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Empl M T - - 2012
Vineatrol(®) 30 is a grapevine-shoot extract, which contains resveratrol as well as considerable amounts of so-called resveratrol oligomers such as hopeaphenol and r2-viniferin. In this study, we analysed whether the two above-mentioned resveratrol oligomers were able to inhibit the growth of the canine glioblastoma cell line D-GBM and the canine ...
Vu Thao Thi Thu - - 2012
Alginate hydrogels possess tunable mechanical properties that can mimic soft marrow tissue and present three-dimensional (3D) cues. This study evaluates its utility for supporting leukemic cell growth in vitro and its impact on cell survival, growth, and differentiation. Our results showed that the standard viscosity alginates had compromised leukemia cell ...
Li Lifang - - 2012
Septins were identified for their role in septation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and were subsequently implicated in other morphogenic processes. To study septins in Candida albicans hyphal morphogenesis, a temperature-sensitive mutation was created that altered the C terminus of the essential Cdc12 septin. The cdc12-6 cells grew well at room temperature, ...
Rodrigues Maria Elisa - - 2012
The selection of a serum-free medium for a particular process of production using mammalian cells is a critical step for its success. In this study, seven commercially available serum-free media (EX-CELL, ISF-I, CD CHO, CDM4CHO, CHO-III-A, Octomed and HybridoMed) were evaluated and compared for cell growth and monoclonal antibody (mAb) ...
Patel Dev Dutt - - 2012
Ionizing irradiation induces severe damage to the intestinal crypt cells which are responsible for renovation and maintenance of the intestinal cellular architecture. Therefore, protection of intestinal cells and tissue against lethal irradiation using a semiquinone glucoside derivative (SQGD) isolated from radioresistant bacterium Bacillus sp. INM-1 is the prime focus of ...
Yamazaki Mami - - 2012
Ghrelin, isolated from the stomach as an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), has potent growth hormone release ability in vivo and in vitro. Although GHS-R is abundantly expressed in the pituitary gland, there is no direct evidence of a relationship between hormone-producing cells and functional GHS-R ...
Christman Karen L - - 2012
Injection of a growth factor in a self-assembling nanofiber scaffold has the potential to create a suitable microenvironment and recruit endogenous cells for cardiac repair (Lin et al., this issue).
Kim Shin - - 2012
Previously, we have synthesized a novel cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, 2-[1,1'biphenyl]-4-yl-N-[5-(1,1-dioxo-1λ(6) -isothiazolidin-2-yl)-1H-indazol-3-yl]acetamide (BAI) and reported its anti-cancer activity in head and neck cancer cells. In this study, we further evaluated the effect of BAI on growth of various human cancer cell lines, including A549 (non small cell lung cancer), HCT116 ...
Choi Sun Il - - 2012
The herb Liriope platyphylla (LP) has been considered to have curative properties for diabetes, asthma and neurodegenerative disorders. To examine the effects of steaming time and frequency of manufactured red LP (RLP) on the nerve growth factor (NGF) secretion ability and NGF receptor signaling pathway, the NGF concentration, cell differentiation, ...
Balint Richard - - 2012
New advances in tissue engineering are being made through the application of different types of electrical stimuli to influence cell proliferation and differentiation. Developments made in the last decade have allowed us to improve the structure and functionality of tissue engineered products through the use of growth factors, hormones, drugs, ...
Saisho Yoshifumi Y Larry L. Hillblom Islet Research Center, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
We sought to establish β-cell mass, β-cell apoptosis, and β-cell replication in humans in response to obesity and advanced age. We examined human autopsy pancreas from 167 nondiabetic individuals 20-102 years of age. The effect of obesity on β-cell mass was examined in 53 lean and 61 obese subjects, and ...
Wang Lin - - 2012
Mechanisms of synergistic effect of thermotherapy and chemotherapy on human lung adenocarcinoma cell growth are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate these effects and explore the function of ROS, Akt and caspase-3 in relation to these. A549 cells were subjected to different thermochemotherapy treatments: 43˚C heat + ...
Chen Lanzhou - - 2012
The toxicological effects of nanometer titanium dioxide (nano-TiO(2)) on a unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii were assessed by investigating the changes of the physiology and cyto-ultrastructure of this species under treatment. We found that nano-TiO(2) inhibited photosynthetic efficiency and cell growth, but the content of chlorophyll a content in algae ...
Altmeyer Anaïs - - 2012
Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major concern for physicians as its response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy remains generally poor, due, in part, to intrinsic resistance to either form of treatment. We previously reported that an irradiation with fast neutrons, which are high-linear energy transfer (LET) particles, massively induced ...
Wolf Sebastian - - 2012
Brassinosteroid (BR) signaling is required for normal plant growth as shown by the dwarf phenotype of loss-of-function BR biosynthetic or perception mutants. Despite a detailed understanding of the BR signaling network [1-3], it is not clear how exactly BRs control growth. For instance, genetic sector analysis shows that BRs, in ...
Schreiber Nicole B - - 2012
FGF9 protein affects granulosa cell function but is localized mostly to theca and stroma cells of rat ovaries. The objectives of this study were to determine the: 1) effects of FGF9 on theca cell steroidogenesis, gene expression and cell proliferation, 2) mechanism of action of FGF9 on theca cells, and ...
Tan Kheng-Lin - - 2012
Curcumin arrests the proliferation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells by stabilizing the misfolded nuclear receptor co-repressor (N-CoR) protein, thereby sensitizing APL cells to apoptosis induced by the unfolded protein response. This phenomenon was attributed to inhibition of the proteasomal and protease-induced breakdown of misfolded N-CoR by curcumin. Curcumin is, ...
Liu Fang - - 2012
Aberrant activation of Cyclin D-Cdk4/6 signaling pathway is commonly found in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Here, we show that PD-0332991, a highly specific inhibitor for Cdk4 and Cdk6, exerted growth inhibitory effects on three human PDAC cell lines. Microarray analysis revealed that PD-0332991 downregulated cell-cycle-related genes, but upregulated genes implicated ...
Zhou C H - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play important roles in occurrence, development, recurrence and metastasis of cancer. Isolation and identification of CSCs have been performed from some cancer tissues or cells. In this paper, human lung adenocarcinoma stem cells were induced and isolated from SPC-A1 cells and their characteristics were determined. SPC-A1 ...
Son Sungmin - - 2012
We introduce a microfluidic system for simultaneously measuring single-cell mass and cell cycle progression over multiple generations. We use this system to obtain over 1,000 h of growth data from mouse lymphoblast and pro-B-cell lymphoid cell lines. Cell lineage analysis revealed a decrease in the growth rate variability at the ...
Zha Tian-Zhou - - 2012
HOXA1 overexpression is sufficient for malignant transformation of nontumorigenic epithelial cells. It is known that HOXA1, which was upregulated in squamous cell carcinomas, affects both cell growth and death. The forced expression of HOXA1 in human breast cancer cells results in increased cell growth activity. However, it has not been ...
Mihaich Ellen - - 2012
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an intermediate used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. Although BPA degrades rapidly in the environment with aquatic half-lives from 0.5 to 6 d, it can be found in aquatic systems from widespread use. To evaluate potential effects from chronic exposure, fathead minnows were exposed ...
Bhattarai Govinda - - 2012
In this study, a new lanostane triterpene glycoside (Fomitoside-K) having biologically active molecules was isolated from a mushroom Fomitopsis nigra to test its anticancer activity on human oral squamous cell carcinomas (YD-10B). We focused on the effect of fomitoside-K on apoptosis, the mitochondria-mediated death pathway and the accumulation of reactive ...
Matsushita Shigeto - - 2012
Background The treatment of melanoma, an aggressive, chemo-resistant skin cancer characterized by rapid metastasis and a poor prognosis, requires the development of innovative therapies with improved efficacy. The p53R2 gene that encodes the ribonucleotide reductase small subunit 2 homologue is induced by several stress signals including DNA-damaging agents that activate ...
Cai Lei - - 2012
Photo-crosslinkable and biodegradable polymers have great promise in fabricating nerve conduits for guiding axonal growth in peripheral nerve regeneration. Here we photo-crosslinked two poly(ε-caprolactone) triacrylates (PCLTAs) with number-average molecular weights of ~7000 and ~10000 g mol-1 into substrates with parallel microgrooves. Crosslinked PCLTA7k was amorphous and soft, while crosslinked PCLTA10k ...
van Amerongen Renée R Department of Developmental Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2012
The mammary epithelium undergoes extensive growth and remodeling during pregnancy, suggesting a role for stem cells. Yet their origin, identity, and behavior in the intact tissue remain unknown. Using an Axin2(CreERT2) allele, we labeled and traced Wnt/β-catenin-responsive cells throughout mammary gland development. This reveals a switch in Wnt/β-catenin signaling around ...
Yang S - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare tumourigenic characteristics of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) and embryonal carcinoma cells (ECCs) to identify a robust and simple model for studying certain aspects of cell transformation and tumourigenesis, in tumour progression of HESCs. SSEA-3 positive ECCs (NTERA-2) cells were identified and ...
Patel Hemang J - - 2012
Despite the great use of nanomaterials for engineering and medical applications, nanomaterials may have adverse consequences by accidental exposure, because of their nanoscale size, composition and shape. Like many nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been used for many proven applications, but the size of the CNTs makes them more readily ...
Wang Shan - - 2012
Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), a type-I arginine methyltransferase, has been implicated in diverse cellular events. We have focused on the role of PRMT1 in gliomagenesis. In this study, we showed that PRMT1 expression was up-regulated in glioma tissues and cell lines compared with normal brain tissues. The knock-down of ...
Kim Mi Joung - - 2012
Aim: To investigate the anticancer effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) in combination with sorafenib in wild-type and mutant von Hippel-Lindau (VHL)-expressing renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). We exposed clear cell RCC cells to HDACIs (vorinostat or belinostat) or sorafenib. We performed 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt (MTS) assays, western blotting, flow cytometry ...
Brito S V - - 2012
Context: Amphibian skins have wide variety of biologically active compounds associated with the natural defenses of these animals. Objectives: To study the in vitro anticancer activity of methanol extracts of the skin of Rhinella jimi Stevaux (Anura: Bufonidae). Material and methods: The extract was obtained by cold methanol extraction for ...
Arakawa Hiroshi - - 2012
The biological mechanisms underlying castration resistance of prostate cancer are not fully understood. In the present study, we examined the role of organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) as importers of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) into cells to support growth under androgen-depleted conditions. Cell growth and mRNA expression of OATP genes were ...
Abebe Makonnen - - 2012
Thiol 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) has been reported to enhance growth in lymphocytes by various investigators. Some have used 50 μM for growing hybridomas in vitro. Concentrations of 50 and 5 μM in 5% FBS supplemented D-MEM were tested to determine their effects on the growth of 5 monoclonal antibody secreting mouse B cell ...
Nguyen Tracy - - 2012
In the ovarian follicular membrana granulosa there are morphological and functional differences between cells adjacent to the follicular fluid lumen, or aligning the basal lamina. Amongst the observed functional differences are steroidogenic capacity and expression levels of a novel basal lamina, focimatrix; both of which increase in the later stages ...
Chang Jun - - 2012
Bisphosphonates are well established in the management of cancer-induced skeletal complications. Recent studies suggest that nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs) promote the apoptosis of cancer cells as well as osteoclasts in bone metastatic sites. To investigate whether N-BPs exhibit a direct antitumor effect on osteoclasts, the current study investigated the effects of ...
Lu Wenzong - - 2012
AIM: We evaluated the apoptosis induction effects of celastrol in human colorectal cancer cell line HT29 in WNT/beta-catenin pathway. MAIN METHODS: HT29 cells were treated with various concentrations (10-100μM) for 24h, MTT assay was performed to examine the effect of celastrol on growth inhibition of HT29 cells. Beta-catenin siRNA was ...
Tsai Chun-Ming - - 2012
Although randomized clinical trials showed no benefit from combining epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) with standard chemotherapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), better results might be obtained by combining EGFR-TKI with individual agents that are substrates for the adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters (ABCTs) because ...
Liang Jin - - 2012
All nonmammalian vertebrates studied can regenerate inner ear mechanosensory receptors (i.e., hair cells) (Corwin and Cotanche, 1988; Lombarte et al., 1993; Baird et al., 1996), but mammals possess only a very limited capacity for regeneration after birth (Roberson and Rubel, 1994). As a result, mammals experience permanent deficiencies in hearing ...
Jaïdane Hela - - 2012
It has been hypothesized that a disturbance of central self-tolerance to islet β cells may play a role in the enteroviral pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes. Whether enteroviruses can induce an impaired expression of β-cell self-antigens in thymic epithelial cells has been investigated in a murine thymic epithelial (MTE) cell ...
Steffens Bianka - - 2012
A central question in biology is how spatial information is conveyed to locally establish a developmental program. Rice (Oryza sativa) can survive flash floods by the emergence of adventitious roots from the stem. Epidermal cells that overlie adventitious root primordia undergo cell death to facilitate root emergence. Root growth and ...
Yang Nuo - - 2012
The Hippo signaling pathway regulates cellular proliferation and survival, thus exerting profound effects on normal cell fate and tumorigenesis. We previously showed that the pivotal effector of this pathway, YAP, is amplified in tumors and promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and malignant transformation. Here, we report that overexpression of TAZ, a ...
Chen Chong - - 2012
T helper (Th) 17 cells are difficult to isolate which hinders experimental studies with these cells. Here, we report a novel method to obtain sortable, engineered mouse Th17 cells. First, we developed lentiviral vector (XZ12) containing RORγt gene and mouse ΔNGFR gene complemented with IL17A promoter (pXZ12-RORγt). As control, we ...
Qu Yan - - 2012
In mammalian cells, SIRT1 decreases PTEN acetylation and inactivates the AKT pathway in a SIRT1 deacetylase-dependent manner. However, the function of SIRT1 in glioma was unknown. SIRT1 reexpression or knockdown was induced in human glioma cell lines. The cell synchronization, BrdU labeling and mitotic index were detected. Subsequently, cell cycle, ...
Gao Xiaohua - - 2012
Previously, we reported that fenvalerate (Fen) promotes proliferation of human uterine leiomyoma (UtLM) cells by enhancing progression of cells from G(0)-G(1) to S phase through molecular mechanisms independent of estrogen receptor-α and -β. The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p27, which blocks G(1) to S phase transitions and is an important ...
Some Surajit - - 2012
Dual-function poly(L-lysine) (PLL) composites that function as antibacterial agents and promote the growth of human cell culture have been sought by researchers for a long period. In this paper, we report the preparation of new graphene derivative-PLL composites via electrostatic interactions and covalent bonding between graphene derivatives and PLL. The ...
Tucker Trudy-Ann - - 2012
Rhodococcus is an important industrial microorganism that possesses diverse metabolic capabilities; it also has a cell envelope, composed of an outer layer of mycolic acids and glycolipids. Selected Rhodococcus species when induced are capable of transforming nitriles to the corresponding amide by the enzyme nitrile hydratase (NHase), and subsequently to ...
Yin Xianhua - - 2012
The present study examined the survival of Salmonella Typhimurium and its adherence to intestinal epithelial cells following inoculation into grapefruit juice and apple cider. Both liquids significantly inactivated S. Typhimurium (0.8-2.2 log reduction compared to the control); surviving Salmonella in grapefruit juice was 1.0-1.4 log lower than in apple cider ...
Kim Hong-Gyum - - 2012
Inorganic arsenic is a well-documented human carcinogen associated with cancers of the skin, lung, liver, and bladder. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining the tumorigenic role of arsenic are not well understood. The present study explored a potential mechanism of cell transformation induced by arsenic exposure. Exposure to a low dose ...
Speca Silvia S Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine and Public Health, University of L'Aquila, 67100 L'Aquila, - - 2012
Fibrosis is a chronic and progressive process characterized by an excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) leading to stiffening and/or scarring of the involved tissue. Intestinal fibrosis may develop in several different enteropathies, including inflammatory bowel disease. It develops through complex cell, extracellular matrix, cytokine and growth factor interactions. Distinct ...
Huang Xiaolin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of Bcl2 pathway is implicated in the pathogenesis of uveal melanoma (UM). Oncolytic adenovirus H101 is the world's first oncolytic viral therapy for cancer approved for clinical use. We aimed to explore a potential synergy of downregulating Bcl2 pathway using a small interfering RNA (siBCL2) combined with H101 ...
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