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Results 351 - 400 of 1332
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Wu Ting - - 2009
Although ultrasound cavitation must be avoided for safe diagnostic applications, the ability of ultrasound to disrupt cell membranes has taken on increasing significance as a method to facilitate drug and gene delivery. A new ultrasonic resonance driving method is introduced to penetrate rigid wall plant cells or oocytes with springy ...
Gao Ling-Juan - - 2009
Decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and membrane cofactor protein (MCP) are the key molecules involved in cell protection against autologus complement, which restricts the action of complement at critical stages of the cascade reaction. The cooperative effect of DAF and MCP on the survival of human cervical cancer cell (ME180) has not ...
Harriman William D - - 2009
The secreted immunoglobulin footprint of single hybridoma cells, containing ~10 fg of antibody purified in situ, has been probed for 9 properties concurrently by use of detection labels comprising 280 nm combinatorially colored fluorescent latex beads functionalized with proteins. Specificity of each individual hybridoma cell's product has thereby been assessed ...
Su Wenjuan - - 2009
The signaling enzyme phospholipase D (PLD) and the lipid second messenger it generates, phosphatidic acid (PA), are implicated in many cell biological processes, including Ras activation, cell spreading, stress fiber formation, chemotaxis, and membrane vesicle trafficking. PLD production of PA is inhibited by the primary alcohol 1-butanol, which has thus ...
Huang Zhan - - 2008
During tooth development, ectoderm-derived ameloblast cells create enamel by synthesizing a complex protein mixture serving to control cell to matrix interactions and the habit of hydroxyapatite crystallites. Using an in vitro cell and organ culture system, we studied the effect of artificial bioactive nanostructures on ameloblasts with the long-term goal ...
Takagi Hideaki - - 2009
Resident peritoneal macrophages (PEMs) express SIGNR1 on the cell surface as a major mannose receptor. These cells also ingest oligomannose-coated liposomes (OMLs) in an oligomannose-dependent manner following intraperitoneal administration. Therefore, the current study was conducted to investigate the possible role of SIGNR1 in capture of OMLs. Transient expression of several ...
Du Guangwei - - 2009
When cells cease migrating through the vasculature, adhere to extracellular matrix, and begin to spread, they exhibit rapid changes in contraction and relaxation at peripheral regions newly contacting the underlying substrata. We describe here a requirement in this process for myosin II disassembly at the cell cortex via the action ...
Choi Sung-E - - 2009
Autophagy, a vacuolar degradative pathway, constitutes a stress adaptation that avoids cell death or elicits the alternative cell-death pathway. This study was undertaken to determine whether autophagy is activated in palmitate (PA)-treated beta-cells and, if activated, what the role of autophagy is in the PA-induced beta-cell death. The enhanced formation ...
Taft Sarah C - - 2008
Anthrax toxin protective antigen (PA) binds to its cellular receptor, and seven subunits self-associate to form a heptameric ring that mediates the cytoplasmic entry of lethal factor or edema factor. The influence of receptor type on susceptibility to anthrax toxin components was examined using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing ...
Ramo Kasmir K Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2008
Complement-mediated damage to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), Bruch membrane, and choroid has been associated with pathogenesis in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The terminal step of complement activation involves lysis of cells by the insertion of the membrane attack complex (MAC) in the plasma membrane. The hypothesis that local overexpression ...
Gambaro Giovanni - - 2008
Randall's plaques are very common in idiopathic calcium-oxalate nephrolithiasis. These papillary plaques have an apatite mineral structure. While these calcium deposits are generally assumed to be secondary to a purely physico-chemical phenomenon, we advance the hypothesis that they form due to a truly ectopic biomineralization in the renal tissue, and ...
Verhovez Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) experience more cardiovascular events than patients with essential hypertension matched for risk factor profile. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) represent a bone marrow-derived cell population implicated in vascular healing whose number correlates to the cardiovascular risk factor profile. Aldosterone has been reported to decrease EPC ...
Wang Gui-li - - 2008
AIM: To explore the role of lysophosphatidic acid receptor-2 (LPA2) in regulating lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) activation, cell invasion, and migration in human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV-3. METHODS: SKOV-3 cells were stimulated with LPA. Cell supernatant uPA level and activity were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. ...
Serratì S - - 2008
Here we show the increase of invasion of three breast cancer cell lines (8701-BC, MDA-MB-231 and SKBR3) upon long-term co-incubation with culture medium of normal microvascular endothelial cells (MVEC) and normal breast epithelial cells (HB2). The enhancement of invasion relied on the interaction of microvascular endothelial cell and normal breast ...
Ellmark P - - 2008
Antibody microarrays enable extensive protein expression profiling, and provide a valuable complement to DNA microarray-based gene expression profiling. In this study, we used DotScan antibody microarrays that contain antibodies against 82 different cell surface antigens, to determine phenotypic protein expression profiles for human B cell sub-populations. We then demonstrated that ...
Tanaka Yuko - - 2008
To characterize the cellular density and proliferative activity of GFAP-negative cells in pilocytic astrocytoma (PA), surgically excised tissues of PAs (n=37) and diffuse astrocytomas (DAs) (n=11) were examined morphologically and immunohistochemically using antibodies against GFAP, Olig2, Iba1 and Ki-67 (MIB-1). In PA, Olig2 immunoreactivity was significantly expressed in protoplasmic astrocytes ...
Mansoor Ibrahim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multispectral image analysis is an emerging tool that utilizes both spatial and spectral image information to classify images that can be used for the differentiation between benign versus malignant cells. The aim of the current study was to analyze the ability of this tool in differentiating subtle cytologic differences ...
Wright Michelle H - - 2008
Stimulation of mammalian cells frequently initiates phospholipase D-catalyzed hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine in the plasma membrane to yield phosphatidic acid (PA) a novel lipid messenger. PA plays a regulatory role in important cellular processes such as secretion, cellular shape change, and movement. A number of studies have highlighted that PLD-based signaling ...
Zhang Guangbo - - 2008
Expression of membrane CD276 (mB7-H3) has been reported on dendritic cells (DCs), monocytes, activated T cells, and various carcinoma cells. However, reports concerning its in vivo function have been inconsistent. Moreover, whether there is a soluble form of this protein is not known. In this study, using a sensitive dual ...
Li Jongming - - 2008
The generation of melanoma-reactive T cells with the characteristics necessary for in vivo effectiveness remains a considerable obstacle to the application of adoptive cell therapy. Recent clinical success with adoptive cell therapy for melanoma is motivating additional investigation to improve the technology of generating such tumor reactive lymphocytes. Here we ...
Piccolella M - - 2008
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific membrane receptor (uPAR) control extracellular matrix proteolysis, cell migration, invasion and cell growth in several cancers. The uPAR released from human cancers is detected in blood as soluble uPAR (suPAR). No information is available on the mechanism(s) of action of suPAR on prostate ...
Grossmayer G E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Accumulation of dying and dead cells is thought to be involved in the etiopathogenesis of systemic lupus erythaematosus (SLE). Clearance has been described mainly for apoptotic cells; however, the knowledge of serum factors participating in the phagocytosis of necrotic cells is limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sera from 18 patients ...
Adnot S - - 2007
Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is now considered to be a proliferative disorder characterised by unexplained proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PA-SMCs) and pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PA-ECs). An abnormal phenotype of PA-SMCs and PA-ECs has been described in PAH and some analogies now appear between pulmonary vascular cells ...
Gray David - - 2007
In this review, we describe the non-antibody-mediated functions of B cells within the immune system. In addition to antibody production, B cells also present antigen to T cells, programme T cell differentiation and regulate effector T cell responses and much of this is mediated by the cytokines they make. We ...
Hansen, Lance
The bovine blastocyst is composed of a one-celled layer of trophectoderm surrounding a fluid filled sac called the blastocoel and a ball of cells called the inner cell mass (ICM). On Day 8 (Day 0=fertilization) in bovine embryos, endodermal cells leave the ICM, migrate over the extracellular matrix (ECM) on ...
Leite Maria I - - 2007
In early-onset myasthenia gravis, the thymus contains lymph node-type infiltrates with frequent acetylcholine receptor (AChR)-specific germinal centers. Our recent evidence/two-step hypothesis implicates hyperplastic medullary thymic epithelial cells (expressing isolated AChR subunits) in provoking infiltration and thymic myoid cells (with intact AChR) in germinal center formation. To test this, we screened ...
Kitagawa Masae - - 2007
Pleomorphic adenomas (PAs) of salivary glands are characterized by the mixed appearance of epithelial and mesenchymal-like components such as myxoid and chondroid tissues. Although various studies have examined PAs, thus far it is not clear how PAs make these multiple components. Thus, clarification of the histodifferentiation of this unique salivary ...
Melhus Katrine B - - 2007
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with the alpha-emitter 227Th is currently under evaluation. 227Th is conjugated to the chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab, using the chelator p-isothiocyanato-benzyl-DOTA. In this study, the binding of 227Th-DOTA-p-benzyl-rituximab to three different CD-20-positive lymphoma cell lines, Raji, Rael, and Daudi, were evaluated. Equilibrium and kinetic binding experiments were ...
Batista Facundo D - - 2007
Despite compelling evidence that a large proportion of antigens encountered in vivo by B cells are membrane bound, the general view is that B cells are mainly activated by soluble antigens. This notion may have been biased somewhat over the years because the high affinity of the B-cell receptor (BCR) ...
Moskovich Oren - - 2007
Cells resist death induced by the complement membrane attack complex (MAC, C5b-9) by removal of the MAC from their surface by an outward and/or inward vesiculation. To gain an insight into the route of MAC removal, human C9 was tagged with Alexa Fluor 488 and traced within live cells. Tagged ...
Ferreira Viviana P - - 2007
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) cells are partially (type II) or completely (type III) deficient in GPI-linked complement regulatory proteins CD59 and CD55. PNH III erythrocytes circulate 6 to 60 days in vivo. Why these cells are not lysed as rapidly by complement as unprotected foreign cells, which normally lyse within ...
Okroj Marcin - - 2008
The complement system is important for protection from invading pathogens, removal of waste products and guidance of the immune response. Furthermore, complement can be also targeted to cancer cells. However, membrane-bound inhibitors over-expressed by certain types of tumor cells restrict the cytotoxic activity of complement. Herein we report that non-small ...
Caroprese M - - 2007
A total of 225 bulk sheep milk samples were collected from 5 intensively managed flocks during early, mid, and late lactation to assess the contribution of macrophages to the regulation of the plasmin-plasminogen system. Samples were analyzed for composition, somatic cell counts, milk renneting characteristics, and for plasmin (PL), plasminogen ...
Vasconcelos F C - - 2007
Pomolic acid (PA) is a pentacyclic triterpene which has been previously described as active in inhibiting the growth of K562 cell line-originated from chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis-and its vincristine-resistant derivative K562-Lucena1. In this work, cells from CML patients were treated with PA and the apoptotic index was ...
Nielsen Boye S - - 2007
The transition from ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast to invasive ductal carcinoma is facilitated by proteolytic degradation of basement membrane. The transition can be identified as microinvasive foci in a small proportion of DCIS lesions. We have previously found that MMP-13 is frequently expressed in such foci. ...
Sprague Lisa D - - 2007
One aim during oncological radiation therapy is to induce reoxygenation in hypoxic tumours in order to enhance radiosensitivity and ultimately increase cell death. In squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN), hypoxia is considered a pivotal physiological modulator for malignant progression, whereby the plasminogen activation system is involved ...
Tang Patrick Ming-Kuen - - 2007
Scutellaria barbata, a Traditional Chinese Medicine native in southern China, has been widely used for treating liver diseases. In this study, the anti-proliferative effect of Pheophorbide a (Pa), an active component from S. barbata, was examined on a multi-drug resistant (MDR) human hepatoma cell line R-HepG2. Our study showed that ...
Ponce Bravo Santa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify by immunohistochemistry the number of myoepithelial cells (MyECs) in pleomorphic adenomas (PAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrieved the paraffin cubes of 27 PAs, new slides were done and they were stained with anti-S100 protein antibody. The amount of S-100 protein positive ...
Ju Jihang - - 2007
Hybridoma cells display an increase in antibody productivity following exposure to hypertonic conditions. However, the underlying mechanism is not well understood. In the present study, we hypothesize that the nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5)/tonicity enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) functions to increase the antibody productivity of hybridoma cells. ...
Carlson Coby B - - 2007
This report highlights the advantages of low-affinity, multivalent interactions to recognize one cell type over another. Our goal was to devise a strategy to mediate selective killing of tumor cells, which are often distinguished from normal cells by their higher levels of particular cell surface receptors. To test whether multivalent ...
Bateman Paul A - - 2007
The suitability of the caco-2 cell line as a model for studying the long term impact of dietary fatty acids on intestinal lipid handling and chylomicron production was examined. Chronic supplementation of caco-2 cells with palmitic acid (PA) resulted in a lower triacylglycerol secretion than oleic acid (OA). This was ...
Hayashido Yasutaka - - 2007
The plasminogen activator/plasmin system is one of the main protease systems involved in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Our previous study has shown that plasmin degrades E-cadherin and promotes cell dissemination by downregulation of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells. To examine the effect of downregulation ...
Gatto Dominique - - 2007
Marginal zone (MZ) B cells differ from follicular (FO) B cells in their functional, phenotypic and localization properties. It is still unclear whether B cells from the MZ compartment also have distinct or biased BCR specificities, recognizing only a limited number of conserved antigenic structures. To address the complexity of ...
Tian Yong-Hong - - 2007
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), expressed in Sertoli cells in the testis, is closely related with tight junctions of blood-testis barrier (BTB), and it has been considered as a potential contraceptive target. In the present study, the antigene effects of triplex-forming oligodeoxynucleotides (TFO) targeting uPA in rat Sertoli cells were investigated ...
Ellison Bradley S - - 2007
Membrane complement regulatory proteins (mCRPs) inhibit complement-mediated killing of human cells by human complement, a property that confers protection from complement to malignant breast cancer cells and that thwarts some immunotherapies. Metabolic mechanisms may come into play in protecting cancer cells from the complement system subsequent to relatively low levels ...
Cascalho Marilia - - 2007
T cells clearly help B cells to produce antibodies and acquire memory. Recently, B cells were found to support some T-cell responses through antigen presentation, and perhaps more importantly, through the generation of diverse T cells and lymphoid organogenesis. These new findings show that the development and function of T ...
Gutova Margarita - - 2007
The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR/CD87) are major regulators of extracellular matrix degradation and are involved in cell migration and invasion under physiological and pathological conditions. The uPA/uPAR system has been of great interest in cancer research because it is involved in the development of most invasive ...
Onwuegbusi Benjamin A BA MRC Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison-MRC Research Centre, Cambridge, United - - 2007
In cancer, Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGFbeta) increases proliferation and promotes invasion via selective loss of signalling pathways. Oesophageal adenocarcinoma arises from Barrett's oesophagus, progresses rapidly and is usually fatal. The contribution of perturbed TGFbeta signalling in the promotion of metastasis in this disease has not been elucidated. We therefore ...
Miles Lindsey A - - 2006
An emerging area of research has documented a novel role for the plasminogen activation system in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. Prohormones, secreted by cells within the sympathoadrenal system, are processed by plasmin to bioactive peptides that feed back to inhibit secretagogue-stimulated release. Catecholaminergic cells of the sympathoadrenal system are ...
Weglarz LudmiƂa - - 2007
Phytic acid (PA), a major fiber-associated component of wheat bran and legumes, is physiologically present in the human large gut. The aim of this study was to examine the role of PA in immunologic function of intestinal epithelial cells by analyzing its effect on interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-6 secretion by ...
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