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Li Hui - - 2012
This study has investigated the growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effects of dihydrotanshinone, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, and cryptotanshinone on hematological malignancy cell lines, aiming to explore their structure-activity relationship. The growth-inhibitory effects of the tanshinones on K562 and Raji cells were assessed using a modified MTT assay; the apoptosis-inducing effects were ...
Schulte J H - - 2012
Neuroblastoma is an embryonal tumor with a heterogeneous clinical course. The tumor is presumed to be derived from the neural crest, but the cells of origin remain to be determined. To date, few recurrent genetic changes contributing to neuroblastoma formation, such as amplification of the MYCN oncogene and activating mutations ...
Wang Tao - - 2012
The evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine protein kinase target-of-rapamycin (TOR) controls cell growth as a core component of TOR complexes 1 (TORC1) and 2 (TORC2). Although TORC1 is the more central growth regulator, TORC2 has also been shown to affect cell growth. Here, we demonstrate that Drosophila LST8, the only conserved TOR-binding ...
Fujikawa Makoto - - 2012
F(o)F(1)-ATP synthase (F(o)F(1)) synthesizes ATP in mitochondria coupled with proton flow driven by the proton motive force (pmf) across membranes. It has been known that isolated IF1, an evolutionarily well conserved mitochondrial protein, can inhibit the ATP hydrolysis activity of F(o)F(1). Here, we generated HeLa cells with permanent IF1 knockdown ...
Sztiller-Sikorska Malgorzata - - 2012
Melanomas contain subsets of cancer stem-like cells with tumor-initiating capacity. The frequency of these cells in the tumor is still a topic of debate. We investigated the phenotypic plasticity of cancer cells grown as melanospheres to elucidate the influence of the microenvironment on some features of melanoma stem-like cells. Cells ...
Cui Xiaofeng X Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2012
Bioprinting as a promising but unexplored approach for cartilage tissue engineering has the advantages of high throughput, digital control, and highly accurate placement of cells and biomaterial scaffold to the targeted 3D locations with simultaneous polymerization. This study tested feasibility of using bioprinting for cartilage engineering and examined the influence ...
Wei Qinzhi - - 2012
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) ), a substance involved in cellular oxidative stress, has been observed to induce an adaptive response, which is characterized by a protection against the toxic effect of H(2) O(2) at higher concentrations. However, the molecular mechanism for the adaptive response remains unclear. In particular, the existing ...
Liu Yi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between the expression of ZEB1 gene and the proliferation ability of lung adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and Real-time PCR were used to detect the expression of ZEB1 gene in lung adenocarcinoma tissue and cell lines compared with adjacent noncancerous region and the human ...
Wang Haijuan - - 2012
Chidamide, the structural analog of MS-275, is a novel and promising histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor for use in cancer therapy. To investigate its effects on cancer cell growth, MTT assay was performed in 10 human cancer cell lines. The data showed that the IC50 of Chidamide ranged from 1 to ...
Samadi Abbas K - - 2012
Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. While effective therapy exists for the primary tumor, there is a lack of effective treatment for metastatic disease currently. Natural withanolide withaferin A (WA) has shown efficacy in cancers demonstrating upregulation of pro-survival pathways. The purpose of the ...
Gierke Sarah S Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2012
Epithelial remodeling, in which apical-basal polarized cells switch to a migratory phenotype, plays a central role in development and disease of multicellular organisms. Although dynamic microtubules (MTs) are required for directed migration on flat surfaces, how MT dynamics are controlled or contribute to epithelial remodeling in a more physiological three-dimensional ...
de Vries Margriet M - - 2012
de Vries M M, Celestino R, Castro P, Eloy C, Máximo V, van der Wal J E, Plukker J T M, Links T P, Hofstra R M W, Sobrinho-Simões M & Soares P (2012) Histopathology RET/PTC rearrangement is prevalent in follicular Hürthle cell carcinomas Aims:  The molecular alterations underlying follicular ...
Lajter Ildikó - - 2012
Aqueous and organic extracts of 27 selected species from five genera (Fallopia, Oxyria, Persicaria, Polygonum and Rumex) of the family Polygonaceae occurring in the Carpathian Basin were screened in vitro for antiproliferative activity against HeLa (cervix epithelial adenocarcinoma), A431 (skin epidermoid carcinoma) and MCF7 (breast epithelial adenocarcinoma) cells, using the ...
Tarulli Gerard A - - 2012
New data has challenged the convention that the adult Sertoli cell population is fixed and unmodifiable. The Sertoli cell has 2 distinct functions, i) formation of the seminiferous cords and ii) provision of nutritional and structural support to developing germ cells. For these to occur successfully, Sertoli cells must undergo ...
Simsa-Maziel Stav - - 2012
The proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β is elevated in many childhood chronic inflammatory diseases as well as obesity and can be associated with growth retardation. Here we show that IL-1β affects bone growth by directly disturbing the normal sequence of events in the growth plate, resulting in increased proliferation and widening of ...
Westenberg Marcel - - 2012
Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), a member of the type I alphabaculoviruses, is able to transduce and deliver a functional gene to a range of non-host cells, including many mammalian lines and primary cells, a property mediated by the envelope fusion protein GP64. AcMNPV is non-cytopathic and inherently replication deficient ...
Wilson Jamie L - - 2012
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoactive peptide which signals through two G-protein coupled receptors, endothelin receptor A (ETA) and B (ETB). We determined that ET-1 activation of its ETB receptor in stably cDNA transfected CHO cells leads to a 55% reduction in cell number by end-point cell counting and a 35% ...
Yang Qiu-Jun - - 2012
Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most common malignant bone tumors. Despite the advancement of diagnosis and treatment for OS, the prognosis remains poor. We investigated the proliferation inhibitory effect of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for human OS and the possible mechanism underlying this effect. We examined the proliferation inhibition ...
Okayama Miki - - 2012
To evaluate the role of SNARE proteins in the constitutive exocytosis, we knocked down syntaxin 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and VAMP3, 5, 7, 8 with their siRNAs, and determined the cell-to-medium ratio of CLuc, a secreted luciferase of Cypridina noctiluca. Although the protein level of SNAREs in HeLa cells ...
He Jing - - 2012
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway functions in many cellular processes, including cell growth, proliferation, differentiation and survival. Recent advances have demonstrated that differentiated somatic cells can be directly reprogrammed into the pluripotent state by the overexpression of several pluripotency transcription factors. However, whether the mTOR signaling pathway ...
Lin Jyh Ming - - 2012
Honokiol possesses many pharmacological activities including anti-cancer properties. Here in, we designed and synthesized honokiol analogs that block major honokiol metabolic pathway which may enhance their effectiveness. We studied their cytotoxicity in human cancer cells and evaluated possible mechanism of cell cycle arrest. Two analogs, namely 2 and 4, showed ...
Das Nando Dulal - - 2012
Terminalia chebula is a native plant from southern Asia to southwestern China that is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of malignant tumors and diabetes. This plant also has antibacterial and immunomodulatory properties. The present study assessed T. chebula extract-dependent protein expression changes in Jurkat cells. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight ...
Zhang Jinqiang J Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in the development and progression of human cancers. We investigated the roles and mechanisms of miR-26a in human cholangiocarcinoma. We used in situ hybridization and quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction to measure expression of miR-26a in human cholangiocarcinoma tissues and cell lines (eg, CCLP1, ...
Pan Jie - - 2012
WW domain-containing transcription regulator 1 (WWTR1) was initially identified as a transcriptional coactivator involved in the differentiation of stem cells as well as the development of multiple organs. Recently, WWTR1 has also been identified as a major component of the novel Hippo signalling pathway important for the development of breast ...
Ishikawa Yuichi - - 2012
The cylindromatosis gene (CYLD) encodes a deubiquitinase that was initially identified as a tumor suppressor and has recently been investigated in connection with a variety of normal physiological processes. In contrast to its cell-proliferative activity, the effect of CYLD protein on cell migration has been a matter of debate. We ...
Li Xin - - 2012
Candidate of metastasis-1 (COM-1) is a molecule which is stress-induced and cell growth-related. The current study investigated the impact of COM-1 and role of Peroxisome Proliferating Activator Receptor-gamma (PPARγ) agonists on COM-1 knock down in colorectal cancer cells. Expression of COM-1 was knocked out in the colorectal cancer cell lines ...
Lee Shanjean - - 2012
Following the recent demonstration of increased mitochondrial DNA mutations in lymphocytes of POAG patients, the authors sought to characterize mitochondrial function in a separate cohort of POAG. Using similar methodology to that previous applied to Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) patients, maximal adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis and cellular respiration rates, ...
Navenot Jean-Marc - - 2012
The objective of this study was to use the established xenograft model of human melanoma (C8161.9) to test a pharmacological approach to the effect of the metastasis suppressor KISS1. A KISS1 analog was used to inhibit the metastatic development of C8161.9 cells in nude mice. Further experiments were performed to ...
Nurmio Mirja - - 2012
FSH stimulates testicular growth by increasing Sertoli cell proliferation and elongation of seminiferous cords. Little is known about the peritubular myoid cells in testicular development. In order to investigate the role of peritubular myoid cells in early testicular growth in rodents, two traditional models to induce testicular growth were used: ...
Chen Lei - - 2012
Derivatives of oleanolic acid were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their growth inhibition against human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) and colon cancer cell line (Col-02). Several derivatives exhibited moderate-to-good inhibitory activity, with 3 displaying the most promising inhibition [GI(50) = 1.75 μM (HepG2), 0.71 μM (Col-02)]. Structure-activity relationship analyses of these derivatives ...
Ni Yan-Hong - - 2012
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a tumor angiogenesis factor that is important in immune regulation. In our previous study, we found that VEGF expression in the peripheral blood and neoplasm nest from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was positively correlated with the course of disease, while an ...
Trošić Ivančica - - 2012
This article gives a review or several hypotheses on the biological effects of non-thermal radiofrequency/microwave (RF/MW) radiation and discusses our own findings from animal and in vitro studies performed over the last decade. We have found that RF/MW radiation disturbs cell proliferation and leads to cell differentiation in the bone ...
Chang J Y - - 2012
By introducing a small backward dedifferentiation probability of postmitotic cells to progenitor cells in a recently proposed skin cell proliferation model, the homeostasis of the system can be disrupted resulting in uncontrolled growth. It is found that when the dedifferentiation probability exceeds a small critical value, the stable fixed point ...
Chen Chuan-Rong - - 2012
Virosecurinine, the major alkaloid isolated from Securinega suffruticosa Pall Rehd was found to exhibit growth inhibition and cytotoxicity against huaman colon cancer SW480 cells via the microculture tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Due to its greater cytotoxic potency and selectivity towards SW480 cells, flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell cycle ...
Li Hongmei - - 2012
p75NTR is a low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor, which promotes cell proliferation as a positive modulator of high-affinity receptor TrkA, as well as binds with cell ligands to induce apoptosis and mediate death signals. To analyze the regulatory mechanisms of p75NTR, the present study utilized a new membrane yeast two-hybrid ...
Li Yanbo - - 2012
This study examined the effects of TRAIL-endostatin-based gene-radiotherapy on cellular growth, apoptosis and cell cycle progression in human vascular endothelial cells ECV304 in vitro. The expression of TRAIL and endostatin protein in ECV304 cells was detected by ELISA after the transfection of recombinant plasmid pshuttle-Egr1-shTRAIL-shES and X-ray irradiation. Then MTT ...
Federici Fernán - - 2012
We present the coupled use of specifically localized fluorescent gene markers and image processing for automated quantitative analysis of cell growth and genetic activity across living plant tissues. We used fluorescent protein markers to identify cells, create seeds and boundaries for the automatic segmentation of cell geometries and ratiometrically measure ...
Malik Ajay - - 2012
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is a spindle cell neoplasm of histiocytic-dendritic cells origin. It is known to occur in lymph nodes and rarely has been reported in extranodal tissues like head and neck, mediastinum and gastrointestinal tract. We herein report the first FDCS arising from anal canal in a ...
Watson Erica D - - 2012
Immunofluorescence staining of actin (red), keratin 18 (green) and DNA (blue) in Mrj(-/-) trophoblast stem cells cultured in the absence of growth factors. From Watson et al., Developmental Dynamics 240:2505-2519, 2011.
Teta Monica - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the expression of many mammalian genes and play key roles in embryonic hair follicle development; however, little is known of their functions in postnatal hair growth. We compared the effects of deleting the essential miRNA biogenesis enzymes Drosha and Dicer in mouse skin epithelial cells at successive ...
Hu Diane - - 2012
Multiple fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) ligands are expressed in the forebrain and facial ectoderm, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is expressed in the facial ectoderm. Both pathways activate the MAP kinase cascade and can be suppressed by SU5402. We placed a bead soaked in SU5402 into the brain after ...
Davies Maria - - 2012
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is known to act as a tumour suppressor early in carcinogenesis, but then switches to a pro-metastatic factor in some late stage cancers. However, the actions of TGF-β are context dependent, and it is currently unclear how TGF-β influences the progression of human squamous cell carcinoma ...
Deckelbaum Ron A - - 2012
The characterization of mesenchymal progenitors is central to understanding development, postnatal pathology and evolutionary adaptability. The precise identity of the mesenchymal precursors that generate the coronal suture, an important structural boundary in mammalian skull development, remains unclear. We show in mouse that coronal suture progenitors originate from hedgehog-responsive cephalic paraxial ...
Yang Fan - - 2012
Medulloblastoma is the most common brain tumor in children. Here, we report that bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, induced apoptosis and inhibited cell proliferation in two established cell lines and a primary culture of human medulloblastomas. Bortezomib increased the release of cytochrome c to cytosol and activated caspase-9 and caspase-3, resulting ...
Fullár Alexandra - - 2012
Co-culture of periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts and SCC-25 oral squamous carcinoma cells (OSCC), results in conversion of PDLs into carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). Paracrin circuits between CAFs and OSCC cells were hypothesized to regulate the gene expression of matrix remodeling enzymes in their co-culture, which was performed for 7days, followed by ...
Sikka Arron A Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, - - 2012
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth leading cancer in the world; the main risk factors are alcohol and tobacco use. Advancements in therapies have yet to improve the prognosis of HNSCC. The connection between diabetes and cancer is being recognized, and metformin has been shown to ...
Elberg Dorit - - 2012
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited cause of kidney failure and characterized by the formation of multiple fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys. It is believed that environmental factors may play an important role in the disease progression. However, the molecular identity of autocrine/paracrine factors influencing ...
Shih Wenting - - 2012
Cancer cells that originate from epithelial tissues typically lose epithelial specific cell-cell junctions, but these transformed cells are not devoid of cell-cell adhesion proteins. Using hepatocyte-growth-factor-treated MDCK cells that underwent a complete epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, we analyzed cell-cell adhesion between these highly invasive transformed epithelial cells in a three-dimensional (3D) collagen ...
Le Xu - - 2012
Both the Notch1 and PI3K/Akt pathways are aberrantly activated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) and involved in the tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to test our hypothesis that elevated Notch1 signaling activity exerts its growth-promoting effects via the PI3K/Akt pathway in CCRCC. To investigate the relationship ...
Skaalure Stacey C - - 2012
Encapsulation of autologous adult cartilage cells (chondrocytes) in hydrolytically degradable hydrogels may provide a clinically viable tissue engineering therapy for replacement of damaged or osteoarthritic cartilage. When designing a tissue engineering scaffold, it is crucial to evaluate adult chondrocytes due to their limited growth potential. The objective for this study ...
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