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Fukunaga Izumi - - 2012
Rhythmic neural activity is a hallmark of brain function, used ubiquitously to structure neural information. In mammalian olfaction, repetitive sniffing sets the principal rhythm but little is known about its role in sensory coding. Here, we show that mitral and tufted cells, the two main classes of olfactory bulb projection ...
Matsuura Katsuhisa - - 2012
Although we previously reported the development of cell-dense thickened cardiac tissue by repeated transplantation-based vascularization of neonatal rat cardiac cell sheets, the cell sources for human cardiac cells sheets and their functions have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we developed a bioreactor to expand and induce cardiac differentiation ...
Li Yan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Local recurrence after thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is common, problematic, and poorly understood. The continued effects of the heat sink around major vessels have been hypothesized to increase local ablation failure and possibly enhance the growth of the incompletely ablated malignancy. The aim of this study was ...
de Lange Enno - - 2012
Early afterdepolarizations (EADs) are linked to both triggered arrhythmias and reentrant arrhythmias by causing premature ventricular complexes (PVCs), focal excitations, or heterogeneous tissue substrates for reentry formation. However, a critical number of cells that synchronously exhibit EADs are needed to result in arrhythmia triggers and substrates in tissue. In this ...
Pieri Laura - - 2012
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein (α-syn) and huntingtin (htt) into fibrillar assemblies in nerve and glial cells is a molecular hallmark of Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases. Within the aggregation process, prefibrillar and fibrillar oligomeric species form. Prefibrillar assemblies rather than fibrils are nowadays considered cytotoxic. However, recent reports describing spreading of ...
Gavrilov Svetlana S Department of Cell Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, - - 2012
Multipotent P19CL6 cells differentiate into cardiac myocytes or neural lineages when stimulated with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or retinoic acid (RA), respectively. Expression of the transcription factor Tbx6 was found to increase during cardiac myocyte differentiation and to decrease during neural differentiation. Overexpression of Tbx6 was not sufficient to drive P19CL6 ...
Jing Liufang L Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, - - 2012
Galectin-1 (Gal-1), an endogenous β-galactoside-binding protein, binds to laminins, which are highly expressed in the nucleus pulposus (NP) of the intervertebral disc (IVD). The objective of this study is to evaluate the expression of Gal-1 protein in IVD tissues during aging and the effect of Gal-1 on IVD cell adhesion ...
Pattappa Girish - - 2012
The intervertebral disc (IVD) is a moderately moving joint that is located between the bony vertebrae and provides flexibility and load transmission throughout the spinal column. The disc is composed of different but interrelated tissues, including the central highly hydrated nucleus pulposus (NP), the surrounding elastic and fibrous annulus fibrosus ...
McSpadden Luke C - - 2012
Cardiac cell therapies can yield electric coupling of unexcitable donor cells to host cardiomyocytes with functional consequences that remain unexplored. We micropatterned cell pairs consisting of a neonatal rat ventricular myocyte (NRVM) coupled to an engineered human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cell expressing either connexin-43 (Cx43 HEK) or inward rectifier ...
Paine Michael Gregory - - 2012
AIMS: : The cerebellum is among the brain regions most vulnerable to damage caused by cardiac arrest, and cerebellar Purkinje cell loss may contribute to neurologic dysfunction, including post-hypoxic myoclonus. However, it remains unknown whether cerebellar Purkinje cells are protected by post-cardiac arrest therapeutic hypothermia (TH). Therefore, we examined the ...
Cabraja Mario - - 2012
Object Biological repair strategies for the treatment of degenerated intervertebral discs are of growing interest. In addition to the development of nucleus pulposus implants to restore disc height and relieve pain, there is growing demand for an appropriate method for reconstructing the anulus fibrosus (AF). The aim of this pilot ...
Unno Kazumasa - - 2012
Over the past decade, extensive work in animal models and humans has identified the presence of adult cardiac progenitor cells, capable of cardiomyogenic differentiation and likely contributors to cardiomyocyte turnover during normal development and disease. Among cardiac progenitor cells, there is a distinct subpopulation, termed "side population" (SP) progenitor cells, ...
Choi Hye Joung - - 2012
Earlier studies showed that 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME(2)), an endogenous nonpolar metabolite of estradiol-17β, is a strong inducer of G(2)/M cell cycle arrest (based on analysis of cellular DNA content) in human cancer cell lines. The present study sought to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying 2ME(2)-induced cell cycle arrest. We found that ...
Kshatriya Pradnya P - - 2012
Fibrillar fibronectin (FN) has the crucial role of attracting and attaching cells as well as molecules that mediate tissue repair during wound healing. A previous study demonstrated higher extracellular staining of FN fibrils in cells cultured on surfaces tethered with an equimolar mixture of a FN binding domain and FN's ...
Wang Yu - - 2012
Berberine has been shown to possess anti-tumor activity against a wide spectrum of cancer cells. It inhibits cancer cell proliferation by inducing cell cycle arrest, at G1 and/or G2/M, and apoptosis. While it has been documented that berberine induces G1 arrest by activating the p53-p21 cascade, it remains unclear what ...
Forte Giancarlo - - 2012
Biomaterials to be used as cell delivery systems for cardiac tissue engineering should be able to comply with cardiac muscle contractile activity, while favoring cell survival and neo-angiogenesis in a hostile environment. Biocompatible synthetic materials can be tailored to mimic cardiac tissue three-dimensional organization in the micro- and nanoscale. Nonetheless, ...
Hong Jin Hee - - 2012
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the master clock in mammals governing the daily physiological and behavioral rhythms. It is composed of thousands of clock cells with their own intrinsic periods varying over a wide range (20-28 h). Despite this heterogeneity, an intact SCN maintains a coherent 24 h periodic rhythm through some ...
Callero Mariana A MA Research Area, Institute of Oncology Ángel H Roffo, University of Buenos Aires, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, - - 2012
Aminoflavone (AF; NSC 686288, AFP464, NSC710464) is a new anticancer drug that has recently entered phase II clinical trials. It has demonstrated antiproliferative effects in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). AF also exhibits noteworthy evidence of antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo ...
Noblin X - - 2012
Various plants and fungi have evolved ingenious devices to disperse their spores. One such mechanism is the cavitation-triggered catapult of fern sporangia. The spherical sporangia enclosing the spores are equipped with a row of 12 to 13 specialized cells, the annulus. When dehydrating, these cells induce a dramatic change of ...
Kaminska Iwona - - 2012
Application of a high electric field causes an electric shock to the heart. This is utilized in defibrillation to reestablish normal contraction rhythms during dangerous arrhythmias or in cardiac arrest. If shock-induced transmembrane potentials are large enough, they can cause tissue destruction due to irreversible electroporation (EP). Also electrochemotherapy of ...
Blagosklonny Mikhail V - - 2012
Cell cycle arrest is not yet senescence. When the cell cycle is arrested, an inappropriate growth-promotion converts an arrest into senescence (geroconversion). By inhibiting the growth-promoting mTOR pathway, rapamycin decelerates geroconversion of the arrested cells. And as a striking example, while causing arrest, p53 may decelerate or suppress geroconversion (in ...
Enochson Lars - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Within pacemaker research few attempts have been made to find an optimal waveform phase sequence that synchronizes beating of cardiomyocytes at an electrode. Multielectrode arrays (MEAs) offer electrophysiological screening of cardiomyocytes serving as a system for preliminary screening of pacing waveform design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HL-1 ...
Antokhin A I - - 2012
We used an improved method of chronobiological information processing enabling not only to detect oscillations with different frequencies, but also to determine the significance of each harmonic. This has made it possible to identify significant high-power harmonics present in the majority of cell positions in the crypt. These harmonics make ...
Pierucci-Alves Fernando - - 2012
Epithelial cells lining the male excurrent duct contribute to male fertility by employing a number of physiological mechanisms that generate a luminal microenvironment conducive to spermatozoa maturation and storage. Among these mechanisms, male duct epithelia establish intercellular tight junctions that constitute a barrier to paracellular diffusion of water, solutes, large ...
Trichas Georgios G Department of Physiology Anatomy & Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2012
The visceral endoderm (VE) is a simple epithelium that forms the outer layer of the egg-cylinder stage mouse embryo. The anterior visceral endoderm (AVE), a specialised subset of VE cells, is responsible for specifying anterior pattern. AVE cells show a stereotypic migratory behaviour within the VE, which is responsible for ...
Antonelli Alessandro - - 2012
Context and Objective:We have studied the antitumor activity of a novel cyclic amide, CLM94, with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 and antiangiogenic activity in primary anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) cells in vitro and in vivo.Design and Main Outcome Measures:CLM94 was tested: 1) in two human cell lines (HMVEC-d, dermal ...
Chan Scw - - 2012
The "gold standard" for treatment of intervertebral disc herniations and degenerated discs is still spinal fusion, corresponding to the saying "no disc - no pain". Mechanical prostheses, which are currently implanted, do only have medium outcome success and have relatively high re-operation rates. Here, we discuss some of the biological ...
Jezierski Anna - - 2012
The usage of stem cells is a promising strategy for the repair of damaged tissue in the injured brain. Recently, amniotic fluid (AF) cells have received a lot of attention as an alternative source of stem cells for cell-based therapies. However, the success of this approach relies significantly on proper ...
Honma Sato - - 2012
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master circadian clock of mammals, is composed of multiple circadian oscillator neurons. Most of them exhibit significant circadian rhythms in their clock gene expression and spontaneous firing when cultured in dispersed cells, as well as in an organotypic slice. The distribution of periods depends on ...
Bottai Daniele - - 2012
Our aim was the search for new sources of cells potentially useful for central nervous system regenerative medicine. Extra-embryonic tissues are promising sources of pluripotent stem cells. Among these, human second-trimester amniotic fluid (AF) contains cell populations exhibiting self-renewal capacity, multipotency and the expression of embryonic cell markers. Here we ...
Sun Hefen - - 2012
The treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines with (+)-isocorydine, which was isolated and purified from Papaveraceae sp. plants, resulted in a growth inhibitory effect caused by the induction of G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. We report that isocorydine induces G2/M phase arrest by increasing cyclin B1 ...
Levy Daphna - - 2012
Potent survival effects have been ascribed to the serine/threonine kinase proto-oncogene PIM-2. Elevated levels of PIM-2 are associated with various malignancies. In human cells, a single Pim-2 transcript gives rise mainly to two protein isoforms (34, 41 kDa) that share an identical catalytic site but differ at their N-terminus, due ...
Kumari Mandavi - - 2012
Interactions between poly-dispersed acid functionalized single walled carbon nanotubes (AF-SWCNTs) and primary lung epithelial (PLE) cells were studied. Peritoneal macrophages (PMs, known phagocytic cells) were used as positive controls in this study. Recovery of live cells from cultures of PLE cells and PMs was significantly reduced in the presence of ...
Li Xinle - - 2012
In non-mammalian vertebrates, the pineal gland functions as the central pacemaker that regulates the circadian rhythms of animal behavior and physiology. We generated a transgenic zebrafish line [Tg(Gnat2:gal4-VP16/UAS:nfsB-mCherry)] in which the E. coli nitroreductase is expressed in pineal photoreceptor cells. In developing embryos and young adults, the transgene is expressed ...
Selvadurai Hayden J - - 2012
Development of the cerebellum proceeds under the precise spatio-temporal control of several key developmental signalling pathways, including the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. We recently reported the activity of Wnt/β-catenin signalling in the perinatal cerebellar ventricular zone (VZ), a germinal centre in the developing cerebellum that gives rise to GABAergic and glial cells. ...
Duvall Laura B - - 2012
The neuropeptide Pigment Dispersing Factor (PDF) is essential for normal circadian function in Drosophila. It synchronizes the phases of M pacemakers, while in E pacemakers it decelerates their cycling and supports their amplitude. The PDF receptor (PDF-R) is present in both M and subsets of E cells. Activation of PDF-R ...
Morris Samantha A SA Wellcome Trust/Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, Cambridge CB2 1QN, - - 2012
The development of an anterior-posterior (AP) polarity is a crucial process that in the mouse has been very difficult to analyse, because it takes place as the embryo implants within the mother. To overcome this obstacle, we have established an in-vitro culture system that allows us to follow the step-wise ...
Marcos-Almaraz Maria Teresa - - 2011
Discovery of hemoglobin A expression outside of the erythroid cell lineage suggests that oxygen transport is the main but not the unique function of adult hemoglobin chains in mammalians. The contribution of hemoglobin A to antioxidant defenses has been proposed in the territories where it is expressed. Catecholaminergic cells relay ...
Hoeferlin L Alexis - - 2011
The folate enzyme, FDH (10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, ALDH1L1), a metabolic regulator of proliferation, activates p53-dependent G1 arrest and apoptosis in A549 cells. In the present study, we have demonstrated that FDH-induced apoptosis is abrogated upon siRNA knockdown of the p53 downstream target PUMA. Conversely, siRNA knockdown of p21 eliminated FDH-dependent G1 ...
Lam Ka-Pan - - 2011
As indicated in the Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines, short-acting β2-adrenoreceptor agonists (SABAs) are important relievers in asthma exacerbation. Interferon γ-inducible protein (IP)-10/CXCL 10 is a T-helper type 1 (Th1) cell-related chemokine which is important in the recruitment of Th1 cells involved in host immune defense against intracellular pathogens such ...
Bollini Sveva S Surgery Unit, Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital, University College London, London, - - 2011
In recent years, various types of stem cells have been characterized and their potential for cardiac regeneration has been investigated. We have previously described the isolation of broadly multipotent cells from amniotic fluid, defined as amniotic fluid stem (AFS) cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic ...
Zhu C - - 2011
Fatty acid binding protein 3 (FABP3) is a member of a family of binding proteins. The protein is mainly expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle cells, and it has been linked to fatty acid metabolism, trafficking, and signaling. Using suppression subtractive hybridization, we previously found that FABP3 is highly regulated ...
Madeira Alexandra - - 2011
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a transmembrane protein which clusters proteins and lipids at the cell membrane into a subclass of lipid rafts named caveolae. To increase our understanding about putative functions of Cav-1 in neuronal cells, we used mouse brain extracts and a novel technology coupling surface plasmon resonance to mass ...
Pesquet Edouard - - 2011
Xylem vessels are cells that develop a specifically ornamented secondary cell wall to ensure their vascular function, conferring both structural strength and impermeability. Further plasticity is given to these vascular cells by a range of different patterns described by their secondary cell walls that-as for the growth of all plant ...
Ratcliffe Anthony - - 2011
There are many ways to influence cell activities, and biomaterials with functional groups attached is an attractive method that clearly has the ability to modulate cell behavior. The evidence is clear that biomaterials, with or without growth factors and cells, have resulted in numerous products for the regenerative medicine field. ...
Mao Aiming - - 2011
This paper describes two different processes to synthesize vertically aligned hematite nanorod and nanotube arrays, respectively, on a conductive substrate by the electrochemical deposition method with the help of an anodized aluminum oxide nano-template. The two types of nano-structured hematite were used as the photoanode for photoelectrochemical cells. The hematite ...
Teo Ka Yaw - - 2011
The two most significant challenges for successful cryopreservation of engineered tissues (ETs) are preserving tissue functionality and controlling highly tissue-type dependent preservation outcomes. In order to address these challenges, freezing-induced cell-fluid-matrix interactions should be understood, which determine the post-thaw cell viability and extracellular matrix (ECM) microstructure. However, the current understanding ...
Sarig Udi - - 2011
Various engineered 'cell-platforms' have been reported in recent years for the possible treatment of myocardial infarction (MI) and end-stage heart failure. These engineered platforms rely on two key factors: cells and/or biomaterial scaffolds for the regeneration of the infarcted heart tissue. Two major cell-platform approaches are described and broadly categorized ...
Susan-Resiga Delia D Laboratory of Biochemical Neuroendocrinology, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec H2W 1R7, - - 2011
Bone morphogenetic protein 10 (BMP10) is a member of the TGF-β superfamily and plays a critical role in heart development. In the postnatal heart, BMP10 is restricted to the right atrium. The inactive pro-BMP10 (∼60 kDa) is processed into active BMP10 (∼14 kDa) by an unknown protease. Proteolytic cleavage occurs ...
Duranti Guglielmo - - 2011
PURPOSE.: Salmeterol is a β2-Adrenergic Receptor (β2-AR) agonist widely used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It has been shown that Salmeterol is also used at supra-therapeutic doses, as performance-enhancing substance in sport practice. Although, the abuse of β-agonists might determine some adverse effects, the ...
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