Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1316
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Svenningsen Per - - 2009
Several pathophysiological conditions, including nephrotic syndrome, are characterized by increased renal activity of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). We recently identified plasmin in nephrotic urine as a stimulator of ENaC activity and undertook this study to investigate the mechanism by which plasmin stimulates ENaC activity. Cy3-labeled plasmin was found to ...
Baek Min Kyung - - 2010
The secondary bile acid lithocholic acid (LCA) induced expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and enhanced cell invasiveness in colon cancer cells. A dominant negative mutant or a specific inhibitor of MEK-1 suppressed LCA-induced uPAR expression. Deletions and site-directed mutagenesis revealed that the AP-1 site was required for LCA-induced ...
Newton Peter - - 2009
Endothelial cells present chemokines to T cells and can also stimulate the T cell antigen receptor by presentation of peptide-MHC antigen complexes. This study was designed to investigate the potential synergy between stimulation of the chemokine receptor CXCR3 and the human T cell receptor complex. Transendothelial T cell migration towards ...
Gates-Hollingsworth Marcellene A - - 2009
The opportunistic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans is surrounded by a polysaccharide capsule comprised primarily of glucuronoxylomannan (GXM). GXM is a key component of the antigenic character of the capsule. Expression of the epitope that allows for binding of mAbs that require O-acetylation of GXM for mAb recognition was greatly influenced by ...
Seweryn Ewa - - 2009
Enolase detected on the cell surface may be a receptor for certain ligands, especially for plasminogen. It is important for the pathogen invasiveness and in the development of a tumour. Therefore, we sought to preliminarily determine the enolase location and catalytic activity in the subfractions of MCF-7 cells. The latter ...
Liu Zhe-Bin - - 2009
To investigate the effects of PA-MSHA (Pseudomonas aeruginosa-mannose sensitive hemagglutinin) on inhibiting proliferation of breast cancer cell lines and to explore its mechanisms of action in human breast cancer cells. MCF-10A, MCF-7, MDA-MB-468, and MDA-MB-231HM cells were treated with PA-MSHA or PA (Heat-killed P. aeruginosa) at different concentrations and different ...
Carriero Maria Vincenza - - 2009
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) plays a central role in sustaining the malignant phenotype and promoting tumor metastasis. The Ser(88)-Arg-Ser-Arg-Tyr(92) is the minimum chemotactic sequence of uPAR required to induce the same intracellular signaling as its ligand uPA. Here, we describe the generation of new peptide inhibitors of cell ...
Henn Alicia D AD Division of Nephrology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2009
During the recall response by CD27(+) IgG class-switched human memory B cells, total IgG secreted is a function of the following: 1) the number of IgG-secreting cells (IgG-SC), and 2) the secretion rate of each cell. In this study, we report the quantitative ELISPOT method for simultaneous estimation of single-cell ...
Bulla Roberta - - 2009
An important role played by trophoblast cells at the feto-maternal interface is to exert immunomodulatory functions, including recognition of bacterial and viral agents and recruitment of leucocytes to eradicate pathogens. In this study we present data showing that the trophoblast cell line HTR8/SVneo and freshly isolated human first trimester trophoblast ...
Sandra Dhungana - - 2010
Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system, comprising of uPA, its receptor uPAR and inhibitor, type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), plays a vital role in various biological processes involving extracellular proteolysis, fibrinolysis, cell migration and proliferation. The timely occurence of these processes are essential for normal wound healing. This study examines ...
Jo Minji - - 2009
Hypoxia induces expression of the urokinase receptor (uPAR) and activates uPAR-dependent cell signaling in cancer cells. This process promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). uPAR overexpression in cancer cells also promotes EMT. In this study, we tested whether uPAR may be targeted to reverse cancer cell EMT. When MDA-MB 468 breast cancer ...
Pawluczkowycz Andrew W - - 2009
The CD20 mAb ofatumumab (OFA) is more effective than rituximab (RTX) in promoting complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) of B cells via the classical pathway (CP) of complement. CP activation is initiated by C1q binding to cell-bound IgG. Therefore, we examined the role of C1q in the dynamics of complement activation and ...
Lam Kevin K W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Trophoblast invasion is crucial to placentation. The relationship between decidual glycodelin-A and trophoblast invasion is not known. METHODS: Invasiveness of First trimester extravillous cytotrophoblast-1 (TEV-1) cell line, TEV-1, cells was determined by trans-well invasion assay. The gene expression, protein secretion and activities of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9, ...
Jo Minji - - 2009
The urokinase receptor (uPAR) promotes metastasis of human malignancies; however, its mechanism of action remains incompletely understood. Established models focus on the ability of uPAR to bind urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and promote protease activation in the tumor cell microenvironment; however, uPAR also regulates cell signaling and migration by both ...
McHeyzer-Williams Louise J - - 2009
Follicular helper T (T(FH)) cells are a class of helper T cells specialized in the cognate control of antigen-specific B cell immunity. Upon first contact with antigen-primed B cells, pregerminal center effector T(FH) cells promote B cell clonal expansion, antibody isotype switch, plasma cell differentiation, and the induction of germinal ...
Cheng Ching-Yi - - 2009
PURPOSE: Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)-mediated extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation potentially releases cryptic motility factors involved in somatic stem cell migration and epithelial outgrowth. The authors previously demonstrated that MMP-9 is upregulated in limbal epithelial cells cultivated on amniotic membrane (AM). Here, the authors further investigated whether plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin regulates MMP-9 ...
Wasmuth Susanne - - 2009
PURPOSE: A variation in the complement factor H gene was associated with an enhanced risk to develop especially early age-related macular degeneration. Drusen and basal laminar deposits are hallmarks of this AMD manifestation that contain vitronectin as a major component. In this study, the correlation between complement stimulation and vitronectin ...
D'mello Veera - - 2009
The urokinase receptor (uPAR), expressed on the surface of many cell types, coordinates plasmin-mediated cell surface proteolysis for matrix remodeling and promotes cell adhesion by acting as a binding protein for vitronectin. There is great clinical interest in uPAR in the cancer field as numerous reports have demonstrated that up-regulation ...
Chau Lien - - 2009
Shear stresses are known to influence the morphology, and even the fate, of many cell types, including endothelial, smooth muscle, and osteoblast cells. This paper describes a novel shear device for the study of cell mechanics. Unlike all other published shear devices, such as parallel-plate flow chambers, where a single ...
Tang Patrick Ming-Kuen - - 2009
Uterine carcinosarcoma is an aggressive neoplasm with low survival rates because of the lack of very effective chemotherapy protocol. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is recently suggested to be an efficient protocol for this cancer. Pheophorbide a (Pa) is a chlorophyll degradation product in the green plant cells, its antitumor effect was ...
Gemperlová Lenka - - 2009
The time courses of the contents of free, soluble and insoluble polyamine (PA) conjugates, PA biosynthetic and catabolic enzyme activities and mRNA levels of PA biosynthetic genes were monitored during the cell cycle of synchronized tobacco BY-2 cell line (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow 2). Progression through the cell ...
Naruse K - - 2009
The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system plays pivotal roles in cell invasion, adhesion and migration. Roles for uterine natural killer (uNK) cells in regulating extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invasion and spiral artery remodeling have been proposed. Placental bed biopsies from early pregnancy were obtained from three gestational age groups (8-10, 12-14 ...
Cantor Joseph - - 2009
The proliferation of antigen-specific lymphocytes and resulting clonal expansion are essential for adaptive immunity. We report here that B cell-specific deletion of the heavy chain of CD98 (CD98hc) resulted in lower antibody responses due to total suppression of B cell proliferation and subsequent plasma cell formation. Deletion of CD98hc did ...
Okroj Marcin - - 2009
The complement system can be specifically targeted to tumor cells due to molecular changes on their surfaces that are recognized by complement directly or via naturally occurring antibodies. However, tumor cells often overexpress membrane-bound complement inhibitors protecting them from complement attack. We have previously shown that non-small cell lung cancer ...
Kwan Jennifer M - - 2009
Azurin and Laz are bacterial proteins that have been shown to exert anticancer effects against a variety of solid tumors. Their effects on liquid cancers have never been studied. We now show that they are also effective against liquid-borne cancers such as leukemia. Azurin and Laz can each enter in ...
Kríková V - - 2009
AIM: Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) plays a key role in regulation of fibrinolytic system, cell-associated proteolysis and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMC). This study is focused on the types of PAI-1 expressing cells, quantification of PAI-1 expression in the walls of aneurysmatic abdominal aortas (AAA) and correlation ...
Higuchi Toshiyuki - - 2009
Cell malignancy is negatively correlated with the expression of thrombomodulin (TM), a thrombin receptor expressed on the surface of various cells, including tumor cells. TM accelerates thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) activation catalyzed by thrombin. The active form of TAFI (TAFIa) contributes to inhibition of plasmin formation through its carboxypeptidase B ...
Wygrecka Malgorzata - - 2009
Cell surface-associated proteolysis plays a crucial role in the migration of mononuclear phagocytes to sites of inflammation. The glycolytic enzyme enolase-1 (ENO-1) binds plasminogen at the cell surface, enhancing local plasmin production. This study addressed the role played by ENO-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-driven chemokine-directed monocyte migration and matrix invasion in ...
Jan Hsun-Jin - - 2009
We sought to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which rosiglitazone (RGZ) inhibits cell invasion in human glioma cells. In this study, we found that RGZ attenuated MMP-2 protein levels, MMP-2 gelatinolytic activity, and cell invasiveness through a PPAR-gamma independent pathway. RGZ increased mitogen activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) expression. The ...
Hoffert, Cyrla
Ophiostoma piceae, the most frequently isolated sap-staining fungus in Canada, produces an extracellular subtilisin-like, serine proteinase. This enzyme is presumed to serve an important nutritive function for the fungus as it grows in wood where nitrogen is found primarily in the form of protein. To further characterize this proteinase, an ...
Vocca Immacolata - - 2009
We previously showed that, while binding to urokinase receptor (uPAR) through its growth factor domain (GFD, residues 1-49), urokinase (uPA) can engage alphavbeta5 integrin through an internal domain (CP, residues 132-158). This novel uPA/alphavbeta5 interaction promotes cytoskeletal rearrangements and directional cell migration (Franco et al., J Cell Sci 2006;119:3424-34). We ...
De Muynck Benoit - - 2009
Genes encoding the heavy and light chains of LO-BM2, a therapeutic IgG antibody, were assembled in the tandem or inverted convergent orientation and expressed in Nicotiana tabacum plants and BY-2 suspension cells. The tandem construct allowed higher expression in both expression systems. A similar degradation pattern was observed for the ...
Okroj, Marcin
The complement system can be specifically targeted to tumor cells due to molecular changes on their surfaces that are recognized by complement directly or via naturally occurring antibodies. However, tumor cells often overexpress membrane-bound complement inhibitors protecting them from complement attack. We have previously shown that non-small cell lung cancer ...
Hauber Hans P - - 2009
ABSTRACT: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a useful diagnostic tool in interstitial lunge diseases (ILD). However, differential cell counts are often non specific and immunocytochemistry is time consuming. Staining of glyoproteins by periodic acid Schiff (PAS) reaction may help in discriminating different forms of ILD. In addition, PAS staining is easy ...
Wu Ting - - 2009
Although ultrasound cavitation must be avoided for safe diagnostic applications, the ability of ultrasound to disrupt cell membranes has taken on increasing significance as a method to facilitate drug and gene delivery. A new ultrasonic resonance driving method is introduced to penetrate rigid wall plant cells or oocytes with springy ...
Gao Ling-Juan - - 2009
Decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and membrane cofactor protein (MCP) are the key molecules involved in cell protection against autologus complement, which restricts the action of complement at critical stages of the cascade reaction. The cooperative effect of DAF and MCP on the survival of human cervical cancer cell (ME180) has not ...
Harriman William D - - 2009
The secreted immunoglobulin footprint of single hybridoma cells, containing ~10 fg of antibody purified in situ, has been probed for 9 properties concurrently by use of detection labels comprising 280 nm combinatorially colored fluorescent latex beads functionalized with proteins. Specificity of each individual hybridoma cell's product has thereby been assessed ...
Su Wenjuan - - 2009
The signaling enzyme phospholipase D (PLD) and the lipid second messenger it generates, phosphatidic acid (PA), are implicated in many cell biological processes, including Ras activation, cell spreading, stress fiber formation, chemotaxis, and membrane vesicle trafficking. PLD production of PA is inhibited by the primary alcohol 1-butanol, which has thus ...
Huang Zhan - - 2008
During tooth development, ectoderm-derived ameloblast cells create enamel by synthesizing a complex protein mixture serving to control cell to matrix interactions and the habit of hydroxyapatite crystallites. Using an in vitro cell and organ culture system, we studied the effect of artificial bioactive nanostructures on ameloblasts with the long-term goal ...
Takagi Hideaki - - 2009
Resident peritoneal macrophages (PEMs) express SIGNR1 on the cell surface as a major mannose receptor. These cells also ingest oligomannose-coated liposomes (OMLs) in an oligomannose-dependent manner following intraperitoneal administration. Therefore, the current study was conducted to investigate the possible role of SIGNR1 in capture of OMLs. Transient expression of several ...
Du Guangwei - - 2009
When cells cease migrating through the vasculature, adhere to extracellular matrix, and begin to spread, they exhibit rapid changes in contraction and relaxation at peripheral regions newly contacting the underlying substrata. We describe here a requirement in this process for myosin II disassembly at the cell cortex via the action ...
Choi Sung-E - - 2009
Autophagy, a vacuolar degradative pathway, constitutes a stress adaptation that avoids cell death or elicits the alternative cell-death pathway. This study was undertaken to determine whether autophagy is activated in palmitate (PA)-treated beta-cells and, if activated, what the role of autophagy is in the PA-induced beta-cell death. The enhanced formation ...
Taft Sarah C - - 2008
Anthrax toxin protective antigen (PA) binds to its cellular receptor, and seven subunits self-associate to form a heptameric ring that mediates the cytoplasmic entry of lethal factor or edema factor. The influence of receptor type on susceptibility to anthrax toxin components was examined using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing ...
Ramo Kasmir K Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2008
Complement-mediated damage to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), Bruch membrane, and choroid has been associated with pathogenesis in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The terminal step of complement activation involves lysis of cells by the insertion of the membrane attack complex (MAC) in the plasma membrane. The hypothesis that local overexpression ...
Gambaro Giovanni - - 2008
Randall's plaques are very common in idiopathic calcium-oxalate nephrolithiasis. These papillary plaques have an apatite mineral structure. While these calcium deposits are generally assumed to be secondary to a purely physico-chemical phenomenon, we advance the hypothesis that they form due to a truly ectopic biomineralization in the renal tissue, and ...
Verhovez Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) experience more cardiovascular events than patients with essential hypertension matched for risk factor profile. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) represent a bone marrow-derived cell population implicated in vascular healing whose number correlates to the cardiovascular risk factor profile. Aldosterone has been reported to decrease EPC ...
Wang Gui-li - - 2008
AIM: To explore the role of lysophosphatidic acid receptor-2 (LPA2) in regulating lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) activation, cell invasion, and migration in human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV-3. METHODS: SKOV-3 cells were stimulated with LPA. Cell supernatant uPA level and activity were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. ...
Serratì S - - 2008
Here we show the increase of invasion of three breast cancer cell lines (8701-BC, MDA-MB-231 and SKBR3) upon long-term co-incubation with culture medium of normal microvascular endothelial cells (MVEC) and normal breast epithelial cells (HB2). The enhancement of invasion relied on the interaction of microvascular endothelial cell and normal breast ...
Ellmark P - - 2008
Antibody microarrays enable extensive protein expression profiling, and provide a valuable complement to DNA microarray-based gene expression profiling. In this study, we used DotScan antibody microarrays that contain antibodies against 82 different cell surface antigens, to determine phenotypic protein expression profiles for human B cell sub-populations. We then demonstrated that ...
Tanaka Yuko - - 2008
To characterize the cellular density and proliferative activity of GFAP-negative cells in pilocytic astrocytoma (PA), surgically excised tissues of PAs (n=37) and diffuse astrocytomas (DAs) (n=11) were examined morphologically and immunohistochemically using antibodies against GFAP, Olig2, Iba1 and Ki-67 (MIB-1). In PA, Olig2 immunoreactivity was significantly expressed in protoplasmic astrocytes ...
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