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Dhaliwal Kevin K MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, Queen's Medical Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2011
The need to understand cellular trafficking in vivo in situ requires the development and application of novel methodologies for cellular labeling and cell tracking. Here we applied new technologies associated with advances in molecular imaging to demonstrate the feasibility of labeling primary immune cells. We demonstrate the utility of fluorescently ...
Xu Chunhui C Geron Corporation, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. - - 2011
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) represent a novel cell source to treat diseases such as heart failure and for use in drug screening. In this study, we aim to promote efficient generation of cardiomyocytes from hESCs by combining the current optimal techniques of controlled growth of undifferentiated cells and specific ...
Agapakis Christina M CM Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2011
The evolution of eukaryotic cells is widely agreed to have proceeded through a series of endosymbiotic events between larger cells and proteobacteria or cyanobacteria, leading to the formation of mitochondria or chloroplasts, respectively. Engineered endosymbiotic relationships between different species of cells are a valuable tool for synthetic biology, where engineered ...
Ben-Yoav Hadar - - 2010
Recent advances in the convergence of the biological, chemical, physical, and engineering sciences have opened new avenues of research into the interfacing of diverse biological moieties with inanimate platforms. A main aspect of this field, the integration of live cells with micro-machined platforms for high throughput and bio-sensing applications, is ...
Ahmadi R - - 2010
Microcarriers are widely used for the expansion of cells in vitro, but also offer an approach for combining cell transplantation and tissue bulking for regenerative medicine in a minimally invasive manner. This could be beneficial in conditions associated with muscle damage or atrophy, such as faecal incontinence, where the use ...
Campbell Lia H - - 2010
There are many compounds that can and have been used as cryoprotectants including disaccharides such as trehalose. Many organisms in nature use trehalose to help protect themselves at colder temperatures. Trehalose has also been used to a limited extent for the preservation of mammalian cells and tissues, but mainly as ...
Yao Jeffrey - - 2011
We evaluated the fate of pluripotential stem cells adherent to a suture carrier after being passed through tendon tissue in vitro. FiberWire suture segments were coated with poly-L-lysine (PLL) and a 2 × 10(6) C3H10T1/2 (a mouse embryo pluripotential cell line) cell suspension. The sutures were incubated for 7 days, ...
Frank Benjamin S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study examines in vitro seeding of decellularized human pulmonary valves (hPVs) with human valve interstitial cells (hVICs) isolated from unrelated donor aortic valve leaflets. An assay was developed to assess seeding using precut uniform sized biopsies from whole hPVs for sequential evaluation of seeding efficiency, proliferation, and migration. ...
Liberski Albert R - - 2011
A new approach to prepare arrays of sessile droplets of living single cell cultures using a liquid hydrophobic barrier prevents the samples from dehydrating, and allows for spatially addressable arrays for statistical quantitative single cell studies. By carefully advancing a thin layer of mineral oil on the substrate over the ...
Adani Fabrizio - - 2011
The cell wall structure protects cellulose from enzymatic attack and its successive fermentation. The nature of this protection consists in the very complex macroscopic and microscopic structure of cell wall that limits transport. Explaining this kind of protection is critical in future research to improve cell polymer availability for enzymatic ...
Kurahashi Masaaki - - 2011
Smooth muscles, as in the gastrointestinal tract, are composed of several types of cells. Gastrointestinal muscles contain smooth muscle cells, enteric neurons, glial cells, immune cells, and various classes of interstitial cells. One type of interstitial cell, referred to as 'fibroblast-like cells' by morphologists, are common, but their function is ...
Park Su A - - 2010
For tissue engineering and regeneration, a porous scaffold with interconnected networks is needed to guide cell attachment and growth/ingrowth in three-dimensional (3D) structure. Using a rapid prototyping (RP) technique, we designed and fabricated 3D plotting system and three types of scaffolds: those from polycaprolactone (PCL), those from PCL and hydroxyapatite ...
Harris L K LK Maternal and Fetal Health Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. - - 2011
During human pregnancy, the uterine spiral arteries are progressively remodelled to form dilated conduits lacking maternal vasomotor control. This phenomenon ensures that a constant supply of blood is delivered to the materno-fetal interface at an optimal velocity for nutrient exchange. Conversion of a tonic maternal arteriole composed of multiple layers ...
Tao Rong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents have demonstrated a substantial reduction of restenosis and currently are gaining a leading position in the intervention field. Triptolide, a purified extract from Chinese herb medicine Tripterygium wilfordii hook F, exhibits antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic function in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, we investigated effects ...
Théry Manuel - - 2010
In situ, cells are highly sensitive to geometrical and mechanical constraints from their microenvironment. These parameters are, however, uncontrolled under classic culture conditions, which are thus highly artefactual. Micro-engineering techniques provide tools to modify the chemical properties of cell culture substrates at sub-cellular scales. These can be used to restrict ...
Moss Isaac L - - 2010
ABSTRACT: Study Design: Biomechanical, in vitro, and initial in vivo evaluation of a thiol-modified hyaluronan (TM-HA) and elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) composite hydrogel for nucleus pulposus tissue engineering.Objective: To investigate the utility of a TM-HA and ELP composite material as a potential tissue engineering scaffold to reconstitute the nucleus pulposus (NP) ...
Zhao Xuanhe - - 2011
Porous biomaterials have been widely used as scaffolds in tissue engineering and cell-based therapies. The release of biological agents from conventional porous scaffolds is typically governed by molecular diffusion, material degradation, and cell migration, which do not allow for dynamic external regulation. We present a new active porous scaffold that ...
Brown Ashley C - - 2011
The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides important cues for directing cell phenotype. Cells interact with underlying ECM through cell-surface receptors known as integrins, which bind to specific sequences on their ligands. During tissue development, repair, and regeneration of epithelial tissues, cells must interact with an interstitial fibronectin (Fn)-rich matrix, which has ...
Dvir Tal T Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2011
Tissue engineering aims at developing functional substitutes for damaged tissues and organs. Before transplantation, cells are generally seeded on biomaterial scaffolds that recapitulate the extracellular matrix and provide cells with information that is important for tissue development. Here we review the nanocomposite nature of the extracellular matrix, describe the design ...
Sansbury Brian E - - 2011
The ability of the cell to generate sufficient energy through oxidative phosphorylation and to maintain healthy pools of mitochondria are critical for survival and maintenance of normal biological function, especially during periods of increased oxidative stress. Mitochondria in most cardiovascular cells function at a basal level that only draws upon ...
Mulhall Hayley - - 2010
Both chemical and physical stimuli can influence the fate of precursor cell populations. Therefore, the impact they have on promoting unwanted differentiation events must be understood to improve the yield and purity of therapeutic cells for regenerative medicine approaches. Capillary shear forces, similar to those encountered during cell processing, can ...
Regot Sergi - - 2011
Ongoing efforts within synthetic and systems biology have been directed towards the building of artificial computational devices using engineered biological units as basic building blocks. Such efforts, inspired in the standard design of electronic circuits, are limited by the difficulties arising from wiring the basic computational units (logic gates) through ...
Fan Chunling - - 2011
Hypoxia-induced mitogenic factor (HIMF) is a newly discovered protein that is up-regulated in murine models of pulmonary arterial hypertension and asthma. Our previous study shows that HIMF is a potent mitogenic, angiogenic, and vasoconstrictive chemokine associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to investigate downstream molecules in ...
Kovar David R - - 2011
How the actin cytoskeleton assembles into different structures to drive diverse cellular processes is a fundamental cell biological question. In addition to orchestrating the appropriate combination of regulators and actin-binding proteins, different actin-based structures must insulate themselves from one another to maintain specificity within a crowded cytoplasm. Actin specification is ...
Ghibaudo Marion - - 2011
Most tissue cells evolve in vivo in a three-dimensional (3D) microenvironment including complex topographical patterns. Cells exert contractile forces to adhere and migrate through the extracellular matrix (ECM). Although cell mechanics has been extensively studied on 2D surfaces, there are too few approaches that give access to the traction forces ...
Gelderman Monique P - - 2011
Retrospective studies on transfusion recipients suggested that transfusion of older red blood cells (RBCs) was associated with higher morbidity. Similar studies were also done on cardiac surgery patients who were placed on cardiac bypass pumps. It is possible that stored RBCs are more fragile and could be more easily damaged ...
Dong Xia - - 2011
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) was reported to suppress the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) which play an important role in several vascular proliferative disorders including restenosis. Our preliminary studies demonstrated that TFPI gene induced apoptosis in human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMCs). The current study ...
Wood Thomas K - - 2011
Anywhere water is in the liquid state, bacteria will exist as biofilms, which are complex communities of cells that are cemented together. Although frequently associated with disease and biofouling, biofilms are also important for engineering applications, such as bioremediation, biocatalysis and microbial fuel cells. Here, we review approaches to alter ...
Lam May L - - 2011
The adult mammalian heart is known to contain a population of cardiac progenitor cells. It has not been unambiguously determined, however, whether these cells form as part of the developmental program of the heart or migrate there by way of the circulatory system. This study was done in order to ...
Kasza Karen E - - 2011
Contractile actin-myosin networks generate forces that drive cell shape changes and tissue remodeling during development. These forces can also actively regulate cell signaling and behavior. Novel features of actin-myosin network dynamics, such as pulsed contractile behaviors and the regulation of myosin localization by tension, have been uncovered in recent studies ...
Nhiem Nguyen Xuan - - 2010
By various chromatographic methods, three flavonoids, (2S)-naringenin (1), isorhamnetin 3-O-(2-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl) β-D-glucopyranoside (2), typhaneoside (3), and two sterol glycosides, β-sitosterol-3-O-(6-octadecanoyl) β-D-glucopyranoside (4) and β-sitosterol-3-O-(6-octadeca-9Z,12Z-dienoyl) β-D-glucopyranoside (5), were isolated from the pollen of Typha angustata. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. The flavonoids (1-3) were evaluated for their ...
Satoh Akira - - 2010
Intercalation is the process whereby cells located at the boundary of a wound interact to stimulate proliferation and the restoration of the structures between the boundaries that were lost during wounding. Thus, intercalation is widely considered to be the mechanism of regeneration. When a salamander limb is amputated, the entire ...
Ma Yi Jun - - 2010
IceA of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been suggested as a virulence factor for the bacteria, but its pathogenic role remains unelucidated. Here, we examined the effect of iceA mutation on the secretion of IL-8 by human gastric epithelial cells. We also investigated whether the changes in IL-8 production caused ...
Yamamoto Shintaro - - 2010
OSU03012, a novel celecoxib derivative, has been shown to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in numerous cancer cell lines. However, not much is known about its influence on cell volume regulation and cardiac function in the mammalian heart. We examined the effects of OSU-03012 on cell volume and action potentials ...
Schillers Hermann - - 2010
The cytoskeleton is the physical and biochemical interface for a large variety of cellular processes. Its complex regulation machinery is involved upstream and downstream in various signaling pathways. The cytoskeleton determines the mechanical properties of a cell. Thus, cell elasticity could serve as a parameter reflecting the behavior of the ...
Dengler Jana - - 2011
Embryonic stem cell (ESC) derivatives are a promising cell source for cardiac cell therapy. Mechanistic studies upon cell injection in conventional animal models are limited by inefficient delivery and poor cell survival. As an alternative, we have used an engineered heart tissue (EHT) based on neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) cultivated ...
Han Xiao - - 2011
To investigate the protective or lethal role of autophagy and the effects of Salvianolic acid B (Sal B) on autophagy in starving myocytes. Cardiac myocytes were incubated under starvation conditions (GD) for 0, 1, 2, 3, and 6 h. Autophagic flux in starving cells was measured via chloroquine (3 μmol/L). ...
Ho Jennifer Hui-Chun - - 2011
Loss of corneal epithelial cells results in visual problems. Stem cells isolated from the limbal area of the ocular surface are able to replenish lost corneal epithelial cells. However, destruction of the healthy limbus tissue is inevitable. Theoretically, orbital fat should be an excellent source to isolate stem cells for ...
Leroux O - - 2011
Extraxylary helical cell wall thickenings in vascular plants are not well documented, except for those in orchid velamen tissues which have been studied extensively. Reports on their occurrence in ferns exist, but detailed information is missing. The aim of this study is to focus on the broad patterns of structure ...
Radford Janine E - - 2011
Actin and myosin are components of plasmodesmata, the cytoplasmic channels between plant cells, but their role in regulating these channels is unclear. Here, we investigated the role of myosin in regulating plasmodesmata in a well-studied, simple system comprising single filaments of cells which form stamen hairs in Tradescantia virginiana flowers. ...
Hubert Thomas - - 2011
Although many actin binding proteins such as cortactin and the Arp2/3 activator WASH localize at the centrosome, the presence and conformation of actin at the centrosome has remained elusive. Here, we report the localization of actin at the centrosome in interphase but not in mitotic MDA-MB-231 cells. Centrosomal actin was ...
Friedl Peter - - 2011
During cell migration, the movement of the nucleus must be coordinated with the cytoskeletal dynamics at the leading edge and trailing end, and, as a result, undergoes complex changes in position and shape, which in turn affects cell polarity, shape, and migration efficiency. We here describe the steps of nuclear ...
Schneckenburger Herbert - - 2011
An overview on fluorescence microscopy with high spatial, spectral and temporal resolution is given. In addition to 3D microscopy based on confocal, structured or single plane illumination, spectral imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) are used to probe the interaction of a fluorescent molecule with its micro-environment. Variable-angle total ...
Schneckenburger Herbert - - 2010
An overview on fluorescence microscopy with high spatial, spectral and temporal resolution is given. In addition to 3D microscopy based on confocal, structured or single plane illumination, spectral imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) are used to probe the interaction of a fluorescent molecule with its micro-environment. Variable-angle total ...
Qu Xin - - 2011
The retention of lipoproteins in the arterial intima is an initial event in early atherosclerosis and occurs, in part, through interactions between negatively charged glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and the positively charged residues of apolipoproteins. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) which infiltrate into the lipoprotein-enriched intima have been observed to transform into lipid-laden ...
Su Kai - - 2011
The present study aims to develop a novel open and hollow shell-structure cell microcarrier (SSCM) to improve the anchorage-dependent cell (ADC) loading efficiency, increase the space for cell proliferation and tissue regeneration, and better propel its therapeutic effects. Gelatin particles were prepared with oil/water/oil (o/w/o) technique and modified by an ...
Chen You-Peng - - 2011
Recently microbial fuel cells (MFCs) have attracted increasing interests in both environmental and energy fields. Among the various MFC configurations, miniature microbial fuel cell (mini-MFC) has a great potential for the application in medical, communication and other areas because of its miniature volume and high output power density. In this ...
Gabillard Jean Charles - - 2010
Fish satellite cells have been extracted from various species, but the myogenic characteristics of these cells in culture remain largely unknown. We show here that 60%-70% of the adherent cells are myogenic based on their immunoreactivity for the myogenic regulatory factor MyoD. In DMEM containing 10% fetal calf serum (FCS), ...
Chung Chiung-yin - - 2011
In vitro models of cardiac hypertrophy focus exclusively on applying "external" dynamic signals (electrical, mechanical, and chemical) to achieve a hypertrophic state. In contrast, here we set out to demonstrate the role of "self-organized" cellular architecture and activity in reprogramming cardiac cell/tissue function toward a hypertrophic phenotype. We report that ...
Watkins Sarah J SJ Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Newcastle, NE1 3BZ, - - 2011
Cardiac hypertrophy is a major risk factor for heart failure and associated patient morbidity and mortality. Research investigating the aberrant molecular processes that occur during cardiac hypertrophy uses primary cardiomyocytes from neonatal rat hearts as the standard experimental in vitro system. In addition, some studies make use of the H9C2 ...
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