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Results 201 - 250 of 1330
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Rajalingam Krishnaraj - - 2011
The sixth edition of the biannual 'At the Joint Edge of Cellular Microbiology & Cell Biology' meeting took place in October 2010 in Krakow with the support of EMBO. The meeting highlighted that research at the interface between cell biology and microbiology continues to bloom, and that cell biologists still ...
Sellheyer Klaus - - 2011
Background: Biopsies submitted to dermatopathologists are becoming increasingly smaller in size and thus the available diagnostic material is reduced. The distinction between trichoepithelioma and basal cell carcinoma remains challenging, particularly if tissue is limited. Merkel cells, which can be highlighted by means of cytokeratin-20 (CK20) immunostaining, are used as a ...
Lee Wong Cheng - - 2011
Efficient synchronization and selection of cells at different stages of the cell replication cycle facilitates both fundamental research and development of cell cycle-targeted therapies. Current chemical-based synchronization methods are unfavorable as these can disrupt cell physiology and metabolism. Microfluidic systems developed for physical cell separation offer a potential alternative over ...
Chen Xiaoli - - 2011
Our previous studies showed that CD133, EpCAM, and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) are useful markers to identify cancer stem cells (CSCs) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. The present study aims to evaluate chemosensitivity and invasion capability of HCC based on CSC marker profiles, and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. Hepatoma ...
Leydon Ciara C Brooklyn College, New York, NY, - - 2011
Epithelial homeostasis is critical for vocal fold health, yet little is known about the cells that support epithelial self-renewal. As a known characteristic of stem cells is that they are slow-cycling in vivo, the purpose of this prospective controlled study was to identify and quantify slow-cycling cells or putative stem ...
Zhang Yi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) is an anti-tumor agent that can induce differentiation in human cancer cells. Recent evidence indicates that side population (SP) cells possess characteristics of stem-like cells, and may be capable of initiating tumor growth. AIMS: The present study investigated the differentiation of cancer stem-like cells derived from hepatocellular ...
Grafi Gideon - - 2011
Plant response to various stress conditions often results in expression of common genes, known as stress-responsive/inducible genes. Accumulating data point to a common, yet elusive process underlying the response of plant cells to stress. Evidence derived from transcriptome profiling of shoot apical meristem stem cells, dedifferentiating protoplast cells as well ...
Liu Gang - - 2011
Cell-based cancer immunotherapy represents a new and powerful weapon in the arsenal of anticancer treatments. Non-invasive monitoring of the disposition, migration and destination of therapeutic cells will facilitate the development of cell based therapy. The therapeutic cells can be modified intrinsically by a reporter gene or labeled extrinsically by introducing ...
Mendelson Jonathan J School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2011
Esophageal adenocarcinoma is often considered to arise from a clonal stem-like population of cells, which is potentially responsible for its poor prognosis. Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and Notch signaling pathways play important roles in regulating self-renewal of stem cells and cell-fate determination. Both pathways are frequently implicated in gastrointestinal ...
Bex Axel - - 2011
Treatment for patients with metastatic non-clear cell renal cancer (RCC), who constitute 25% of all RCC patients, is largely undefined and tested algorithms remain unsatisfactory. Response rates to targeted therapy are not as high as in patients with clear cell subtypes, but novel agents provide a clinically meaningful response in ...
Yucel Gozde G Program in Epithelial Biology, Stanford University, School of Medicine, CA 94305, - - 2011
Directed cell migration polarizes the cytoskeleton, allowing the cell to move toward migratory cues. In this issue, Wu et al. (2011) demonstrate that the glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) controls microtubule architecture and polarized movement of skin stem cells during wound healing in mammals by regulating the microtubule crosslinking protein ACF7.
Keefer Carol L - - 2011
Elasticity and visco-elasticity are mechanical properties of cells which directly reflect cellular composition, internal structure (cytoskeleton), and external interactions (cell-cell and/or cell-surface). A variety of techniques involving probing, pulling, or deforming cells have been used to characterize these mechanical properties. With continuing advances in the technology, it may be possible ...
Hübner Stefan - - 2011
This review summarizes recent advances in histochemistry and cell biology which complement and extend our knowledge regarding various aspects of protein functions, cell and tissue biology, employing appropriate in vivo model systems in conjunction with established and novel approaches. In this context several non-expected results and discoveries were obtained which ...
Shamah Steven M - - 2011
Biosensor technologies that have been primarily used in the past for characterizing biomolecular interactions are now being used to develop new approaches for performing cell-based assays. Biosensors monitor cell attachment to a transducer surface, and thus provide information that is fundamentally different from that provided by microscopy, as the sensor ...
Miller Eric D ED Department of Biomedical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2011
We investigated how engineered gradients of exogenous growth factors, immobilized to an extracellular matrix material, influence collective guidance of stem cell populations over extended time (>1 day) and length (>1 mm) scales in vitro. Patterns of low-to-high, high-to-low, and uniform concentrations of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor were inkjet ...
Trevors J T - - 2011
Currently, there are no agreed upon mechanisms and supporting evidence for the origin of the first microbial cells on the Earth. However, some hypotheses have been proposed with minimal supporting evidence and experimentation/observations. The approach taken in this article is that life originated at the nano- and molecular levels of ...
Parolini O - - 2011
Recent years have seen considerable advances in our knowledge of the biology and properties of stem/progenitor cells isolated from placental tissues. This has encouraged researchers to address the potential effects of these cells in animal models of different diseases, resulting in increasing expectations regarding their possible utility for cell-based therapeutic ...
Skalnikova Helena - - 2011
Within a mammalian organism, the interaction among cells both at short and long distances is mediated by soluble factors released by cells into the extracellular environment. The secreted proteins may involve extracellular matrix proteins, proteinases, growth factors, protein hormones, immunoregulatory cytokines, chemokines or other bioactive molecules that have a direct ...
Snijder Berend - - 2011
Single-cell measurements and lineage-tracing experiments are revealing that phenotypic cell-to-cell variability is often the result of deterministic processes, despite the existence of intrinsic noise in molecular networks. In most cases, this determinism represents largely uncharacterized molecular regulatory mechanisms, which places the study of cell-to-cell variability in the realm of molecular ...
Yin Bo - - 2011
The presence of arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) potentiates prostate cancer (PCa) progression and therefore may be a good therapeutic target and/or a potential diagnostic predictor for PCa. In this study, we examined the expression of 12-LOX in PCa stem cells (PCa SCs) to test if it can serve as a unique ...
Sun Shuyang - - 2011
c-Met, the tyrosine kinase receptor for hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), is overexpressed in a variety of tumors in which it plays a central role in malignant transformation. Although c-Met has also been determined to be a critical signaling molecule in normal stem cell function, the potential role of c-Met as ...
Rinkevich Baruch - - 2011
Despite several decades of extensive research efforts, there is yet no single permanent cell line available from marine invertebrates as these cells stop dividing in vitro within 24-72 h after their isolation, starting cellular quiescence. This ubiquitous quiescent state should be modified in a way that at least some of the ...
Amoedo Nivea D - - 2011
Recent results obtained from research on the intermediary metabolism of tumor cells have uncovered the biochemical reprogramming that takes place upon malignant transformation. Many features have been highlighted that are currently being exploited for specific chemotherapy. Many more will become available shortly as a consequence of the recognition of potentially ...
Arnhold S - - 2011
Amniotic fluid (AF) has become an interesting source of fetal stem cells. However, AF contains heterogeneous and multiple, partially differentiated cell types. After isolation from the amniotic fluid, cells were characterized regarding their morphology and growth dynamics. They were sorted by magnetic associated cell sorting using the surface marker CD ...
Krens S F Gabby - - 2011
During the development of multicellular organisms, cell fate specification is followed by the sorting of different cell types into distinct domains from where the different tissues and organs are formed. Cell sorting involves both the segregation of a mixed population of cells with different fates and properties into distinct domains, ...
Eisenmann David M - - 2011
Comment on: Banerjee D, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4748-65.
Yang Michael T - - 2011
We describe the use of a microfabricated cell culture substrate, consisting of a uniform array of closely spaced, vertical, elastomeric microposts, to study the effects of substrate rigidity on cell function. Elastomeric micropost substrates are micromolded from silicon masters comprised of microposts of different heights to yield substrates of different ...
Reymond Luc - - 2011
The development of molecular probes to visualize cellular processes is an important challenge in chemical biology. One possibility to create such cellular indicators is based on the selective labeling of proteins with synthetic probes in living cells. Over the last years, our laboratory has developed different labeling approaches for monitoring ...
Zaidi M Raza - - 2011
Cell type-specific expression of fluorescent proteins allows the purification of rare cells from complex -tissues by flow cytometry. This strategy is especially useful for molecular analysis of cancer cells because these cells can be effectively purified away from the noncancerous tumor stroma. Coexpression of bioluminescence with fluorescence makes further allows ...
Shah Bhranti S - - 2011
Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconductor nanocrystals, and recently they have been shown as effective probes for cell labeling. Due to their unique spectral, physical, and chemical properties, QDs can concurrently tag multiple intercellular and intracellular components of live cells for time ranging from seconds to months. Different color QDs can ...
Faccio Ricardo - - 2011
Here, we intend to review those patents related with the technology of dye sensitized solar cells. In particular we discuss patents and papers that enable metal oxide layer to be more controllable and feasible for applications, and new and innovative dyes, sensitizers and electrolytes with promising features. Finally various methods ...
Daignan-Fornier Bertrand - - 2011
The vast majority of cells, from prokaryotes up to vertebrate organisms, spend most of their time in quiescence, a state defined as a temporary and reversible absence of proliferation. Establishing the quiescent state while maintaining the capacity to re-enter the proliferation cycle are critical for cell survival and must be ...
Moon Sangjun - - 2011
Technologies that rapidly isolate viable single cells from heterogeneous solutions have significantly contributed to the field of medical genomics. Challenges remain both to enable efficient extraction, isolation and patterning of single cells from heterogeneous solutions as well as to keep them alive during the process due to a limited degree ...
Pringle Sarah - - 2011
Mature salivary glands of both human and mouse origin comprise a minimum of five cell types, each of which facilitates the production and excretion of saliva into the oral cavity. Serous and mucous acinar cells are the protein and mucous producing factories of the gland respectively, and represent the origin ...
Song Zhou - - 2011
Abnormal activation of the Sonic hedgehog (SHH) pathway has been described in a wide variety of human cancers and in cancer stem cells (CSCs), however, the role of SHH pathway in gastric CSCs has not been reported. In this study, we investigated the possibility that abnormal activation of the SHH ...
Thomson Stuart - - 2011
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important contributor to the invasion and metastasis of epithelial-derived cancers. While considerable effort has focused in the regulators involved in the transition process, we have focused on consequences of EMT to prosurvival signaling. Changes in distinct metastable and 'epigentically-fixed' EMT states were measured by correlation ...
Bieberich Erhard E Program in Developmental Neurobiology, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, School of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, 1120 15th Street Room CA4012, Augusta, GA 30912, - - 2011
In the last two decades, the view on the function of ceramide as a sole metabolic precursor for other sphingolipids has completely changed. A plethora of studies has shown that ceramide is an important lipid cell-signaling factor regulating apoptosis in a variety of cell types. With the advent of new ...
Eglen Richard - - 2010
Abstract Many drug discovery screening programs employ immortalized cells, recombinantly engineered to express a defined molecular target. Several technologies are now emerging that render it feasible to employ more physiologically, and clinically relevant, cell phenotypes. Consequently, numerous approaches use primary cells, which retain many functions seen in vivo, as well ...
Götte Martin - - 2010
The RNA-binding protein Musashi-1 has been proposed to maintain stem cell function during development and regenerative processes as a modulator of the Notch-1 signalling pathway. Musashi-1 expression is upregulated in endometrial carcinoma, however, its pathogenetic role in this tumor entity is unknown. Here we investigate the functional impact and mode ...
Lim Young Chang YC Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Republic of - - 2011
A subpopulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), but not the majority of non-tumorigenic cancer cells, in a variety of human malignancies plays a critical role in cancer cell proliferation, invasion, metastasis, and tumor recurrence post-therapies. We report the isolation of sphere-forming cells (squamospheres) from primary head and neck squamous cell ...
Bose Suman - - 2010
Cell rolling on the vascular endothelium plays an important role in trafficking of leukocytes, stem cells, and cancer cells. We describe a semianalytical model of cell rolling that focuses on the microvillus as the unit of cell-substrate interaction and integrates microvillus mechanics, receptor clustering, force-dependent receptor-ligand kinetics, and cortical tension ...
Da Sacco Stefano - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Amniotic fluid, due to its contact to the fetus during development, is considered an important diagnostic tool to evaluate the health status of the fetus during pregnancy. However, amniotic fluid also contains a heterogeneous cellular population that can be safely collected by amniocentesis and easily cultured. Many ...
Conduit Paul T PT Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, - - 2010
Centrosomes comprise a pair of centrioles surrounded by an amorphous network of pericentriolar material (PCM). In certain stem cells, the two centrosomes differ in size, and this appears to be important for asymmetric cell division [1, 2]. In some cases, centrosome asymmetry is linked to centriole age because the older, ...
Chen Hui - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), CD133+ cells were found to display cancer stem cell (CSC) characteristics. BMI1 is an oncogene that plays key roles in proliferation in CSCs. However, no published reports have examined the role of BMI1 in laryngeal CSCs. METHODS: Immunofluorescence staining confirmed the coexpression of ...
Wang Huanzhong - - 2010
Stems of dicotyledonous plants consist of an outer epidermis, a cortex, a ring of secondarily thickened vascular bundles and interfascicular cells, and inner pith parenchyma cells with thin primary walls. It is unclear how the different cell layers attain and retain their identities. Here, we show that WRKY transcription factors ...
Ghosh Moumita - - 2011
Tissue-specific stem cell (TSC) behavior is determined by the stem cell niche. However, delineation of the TSC-niche interaction requires purification of both entities. We reasoned that the niche could be defined by the location of the TSC. We demonstrate that a single CD49f(bright)/Sca1(+)/ALDH(+) basal cell generates rare label-retaining cells and ...
Wang Ning - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most malignant human tumors and one of the risk factors is its highly metastatic property. Coptidis Rhizoma aqueous extract (CRAE) is able to suppress the migration and invasion of HCC cells, MHCC97-L, and F-actin reorganization and Rho signaling inhibition is involved. CRAE was ...
Qi Shiqin - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to sort side population (SP) cells from the neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cell line and to systematically investigate whether this population has stem cell characteristics. Side population and non-SP cells were separated from the SK-N-SH cell line by flow cytometry, and their morphologic characteristics were analyzed ...
Gavert Nancy - - 2011
Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is common in most sporadic and inherited colorectal cancer (CRC) cells leading to elevated β-catenin/TCF transactivation. We previously identified the neural cell adhesion molecule L1 as a target gene of β-catenin/TCF in CRC cells. Forced expression of L1 confers increased cell motility, invasion, and tumorigenesis, ...
Doeuvre Loïc - - 2010
Cell activation by stressors is characterized by a sequence of detectable phenotypic cell changes. A given stimulus, depending on its strength, induces modifications in the activity of membrane phospholipid transporters and calpains, which lead to phosphatidylserine exposure, membrane blebbing and the release of microparticles (nanoscale membrane vesicles). This vesiculation could ...
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