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Liang Yijian Y State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
High-throughput measurement of huntingtin (Htt) levels is useful for Huntington's disease research. For example, identification of genetic or chemical modifiers that reduce Htt levels by high-throughput screening provides promising strategy for HD drug discovery. In the human cells, high-throughput measurement of Htt levels has been established based on the Time ...
Gorden Brandi H BH Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55108, - - 2014
Human angiosarcoma and canine hemangiosarcoma are thought to arise from vascular tissue or vascular forming cells based upon their histological appearance. However, recent evidence indicates a hematopoietic or angioblastic cell of origin for these tumors. In support of this idea, we previously identified an endothelial-myeloid progenitor cell population with high ...
Kelesidis Theodoros T Department of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
Current cell-based assays for determining the functional properties of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) have limitations. We report here the development of a new, robust fluorometric cell-free biochemical assay that measures HDL lipid peroxidation (HDLox) based on the oxidation of the fluorochrome Amplex Red. HDLox correlated with previously validated cell-based (r = 0.47, p<0.001) ...
Wagner Andrej A Department of Internal Medicine I, Paracelsus Medical University/Salzburger Landeskliniken (SALK), Muellner Hauptstrasse 48, Salzburg 5020, Austria. - - 2014
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a palliative treatment option for unresectable hilar biliary tract cancer (BTC) showing a considerable benefit for survival and quality of life with few side effects. Currently, factors determining the cellular response of BTC cells towards PDT are unknown. Due to their multifaceted nature, microRNAs (miRs) are ...
Knudsen Jan Dines JD Division of Applied Microbiology, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, Lund, 221 00, SE, - - 2014
A reporter system was constructed to measure perturbations in the NADH/NAD(+) co-factor balance in yeast, by using the green fluorescent protein gene under the control of the GPD2 promoter that is induced under conditions of excess of NADH. High fluorescence levels were obtained in a glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase double deletion ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105602.].
Chen Liping L Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hainan Branch of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Sanya 572004, Hainan Province, - - 2013
The Chinese herb Shuyusan, whose main constituent is jasminoidin, has been shown to protect SH-SY5Y cells against corticosterone-induced damage. SH-SY5Y cells injured by 400 μmol/L corticosterone were treated with 5 and 30 μg/mL Shuyusan-containing serum. Results revealed that Shuyusan-containing serum elevated the survival rate of SH-SY5Y cells, reduced Bax expression, ...
Lainioti G Ch - - 2012
The technique of reversed-flow gas chromatography (RFGC) was employed for the determination of the alcoholic fermentation phases and of kinetic parameters for free and immobilized cell systems, at different initial glucose concentrations and temperature values. In addition to this, due to its considerable advantages over other techniques, RFGC was used ...
Miao Qingqing - - 2012
A radioactive probe (1) has been developed and applied to a condensation reaction and self-assembly of radioactive nanoparticles (i.e., (125)I-NPs) intracellularly. Upon 160 min cellular efflux, the radioactivity retained in cells incubated with 1 was 4-fold more higher than that of those cells treated with a scrambled control probe (1-Scr).
Wang Peng-Yuan - - 2012
Topographic cues have been recognized crucial on the modulation of cell behavior, and subsequent important for the design of implants, cell-based biomedical devices and tissue-engineered products. Grooved topography direct cells to align anisotropically on the substrates, resulting in an obvious morphological difference compared with the flat and the other topographies. ...
Carlin Viviane - - 2012
Abstract The aim of the present study was comparatively evaluate genomic damage (micronucleus) and cellular death (pyknosis, karyolysis and karyorrhexis) in exfoliated oral mucosa cells from hairdressers using two different anatomic buccal sites: cheek mucosa and lateral border of the tongue. A total of 28 hairdressers and 30 health controls ...
Nguyen Khanh K Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2013
Currently, the most severe limitation to applying RNA interference technology is delivery, including localizing the molecules to a specific site of interest to target a specific cell population and sustaining the presentation of these molecules for a controlled period of time. In this study, we engineered a functionalized, biodegradable system ...
Sachar Ashneet - - 2012
An in-depth understanding of the interactions between cells and three-dimensional (3D) matrices (scaffolds) is pivotal to the development of novel biomaterials for tissue regeneration. However, it remains a challenge to find suitable biomimetic substrates and tools to observe cell-material and cell-cell interactions on 3D matrices. In the present study, we ...
Proksch Susanne - - 2012
When prospectively applied for regenerative therapies, human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) interact with the locally residing host cells. With respect to the developmentally particular origin of oral cells, little is known about the putatively discriminative behavioural responses of hMSCs in interaction with various oral cell types, including human ...
Chen Bifeng - - 2012
A selective and sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) detection was synthesized and evaluated in PBS buffer and fetal bovine serum. The effect of pH on the probe was also studied. In addition, visualization of H(2)S in Hela cells was achieved using confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy.
Zhou Rui - - 2012
A hydrated gel-like pericellular matrix (PCM) covers the surface of all eukaryotic cells and plays a key role in many cellular events, but its effect on nanoparticle internalization has not been studied. Here, using cells with various PCM thicknesses and gold nanoparticles as probes, we demonstrate that, rather than being ...
Martinez Inigo - - 2012
The exact contribution of transplanted chondrocytes for cartilage tissue repair prior expansion in monolayer cultures remains undetermined. At our laboratory we have created a new permeable chamber to study the chondrogenesis of de-differentiated cells implanted ectopically in a closed and controlled environment. The behavior of chondrocytes has been studied in ...
Madanayake T W TW Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, - - 2012
Cytochromes P450 (P450s) contribute to the metabolic activation and inactivation of various endogenous substrates. Despite years of research, the physiological role of CYP2S1 remains unknown. CYP2S1 has demonstrated NADPH P450-reductase-independent metabolism of cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostaglandins [e.g., prostaglandin G(2) (PGG(2))] at nanomolar concentrations. Arachidonic acid is converted to prostaglandin precursors [PGG(2) ...
Zink Christian - - 2012
Surface gradients facilitate rapid, high-throughput, systematic investigations in cell biology, materials science, and other fields. An important surface parameter is the surface roughness on both the micrometer and nanometer scales in the lateral direction. Two approaches have been combined to create two-dimensional roughness gradients by adding a nanoparticle density gradient ...
Zhou Xiongtu - - 2012
Cells display contact guidance when cultured on topographical cues. By combining standard photolithography, nanoimprint lithography, and soft lithography, we produced sophisticated patterns on two levels, including crossing microgrooves with different depth/spacing and microgrooves with superimposed submicrometer features. The results show that for narrowly spaced microgrooves, the contact guidance is more ...
Shon Won-Jun - - 2012
In regard to biological properties of endodontic sealers, there are many characteristics that should be considered. The aim of this study was to examine the biological effects of new calcium phosphate-based root canal sealers, CAPSEAL I and CAPSEAL II (CPS), on human periodontal fibroblast cells by examining the expression levels ...
Rane Tushar D TD Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2012
In this article we present a novel droplet microfluidic chip enabling amplification-free detection of single pathogenic cells. The device streamlines multiple functionalities to carry out sample digitization, cell lysis, probe-target hybridization for subsequent fluorescent detection. A peptide nucleic acid fluorescence resonance energy transfer probe (PNA beacon) is used to detect ...
Sinthuvanich Chomdao - - 2012
Iterative peptide design was used to generate two peptide-based hydrogels to study the effect of network electrostatics on primary chondrocyte behavior. MAX8 and HLT2 peptides have formal charge states of +7 and +5 per monomer, respectively. These peptides undergo triggered folding and self-assembly to afford hydrogel networks having similar rheological ...
Chang M-C - - 2012
Chang MC, Tsai YL, Chen YW, Chan CP, Huang CF, Lan WC, Lin CC, Lan WH, Jeng JH. Butyrate induces reactive oxygen species production and affects cell cycle progression in human gingival fibroblasts. J Periodont Res 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2012.01504.x. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  Short-chain ...
Lourenço Bianca N - - 2012
Surface wettability and topography are recognized as critical factors influencing cell behavior on biomaterials. So far only few works have reported cell responses on surfaces exhibiting extreme wettability in combination with surface topography. The goal of this work is to study whether cell behavior on superhydrophobic surfaces is influenced by ...
Myochin Takuya - - 2012
Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence probes are especially useful for simple and noninvasive in vivo imaging inside the body because of low autofluorescence and high tissue transparency in the NIR region compared with other wavelength regions. But, existing NIR fluorescence probes for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are tumor, atherosclerosis, and inflammation markers, ...
Hong Sungmin - - 2012
We have developed an integrated microfluidic material processing chip and demonstrated the rapid production of collagen microspheres encapsulating cells with high uniformity and cell viability. The chip integrated three material processing steps. Monodisperse microdroplets were generated at a microfluidic T junction between aqueous and mineral oil flows. The flow was ...
Koizumi Koji - - 2012
A key question in developmental biology is how cellular patterns are created and maintained. During the formation of the Arabidopsis root, the endodermis, middle cortex (MC), and cortex are produced by periclinal cell divisions that occur at different positions and at different times in root development. The endodermis and cortex ...
Pendegrass Catherine Jane - - 2012
Amputation places a significant burden on healthcare systems worldwide as patients suffer life-long complications associated with the stump-socket interface. Skin penetrating, osseointegrated implants like intraosseous transcutaneous amputation prostheses, could overcome this, however, they rely on the formation and maintenance of an infection-free seal at the skin-implant interface. Epithelial cell migration ...
Kim Eun Sun - - 2012
Establishing probe-based analysis is important for developing multi-photon microscopy (MPM) to make an early diagnosis of colon neoplasm and assess its antioxidant status. Cu(I) and Zn(II) ions are trace elements which roll as cofactors of antioxidant, superoxide dismutase. However, there have been no reports on the features of MPM image ...
Bilginer Sinan - - 2012
Two series of 1-(3-aminomethyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyridinyl-2-propen-1-ones, designed as novel cytotoxins, were synthesized. The compounds had low CC(50) values in the micromolar range against HL-60 promyelocytic leukemic cells and HSC-2, HSC-3 and HSC-4 oral squamous cell carcinomas. The CC(50) values of these compounds were higher towards non-malignant HGF (gingival fibroblasts), HPC (pulp cells), ...
Smith J G - - 2012
The present study aimed to determine whether dentine tissue and preparations of extracellular matrix (ECM) from pulp (pECM) and dentine (dECM), and breakdown products, influenced pulp cell migration. Chemotaxis transwell and agarose spot assays demonstrated that both dentine and pulp ECM molecules acted as chemoattractants for primary pulp cells. Chemoattractant ...
Dowling Enda P EP Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, National University of Ireland, University Road, Galway, Republic of - - 2012
The biomechanisms that govern the response of chondrocytes to mechanical stimuli are poorly understood. In this study, a series of in vitro tests are performed, in which single chondrocytes are subjected to shear deformation by a horizontally moving probe. Dramatically different probe force-indentation curves are obtained for untreated cells and ...
Sharma Lalit Kumar - - 2012
Probing the unknown: The immunoproteasome, an alternative form of the constitutive proteasome, has been implicated in a number of pathological states such as cancer and autoimmune diseases. In an effort to understand the role of the immunoproteasome in cells, the first immunoproteasome-specific near-infrared fluorescent probe has been developed.
Jiang Jie - - 2012
A highly sensitive and selective fluorescent probe for inorganic and organic mercury species displays colorimetric and ratiometric response in a buffer solution via mercury promoted cleavage reaction. The probe is demonstrated to detect CH(3)HgCl in living cells.
Wu Yan - - 2012
Soil water shortages can decrease root hydraulic conductivity and affect Ca uptake and movement through the plant. In this study, the effects of extra Ca(2+) applied in nutrient solution on the hydraulic properties of the whole roots (Lp(r)) and cortical cells (Lp(cell)) of maize (Zea mays L.) subjected to variable ...
Fernando Denise R - - 2012
Plant manganese (Mn) hyperaccumulation provides unusual insight into homeostasis of this essential micronutrient, in particular its excessive storage in shoot tissues. The compartmentation of hyperaccumulated foliar Mn appears exceptional among metal hyperaccumulators, since it occurs via specific microdistribution patterns. Here, three associated Mn hyperaccumulators, Virotia neurophylla, Maytenus fournieri, and Garcinia ...
Guan Li-Yun - - 2012
In this paper, we prepared three types of transferrin-quantum dots conjugates (QDs-Tf) using three different methods (electrostatic interaction, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) coupling, denatured transferrin (dTf) coating). Fluorescence emission spectra, surface characteristics, zeta potentials of quantum dots (QDs) and QDs-Tf fluorescent probes were characterized by spectrophotometer, capillary electrophoresis, and dynamic light ...
Fan Jiangli - - 2012
Hydrazine is an important industrial chemical but also very toxic thus requiring rapid detection agents. A ratiometric fluorescence probe that enables rapid, low-limit and naked-eye detection is successfully designed and used for hydrazine determination in live cells.
Yasumitsu Tatsuki - - 2012
Probe-type ultrasonication has been employed for surfactant-aided solubilization, or individualization, of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The resulting solution can be used not only for spectroscopic analyses such as absorption, photoluminescence, and circular dichroism, but also for separation by density gradient ultracentrifugation, dielectrophoresis, chromatography, and polymer wrapping. In spite of its ...
Luo Houyong - - 2012
Bottom-up approaches have emerged as a new philosophy in tissue engineering, enabling precise control over tissue morphogenesis at the cellular level. We previously prepared large bone-like tissues using cell-laden microbeads (microtissues) by following a modular approach to ensure cell viability. However, a long-term culture of such avascular macroscopic tissues (macrotissues) ...
Ventre Maurizio - - 2012
The development of novel biomaterials able to control cell activities and direct their fate is warranted for engineering functional biological tissues, advanced cell culture systems, single-cell diagnosis as well as for cell sorting and differentiation. It is well established that crosstalk at the cell-material interface occurs and this has a ...
Yu Fabiao - - 2012
We describe the synthesis, properties, and application of two reversible fluorescent probes, mCy-TemOH and Cy-TemOH, for HOBr sensing and imaging in live cells. The two probes contain a hydroxylamine functional group for the monitoring of HOBr oxidation/ascorbic acid reduction events. Confocal fluorescence microscopy has established the HOBr detection in live-cells.
Liao Ying-Chih - - 2012
A new approach is presented to control cell attachment behavior on biocompatible substrates. Multiple layers of polylactic acid (PLA) were inkjet-printed on dry alginate films to create composite surfaces with rigidity variation. The printed films were submerged in cell culture medium and fibroblast 3T3-L1 cells were cultured on the printed ...
Digonnet Catherine - - 2012
The compatible interaction between the model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, and the GMI1000 strain of the phytopathogenic bacterium, Ralstonia solanacearum, was investigated in an in vitro pathosystem. We describe the progression of the bacteria in the root from penetration at the root surface to the xylem vessels and the cell type-specific, ...
Han Pingping - - 2012
Lithium (Li) has been widely used as a long-term mood stabilizer in the treatment of bipolar and depressive disorders. Li(+) ions are thought to enhance the remyelination of peripheral nerves and also stimulate the proliferation of neural progenitor cells and retinoblastoma cells via activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. Until ...
Ignatova Milena - - 2012
Nanofibrous polylactide-based materials loaded with a natural polyphenolic compound gossypol (GOS) with antitumor properties were prepared by electrospinning. The nanofibrous materials were coated with a thin film of crosslinked quaternized chitosan (QCh). GOS incorporated in the nanofibrous mats was in the amorphous state. GOS release was diffusion-controlled and its in ...
Na Zhenkun - - 2012
A microarray immobilized with 105 aldehyde-containing small molecules was screened against mammalian cell lysates over-expressing cathepsin L to identify two potent inhibitors, which were subsequently converted into cell-permeable probes capable of live-cell imaging of endogenous cysteinyl cathepsin activities by two-photon fluorescence microscopy.
Nelson J - - 2012
Oral Diseases (2012) Saliva plays a major role in maintaining oral health. Patients afflicted with a decrease in saliva secretion (symptomatically, xerostomia) exhibit difficulty in chewing and swallowing foods, tooth decay, periodontal disease, and microbial infections. Despite recent improvements in treating xerostomia (e.g., saliva stimulants, saliva substitutes, and gene therapy), ...
Kaku Masaru M Dental Research Center, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. - - 2012
Cells derived from the neural crest (NC) contribute to the development of several adult tissues, including tooth and periodontal tissue. Here, two transgenic lines, Wnt1-Cre/ZEG and P0-Cre/ZEG, were analysed to determine the fate and distribution of neural crest cells (NCCs) in adult mouse periodontal ligament (PDL). Paraffin-embedded and decalcified histology ...
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