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Dalton Dyana K DK Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dartmouth Medical School, 1 Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA. - - 2012
The tumor microenvironment (TME), which is composed of stromal cells such as endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and immune cells, provides a supportive niche promoting the growth and invasion of tumors. The TME also raises an immunosuppressive barrier to effective antitumor immune responses and is therefore emerging as a target for cancer ...
Grünberger Alexander - - 2012
In the continuously growing field of industrial biotechnology the scale-up from lab to industrial scale is still a major hurdle to develop competitive bioprocesses. During scale-up the productivity of single cells might be affected by bioreactor inhomogeneity and population heterogeneity. Currently, these complex interactions are difficult to investigate. In this ...
Pisapia L - - 2012
Endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs), which are predominantly present in the environment, are able to mimic or antagonise the biological activity of hormones primarily through the interaction with specific receptors. The main consequences are adverse effects on the growth and development of reproductive organs, the induction of cancer and effects on ...
Fateye Babasola - - 2012
Tumor recurrence due to incomplete eradication of tumor cells is a major problem facing current cancer therapies. To overcome this problem, it is necessary to enhance cell killing and/or prevent cell regrowth after treatment. Because phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3K) pathway plays an important role in stimulating cell survival and growth, we ...
Wei Xingchuan - - 2012
Sixty-one curcumin-related compounds were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity toward cultured prostate cancer PC-3 cells, pancreas cancer Panc-1 cells and colon cancer HT-29 cells. Inhibitory effects of these compounds on the growth of PC-3, Panc-1 and HT-29 cells were determined by the MTT assay. Compounds E10, F10, FN1 ...
Zhu Xiaolan - - 2012
Increasing evidence suggests that hsa-miR-126 (miR-126) is down-regulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and the restoration of miR-126 impairs tumor cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and survival by targeting specific molecules. Here, we reported for the first time that miR-126 was involved in regulating the response of NSCLC ...
Jeanes Alexa I - - 2012
Understanding how cell cycle is regulated in normal mammary epithelia is essential for deciphering defects of breast cancer and therefore for developing new therapies. Signals provided by both the extracellular matrix and growth factors are essential for epithelial cell proliferation. However, the mechanisms by which adhesion controls cell cycle in ...
Eisenhoffer George T - - 2012
For an epithelium to provide a protective barrier, it must maintain homeostatic cell numbers by matching the number of dividing cells with the number of dying cells. Although compensatory cell division can be triggered by dying cells, it is unknown how cell death might relieve overcrowding due to proliferation. When ...
Marinari Eliana E Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2012
The development and maintenance of an epithelium requires finely balanced rates of growth and cell death. However, the mechanical and biochemical mechanisms that ensure proper feedback control of tissue growth, which when deregulated contribute to tumorigenesis, are poorly understood. Here we use the fly notum as a model system to ...
Li Ying - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to investigate the role of Aplysia Ras Homolog I (ARHI) on cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, and other biological characteristics of HER2-positive breast cancer cells. Our goal was to provide experimental evidence for the development of future effective treatments of HER2-positive breast cancer. A pcDNA3.1-ARHI ...
Collins Charlotte A CA Epidermal Stem Cell Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Centre for Stem Cell Research, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QR, - - 2012
Hair follicle development and growth are regulated by Wnt signalling and depend on interactions between epidermal cells and a population of fibroblasts at the base of the follicle, known as the dermal papilla (DP). DP cells have a distinct gene expression signature from non-DP dermal fibroblasts. However, their origins are ...
Guo Jun-Li JL Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Medicine, Cancer Research Institute of Affiliated Hospital, Hainan Medical College, Haikou 571199, Hainan Province, - - 2012
To investigate the inhibitory role of toxicarioside A on the gastric cancer cell line human gastric cancer cell line (SGC-7901) and determine the underlying molecular mechanism. After SGC-7901 cells were treated with toxicarioside A at various concentrations (0.5, 1.5, 4.5, 9.0 μg/mL) for 24 h or 48 h, cell viability ...
Gibson W T - - 2012
In both plants and animals, the interplay between mechanical force generation and mechanical sensing plays a stabilizing role in many developmental processes. Uyttewaal et al. now demonstrate that cells in the Arabidopsis shoot apical meristem respond to local mechanical stresses by reorienting their growth, thereby guiding morphogenesis. Notably, the mechanism underlying ...
Koh Duk-Su - - 2012
Glucose supply fluctuates between meal and fasting periods and its consumption by the body varies greatly depending on bodily metabolism. Pancreatic islets of Langerhans secrete various endocrine hormones including insulin and glucagon to keep blood glucose level relatively constant. Additionally, islet hormones regulate activity of neighboring cells as local autocrine ...
Uyttewaal Magalie - - 2012
The presence of diffuse morphogen gradients in tissues supports a view in which growth is locally homogenous. Here we challenge this view: we used a high-resolution quantitative approach to reveal significant growth variability among neighboring cells in the shoot apical meristem, the plant stem cell niche. This variability was strongly ...
Gil-Benso Rosario - - 2012
A novel human malignant melanoma cell line, designated MEL-RC08, was established from a pericranial metastasis of a malignant melanoma of the skin. The cell line has been subcultured for more than 150 passages and is tumorigenic in nude mice. Growth kinetics, cytogenetics, flow cytometry, and molecular techniques for analysis of ...
Salhia Bodour - - 2012
Recently, we identified a somatic mutation in AKT1 which results in a glutamic acid to lysine substitution (p.Glu17Lys or E17K). E17K mutations appear almost exclusively in breast cancers of luminal origin. Cellular models involving cell lines such as HME and MCF10 are model systems that upon transformation lead to rare ...
Kang N-H - - 2012
As human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (hAFSCs) are capable of multiple lineage differentiation, extensive self-renewal and tumor targeting, they may be valuable for clinical anticancer therapies. In this study, we used hAFSCs as vehicles for targeted delivery of therapeutic suicide genes to breast cancer cells. hAFSCs were engineered to produce ...
Chang Ying - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tumor cells survive hypoxic conditions by inducing autophagy. We investigated the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating autophagy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells under hypoxic conditions. METHODS: We used gain- and loss-of-function methods to evaluate the effect of miRNAs on autophagy in human HCC cell lines (Huh7 ...
Zheng Min-Ming - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore the transfection of the recombinant expression plasmid pEGFP-C1/RB94 into human retinoblastoma cells (HXO-Rb44) using ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD). pEGFP-C1/RB94 was transfected into HXO-Rb44 in vitro by UTMD, with liposome as the positive control. After 24 to 72 h, the expression of the reporter ...
Korraah Ahmed - - 2012
In dentistry, metallic alloys are used for dentures, restorative materials, and orthodontic devices. Electric voltages up to 950 mV may occur between different dental alloys in the oral cavity. This study aimed to investigate physiologic reactions of oral leukoplakia cells in vitro to electric fields. A human leukoplakia cell line ...
Hang Qinglei - - 2012
Aberrations in cell cycle control are often observed in tumors and might even be necessary in tumor development. Spy1, a novel cell cycle regulatory protein, can control cell progression and survival through the atypical activation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). In this progression, the phosphorylation of p27(Kip1) at Thr187 by CDK2 ...
Kawase Miyuki - - 2012
The type II transmembrane protease TMPRSS2 activates the spike (S) protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) on the cell surface following receptor binding during viral entry into cells. In the absence of TMPRSS2, SARS-CoV achieves cell entry via an endosomal pathway in which cathepsin L may play an ...
Levin Michaela E - - 2012
Inner ear hair cells respond to mechanical stimuli with graded receptor potentials. These graded responses are modulated by a host of voltage-dependent currents that flow across the basolateral membrane. Here, we examine the molecular identity and the function of a class of voltage-dependent ion channels that carries the potassium-selective inward ...
Drachuk Irina - - 2012
Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast cells encapsulated with pH-responsive synthetic nanoshells from lightly crosslinked polymethacrylic acid (PMAA-co-NH2) showed a high viability rate of around 90% the indication of high bio-compatibility of synthetic pH-responsive shells. We demonstrated that increasing pH above the isoelectric point of the polymer shell leads to a delay in ...
Zuo Keqiang - - 2012
Hsp90 interacts with proteins that mediate signaling pathways involved in the regulation of essential processes such as proliferation, cell cycle control, angiogenesis and apoptosis. Hsp90 inhibition is therefore an attractive strategy for blocking abnormal pathways that are crucial for cancer cell growth. In the present study, the role of Hsp90 ...
Seeliger C - - 2012
Hepatocyte transplantation is considered to be an alternative to orthotopic liver transplantation. Cells can be used to bridge patients waiting for a donor organ, decrease mortality in acute liver failure, and to support metabolic liver diseases. The limited availability of primary human hepatocytes for such applications has lead to the ...
Chen En-Guo - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of the SASH1gene on the growth, proliferation, apoptosis, invasiveness, and metastatic potential of lung cancer cells and explore the potential use of SASH1 for the treatment of human lung cancer. The SASH1 gene was cloned into the pcDNA3.1 eukaryotic expression ...
Li Hui - - 2012
This study has investigated the growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effects of dihydrotanshinone, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, and cryptotanshinone on hematological malignancy cell lines, aiming to explore their structure-activity relationship. The growth-inhibitory effects of the tanshinones on K562 and Raji cells were assessed using a modified MTT assay; the apoptosis-inducing effects were ...
Schulte J H - - 2012
Neuroblastoma is an embryonal tumor with a heterogeneous clinical course. The tumor is presumed to be derived from the neural crest, but the cells of origin remain to be determined. To date, few recurrent genetic changes contributing to neuroblastoma formation, such as amplification of the MYCN oncogene and activating mutations ...
Wang Tao - - 2012
The evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine protein kinase target-of-rapamycin (TOR) controls cell growth as a core component of TOR complexes 1 (TORC1) and 2 (TORC2). Although TORC1 is the more central growth regulator, TORC2 has also been shown to affect cell growth. Here, we demonstrate that Drosophila LST8, the only conserved TOR-binding ...
Fujikawa Makoto - - 2012
F(o)F(1)-ATP synthase (F(o)F(1)) synthesizes ATP in mitochondria coupled with proton flow driven by the proton motive force (pmf) across membranes. It has been known that isolated IF1, an evolutionarily well conserved mitochondrial protein, can inhibit the ATP hydrolysis activity of F(o)F(1). Here, we generated HeLa cells with permanent IF1 knockdown ...
Sztiller-Sikorska Malgorzata - - 2012
Melanomas contain subsets of cancer stem-like cells with tumor-initiating capacity. The frequency of these cells in the tumor is still a topic of debate. We investigated the phenotypic plasticity of cancer cells grown as melanospheres to elucidate the influence of the microenvironment on some features of melanoma stem-like cells. Cells ...
Cui Xiaofeng X Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2012
Bioprinting as a promising but unexplored approach for cartilage tissue engineering has the advantages of high throughput, digital control, and highly accurate placement of cells and biomaterial scaffold to the targeted 3D locations with simultaneous polymerization. This study tested feasibility of using bioprinting for cartilage engineering and examined the influence ...
Wei Qinzhi - - 2012
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) ), a substance involved in cellular oxidative stress, has been observed to induce an adaptive response, which is characterized by a protection against the toxic effect of H(2) O(2) at higher concentrations. However, the molecular mechanism for the adaptive response remains unclear. In particular, the existing ...
Liu Yi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between the expression of ZEB1 gene and the proliferation ability of lung adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and Real-time PCR were used to detect the expression of ZEB1 gene in lung adenocarcinoma tissue and cell lines compared with adjacent noncancerous region and the human ...
Wang Haijuan - - 2012
Chidamide, the structural analog of MS-275, is a novel and promising histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor for use in cancer therapy. To investigate its effects on cancer cell growth, MTT assay was performed in 10 human cancer cell lines. The data showed that the IC50 of Chidamide ranged from 1 to ...
Samadi Abbas K - - 2012
Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. While effective therapy exists for the primary tumor, there is a lack of effective treatment for metastatic disease currently. Natural withanolide withaferin A (WA) has shown efficacy in cancers demonstrating upregulation of pro-survival pathways. The purpose of the ...
Gierke Sarah S Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2012
Epithelial remodeling, in which apical-basal polarized cells switch to a migratory phenotype, plays a central role in development and disease of multicellular organisms. Although dynamic microtubules (MTs) are required for directed migration on flat surfaces, how MT dynamics are controlled or contribute to epithelial remodeling in a more physiological three-dimensional ...
de Vries Margriet M - - 2012
de Vries M M, Celestino R, Castro P, Eloy C, Máximo V, van der Wal J E, Plukker J T M, Links T P, Hofstra R M W, Sobrinho-Simões M & Soares P (2012) Histopathology RET/PTC rearrangement is prevalent in follicular Hürthle cell carcinomas Aims:  The molecular alterations underlying follicular ...
Lajter Ildikó - - 2012
Aqueous and organic extracts of 27 selected species from five genera (Fallopia, Oxyria, Persicaria, Polygonum and Rumex) of the family Polygonaceae occurring in the Carpathian Basin were screened in vitro for antiproliferative activity against HeLa (cervix epithelial adenocarcinoma), A431 (skin epidermoid carcinoma) and MCF7 (breast epithelial adenocarcinoma) cells, using the ...
Tarulli Gerard A - - 2012
New data has challenged the convention that the adult Sertoli cell population is fixed and unmodifiable. The Sertoli cell has 2 distinct functions, i) formation of the seminiferous cords and ii) provision of nutritional and structural support to developing germ cells. For these to occur successfully, Sertoli cells must undergo ...
Simsa-Maziel Stav - - 2012
The proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β is elevated in many childhood chronic inflammatory diseases as well as obesity and can be associated with growth retardation. Here we show that IL-1β affects bone growth by directly disturbing the normal sequence of events in the growth plate, resulting in increased proliferation and widening of ...
Westenberg Marcel - - 2012
Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), a member of the type I alphabaculoviruses, is able to transduce and deliver a functional gene to a range of non-host cells, including many mammalian lines and primary cells, a property mediated by the envelope fusion protein GP64. AcMNPV is non-cytopathic and inherently replication deficient ...
Wilson Jamie L - - 2012
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoactive peptide which signals through two G-protein coupled receptors, endothelin receptor A (ETA) and B (ETB). We determined that ET-1 activation of its ETB receptor in stably cDNA transfected CHO cells leads to a 55% reduction in cell number by end-point cell counting and a 35% ...
Yang Qiu-Jun - - 2012
Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most common malignant bone tumors. Despite the advancement of diagnosis and treatment for OS, the prognosis remains poor. We investigated the proliferation inhibitory effect of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for human OS and the possible mechanism underlying this effect. We examined the proliferation inhibition ...
Okayama Miki - - 2012
To evaluate the role of SNARE proteins in the constitutive exocytosis, we knocked down syntaxin 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and VAMP3, 5, 7, 8 with their siRNAs, and determined the cell-to-medium ratio of CLuc, a secreted luciferase of Cypridina noctiluca. Although the protein level of SNAREs in HeLa cells ...
He Jing - - 2012
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway functions in many cellular processes, including cell growth, proliferation, differentiation and survival. Recent advances have demonstrated that differentiated somatic cells can be directly reprogrammed into the pluripotent state by the overexpression of several pluripotency transcription factors. However, whether the mTOR signaling pathway ...
Lin Jyh Ming - - 2012
Honokiol possesses many pharmacological activities including anti-cancer properties. Here in, we designed and synthesized honokiol analogs that block major honokiol metabolic pathway which may enhance their effectiveness. We studied their cytotoxicity in human cancer cells and evaluated possible mechanism of cell cycle arrest. Two analogs, namely 2 and 4, showed ...
Das Nando Dulal - - 2012
Terminalia chebula is a native plant from southern Asia to southwestern China that is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of malignant tumors and diabetes. This plant also has antibacterial and immunomodulatory properties. The present study assessed T. chebula extract-dependent protein expression changes in Jurkat cells. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight ...
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