene transcription. Previously, we have found that FABP3 was involved in apoptosis-associated congenital cardiac malformations, but the underlying mechanisms have not ...
Maccaferri Simone - - 2012
SCOPE: Fibers and prebiotics represent a useful dietary approach for modulating the human gut microbiome. Therefore, aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of four flours (wholegrain rye, wholegrain wheat, chickpeas and lentils 50:50, and barley milled grains), characterized by a naturally high content in dietary fibers, ...
Ashinuma Hironori - - 2012
The oral antidiabetic agent metformin has anticancer properties, probably via adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase activation. In the present study, growth inhibition was assessed by a clonogenic and by a cell survival assay, apoptosis induction was assessed by Hoechst staining and caspase activities and cell cycle alteration after exposure to metformin, ...
Mataga Megan A - - 2012
Development of new breast cancer therapies is needed, particularly as cells become refractory or develop increased drug resistance. In an effort to develop such treatments, class I and II histone deacetylases (HDACs), alone and in combination with other cytotoxic agents, are currently in clinical trial. Herein, we discuss the effects ...
Wagenblast Jens - - 2012
Inhibition of the Polo-like-kinase-1 (PLK1) has been shown to be effective in a number of solid tumor models. In this in vitro study, we examined the antitumor effect of BI2536, a small molecule inhibitor of PLK1, in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) cell lines. Dose escalation ...
Ruebner Matthias - - 2012
Cytotrophoblast (CT) cell fusion into a syncytiotrophoblast is obligatory for placentation and mediated by the human endogenous retrovirus (HERV)-W envelope gene Syncytin-1. Abnormal placentation is associated with preeclampsia (PE), HELLP and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). In placentogenesis, the MAP-kinase p38α regulates PPARγ/RXRα signaling and target genes, like leptin, resistin, ABCG2, ...
Wang Chunhong - - 2012
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) has been implicated in a variety of biologically important processes, including transcription, DNA repair, differentiation, development, and extracellular signaling. However, the potential role of HMGB1 in tumor biology still remains intractable. Our previous study showed that TLR9 response to CpG oligonucleotide (ODN) in 95D human ...
Faber Anne - - 2012
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive epithelial malignancy. It is known to be the most common neoplasm appearing in the upper aerodigestive tract. The poor 5‑year survival rate has remained unchanged in the last decades even though improved techniques in surgery, radiation and chemotherapy have been ...
Feng Shi-Xiu - - 2012
Medicinal herbs are the preferred candidates for drug discovery against human diseases including cancer. The roots of Prismatomeris connata have been used in traditional herbal medicine to treat many health problems, particularly pneumoconiosis. This study was to test the anti-tumor activity of 3-Hydroxy-1,5,6-trimethoxy-2-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (PCON6), a major anthraquinone derivative from C. ...
Ewe Joo-Ann - - 2012
This study was aimed at an evaluation of the potential inheritance of electroporation effects on Lactobacillus fermentum BT 8219 through to three subsequent subcultures, based on their growth, isoflavone bioconversion activities, and probiotic properties, in biotin-supplemented soymilk. Electroporation was seen to cause cell death immediately after treatment, followed by higher ...
Jasek Ewa - - 2012
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have been extensively studied as potential candidates for treatment of various malignancies, including leukemia, since they not only induce growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of cancer cells, but can also increase the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. The aim of this study ...
Lee Bora - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the cytotoxic effect of calenduloside E 6'-methyl ester (oleanolic acid 3-O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside-6'-methyl ester) isolated from Acanthopanax sessiliflorus fruits was investigated in CT-26 mouse colon carcinoma cells. Calenduloside E 6'-methyl ester dose-dependently inhibited the viability of CT-26 cells. Apoptosis was characterized by the ...
Yao Yuting - - 2012
Vitamin K2 (VK2) exerts cell growth inhibitory effects in various human cancer cells such as SMMC-7721 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. BCL-2 is an antiapoptotic protein that is frequently overexpressed in numerous tumors. Modulation of multiple antiapoptotic signaling pathways involving BCL-2, which are related to growth factor-stimulated signal transduction in cell ...
Xia Hui - - 2012
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has a high mortality rate and poor prognosis. The aim of the present study was to silence EZH2 and explore the antitumor effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-EZH2 in combination with radiotherapy, which is a main treatment for NSCLC. The results showed that irradiation in ...
Ishimoto Shunsuke - - 2012
Aquaporins (AQPs) are a membrane protein family involved in the selective transport of water across cell membranes. Recent studies have reported the expression of AQP5 in several tumor types such as gastric, pulmonary, ovarian, pancreatic and colorectal cancer. We have previously reported the expression on tumor cells and the important ...
Crestani Bruno - - 2012
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is currently believed to be driven by alveolar epithelial cells, with abnormally activated alveolar epithelial cells accumulating in an attempt to repair injured alveolar epithelium (1). Thus, targeting the alveolar epithelium to prevent or inhibit the development of pulmonary fibrosis might be an interesting therapeutic option in ...
Trebunova Marianna - - 2012
Cell viability assays are important tools in oncological research. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide on the metabolic activity of MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. Antiproliferative effect of cytostatics on MCF-7 cells was measured using the standard colorimetric test. The MCF-7 ...
Gunasekaran Uma - - 2012
Diabetes results from an inadequate functional β cell mass, either due to autoimmune destruction (Type 1 diabetes) or insulin resistance combined with β cell failure (Type 2 diabetes). Strategies to enhance β cell regeneration or increase cell proliferation could improve outcomes for patients with diabetes. Research conducted over the past ...
Kukavica Biljana M - - 2012
Cell wall isolated from pea roots was used to separate and characterize two fractions possessing class III peroxidase activity: (i) ionically bound proteins and (ii) covalently bound proteins. Modified SDS-PAGE separated peroxidase isoforms by their apparent molecular weights: four bands of 56, 46, 44, and 41kDa were found in the ...
Good Miranda E - - 2012
Although a functional pore domain is required for connexin 37 (Cx37)-mediated suppression of rat insulinoma (Rin) cell proliferation, it is unknown whether functional hemichannels would be sufficient or if Cx37 gap junction channels are required for growth suppression. To test this possibility, we targeted extracellular loop cysteines for mutation, expecting ...
Acra Alejandro Mena AM Division of Pharmacology, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Sciences, Meikai University School of Dentistry, Sakado, Saitama 350-0283, Japan. - - 2012
Comparative study of the growth inhibition by different types of fluoride compounds used in dentistry has been limited. We investigated the effects of sodium fluoride (NaF), diammine silver fluoride [Ag(NH3)2F] and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on the growth of eleven human normal and tumor cells in total. Viable cell number was determined ...
Soleymani Fard Shahrzad - - 2012
Despite advances in the treatment of ALL, in most patients long-term survival rates remain unsatisfactory. The objective of the present study was to investigate the anti-cancer effects of Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in two different ALL cell lines (CCRF-CEM (T-ALL) and Nalm-6 (B-ALL)). The anti-leukemic effects of PGE2 were also compared ...
Rafeeqi T - - 2012
The aim of this study was to isolate and subsequently enrich type A spermatogonia from pre-pubertal buffalo testis. Two-step enzymatic digestion was used to isolate spermatogonia from 10 to 14 months pre-pubertal buffalo calves, resulting in maximal release of spermatogonia from the seminiferous tubules. After enzymatic digestion, the type A spermatogonia ...
Córcoles-Sáez Isaac - - 2012
Unlike other stresses, the physiological significance and molecular mechanisms involved in the yeast cold response are largely unknown. Here, we show that the cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway plays an important role in the growth of S. cerevisiae at low temperatures. Cells lacking the Wsc1p membrane sensor or the MAPKs ...
Wagner Charlotte - - 2012
Renin synthesis and renin secretion at the level of renal juxtaglomerular cells are regulated by neurotransmitters, hormones, paracrine, and mechanical signals. Although morphological evidence has indicated an intense intercellular communication of renin cells via connexins between the cells composing the juxtaglomerlar area, the functional behavior of renin-secreting cells has been ...
Martinez Elizabeth Ferreira - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The myoepithelial cells exert important effects regulating the transition of an in situ to an invasive carcinoma. This cell has been associated with a tumour suppressor phenotype due to its ability to inhibit tumour growth as well as its immunomodulatory role in cancer behaviour. DESIGN: In order to correlate ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >