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Results 201 - 250 of 4368
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Some Surajit - - 2012
Dual-function poly(L-lysine) (PLL) composites that function as antibacterial agents and promote the growth of human cell culture have been sought by researchers for a long period. In this paper, we report the preparation of new graphene derivative-PLL composites via electrostatic interactions and covalent bonding between graphene derivatives and PLL. The ...
Dezs┼Ĺ Katalin K First Department of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Budapest, - - 2012
We have analyzed the architectural aspects of progenitor-cell-driven regenerative growth in rat liver by applying the 2-acetaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy experimental model. The regeneration is initiated by the proliferation of so-called oval cells. The oval cells at the proximal tips of the ductules have a more differentiated phenotype and higher proliferative rate. ...
Tucker Trudy-Ann - - 2012
Rhodococcus is an important industrial microorganism that possesses diverse metabolic capabilities; it also has a cell envelope, composed of an outer layer of mycolic acids and glycolipids. Selected Rhodococcus species when induced are capable of transforming nitriles to the corresponding amide by the enzyme nitrile hydratase (NHase), and subsequently to ...
Yin Xianhua - - 2012
The present study examined the survival of Salmonella Typhimurium and its adherence to intestinal epithelial cells following inoculation into grapefruit juice and apple cider. Both liquids significantly inactivated S. Typhimurium (0.8-2.2 log reduction compared to the control); surviving Salmonella in grapefruit juice was 1.0-1.4 log lower than in apple cider ...
Kim Hong-Gyum - - 2012
Inorganic arsenic is a well-documented human carcinogen associated with cancers of the skin, lung, liver, and bladder. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining the tumorigenic role of arsenic are not well understood. The present study explored a potential mechanism of cell transformation induced by arsenic exposure. Exposure to a low dose ...
Speca Silvia S Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine and Public Health, University of L'Aquila, 67100 L'Aquila, - - 2012
Fibrosis is a chronic and progressive process characterized by an excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) leading to stiffening and/or scarring of the involved tissue. Intestinal fibrosis may develop in several different enteropathies, including inflammatory bowel disease. It develops through complex cell, extracellular matrix, cytokine and growth factor interactions. Distinct ...
Huang Xiaolin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of Bcl2 pathway is implicated in the pathogenesis of uveal melanoma (UM). Oncolytic adenovirus H101 is the world's first oncolytic viral therapy for cancer approved for clinical use. We aimed to explore a potential synergy of downregulating Bcl2 pathway using a small interfering RNA (siBCL2) combined with H101 ...
Su Yu-Ching - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Tumor-associated NADH oxidase (tNOX; ENOX2) is a growth-related protein expressed in transformed cells. High concentrations of numerous chemotherapeutic agents have shown to inhibit tNOX activity and protein levels leading to a reduction in cell growth while little is known for the effects of low concentrations of chemotherapeutic agents on ...
Sousa L M M C - - 2012
Our objectives were to investigate the possible role of VEGFA in bovine placenta steroid synthesis and to determine whether cloned derived placental cells present similar responses as non-cloned ones. Placental cells from cloned (term) and non-cloned (days 90, 150, 210 and term) pregnancies were isolated and treated with VEGFA (50 ng/ml) ...
Pawlik Andrzej - - 2012
Isothiocyanates are known for their anticarcinogenic and antitumor potential, however, the exact mechanism of their action has not been fully elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate and compare the effects of phenethyl isothiocyanate on cell morphology, the cytoskeleton and induction of cell death in human non-small cell lung ...
Li Lin-Qiang - - 2012
Background: Matrine is one of the major alkaloids extracted from Sophora flavescens and has been used clinically for breast cancer with notable therapeutic efficacy in China. However, the mechanisms are still largely unknown. Methods : Cell viability was analyzed by MTT assay. After MCF-7 cells were treated with matrine for ...
Braybrook Siobhan A - - 2012
The plant cell wall has a somewhat paradoxical mechanical role in the plant: it must be strong enough to resist the high turgor of the cell contents, but at the right moment it must yield to that pressure to allow cell growth. The control of the cell wall's mechanical properties ...
Lawlor Michael W MW Division of Genetics and the Program in Genomics, The Manton Center for Orphan Disease Research, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2012
X-linked myotubular myopathy is a severe congenital myopathy caused by deficiency of the lipid phosphatase, myotubularin. Recent studies of human tissue and animal models have discovered structural and physiological abnormalities in myotubularin-deficient muscle, but the impact of myotubularin deficiency on myogenic stem cells within muscles is unclear. In the present ...
Han Na-Kyung - - 2012
Cellular senescence is a physiological program of irreversible growth arrest that is considered to play an important role in tumor suppression. Recent studies demonstrated that senescent cells secrete multiple growth-regulatory proteins that could alter the behavior of neighboring cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of secretory proteins from ...
Zhang Keyu - - 2012
Quinoxaline-1,4-dioxides, widely used as medicinal feed additives as antibacterial growth promoters, have been shown to exert diverse toxicities. Their toxicities are hypothesized to be closely related to the formation of N-oxide reductive metabolites. 1,4-Bisdesoxyquinocetone and MQCA are important N-oxide reductive metabolites of quinocetone or olaquindox. In this study, we evaluated ...
Rompolas Panteleimon P Department of Genetics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, - - 2012
Tissue development and regeneration depend on cell-cell interactions and signals that target stem cells and their immediate progeny. However, the cellular behaviours that lead to a properly regenerated tissue are not well understood. Using a new, non-invasive, intravital two-photon imaging approach we study physiological hair-follicle regeneration over time in live ...
Su Wen-Ta - - 2012
Understanding neurite outgrowth, orientation, and migration is important for the design of biomaterials that interface with the neuronal tissue. Micropatterns can significantly influence neurite outgrowth, neurite length, orientation, extracellular matrix expression, neuron differentiation, and migrating velocity. We analyzed the neuritogenesis and neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells in three-dimensional Si wafer ...
Bhan Sheetal - - 2012
Cancer testis antigens (CTAs) are proteins that are normally expressed only in male germ cells and are aberrantly upregulated in a variety of cancers such as melanomas and lung cancer. MAGEA proteins belong to Class I CTAs and are being utilized as targets for cancer immunotherapy. Despite the discovery of ...
Trowe Mark-Oliver - - 2012
Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are a key component of many visceral organs, including the ureter, yet the molecular pathways that regulate their development from mesenchymal precursors are insufficiently understood. Here, we identified epithelial Wnt7b and Wnt9b as possible ligands of Fzd1-mediated β-catenin (Ctnnb1)-dependent (canonical) Wnt signaling in the adjacent undifferentiated ...
Zeng Huawei - - 2012
It is has been hypothesized that methylselenol is a critical selenium metabolite for anticancer activity in vivo. In this study, we used a protein array which contained 112 different antibodies known to be involved in the p53 pathway to investigate the molecular targets of methylselenol in human HCT116 colon cancer ...
Dong Yucui - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) was shown to harbor therapy-resistant cancer stem cells that were major causes of recurrence. PDGFR (platelet-derived growth factor receptor) and c-Kit (stem cell factor receptor) signaling play important roles in initiation and maintenance of malignant glioma. This study demonstrated that long-term culture with imatinib mesylate, the tyrosine ...
Yakhnina Anastasiya A AA Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Lewis Thomas Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2012
In Caulobacter crescentus, the actin homologue MreB is critical for cell shape maintenance. Despite the central importance of MreB for cell morphology and viability, very little is known about MreB-interacting factors. Here, we use an overexpression approach to identify a novel MreB interactor, MbiA. MbiA interacts with MreB in both ...
Chang Yu-Chao - - 2012
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer cells is considered pre-requisite for acquiring invasive/migratory phenotype, and subsequent metastasis. Herein we provided molecular evidence associated with the antimetastatic effect of black tea polyphenol extracts (BTE), which contained polyphenols including gallic acid, gallocatechin, catechin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, epicatechin-3-gallate, and theaflavin 3,3'-digallate in an oral squamous cell ...
Pasonen-Seppänen Sanna - - 2012
In many cancers hyaluronan content is increased, either by tumor cells or the surrounding stromal cells and this increased hyaluronan content correlates with unfavorable clinical prognosis. In the present work, we studied the effects of melanoma cell (aggressive melanoma cell line C8161)-derived factors on fibroblast hyaluronan synthesis, intracellular signaling, MMP ...
Murphy Angus S - - 2012
Mechanisms governing dynamic protein recycling include small GTPases that activate/inactivate their partner proteins to affect cytoskeletal dynamics, and thereby polar growth, asymmetric cell shape and physiological responses to external stimuli. Three recent studies illustrate the control of PIN endocytosis by ROP-RIC activity in leaf pavement cells and root cells.
Li Bo - - 2012
PURPOSE: c-Met is overexpressed in some non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and tissues. Cell lines with higher levels of c-Met expression and phosphorylation depend on this receptor for survival. We studied the effects of AMG-458 on 2 NSCLC cell lines. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium assays assessed the sensitivities ...
Hernández-Bule María Luisa - - 2012
Recently, a number of electric and electrothermal therapies have been applied to the treatment of specific cancer types. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the response to such therapies have not been well characterized yet. Capacitive-resistive electric transfer (CRET) therapy uses electric currents at frequencies within the 0.45-0.6 ...
Deezagi A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) regulates several cell functions including; proliferation, differentiation, permeability, vascular tone, and the production of vasoactive molecules. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potency of specific short-interfering RNA (siRNA) to suppress human VEGF expression by siRNA and investigate the effects of VEGF ...
Maccario Cristina - - 2012
4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene is a synthetic analogue of resveratrol, a phytoalexin known for its biological activities. We previously demonstrated that 4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene exerts an antiproliferative effect on normal human fibroblasts that is higher than that of the natural parent molecule. No evidence regarding its role in human cancer cell lines has been found ...
St John M A - - 2012
Despite focused research in conventional therapies and considerable advances in the understanding of the molecular carcinogenesis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), the 5-year survival rate for patients with advanced disease remains ∼15-20%. The major causes of HNSCC-related deaths are cervical node and distant metastasis. E-cadherin has a ...
Yu Linwei - - 2012
Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are becoming a popular choice to develop a new generation of radial junction solar cells. We here explore a bismuth (Bi)-catalyzed growth and doping of SiNWs, via vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mode, to fabricate amorphous Si radial n-i-p junction solar cells in a one-pump-down and low-temperature process in a ...
Liu Fang - - 2012
Cryptorchidism is associated with male infertility due to germ cell loss in response to elevated temperature. However, there is a great deal of contradictory information prevalent on the status of germ cells and their process of removal in the cryptorchid testis. In the present study, we investigate the cell removal ...
Li Xiao-Yu - - 2012
Ionic liquids have recently received considerable attention due to their negligible vapor pressure and substitute for conventional organic solvents. However, their solubility in water and a great deal of literature regarding their toxicity on aquatic organisms have caused much concern in recent years. This study aims to evaluate the cytotoxicity ...
Song Jae-Jin - - 2012
WD40 repeat protein 1 (WDR1) has been suggested as a protective mechanism or a sign of regeneration in avian cochlea. However, its role in mammalian cochlea has yet to be determined. Hence we investigated WDR1 expression in sound-overstimulated Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were divided into 3 groups [the permanent- and temporary ...
Diermeier-Daucher Simone - - 2012
The trifunctional antibody ertumaxomab bivalently targets the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2) on epithelial (tumor) cells and the T cell specific CD3 antigen, and its Fc region is selectively recognized by Fcγ type I/III receptor-positive immune cells. As a trifunctional immunoglobulin, ertumaxomab therefore not only targets Her2 on ...
Hoppert Michael - - 2012
Several closely related strains of the thermophilic bacterium Dictyoglomus have been isolated from various hot springs on the Philippine archipelago. These strains as well as Dictyoglomus thermophilum H-6-12 were analyzed in view of the structure-functional relationships of the cell envelopes. All envelopes of Dictyoglomus strains show several peculiar features that ...
Cao Baoshan - - 2012
PURPOSE: To ascertain the biologic significance of lung cancer Side population (SP) cells, which represent putative cancer stem cells (CSC) in the absence of consensus biomarkers for tumor-specific CSC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We sorted and analyzed the angiogenic features of SP cells, isolated from tumor cell lines based on the ...
Sun Hongmei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that the relationship between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and the vascular niche may be bidirectional; the niche can support the growth and renewal of CSCs, and CSCs may contribute to the maintenance of the niche. There is little knowledge concerning the role of breast cancer stem ...
Lv Xiao - - 2012
A small molecular chemical-Reversine has been shown to promote cell reprogramming and induce dedifferentiation of multiple terminally differentiated mesodermal origin cells, and then differentiate into other cell types within mesodermal lineages as well as neuroectodermal. However, the possibilities of these cells to give rise to germ cell lineages have not ...
Chang Hsin-Yi - - 2012
Ectopic expression of the mitochondrial F1F0-ATP synthase on the plasma membrane has been reported to occur in cancer but whether it exerts a functional role in this setting remains unclear. Here we show that ectopic ATP synthase and the electron transfer chain exist on the plasma membrane in a punctuated ...
Dusny Christian - - 2012
Singularized cells of Pichia pastoris, Hansenula polymorpha, and Corynebacterium glutamicum displayed specific growth rates under chemically and physically constant conditions that were consistently higher than those obtained in populations. This highlights the importance of single-cell analyses by uncoupling physiology and the extracellular environment, which is now possible using the Envirostat ...
Berendt Susanne - - 2012
Filamentous cyanobacteria of the order Nostocales display typical properties of multicellular organisms. In response to nitrogen starvation, some vegetative cells differentiate into heterocysts, where fixation of N(2) takes place. Heterocysts provide a micro-oxic compartment to protect nitrogenase from the oxygen produced by the vegetative cells. Differentiation involves fundamental remodeling of ...
Blotta Simona S Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is required for cell-fate determination during the embryonic life, as well as cell growth and differentiation in the adult organism, where the inappropriate activation has been implicated in several cancers. Here we demonstrate that Hh signaling plays a significant role in growth and survival of multiple ...
Kaini Ramesh R - - 2012
Modulation of autophagy is a new paradigm in cancer therapeutics. Recently a novel function of chloroquine (CLQ) in inhibiting degradation of autophagic vesicles has been revealed, which raises the question whether CLQ can be used as an adjuvant in targeting autophagic pro-survival mechanism in prostate cancer (PCa). We previously showed ...
Xu Dan - - 2012
Senescence is viewed as a cellular counterpart to aging of tissues and organisms, characterized by an irreversible growth arrest and a combination of changes in cell morphology, function and behavior. microRNAs (miRNAs), the most studied small non-coding RNAs, play an important role in many biological processes by the regulation of ...
Davies Laura J - - 2012
• Plant-parasitic cyst nematodes form a feeding site, termed a syncytium, through which the nematode obtains nutrients from the host plant to support nematode development. The structural features of cell walls of syncytial cells have yet to be elucidated. • Monoclonal antibodies to defined glycans and a cellulose-binding module were ...
Lin Lin - - 2012
The balance between cell proliferation and cell differentiation is essential for leaf patterning. However, it is still a challenge to identify the factors coordinating leaf patterning and cell growth behavior. Here, we characterized a temperature-sensitive Arabidopsis mutant with leaf blade and venation defects. We mapped the mutation to the sub-2 ...
Goodyer William R - - 2012
Little is known about the mechanisms governing neonatal growth and maturation of organs. Here we demonstrate that calcineurin/Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (Cn/NFAT) signaling regulates neonatal pancreatic development in mouse and human islets. Inactivation of calcineurin b1 (Cnb1) in mouse islets impaired dense core granule biogenesis, decreased insulin secretion, and ...
Alena Kazimirova - - 2012
The in vitro genotoxicity of PLGA-PEO (poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid-polyethylene oxide copolymer) nanoparticles was assessed in TK6 cells using the comet assay as well as cytokinesis- block micronucleus (CBMN) assay. The cells were exposed to 0.12-75μg/cm(2) of PLGA-PEO nanoparticles during 2 and 24hours for analysis in the comet assay, and to 3-75μg/cm(2) ...
Lv Xiao-Jie - - 2012
The present study aimed to investigate the feasibility of isolating adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) by selecting cells that express the surface receptor CD105. Surface antigen expression of the unsorted cells was undertaken using FACS analysis. Primary adipose-derived cells were isolated. The second passage cells were incubated with anti-CD105 magnetic beads, ...
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