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Results 501 - 550 of 2627
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Tan Xiahui - - 2010
Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1)-mediated epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) may contribute to lung fibrosis. Since PPAR gamma ligands have been shown to inhibit fibroblast activation by TGF-beta1, we assessed the ability of the thiazolidinediones rosiglitazone (RGZ) and ciglitazone (CGZ) to regulate TGF-beta1-mediated EMT of A549 ...
Gross Claire A - - 2010
Airway epithelial cells are critical in host defense against bacteria including Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. beta2-agonists are mainstay of COPD and asthma therapy, but whether beta2-agonists directly affect airway epithelial host defense functions is unclear. Epithelial cells from bronchial brushings of normal (n ...
Stockholm Daniel - - 2010
In culture, isogenic mammalian cells typically display enduring phenotypic heterogeneity that arises from fluctuations of gene expression and other intracellular processes. This diversity is not just simple noise but has biological relevance by generating plasticity. Noise driven plasticity was suggested to be a stem cell-specific feature. Here we show that ...
Nicholls David G - - 2010
The ability to measure cellular metabolism and understand mitochondrial dysfunction, has enabled scientists worldwide to advance their research in understanding the role of mitochondrial function in obesity, diabetes, aging, cancer, cardiovascular function and safety toxicity. Cellular metabolism is the process of substrate uptake, such as oxygen, glucose, fatty acids, and ...
Kulkarni Bina B - - 2010
The Limbal epithelial crypt (LEC) is a solid cord of cells, approximately 120 microns long. It arises from the undersurface of interpalisade rete ridges of the limbal palisades of Vogt and extends deeper into the limbal stroma parallel or perpendicular to the palisade. There are up to 6 or 7 ...
Bratt Jennifer M - - 2010
The function of the airway nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and the lung cell types responsible for its production are not fully understood. We hypothesized that NO homeostasis in the airway is important to control inflammation, which requires upregulation, of NOS2 protein expression by an NOS3-dependent mechanism. Mice from a ...
Chen Bo - - 2010
Identification of stem cells from a corneal epithelial cell population by specific molecular markers has been investigated previously. Expressions of P63, ABCG2 and K14/K5 have all been linked to mammalian corneal epithelial stem cells. Here we report on the limitations of K14/K5 as a limbal stem cell marker. K14/K5 expression ...
Netherton Stuart J - - 2010
Epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) is a fundamental cellular process that is critical for normal development and tumor metastasis. The transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) is a potent inducer of EMT like effects, but the mechanisms that regulate TGFβ-induced EMT remain incompletely understood. Using the widely employed NMuMG mammary epithelial cells as a ...
Gravano David M - - 2010
Cellular interactions between thymocytes and thymic stromal cells are critical for normal T cell development. Thymic epithelial cells (TECs) are important stromal niche cells that provide essential growth factors, cytokines, and present self-antigens to developing thymocytes. The identification of genes that mediate cellular crosstalk in the thymus is ongoing. One ...
Wang Mingxuan - - 2010
Carvedilol is a non-selective β-blocker indicated in the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. Although the differential pharmacological effects of individual Carvedilol enantiomer is supported by preceding studies, the cellular response to each enantiomer is not well understood. Here we report the use of GC-MS metabolomic profiling to study the ...
Tamiya Shigeo - - 2010
PURPOSE: Molecular mechanisms that initiate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) involved in ocular fibrotic complications remain elusive. Studies were conducted to examine the role of cell-cell contact in regulating EMT and proliferation of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS: Porcine RPE cells were isolated as sheets and cultured in vitro on lens ...
Simet Samantha M - - 2010
Exposure to cigarette smoke is associated with airway epithelial mucus cell hyperplasia and a decrease in cilia and ciliated cells. Few models have addressed the long-term effects of chronic cigarette smoke exposure on ciliated epithelial cells. Our previous in vitro studies showed that cigarette smoke decreases ciliary beat frequency (CBF) ...
Samara Katerina D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Instability of the Microsatellite DNA Instability (MSI) and Loss of Heterozygosity (LOH) have been previously detected in sputum cells of COPD patients. However, the particular cell subpopulation exhibiting genetic instability in COPD was uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine which cell type expresses Microsatellite DNA Instability ...
Feres Kimberly J - - 2010
The receptor tyrosine kinase known as RON appears to play a role in the progression of human carcinomas, and is associated with a poor patient prognosis. Our current study demonstrates that RON expression in MCF-10A breast epithelial cells lead to an alteration of cell-surface hyaluronan compared to the parental cells. ...
West-Mays Judith A - - 2010
Over the last two decades much progress has been made in identifying and characterizing many of the molecules involved in understanding normal lens biology and its pathology. Much of this has been made possible through the establishment and use of the lens epithelial explant system. This simplistic tissue culture model, ...
Chen Peter - - 2009
In response to injury, epithelial cells migrate across the denuded tissue to rapidly close the wound and restore barrier, thereby preventing the entry of pathogens and leakage of fluids. Efficient, proper migration requires a range of processes, acting both inside and out of the cell. Among the extracellular responses is ...
Ng Dominic C H - - 2010
STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) 3 is a key contributor to cancer cell migration and invasion, with excessive STAT3 activity promoting growth arrest, cell-cell dissociation and increased migration of breast cancer epithelial cells. The STAT3-regulated mechanisms involved in this process, however, are not fully defined. Previously, we had ...
Uchiyama Kazuhiko - - 2010
Carbon monoxide (CO) has been reported to ameliorate colonic inflammation and improve experimental colitis. It is well known that mucosal restitution is important to improve colitis as well as reduction of mucosal inflammation. However, it has not been clear whether CO effects to colonic mucosal restitution or not. In general, ...
Sukarawan Waleerat - - 2010
Odontogenic tumors originate from the remains of migrating enamel epithelium after the completion of normal tooth genesis. These enamel epithelium remnants exhibit the ability to recapitulate the events that occur during tooth formation. Several lines of evidence suggest that aberrance in the signaling pathways similar to the ones that are ...
Humphreys Benjamin D - - 2010
Understanding the origin of myofibroblasts in kidney is of great interest because these cells are responsible for scar formation in fibrotic kidney disease. Recent studies suggest epithelial cells are an important source of myofibroblasts through a process described as the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition; however, confirmatory studies in vivo are lacking. To ...
Roig Andres I - - 2010
Long-term propagation of human colonic epithelial cells (HCEC) of adult origin has been a challenge; currently used HCEC lines are of malignant origin and/or contain multiple cytogenetic changes. We sought to immortalize human colon biopsy-derived cells expressing stem cell markers and retaining multilineage epithelial differentiation capability. We isolated and cultured ...
Kang Mi-Sun - - 2009
Interactions between periodontal bacteria and human oral epithelial cells can lead to the activation and expression of a variety of inflammatory mediators in epithelial cells. Fusobacterium nucleatum is a filamentous human pathogen that is strongly associated with periodontal diseases. This study examined the effects of methyl gallate (MG) and gallic ...
Shin Seung-Heon - - 2009
Respiratory epithelial cells are the first site of interaction of allergens with the immune system. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of epithelial cells, which were stimulated with house dust mite (HDM) extracts, on the immune response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Primary nasal polyp ...
Macdonald E C A - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The cornea is a highly cellular structure that exists in a dynamic state of cell loss, renewal and replacement. The limbus contains corneal epithelial stem cells. The progenitor or stem cell of the keratocyte remains poorly defined. The authors sought to investigate the in vivo movement of corneal stromal ...
Thiery Jean Paul - - 2009
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays crucial roles in the formation of the body plan and in the differentiation of multiple tissues and organs. EMT also contributes to tissue repair, but it can adversely cause organ fibrosis and promote carcinoma progression through a variety of mechanisms. EMT endows cells ...
Hader C - - 2010
Overexpression of the forkhead family transcription factor Foxc2 has been shown to activate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and correlate with tumor metastasis. In this study, we show that both mRNA and protein levels of Foxc2 increase 1 day after kidney ischemia/reperfusion in sublethally injured tubular cells and that the protein is ...
Ou Jingxing - - 2010
PURPOSE: PAX6 heterozygosity (PAX6(+/-)) causes aniridia and aniridia-related keratopathy (ARK) in humans, but the pathway from gene dosage deficiency to clinical disease has not been fully characterized. Recently, the authors suggested a model of a chronic wound state exacerbated by oxidative stress, showed the barrier function of Pax6(+/-) corneas is ...
Zhu Weidong - - 2010
The fungus, Candida albicans, interacts with epithelial cells in the human host both as a normal commensal and as an invasive pathogen. It has evolved multiple complementary mechanisms to adhere to epithelial cells. Adherent C. albicans cells can invade epithelial surfaces both by penetrating into individual epithelial cells, and by ...
Schwab Ute E - - 2010
We describe a method for creating differentiated equine bronchial epithelial cell cultures that can be used for in vitro studies including airway disease mechanisms and pathogen-host interactions. Our method is based on the culturing of human tracheobronchial epithelial cells at an air-liquid interface (ALI) in specific serum-free, hormone-supplemented medium. Bronchial ...
Del M?naco Silvana M - - 2009
Cell migration/proliferation processes associated with wound healing were measured in BeWo cells at 6 h, when mitosis is still scarce. Cells were cultured in medium with 1% fetal bovine serum to minimize proliferation. BeWo cell migration covered 20.6 +/- 7.0%, 38.0 +/- 5.4%, 16.6 +/- 4.8% and 13.7 +/- 3.6% ...
Patel Vimal A - - 2010
During apoptosis, cells acquire new activities that enable them to modulate the fate and function of interacting phagocytes, particularly macrophages (m). Although the best known of these activities is anti-inflammatory, apoptotic targets also influence m survival and proliferation by modulating proximal signaling events, such as MAPK modules and Akt. We ...
Yamanouchi Hiromi - - 2010
The mouse oviductal epithelium is a simple monolayer until Postnatal Day 7 and subsequently consists of differentiated secretory cells and ciliated cells. In adult oviduct, the two types of epithelial cells are unevenly distributed; ciliated cells are dominant in the ampulla and secretory cells are dominant in the isthmus. Recombinants ...
Fang Li-Ping - - 2010
We previously reported that the endogenous cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE)/hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) pathway is implicated in the pathogenesis of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats, but the exact cellular mechanisms are not well characterized. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), induced by transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) in alveolar epithelial cells, plays an important role ...
Shimonishi M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: MMP-2 can degrade type IV collagen and MMP-14 can activate pro MMP-2. The present study was undertaken to examine the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-14 with respect to interaction between the cells of the epithelial rests of Malassez and fibroblasts from human periodontal ligament. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Huang Chi-Yen - - 2009
We demonstrate a dual-operation-mode liquid crystal (LC) lens, which is fabricated with the silica nanoparticle-doped (SND) hybrid-aligned nematic (HAN) LC cell. With AC voltage, the cell behaves as a conventional LC lens. The response time of the SND HAN LC lens is faster than that of the conventional LC lens, ...
Mathes Rachel L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To establish a reproducible method for the culture of primary equine corneal epithelial cells, keratocytes, and endothelial cells and to describe each cell's morphologic characteristics, immunocytochemical staining properties and conditions required for cryopreservation. PROCEDURES: Corneas from eight horses recently euthanized for reasons unrelated to this study were collected aseptically ...
He Yu-Guang - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the function of platelet-activating factor (PAF) in cultured retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) and choroidal endothelial (CE) cells. METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo expression of PAF-receptors (PAF-R) on both these cells was determined. The production of PAF by RPE cells was also determined. The effect of ...
Coppe Carolyn - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to characterize dental pulp cells from human primary teeth and determine their ability to induce differentiation of oral epithelial cells. METHODS: Dental pulp cells were isolated from freshly extracted primary incisors, digested with 4 mg/ml collogenase/dispase, and grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium with 10 ...
Huh Man-I L - - 2009
The present study analyzed the temporal and spatial expression of TGF-beta isoforms and activated pSmad2 and p38MAPK during epithelial debridement wound repair, using chick cornea by immunohistochemistry. Normal corneas showed low-level TGF-betas staining. Following wounding, TGF-beta1 expression was strong in the Bowman's layer (BL). TGF-beta3 expression was confined to basal ...
Dalle Frederic - - 2010
The human pathogenic fungus Candida albicans can cause systemic infections by invading epithelial barriers to gain access to the bloodstream. One of the main reservoirs of C. albicans is the gastrointestinal tract and systemic infections predominantly originate from this niche. In this study, we used scanning electron and fluorescence microscopy, ...
Muthu Rama Krishnan M - - 2009
Quantitative evaluation of histopathological features is not only vital for precise characterization of any precancerous condition but also crucial in developing automated computer aided diagnostic system. In this study segmentation and classification of sub-epithelial connective tissue (SECT) cells except endothelial cells in oral mucosa of normal and OSF conditions has ...
Desai Vivek D - - 2010
Hyaluronan is an oligosaccharide found in the pericellular matrix of numerous cell types and hyaluronan-induced signaling is known to facilitate fibrosis and cancer progression in some tissues. Hyaluronan is also commonly instilled into the eye during cataract surgery to protect the corneal endothelium from damage. Despite this, little is known ...
Song N - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To explore the role of Oct3/4, Nanog and Sox2 in regeneration of rat tracheal epithelium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ex vivo model of rat tracheal epithelial regeneration using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was developed, to induce injury. Expression levels of Oct3/4, Nanog and Sox2 were examined using Western blot analysis, RT-PCR ...
Ohse Takamoto T Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-6521, - - 2009
Although the normal glomerulus comprises four resident cell types, least is known about the parietal epithelial cells (PECs). This comprehensive review addresses the cellular origin of PECs, discusses the normal structure and protein makeup of PECs, describes PEC function, and defines the responses to injury in disease and how these ...
Greiling Teri M S - - 2010
Even though zebrafish development does not include the formation of a lens vesicle, the authors' hypothesis is that the processes of cell differentiation are similar in zebrafish and mammals and determine cell fates in the lens. Two-photon live embryo imaging was used to follow individual fluorescently labeled cells in real-time ...
Sugiyama Yuki - - 2009
The organisation of individual cells into a functional three-dimensional tissue is still a major question in developmental biology. Modulation of epithelial cell shape is a critical driving force in forming tissues. This is well illustrated in the eye lens where epithelial cells elongate extensively during their differentiation into fibre cells. ...
Nilsson Harriet E - - 2010
Airway epithelial salt and water transport takes place through paracellular and transcellular pathways. This transport depends critically on the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), operating in concert with the paracellular pathway through the tight junctions (TJ). Normal (16HBE14o-), cystic fibrosis (CFBE41o-), and corrected ...
Arakawa Yuki - - 2009
Oral mucosal tissue can serve as a long-term fluoride reservoir following topical application and retain a small amount of fluoride in oral environment for prevention of dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of low level sodium fluoride (NaF) on the proliferation and migration of ...
García-Ceca Javier - - 2009
The role of EphB2 and EphB3 in the organization of thymic epithelial cells has been studied in EphB-deficient fetal thymus lobes grafted under the kidney capsule of WT mice. The deficient lobes, as compared with WT ones, showed altered distribution of medullary areas, shortening of medullary epithelial cell processes and ...
Deshpande Pallavi - - 2009
Our aim was to develop an improved cell transfer system for delivering laboratory-cultured human limbal epithelial cells to the cornea, which would be low risk for the patient and convenient to use for the surgeon. We took a standard contact lens and developed a plasma polymer layer for coating this ...
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