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Le Xu - - 2012
Both the Notch1 and PI3K/Akt pathways are aberrantly activated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) and involved in the tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to test our hypothesis that elevated Notch1 signaling activity exerts its growth-promoting effects via the PI3K/Akt pathway in CCRCC. To investigate the relationship ...
Skaalure Stacey C - - 2012
Encapsulation of autologous adult cartilage cells (chondrocytes) in hydrolytically degradable hydrogels may provide a clinically viable tissue engineering therapy for replacement of damaged or osteoarthritic cartilage. When designing a tissue engineering scaffold, it is crucial to evaluate adult chondrocytes due to their limited growth potential. The objective for this study ...
Fischer-Posovszky Pamela - - 2012
Adipose tissue mass is determined by both cell size and cell number. Mouse models suggest that Akt isoforms are involved in the determination of fat mass by interfering with preadipocyte-to-adipocyte transition and regulating lipid storage. Here, we took advantage of a lentiviral mediated shRNA approach to study the role of ...
Lee Heather J - - 2012
Recent elucidation of the stem and progenitor cell hierarchies that operate during normal tissue and organ development has provided a foundation for the development of new insights into the disease process. These hierarchies are established by genetic mechanisms, which specify and determine cell fate and act as cell-clade gatekeepers, upon ...
Kuder Craig H - - 2012
Schweinfurthins are potent inhibitors of cancer cell growth, especially against human central nervous system tumor lines such as SF-295 cells. However, the mechanisms through which these compounds impede cell growth are not fully understood. In an effort to understand the basis for the effects of schweinfurthins, we present a fluorescent ...
Schmitz Volker - - 2012
PURPOSE: Angiostatin and angiostatin-like molecules are known as anti-angiogenic factors, which inhibit endothelial cell functions resulting in reduced tumour growth. Recent data indicate that these molecules, especially PlgK1-5, directly affect tumour cells, which could explain the strong anti-tumoural effects of PlgK1-5. Therefore, we have analysed whether PlgK1-5 alters tumour cell ...
Rabelo Luciana - - 2012
Cancer represents a set of more than 100 diseases, including malignant tumors from different locations. Strategies inducing differentiation have had limited success in the treatment of established cancers. Marine sponges are a biological reservoir of bioactive molecules, especially lectins. Several animal and plant lectins were purified with antitumor activity, mitogenic, ...
Riehl Brandon D - - 2012
Mechanical cell stretching may be an attractive strategy for the tissue engineering of mechanically functional tissues. It has been demonstrated that cell growth and differentiation can be guided by cell stretch with minimal help from soluble factors and engineered tissues that are mechanically stretched in bioreactors may have superior organization, ...
Luo Linlin - - 2012
Nodal is a member of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily that plays critical roles during embryogenesis. Recently, we have reported that Nodal inhibits trophoblast cell proliferation, migration and invasion, but induces apoptosis in human placenta. In this study, we examined the regulation of Nodal by microRNAs. In silico analysis of ...
Murakami Hiroki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Poorly differentiated signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) and non signet-ring cell carcinoma (NSRCC) are prevalent histological subtypes of gastric cancers with distinct morphological features. To date, however, the molecular basis of their growth, differentiation, and metastasis still remains unclear, because of the limitation of available cell lines. METHODS: In the ...
Guo Qing Yun - - 2012
Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) is an oocyte-derived factor critical for folliculogenesis. Recently, in vitro data showed that GDF9 inhibited the localization of tight junction (TJ) proteins, suggesting that GDF9 could potentially regulate spermatogenesis in vivo, via inhibition of Sertoli cell TJ function. The purpose of the present study was ...
Mojžišová Gabriela - - 2012
This study was designed to examine the in vitro antiproliferative effect of the horse chestnut extract (HCE) on cancer cell lines. Furthermore, we have investigated the in vitro effect of HCE on some angiogenic events by using human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The cell proliferation was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide ...
Chong Chan Eng - - 2012
MAGE proteins have been shown to be good targets for cancer immunotherapy. We demonstrate that MAGED4B is over-expressed in more than 50% of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues and the expression of MAGED4B is associated with lymph node metastasis and poor disease specific survival. OSCC cell lines that over-express ...
Liu Zhonghua - - 2012
Spider venoms are a rich source of bioactive compounds with therapeutic potential. In traditional Chinese medicine, spiders and spider venoms have been used in the treatment of various ailments. In the present study, the venom of the spider Macrothele raveni potently suppressed cell growth in the myelogenous leukemia K562 cell ...
Yoo Hyun - - 2012
Melanoma cells are relatively resistant to apoptosis compared with other tumor cell types, and thus, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy are not effective in treating melanoma. Pachastrissamine (PA) exhibits cytotoxic activity and promotes apoptosis in several cancer cells. However, its specific molecular mechanisms have not been characterized fully. This study investigated ...
Tajeddine Nicolas - - 2012
TRP channels have been associated with cell proliferation and aggressiveness in several cancers. In particular, TRPC1 regulates cell proliferation and motility, two processes underlying cancer progression. We and others have described the mechanisms of TRPC1-dependent cell migration. However, the involvement of TRPC1 in cell proliferation remains unexplained. In this study, ...
Xu Qingsong - - 2012
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays crucial roles in embryonic development, wound healing, tissue repair, and cancer progression. Results of this study show how transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) down-regulates expression of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) during EMT-like changes. Treatment with TGF-β1 resulted in a decrease in E-cadherin expression and GnT-III expression, ...
Ma Cheng-I J - - 2012
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is a key regulatory molecule with pleiotropic effects on cell growth, migration, and invasion. As a result, impairment of proper TGF-β signaling is central to tumorigenesis and metastasis. The TGF-β receptor V (TGFBRV or LRP1) has been shown to be responsible for TGF-β-mediated cell growth ...
Kaul Rachna - - 2012
Overexpression of the mature form of hyaluronan-binding protein 1 (HABP1/gC1qR/p32), a ubiquitous multifunctional protein involved in cellular signaling, in normal murine fibroblast cells leads to enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial dysfunction, and ultimately apoptosis with the release of cytochrome c. In the present study, human liver cancer ...
Zhang Li - - 2012
Spy1, a member of the Speedy/RINGO family, is a novel activator of cyclin-dependent kinases known to mediate cell cycle progression and cell survival in response to DNA damage. This study focused on the role of Spy1 in glioma oncogenesis. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were performed to examine the expression ...
Ghislin Stephanie - - 2012
Melanoma tumors have been shown to comprise both invasive and proliferative cell subpopulations. These populations are highly plastic, thus hampering full characterization and therapeutic targeting of dormant and partially dedifferentiated invasive cells. We have reported, previously, that melanoma cells grown in a serum-free neural crest medium, in which they propagate ...
Olczak Teresa - - 2012
Porphyromonas gingivalis acquires heme for growth, and initiation and progression of periodontal diseases. One of its heme acquisition systems consists of the HmuR and HmuY proteins. This study analyzed the antimicrobial activity of non-iron metalloporphyrins against P. gingivalis during planktonic growth, biofilm formation, epithelial cell adhesion and invasion, and employed ...
Pan Xiangyang - - 2012
Human ribonuclease inhibitor (RI) is a cytoplasmic acidic protein. RI is constructed almost entirely of leucine rich repeats, which might be involved in unknown biological effects except inhibiting RNase A and angiogenin activities. We previously reported that up-regulating RI inhibited the growth and metastasis of melanoma cells. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) ...
Liu Yinan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7), in human pulmonary cancer tissues/cells and to evaluate the cellular impact of bone morphogenetic proteins on pulmonary cancer cells. BMP7 expression was determined in human lung cancer cell lines. The invasiveness and growth of cells ...
Shen Xuehuai - - 2012
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a major steroid hormone, decreases with age, and this reduction has been shown to be associated with physical health. In the present study, the effect of DHEA on cell growth and mitochondrial function was investigated using TM-3 cells, a Leydig cell line. The growth of TM-3 cells exposed ...
Fu Wei-Jun - - 2012
A tissue-engineered ureteral scaffold was constructed with composited poly L-lactic acid (PLLA)-collagen endoluminal stent and uroepithelial cells (UECs) using a new seeding system. The electrospun PLLA-collagen nanofibrous mesh was seeded efficiently with human ureteral epithelial cells using a modified centrifugal seeding device. The cellular nanofibrous mesh was then wound around ...
Gao Le - - 2012
Thermococcus kodakarensis optimally grows at 85°C and possesses two chaperonins, cold-inducible CpkA and heat-inducible CpkB. Gene disruptants DA1 (ΔcpkA) and DB1 (ΔcpkB) showed decreased cell growth at 60°C and 93°C, respectively. The DB2 mutant (ΔcpkAcpkB ΔcpkB), whose cpkB gene was expressed under the control of the cpkA promoter, did not ...
Beane Wendy S - - 2012
The ability to stop producing or replacing cells at the appropriate time is essential, as uncontrolled growth can lead to loss of function and even cancer. Tightly regulated mechanisms coordinate the growth of stem cell progeny with the patterning needs of the host organism. Despite the importance of proper termination ...
Piscazzi Annamaria - - 2012
Context:Sunitinib is currently being evaluated in advanced human thyroid carcinomas, based on the rationale that the vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor receptors and the RET/PTC rearrangement are valuable targets for the treatment of this malignancy. However, criteria for selecting thyroid tumors that may benefit from sunitinib are ...
Tomizawa Minoru - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I is up-regulated in pancreatic cancer tissues. Pancreatic cancer cell lines were analyzed in serum-free media as a model of the fibrous tissues that these cells often invade. Pancreatic cancer surgical specimens were immunostained with anti-IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR)β antibody. The growth of pancreatic cancer cells in serum-free ...
Ning Yingxia - - 2012
Genistein, 5,7,4'-trihydroxylisoflavone, a major component of soybean products, has been reported to possess anticancer activities. We examined the antitumor effects of 7-difluoromethoxyl-5,4'-di-n-octylgenistein (DFOG), a novel synthetic genistein derivative, on human ovarian cancer cells as well as the molecular mechanism. The growth-inhibitory effects of genistein and DFOG were determined using MTT ...
Wang Ke - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish a bioluminescent MDA-MB-231 cell line stably expressing luciferase and green fluorescent protein for the generation of a xenografted model of human triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) in nude mice. Lentivirus vectors carrying eGFP, firefly luc2 and neo fusion genes were used to transduce ...
Yang Guangdie - - 2012
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one of the most promising targets for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Our study demonstrated the antitumor effects of icotinib hydrochloride, a highly selective epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI), in two EGFR-mutated lung cancer cell lines compared to A549, a ...
Stolfi Carmine - - 2012
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) play a key role in sustaining colorectal cancer (CRC) cell growth and survival. Indeed, the use of agents targeting COX-2/PGE2 axis has been associated with a reduced development of CRC in both humans and murine models of colon carcinogenesis. In this study we investigated ...
Rokstad Anne Mari - - 2012
Basic cancer research is dependent on reliable in vitro and in vivo tumor models. The serotonin (5-HT) producing small intestinal neuroendocrine tumor cell line KRJ-1 has been used in in vitro proliferation and secretion studies, but its use in in vivo models has been hampered by problems related to the ...
Proseus Timothy E - - 2012
Pectin is a normal constituent of cell walls of green plants. When supplied externally to live cells or walls isolated from the large-celled green alga Chara corallina, pectin removes calcium from load-bearing cross-links in the wall, loosening the structure and allowing it to deform more rapidly under the action of ...
Nakayama Hironao - - 2012
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) is a family of enzymes involved in ectodomain shedding of various membrane proteins. However, the molecular mechanism underlying substrate recognition by ADAMs remains unknown. In this study, we successfully captured and analyzed cell surface transient assemblies between the transmembrane amphiregulin precursor (proAREG) and ADAM17 during ...
Wells Veronica L - - 2012
Rod-shaped bacteria such as Escherichia coli accurately maintain their shape from generation to generation. The cytoskeletal proteins MreB and FtsZ, which respectively guide parallel growth of the sidewall and perpendicular growth of the division septum, are important to maintain a straight sidewall and uniformly rounded cell poles. FtsZ normally assembles ...
Osuna Marumi - - 2012
Pituitary folliculo-stellate (FS) cells are characterized by producing S100B protein, as do brain astrocytes. The FS cells have some functions in the pituitary gland i.e., scavenger function, sustentacular cell activity through cytokines and intercellular communication through gap junctions. However, the biological significance of the FS cells, especially their differentiation capacities ...
Abiramasundari G - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ancient Indian ayurvedic literature prescribes Tinospora cordifolia as a remedy to rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory and allied diseases of musculo skeletal system. AIM: To investigate the effects of the alcoholic extract of Tinospora cordifolia (TC) on the proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of bone like matrix on osteoblast model systems ...
Kikuchi Shinji - - 2012
CADM1, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecules, acts as a tumor suppressor in a variety of human cancers. In contrast, CADM1 is ectopically expressed in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), conferring an invasive phenotype characteristic to ATL. Therefore, CADM1 plays dual roles in human oncogenesis. Here, we investigate ...
Eberhardt Alice - - 2012
Streptococcus pneumoniae protects itself from components of the human immune defense system by a thick polysaccharide capsule, which in most serotypes is covalently attached to the cell wall peptidoglycan. Members of the LytR-Cps2A-Psr (LCP) protein family have recently been implicated in the attachment of anionic polymers to peptidoglycan in Gram-positive ...
Hsiao Che-Jen - - 2012
Pycnidione, a small tropolone first isolated from the fermented broth of Theissenia rogersii 92031201, exhibits antitumor activities through an undefined mechanism. The present study evaluated the effects and mechanisms of pycnidione on the growth and death of A549 human lung cancer cells. Pycnidione significantly inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells ...
Notbohm J - - 2012
The effect that growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) have on cell-cell adhesion is of interest in the study of cellular processes such as epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Because cell-cell adhesions cannot be measured directly, we use three-dimensional traction force microscopy to measure the tractions applied by clusters of MCF-10A ...
Mollard Patrice P Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) 5203, Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle, 34000 Montpellier, France. - - 2012
Recent advances in tridimensional (3D) tissue imaging have considerably enriched our view of the pituitary gland and its development. Whereas traditional histology of the pituitary anterior lobe portrayed this tissue as a patchwork of cells, 3D imaging revealed that cells of each lineage form extensive and structured homotypic networks. In ...
Hafeez Bilal Bin BB Department of Human Oncology, Wisconsin Institute of Medical Research, Paul Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA. - - 2012
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the most aggressive malignant disease, ranks as the fourth most leading cause of cancer-related death among men and women in the United States. We present here that plumbagin (PL), a quinoid constituent isolated from the roots of the medicinal plant Plumbago zeylanica L, inhibits the growth ...
Thompson C B - - 2012
Most biologists working today have not considered the problem of how signal transduction events, which commit cells to energetically demanding processes such as growth and division, are connected to cellular metabolism. The primary reason for this is that we have believed for the last 30 or more years that the ...
Weiss Astrid - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Proteins involved in the aberrant regulation of signaling pathways and their downstream effectors are promising targets for cancer therapy. Survivin is an anti-apoptotic and cell cycle-promoting protein, which is consistently overexpressed in cancer cells. In normal cells, its expression is tightly controlled by signaling pathways and their associated transcriptional ...
Juliana Farha M - - 2012
IL-21 is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates T-cell and B-cell differentiation, NK-cell activation, and dendritic cell functions. IL-21 activates the JAK-STAT, ERK, and PI3K pathways. We report here that Ape1/Ref-1 has an essential role in IL-21-induced cell growth signal transduction. Overexpression of Ape1/Ref-1 enhances IL-21-induced cell proliferation, but it is ...
Oveland Eystein - - 2012
Stable ectopic expression of Flt3 receptor tyrosine kinase is usually performed in interleukin 3 (IL-3)-dependent murine cell lines like Ba/F3, resulting in loss of IL-3 dependence. Such high-level Flt3 expression has to date not been reported in human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines, despite the fact that oncogenic Flt3 ...
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