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Results 451 - 500 of 1310
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Zhang L - - 2003
Recently, we showed that localization of Glu-plasminogen on cell surfaces enhances its conversion to Lys-plasminogen by exogenous plasmin. This leads to stimulation of plasminogen activation because Lys-plasminogen is the preferred substrate on cell surfaces. Here, we show that Glu-plasminogen was converted to Lys-plasminogen on monocytoid cells in the absence of ...
Le Duc M - - 2003
The presence of reactive astrocytes around glioma cells in the CNS suggests the possibility that these two cell types could be interacting. We addressed whether glioma cells use the astrocyte environment to modulate matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), a proteolytic enzyme implicated in the invasiveness of glioma cells. We found that astrocytes ...
Hirashima Yasuyuki - - 2003
The processes of ovarian cancer dissemination are characterized by altered local proteolysis, cellular proliferation, cell attachment, and invasion, suggesting that the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific inhibitor (plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1)) could be involved in the pathogenesis of peritoneal dissemination. We showed previously that expression of uPA ...
Meilhac Olivier - - 2003
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) rarefaction is involved in the development of several vascular pathologies. We suggest that the plasminogen activation system is a potential extracellular signal that can induce pericellular proteolysis and apoptosis of vascular SMCs. Using primary cultures of arterial SMCs, we show that plasmin generated from plasminogen on ...
Aisa Maria Cristina - - 2003
Active cathepsin B has been found in cell extract and medium of human osteoblast-like cells and MG-63 cells. The released form is stable at neutral and alkaline pH and, in both cell types, intracellular and extracellular cathepsin B activities are increased by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). To ...
Achilles Karin - - 2003
A sensitive and specific RP-HPLC assay was developed to measure the levels of polymorphonuclear elastase (PMN-E) activity in growing cell cultures. By combining a pre-incubation of the cells with a relatively non-toxic, PMN-E-specific inhibitor, MeOSuc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-chloromethylketone (MAAPVCK), the p-nitroaniline formed by the hydrolysis of the substrate MeOSuc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-p-NA by PMN-E is quantified. ...
Tur Mehmet Kemal - - 2003
Isolation of cell-surface specific antibodies prerequisites the functional expressing of antigens on intact cells, which are maintained routinely by cell culturing. However, long-term culturing of tumor cells could alter their antigen expression patterns and stable fixation of whole cells is not guaranteed on plastic surfaces during stringent screening procedures. We ...
Franco Omar E - - 2003
Phenylacetate (PA), an aromatic fatty acid, is now undergoing evaluation as a potential anticancer reagent. Our previous study showed that PA induces cell growth inhibition in prostate cancer cells. Here, we investigated whether PA is effective against three renal cancer cell lines in vitro. The cell viability of PA-treated renal ...
Maecker Holden T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: CD81, a cell-surface protein of the tetraspanin superfamily, has been shown to costimulate T cell activation in murine T cells, and is involved in development of Th2 immune responses in mice. RESULTS: Here it is shown that stimulation of CD81 on human T cells can enhance T cell activation ...
Choi Kyu-Sil - - 2003
The defining characteristic of a tumor cell is its ability to escape the constraints imposed by neighboring cells, invade the surrounding tissue, and metastasize to distant sites. This invasive property of tumor cells is dependent on activation of proteases at the cell surface. Most cancer cells secrete the urokinase-type plasminogen ...
Miles Lindsey A - - 2003
When Glu-plasminogen, the native circulating form of the zymogen, is bound to cell surfaces, its activation is markedly enhanced compared with the reaction in solution. This results in localization of the broad-spectrum proteolytic activity of plasmin on cell surfaces. The cell-associated plasmin plays a key role in fibrinolysis, cell migration, ...
Di Certo Maria Grazia - - 2003
The human complement receptor type 2 (CR2/CD21), a transmembrane glycoprotein, associates with a variety of surface antigens and proteins in the cell membrane. We examined the possibilities that the CR2 units of CR2 complexes are associated through internal covalent links reactive with nucleophilic agents, e.g. H(2)O or methylamine, and that ...
Kobayashi Hiroshi - - 2003
Bikunin is a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, acting at the level of tumor invasion and metastasis. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of bikunin-dependent signal transduction involved in the expression of a plasminogen activator (PA) system and invasion. We report here the following. 1) The human ovarian ...
Ueyama Mamoru - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Plasminogen activators and inhibitors were quantitated in cultured human endometrial and trophoblast cells under the influence of ovarian steroids in order to investigate the role of the fibrinolytic system for trophoblast invasion and anchorage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasminogen activators (t-PA and u-PA) and their inhibitors (PAI-1 and PAI-2) secretions ...
Jiang Qijiao - - 2002
Chromaffin cells express components of the plasminogen/plasmin system, including its major activator, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), and high-affinity cellular receptors for plasminogen, which promote local concentration and activation of plasminogen at the cell surface. Our studies suggest that plasmin participates in local neuroendocrine prohormone processing and that perturbation of this ...
Li Yonghe - - 2002
The low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein 1B (LRP1B) is a newly identified member of the LDL receptor family and is closely related to LRP. It was discovered as a putative tumor suppressor and is frequently inactivated in lung cancer cells. In the present study, we used an LRP1B minireceptor ...
Peake Philip W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Activation of urinary complement proteins in situ by proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC) may contribute to the mediation of tubulointerstitial injury in patients with significant proteinuria. However, the mechanism involved is unclear, and the role of changes in urinary pH and in the concentrations of urea or ammonia requires ...
Holmdahl M - - 2002
Development of type-II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) is dependent on a T-cell mediated activation of autoreactive B cells. However, it is still unclear if B cells can present CII to T cells. To investigate the role of B cells as antigen-presenting cells (APCs) for CII, we purified B cells from ...
Valdez Yanet - - 2002
Antigen-specific B cells express major histocompatibility complex class II and can present antigen directly to T cells. Adoptive transfer experiments using transgenic B and T cells demonstrated that antigen-specific B cells can also efficiently transfer antigen to another cell for presentation to T cells in vivo. To identify the antigen-presenting ...
Scott M - - 2002
One hundred forty-two Rh-specific monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) were evaluated by serology in 27 laboratories. Evaluators were asked to test each Mab at three dilutions in specified serological techniques against normal positive and normal negative phenotype cells, and any Rh variant cells that they had available. Raw data was submitted to ...
Nezi Luigi - - 2002
Fischer rat thyroid (FRT) cells organize a matrix of extracellular fibronectin (FN) fibrils, which undergoes extensive remodeling according to cell culture confluence. In non-confluent cells FN forms a fibrillar array associated with the ventral cell surface. However, basal FN is progressively removed in confluent cultures and substituted by non-fibrillar FN ...
Siddiqui R A - - 2001
The present investigation explores the role of phosphatidic acid (PA), a specific protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) inhibitor, in cytotoxicity induced by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The cytotoxicity of DHA was assayed by quantifying cell survival using the trypan blue exclusion method. A dose-response effect demonstrated that 5 or 10 microM DHA has ...
Kodama H - - 2001
For the purpose of establishing a new adoptive immunotherapy for bile duct carcinoma (BDC), we have directed our attention to superantigens (SAgs), the most potent known activators of T lymphocytes. In our previous study, staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) was conjugated chemically with MUSE11 mAb, which recognizes the MUC1 cancer-associated antigen, ...
Sawatsri S - - 2001
The aromatic fatty acid phenylacetate (PA) and its analogs have come under intense investigation due to their ability to cause the growth arrest of a variety of neoplasia, including human breast cancer. We have determined that PA and its halide derivative 4-chlorophenylacetate (4-CPA) showed marked antiproliferative activity on 3 of ...
Chan J H - - 2001
To determine, in vitro, the effects of blood group ABO mismatching on corneal epithelial cells. Corneal epithelial cell cultures were established from 32 human cadaver donor eyes. Epithelial cells (100 microl of 4 x 10(2) cells per microl) were incubated for 4 hours with antibodies against blood group antigens A, ...
Jurianz K - - 2001
Resistance of tumor cells to lysis by complement is generally attributed to several protective mechanisms. The relative impact of these mechanisms in the same tumor cell, however, has not been assessed yet. We have analyzed the interaction of the human erythroleukemia tumor cell line K562 with human complement. K562 cells ...
Holmberg M T - - 2001
The role of fluid-phase regulators of complement is to inhibit excessive complement activation and maintain homeostasis in blood. By binding to and inactivating complement components on cell surfaces, they can also protect autologous cells from complement-mediated cytotoxicity and phagocytosis. In this study, we wanted to find out whether C4b-binding protein ...
Hendrick V - - 2001
Directed control of cell metabolism by a modification of the physicochemical conditions (presence of Na-butyrate and modification of the temperature) was used to modulate the productivity of human recombinant tissular plasminogen activator (t-PA) expressed under control of SV40 promoter in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines. We showed that both ...
Hoover-Plow J - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the plasminogen system in the development of adipose tissue. Plasminogen binding capacity was determined in differentiated and undifferentiated cells from adipose tissue of plasminogen deficient mice and 3T3 cells, a well-characterized tissue culture model. In 3T3 cells, plasminogen binding ...
Chuang J L - - 2001
Platelets release large quantities of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) that plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of fibrin-rich thrombi. In addition, tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), a key physiological regulator of fibrinolysis, has been detected in platelet alpha-granules at low abundance. This information raises the possibility of enhancing ...
Kanof M E - - 2001
This unit describes a procedure for isolating T cell populations or subpopulations using the method of indirect panning. In this method, cells are selected by their capacity to bind to antibody-coated plates on the basis of particular cell-surface markers. It is superior to the antibody/complement lysis method (also presented) because ...
Asano S - - 2001
We showed previously that pemphigus IgG enhanced both the activity of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) in cultured cells and the expression of its receptor (uPAR) on uPA-binding keratinocytes. In the present study, to clarify whether uPAR and uPA-activated plasmin are actually involved in the blistering process after pemphigus IgG binding ...
Harding C V - - 2001
Antigen-processing experiments can be performed with a wide variety of antigen-presenting cells (APCs). An important technical distinction for some types of experiments is whether the APCs are adherent or nonadherent, since this dictates the procedures that must be used to wash the cells as the medium is changed. This unit ...
Tosato G - - 2001
This unit describes the reverse hemolytic plaque assay, an effective method for measuring the number of immunoglobulin (Ig)-secreting cells present in a cell population at any particular time. Cell populations that can be assayed using the technique include peripheral blood mononuclear cells or cells from tissues such as the tonsils. ...
Nauman E A - - 2001
Although there is no consensus as to the precise nature of the mechanostimulatory signals imparted to the bone cells during remodeling, it has been postulated that deformation-induced fluid flow plays a role in the mechanotransduction pathway. In vitro, osteoblasts respond to fluid shear stress with an increase in PGE(2) production; ...
Withoff S - - 2001
This paper describes a bi-specific antibody, which was called BIS20x3. It retargets CD3varepsilon-positive cells (T-cells) to CD20-positive cells and was obtained by hybrid-hybridoma fusion. BIS20x3 could be isolated readily from quadroma culture supernatant and retained all the signalling characteristics associated with both of its chains. Cross-linking of BIS20x3 on Ramos ...
Ugwu F - - 2001
The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and fibrinolytic (plasminogen/plasmin) systems cooperate in many (patho)physiological processes requiring extracellular proteolysis. The effect of MMP-3 (stromelysin-1), MMP-7 (matrilysin), MMP-9 (gelatinase B) or MMP-12 (metalloelastase) on cellular fibrinolytic activity was studied with the use of smooth muscle cells (SMC) and fibroblasts derived from mice with specific ...
Legrand C - - 2001
To examine the effects of the uPA/plasmin system on cell migration in relation to the activation of MMP-9, we used ex vivo and in vitro wound-repair models of human bronchial epithelial cells and videomicroscopy techniques that make possible cell tracking and quantification of cell migration speeds. We observed that uPA ...
Dono M - - 2001
Human tonsillar subepithelial B cells, which are a marginal zone-equivalent B cell subset, respond readily to T-independent type 2 antigens, but not to polyclonal B cell activators in vitro. In this study, subepithelial (SE) B cells were induced to proliferate and mature into plasma cells when co-cultured with activated T ...
Chuang H - - 2001
The concept of using immobilized nucleic acid stains as detection chemistry to fabricate optical bacterial sensors is first demonstrated. SYTO 13 (a green fluorescent cell stain) is used as the molecular recognition element and fluorescent reporter in the sensor. The sensor responds to aqueous and aerosolized bacterial samples in 15 ...
Costa M - - 2001
The human tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) gene is regulated in a cell-type dependent manner. The t-PA gene is transcriptionally induced by the phorbol ester PMA in HeLa cells, but suppressed by PMA in HT-1080 cells. A cAMP responsive element (tPACRE) and a Sp-1 site located within the proximal t-PA gene ...
Lakka S S - - 2001
Urokinase-type plasminogen (uPA) activator regulates a variety of processes, including morphogenesis, cell differentiation, migration, and invasion. In previous studies, we demonstrated that uPA levels are significantly higher in anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma than in low-grade glioma and normal brain tissue. In the present study, our goal was to determine whether ...
Grunt T W - - 2001
Cellular heterogeneity of malignant tissues is a well-known phenomenon (1). Intralineal/intraclonal diversity may be explained in part by proposing the concept of a hierarchically ordered, differentiating and self-renewing stem cell system for transformed cell populations (2). However, in many solid tumors, the stem cells are not easily accessible to phenotypic ...
Svitacheva N - - 2001
Density-gradient centrifugation of bovine tracheal epithelial cell extracts revealed a 'high-density' (1.48 g/ml) sialic-acid-rich population as well as a 'low-density' (1.42 g/ml) one that reacted more strongly with a periodate-Schiff (PAS) assay. The sialic-acid-rich mucins were oligomeric molecules containing disulphide- bond-linked subunits and large glycosylated domains, whereas the PAS-reactive component ...
Sliva D - - 2001
We previously demonstrated that phosphatidic acid (PA) induces chemotactic migration of highly metastatic breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231. The widely used anticancer drug doxorubicin was reported to induce apoptosis of cancer cells. Growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) and bioactive lipids such as lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine 1-phosphate ...
Shimizu A - - 2000
Responses of immunocompetent cells to tooth replantation during the regeneration process of the dental pulp in rat molars were investigated by immunocytochemistry using antibodies to class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules (OX6 antibody), monocyte/macrophage lineage cells (ED1 antibody) and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5), as well as by ...
Okusa Y - - 2000
To assess the role of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and uPA receptor (uPAR) on the invasive potential of cancer cells, in vitro experiments were performed using two human gastric cancer cell lines, NUGC-3 and MKN-28. NUGC-3 cells secreted a higher level of uPA than MKN-28 cells, while the uPAR expression ...
Yang L B - - 2000
Complement defense 59 (CD59) is a cell surface glycophosphoinositol (GPI)-anchored protein that prevents complement membrane attack complex (MAC) assembly. Here, we present evidence from ELISA assays that CD59 protein levels are significantly decreased in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with nondemented elderly (ND) patients, whereas ...
Hedberg K M - - 2000
The frequently occurring alteration of ganglioside expression in tumor cells has been implicated to play a role in the uncontrolled growth of these cells; antibodies to such gangliosides might affect tumor cell growth. We have studied the effect of IgM monoclonal antibodies to two glioma-associated gangliosides, GD3 and GM2, on ...
Brodbeck W G - - 2000
Decay-accelerating factor (DAF or CD55) and membrane cofactor protein (MCP or CD46) function intrinsically in the membranes of self cells to prevent activation of autologous complement on their surfaces. How these two regulatory proteins cooperate on self-cell surfaces to inhibit autologous complement attack is unknown. In this study, a GPI-anchored ...
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