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Ko Ji-Ae - - 2009
Interactions between epithelial cells and fibroblasts play important roles in tissue homeostasis. With the use of a coculture system in which human corneal fibroblasts and epithelial cells are cultured on opposite sides of a collagen (vitrigel) membrane, we have examined the effects of epithelial cells on expression of the adherens-junction ...
Wang Hua - - 2009
Importin13 (IPO13), the newest member of importin-beta family discovered recently, is a unique nucleus-cytoplasm bidirectional transport receptor protein. In this study, IPO13 expression in human corneal tissue, limbal epithelial primary explant and clonal culture was evaluated by immunostaining and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reasgon. IPO13 function was evaluated in the corneal ...
Deters Alexandra - - 2010
AIMS: Aqueous extracts from the roots of Althea officinalis L. (Malvaceae) are widely used for treatment of irritated mucosa. The clinical proven effects are related to the presence of bioadhesive and mucilaginous polysaccharides from the rhamnogalacturonan type, leading to the physical formation of mucin-like on top of the irritated tissues. ...
Yamada Takahiro - - 2010
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3), a member of the calcium-permeable thermosensitive TRP (thermoTRP) subfamily of receptors, is an important cutaneous sensor that detects thermal and chemical stimuli. TRPV3 is activated by innocuous warm temperature stimuli (>33 degrees C) and a variety of physiologically active substances. While the corneal epithelium ...
Campana Matteo - - 2010
We present a strategy for automatic classification and density estimation of epithelial enveloping layer (EVL) and deep layer (DEL) cells, throughout zebrafish early embryonic stages. Automatic cells classification provides the bases to measure the variability of relevant parameters, such as cells density, in different classes of cells and is finalized ...
Guentsch A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of serum on the interaction of periodontal pathogens with epithelial cells using an epithelial cell line (KB cells). This is important because serum is a key component of gingival crevicular fluid and may influence inflammatory responses in ...
Lee Hyun Sil - - 2009
The pathogenesis of nasal polyps in chronic rhinosinusitis is poorly understood. These studies seek to implicate a functional role for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in perpetuating primary nasal epithelial cell overgrowth, a key feature of hyperplastic polyps. Comparison of VEGF and receptor expression was assessed by ELISA of nasal ...
Wong C K - - 2010
Basophils are the accessory cell type for T-helper (Th)2 induction and initiators in immunoglobulin E-mediated chronic allergic inflammation. Basophils and Th17 cells accumulate at the inflammatory sites, such as the airways of allergic asthmatic patients. We investigated the activation of interleukin (IL)-17A on the primary human basophils/KU812 basophilic cells and ...
Heijink I H - - 2010
Research on epithelial cell lines and primary epithelium is required to dissect the mechanisms underlying the structural abnormalities in airway epithelium observed for respiratory diseases, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The novel electric cell-substrate impedance sensing technique was used to monitor cell adhesion/spreading, barrier function and wound healing. ...
Tsuji Takanori - - 2009
The role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in metastasis remains controversial. EMT has been postulated as an absolute requirement for tumor invasion and metastasis. Three different models including incomplete EMT, mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET), and collective migration have been proposed for the role of EMT in cancer invasion and metastasis. However, skepticism ...
Rivera Charlene - - 2009
Cell polarity and adhesion are thought to be key determinants in organismal development. In Drosophila, discs large (dlg) has emerged as an important regulator of epithelial cell proliferation, adhesion, and polarity. Herein, we investigated the role of the mouse homolog of dlg (Dlg-1) in the development of the mouse ocular ...
Oslund Karen L - - 2009
The authors investigated the importance of the neuropeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), in epithelial injury, repair, and neutrophil emigration after ozone exposure. Wistar rats were administered either a CGRP-receptor antagonist (CGRP(8-37)) or saline and exposed to 8 hours of 1-ppm ozone or filtered air with an 8-hour postexposure period. Immediately ...
Notara Maria M Cells for Sight Transplantation and Research Programme, Ocular Repair and Regeneration Biology Unit, Institute of Ophthalmology, 11-43 Bath Street, London, EC1V 9EL, UK. - - 2010
In this study a spontaneously formed corneal epithelial cell line, namely HCE-S, was established and characterised. The cell line was karyotyped and corneal epithelial maker expression of the cell line was assessed by immunostaining and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The morphological characteristics were investigated using SEM and TEM analyses. The functional response ...
Guarino Marcello - - 2009
Fibrosis of epithelial parenchymal organs and end-stage organ failure represent the final common pathway of many chronic diseases and are a major determinant of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Fibrosis is a complex response initiated to protect the host from an injurious event; nevertheless, it leads to serious organ damage when ...
Cohen Orly - - 2009
T cell development in the thymus is controlled by thymic epithelial cells (TE). While it is accepted that TE interact with maturing T cells, the mechanisms by which they trigger 'death by neglect' of double-positive (DP) thymocytes are poorly understood. We and others have demonstrated a role for TE-derived glucocorticoids ...
González-Alva Patricia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Podoplanin, a mucin-type transmembrane glycoprotein, is specifically expressed by lymphatic but not blood vascular endothelial cells, and is also widely expressed in various specialized cell types throughout the body. Recent studies have demonstrated that it mediates a pathway leading to collective cell migration and invasion in vivo and in ...
Ke Yan - - 2009
IL-17+ T cells make up the majority of the infiltrating cells in the inflamed eye during the development of EAU. However, the role of IL-17 in ocular inflammation is poorly defined. Given that the primary target cells for IL-17 are parenchymal cells of the tissue, we investigated the in vitro ...
Joshi Sagar D - - 2010
Cell generated contractility is a major driver of morphogenesis during processes such as epithelial bending and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions. Previous studies of contraction in embryos have relied on developmentally programmed cell shape changes such as those that accompany ventral furrow formation in Drosophila, bottle cell formation in Xenopus, ingression in amniote ...
Yamamoto Tsuneyuki - - 2009
It is generally accepted that cementoblasts originate in the process of differentiation of the mesenchymal cells of the dental follicle. Recently, a different hypothesis for the origin of cementoblasts has been proposed. Hertwig's epithelial root sheath cells undergo the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation to differentiate into cementoblasts. To elucidate whether the epithelial-mesenchymal ...
Faisy Christophe - - 2010
Regular use of beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonists may enhance non-specific airway responsiveness and inflammation. In earlier experimental studies, we showed that prolonged in vitro fenoterol exposure induced airway sensitization via perturbed epithelial regulation of bronchoconstriction. The aim of the present work was to examine the involvement of inflammatory mediator genes and proinflammatory ...
Souza Rhonda F - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Reflux esophagitis is believed to be caused by the caustic effects of refluxed gastric acid on esophageal epithelial cells. However, caustic chemical injuries develop rapidly whereas esophagitis might not appear until weeks after the induction of reflux in animal models. We studied early histologic events in the ...
Lai Jui-Yang - - 2009
Biocompatible materials are of considerable interest in the development of cell/drug delivery carriers for therapeutic applications. This paper investigates the effects of the Bloom index of gelatin on its interaction with retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Following two days of culture of ARPE-19 cells with gelatin samples G75-100, G175, and ...
Venkatachalam Sankar - - 2009
By virtue of expressions of glial and neural surface markers and capability of neurotransmitter metabolism, amniotic epithelial cells are considered as candidate cell type for transplantation strategies to treat neurological disorders. Previously, we have reported neurotrophism exhibited by human amniotic epithelial cells when transplanted after spinal cord injury in bonnet ...
Yao Jin - - 2009
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is one of the important cataract risk factors. The migration of human lens epithelial cells (HLECs) plays a crucial role in the remodeling of lens capsule and cataract formation. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of UV-induced lens cell migration. We ...
St-Laurent Julie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a common habit in the general population, even in asthmatic patients. Bronchial epithelial cells are the first cellular elements exposed to environmental stimuli such as cigarette smoke. These cells produce a wide range of mediators involved in inflammation and remodeling processes. However, the effects of chronic smoke ...
Na Yi-Rang - - 2009
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 7 counteracts physiological epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, a process that is indicative of epithelial plasticity in developmental stages. Because epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and its reversed process mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) are also involved in cancer progression, we investigated whether BMP7 plays a role in WM-266-4 melanoma cell growth and metastasis. ...
Kuroishi Shigeki - - 2009
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is the process by which differentiated epithelial cells undergo a phenotypic transition to mesenchymal cells. This process may occur in certain fibrotic diseases that involve airway remodelling. However, few studies have directly proved the occurrence of EMT in primary cultures of airway epithelial cells. The aim of ...
Rost-Roszkowska M M - - 2010
Midgut epithelium in Filientomon takanawanum is composed of epithelial cells and single, sporadic regenerative cells. In 80% of analyzed specimens midgut epithelial cells, as fat body and gonads, are infected with rickettsia-like microorganism. In non-infected specimens young and completely differentiated epithelial cells are distinguished among epithelial cells. Characteristic for midgut ...
Huo Yanan - - 2009
EGF is an essential growth factor needed for epithelial cell proliferation and wound healing of the cornea, but the molecular mechanism is not understood. Although studies have shown that EGF in some non-phagocytic cells induces ROS generation, little is known about the role of ROS in corneal epithelial cells. Therefore, ...
Midlej V - - 2009
Tritrichomonas foetus is an extracellular parasite of the reproductive tract in cattle. To investigate the cytopathic effects of T. foetus in deeper parts of the reproductive tract, a bovine primary oviduct epithelial cell system (BOECs) was developed. Reproductive tracts were obtained from cows and the effect of co-incubating T. foetus ...
Byeseda Sarah E - - 2009
Wound healing and inflammation are both significantly reduced in mice that lack gammadelta T cells. Here, the role of epithelial intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in gammadelta T cell migration in corneal wound healing was assessed. Wild-type mice had an approximate fivefold increase in epithelial gammadelta T cells at 24 hours ...
Han Sun-Young - - 2009
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the acquisition of invasive potential are key events in tumor progression. We now show that CIIA, originally identified as an anti-apoptotic protein, induces the EMT and promotes cell migration and invasion. Ectopic expression of CIIA induced down-regulation of E-cadherin and claudin-1 as well as up-regulation of ...
Al Alam Denise - - 2010
Staphylococcus aureus is frequently isolated from lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Upon lung infection with S. aureus, airway epithelial cells (AEC) produce high levels of chemokines that enhance T-cell chemotaxis. Although the number of lymphocytes is increased in the airways and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with CF, ...
Zhang Liqun - - 2009
Dysfunction of CFTR in cystic fibrosis (CF) airway epithelium perturbs the normal regulation of ion transport, leading to a reduced volume of airway surface liquid (ASL), mucus dehydration, decreased mucus transport, and mucus plugging of the airways. CFTR is normally expressed in ciliated epithelial cells of the surface and submucosal ...
Yeh Lung-Kun - - 2009
Corneal wound healing is one of the major issues in ocular surface reconstruction and ocular surface diseases. Amniotic membrane (AM) transplantation is an excellent treatment modality to promote corneal wound healing and treat corneal diseases. It is interesting and valuable to search for another synthetic and biocompatible substitute for the ...
Shaham Ohad - - 2009
The developing ocular lens provides an excellent model system with which to study the intrinsic and extrinsic cues governing cell differentiation. Although the transcription factors Pax6 and Sox2 have been shown to be essential for lens induction, their later roles during lens fiber differentiation remain largely unknown. Using Cre/loxP mutagenesis, ...
Röschmann K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Group 1 allergens from grass pollen (e.g. Phl p 1, the major allergen of timothy grass Phleum pratense) cause IgE reactivity in about 95% of allergic subjects and exist in all grass species. The respiratory epithelium represents a first line of contact of the immune system with airborne allergens, ...
Hayashi Shusaku - - 2009
We examined the expression of aquaporin (AQP)-1 in monolayers of the rat gastric epithelial cell line RGM1 and investigated the roles AQP1 plays in the epithelial restitution during wound healing. A round wound of constant size was produced in the center of a confluent cell monolayer using a rotating silicon ...
Wang Jehng-Kang - - 2009
Matriptase, a transmembrane serine protease, is broadly expressed by, and crucial for the integrity of, the epithelium. Matriptase is synthesized as a zymogen and undergoes autoactivation to become an active protease that is immediately inhibited by, and forms complexes with, hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor (HAI-1). To investigate where matriptase ...
Dawes Lucy Jean - - 2009
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta can mediate fibrotic responses via Smad4-dependent and -independent signaling pathways. TGFbeta-induced transdifferentiation of lens epithelial cells to myofibroblasts and matrix contraction contribute to posterior capsule opacification (PCO) after cataract surgery. The primary objective of the study was to determine the importance of Smad4 in TGFbeta2-induced transdifferentiation, ...
Liu Yongqing - - 2009
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important in fibrotic responses, formation of cancer stem cells, and acquisition of a metastatic phenotype. Zeb1 represses epithelial specification genes to enforce epithelial-mesenchymal phenotypic boundaries during development, and it is one of several E-box-binding repressors whose overexpression triggers EMT. The purpose of this study was to ...
Ramachandran Anassuya - - 2009
Although activin is a major cytokine produced by the ovary, its role in epithelial ovarian cancer is poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate a novel role for activin as a growth inhibitor of some (8/16) epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines. Unresponsive cell lines displayed transcriptional downregulation of the activin receptors ACTRIIA ...
di Bari M G - - 2009
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process occurring during both embryogenesis and early stages of invasive cancer. Epithelial cells that undergo EMT become more migratory and invasive with a mesenchymal morphology. Herein we assess EMT induction in a mouse mammary epithelial cell line driven by Msx2, a homeobox-containing transcription factor important ...
Grande María T - - 2009
Obstructive nephropathy is a major cause of renal failure, particularly in newborn babies and children. After urinary tract obstruction, and under the influence of mechanical forces and cytokines produced by tubular cells and cells that have infiltrated the interstitium, resident fibroblasts undergo activation and myofibroblasts are generated from bone-marrow-derived cells, ...
Winpenny John P - - 2009
The CLCA proteins were first shown to exist in bovine trachea and named as chloride channels calcium activated (CLCA) due to the calcium-dependent chloride conductance that appeared to be activated on expression of these proteins in trachea and other secretory epithelial cells. Since their initial discovery the CLCA gene family ...
Yu Mei - - 2009
CONCLUSION: The higher level of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression in cases of chronic sinusitis with bronchial asthma or allergic rhinitis suggests that glucocorticoids may exert a greater influence on eosinophils, thereby making them more effective in the treatment of polyps or chronic sinusitis. OBJECTIVES: The GR immunoreactivity of eosinophils in ...
Janeckova Hana - - 2009
Malignant cells appear to possess a special aptitude for survival. We attempted to prove this in vitro by acute nutritional and energy deprivation as a survival threat. A phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) survival test in cell culture allowed static observations. These were supplemented by classic and quantitative phase-contrast time-lapse microscopy. From ...
Kalluri Raghu - - 2009
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is critical for appropriate embryonic development, and this process is re-engaged in adults during wound healing, tissue regeneration, organ fibrosis, and cancer progression. Inflammation is a crucial conspirator in the emergence of EMT in adults but is absent during embryonic development. As highlighted in this Review series, ...
Kalluri Raghu - - 2009
The origins of the mesenchymal cells participating in tissue repair and pathological processes, notably tissue fibrosis, tumor invasiveness, and metastasis, are poorly understood. However, emerging evidence suggests that epithelial-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs) represent one important source of these cells. As we discuss here, processes similar to the EMTs associated with embryo ...
Acloque Hervé - - 2009
The events that convert adherent epithelial cells into individual migratory cells that can invade the extracellular matrix are known collectively as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Throughout evolution, the capacity of cells to switch between these two cellular states has been fundamental in the generation of complex body patterns. Here, we review ...
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