Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1383
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Qi Shiqin - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to sort side population (SP) cells from the neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cell line and to systematically investigate whether this population has stem cell characteristics. Side population and non-SP cells were separated from the SK-N-SH cell line by flow cytometry, and their morphologic characteristics were analyzed ...
Gavert Nancy - - 2011
Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is common in most sporadic and inherited colorectal cancer (CRC) cells leading to elevated β-catenin/TCF transactivation. We previously identified the neural cell adhesion molecule L1 as a target gene of β-catenin/TCF in CRC cells. Forced expression of L1 confers increased cell motility, invasion, and tumorigenesis, ...
Doeuvre Loïc - - 2010
Cell activation by stressors is characterized by a sequence of detectable phenotypic cell changes. A given stimulus, depending on its strength, induces modifications in the activity of membrane phospholipid transporters and calpains, which lead to phosphatidylserine exposure, membrane blebbing and the release of microparticles (nanoscale membrane vesicles). This vesiculation could ...
Chen Haolin H Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Division of Reproductive Biology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. - - 2010
Leydig cells are the testosterone-producing cells of the testis. The adult Leydig cell (ALC) population ultimately develops from undifferentiated mesenchymal-like stem cells present in the interstitial compartment of the neonatal testis. Distinct stages of ALC development have been identified and characterized. These include stem Leydig cells (SLCs), progenitor Leydig cells, ...
Gilbert David M DM Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. - - 2010
Recent findings suggest that large-scale remodeling of three dimensional (3D) chromatin architecture occurs during a brief period in early G1 phase termed the replication timing decision point (TDP). In this speculative article, I suggest that the TDP may represent an as yet unappreciated window of opportunity for extracellular cues to ...
Rabinowitz Claudette - - 2011
In botryllid ascidians, astogeny is executed through blastogenesis, a weekly, highly synchronized phenomenon of growth and death cycles, each constitutes four major developmental stages (A-D), operating simultaneously on three coexisting asexually derived generations, including primary and secondary palleal buds. This study documents the de novo expression of Piwi transcript and ...
Osawa Hiroki - - 2011
Aluminum (Al) is a harmful element that rapidly inhibits the elongation of plant roots in acidic soils. The release of organic anions explains Al resistance in annual crops, but the mechanisms that are responsible for superior Al resistance in some woody plants remain unclear. We examined cell properties at the ...
Zhao Bao-Cheng - - 2010
The CXCR4/SDF-1 axis regulates the trafficking of various cell types. In the study we investigated whether adipose-derived stem cells can promote gastric cancer cell growth and migration through SDF-1/CXCR4 axis. The expression of CXCR4 in gastric cancer cell line MGC-803 and SDF-1 in Adipose-derived stem cells was detected by using ...
Weng Chia-Jui - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of liver cancer and is highly metastatic. Metastasis is considered to be the major cause of death in cancer patients. Ginger is a natural dietary rhizome with anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic activities. The aims of this study were to evaluate the anti-invasion activity ...
Bagherpoor A J - - 2010
Two main characteristics of all types of stem cells are their potency for differentiation and self renewal capacity. There is a lot of interest to find the conditions and factors, which govern these behaviours of stem cells. It is very well documented that retinoic acid (RA) reduces growth rate by ...
Jing W H - - 2011
(±)-Praeruptorin A (dl-PA) is one of the main pyranocoumarins of Peucedani Radix and the chemical marker for quality control of the herb in China. This study investigated the transport and metabolism of dl-PA, for the first time, in Caco-2 cell monolayers. PA enantiomers of dl-PA in the transport study were ...
Villar Victor - - 2010
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) potently induces the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during tumoral progression. Although Sky-interacting protein (SKIP) regulates TGF-β1-induced Smad activation, its role in the induction of cell malignance remains uncertain. We found that TGF-β1 increases SKIP expression in PDV cells. In cells stably transfected with SKIP antisense, AS-S, Smad3 ...
Choi Sung-E - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of mitochondrial metabolism on high glucose/palmitate (HG/PA)-induced INS-1 beta cell death. Long-term treatment of INS-1 cells with HG/PA impaired energy-producing metabolism accompanying with depletion of TCA cycle intermediates. Whereas an inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1 augmented HG/PA-induced INS-1 cell ...
van Beekhuizen H J - - 2010
Retained placenta is caused by abnormal adherence of the placenta to the uterine wall, leading to delayed expulsion of the placenta and causing postpartum haemorrhage. The mildest form of retained placenta is the placenta adhesiva (PA), of which the cause is unknown. The aim of our study was to explore ...
Bindon Keren A - - 2010
Proanthocyanidins (PAs) were isolated from the skins, seeds and flesh of commercially ripe grapes, and from wine and marc produced from the same source. In the grape berry, skin PAs accounted for 54% of the total extractable PA, while seed and flesh-derived PA accounted for 30% and 15% of the ...
Krause Petra - - 2011
Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of colon carcinoma causes pH value alterations as well as changes in fibrinolytic activity. This results in enhanced proliferation of colon carcinoma cells in vitro and also in enhanced growth of liver metastasis when compared to isobaric (gasless) laparoscopy in vivo. So far, the direct ...
Bedeir Ahmed S - - 2010
To investigate the presence of IgG4+ plasma cells in gastric mucosal biopsy samples from patients with atrophic gastritis (AG) and a history of pernicious anaemia (PA) (AG+PA+). Gastric mucosal biopsy specimens from 46 patients with AG+PA+ were investigated. As controls, we evaluated specimens from patients with AG but no history ...
Chen Shih-Hsun - - 2010
In human tumors, fibronectin (FN) expression is positively associated with tumor metastatic potential and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) secretion. Additionally, tissue transglutaminase (TG2) is implicated as playing an important role in tumor progression, and acts as a co-receptor for integrin-mediated cell binding to FN. This study explored the involvement of FN ...
Takahashi Satoshi - - 2011
To identify molecular therapeutic targets for glioma, we performed gene expression profiling by using a complementary DNA (cDNA) microarray method and identified the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor-associated protein (uPARAP/Endo180) as a gene expressed highly in glioma tissue compared with the normal brain tissue. The uPARAP is an endocytic receptor for ...
Nishioka Teruko T Laboratory of Bioimaging and Cell Signaling, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Yoshida Konoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2010
Phosphatidic acid (PA) is one of the major phospholipids in the plasma membrane. Although it has been reported that PA plays key roles in cell survival and morphology, it remains unknown when and where PA is produced in the living cell. Based on the principle of Förster resonance energy transfer ...
An Lili - - 2010
B cell maturation and B cell-mediated antibody response require programmed DNA modifications such as the V(D)J recombination, the immunoglobulin (Ig) class switch recombination, and the somatic hypermutation to generate functional Igs. Many protein factors involved in DNA damage repair have been shown to be critical for the maturation and activation ...
Mitsdoerffer Meike M Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
T helper type 17 (TH17) cells are highly proinflammatory effector T cells that are characterized by the production of high amounts of IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-21, and IL-22. Furthermore, TH17 cells have been associated with a number of autoimmune diseases. However, it is not clear whether TH17 cells can also serve ...
Tabor Mark H MH Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, - - 2011
The cancer stem cell (CSC) theory concludes that a subpopulation of cancer cells, the cancer stem cells, can self-renew and are responsible for tumor growth. Previous studies have identified cells able to efflux Hoechst 33342 dye as the side population (SP). SP cells and CSCs share many characteristics, suggesting the ...
Villar Victor - - 2010
TGF-beta1 is a potent inductor of malignance in cancer cells. TGF-beta1 stimulates the expression of extracellular matrix degrading proteases, cell migration and it is also involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In the present work, we analyzed the role of Spred2 in the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) stimulation, EMT and ...
Olivier Stéphane S - - 2010
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) represent the fastest growing class of therapeutic proteins. The increasing demand for mAb manufacturing and the associated high production costs call for the pharmaceutical industry to improve its current production processes or develop more efficient alternative production platforms. The experimental control of IgG fucosylation to enhance antibody ...
Nowicki Theodore S TS Department of Microbiology and Immunology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, - - 2010
We analyzed the expression of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and normal thyroid tissue and examined in vitro how uPA and uPAR contribute to an invasive/metastatic phenotype, and the functional consequences of inhibiting this system. Retrospective chart review of PTC patients, followed ...
Zeng Xiaowei - - 2011
Recently, we have developed a multiscale soft matter model for stem cells or primitive cells in general, aiming at improving the understanding of mechanotransduction mechanism of cells that is responsible for information exchange between cells and their extracellular environment. In this paper, we report the preliminary results of our research ...
Sugita Sunao - - 2010
To determine whether retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells can inhibit B-cell activation in vitro. Primary cultured RPE cells were established from normal C57BL/6 mice. Activated target B cells were established from splenic B cells stimulated with anti-mouse CD40 antibody and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence of recombinant interleukin 4 (rIL-4). ...
Syed Ismail I Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, United - - 2010
The phagocytic NADPH oxidase [NOX] has been implicated in the generation of superoxides in the pancreatic beta-cell. Herein, using normal rat islets and clonal INS 832/13 cells, we tested the hypothesis that activation of the small G-protein Rac1, which is a member of the NOX holoenzyme, is necessary for palmitate ...
Bhana Bashir - - 2010
Adult cardiomyocytes (CM) retain little capacity to regenerate, which motivates efforts to engineer heart tissues that can emulate the functional and mechanical properties of native myocardium. Although the effects of matrix stiffness on individual CM have been explored, less attention was devoted to studies at the monolayer and the tissue ...
Baltar Federico - - 2010
To investigate the effects of mesoscale eddies on prokaryotic assemblage structure and activity, we sampled two cyclonic eddies (CEs) and two anticyclonic eddies (AEs) in the permanent eddy-field downstream the Canary Islands. The eddy stations were compared with two far-field (FF) stations located also in the Canary Current, but outside ...
Devy Jérôme - - 2011
Quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridines such as fagaronine are natural substances which have been reported to exhibit anticancer and anti-leukemic properties. However, the therapeutic use of these molecules is limited due to the high dose required to exhibit anti-tumor activity and subsequent toxicity. In this study, we describe the therapeutic potential of a ...
Seimetz Diane - - 2010
Catumaxomab is a trifunctional antibody (trAb) characterized by its unique ability to bind three different cell types: tumor cells, T-cells, and accessory cells. It has two different antigen-binding specificities: one for epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) on tumor cells and one for the CD3 antigen on T-cells. Catumaxomab also binds ...
Gao Ling-Juan - - 2011
Decay-accelerating factor (DAF) is one of the key molecules involved in cell protection against autologous complement, which restricts the action of complement at critical stages of the cascade reaction. The effect of DAF on the survival of human cervical cancer cell (ME180) has not been demonstrated. In this study we ...
Qin Haixia - - 2010
In primary bovine adrenal glomerulosa cells, the signaling enzyme phospholipase D (PLD) is suggested to mediate priming, the enhancement of aldosterone secretion after pretreatment with and removal of angiotensin II (AngII), via the formation of persistently elevated diacylglycerol (DAG). To further explore PLD's role in priming, glomerulosa cells were pretreated ...
Vine Kara L - - 2010
A urokinase targeting conjugate of 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5-FUdr) was synthesized and tested for tumor-cell selective cytotoxicity in vitro. The 5-FUdr prodrug 2'-deoxy-5-fluoro-3'-O-(3-carboxypropanoyl)uridine (5-FUdrsuccOH) containing an ester-labile succinate linker was attached to the specific urokinase inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor type II (PAI-2) and was found to preferentially kill urokinase-over expressing cancer cells. ...
Tobar Nicolas - - 2010
TGF-beta1 has been postulated as a pro-oncogenic factor in the late step of the tumoral progression. In transformed cells, TGF-beta1 enhances the capacity to degrade the extracellular matrix, cell invasiveness and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which are crucial steps for metastasis. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) are critical components ...
An Eunkyung - - 2010
PURPOSE. To define the role of the serine protease HTRA1 in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by examining its expression level and identifying its potential substrates in the context of primary RPE cell extracellular milieu. METHODS. Primary RPE cell cultures were established from human donor eyes and screened for CFH, ARMS2, ...
Carter J C JC Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2010
Activation of tumor cell-associated coagulation and plasminogen activator pathways occurs in malignant disease processes, including breast cancer, and may promote metastatic activity. To compare the coagulation and plasminogen activator pathways of normal and metastatic cells, we examined two cell lines from the MCF-10 family of breast cells: near-normal immortalized MCF-10A ...
Shin Sun Mi - - 2010
In response to brain injury, microglia migrate and accumulate in the affected sites, which is an important step in the regulation of inflammation and neuronal degeneration/regeneration. In this study, we investigated the effect of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) on the BV-2 microglial cell migration. At resting state, BV-2 microglial cells ...
Suzuki Kuninori - - 2010
Autophagy is a system for degradation of bulk cellular components in lytic compartments, vacuoles, or lysosomes when eukaryotic cells face with nutrient starvation. In this review, we focus on the pre-autophagosomal structure (PAS), a functional entity responsible for autophagosome formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and discuss its relevance to autophagy in ...
Tassoni Annalisa - - 2010
The earliest studies concerning polyamines (PAs) in plants were performed by using in vitro cultured explants of Helianthus tuberosus dormant tuber. This parenchyma tissue was particularly useful due to its susceptibility to several growth substances, including PAs. During tuber dormancy, PA levels are too low to sustain cell division; thus ...
Li Ting - - 2010
The aim of the study was to explore the role of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in ovarian cancer progression. This was done by investigating the effects of bFGF on both the secretion of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and the invasion of tumor cells in SKOV(3) ovarian cancer cells. Human ...
Bruno John Gordon - - 2010
Nucleic acid aptamers are regarded as rivals for antibodies and as such are being investigated for their therapeutic potential. In the present work, it is shown that two different high-affinity DNA aptamers developed previously by Ferreira et al. against MUC1 antigen (designated MUC1-5TR-1 and MUC1-S1.3/S2.2) on MCF7 breast cancer cells ...
Velve-Casquillas Guilhem - - 2010
Microfluidic technology is creating powerful tools for cell biologists to control the complete cellular microenvironment, leading to new questions and new discoveries. We review here the basic concepts and methodologies in designing microfluidic devices, and their diverse cell biological applications.
Wang Feng-qiang - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) has potent growth-regulatory effect in many cell types and has been linked to the in vivo tumor growth and metastasis in several malignancies. The goal of this study was to assess the regulation of (EC) microenvironment by LPA through the examination of its effect on cell ...
Liang Taigang - - 2010
In this study, the effects of Peucedanum praeruptorum DUNN methanolic extract (PPME) and its major constituents on SGC7901 human gastric cancer cells were evaluated. Two pyranocoumarins, namely, (±) praeruptorin A (PA) and (±) praeruptorin B (PB), were isolated from PPME. A high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed to ...
Russo Jose - - 2010
There is evidence that in the human breast there is a stem cell population that can give rise to many different cell types and have the unique potential to divide asymmetrically. In this way stem cells maintain the stem cell pool and simultaneously generate committed cells that reconstitute the organ ...
Gavert Nancy - - 2010
Understanding the progression of a primary cancer to the metastatic stage has been the focus of extensive research for years. Commonly accepted concepts in this process (i.e., that of genetic instability and loss of normal cellular constraints on growth and motility) are well established. Other important paradigms, such as the ...
Dittel Bonnie N - - 2010
The purification of immune cell populations is often required in order to study their unique functions. In particular, molecular approaches such as real-time PCR and microarray analysis require the isolation of cell populations with high purity. Commonly used purification strategies include fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS), magnetic bead separation and ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >