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Gerlee Philip P Cancer Centrum Sahlgrenska, Göteborg University, Sweden. - - 2011
Multicellular organisms maintain form and function through a multitude of homeostatic mechanisms. The details of these mechanisms are in many cases unknown, and so are their evolutionary origin and their link to development. In order to illuminate these issues we have investigated the evolution of structural homeostasis in the simplest ...
Müller Daniel J - - 2011
The emerging field of 'live cell nanoscopy' has revolutionized the way biologists explore the living cell at molecular resolution. Whereas far-field fluorescence nanoscopy enables the study of the nanoscale localization and dynamics of biomolecules in cells, recent developments in atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques offer unprecedented opportunities for imaging the ...
Dubey Ashutosh Kumar - - 2011
From the point of view of biocompatibility of bone analog materials, cell-material interaction is of fundamental importance. In this article, we report the effect of pulse electric field stimulation on cell-material interaction by analyzing cellular functionality and viability. An in-house fabricated pulse electric field setup was used for the application ...
Huang Ngan F NF Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA 94305-5406, USA. - - 2011
The extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironment consists of structural and functional molecules. The ECM relays both biochemical and biophysical cues to and from the cells to modulate cell behavior and function. The biophysical cues can be engineered and applied to cells by means of spatial patterning, matrix rigidity, and matrix actuation. ...
Bourdon Matthieu - - 2011
Endopolyploidy, i.e. amplification of the genome in absence of mitosis, occurs in many plant species and goes along with organ and cell differentiation. Deciphering the functional roles of endopolyploidy is hampered by the fact that polyploid tissues generally comprise cells with various ploidy levels. In some fleshy fruits (amongst them ...
Shi Xiaoli - - 2011
Influences of substrate stiffness on mechanical properties of cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts were investigated by cell elasticity measurement with atomic force microscopy. The cells were cultured on collagen-coated polyacrylamide substrates with gradient rigidity. While cardiac myocytes showed no evident change in cell elasticity on different substrates, cardiac fibroblasts displayed the ...
Lamport Derek T A - - 2011
Nearly two centuries of progress have established the major components of the plant cell wall, a composite that includes interpenetrating networks of cellulose (Payen, 1838; Schulze, 1891), microfibrils (Frey-Wyssling et al., 1948; Preston et al., 1948), pectin (Braconnot, 1825) and lignin (Payen, 1838). However, only over the last five decades ...
Yoshiyama Shinji - - 2011
Cigarette smoking is one of the factors causing accumulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerotic plaques. Changes in cell migration toward platelet-derived growth factor BB were investigated using a Boyden chamber after 48-h preincubation of GBaSM-4 VSMCs with nicotine or nicotine-free cigarette smoke extract (CSE). A nicotine concentration ...
Yarham Gemma - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Donor blood supplies are diminishing, becoming more costly and these transfusions lead to higher mortality in cardiac patients. The transfusion risks and the literature highlight the need for an alternative similar to cell salvage to be routinely considered. The Xtra is the first cell saver to be launched since ...
Seibold J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present a versatile large animal model for endoscopic stricture repair using autologous urothelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 12 male minipigs were used. An artificial stricture model was established using suture-ligation, thermo-coagulation and internal urethrotomy. A vesicostomy served for urinary diversion. Stricture formation was confirmed radiologically and histologically. Autologous ...
Xu Songyi - - 2012
Valve interstitial cells, the most prominent cell type in the heart valve, are activated and express α-smooth muscle actin in valve repair and in diseased valves. We hypothesize that cell density, time in culture, and the establishment of cell-cell contacts may be involved in regulating valve interstitial cell activation in ...
Kontturi Leena-Stiina - - 2011
Microencapsulated and genetically engineered cells may be used for prolonged delivery of therapeutically active proteins. The objective of this study was to develop a simple, inexpensive and flexible laboratory-scale device for the production of cell microcapsules, especially capsules of small diameter (<300μm). Many microencapsulation devices are expensive, difficult to assemble ...
Burdick Jason A JA Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104, USA. - - 2011
Hyaluronic acid (HA), an immunoneutral polysaccharide that is ubiquitous in the human body, is crucial for many cellular and tissue functions and has been in clinical use for over thirty years. When chemically modified, HA can be transformed into many physical forms-viscoelastic solutions, soft or stiff hydrogels, electrospun fibers, non-woven ...
Takahashi Hironobu - - 2011
Newly developed fabrication technique of thermoresponsive surface using RAFT-mediated block copolymerization and photolithography achieved stripe-like micropatterning of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm) brush domains and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(N-acryloylmorpholine) domains. Normal human dermal fibroblasts were aligned on the physicochemically patterned surfaces simply by one-pot cell seeding. Fluorescence images showed the well-controlled orientation of actin fibers and ...
Thanos Cg - - 2011
One of the primary obstacles in the restoration or repair of damaged tissues is the temporospatial orchestration of biological and physiological events. Cellular transplantation is an important component of tissue repair as grafted cells can serve both as replacement cells or as a source of secreted factors. But few, if ...
Chen Clarice - - 2011
With the advent of multicellular organisms, the exterior of cells evolved dramatically from highly aqueous surroundings into an extracellular matrix and space crowded with macromolecules. Cell-based therapies require removal of cells from their crowded physiological context and propagating them in dilute culture medium to attain therapeutically relevant numbers whilst preserving ...
Hopyan Sevan - - 2011
Questions regarding morphogenesis have played second fiddle to those pertaining to pattern formation among the limb development set for some time. A recent series of publications has reinvigorated the search for mechanisms by which the limb bud arises, elongates and acquires its peculiar shape. While there are stage-specific variations, the ...
Sokolova Viktoriya - - 2011
In biosciences, it is often necessary to follow the pathway of nanoparticles within cells or tissues. The nanoparticles can be used as labeled sensors which may, e.g., address functionalities within a cell, carry other specific agents like drugs or be magnetic for tumor thermotherapy. In the context of nanotoxicology, the ...
Parsa Hesam - - 2011
Although individual cells vary in behavior during the formation of tissues, the nature of such variations are largely uncharacterized. Here, we tracked the morphologies and motilities of ~300 human endothelial cells from an initial dispersed state to the formation of capillary-like structures, distilling the dynamics of tissue morphogenesis into an ...
Maruthamuthu Venkat V Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2011
Cells in tissues are mechanically coupled both to the ECM and neighboring cells, but the coordination and interdependency of forces sustained at cell-ECM and cell-cell adhesions are unknown. In this paper, we demonstrate that the endogenous force sustained at the cell-cell contact between a pair of epithelial cells is approximately ...
Lee Wen-Yu - - 2011
Engineering three-dimensional (3D) cell-dense tissues with a well-organized structure remains a challenge in tissue engineering. In this study, highly oriented fibrous bundles, consisted of composite fibers of poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide)/superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, were fabricated using an electrospinning technique. The magnetic properties of the fabricated fibrous bundles were examined by a vibrating ...
Fu Rui - - 2011
Androgens are known to modulate the skeletal muscle proliferation and differentiation processes. Recent in-vitro studies have shown that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and anabolic steroids have functions in promoting the proliferation and differentiation of the mouse skeletal muscle myoblast C2C12 cell line through the classical androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway. But there ...
Patel Minal - - 2011
Capillary shear stress can improve osteogenic differentiation in muscle-derived precursor cells (MDPCs). This has implications for large-scale bioprocessing of cell therapies where capillary transfer is needed. The recovery, viability, and osteogenic differentiation potential of two subsets of MDPCs, early-adherent pre-plate 1 (PP1) and late-adherent PP3 populations, have been examined: PP1 MDPCs ...
Engelhardt Eva-Maria - - 2011
Scaffold materials should favor cell attachment and proliferation, and provide designable 3D structures with appropriate mechanical strength. Collagen matrices have proven to be beneficial scaffolds for tissue regeneration. However, apart from small intestinal submucosa, they offer a limited mechanical strength even if crosslinking can enhance their mechanical properties. A more ...
Krymskaya Vera P - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial vascular smooth muscle (PAVSM) cell proliferation is a key pathophysiological component of vascular remodeling in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) for which cellular and molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. The goal of our study was to determine the role of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in PAVSM cell proliferation, ...
Paxton Camille W - - 2011
The BTB-Kelch protein Krp1 is highly and specifically expressed in skeletal muscle, where it is proposed to have a role in myofibril formation. We observed significant upregulation of Krp1 in C2 cells early in myoblast differentiation, well before myofibrillogenesis. Krp1 has a role in cytoskeletal organization and cell motility; since ...
Haaksma Carol J - - 2011
Mammary myoepithelial cells are specialized smooth musclelike epithelial cells that express the smooth muscle actin isoform: smooth muscle alpha-actin (ACTA2). These cells contract in response to oxytocin to generate the contractile force required for milk ejection during lactation. It is believed that ACTA2 contributes to myoepithelial contractile force generation; however, ...
Abel Marcus P - - 2011
Recently, numerous innovative approaches have attempted to overcome the shortcomings of standard tissue culturing by providing custom-tailored substrates with superior features. In particular, tunable surface chemistry and topographical micro- and nanostructuring have been highlighted as potent effectors to control cell behavior. Apart from tissue engineering and the development of biosensors ...
Feuerborn A - - 2011
The Forkhead family of transcription factors comprises numerous members and is implicated in various cellular functions, including cell growth, apoptosis, migration, and differentiation. In this study, we identified the Forkhead factor FoxQ1 as increased in expression during TGF-β1 induced changes in epithelial differentiation, suggesting functional roles of FoxQ1 for epithelial ...
Ye Yu - - 2011
We have developed a simple and scalable graphene patterning method using electron-beam or ultraviolet lithography followed by a lift-off process. This method, with the merits of: high pattern resolution and high alignment accuracy, being free from additional etching or harsh processes, being universal to arbitrary substrates, and being compatible to ...
Pan Rong-Hua - - 2011
Salvianolic acid B (Sal B) is the most abundant bioactive molecule from Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, and has recently been used for treating renal fibrosis in traditional Chinese medicine. Here we investigated the ability reversal of Sal B to reverse the transdifferentiation of human kidney proximal tubular epithelial cells that was ...
Klarlund Jes K - - 2011
One of the primary functions of any epithelium is to act as a barrier. To maintain integrity, epithelia migrate rapidly to cover wounds, and there is intense interest in understanding how wounds are detected. Numerous soluble factors are present in the wound environment and epithelia can sense the presence of ...
Lees Justin G - - 2011
Cell migration and invasion requires the precise temporal and spatial orchestration of a variety of biological processes. Filaments of polymerized actin are critical players in these diverse processes, including the regulation of cell anchorage points (both cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix), the uptake and delivery of molecules via endocytic pathways and ...
Lau Wei Ling WL Department of Nephrology, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2011
Elevated serum phosphate has clinically been associated with vascular stiffness and cardiovascular mortality. Mechanistic studies over the past decade regarding local effects of phosphate on the vessel wall have provided insight into various pathways that culminate in vascular calcification. Smooth muscle cell phenotype change and apoptosis play prominent roles. The ...
Stenson John D - - 2011
The intrinsic cell wall mechanical properties of Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cells were determined. Force-deformation data from compression of individual cells up to failure were recorded, and these data were fitted by an analytical model to extract the elastic modulus of the cell wall and the initial stretch ratio of ...
Takaguri Akira A Cardiovascular Research Center, Temple University School of Medicine, 3500 N Broad St, Philadelphia, PA 19140, - - 2011
The requirement of a metalloprotease, a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) for the growth of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells has been demonstrated in vitro. However, whether this metalloprotease is responsible for vascular remodeling in vivo remains unanswered. Rat carotid arteries were analyzed 2 weeks after a balloon angioplasty. The ...
Huang Dong - - 2011
Examine the feasibility of whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from the cardiac ventricular slices of newborn (P(3)-P(7)) Sprague-Dawley rats to identify a better substitute for single cardiac myocytes prepared using enzymatic treatment. High resistance seals (>1 GΏ) were obtained from cardiac ventricle tissues prepared without using enzymatic treatment. Thereafter, cell-attached and whole-cell patch-clamp ...
Avitabile Daniele - - 2011
The efficacy of cardiac repair by stem cell administration relies on a successful functional integration of injected cells into the host myocardium. Safety concerns have been raised about the possibility that stem cells may induce foci of arrhythmia in the ischemic myocardium. We have previously shown that human cord blood ...
Xu Xiao-Le - - 2011
2,3,4',5-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-0-beta-D-glucoside (TSG) has been found to have an anti-atherosclerotic effect. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation contributes to the pathobiology of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TSG on platelet derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB induced VSMCs proliferation and to explore the molecular mechanisms of ...
Tsukahara Tamotsu - - 2011
In this report, we sought to elucidate whether multiwall carbon nanotubes are involved in the modulation of the proliferation and differentiation of the skeletal muscle cell line C2C12. Skeletal muscle is a major mass peripheral tissue that accounts for 40% of total body weight and 50% of energy consumption. We ...
Bohnert K Adam KA Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2011
Cytokinesis represents the final stage in the cell cycle, in which two daughter cells, each with their complement of the duplicated genome, physically separate. At the core of this process sits highly conserved machinery responsible for specifying the plane of division, building a contractile apparatus and ultimately cleaving cells in ...
Daquinag Alexes C - - 2011
Development of obesity is characterized by hypertrophy and hyperplasia of adipocytes in white adipose tissue (WAT). This process relies on concomitant angiogenesis. Results from experimental inhibition or depletion of cells comprising the vasculature in animal models have contributed to the understanding of the mechanisms governing expansion of WAT. Disruption of ...
Sun Wei - - 2011
Nucleic acid aptamers, generated by an in vitro selection procedure named SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment), have been popularly used in various biomedical implementations so far. An adaptation of the conventional SELEX practice to whole living cells was referred to as cell-SELEX, which is very promising in ...
Vacharathit Voranaddha V Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States. - - 2011
Many cell-based therapies aim to transplant functional cells to revascularize damaged tissues and ischemic areas. However, conventional cell therapy is not optimally efficient: massive cell death, damage, and non-localization of cells both spatially and temporally all likely contribute to poor tissue functionality. An alginate cell depot system has been proposed ...
Libani Ilaria V - - 2011
PURPOSE: We propose herein labeling protocols for multimodal in vivo visualization of human skeletal muscle cells (HSkMCs) by MRI and BLI to investigate the survival, localization, and proliferation/differentiation of these cells in cell-mediated therapy. PROCEDURES: HSkMCs were labeled with different quantities of Endorem® and transfection agents or infected with lentiviral ...
Chen Qing Jiang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that different degrees of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) maldevelop in anorectal malformations (ARMs); yet the development of satellite cells, the myogenic stem cells responsible for muscle growth, repair, and maintenance remains elusive during the embryogenesis of PFM. Striated muscle complex (SMC) is one of the ...
Kajala Kaisa - - 2011
Every day almost one billion people suffer from chronic hunger, and the situation is expected to deteriorate with a projected population growth to 9 billion worldwide by 2050. In order to provide adequate nutrition into the future, rice yields in Asia need to increase by 60%, a change that may ...
Abe R - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet, with a high content of olive oil, is associated with a reduced risk of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oleuropein, one of the polyphenols in olive oil, on vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation in vitro. DESIGN: ...
Edemir Bayram - - 2011
The kidneys participate in whole-body homeostasis, regulating acid-base balance, electrolyte concentrations, extracellular fluid volume, and regulation of blood pressure. Many of the kidney's functions are accomplished by relatively simple mechanisms of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion, which take place in the nephron. The kidneys generate 140-180 l of primary urine per day, ...
Zhu Guangming - - 2011
Filamin (FLN) plays an important role in differentiation, migration, and signal transduction in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We hypothesized that suppression of FLN expression would inhibit differentiation and migration of VSMCs, and interrupt the phenotype switch of these cells. We designed and tested different shRNA sequences to silence FLN ...
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