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Boczko Erik M - - 2010
Biologists have long observed periodic-like oxygen consumption oscillations in yeast populations under certain conditions, and several unsatisfactory explanations for this phenomenon have been proposed. These ‘autonomous oscillations’ have often appeared with periods that are nearly integer divisors of the calculated doubling time of the culture. We hypothesize that these oscillations ...
Morata Gines - - 2010
We have generated wing disc compartments that contain marked fast growing M+ clones surrounded by slow dividing M/+ cells. Under these conditions the interactions between fast and slow dividing cells at the clone borders frequently lead to cell competition. However, our assay suppressing apoptosis indicates that cell competition plays no ...
Tay SavaƟ - - 2010
Cells operate in dynamic environments using extraordinary communication capabilities that emerge from the interactions of genetic circuitry. The mammalian immune response is a striking example of the coordination of different cell types. Cell-to-cell communication is primarily mediated by signalling molecules that form spatiotemporal concentration gradients, requiring cells to respond to ...
Dokukina Irina V - - 2010
To function efficiently in the body, the biological cells must have the ability to sense the external environment. Mechanosensitivity toward the extracellular matrix was identified as one of the sensing mechanisms affecting cell behavior. It was shown experimentally that a fibroblast cell prefers locomoting over the stiffer substrate when given ...
Kim Min-Cheol - - 2010
To successfully perform biological experiments on bacteria in microfluidic devices, control of micron-scale cell motion in the chip-sized environment is essential. Here we describe a new method for simulating the motion of individual bacterial cells in a microfluidic device using a one-way coupling Lagrangian approach combined with rigid body theory. ...
Stamatakis Michail - - 2010
Several approaches have been used in the past to model heterogeneity in bacterial cell populations, with each approach focusing on different source(s) of heterogeneity. However, a holistic approach that integrates all the major sources into a comprehensive framework applicable to cell populations is still lacking. In this work we present ...
Roscini Luca - - 2010
Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectroscopy is an increasingly used technique in biology, especially for whole cell metabolomic fingerprint. The reproducibility of this technique is influenced by a large number of factors such as the physiological state of cells, sample manipulation and growth conditions. Evidence exists suggesting that the cell shape ...
Di Garbo A - - 2010
A nonlinear mathematical model is used to investigate the time evolution of the cell populations in colon crypts (stem, semidifferentiated and fully differentiated cells). To mimic pathological alteration of the biochemical pathways leading to abnormal proliferative activity of the population of semidifferentiated cells their renewal rate is assumed to be ...
Verma Piyush - - 2010
The controlled insertion of artificial nanostructures into biological cells has been utilized for patch clamping, targeted drug delivery, cell lysing, and cell mechanics measurements. In this work, an elastic continuum model is implemented to treat the deformation of spherical cells in solution due to their interaction with cylindrical probes. At ...
Li Minggan - - 2010
Emerging biomanufacturing processes involve incorporation of living cells into various processes and systems by employing different cell manipulation techniques. Among them, biodispensing, in which the cell suspension is extruded via a fine needle under pressurized air, is a promising technique because of its high efficiency. Cells in this process are ...
Van Liedekerke P - - 2010
This paper is concerned with addressing how biological cells react to mechanical impulse. We propose a particle based model to numerically study the mechanical response of these cells with subcellular detail. The model focuses on a plant cell in which two important features are present: (1) the cell's interior liquidlike ...
Melke Pontus - - 2010
Although bacteria are unicellular organisms, they have the ability to act in concert by synthesizing and detecting small diffusing autoinducer molecules. The phenomenon, known as quorum sensing, has mainly been proposed to serve as a means for cell-density measurement. Here, we use a cell-based model of growing bacterial microcolonies to ...
Schauer Kristine - - 2010
We developed a computational imaging approach that describes the three-dimensional spatial organization of endomembranes from micromanipulation-normalized mammalian cells with probabilistic density maps. Applied to several well-known marker proteins, this approach revealed the average steady-state organization of early endosomes, multivesicular bodies or lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum exit sites, the Golgi apparatus and ...
Sabart M - - 2010
With the aim of explaining the variations in microcystin (MC) concentrations during cyanobacterial blooms, we studied several Microcystis aeruginosa populations blooming in different freshwater ecosystems located in the same geographical area. As assessed by real-time PCR, it appeared that the potentially MC-producing cells (mcyB(+)) were predominant (70 to 100%) in ...
Turner C - - 2010
Under the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis, sustained metastatic growth requires the dissemination of a CSC from the primary tumour followed by its re-establishment in a secondary site. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a differentiation process crucial to normal development, has been implicated in conferring metastatic ability on carcinomas. Balancing these ...
Sakaguchi Hitoshi - - 2010
Regulatory policies in Europe prohibited the testing of cosmetic ingredients in animals for a number of toxicological endpoints. Currently no validated non-animal test methods exist for skin sensitization. Evaluation of changes in cell surface marker expression in dendritic cell (DC)-surrogate cell lines represents one non-animal approach. The human Cell Line ...
Xiong Yuguang - - 2010
Cell motility is important for many developmental and physiological processes. Motility arises from interactions between physical forces at the cell surface membrane and the biochemical reactions that control the actin cytoskeleton. To computationally analyze how these factors interact, we built a three-dimensional stochastic model of the experimentally observed isotropic spreading ...
Mather William - - 2010
Flows of cells growing as a quasimonolayer in a confined space can exhibit streaming, with narrow streams of fast-moving cells flowing around clusters of slowly moving cells. We observed and analyzed this phenomenon experimentally for E. coli bacteria proliferating in a microfluidic cell trap using time-lapse microscopy. We also performed ...
Kozlowski J - - 2010
We examined cell size correlations between tissues, and cell size to body mass relationships in passerine birds, amphibians and mammals. The size correlated highly between all cell types in birds and amphibians; mammalian tissues clustered by size correlation in three tissue groups. Erythrocyte size correlated well with the volume of ...
Fielding Suzanne M - - 2010
We study numerically shear banded flow in planar and curved Couette geometries. Our aim is to capture two recent observations in shear banding systems of roll cells stacked in the vorticity direction, associated with an undulation of the interface between the bands. Depending on the degree of cell curvature and ...
Hassan Ahmed M - - 2010
This study presents a model to simulate the electrophysiological activities of multiple Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) cells, the most studied breast cancer cell line. The intercellular spacing of MCF-7 cells is estimated using the effective diffusion coefficient. Nonuniform finite-difference discretization is implemented to accommodate for the contrast in size between ...
Basalus Mounir W Z - - 2010
AIMS: To assess the spatial geometry of drug-eluting stents (DES) following extremely oversized proximal postdilatation. Interventions of distal left main (LM) disease generally require stenting across the LM bifurcation with inherent vessel tapering along this segment and a high likelihood of stent malapposition, which can be avoided by such postdilations. ...
Smith Zachary D - - 2010
The study of induced pluripotency often relies on experimental approaches that average measurements across a large population of cells, the majority of which do not become pluripotent. Here we used high-resolution, time-lapse imaging to trace the reprogramming process over 2 weeks from single mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) to pluripotency factor-positive ...
Angelini Thomas E TE School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, - - 2010
Most eukaryotic cells sense and respond to the mechanical properties of their surroundings. This can strongly influence their collective behavior in embryonic development, tissue function, and wound healing. We use a deformable substrate to measure collective behavior in cell motion due to substrate mediated cell-cell interactions. We quantify spatial and ...
Arfsten Judith - - 2010
In the past years atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques have turned out to be a suitable and versatile tool for probing the physical properties of microbial cell surfaces. Besides interaction forces, nanomechanical properties can be obtained from force spectroscopic measurements. Analyzing the recorded force curves by applying appropriate models allows ...
Swain Robin J RJ Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2010
Researchers have previously questioned the suitability of cell lines as models for primary cells. In this study, we used Raman microspectroscopy to characterize live A549 cells from a unique molecular biochemical perspective to shed light on their suitability as a model for primary human pulmonary alveolar type II (ATII) cells. ...
Kazama Toshiya - - 2010
The size and shape of leaves are influenced by the progression of the cell cycle arrest front (AF). However, the AF progression with leaf growth has not been characterized quantitatively. Moreover, the mechanism linking AF progression and genetic factors is not fully understood. Recently, it was proposed that a KLUH/CYP78A5 ...
Bousis C - - 2010
A hybrid Monte Carlo transport scheme combining event-by-event and condensed-history simulation with a full account of energy-loss straggling was used to study the dosimetric characteristics of the Auger-emitting radionuclides 67Ga, 99mTc, 111In, 123I, 125I and 201Tl at the single-cell level. The influence of the intracellular localization of the Auger radionuclide ...
Kim Pan-Jun - - 2010
Genetically identical cells under the same environmental conditions can show strong variations in protein copy numbers due to inherently stochastic events in individual cells. We here develop a theoretical framework to address how variations in enzyme abundance affect the collective kinetics of metabolic reactions observed within a population of cells. ...
Bloomfield J M - - 2010
Mosaic tissues are composed of two or more genetically distinct cell types. They occur naturally, and are also a useful experimental method for exploring tissue growth and maintenance. By marking the different cell types, one can study the patterns formed by proliferation, renewal and migration. Here, we present mathematical modelling ...
Cencic Avrelija - - 2010
Animal experimentation has a long tradition for risk assessment of new drugs before they reach the clinic. To reduce expensive animal experimentation, attempts have been made to build inexpensive and convenient intestinal functional cell models to study toxicity and bioavailability of new substances along with providing relevant models to study ...
Calmelet Colette - - 2010
In this paper we discuss a model of zebrafish embryo notochord development based on the effect of surface tension of cells at the boundaries. We study the process of interaction of mesodermal cells at the boundaries due to adhesion and cortical tension, resulting in cellular intercalation. From in vivo experiments, ...
Liang Shufang - - 2010
Honokiol (HNK), a natural small molecular product, inhibited proliferation of HepG2 cells and exhibited anti-tumor activity in nude mice. In this article, we applied a novel sensitive stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture-based quantitative proteomic method and a model of nude mice to investigate the correlation between ...
Brown M Rowan MR School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom. - - 2010
We present a new approach to the handling and interrogating of large flow cytometry data where cell status and function can be described, at the population level, by global descriptors such as distribution mean or co-efficient of variation experimental data. Here we link the "real" data to initialise a computer ...
Jabbari Sara - - 2011
Bacillus subtilis cells may opt to forgo normal cell division and instead form spores if subjected to certain environmental stimuli, for example nutrient deficiency or extreme temperature. The resulting spores are extremely resilient and can survive for extensive periods of time, importantly under particularly harsh conditions such as those mentioned ...
Li Bo - - 2010
Experimental investigations of cell size control in fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe have illustrated that the cell cycle features 'sizer' and 'timer' phases which are distinguished by a growth rate changing point. Based on current biological knowledge of fission yeast size control, we propose here a model of ordinary differential equations ...
Roy Sitikantha - - 2010
Cell locomotion is a result of a series of synchronized chemo-mechanical processes. Previous extensive experimental studies have revealed many chemo-mechanical processes that may contribute to cell locomotion. In parallel, theoretical works have been developed to provide deeper insight. To date, however, direct simulations of cell locomotion on a substrate have ...
Ma Yanping - - 2010
Our research focused on the polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) tethering to the vascular endothelial cells (EC) and the subsequent melanoma cell emboli formation in a shear flow, an important process of tumor cell extravasation from the circulation during metastasis. We applied population balance model based on Smoluchowski coagulation equation to study ...
Zeiger Lisa - - 2010
The potential of facultative photosynthetic bacteria as producers of photosynthetic pigments, vitamins, coenzymes and other valuable products has been recognized for decades. However, mass cultivation under photosynthetic conditions is generally inefficient due to the inevitable limitation of light supply when cell densities become very high. The previous development of a ...
Nadell Carey D - - 2010
On its own, a single cell cannot exert more than a microscopic influence on its immediate surroundings. However, via strength in numbers and the expression of cooperative phenotypes, such cells can enormously impact their environments. Simple cooperative phenotypes appear to abound in the microbial world, but explaining their evolution is ...
Uriu Koichiro - - 2010
In vertebrate somitogenesis, the expression of segmentation clock genes oscillates and the oscillation is synchronized over nearby cells. Both experimental and theoretical studies have shown that the synchronization among cells is realized by intercellular interaction via Delta-Notch signaling. However, the following questions emerge: (i) During somitogenesis, dynamic rearrangement of relative ...
Slomka Noa - - 2010
This study introduces a new confocal microscopy-based three-dimensional cell-specific finite element (FE) modeling methodology for simulating cellular mechanics experiments involving large cell deformations. Three-dimensional FE models of undifferentiated skeletal muscle cells were developed by scanning C2C12 myoblasts using a confocal microscope, and then building FE model geometries from the z-stack ...
Dunlop Mary J - - 2010
Cells use feedback to implement a diverse range of regulatory functions. Building synthetic feedback control systems may yield insight into the roles that feedback can play in regulation since it can be introduced independently of native regulation, and alternative control architectures can be compared. We propose a model for microbial ...
Zhou E H - - 2010
Accurate quantification of the mechanical properties of living cells requires the combined use of experimental techniques and theoretical models. In this paper, we investigate the viscoelastic response of suspended NIH 3T3 fibroblasts undergoing micropipette aspiration using power-law rheology model. As an important first step, we examine the pipette size effect ...
Gandolfi Alberto - - 2011
We propose a model with age and space structure for the evolution of the supra-basal epidermis. The model includes different types of cells: proliferating cells, differentiated cells, corneous cells, and apoptotic cells. We assume that all cells move with the same velocity and that the local volume fraction, occupied by ...
Shirazi-Adl A - - 2010
Responsible for making and maintaining the extracellular matrix, the cells of intervertebral discs are supplied with essential nutrients by diffusion from the blood supply through mainly the cartilaginous endplates (CEPs) and disc tissue. Decrease in transport rate and increase in cellular activity may adversely disturb the intricate supply-demand balance leading ...
Park Chan Young CY Dept. of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Cell mechanical properties on a whole cell basis have been widely studied, whereas local intracellular variations have been less well characterized and are poorly understood. To fill this gap, here we provide detailed intracellular maps of regional cytoskeleton (CSK) stiffness, loss tangent, and rate of structural rearrangements, as well as ...
Cairo Christopher W CW Department of Chemistry and Alberta Ingenuity Centre for Carbohydrate Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G2, Canada. - - 2010
The leukocyte common antigen, CD45, is a critical immune regulator whose activity is modulated by cytoskeletal interactions. Components of the spectrin-ankyrin cytoskeleton have been implicated in the trafficking and signaling of CD45. We have examined the lateral mobility of CD45 in resting and activated T lymphocytes using single-particle tracking and ...
Lesman Ayelet - - 2010
Novel tissue-culture bioreactors employ flow-induced shear stress as a means of mechanical stimulation of cells. We developed a computational fluid dynamics model of the complex three-dimensional (3D) microstructure of a porous scaffold incubated in a direct perfusion bioreactor. Our model was designed to predict high shear-stress values within the physiological ...
Xu Mingen - - 2010
One of the major obstacles in drug discovery is the lack of in vitro three-dimensional (3D) models that can capture more complex features of a disease.Here we established a in vitro physiological model of the metabolic syndrome (MS) using cell-assembly technique (CAT), which can assemble cells into designated places to ...
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