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Results 351 - 400 of 1310
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Adnot S - - 2007
Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is now considered to be a proliferative disorder characterised by unexplained proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PA-SMCs) and pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PA-ECs). An abnormal phenotype of PA-SMCs and PA-ECs has been described in PAH and some analogies now appear between pulmonary vascular cells ...
Gray David - - 2007
In this review, we describe the non-antibody-mediated functions of B cells within the immune system. In addition to antibody production, B cells also present antigen to T cells, programme T cell differentiation and regulate effector T cell responses and much of this is mediated by the cytokines they make. We ...
Hansen, Lance
The bovine blastocyst is composed of a one-celled layer of trophectoderm surrounding a fluid filled sac called the blastocoel and a ball of cells called the inner cell mass (ICM). On Day 8 (Day 0=fertilization) in bovine embryos, endodermal cells leave the ICM, migrate over the extracellular matrix (ECM) on ...
Leite Maria I - - 2007
In early-onset myasthenia gravis, the thymus contains lymph node-type infiltrates with frequent acetylcholine receptor (AChR)-specific germinal centers. Our recent evidence/two-step hypothesis implicates hyperplastic medullary thymic epithelial cells (expressing isolated AChR subunits) in provoking infiltration and thymic myoid cells (with intact AChR) in germinal center formation. To test this, we screened ...
Kitagawa Masae - - 2007
Pleomorphic adenomas (PAs) of salivary glands are characterized by the mixed appearance of epithelial and mesenchymal-like components such as myxoid and chondroid tissues. Although various studies have examined PAs, thus far it is not clear how PAs make these multiple components. Thus, clarification of the histodifferentiation of this unique salivary ...
Melhus Katrine B - - 2007
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with the alpha-emitter 227Th is currently under evaluation. 227Th is conjugated to the chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab, using the chelator p-isothiocyanato-benzyl-DOTA. In this study, the binding of 227Th-DOTA-p-benzyl-rituximab to three different CD-20-positive lymphoma cell lines, Raji, Rael, and Daudi, were evaluated. Equilibrium and kinetic binding experiments were ...
Batista Facundo D - - 2007
Despite compelling evidence that a large proportion of antigens encountered in vivo by B cells are membrane bound, the general view is that B cells are mainly activated by soluble antigens. This notion may have been biased somewhat over the years because the high affinity of the B-cell receptor (BCR) ...
Moskovich Oren - - 2007
Cells resist death induced by the complement membrane attack complex (MAC, C5b-9) by removal of the MAC from their surface by an outward and/or inward vesiculation. To gain an insight into the route of MAC removal, human C9 was tagged with Alexa Fluor 488 and traced within live cells. Tagged ...
Ferreira Viviana P - - 2007
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) cells are partially (type II) or completely (type III) deficient in GPI-linked complement regulatory proteins CD59 and CD55. PNH III erythrocytes circulate 6 to 60 days in vivo. Why these cells are not lysed as rapidly by complement as unprotected foreign cells, which normally lyse within ...
Okroj Marcin - - 2008
The complement system is important for protection from invading pathogens, removal of waste products and guidance of the immune response. Furthermore, complement can be also targeted to cancer cells. However, membrane-bound inhibitors over-expressed by certain types of tumor cells restrict the cytotoxic activity of complement. Herein we report that non-small ...
Caroprese M - - 2007
A total of 225 bulk sheep milk samples were collected from 5 intensively managed flocks during early, mid, and late lactation to assess the contribution of macrophages to the regulation of the plasmin-plasminogen system. Samples were analyzed for composition, somatic cell counts, milk renneting characteristics, and for plasmin (PL), plasminogen ...
Vasconcelos F C - - 2007
Pomolic acid (PA) is a pentacyclic triterpene which has been previously described as active in inhibiting the growth of K562 cell line-originated from chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis-and its vincristine-resistant derivative K562-Lucena1. In this work, cells from CML patients were treated with PA and the apoptotic index was ...
Nielsen Boye S - - 2007
The transition from ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast to invasive ductal carcinoma is facilitated by proteolytic degradation of basement membrane. The transition can be identified as microinvasive foci in a small proportion of DCIS lesions. We have previously found that MMP-13 is frequently expressed in such foci. ...
Sprague Lisa D - - 2007
One aim during oncological radiation therapy is to induce reoxygenation in hypoxic tumours in order to enhance radiosensitivity and ultimately increase cell death. In squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN), hypoxia is considered a pivotal physiological modulator for malignant progression, whereby the plasminogen activation system is involved ...
Tang Patrick Ming-Kuen - - 2007
Scutellaria barbata, a Traditional Chinese Medicine native in southern China, has been widely used for treating liver diseases. In this study, the anti-proliferative effect of Pheophorbide a (Pa), an active component from S. barbata, was examined on a multi-drug resistant (MDR) human hepatoma cell line R-HepG2. Our study showed that ...
Ponce Bravo Santa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify by immunohistochemistry the number of myoepithelial cells (MyECs) in pleomorphic adenomas (PAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrieved the paraffin cubes of 27 PAs, new slides were done and they were stained with anti-S100 protein antibody. The amount of S-100 protein positive ...
Ju Jihang - - 2007
Hybridoma cells display an increase in antibody productivity following exposure to hypertonic conditions. However, the underlying mechanism is not well understood. In the present study, we hypothesize that the nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5)/tonicity enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) functions to increase the antibody productivity of hybridoma cells. ...
Carlson Coby B - - 2007
This report highlights the advantages of low-affinity, multivalent interactions to recognize one cell type over another. Our goal was to devise a strategy to mediate selective killing of tumor cells, which are often distinguished from normal cells by their higher levels of particular cell surface receptors. To test whether multivalent ...
Bateman Paul A - - 2007
The suitability of the caco-2 cell line as a model for studying the long term impact of dietary fatty acids on intestinal lipid handling and chylomicron production was examined. Chronic supplementation of caco-2 cells with palmitic acid (PA) resulted in a lower triacylglycerol secretion than oleic acid (OA). This was ...
Hayashido Yasutaka - - 2007
The plasminogen activator/plasmin system is one of the main protease systems involved in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Our previous study has shown that plasmin degrades E-cadherin and promotes cell dissemination by downregulation of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells. To examine the effect of downregulation ...
Gatto Dominique - - 2007
Marginal zone (MZ) B cells differ from follicular (FO) B cells in their functional, phenotypic and localization properties. It is still unclear whether B cells from the MZ compartment also have distinct or biased BCR specificities, recognizing only a limited number of conserved antigenic structures. To address the complexity of ...
Tian Yong-Hong - - 2007
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), expressed in Sertoli cells in the testis, is closely related with tight junctions of blood-testis barrier (BTB), and it has been considered as a potential contraceptive target. In the present study, the antigene effects of triplex-forming oligodeoxynucleotides (TFO) targeting uPA in rat Sertoli cells were investigated ...
Ellison Bradley S - - 2007
Membrane complement regulatory proteins (mCRPs) inhibit complement-mediated killing of human cells by human complement, a property that confers protection from complement to malignant breast cancer cells and that thwarts some immunotherapies. Metabolic mechanisms may come into play in protecting cancer cells from the complement system subsequent to relatively low levels ...
Cascalho Marilia - - 2007
T cells clearly help B cells to produce antibodies and acquire memory. Recently, B cells were found to support some T-cell responses through antigen presentation, and perhaps more importantly, through the generation of diverse T cells and lymphoid organogenesis. These new findings show that the development and function of T ...
Gutova Margarita - - 2007
The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR/CD87) are major regulators of extracellular matrix degradation and are involved in cell migration and invasion under physiological and pathological conditions. The uPA/uPAR system has been of great interest in cancer research because it is involved in the development of most invasive ...
Onwuegbusi Benjamin A BA MRC Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison-MRC Research Centre, Cambridge, United - - 2007
In cancer, Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGFbeta) increases proliferation and promotes invasion via selective loss of signalling pathways. Oesophageal adenocarcinoma arises from Barrett's oesophagus, progresses rapidly and is usually fatal. The contribution of perturbed TGFbeta signalling in the promotion of metastasis in this disease has not been elucidated. We therefore ...
Miles Lindsey A - - 2006
An emerging area of research has documented a novel role for the plasminogen activation system in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. Prohormones, secreted by cells within the sympathoadrenal system, are processed by plasmin to bioactive peptides that feed back to inhibit secretagogue-stimulated release. Catecholaminergic cells of the sympathoadrenal system are ...
Weglarz LudmiƂa - - 2007
Phytic acid (PA), a major fiber-associated component of wheat bran and legumes, is physiologically present in the human large gut. The aim of this study was to examine the role of PA in immunologic function of intestinal epithelial cells by analyzing its effect on interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-6 secretion by ...
Jaasma Michael J - - 2007
Numerous cellular biochemical responses to mechanical loading are transient, indicating a cell's ability to adapt its behavior to a new mechanical environment. Since load-induced cellular deformation can initiate these biochemical responses, the overall goal of this study was to investigate the adaptation of global, or whole-cell, mechanical behavior, i.e., cellular ...
Quintal-Tun Fausto - - 2007
Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) is of economic importance worldwide. Its growth in organic-rich acidic soils is influenced by aluminium such that coffee yield may be impaired. Herein we have used the Al-sensitive C. arabica suspension cell line L2 to analyse the effect of two different Al species on the phosphoinositide ...
Tang Xiao-Han - - 2007
We investigated the effects of two natural dietary retinoid X receptor (RXR) ligands, phytanic acid (PA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), on proliferation and on the metabolism of retinol (vitamin A) in both cultured normal human prostate epithelial cells (PrECs) and PC-3 prostate carcinoma cells. PA and DHA inhibited the proliferation ...
Lightwood Daniel J - - 2006
We describe a method for the generation of high-affinity monoclonal antibodies, which combines the power of natural immune responses with in vitro panning, B cell culture, RT-PCR and expression of the recombinant product. B cells from immunised rabbits were incubated at approximately 1000-10,000 cells per well with solid phase antigen ...
Dell'Antone P - - 2006
3-bromopyruvate (3-Br PA), a strong alkylating agent, was found to cause a dramatic disruption of pH gradients in acidic compartments of Ehrlich ascites tumour cells (EATCs), as well as of rat thymocytes, at concentrations similar to those reported to cause ATP depletion in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. However, in the condition ...
Balsara Rashna D - - 2006
Cell proliferation, an event associated with angiogenesis, involves coordinated activities of a number of proteins. The role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in angiogenesis remains controversial. Utilizing proliferating PAI-1-/- endothelial cells (EC), the impact of a host PAI-1 deficiency on Akt activation was evaluated. Hyperactivation of Akt(Ser(P)473) was observed in ...
Speziale S - - 2006
The combination of the diamond-anvil cell, synchrotron x-ray diffraction in radial geometry and simultaneous Rietveld refinement with texture analysis allows us to quantitatively investigate the plastic deformation behaviour of materials at very high pressures. Our study of copper to 30 GPa shows in ideal experimental geometry a [110] fibre texture component, ...
Wang Yonghui - - 2006
In this paper, we describe the combination of lectin chromatography with capillary LC coupled to a linear ion trap-Fourier transform mass spectrometer (LTQ/FTMS) to enrich and characterize overexpressed glycoproteins from a cell culture lysate. A well-characterized glycoprotein, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), was used as a standard, and we demonstrated ...
Saito Takashi - - 2006
An immunological synapse (IS) is formed at the interface between antigen-presenting cells and T cells, and is believed to be the structure responsible for antigen recognition and T-cell activation. However, recent imaging analyses reveal that T-cell receptor microclusters (MCs) formed prior to IS are the site for antigen recognition and ...
Hosseinkhani Hossein - - 2006
The proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) was investigated in a three dimensional (3-D) network of nanofibers formed by self-assembly of peptide-amphiphile (PA) molecules. PA was synthesized by standard solid phase chemistry that ends with the alkylation of the NH(2) terminus of the peptide. The sequence of arginine-glycine-aspartic ...
Helmy Karim Y - - 2006
The complement system serves an important role in clearance of pathogens, immune complexes, and apoptotic cells present in the circulation. Complement fragments deposited on the particle surface serve as targets for complement receptors present on phagocytic cells. Although Kupffer cells, the liver resident macrophages, play a dominant role in clearing ...
Urbaniak S J - - 2006
The RhD protein is expressed only on human red blood cells (RBC), and is one of the most immunogenic of the blood groups. It is of clinical importance since the alloantibody (anti-D) can hemolyse D positive RBC after blood transfusion, or cause hemolytic disease of the newborn. The immunogenicity of ...
Di Palma Silvana S Royal Surrey County Hospital, University of Surrey, Guildford, - - 2007
Cells with oncocytic change (OC) are a common finding in salivary glands (SGs) and in SG tumours. When found within pleomorphic adenomas (PAs), cells with OC may be perceived as evidence of malignancy, and lead to a misdiagnosis of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CaExPa). To describe a case of PA ...
Carrasco Yolanda R - - 2006
VCAM-1 is one of the main ligands of VLA-4, an integrin that is highly expressed on the surface of mature B cells. Here we find that coexpression of VCAM-1 on an antigen-bearing membrane facilitates B-cell activation. Firstly, this is achieved by mediating B-cell tethering, which in turn increases the likelihood ...
Piedagnel Rémi - - 2006
We have analyzed the expression and regulation of plasminogen activators (PA) in principal cells of the renal collecting duct. We used a rabbit principal cell line (RC.SVtsA58) infected with the temperature-sensitive SV40 strain tsA58. Transformed cells cultured at permissive temperature (33 degrees C) produced only tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA). Shifting ...
1976- Wyant, Tiana Lynn,
Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Virginia Commonwealth University, 2006.
Sirén Vappu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We recently found that direct homotypic cell-cell contacts between human dermal fibroblasts induce a novel form of cell activation leading to non-apoptotic programmed cell death. As the major features of this process we identified massive induction of cyclo-oxygenase-2 and production of inflammatory prostaglandins. On the surface of the decomposing ...
Sprague Lisa D - - 2006
In squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), hypoxia is considered a crucial physiological modulator for malignant progression, wherebythe plasminogen activation system is involved in overlapping functions such as moulding of the extracellular matrix, cell proliferation and signal transduction. Little is known about the effects of reoxygenation on ...
Skogseth Haakon - - 2006
Proteolytic enzymes, and especially urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), play an important role in tumour invasion and metastasis. Previously we demonstrated that the production of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) was decreased by several tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in two prostatic carcinoma cell lines. The effect of the two TKI genistein and ...
Sid Brice - - 2006
The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP), a large scavenger receptor reported to mediate the uptake and degradation of various ligands, emerges as a promising receptor for targeting the invasive behaviour of human cancer cells. However, the accurate function of LRP during tumor invasion seems to be highly dependent on ...
Komis George - - 2006
The probable involvement of phospholipase D (PLD)/phosphatidic acid (PA) signalling in the hyperosmotic stress response of Triticum turgidum root cells was investigated by examining the effects of butanol-1, butanol-2, phosphatidylbutanol (PtdBut), N-acylethanolamine (NAE) and PA on the hyperosmotic response, the organization of the tubulin cytoskeleton and the accumulation of a ...
Sladowski Dariusz - - 2006
CD59 is one of the key molecules involved in cell protection against autologus complement. The fact that complement regulatory proteins are able to prevent hyperacute rejection of organs in pig to primate model, raises the question of possible complement regulatory protein (CRP) involvement in the maturation of immunological system. We ...
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