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Results 351 - 400 of 1383
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Sun Jian-guo - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the miRNA profile in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) and to explore the functions of characteristic BCSC miRNAs. We isolated ESA+CD44+CD24-/low BCSCs from MCF-7 cells using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). A human breast cancer xenograft assay was performed to validate the stem cell properties of ...
Kato Kosuke - - 2010
Human MUC1 (Muc1 in animals) is an extensively O-glycosylated membrane-tethered mucin expressed on the surface of epithelial cells and some cells of the hematopoietic system. Recently, we showed that the hamster Muc1 on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells served as a binding site for Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) through interaction between ...
Thurman Joshua M JM Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80045, - - 2010
We have recently shown that oxidative stress of ARPE-19 cells alters the expression of the cell surface complement regulatory proteins DAF and CD59, and permits increased activation of complement when the cells are subsequently exposed to serum. Based upon these results, we hypothesized that RPE cells respond to cellular stress ...
Boxx Gayle M - - 2010
The complement system is important for host resistance to hematogenously disseminated candidiasis. However, modulation of complement activation by cell wall components of Candida albicans has not been characterized. Although intact yeast display mannan on the surface, glucan, typically located in the interior, becomes exposed during C. albicans infection. We show ...
Kwakkenbos Mark J MJ AIMM Therapeutics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2010
The B cell lymphoma-6 (Bcl-6) and Bcl-xL proteins are expressed in germinal center B cells and enable them to endure the proliferative and mutagenic environment of the germinal center. By introducing these genes into peripheral blood memory B cells and culturing these cells with two factors produced by follicular helper ...
Heidt S - - 2010
In general, humoral immune responses depend critically upon T cell help. In transplantation, prevention or treatment of humoral rejection therefore require drugs that ideally inhibit both B cell and T helper cell activity. Here, we studied the effects of commonly used immunosuppressive drugs [tacrolimus, cyclosporin, mycophenolic acid (MPA) and rapamycin] ...
Andronicos Nicholas M NM Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2010
Activation of plasminogen, the zymogen of the primary thrombolytic enzyme, plasmin, is markedly promoted when plasminogen is bound to cell surfaces, arming cells with the broad spectrum proteolytic activity of plasmin. In addition to its role in thrombolysis, cell surface plasmin facilitates a wide array of physiologic and pathologic processes. ...
Gondal M A - - 2009
A highly sensitive pulsed photoacoustic (PA) spectrometer with different PA cell geometries was designed and fabricated in our laboratory to determine ozone detection at ppb level. The comparative performance and merits of these custom made cells were studied. The excitation source of PA spectrometer is a nanosecond pulsed laser at ...
Ahmad Aamir - - 2009
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM) is a known anti-tumor agent against breast and other cancers; however, its exact mechanism of action remains unclear. The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) system are involved in the degradation of basement membrane and extracellular matrix, leading to tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Since uPA-uPAR ...
Gancz Dana - - 2009
Cell death and survival signals activated by the complement membrane attack complex C5b-9 play important roles in complement-associated diseases and in antibody-based cancer therapy. Here, we investigated the involvement of the JNK mitogen-activated protein kinase in C5b-9-induced cell lysis. Necrotic-type cell death regulation by JNK1 and JNK2 was selectively studied ...
Kiyan Julia - - 2009
The cholesterol-enriched membrane microdomains lipid rafts play a key role in cell activation by recruiting and excluding specific signalling components of cell-surface receptors upon receptor engagement. Our previous studies have demonstrated that the GPI (glycosylphosphatidylinositol)-linked uPAR [uPA (urokinase-type plasminogen activator) receptor], which can be found in lipid rafts and in ...
Shan Yun-feng YF Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, - - 2009
To investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of tanshinone II-A, an alcohol extract of the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, on tumor invasion and metastasis of human colon carcinoma (CRC) cells. The effects of tanshinone II-A on invasion and metastasis of CRC cell lines HT29 and SW480 were evaluated by ...
Jung Thorsten - - 2009
The metastasizing capacity of the rat pancreatic adenocarcinoma BSp73ASML (ASML(wt)) is strikingly reduced by a knockdown of CD44v4-v7 (ASML(kd)). We used this model to analyze the role of the CD44 variant isoform (CD44v) in (pre)metastatic niche formation. Intrafootpad injections of ASML(wt)-, but not ASML(kd)-conditioned medium (CM), strongly promote settlement of ...
Attari Farnoosh - - 2009
Background: Pectin is composed of complex polysaccharides that can inhibit cancer metastasis and proliferation with no evidence of toxicity. In the present study, the apoptotic and necrotic effects of pectic acid (PA) on the rat pituitary GH3/B6 tumor cells has been investigated. Methods: GH3/B6 cells were cultured in the Ham's ...
Hawker Kathleen - - 2009
B cells have recently been identified as an integral component of the immune system; they play a part in autoimmunity through antigen presentation, antibody secretion, and complement activation. Animal models of multiple sclerosis (MS) suggest that myelin destruction is partly mediated through B cell activation (and plasmablasts). MS patients with ...
Heidt S - - 2009
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is used for treatment of a variety of immunological disorders and in transplantation. As one of its applications in transplantation is the reduction of donor specific antibodies in the circulation, we examined the direct effect of IVIg on essential parameters of human B cell responses in vitro. ...
Cheng Xiaolong - - 2010
ECRG2 is a novel tumor suppressor gene that shows sequence similarity to KAZAL-type serine protease inhibitor. We have previously demonstrated ECRG2 inhibits migration/invasion of lung cancer PG cells. However, the mechanism by which ECRG2 performs these activities remains unknown. In this study, we found that ECRG2 inhibits proteolysis activity of ...
Svenningsen Per - - 2009
Several pathophysiological conditions, including nephrotic syndrome, are characterized by increased renal activity of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). We recently identified plasmin in nephrotic urine as a stimulator of ENaC activity and undertook this study to investigate the mechanism by which plasmin stimulates ENaC activity. Cy3-labeled plasmin was found to ...
Baek Min Kyung - - 2010
The secondary bile acid lithocholic acid (LCA) induced expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and enhanced cell invasiveness in colon cancer cells. A dominant negative mutant or a specific inhibitor of MEK-1 suppressed LCA-induced uPAR expression. Deletions and site-directed mutagenesis revealed that the AP-1 site was required for LCA-induced ...
Newton Peter - - 2009
Endothelial cells present chemokines to T cells and can also stimulate the T cell antigen receptor by presentation of peptide-MHC antigen complexes. This study was designed to investigate the potential synergy between stimulation of the chemokine receptor CXCR3 and the human T cell receptor complex. Transendothelial T cell migration towards ...
Gates-Hollingsworth Marcellene A MA Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno, NV 89557, - - 2009
The opportunistic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans is surrounded by a polysaccharide capsule comprised primarily of glucuronoxylomannan (GXM). GXM is a key component of the antigenic character of the capsule. Expression of the epitope that allows for binding of mAbs that require O-acetylation of GXM for mAb recognition was greatly influenced by ...
Seweryn Ewa - - 2009
Enolase detected on the cell surface may be a receptor for certain ligands, especially for plasminogen. It is important for the pathogen invasiveness and in the development of a tumour. Therefore, we sought to preliminarily determine the enolase location and catalytic activity in the subfractions of MCF-7 cells. The latter ...
Liu Zhe-Bin - - 2009
To investigate the effects of PA-MSHA (Pseudomonas aeruginosa-mannose sensitive hemagglutinin) on inhibiting proliferation of breast cancer cell lines and to explore its mechanisms of action in human breast cancer cells. MCF-10A, MCF-7, MDA-MB-468, and MDA-MB-231HM cells were treated with PA-MSHA or PA (Heat-killed P. aeruginosa) at different concentrations and different ...
Carriero Maria Vincenza - - 2009
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) plays a central role in sustaining the malignant phenotype and promoting tumor metastasis. The Ser(88)-Arg-Ser-Arg-Tyr(92) is the minimum chemotactic sequence of uPAR required to induce the same intracellular signaling as its ligand uPA. Here, we describe the generation of new peptide inhibitors of cell ...
Henn Alicia D AD Division of Nephrology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2009
During the recall response by CD27(+) IgG class-switched human memory B cells, total IgG secreted is a function of the following: 1) the number of IgG-secreting cells (IgG-SC), and 2) the secretion rate of each cell. In this study, we report the quantitative ELISPOT method for simultaneous estimation of single-cell ...
Bulla Roberta - - 2009
An important role played by trophoblast cells at the feto-maternal interface is to exert immunomodulatory functions, including recognition of bacterial and viral agents and recruitment of leucocytes to eradicate pathogens. In this study we present data showing that the trophoblast cell line HTR8/SVneo and freshly isolated human first trimester trophoblast ...
Sandra Dhungana - - 2010
Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system, comprising of uPA, its receptor uPAR and inhibitor, type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), plays a vital role in various biological processes involving extracellular proteolysis, fibrinolysis, cell migration and proliferation. The timely occurence of these processes are essential for normal wound healing. This study examines ...
Jo Minji - - 2009
Hypoxia induces expression of the urokinase receptor (uPAR) and activates uPAR-dependent cell signaling in cancer cells. This process promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). uPAR overexpression in cancer cells also promotes EMT. In this study, we tested whether uPAR may be targeted to reverse cancer cell EMT. When MDA-MB 468 breast cancer ...
Pawluczkowycz Andrew W - - 2009
The CD20 mAb ofatumumab (OFA) is more effective than rituximab (RTX) in promoting complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) of B cells via the classical pathway (CP) of complement. CP activation is initiated by C1q binding to cell-bound IgG. Therefore, we examined the role of C1q in the dynamics of complement activation and ...
Lam Kevin K W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Trophoblast invasion is crucial to placentation. The relationship between decidual glycodelin-A and trophoblast invasion is not known. METHODS: Invasiveness of First trimester extravillous cytotrophoblast-1 (TEV-1) cell line, TEV-1, cells was determined by trans-well invasion assay. The gene expression, protein secretion and activities of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9, ...
Jo Minji - - 2009
The urokinase receptor (uPAR) promotes metastasis of human malignancies; however, its mechanism of action remains incompletely understood. Established models focus on the ability of uPAR to bind urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and promote protease activation in the tumor cell microenvironment; however, uPAR also regulates cell signaling and migration by both ...
McHeyzer-Williams Louise J LJ Department of Immunology and Microbial Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2009
Follicular helper T (T(FH)) cells are a class of helper T cells specialized in the cognate control of antigen-specific B cell immunity. Upon first contact with antigen-primed B cells, pregerminal center effector T(FH) cells promote B cell clonal expansion, antibody isotype switch, plasma cell differentiation, and the induction of germinal ...
Cheng Ching-Yi - - 2009
PURPOSE: Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)-mediated extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation potentially releases cryptic motility factors involved in somatic stem cell migration and epithelial outgrowth. The authors previously demonstrated that MMP-9 is upregulated in limbal epithelial cells cultivated on amniotic membrane (AM). Here, the authors further investigated whether plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin regulates MMP-9 ...
Wasmuth Susanne - - 2009
PURPOSE: A variation in the complement factor H gene was associated with an enhanced risk to develop especially early age-related macular degeneration. Drusen and basal laminar deposits are hallmarks of this AMD manifestation that contain vitronectin as a major component. In this study, the correlation between complement stimulation and vitronectin ...
D'mello Veera - - 2009
The urokinase receptor (uPAR), expressed on the surface of many cell types, coordinates plasmin-mediated cell surface proteolysis for matrix remodeling and promotes cell adhesion by acting as a binding protein for vitronectin. There is great clinical interest in uPAR in the cancer field as numerous reports have demonstrated that up-regulation ...
Chau Lien - - 2009
Shear stresses are known to influence the morphology, and even the fate, of many cell types, including endothelial, smooth muscle, and osteoblast cells. This paper describes a novel shear device for the study of cell mechanics. Unlike all other published shear devices, such as parallel-plate flow chambers, where a single ...
Tang Patrick Ming-Kuen - - 2009
Uterine carcinosarcoma is an aggressive neoplasm with low survival rates because of the lack of very effective chemotherapy protocol. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is recently suggested to be an efficient protocol for this cancer. Pheophorbide a (Pa) is a chlorophyll degradation product in the green plant cells, its antitumor effect was ...
Gemperlová Lenka - - 2009
The time courses of the contents of free, soluble and insoluble polyamine (PA) conjugates, PA biosynthetic and catabolic enzyme activities and mRNA levels of PA biosynthetic genes were monitored during the cell cycle of synchronized tobacco BY-2 cell line (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow 2). Progression through the cell ...
Naruse K - - 2009
The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system plays pivotal roles in cell invasion, adhesion and migration. Roles for uterine natural killer (uNK) cells in regulating extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invasion and spiral artery remodeling have been proposed. Placental bed biopsies from early pregnancy were obtained from three gestational age groups (8-10, 12-14 ...
Cantor Joseph J Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2009
The proliferation of antigen-specific lymphocytes and resulting clonal expansion are essential for adaptive immunity. We report here that B cell-specific deletion of the heavy chain of CD98 (CD98hc) resulted in lower antibody responses due to total suppression of B cell proliferation and subsequent plasma cell formation. Deletion of CD98hc did ...
Okroj Marcin - - 2009
The complement system can be specifically targeted to tumor cells due to molecular changes on their surfaces that are recognized by complement directly or via naturally occurring antibodies. However, tumor cells often overexpress membrane-bound complement inhibitors protecting them from complement attack. We have previously shown that non-small cell lung cancer ...
Kwan Jennifer M - - 2009
Azurin and Laz are bacterial proteins that have been shown to exert anticancer effects against a variety of solid tumors. Their effects on liquid cancers have never been studied. We now show that they are also effective against liquid-borne cancers such as leukemia. Azurin and Laz can each enter in ...
Kríková V - - 2009
AIM: Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) plays a key role in regulation of fibrinolytic system, cell-associated proteolysis and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMC). This study is focused on the types of PAI-1 expressing cells, quantification of PAI-1 expression in the walls of aneurysmatic abdominal aortas (AAA) and correlation ...
Higuchi Toshiyuki - - 2009
Cell malignancy is negatively correlated with the expression of thrombomodulin (TM), a thrombin receptor expressed on the surface of various cells, including tumor cells. TM accelerates thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) activation catalyzed by thrombin. The active form of TAFI (TAFIa) contributes to inhibition of plasmin formation through its carboxypeptidase B ...
Wygrecka Malgorzata - - 2009
Cell surface-associated proteolysis plays a crucial role in the migration of mononuclear phagocytes to sites of inflammation. The glycolytic enzyme enolase-1 (ENO-1) binds plasminogen at the cell surface, enhancing local plasmin production. This study addressed the role played by ENO-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-driven chemokine-directed monocyte migration and matrix invasion in ...
Jan Hsun-Jin - - 2009
We sought to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which rosiglitazone (RGZ) inhibits cell invasion in human glioma cells. In this study, we found that RGZ attenuated MMP-2 protein levels, MMP-2 gelatinolytic activity, and cell invasiveness through a PPAR-gamma independent pathway. RGZ increased mitogen activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) expression. The ...
Hoffert, Cyrla
Ophiostoma piceae, the most frequently isolated sap-staining fungus in Canada, produces an extracellular subtilisin-like, serine proteinase. This enzyme is presumed to serve an important nutritive function for the fungus as it grows in wood where nitrogen is found primarily in the form of protein. To further characterize this proteinase, an ...
Vocca Immacolata - - 2009
We previously showed that, while binding to urokinase receptor (uPAR) through its growth factor domain (GFD, residues 1-49), urokinase (uPA) can engage alphavbeta5 integrin through an internal domain (CP, residues 132-158). This novel uPA/alphavbeta5 interaction promotes cytoskeletal rearrangements and directional cell migration (Franco et al., J Cell Sci 2006;119:3424-34). We ...
De Muynck Benoit - - 2009
Genes encoding the heavy and light chains of LO-BM2, a therapeutic IgG antibody, were assembled in the tandem or inverted convergent orientation and expressed in Nicotiana tabacum plants and BY-2 suspension cells. The tandem construct allowed higher expression in both expression systems. A similar degradation pattern was observed for the ...
Okroj, Marcin
The complement system can be specifically targeted to tumor cells due to molecular changes on their surfaces that are recognized by complement directly or via naturally occurring antibodies. However, tumor cells often overexpress membrane-bound complement inhibitors protecting them from complement attack. We have previously shown that non-small cell lung cancer ...
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