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Mignolet Johann - - 2011
A protective organelle that is essential for viability under most conditions, the cell wall is a dynamic structure that is continuously remodelled with the growth of the bacterial cell. Because the cell wall also moulds the bacterium, the mechanisms of cell wall homeostasis can be deciphered using cell shape as ...
Durst Christopher A - - 2011
The limitations of the current clinical options for valve replacements inspire development of enabling technologies to create a tissue engineered heart valve (TEHV). Poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogel scaffolds permit greater biological and biomechanical customization than do non-woven mesh scaffold technologies. However, the material characterization of PEGDA hydrogels has been ...
Curtis Matthew W - - 2011
Cells of the myocardium are at home in one of the most mechanically dynamic environments in the body. At the cellular level, pulsatile stimuli of chamber filling and emptying are experienced as cyclic strains (relative deformation) and stresses (force per unit area). The intrinsic characteristics of tension-generating myocytes and fibroblasts ...
Yanagawa Fumiki - - 2011
The organization of cells within a well-defined microenvironment is important in generating the resulting tissue function. However, the cellular organization within biodegradable scaffolds often does not resemble those of native tissues. In this study, we present directed assembly of microgels to organize cells for building porous 3D tissue constructs. Cell-laden ...
van Oorschot Angelique A M - - 2011
Previously we observed that cardiomyocyte progenitor cells (hCMPCs) isolated from the human heart differentiate spontaneously into cardiomyocytes and vascular cells when transplanted after myocardial infarction (MI) in the ischemic heart. After MI, deprivation of oxygen is the first major change in the cardiac environment. How cells handle hypoxia is highly ...
Gualtieri Marc - - 2011
AIMS: To compare the effects of polypropylene mesh or porcine dermal acellular collagen matrix mesh with and without estradiol supplementation on vaginal smooth muscle cells (VaSMC) proliferation. RESULTS: Under in vitro culture conditions, VaSMC proliferation was significantly higher in the porcine dermal acellular collagen matrix mesh exposed cells compared to ...
Barnes Jeffrey L - - 2011
Progression of fibrosis involves interstitial hypercellularity, matrix accumulation, and atrophy of epithelial structures, resulting in loss of normal function and ultimately organ failure. There is common agreement that the fibroblast/myofibroblast is the cell type most responsible for interstitial matrix accumulation and consequent structural deformations associated with fibrosis. During wound healing ...
Anan Mayumi - - 2011
The heart has epicardial adipose tissue that produces adipokines and mesenchymal stem cells. Systemic adipose tissue is involved in the pathophysiology of obesity-related heart diseases. However, the method for analyzing the direct interaction between adipose tissue and cardiomyocytes has not been established. Here we show the novel model, using collagen ...
Munarin F - - 2011
A variety of natural polymers and proteins are considered to be 3D cell culture structures able to mimic the extracellular matrix (ECM) to promote bone tissue regeneration. Pectin, a natural polysaccharide extracted from the plant cell walls and having a chemical structure similar to alginate, provides interesting properties as artificial ...
Sung Bong Hwan - - 2011
Podosomes are cytoskeletal-based structures involved in extracellular matrix remodeling and cellular motility. A new study now implicates podosomes in pore formation during myoblast fusion.
Galie Peter A - - 2011
The fibroblast-myofibroblast transition is an important event in the development of cardiac fibrosis and scar formation initiated after myocardial ischemia. The goals of the present study were to better understand the contribution of environmental factors to this transition and determine whether myofibroblasts provide equally important feedback to the surrounding environment. ...
Datta Anirban - - 2011
The asymmetric polarization of cells allows specialized functions to be performed at discrete subcellular locales. Spatiotemporal coordination of polarization between groups of cells allowed the evolution of metazoa. For instance, coordinated apical-basal polarization of epithelial and endothelial cells allows transport of nutrients and metabolites across cell barriers and tissue microenvironments. ...
Sa S Z H - - 2011
Abstract Our study was designed to investigate immunohistochemically the expression of the receptors of the erbB/HER family (erbB1/HER1, erbB2/HER2, erbB3/HER3, erbB4/HER4) in the bovine uterus during the follicular and luteal phases of the sexual cycle, and the relation to ovarian sex steroids. The stage of the estrous cycle in 30 ...
Schabort Elske J - - 2011
Following muscle injury, the damaged tissue and influx of inflammatory cells stimulate the secretion of growth factors and cytokines to initiate repair processes. This release of chemotactic signaling factors activates resident precursor cells and stimulates their mobilization and migration to the site of injury where terminal differentiation can occur. The ...
Pontarin Giovanna - - 2011
Ribonucleotide reduction provides deoxynucleotides for nuclear and mitochondrial (mt) DNA replication and DNA repair. In cycling mammalian cells the reaction is catalyzed by two proteins, R1 and R2. A third protein, p53R2, with the same function as R2, occurs in minute amounts. In quiescent cells, p53R2 replaces the absent R2. ...
Gang Hongying - - 2011
A delicate balance exists between cell growth and cell death. In the context of the adult myocardium, inappropriate or inordinate cell loss through an apoptotic process may profoundly influence cardiac structure, function, or both given the limited and meager ability of the heart for repair after injury. Earlier work by ...
Guzun Rita - - 2011
Mitochondria-cytoskeleton interactions were analyzed in adult rat cardiomyocytes and in cancerous non-beating HL-1 cells of cardiac phenotype. We show that in adult cardiomyocytes βII-tubulin is associated with mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM). βI-tubulin demonstrates diffused intracellular distribution, βIII-tubulin is colocalized with Z-lines and βIV-tubulin forms microtubular network. HL-1 cells are characterized ...
Sirica Alphonse E - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this brief review is to provide an up-to-date view of the role played by α-smooth muscle actin-positive cancer-associated fibroblastic cells in promoting intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma progression. RECENT FINDINGS: An increase in α-smooth muscle actin-positive cancer-associated fibroblastic cells in the stroma of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma has recently ...
Galie Peter A PA Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2011
The present study describes the design and validation of a simple apparatus to apply simultaneous mechanical and fluidic stress to three-dimensional (3D) cell-seeded collagen hydrogels. Constructs were formed in wells in a silicone substrate that could be stretched cyclically, and were also fitted with inlet ports to apply fluid flow. ...
Stocum David L - - 2011
The experimental study of amphibian limb regeneration spans most of the 20(th) century and the first decade of the 21(st) century. We first review the major questions investigated over this time span: (1) the origin of regeneration blastema cells, the mechanism of tissue breakdown that liberates cells from their tissue ...
Watanabe-Nakayama Takahiro - - 2011
The cellular response to external mechanical forces has important effects on numerous biological phenomena. The sequences of molecular events that underlie the observed changes in cellular properties have yet to be elucidated in detail. Here we have detected the responses of a cultured cell against locally applied cyclic stretching and ...
Shen Elizabeth P - - 2011
To compare the corneal epitheliotrophic capacity of different human blood-derived preparations, including cord blood serum (CBS), peripheral blood serum (PBS), and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) on bovine corneal epithelial cells. The concentrations of epithelial growth factor, transforming growth factor β1, insulin-like growth factor 1, hyaluronic acid, fibronectin, albumin, glucose, and ...
Wan Pengxia - - 2011
To explore the feasibility and efficacy of a cell delivery system using amniotic membrane (AM) fixed by a novel biomembrane-fixing device (BMFD) for corneal epithelium reconstruction in rabbits with limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). Sixty female rabbits with LSCD were created and randomly assigned to three groups of 20 each: ...
Skelton William P WP - - 2011
Four cardiac hormones, namely, vessel dilator, long-acting natriuretic peptide, atrial natriuretic peptide and kaliuretic peptide, have anticancer effects but whether they cause cell death of human cancer cells or normal cells is unknown. These cardiac hormones were examined for their ability to cause cell death quantified by measurement of nuclear ...
Asally Munehiro - - 2011
The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is the only gateway for molecular trafficking across the nuclear envelope. The NPC is not merely a static nuclear-cytoplasmic transport gate; the functional analysis of nucleoporins has revealed dynamic features of the NPC in various cellular functions, such as mitotic spindle formation and protein modification. ...
Du Ren-Hong - - 2011
We have previously found that volume-regulated chloride current (VRCC) is involved in cell cycle progression and cell proliferation. This study was to examine the effect of Tween 80, a nonionic surfactant, on VRCC and cell proliferation in rat basilar artery smooth muscle cells (BASMCs). VRCC was recorded using a whole-cell ...
Grimm Daniela - - 2011
For medical and biotechnological reasons, it is important to study mammalian cells, animals, bacteria and plants exposed to simulated and real microgravity. It is necessary to detect the cellular changes that cause the medical problems often observed in astronauts, cosmonauts or animals returning from prolonged space missions. In order for ...
Koyama Sumihiro - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to develop the modulation methods for the attachment and detachment of specifically positioned adhesive animal cells cultured on an electrode surface with the application of a weak electrical potential. A patterned indium tin oxide (ITO) optically transparent working electrode was placed on the bottom ...
Catanese Muriel - - 2011
To assess corneal epithelial cell survival after keratoplasty. Corneal impression cytology (CIC) was performed on sex-mismatched corneal transplants. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with sex chromosome-specific probes was performed to identify epithelial cell mosaicism and therefore allocate the donor or recipient origin of the cells. Twenty-four samples of corneal epithelial ...
Ke Qicheng - - 2011
Limbal stem-cell deficiency by ocular trauma or disease causes corneal opacification and vision loss. Conventional tissue engineering using biodegradable scaffolds has met with limited success. In this study, we developed a novel method for preparing carrier-free epithelial cell sheets, which have potential for use in repairing defects of the ocular ...
Lavis Luke D - - 2011
Histochemistry-chemistry in the context of biological tissue-is an invaluable set of techniques used to visualize biological structures. This field lies at the interface of organic chemistry, biochemistry, and biology. Integration of these disciplines over the past century has permitted the imaging of cells and tissues using microscopy. Today, by exploiting ...
Negroni Elisa - - 2011
Muscular dystrophies are a heterogeneous group of genetic diseases characterized by muscle weakness, wasting and degeneration. Cell therapy consists of delivering myogenic precursor cells to damaged tissue for the complementation of missing proteins and/or the regeneration of new muscle fibres. We focus on human candidate cells described so far (myoblasts, ...
Kraning-Rush Casey M CM Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2011
To adhere and migrate, cells generate forces through the cytoskeleton that are transmitted to the surrounding matrix. While cellular force generation has been studied on 2D substrates, less is known about cytoskeletal-mediated traction forces of cells embedded in more in vivo-like 3D matrices. Recent studies have revealed important differences between ...
Gong Hui - - 2011
Urotensin II (UII) induces the development of cardiac remodeling and atherosclerosis by promoting hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes and mitogenesis of fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells. But its effect on cardiac side population cells (CSPs), one of somatic stem cells, is unclear. The present study examined the influences of UII on ...
Issa Rita I - - 2011
The initial seeding density is a critical variable in functional tissue engineering. A sufficient number of cells uniformly distributed throughout the scaffold is a key requirement to achieve homogeneous extra cellular matrix (ECM) deposition <i>in vitro</i>. However, high initial seeding densities might have negative repercussions on nutrient availability, cellular metabolism, ...
Tamaki Tetsuro - - 2011
As a novel approach to distinguish skeletal myogenic cell populations, basal lamina (BL) formation of myogenic cells was examined in the mouse compensatory enlarged plantaris muscles in vivo and in fiber-bundle cultures in vitro. MyoD(+) myogenic cells located inside the regenerative muscle fiber BL were laminin(-) but interstitial MyoD(+) cells ...
Daus Andreas W - - 2011
In recent years, a number of in vitro studies have reported on the possible athermal effects of electromagnetic exposure on biological tissue. Typically, this kind of study is performed on monolayers of primary cells or cell lines. However, two-dimensional cell layer systems lack physiological relevance since cells in vivo are ...
Hur Soojung Claire - - 2011
The ability to detect and isolate rare target cells from heterogeneous samples is in high demand in cell biology research, immunology, tissue engineering and medicine. Techniques allowing label-free cell enrichment or detection are especially important to reduce the complexity and costs towards clinical applications. Single-cell deformability has recently been recognized ...
Fogelstrand Per - - 2011
Background/Aims: Formation of intimal hyperplasia following angioplastic procedures can lead to complications, including restenosis and accelerated atherosclerosis. The vessel wall media is a main source of neointimal cells. However, evidence suggests that there are additional cell sources, such as the adventitia. Here we investigate whether an extensive loss of vascular ...
Daughters Randall S - - 2011
We have studied the origin of muscle satellite cells in embryos of Xenopus laevis. Fate mapping at the open neural plate stage was carried out using orthotopic grafts from transgenic embryos expressing GFP. This shows that most satellite cells originate from the dorsolateral plate rather than from the paraxial mesoderm. ...
Kawano Takahito - - 2011
Directional cell migration induced by a mechanical gradient on a substrate surface toward a harder region, so-called mechanotaxis or durotaxis, has recently drawn attention not only in the field of mechanobiology but also for possible cell manipulation in biomedical engineering. Before we can use mechanotaxis to control cell migration on ...
Yang Ying - - 2011
In this study, a new technique that controls individual cell orientation using nanofiber meshes within three-dimensional (3D) hydrogels is reported. Highly aligned and fragile electrospun nanofibers (average diameter 500 nm) were manufactured into portable and handleable meshes with average line density of 45 nanofibers per 100 μm and thickness ranging ...
Dehne Nathalie - - 2011
Skeletal muscle damage provokes complex repair mechanisms including recruitment of leukocytes as well as activation of myogenic precursor cells like satellite cells. To study muscle cell repair mechanisms following muscle fiber damage we used an in vitro model of scrape-injured myotubes. Exposing vital C2C12 myoblasts and myotubes to cell debris ...
Hegewald Aldemar A - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design: Human annulus fibrosus (AF) tissue and cells were analyzed for the presence of chemokine receptors and the migratory effect of selected chemokines.Objective: To investigate spontaneous repair mechanisms and underlying cell recruitment in response to annular tears and degenerative defects.Summary of Background Data: Resorption of herniated disc tissue ...
Wang Xiaobin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Propofol is a widely used intravenous anesthetic agent with antioxidant properties. However, the effect of propofol on reactive oxygen species-induced injury in vascular smooth muscle cells is still unknown. In this study, the authors determined the effect of propofol on hydrogen peroxide-induced injury in vascular smooth muscle cells and ...
Bax Noortje Am - - 2011
The myocardium of the developing heart tube is covered by epicardium. These epicardial cells undergo a process of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) and develop into epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs). The ingrowing EPDCs differentiate into several celltypes of which the cardiac fibroblasts form the main group. Disturbance of EMT of the epicardium leads ...
Pasco Neil F - - 2011
Whole cell biosensors are the focus of considerable and increasing interest worldwide as methods for detecting and quantifying environmental toxicity, including biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), heavy metals, antibiotics, pesticides and herbicides. This review follows the development of whole cell biosensors from attempts to utilise changes in cellular metabolism to determine ...
Guillotin Bertrand - - 2011
Bottom-up tissue engineering technologies address two of the main limitations of top-down tissue engineering approaches: the control of mass transfer and the fabrication of a controlled and functional histoarchitecture. These emerging technologies encompass mesoscale (e.g. cell sheets, cell-laden hydrogels and 3D printing) and microscale technologies (e.g. inkjet printing and laser-assisted ...
Cunningham Rebecca M J - - 2011
PURPOSE:: We investigated the ultrastructural characteristics of interstitial cells of Cajal in the guinea pig bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Bladders were removed from guinea pigs and processed for transmission electron microscopy. Some sections were labeled with c-Kit antibodies and colloidal gold particles for positive identification of interstitial cells of Cajal. ...
Qi Ruiling - - 2011
Organic/inorganic hybrid nanofiber systems have generated great interest in the area of tissue engineering and drug delivery. In this study, halloysite nanotube (HNT)-doped poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) composite nanofibers were fabricated via electrospinning and the influence of the incorporation of HNTs within PLGA nanofibers on their in vitro biocompatibility was investigated. ...
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