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Lei Xiufen X Departments of Pediatrics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2012
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling regulates cell growth and survival. Dysregulation of the TGF-β pathway is common in viral infection and cancer. Latent infection by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is required for the development of several AIDS-related malignancies, including Kaposi's sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). KSHV encodes more ...
Ferrezuelo Francisco - - 2012
Budding yeast cells are assumed to trigger Start and enter the cell cycle only after they attain a critical size set by external conditions. However, arguing against deterministic models of cell size control, cell volume at Start displays great individual variability even under constant conditions. Here we show that cell ...
Schürg Timo - - 2012
Directed growth or movement is a common feature of microbial development and propagation. In polar growing filamentous fungi, directed growth requires the interaction of signal sensing machineries with factors controlling polarity and cell tip extension. In N. crassa an unusual mode of cell-cell signaling mediates mutual attraction of germinating spores, ...
Grigsby Jeffery - - 2012
Purpose: Acrolein has been implicated in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell death, and has been associated with diabetic retinopathy. Our purpose was to investigate the potential effect of high glucose in influencing acrolein-mediated RPE cytokine production and cell death. We investigated the influence of the acrolein effect on ARPE-19 cells ...
Mitchison Timothy T Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School and Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, - - 2012
Ray Rappaport spent many years studying microtubule asters, and how they induce cleavage furrows. Here, we review recent progress on aster structure and dynamics in zygotes and early blastomeres of Xenopus laevis and Zebrafish, where cells are extremely large. Mitotic and interphase asters differ markedly in size, and only interphase ...
Qing Fangzhu - - 2012
The effects of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HA-NPs) on two kinds of cells, human MG63 cells and the normal osteoblasts were investigated. According to the MTT assay and fluorescent staining assay, it was proved that HA-NPs could inhibit the growth of MG63 cells but slightly support proliferation of the osteoblasts. Meanwhile, transmission ...
Kim Byung Joo - - 2012
Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 7 (TRPM7) plays a role in a number of physiological and pharmacological functions in variety of cells. The aim of this study was to clarify the role for TRPM7 channels and the effect of waixenicin A on the pacemaking activity of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) ...
Rupik Weronika - - 2012
Reptilian myotomal myogenesis is poorly understood. This paper reports on structural, ultrastructural and immunocytochemical studies of muscle differentiation in sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) embryos. During somitogenesis, the somites are composed of epithelial vesicles with a centrally located somitocoel. At later developmental stages the ventral portion of the somite cortex disaggregates ...
Nakamura Moritaka - - 2012
Plant tissues commonly undergo morphogenesis within a single tissue layer or between associated cells of the same tissue type such as vascular cells. Tissue morphogenesis may rely on an underlying tissue polarity marked by coordinated unidirectional asymmetric localisation of molecules to ends of cells. When observed in the plane of ...
Iwata Eriko - - 2012
Endomitosis and endoreplication are atypical modes of cell cycle that results in genome duplication in single nucleus. Because the cell size of given cell type is generally proportional to the nuclear DNA content, endoreplication and endomitosis are effective strategy of cell growth, which are widespread in multicellular organisms, especially those ...
Jahn Stephan C SC Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2012
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which differentiated epithelial cells transition to a mesenchymal phenotype. EMT enables the escape of epithelial cells from the rigid structural constraints of the tissue architecture to a phenotype more amenable to cell migration and, therefore, invasion and metastasis. We characterized ...
Zhu Yingdong - - 2012
We have identified alkylresorcinols (ARs) as the major active components in wheat bran against human colon cancer cell growth (HCT-116 and HT-29) using a bioassay-guided approach. To further study the structure-activity relationships, fifteen ARs and their intermediates (1-15) were synthesized expediently by the modified Wittig reaction in aqueous media and ...
Schiessl Katharina - - 2012
In all multicellular organisms, the links between patterning genes, cell growth, cell cycle, cell size homeostasis, and organ growth are poorly understood, partly due to the difficulty of dynamic, 3D analysis of cell behavior in growing organs. A crucial step in plant organogenesis is the emergence of organ primordia from ...
Liao Wanqin - - 2012
Osteopetrosis, a disorder of skeletal bone, can cause death during childhood. We previously described a new spontaneous autosomal recessive osteopetrosis mouse mutant, "new toothless" (ntl). In this study, we reported for the first time the identification, cloning and characterization of the coiled-coil domain-containing 154 (CCDC154), a novel gene whose deletion ...
Oliveira G A R - - 2012
Chrysin is one of the natural flavonoids present in plants, and large amounts are present in honey and propolis. In addition to anticancer, antioxidation, and anti-inflammatory activities, chrysin has also been reported to be an inhibitor of aromatase, an enzyme converting testosterone into estrogen. The present study evaluated the mutagenicity ...
Shi Lei - - 2012
Meningiomas, one of the most common benign brain tumors in humans, arise from arachnoid cells in the brain meninges. Our investigations have revealed that miR-335 is a typical microRNA overexpressed in meningiomas in humans. Characterization of the effects of miR-335 overexpression in meningiomas demonstrated that elevated levels of miR-335 increased ...
Dello Ioio Raffaele - - 2012
The hormone cytokinin (CK) controls root length in Arabidopsis thaliana by defining where dividing cells, derived from stem cells of the root meristem, start to differentiate [1-6]. However, the regulatory inputs directing CK to promote differentiation remain poorly understood. Here, we show that the HD-ZIPIII transcription factor PHABULOSA (PHB) directly activates ...
Liptáková L'ubica - - 2012
Abiotic stress-induced superoxide generation depending on its localization, level, duration and presumably also on the action of other signals may lead to different stress responses. The purpose of this study was to analyze the alterations in superoxide generation and morphogenesis following short-term Cd, IAA and alloxan treatments, during stress and ...
Tiwari Aparna - - 2012
Fruit set involves a series of physiological and morphological changes that is well described for tomato and Arabidopsis but largely unknown for sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum). The aim of this paper is to investigate whether mechanisms of fruit set observed in Arabidopsis and tomato are also applicable to C. annuum. ...
Szeliga Monika - - 2012
O(6) -methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a DNA repair protein promoting resistance of tumor cells to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents. Glioma cells are particularly resistant to this class of drugs which include temozolomide (TMZ) and carmustine (BCNU). A previous study using the RNA microarray technique showed that decrease of MGMT mRNA stands ...
Hossain Motarab M Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, - - 2012
Glioblastoma, the deadliest brain tumor in humans, responds poorly to conventional chemotherapeutic agents because of existence of highly chemoresistant human brain tumor stem cells (HBTSC). An effective therapeutic strategy is urgently needed to target HBTSC as well as other glioblastoma cells. We explored synergistic efficacy of a low dose of ...
Deeraksa A A Department of Medicine, Section of Immunology Allergy and Rheumatology, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (PCa) is refractory to hormone therapy and new strategies for treatment are urgently needed. We found that androgen-insensitive (AI) PCa cells, LNCaP-AI, are reprogrammed to upregulate the mitotic kinase Plk1 (Polo-like kinase 1) and other M-phase cell-cycle proteins, which may underlie AI PCa growth. In androgen-depleted media, ...
Ly P P Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2013
Trisomy for chromosome 7 is frequently observed as an initiating event in sporadic colorectal cancer. Although unstable chromosome numbers and recurrent aneuploidies drive a large fraction of human cancers, targeted therapies selective to pre-neoplastic trisomic cells are non-existent. We have previously characterized a trisomy 7 cell line (1CT+7) spontaneously derived ...
Tyson Darren R - - 2012
We present an integrated method that uses extended time-lapse automated imaging to quantify the dynamics of cell proliferation. Cell counts are fit with a quiescence-growth model that estimates rates of cell division, entry into quiescence and death. The model is constrained with rates extracted experimentally from the behavior of tracked ...
Kobayashi Yusuke - - 2012
Excess thymidine induces unbalanced growth by delaying DNA replication and subsequently induces senescence in every human cell type. Our previous studies with use of inhibitors suggested that ERK1/2 has a major role in these processes. Here we directly assessed the roles of ERK1 and ERK2 in unbalanced growth induced by ...
Gupta Rajesh Kumar - - 2012
Extracellular matrices (ECM) have important roles for tissue architecture, both as structural and signaling components. Members of the integrin family are the main regulators of ECM assembly and transmitters of signals from the ECM to cells. In this study, we have analyzed the role of integrin subunit β1 in two-dimensional ...
Empl M T - - 2012
Vineatrol(®) 30 is a grapevine-shoot extract, which contains resveratrol as well as considerable amounts of so-called resveratrol oligomers such as hopeaphenol and r2-viniferin. In this study, we analysed whether the two above-mentioned resveratrol oligomers were able to inhibit the growth of the canine glioblastoma cell line D-GBM and the canine ...
Vu Thao Thi Thu - - 2012
Alginate hydrogels possess tunable mechanical properties that can mimic soft marrow tissue and present three-dimensional (3D) cues. This study evaluates its utility for supporting leukemic cell growth in vitro and its impact on cell survival, growth, and differentiation. Our results showed that the standard viscosity alginates had compromised leukemia cell ...
Li Lifang - - 2012
Septins were identified for their role in septation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and were subsequently implicated in other morphogenic processes. To study septins in Candida albicans hyphal morphogenesis, a temperature-sensitive mutation was created that altered the C terminus of the essential Cdc12 septin. The cdc12-6 cells grew well at room temperature, ...
Rodrigues Maria Elisa - - 2012
The selection of a serum-free medium for a particular process of production using mammalian cells is a critical step for its success. In this study, seven commercially available serum-free media (EX-CELL, ISF-I, CD CHO, CDM4CHO, CHO-III-A, Octomed and HybridoMed) were evaluated and compared for cell growth and monoclonal antibody (mAb) ...
Patel Dev Dutt - - 2012
Ionizing irradiation induces severe damage to the intestinal crypt cells which are responsible for renovation and maintenance of the intestinal cellular architecture. Therefore, protection of intestinal cells and tissue against lethal irradiation using a semiquinone glucoside derivative (SQGD) isolated from radioresistant bacterium Bacillus sp. INM-1 is the prime focus of ...
Yamazaki Mami - - 2012
Ghrelin, isolated from the stomach as an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), has potent growth hormone release ability in vivo and in vitro. Although GHS-R is abundantly expressed in the pituitary gland, there is no direct evidence of a relationship between hormone-producing cells and functional GHS-R ...
Christman Karen L - - 2012
Injection of a growth factor in a self-assembling nanofiber scaffold has the potential to create a suitable microenvironment and recruit endogenous cells for cardiac repair (Lin et al., this issue).
Kim Shin - - 2012
Previously, we have synthesized a novel cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, 2-[1,1'biphenyl]-4-yl-N-[5-(1,1-dioxo-1λ(6) -isothiazolidin-2-yl)-1H-indazol-3-yl]acetamide (BAI) and reported its anti-cancer activity in head and neck cancer cells. In this study, we further evaluated the effect of BAI on growth of various human cancer cell lines, including A549 (non small cell lung cancer), HCT116 ...
Choi Sun Il - - 2012
The herb Liriope platyphylla (LP) has been considered to have curative properties for diabetes, asthma and neurodegenerative disorders. To examine the effects of steaming time and frequency of manufactured red LP (RLP) on the nerve growth factor (NGF) secretion ability and NGF receptor signaling pathway, the NGF concentration, cell differentiation, ...
Balint Richard - - 2012
New advances in tissue engineering are being made through the application of different types of electrical stimuli to influence cell proliferation and differentiation. Developments made in the last decade have allowed us to improve the structure and functionality of tissue engineered products through the use of growth factors, hormones, drugs, ...
Saisho Yoshifumi Y Larry L. Hillblom Islet Research Center, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
We sought to establish β-cell mass, β-cell apoptosis, and β-cell replication in humans in response to obesity and advanced age. We examined human autopsy pancreas from 167 nondiabetic individuals 20-102 years of age. The effect of obesity on β-cell mass was examined in 53 lean and 61 obese subjects, and ...
Wang Lin - - 2012
Mechanisms of synergistic effect of thermotherapy and chemotherapy on human lung adenocarcinoma cell growth are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate these effects and explore the function of ROS, Akt and caspase-3 in relation to these. A549 cells were subjected to different thermochemotherapy treatments: 43˚C heat + ...
Chen Lanzhou - - 2012
The toxicological effects of nanometer titanium dioxide (nano-TiO(2)) on a unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii were assessed by investigating the changes of the physiology and cyto-ultrastructure of this species under treatment. We found that nano-TiO(2) inhibited photosynthetic efficiency and cell growth, but the content of chlorophyll a content in algae ...
Altmeyer Anaïs - - 2012
Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major concern for physicians as its response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy remains generally poor, due, in part, to intrinsic resistance to either form of treatment. We previously reported that an irradiation with fast neutrons, which are high-linear energy transfer (LET) particles, massively induced ...
Wolf Sebastian - - 2012
Brassinosteroid (BR) signaling is required for normal plant growth as shown by the dwarf phenotype of loss-of-function BR biosynthetic or perception mutants. Despite a detailed understanding of the BR signaling network [1-3], it is not clear how exactly BRs control growth. For instance, genetic sector analysis shows that BRs, in ...
Schreiber Nicole B - - 2012
FGF9 protein affects granulosa cell function but is localized mostly to theca and stroma cells of rat ovaries. The objectives of this study were to determine the: 1) effects of FGF9 on theca cell steroidogenesis, gene expression and cell proliferation, 2) mechanism of action of FGF9 on theca cells, and ...
Tan Kheng-Lin - - 2012
Curcumin arrests the proliferation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells by stabilizing the misfolded nuclear receptor co-repressor (N-CoR) protein, thereby sensitizing APL cells to apoptosis induced by the unfolded protein response. This phenomenon was attributed to inhibition of the proteasomal and protease-induced breakdown of misfolded N-CoR by curcumin. Curcumin is, ...
Liu Fang - - 2012
Aberrant activation of Cyclin D-Cdk4/6 signaling pathway is commonly found in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Here, we show that PD-0332991, a highly specific inhibitor for Cdk4 and Cdk6, exerted growth inhibitory effects on three human PDAC cell lines. Microarray analysis revealed that PD-0332991 downregulated cell-cycle-related genes, but upregulated genes implicated ...
Zhou C H - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play important roles in occurrence, development, recurrence and metastasis of cancer. Isolation and identification of CSCs have been performed from some cancer tissues or cells. In this paper, human lung adenocarcinoma stem cells were induced and isolated from SPC-A1 cells and their characteristics were determined. SPC-A1 ...
Son Sungmin - - 2012
We introduce a microfluidic system for simultaneously measuring single-cell mass and cell cycle progression over multiple generations. We use this system to obtain over 1,000 h of growth data from mouse lymphoblast and pro-B-cell lymphoid cell lines. Cell lineage analysis revealed a decrease in the growth rate variability at the ...
Zha Tian-Zhou - - 2012
HOXA1 overexpression is sufficient for malignant transformation of nontumorigenic epithelial cells. It is known that HOXA1, which was upregulated in squamous cell carcinomas, affects both cell growth and death. The forced expression of HOXA1 in human breast cancer cells results in increased cell growth activity. However, it has not been ...
Mihaich Ellen - - 2012
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an intermediate used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. Although BPA degrades rapidly in the environment with aquatic half-lives from 0.5 to 6 d, it can be found in aquatic systems from widespread use. To evaluate potential effects from chronic exposure, fathead minnows were exposed ...
Bhattarai Govinda - - 2012
In this study, a new lanostane triterpene glycoside (Fomitoside-K) having biologically active molecules was isolated from a mushroom Fomitopsis nigra to test its anticancer activity on human oral squamous cell carcinomas (YD-10B). We focused on the effect of fomitoside-K on apoptosis, the mitochondria-mediated death pathway and the accumulation of reactive ...
Matsushita Shigeto - - 2012
Background The treatment of melanoma, an aggressive, chemo-resistant skin cancer characterized by rapid metastasis and a poor prognosis, requires the development of innovative therapies with improved efficacy. The p53R2 gene that encodes the ribonucleotide reductase small subunit 2 homologue is induced by several stress signals including DNA-damaging agents that activate ...
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