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Results 351 - 400 of 2627
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Chen Bo - - 2010
We have investigated differences in bovine limbal epithelial cell differentiation when expanded upon intact (amniotic epithelial cells and basement membrane remaining) and denuded human amniotic membrane (AM), a commonly used substrate in ophthalmic surgery for corneal stem cell transplantation. Ex vivo expansion of the epithelial cells, in supplemented media, continued ...
Garay Erika - - 2010
Class I-restricted T cell associated molecule (CRTAM) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that complies with the structural characteristics of the JAM family of proteins and is phylogenetically more closely related to nectin-like proteins. Here we demonstrate for the first time, that CRTAM is expressed in epithelial cells along ...
Reid Ted W - - 2010
Experiments were carried out in the early 1990s to investigate the cell types involved in a pterygium and to determine a possible mechanism of formation. Our first experiments used monoclonal antibodies to keratins and an associated protein (vimentin), to look at the cells that compose a pterygium. These experiments demonstrated ...
Thomas Ligy - - 2010
Safe and efficient endoscopic frontal sinus surgery requires a thorough knowledge of the location of the frontal sinus outflow tract. This study was designed to describe the prevalence of the different frontal recess cells and 3D analysis by virtual endoscopy of their ostial orientation in relation to the frontal ostium. ...
Bauer Mario - - 2012
Epidemiological studies have shown that respirable exposure to emitted cement particulate matter is associated with adverse health risk for human. The underlying mechanisms, however, are poorly understood. To examine the effect of cement, nine blinded cement-related particulates (<10 μm) were assessed with regard to their induction of the proinflammatory cytokines ...
White Steven R - - 2010
IL-4 and IL-13 elicit several important responses in airway epithelium including chemokine secretion and mucous secretion that may contribute to airway inflammation, cell migration, and differentiation. These cytokines have overlapping but not identical effector profiles likely due to shared subunits in their receptor complexes. These receptors are variably described in ...
Imai Fumiyasu - - 2010
In the developing vertebrate lens, epithelial cells differentiate into fiber cells, which are elongated and flat in shape and form a multilayered lens fiber core. In this study, we identified the zebrafish volvox (vov) mutant, which shows defects in lens fiber differentiation. In the vov mutant, lens epithelial cells fail ...
Bian Li - - 2011
Tumor-stroma interactions play a significant role in tumor development and progression. Our study employed an in vitro co-culture model of epithelial cells and fibroblasts to investigate the mechanism of and interaction between lung epithelial cell transformation and fibroblast activation induced by Yunnan tin mine dust. Epithelial cell transformation was evaluated ...
Eastman Rocky R - - 2010
von Brunn's nests have long been recognized as precursors of benign lesions of the urinary bladder mucosa. We report here that von Brunn's nests are especially prevalent in the exstrophic bladder, a birth defect that predisposes the patient to formation of bladder cancer. Cells of von Brunn's nest were found ...
Kao Yuan-Chung - - 2010
The expression of thrombomodulin (TM), a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, is frequently downregulated in various cancer types. However, the mechanism responsible for the low expression level of TM in tumorigenesis is unknown. Here, an inverse expression of TM and Snail was detected in different cancer cell lines. We further confirmed this ...
Hillenbrand Bernd - - 2010
Norovirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans worldwide. Typical symptoms are vomiting, nausea and severe watery diarrhea. Because of the lack of cell lines susceptible to human norovirus infection, pathomechanisms and replication cycle are largely unknown. Here, we address the issue of how norovirus infection could ...
Rock Jason R JR Department of Cell Biology, Nanaline Duke Building, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2010
The small airways of the human lung undergo pathological changes in pulmonary disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans and cystic fibrosis. These clinical problems impose huge personal and societal healthcare burdens. The changes, termed 'pathological airway remodeling', affect the epithelium, the underlying mesenchyme and the ...
Ponnusamy M P MP Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5870, - - 2010
The acquisition of invasiveness in ovarian cancer (OC) is accompanied by the process of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The MUC4 mucin is overexpressed in ovarian tumors and has a role in the invasiveness of OC cells. The present study was aimed at evaluating the potential involvement of MUC4 in the metastasis ...
Ko Ji-Ae - - 2010
The authors previously showed that the expression of various junctional proteins in corneal epithelial cells or corneal fibroblasts (CFs) is regulated by the presence of the other cell type in a coculture system. In this study, the effect of corneal epithelial cells on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in ...
Schiller Katherine R KR Graduate Program in Comparative Molecular Biosciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, - - 2010
The role of cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in airway epithelial wound repair was investigated using normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells and a human airway epithelial cell line (Calu-3) of serous gland origin. Measurements of wound repair were performed using continuous impedance sensing to determine the time ...
Notara Maria M Department of Ocular Biology and Therapeutics, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK. - - 2010
The corneal epithelium is maintained by the limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs). In this study, an in vitro model is proposed for the investigation of cell-cell interactions involving LESC maintenance. Imaging of the limbal niche demonstrated close spatial arrangement between basal limbal epithelial cells within putative LESC niche structures and ...
Liu Ying - - 2010
Induction of autologous stem cells for directed differentiation has become a predominant method to obtain autologous cells for tissue reconstruction. However, the low inducing efficiency and contamination with other type of cells hinder its clinical utilization. Here we report a novel phenomenon that the corneal epithelial cells maintain long-term proliferative ...
Hayashi Ryuhei - - 2010
Recently, regenerative therapy with tissue-engineered epithelial cell sheets has been performed for treating ocular surface disease. It would be required to develop the validation method for these cell sheets to standardize and spread the regenerative therapy. In the present study, we developed a validation system for cultivated epithelial cell sheets. ...
Makihira Seicho - - 2010
Gingival epithelial-like cells (GE-1) were cultured and used to examine the cellular responses of gingival tissues to varying concentrations of titanium (Ti) ions. Titanium ions at concentrations of more than 13 ppm significantly decreased the viability of GE-1 cells and increased LDH release from the cells into the supernatant, but ...
Zulak Katherine G - - 2010
Conifers produce terpenoid-rich oleoresin in specialized resin ducts as a main line of defence against pests and pathogens. In spruce species (Picea spp.), axial resin ducts are either present constitutively in the cortex tissue (cortical resin ducts, CRDs) or are formed de novo as traumatic resin ducts (TRDs) in the ...
Johnston Nikki - - 2010
We undertook to (1) obtain unequivocal evidence to confirm or rebut our initial observations that pepsin is taken up by hypopharyngeal epithelial cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis, (2) investigate whether uptake of pepsin at pH 7, in nonacidic refluxate, is of pathological significance, and 3) test our hypothesis that inactive but ...
Yang Hyun - - 2010
Type B 8-keto trichothecenes are muco-active mycotoxins that are notable contaminants in cereal-based food stuffs. Epithelial responses are of primary concern during gastrointestinal exposure in human and animal intoxications. Therefore, optimized biomarkers to assess the specific action of trichothecenes on the human epithelial barrier are needed. In the present study, ...
Lilly E A EA Department of Oral and Craniofacial Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center and School of Dentistry, New Orleans, LA 70119, - - 2010
Innate and adaptive immunity are considered critical to protection against mucosal candidal infections. Among innate anti-Candida mechanisms, oral and vaginal epithelial cells have antifungal activity. The mechanism is fungistatic, acid-labile and includes a requirement for cell contact by intact, but not necessarily live, epithelial cells. The purpose of this study ...
Levis Hannah J - - 2010
We describe, for the first time, the use of cellular plastic compressed collagen as a substrate for human limbal epithelial cell expansion and stratification. The characteristics of expanded limbal epithelial cells on either acellular collagen constructs or those containing human limbal fibroblasts were compared to a human central cornea control. ...
Karkhaneh Akbar - - 2011
Purpose To introduce a new modification for silicone optical core Keratoprosthesis. Methods Using mixtures of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and acrylic acid polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) films were modified with two-step oxygen plasma treatment, and then type I collagen was immobilised onto this modified surfaces. Both the biocompatibility of the modified films and cell ...
Wetmore Diana R - - 2010
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-shortening disease caused by a mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. To gain an understanding of the epithelial dysfunction associated with CF mutations and discover biomarkers for therapeutics development, untargeted metabolomic analysis was performed on primary human airway epithelial cell cultures ...
Tiriveedhi Venkataswarup V Department of Surgery, Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2010
Long term function of human lung allografts is hindered by development of chronic rejection manifested as Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (BOS). We have previously identified the development of antibodies (Abs) following lung transplantation to K-alpha1-tubulin (KAT), an epithelial surface gap junction cytoskeletal protein, in patients who develop BOS. However, the biochemical ...
Sidhu Sukhvinder S SS Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2010
Periostin is considered to be a matricellular protein with expression typically confined to cells of mesenchymal origin. Here, by using in situ hybridization, we show that periostin is specifically up-regulated in bronchial epithelial cells of asthmatic subjects, and in vitro, we show that periostin protein is basally secreted by airway ...
Schmid Andreas A Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33136, USA. - - 2010
Human airway cilia contain soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) that produces cAMP upon HCO(3)(-)/CO(2) stimulation to increase ciliary beat frequency (CBF). Because apical HCO(3)(-) exchange depends on cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), malfunctioning CFTR might impair sAC-mediated CBF regulation in cells from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). By Western blot, ...
Walker Janice L - - 2010
We investigated an alternative pathway for emergence of the mesenchymal cells involved in epithelial sheet wound healing and a source of myofibroblasts that cause fibrosis. Using a mock cataract surgery model, we discovered a unique subpopulation of polyploid mesenchymal progenitors nestled in small niches among lens epithelial cells that expressed ...
Khoufache Khaled K UPEC, UMR BIPAR, ENVA, AFSSA, Créteil, - - 2010
Since the airway epithelium is the first tissue encountered by airborne fungal spores, specific models are needed to study this interaction. We developed such a model using primary porcine tracheal epithelial cells (PTEC) as a possible alternative to the use of primary human cells. PTEC were obtained from pigs and ...
Qiao Jianou - - 2011
The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a primary cause of lower respiratory tract infections in children, the elderly and in people who are immune suppressed, and is also the cause for the development of asthma primarily in infants. However, the immunological mechanisms by which RSV enhances allergic sensitization and asthma ...
Kim Yong Min YM Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chungnam National University, School of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2010
The pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is still unclear. To evaluate the role of regulatory T cells (Treg) in the pathogenesis of nasal polyposis, we tested migration potential of Treg purified from subjects with CRSwNP, CRS without NP and controls. The nasal tissue expressions of FOXP3 were ...
Quarta Santina - - 2010
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is believed to facilitate invasion and metastasis formation of epithelial tumour cells. SERPINB3 is a serine protease inhibitor, physiologically found in normal squamous epithelium but over-expressed in epithelial tumours and known to inhibit apoptosis. We tested the hypothesis that SERPINB3 has a role in invasion by modulating the ...
Payne Wyatt G - - 2010
Amnion-derived multipotent progenitor (AMP) cells, unlike most stem cells, have been demonstrated to be nontumorigenic and nonimmunogenic. Amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution (ACCS), a secreted product of AMP cells, is a cocktail of cytokines existing at physiological levels and has been used to accelerate epithelialization of experimental partial-thickness burns. Using modifications ...
Zhang Yong - - 2010
Toad skin is naked and continually confronted by various injurious factors. Constant skin renewal and repairs occur frequently. However, the mechanisms of the renewal and repair have not clearly elucidated. In our previous work, a trefoil factor (TFF), Bm-TFF2, has been purified from the Bombina maxima skin and characterized as ...
Yamskova V P - - 2010
Studies of the probability of regulating the regenerative and reparative processes in pathologically modified tissues are reviewed. A ready cell system, providing the realization of reparative and regenerative processes in all organs (cell sources of regeneration), exists in all organisms. The authors suggest that active bioregulators, presented in this paper, ...
Lai Amy - - 2010
Aminopeptidase N (APN)/CD13 is a widely expressed transmembrane ectoenzyme and has been implicated in a myriad of physiological processes that are specific to cell type and tissue origin, including cancer cell metastasis, angiogenesis, cholesterol uptake, apoptosis, and cell migration. Skin cells, in particular fibroblasts have a relatively high level of ...
Sutherland Thomas C TC Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection, Flowers Building, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, United - - 2010
Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of sepsis and meningitis but is also a common commensal, present in the nasopharynx of between 8 and 20% of healthy individuals. During carriage, the bacterium is found on the surface of the nasopharyngeal epithelium and in deeper tissues, while to develop disease the ...
Varadaraj K - - 2010
Mutations and knockout of aquaporin 0 (AQP0) result in dominant lens cataract. To date, several functions have been proposed for AQP0; however, two functions, water permeability and cell-to-cell adhesion have been supported by several investigators and only water channel function has been readily authenticated by in vitro and ex vivo ...
Samavarchi-Tehrani Payman - - 2010
Somatic cells can be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by expression of defined embryonic factors. However, little is known of the molecular mechanisms underlying the reprogramming process. Here we explore somatic cell reprogramming by exploiting a secondary mouse embryonic fibroblast model that forms iPSCs with high efficiency upon ...
Varga Ivan - - 2010
Fetus in fetu (FIF) is a rare condition with less than 150 cases reported in the world to the best of our knowledge. It is a malformed monozygotic twin ("non-dominant twin"), which is found inside the body of a living child or sometimes in an adult ("dominant twin"). Different organs ...
Kubota Miyuki - - 2010
ABCG2 is a putative marker of progenitor cells, including the corneal epithelium. The authors investigated whether ABCG2 functions in the homeostasis of corneal epithelial cells using abcg2 knockout (KO) mice and corneal epithelial cell lines. abcg2 KO mice and a spontaneously immortalized murine corneal epithelial cell line (TKE2) were used ...
Dvorak Anna - - 2011
Human airway epithelial cells cultured in vitro at the air-liquid interface (ALI) form a pseudostratified epithelium that forms tight junctions and cilia, and produces mucin. These cells are widely used in models of differentiation, injury, and repair. To assess how closely the transcriptome of ALI epithelium matches that of in ...
Di Meglio Franca - - 2010
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is implicated in the remodelling of tissues during development and in the adult life. In the heart, it gives origin to progenitors of fibroblasts, coronary endothelium, smooth muscle cells, and cardiomyocytes. Moreover, epicardially-derived cells determine myocardial wall thickness and Purkinje fibre network. Recently, the presence of numerous cardiac ...
Chai J Y - - 2010
Epithelial and mesenchymal cells represent two of the main differentiated cell types in all vertebrates. However, their distinction is not always absolutely clear. Dozens of molecules have been used as markers for each cell type, while emerging evidence questions their validity. The aim of this study was to compare the ...
Zhao X E - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the developmental ability of cloned embryos derived from porcine neural stem (NS) cells, amniotic fluid-derived stem (AFS) cells, differentiated cells from NS and AFS cells, fetal fibroblast (FF) cells, adult fibroblast (AF) cells and mammary gland epithelial (MGE) cells. NS, AFS and ...
Kroening Sven - - 2010
Proximal tubular epithelial cells differ from other epithelial cells in the expression of N-cadherin as major adherens junction protein instead of E-cadherin. Migration of proximal epithelial cells (HKC-8) was analyzed by scratch wounding and by a barrier assay, which allowed determination of migration velocity on different extracellular matrices. Migration velocity ...
Khurram Syed A - - 2010
Chemokines are chemoattractant cytokines which act on specific receptors and play an important role in leukocyte migration as well as physiological and pathological processes. We investigated the role of the chemokine receptor XCR1 and its ligand lymphotactin (Lptn/XCL1) in the regulation of oral epithelial cell behaviour. In vitro XCR1 mRNA ...
Kadoya Yuichi - - 2010
We cultured the rudimental submandibular gland (SMG) of mice with a non-cell-permeable fluorescent tracer, and observed cell behavior during epithelial branching morphogenesis using confocal time-lapse microscopy. We traced movements of individual cells as shadowgraph movies. Individual epithelial cells migrated dynamically but erratically. The epithelial cleft extended by wiggling and separated ...
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