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Bergner Benjamin J - - 2014
Non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries are an intensively studied future energy storage technology due to their high theoretical energy density. However, a number of barriers prevent a practical application, and one of the major challenges is the reduction of the high charge overpotential: Whereas lithium peroxide (Li2O2) is formed during discharge at ...
Misra Chitra Seetharam CS Molecular Biology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400085, - - 2014
Bioremediation is an attractive option for the treatment of radioactive waste. We provide a proof of principle for augmentation of uranium bioprecipitation using the radiation inducible promoter, Pssb from Deinococcus radiodurans. Recombinant cells of D. radiodurans carrying acid phosphatase gene, phoN under the regulation of Pssb when exposed to 7 ...
De Mello Walmor C WC School of Medicine, Medical Sciences Campus, UPR, San Juan, PR 00936, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The influence of high glucose solution on the chemical communication between cardiac cells was investigated in cell pairs isolated from the left ventricle of adult Wistar Kyoto rats. For this, Lucifer Yellow CH was dialyzed into one cell of the pair using the whole cell clamp technique, and the diffusion ...
Wieneke Ralph - - 2014
The selective and fast labeling of proteins in living cells is a major challenge. Live-cell labeling techniques require a high specificity, high labeling density, and cell permeability of the tagging molecule to target the protein of interest. Here, we report on the site-specific, rapid and efficient labeling of endogenous and ...
Ocakoglu Kasim K Advanced Technology Research & Application Center, Mersin University, Ciftlikkoy Campus , Mersin , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract The biological potential of a synthetic copper chlorophyll derivative was investigated via in vivo and in vitro experiments. The Cu-chlorophyll derivative photosensitizer (Cu-PH-A) was labeled with (131)I with high efficiency (92.9 ± 4.2%) using the iodogen method. Cell culture studies were performed with the MCF-7 and MDAH-2774 cell lines after radiolabeling. ...
Frescatada-Rosa Márcia M Department of Plant Physiology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC), Umeå University, SE-90187, Umeå, - - 2014
Membranes of eukaryotic cells contain high-lipid-order, sterol-rich domains thought to mediate temporal and spatial organization of cellular processes. Sterols are crucial for execution of cytokinesis, the last stage of cell division, in diverse eukaryotes. The cell plate of higher plant cells is the membrane structure that separates daughter cells during ...
Yu Bo B Larix Bioscience, LLC, 1230 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089, USA Panorama Research, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA 94089, USA - - 2014
Generation of high-productivity cell lines remains a major bottleneck in therapeutic antibody development. Conventional cell line development often depends on gene amplification methodologies using dihydrofolate reductase or glutamine synthetase. Higher productivity is associated with an increased gene copy number. However, lack of selection pressure under the conditions of large-scale manufacturing ...
Kumar Mulmudi Hemant MH Energy Research Institute @NTU (ERI@N), Research Techno Plaza, X-Frontier Block, Level 5, 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 637553, Singapore; School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, 639798, - - 2014
Lead free perovskite solar cells based on a CsSnI3 light absorber with a spectral response from 950 nm is demonstrated. The high photocurrents noted in the system are a consequence of SnF2 addition which reduces defect concentrations and hence the background charge carrier density.
Caselli Derek D ASU Nanophotonics Lab, Arizona State University , Tempe, Arizona 85287, United - - 2014
Nanomaterials such as semiconductor nanowires have unique features that could enable novel optoelectronic applications such as novel solar cells. This paper aims to demonstrate one such recently proposed concept: Monolithically Integrated Laterally Arrayed Multiple Band gap (MILAMB) solar cells for spectrum-splitting photovoltaic systems. Two cells with different band gaps were ...
Salem Abdelhakim A Department of Medicine, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Oral Pathology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a band-like T-cell infiltrate below apoptotic epithelial cells and degenerated basement membrane. We tested the hypothesis that the high-affinity histamine H4 receptors (H4 Rs) are downregulated in OLP by high histamine concentrations and proinflammatory T-cell cytokines. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining, ...
Mavrova Anelia Ts AT University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8 Kliment Ohridski Blvd., 1756 Sofia, Bulgaria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Some new thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-ones containing 1,2,4-triazole and 1,3,4-thiadiazole moiety were synthesized using thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-3(4H)-yl)acetohydrazides as precursors in order to determine their cytotoxicity. Compounds 5, 7-8 and 10-18 were evaluated for their cytotoxical effect on four cancer cell lines: human colorectal cancer cell line HT-29, breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231, cervical cancer cells HeLa, ...
Zhang Xinru X Department of Mechanical Engineering and §Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 United - - 2014
Cell sorting is an important screening process in microbiology, biotechnology, and clinical research. Existing methods are mainly based on single-cell analysis as in flow cytometric and microfluidic cell sorters. Here we report a label-free bulk method for sorting cells by differentiating their characteristic surface free energies (SFEs). We demonstrated the ...
Vemavarapu Lakshmi L From the Department of Pathology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky (Drs Vemavarapu, Czyszczon, J. C. Parker, and J. R. Parker); the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Indiana University Simon Cancer Center, Indianapolis (Dr Wagner); and the Department of Neurosurgery, Norton Neuroscience Institute, Louisville, Kentucky (Dr - - 2014
We report a case of an intraventricular tumor with features of atypical central neurocytoma with a sarcomatous component in a 44-year-old woman who presented with headaches and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 3.4-cm lobulated enhancing mass in the occipital horn of the left lateral ventricle, and the patient subsequently ...
Sheik-Khalil Enas - - 2014
Standardized techniques to detect HIV-neutralizing antibody responses are of great importance in the search for an HIV vaccine. Here, we present a high-throughput, high-content automated plaque reduction (APR) assay based on automated microscopy and image analysis that allows evaluation of neutralization and inhibition of cell-cell fusion within the same assay. ...
Zuo Lijian L Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, USA; State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, P. R. - - 2014
A high-performance parallel tandem solar cell employing ultra-thin Ag as the intermediate anode is demonstrated, which comprises a semitransparent front sub-cell and a microcavity assisted back sub-cell. In addition to the extended optical field as a result of the tandem architecture, the prominent microcavity resonance formed in the back sub-cell ...
Reja Shahi Imam SI Department of Chemistry, UGC Sponsored Centre for Advanced Studies-1, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. - - 2014
An oxime based fluorescent probe has been designed and synthesized, which detects free as well as enzymatically generated hypochlorite with a low detection limit and high sensitivity. In addition, the probe was successfully utilized for the monitoring of endogenously produced hypochlorite in LPS stimulated cell lines, C6 glioma and BV2 ...
Kim Jeehwan J IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, 10598, - - 2014
High efficiency Cu2 ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells are reported by applying In2 S3 /CdS double emitters. This new structure offers high doping concentration within the Cu2 ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells resulting in a substantial enhancement in open circuit voltage. The 12.4% device is obtained with a record open circuit voltage deficit of ...
Marjanovič Igor I Laboratory of Biocybernetics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Tržaška 25, 1000, Ljubljana, - - 2014
In this study, we compared three different methods used for quantification of gene electrotransfer efficiency: fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and spectrofluorometry. We used CHO and B16 cells in a suspension and plasmid coding for GFP. The aim of this study was to compare and analyse the results obtained by fluorescence ...
Kang Min-Cheol MC Department of Marine Life Sciences, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756, Republic of - - 2014
We investigated the protective effect of octaphlorethol A (OPA) isolated from Ishige foliacea against high-glucose-induced oxidative damage, as indicated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, lipid peroxidation, and cell death, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and in a zebrafish model. OPA treatment significantly and dose-dependently decreased ROS generation, ...
Bansode Atul A Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Av. Països Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona, - - 2014
We demonstrate the use of commercially available fused silica capillary and fittings to construct a cell for operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) for the study of heterogeneously catalyzed reactions under high pressure (up to 200 bars) and high temperature (up to 280 °C) conditions. As the first demonstration, the cell was ...
Li Menghua M Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology (Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing Engineering Laboratory in Vascular Implants, Bioengineering College, Chongqing University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Adverse effects of nickel ions being released into the living organism have resulted in development of high nitrogen nickel-free austenitic stainless steels for medical applications. Nitrogen not only replaces nickel for austenitic structure stability but also improves steel properties. The cell cytocompatibility, blood compatibility and cell response of high nitrogen ...
Qu Ling L Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, China Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
Quercetin can reverse high glucose-induced inhibition of neural cell proliferation, and therefore may have a neuroprotective effect in diabetic peripheral neuropathy. It is difficult to obtain primary Schwann cells and RSC96 cells could replace primary Schwann cells in studies of the role of autophagy in the mechanism underlying diabetic peripheral ...
Calder Ashley N AN Biology, Utah Valley Univ., 800 W. University Parkway, Orem, UT 84058-5999, - - 2014
Recent work indicates that Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects the cytoskeleton and cellular structure through mutations that alter structural proteins, and that dysfunction of the cytoskeleton may play a pivotal role in AD and other neurodegenerative diseases. The goal of our research is to determine if high-frequency ultrasound can detect cytoskeletal ...
Komai Yoshihiro Y 1] Department of Stem Cell Pathology, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shin-machi, Osaka 573-1010, Japan [2] Department of Urology and Andrology, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shin-machi, Osaka 573-1010, - - 2014
Asingle cells in undifferentiated spermatogonia are considered to be the most primitive forms of germ stem cells (GSCs). Although GFRα1 is thought to be a marker of Asingle cells, we found that Bmi1(High) is more specific than GFRα1 for Asingle cells. Bmi1(High) expression in Asingle cells is correlated with seminiferous ...
Narayana Modugumudi Ananta Satya MA Department of Pathology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Cutaneous metastasis from transitional cell carcinoma urinary bladder is a rare clinical entity associated with poor prognosis. This case report describes a 51-year-old male who presented with multiple cutaneous metastases arising from high grade transitional cell carcinoma bladder with lamina propria invasion. The prominent cytological features include medium sized to ...
Ali Muhammad M INSERM U1026, Bioingénierie Tissulaire (BioTis) Université Bordeaux Segalen 146, rue Léo-Saignat Case 45 33076 BORDEAUX - - 2014
Laser-assisted bioprinting is a versatile, non-contact, nozzle-free printing technique which has demonstrated high potential for cell printing with high resolution. Improving cell viability requires determining printing conditions which minimize shear stress for cells within the jet and cell impact at droplet landing. In this context, this study deals with laser-induced ...
Gryshkov Oleksandr O Institute for Multiphase Processes, Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, Hannover, - - 2014
Alginate cell-based therapy requires further development focused on clinical application. To assess engraftment, risk of mutations and therapeutic benefit studies should be performed in an appropriate non-human primate model, such as the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). In this work we encapsulated amnion derived multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) from Callithrix jacchus ...
Chen Liping L Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hainan Branch of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Sanya 572004, Hainan Province, - - 2013
The Chinese herb Shuyusan, whose main constituent is jasminoidin, has been shown to protect SH-SY5Y cells against corticosterone-induced damage. SH-SY5Y cells injured by 400 μmol/L corticosterone were treated with 5 and 30 μg/mL Shuyusan-containing serum. Results revealed that Shuyusan-containing serum elevated the survival rate of SH-SY5Y cells, reduced Bax expression, ...
Lainioti G Ch - - 2012
The technique of reversed-flow gas chromatography (RFGC) was employed for the determination of the alcoholic fermentation phases and of kinetic parameters for free and immobilized cell systems, at different initial glucose concentrations and temperature values. In addition to this, due to its considerable advantages over other techniques, RFGC was used ...
Miao Qingqing - - 2012
A radioactive probe (1) has been developed and applied to a condensation reaction and self-assembly of radioactive nanoparticles (i.e., (125)I-NPs) intracellularly. Upon 160 min cellular efflux, the radioactivity retained in cells incubated with 1 was 4-fold more higher than that of those cells treated with a scrambled control probe (1-Scr).
Wang Peng-Yuan - - 2012
Topographic cues have been recognized crucial on the modulation of cell behavior, and subsequent important for the design of implants, cell-based biomedical devices and tissue-engineered products. Grooved topography direct cells to align anisotropically on the substrates, resulting in an obvious morphological difference compared with the flat and the other topographies. ...
Carlin Viviane - - 2012
Abstract The aim of the present study was comparatively evaluate genomic damage (micronucleus) and cellular death (pyknosis, karyolysis and karyorrhexis) in exfoliated oral mucosa cells from hairdressers using two different anatomic buccal sites: cheek mucosa and lateral border of the tongue. A total of 28 hairdressers and 30 health controls ...
Nguyen Khanh K Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2013
Currently, the most severe limitation to applying RNA interference technology is delivery, including localizing the molecules to a specific site of interest to target a specific cell population and sustaining the presentation of these molecules for a controlled period of time. In this study, we engineered a functionalized, biodegradable system ...
Sachar Ashneet - - 2012
An in-depth understanding of the interactions between cells and three-dimensional (3D) matrices (scaffolds) is pivotal to the development of novel biomaterials for tissue regeneration. However, it remains a challenge to find suitable biomimetic substrates and tools to observe cell-material and cell-cell interactions on 3D matrices. In the present study, we ...
Proksch Susanne - - 2012
When prospectively applied for regenerative therapies, human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) interact with the locally residing host cells. With respect to the developmentally particular origin of oral cells, little is known about the putatively discriminative behavioural responses of hMSCs in interaction with various oral cell types, including human ...
Chen Bifeng - - 2012
A selective and sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) detection was synthesized and evaluated in PBS buffer and fetal bovine serum. The effect of pH on the probe was also studied. In addition, visualization of H(2)S in Hela cells was achieved using confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy.
Zhou Rui - - 2012
A hydrated gel-like pericellular matrix (PCM) covers the surface of all eukaryotic cells and plays a key role in many cellular events, but its effect on nanoparticle internalization has not been studied. Here, using cells with various PCM thicknesses and gold nanoparticles as probes, we demonstrate that, rather than being ...
Martinez Inigo - - 2012
The exact contribution of transplanted chondrocytes for cartilage tissue repair prior expansion in monolayer cultures remains undetermined. At our laboratory we have created a new permeable chamber to study the chondrogenesis of de-differentiated cells implanted ectopically in a closed and controlled environment. The behavior of chondrocytes has been studied in ...
Madanayake T W TW Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, - - 2012
Cytochromes P450 (P450s) contribute to the metabolic activation and inactivation of various endogenous substrates. Despite years of research, the physiological role of CYP2S1 remains unknown. CYP2S1 has demonstrated NADPH P450-reductase-independent metabolism of cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostaglandins [e.g., prostaglandin G(2) (PGG(2))] at nanomolar concentrations. Arachidonic acid is converted to prostaglandin precursors [PGG(2) ...
Zink Christian - - 2012
Surface gradients facilitate rapid, high-throughput, systematic investigations in cell biology, materials science, and other fields. An important surface parameter is the surface roughness on both the micrometer and nanometer scales in the lateral direction. Two approaches have been combined to create two-dimensional roughness gradients by adding a nanoparticle density gradient ...
Zhou Xiongtu - - 2012
Cells display contact guidance when cultured on topographical cues. By combining standard photolithography, nanoimprint lithography, and soft lithography, we produced sophisticated patterns on two levels, including crossing microgrooves with different depth/spacing and microgrooves with superimposed submicrometer features. The results show that for narrowly spaced microgrooves, the contact guidance is more ...
Shon Won-Jun - - 2012
In regard to biological properties of endodontic sealers, there are many characteristics that should be considered. The aim of this study was to examine the biological effects of new calcium phosphate-based root canal sealers, CAPSEAL I and CAPSEAL II (CPS), on human periodontal fibroblast cells by examining the expression levels ...
Rane Tushar D TD Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2012
In this article we present a novel droplet microfluidic chip enabling amplification-free detection of single pathogenic cells. The device streamlines multiple functionalities to carry out sample digitization, cell lysis, probe-target hybridization for subsequent fluorescent detection. A peptide nucleic acid fluorescence resonance energy transfer probe (PNA beacon) is used to detect ...
Sinthuvanich Chomdao - - 2012
Iterative peptide design was used to generate two peptide-based hydrogels to study the effect of network electrostatics on primary chondrocyte behavior. MAX8 and HLT2 peptides have formal charge states of +7 and +5 per monomer, respectively. These peptides undergo triggered folding and self-assembly to afford hydrogel networks having similar rheological ...
Chang M-C - - 2012
Chang MC, Tsai YL, Chen YW, Chan CP, Huang CF, Lan WC, Lin CC, Lan WH, Jeng JH. Butyrate induces reactive oxygen species production and affects cell cycle progression in human gingival fibroblasts. J Periodont Res 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2012.01504.x. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  Short-chain ...
Lourenço Bianca N - - 2012
Surface wettability and topography are recognized as critical factors influencing cell behavior on biomaterials. So far only few works have reported cell responses on surfaces exhibiting extreme wettability in combination with surface topography. The goal of this work is to study whether cell behavior on superhydrophobic surfaces is influenced by ...
Myochin Takuya - - 2012
Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence probes are especially useful for simple and noninvasive in vivo imaging inside the body because of low autofluorescence and high tissue transparency in the NIR region compared with other wavelength regions. But, existing NIR fluorescence probes for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are tumor, atherosclerosis, and inflammation markers, ...
Hong Sungmin - - 2012
We have developed an integrated microfluidic material processing chip and demonstrated the rapid production of collagen microspheres encapsulating cells with high uniformity and cell viability. The chip integrated three material processing steps. Monodisperse microdroplets were generated at a microfluidic T junction between aqueous and mineral oil flows. The flow was ...
Koizumi Koji - - 2012
A key question in developmental biology is how cellular patterns are created and maintained. During the formation of the Arabidopsis root, the endodermis, middle cortex (MC), and cortex are produced by periclinal cell divisions that occur at different positions and at different times in root development. The endodermis and cortex ...
Pendegrass Catherine Jane - - 2012
Amputation places a significant burden on healthcare systems worldwide as patients suffer life-long complications associated with the stump-socket interface. Skin penetrating, osseointegrated implants like intraosseous transcutaneous amputation prostheses, could overcome this, however, they rely on the formation and maintenance of an infection-free seal at the skin-implant interface. Epithelial cell migration ...
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