Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 4288
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Navenot Jean-Marc - - 2012
The objective of this study was to use the established xenograft model of human melanoma (C8161.9) to test a pharmacological approach to the effect of the metastasis suppressor KISS1. A KISS1 analog was used to inhibit the metastatic development of C8161.9 cells in nude mice. Further experiments were performed to ...
Nurmio Mirja - - 2012
FSH stimulates testicular growth by increasing Sertoli cell proliferation and elongation of seminiferous cords. Little is known about the peritubular myoid cells in testicular development. In order to investigate the role of peritubular myoid cells in early testicular growth in rodents, two traditional models to induce testicular growth were used: ...
Chen Lei - - 2012
Derivatives of oleanolic acid were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their growth inhibition against human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) and colon cancer cell line (Col-02). Several derivatives exhibited moderate-to-good inhibitory activity, with 3 displaying the most promising inhibition [GI(50) = 1.75 μM (HepG2), 0.71 μM (Col-02)]. Structure-activity relationship analyses of these derivatives ...
Ni Yan-Hong - - 2012
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a tumor angiogenesis factor that is important in immune regulation. In our previous study, we found that VEGF expression in the peripheral blood and neoplasm nest from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was positively correlated with the course of disease, while an ...
Trošić Ivančica - - 2012
This article gives a review or several hypotheses on the biological effects of non-thermal radiofrequency/microwave (RF/MW) radiation and discusses our own findings from animal and in vitro studies performed over the last decade. We have found that RF/MW radiation disturbs cell proliferation and leads to cell differentiation in the bone ...
Chang J Y - - 2012
By introducing a small backward dedifferentiation probability of postmitotic cells to progenitor cells in a recently proposed skin cell proliferation model, the homeostasis of the system can be disrupted resulting in uncontrolled growth. It is found that when the dedifferentiation probability exceeds a small critical value, the stable fixed point ...
Chen Chuan-Rong - - 2012
Virosecurinine, the major alkaloid isolated from Securinega suffruticosa Pall Rehd was found to exhibit growth inhibition and cytotoxicity against huaman colon cancer SW480 cells via the microculture tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Due to its greater cytotoxic potency and selectivity towards SW480 cells, flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell cycle ...
Li Hongmei - - 2012
p75NTR is a low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor, which promotes cell proliferation as a positive modulator of high-affinity receptor TrkA, as well as binds with cell ligands to induce apoptosis and mediate death signals. To analyze the regulatory mechanisms of p75NTR, the present study utilized a new membrane yeast two-hybrid ...
Li Yanbo - - 2012
This study examined the effects of TRAIL-endostatin-based gene-radiotherapy on cellular growth, apoptosis and cell cycle progression in human vascular endothelial cells ECV304 in vitro. The expression of TRAIL and endostatin protein in ECV304 cells was detected by ELISA after the transfection of recombinant plasmid pshuttle-Egr1-shTRAIL-shES and X-ray irradiation. Then MTT ...
Federici Fernán - - 2012
We present the coupled use of specifically localized fluorescent gene markers and image processing for automated quantitative analysis of cell growth and genetic activity across living plant tissues. We used fluorescent protein markers to identify cells, create seeds and boundaries for the automatic segmentation of cell geometries and ratiometrically measure ...
Malik Ajay - - 2012
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is a spindle cell neoplasm of histiocytic-dendritic cells origin. It is known to occur in lymph nodes and rarely has been reported in extranodal tissues like head and neck, mediastinum and gastrointestinal tract. We herein report the first FDCS arising from anal canal in a ...
Watson Erica D - - 2012
Immunofluorescence staining of actin (red), keratin 18 (green) and DNA (blue) in Mrj(-/-) trophoblast stem cells cultured in the absence of growth factors. From Watson et al., Developmental Dynamics 240:2505-2519, 2011.
Teta Monica - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the expression of many mammalian genes and play key roles in embryonic hair follicle development; however, little is known of their functions in postnatal hair growth. We compared the effects of deleting the essential miRNA biogenesis enzymes Drosha and Dicer in mouse skin epithelial cells at successive ...
Hu Diane - - 2012
Multiple fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) ligands are expressed in the forebrain and facial ectoderm, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is expressed in the facial ectoderm. Both pathways activate the MAP kinase cascade and can be suppressed by SU5402. We placed a bead soaked in SU5402 into the brain after ...
Davies Maria - - 2012
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is known to act as a tumour suppressor early in carcinogenesis, but then switches to a pro-metastatic factor in some late stage cancers. However, the actions of TGF-β are context dependent, and it is currently unclear how TGF-β influences the progression of human squamous cell carcinoma ...
Deckelbaum Ron A - - 2012
The characterization of mesenchymal progenitors is central to understanding development, postnatal pathology and evolutionary adaptability. The precise identity of the mesenchymal precursors that generate the coronal suture, an important structural boundary in mammalian skull development, remains unclear. We show in mouse that coronal suture progenitors originate from hedgehog-responsive cephalic paraxial ...
Yang Fan - - 2012
Medulloblastoma is the most common brain tumor in children. Here, we report that bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, induced apoptosis and inhibited cell proliferation in two established cell lines and a primary culture of human medulloblastomas. Bortezomib increased the release of cytochrome c to cytosol and activated caspase-9 and caspase-3, resulting ...
Fullár Alexandra - - 2012
Co-culture of periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts and SCC-25 oral squamous carcinoma cells (OSCC), results in conversion of PDLs into carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). Paracrin circuits between CAFs and OSCC cells were hypothesized to regulate the gene expression of matrix remodeling enzymes in their co-culture, which was performed for 7days, followed by ...
Sikka Arron A Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, - - 2012
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth leading cancer in the world; the main risk factors are alcohol and tobacco use. Advancements in therapies have yet to improve the prognosis of HNSCC. The connection between diabetes and cancer is being recognized, and metformin has been shown to ...
Elberg Dorit - - 2012
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited cause of kidney failure and characterized by the formation of multiple fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys. It is believed that environmental factors may play an important role in the disease progression. However, the molecular identity of autocrine/paracrine factors influencing ...
Shih Wenting - - 2012
Cancer cells that originate from epithelial tissues typically lose epithelial specific cell-cell junctions, but these transformed cells are not devoid of cell-cell adhesion proteins. Using hepatocyte-growth-factor-treated MDCK cells that underwent a complete epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, we analyzed cell-cell adhesion between these highly invasive transformed epithelial cells in a three-dimensional (3D) collagen ...
Le Xu - - 2012
Both the Notch1 and PI3K/Akt pathways are aberrantly activated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) and involved in the tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to test our hypothesis that elevated Notch1 signaling activity exerts its growth-promoting effects via the PI3K/Akt pathway in CCRCC. To investigate the relationship ...
Skaalure Stacey C - - 2012
Encapsulation of autologous adult cartilage cells (chondrocytes) in hydrolytically degradable hydrogels may provide a clinically viable tissue engineering therapy for replacement of damaged or osteoarthritic cartilage. When designing a tissue engineering scaffold, it is crucial to evaluate adult chondrocytes due to their limited growth potential. The objective for this study ...
Fischer-Posovszky Pamela - - 2012
Adipose tissue mass is determined by both cell size and cell number. Mouse models suggest that Akt isoforms are involved in the determination of fat mass by interfering with preadipocyte-to-adipocyte transition and regulating lipid storage. Here, we took advantage of a lentiviral mediated shRNA approach to study the role of ...
Lee Heather J - - 2012
Recent elucidation of the stem and progenitor cell hierarchies that operate during normal tissue and organ development has provided a foundation for the development of new insights into the disease process. These hierarchies are established by genetic mechanisms, which specify and determine cell fate and act as cell-clade gatekeepers, upon ...
Kuder Craig H - - 2012
Schweinfurthins are potent inhibitors of cancer cell growth, especially against human central nervous system tumor lines such as SF-295 cells. However, the mechanisms through which these compounds impede cell growth are not fully understood. In an effort to understand the basis for the effects of schweinfurthins, we present a fluorescent ...
Schmitz Volker - - 2012
PURPOSE: Angiostatin and angiostatin-like molecules are known as anti-angiogenic factors, which inhibit endothelial cell functions resulting in reduced tumour growth. Recent data indicate that these molecules, especially PlgK1-5, directly affect tumour cells, which could explain the strong anti-tumoural effects of PlgK1-5. Therefore, we have analysed whether PlgK1-5 alters tumour cell ...
Rabelo Luciana - - 2012
Cancer represents a set of more than 100 diseases, including malignant tumors from different locations. Strategies inducing differentiation have had limited success in the treatment of established cancers. Marine sponges are a biological reservoir of bioactive molecules, especially lectins. Several animal and plant lectins were purified with antitumor activity, mitogenic, ...
Riehl Brandon D - - 2012
Mechanical cell stretching may be an attractive strategy for the tissue engineering of mechanically functional tissues. It has been demonstrated that cell growth and differentiation can be guided by cell stretch with minimal help from soluble factors and engineered tissues that are mechanically stretched in bioreactors may have superior organization, ...
Luo Linlin - - 2012
Nodal is a member of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily that plays critical roles during embryogenesis. Recently, we have reported that Nodal inhibits trophoblast cell proliferation, migration and invasion, but induces apoptosis in human placenta. In this study, we examined the regulation of Nodal by microRNAs. In silico analysis of ...
Murakami Hiroki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Poorly differentiated signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) and non signet-ring cell carcinoma (NSRCC) are prevalent histological subtypes of gastric cancers with distinct morphological features. To date, however, the molecular basis of their growth, differentiation, and metastasis still remains unclear, because of the limitation of available cell lines. METHODS: In the ...
Guo Qing Yun - - 2012
Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) is an oocyte-derived factor critical for folliculogenesis. Recently, in vitro data showed that GDF9 inhibited the localization of tight junction (TJ) proteins, suggesting that GDF9 could potentially regulate spermatogenesis in vivo, via inhibition of Sertoli cell TJ function. The purpose of the present study was ...
Mojžišová Gabriela - - 2012
This study was designed to examine the in vitro antiproliferative effect of the horse chestnut extract (HCE) on cancer cell lines. Furthermore, we have investigated the in vitro effect of HCE on some angiogenic events by using human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The cell proliferation was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide ...
Chong Chan Eng - - 2012
MAGE proteins have been shown to be good targets for cancer immunotherapy. We demonstrate that MAGED4B is over-expressed in more than 50% of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues and the expression of MAGED4B is associated with lymph node metastasis and poor disease specific survival. OSCC cell lines that over-express ...
Liu Zhonghua - - 2012
Spider venoms are a rich source of bioactive compounds with therapeutic potential. In traditional Chinese medicine, spiders and spider venoms have been used in the treatment of various ailments. In the present study, the venom of the spider Macrothele raveni potently suppressed cell growth in the myelogenous leukemia K562 cell ...
Yoo Hyun - - 2012
Melanoma cells are relatively resistant to apoptosis compared with other tumor cell types, and thus, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy are not effective in treating melanoma. Pachastrissamine (PA) exhibits cytotoxic activity and promotes apoptosis in several cancer cells. However, its specific molecular mechanisms have not been characterized fully. This study investigated ...
Tajeddine Nicolas - - 2012
TRP channels have been associated with cell proliferation and aggressiveness in several cancers. In particular, TRPC1 regulates cell proliferation and motility, two processes underlying cancer progression. We and others have described the mechanisms of TRPC1-dependent cell migration. However, the involvement of TRPC1 in cell proliferation remains unexplained. In this study, ...
Xu Qingsong - - 2012
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays crucial roles in embryonic development, wound healing, tissue repair, and cancer progression. Results of this study show how transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) down-regulates expression of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) during EMT-like changes. Treatment with TGF-β1 resulted in a decrease in E-cadherin expression and GnT-III expression, ...
Ma Cheng-I J - - 2012
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is a key regulatory molecule with pleiotropic effects on cell growth, migration, and invasion. As a result, impairment of proper TGF-β signaling is central to tumorigenesis and metastasis. The TGF-β receptor V (TGFBRV or LRP1) has been shown to be responsible for TGF-β-mediated cell growth ...
Kaul Rachna - - 2012
Overexpression of the mature form of hyaluronan-binding protein 1 (HABP1/gC1qR/p32), a ubiquitous multifunctional protein involved in cellular signaling, in normal murine fibroblast cells leads to enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial dysfunction, and ultimately apoptosis with the release of cytochrome c. In the present study, human liver cancer ...
Zhang Li - - 2012
Spy1, a member of the Speedy/RINGO family, is a novel activator of cyclin-dependent kinases known to mediate cell cycle progression and cell survival in response to DNA damage. This study focused on the role of Spy1 in glioma oncogenesis. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were performed to examine the expression ...
Ghislin Stephanie - - 2012
Melanoma tumors have been shown to comprise both invasive and proliferative cell subpopulations. These populations are highly plastic, thus hampering full characterization and therapeutic targeting of dormant and partially dedifferentiated invasive cells. We have reported, previously, that melanoma cells grown in a serum-free neural crest medium, in which they propagate ...
Olczak Teresa - - 2012
Porphyromonas gingivalis acquires heme for growth, and initiation and progression of periodontal diseases. One of its heme acquisition systems consists of the HmuR and HmuY proteins. This study analyzed the antimicrobial activity of non-iron metalloporphyrins against P. gingivalis during planktonic growth, biofilm formation, epithelial cell adhesion and invasion, and employed ...
Pan Xiangyang - - 2012
Human ribonuclease inhibitor (RI) is a cytoplasmic acidic protein. RI is constructed almost entirely of leucine rich repeats, which might be involved in unknown biological effects except inhibiting RNase A and angiogenin activities. We previously reported that up-regulating RI inhibited the growth and metastasis of melanoma cells. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) ...
Liu Yinan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7), in human pulmonary cancer tissues/cells and to evaluate the cellular impact of bone morphogenetic proteins on pulmonary cancer cells. BMP7 expression was determined in human lung cancer cell lines. The invasiveness and growth of cells ...
Shen Xuehuai - - 2012
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a major steroid hormone, decreases with age, and this reduction has been shown to be associated with physical health. In the present study, the effect of DHEA on cell growth and mitochondrial function was investigated using TM-3 cells, a Leydig cell line. The growth of TM-3 cells exposed ...
Fu Wei-Jun - - 2012
A tissue-engineered ureteral scaffold was constructed with composited poly L-lactic acid (PLLA)-collagen endoluminal stent and uroepithelial cells (UECs) using a new seeding system. The electrospun PLLA-collagen nanofibrous mesh was seeded efficiently with human ureteral epithelial cells using a modified centrifugal seeding device. The cellular nanofibrous mesh was then wound around ...
Gao Le - - 2012
Thermococcus kodakarensis optimally grows at 85°C and possesses two chaperonins, cold-inducible CpkA and heat-inducible CpkB. Gene disruptants DA1 (ΔcpkA) and DB1 (ΔcpkB) showed decreased cell growth at 60°C and 93°C, respectively. The DB2 mutant (ΔcpkAcpkB ΔcpkB), whose cpkB gene was expressed under the control of the cpkA promoter, did not ...
Beane Wendy S - - 2012
The ability to stop producing or replacing cells at the appropriate time is essential, as uncontrolled growth can lead to loss of function and even cancer. Tightly regulated mechanisms coordinate the growth of stem cell progeny with the patterning needs of the host organism. Despite the importance of proper termination ...
Piscazzi Annamaria - - 2012
Context:Sunitinib is currently being evaluated in advanced human thyroid carcinomas, based on the rationale that the vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor receptors and the RET/PTC rearrangement are valuable targets for the treatment of this malignancy. However, criteria for selecting thyroid tumors that may benefit from sunitinib are ...
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