Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1350
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Paschalidis Konstantinos A - - 2005
We previously gave a picture of the homeostatic characteristics of polyamine (PA) biosynthesis and conjugation in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plant organs during development. In this work, we present the sites and regulation of PA catabolism related to cell division/expansion, cell cycle progression, and vascular development in the tobacco plant. Diamine ...
Trouw Leendert A - - 2005
After cell death, via apoptosis or necrosis, the uptake of dead cells by neighboring cells or phagocytes prevents the release of intracellular content. An array of molecules, including initiation molecules of the complement system, are involved in marking dead cells for uptake. After binding of these molecules, complement activation takes ...
Nishimichi Norihisa - - 2005
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a multipotential cytokine that plays roles in regulating immune responses, acute phase reactions and hematopoiesis, induces proliferation and antibody production in hybridoma cells. The biological activities of the recombinant chicken IL-6 (rchIL-6) were determined using murine and chicken hybridoma cells. Cell proliferation and tyrosine phosphorylation of signal transducer ...
Beniash Elia - - 2005
We have developed a class of peptide amphiphile (PA) molecules that self-assemble into three-dimensional nanofiber networks under physiological conditions in the presence of polyvalent metal ions. The assembly can be triggered by adding PA solutions to cell culture media or other synthetic physiological fluids containing polyvalent metal ions. When the ...
Bohana-Kashtan Osnat - - 2005
Ecto-protein kinases (ecto-PK) are expressed on many cell types, both normal and malignant, yet their functions are largely unknown. An ecto-PK capable of phosphorylating the C9 component of the complement system is described. This C9 ecto-PK could be inhibited by TBB, Emodin and DRB, selective inhibitors of protein kinase CK2. ...
Heeger Peter S - - 2005
Decay-accelerating factor (Daf) dissociates C3/C5 convertases that assemble on host cells and thereby prevents complement activation on their surfaces. We demonstrate that during primary T cell activation, the absence of Daf on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and on T cells enhances T cell proliferation and augments the induced frequency of effector ...
Mimran Avishai - - 2005
T regulatory cells play an important role in regulating T-cell responses to self-antigens and control autoimmunity and autoimmune disease. Anti-ergotypic T cells are a subset of such regulatory T cells that respond to activation markers, ergotopes, expressed on other activated T cells. Anti-ergotypic T cells do not respond to nonactivated ...
Díaz A O - - 2005
The ultrastructure of the primary and secondary lamellae of gills was investigated in a marine teleost, the white croaker. The following cells were identified and briefly described: pavement cells, mucous cells, mitochondria-rich cells and rodlet cells. These cell types are present throughout the length of the lamellae. They are studied ...
Ji Jun - - 2005
To investigate the effects of saturated free fatty acid, palmitic acid (PA), on hepatocytes, we administered PA to rat hepatocytes. We demonstrated that PA inhibited the cell growth as a dose- and time-dependent manner in rat hepatocytes. PA-induced morphological changes including swelling, membrane dissolution and formation of debris, and apoptosis ...
Cavallo-Medved Dora - - 2005
Cathepsin B and pro-urokinase plasminogen activator (pro-uPA) localize to the caveolae of HCT 116 human colorectal carcinoma cells, an association mediated by active K-RAS. In this study, we established a stable HCT 116 cell line with a gene encoding antisense caveolin-1 (AS-cav-1) to examine the effects of caveolin-1, the main ...
Ollila Juha - - 2005
B cells are an important component of adaptive immunity. They produce and secrete millions of different antibody molecules, each of which recognizes a different (foreign) antigen. The fact that humans express a very large repertoire of antibodies is due to the complex mechanism of V(D)J recombination of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes ...
Kranenburg Onno - - 2005
A major component of neuritic plaques in brain tissue of Alzheimer's disease patients is the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta). Accumulation of Abeta has been associated with increased neuronal cell death and cognitive decline. We have previously shown that amyloid peptides like Abeta bind tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and stimulate plasmin production. ...
Kwon Mijung - - 2005
The defining characteristic of a tumor cell is its ability to escape the constraints imposed by neighboring cells, invade the surrounding tissue and metastasize to distant sites. This invasive property of tumor cells is dependent on activation of proteinases at the cell surface. The serine proteinase plasmin is one of ...
Renukaradhya J Gourapura - - 2004
The primary screening of hybridoma clones secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) requires the testing of a large number of hybridoma culture supernatants within a short time and is very labor-intensive. In addition, the type of antigen and its location in the cell have to be considered when selecting the appropriate screening ...
Golay Josée - - 2004
The therapeutic antibody alemtuzumab is directed against the CD52 molecule and is used for the treatment of B-cell lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). We investigated the mechanism of action of this antibody in vitro against different neoplastic B cells and compared it to the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab. Complement-mediated cytotoxicity assays were performed ...
Ishida Takashi - - 2004
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a peripheral T-cell neoplasm with dismal prognosis, and no optimal therapy has been developed. We tested the defucosylated chimeric anti-CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) monoclonal antibody, KM2760, to develop a novel immunotherapy for this refractory tumor. In the presence of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) ...
Stel Alja J - - 2004
In this study, we investigated the role of the naturally occurring B cell-mediated T cell costimulation in the antitumor efficacy of the bispecific Ab BIS20x3. BIS20x3 has a dual specificity for both CD20 and CD3 and has previously been shown to effectively direct the lytic potential of cytolytic T cells ...
Beum Paul V - - 2004
Binding of rituximab (RTX) to CD20+ B cells activates complement and promotes covalent deposition of C3b fragments on the cells. Previously, we reported that the deposited C3b is substantially co-localized with cell-bound RTX, and therefore C3b may block access of antibody probes specific for RTX. We examined the ability of ...
Yagyu Tatsuo - - 2004
We previously found that bikunin (bik), a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1)-stimulated expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) in human ovarian cancer cells that lack endogenous bik. In the present study, we tried to elucidate the mechanism by which bik also inhibits plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) ...
Nordengren J - - 2004
Normal endometrium is a highly dynamic tissue, which responds to ovarian steroids with cyclic proliferation, differentiation (secretion), and degradation (menstruation). The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA)-dependent proteolytic cascade as well as ligand activation of the uPA receptor (uPAR) is critically involved in physiological as well as pathophysiological aspects of tissue expansion ...
Jones Allison L - - 2004
Plasminogen has been implicated in extracellular matrix degradation by invading cells, but few high affinity cell surface receptors for the molecule have been identified. Previous studies have reported that the plasma protein, histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), interacts with plasminogen and cell surfaces, raising the possibility that HRG may immobilize plasminogen/plasmin to ...
Sejima Takayuki - - 2004
Components of the fibrinolytic pathway contribute to diverse pathways in many tissues, in addition to their well-recognized role in degradation of fibrin clots. In this study of nasal mucosa, we investigated the presence of mRNA of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and plasminogen ...
Bahl Joseph J - - 2004
Phenylacetate (PA) is a reversible inhibitor of tumor cell growth and an inhibitor of mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase (MPD). We hypothesized that MPD inhibition should lower rates of protein accumulation and accretion of cell number in all cell lines regardless of tumorigenic status or origin of the cell lines. PA treatment ...
Cascalho M - - 2004
T and B cells are thought to develop independently. While it is widely recognized that T cells help B cells in the production of antibodies to protein antigens, less well understood is whether or how B cells contribute to T cell development and function. Defects in cell-mediated immunity in individuals ...
Grosse-Hovest Ludger - - 2004
Complex recombinant antibody fragments for modulation of immune function such as tumor cell destruction have emerged at a rapid pace and diverse anticancer strategies are being developed to benefit patients. Despite improvements in molecule design and expression systems, the quantity and stability, e.g., of single-chain antibodies produced in cell culture, ...
Pickering W - - 2004
The procoagulant activity (PCA) of four T-lymphoblastoid cell lines (CEM-CCRF, Jurkat, Molt-4 and A3.01) at different stages of differentiation has been characterized and compared with that of a monocytoid cell line (THP-1). Four assay systems were employed; the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT); prothrombin time/tissue factor (TF) activity; a purified ...
Kuthanová Andrea - - 2004
Changes in cell viability, proliferation, cell and nuclear morphology including nuclear and DNA fragmentation induced by 0.05 and 1 mM CdSO4 (Cd2+) in tobacco BY-2 cell line (Nicotiana tabacum L.) were studied in the course of 7 days. Simultaneously changes in endogenous contents of both free and conjugated forms of ...
Al-Ejeh, Fares
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 (PAI-2) is one of the inhibitors of the plasminogen activation cascade mediated by urokinase (uPA) which is overexpressed on the surface of metastatic cancer cells. The plasminogen activation cascade is the generator of plasmin proteolytic activity on the cell surface which is required under normal ...
Nomoto Hiroshi - - 2004
Effects of proanthocyanidin (PA), procyanidin B-2 (B-2), and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic preneoplastic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation were investigated using F344 rats. The numbers of total ACF in rats treated with 0.002% PA and 0.05% B-2 were significantly decreased compared with the AOM alone group (control). ...
Yamaji Hideki - - 2004
When recombinant Chinese hamster ovary cells were treated with pertussis toxin or genistein, not only lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) but also phosphatidic acid (PA) failed to stimulate progression through the cell cycle in serum-free culture, suggesting that PA and LPA induce cell growth through the same signal transduction pathway. Cell cycle ...
Kobayashi Hiroshi - - 2004
We have previously reported in a series of papers that a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, bikunin, suppresses up-regulation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific receptor (uPAR) expression, phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and cancer cell invasion in vitro and peritoneal disseminated metastasis in vivo. In the present study, we investigated the ...
Biró Anna - - 2003
Activated B cells may cleave their surface receptors due to the proteolytic activity on the cell membrane or in its vicinity. We attempted to isolate and characterize the protease(s) responsible for this cleavage. Zymograms prepared from the supernatant and the plasma membrane fraction of activated human B cells and BL41/95 ...
Yoshioka Yasuo - - 2003
We previously reported the development of a "cytomedicine" that consists of cells trapped in alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginate (APA) microcapsules and agarose microbeads. The functional cells that are entrapped in semipermeable polymer are completely isolated from cellular immune system. However, the ability of cytomedicine to isolate cells from the humoral immune system, which ...
Bendixsen Tuan - - 2003
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were developed against recombinant ovine interleukin-5 (IL-5) produced in the baculovirus expression vector system. One MAb, D11 (isotype IgG1), neutralised the activity of both recombinant and native sources of IL-5 in a biological assay (Baf cell assay) but was only weakly reactive in immunocytochemistry. Conversely, a second ...
Ploplis Victoria A - - 2004
A number of studies have identified a role for plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in regulating angiogenesis, although results from these investigations have been controversial. Among key cellular components of an angiogenic vessel are endothelial cells (ECs), which are known to express several components of the fibrinolytic system, including PAI-1. Thus, ...
Shin Young C - - 2003
Icosahedral virus-like particles formed by the self-assembly of polyomavirus capsid proteins (Py-VLPs) can serve as useful nanostructures for delivering nucleic acids, proteins, and pharmaceuticals into animal cells and tissues. Four predominant surface-exposed loops in the VP1 structure offer potential sites to display sequences that might contribute new targeting specificities. Introduction ...
Bondada Subbarao - - 2003
B cell activation can be quantitated indirectly by assaying antibody production or directly by measuring cellular changes that occur immediately after exposure to an activation signal. This unit provides methods for the latter (direct) approach--namely, methods for quantifying early parameters of B cell activation such as increases in intracellular ionized ...
Hiramatsu Tatsufumi - - 2003
We have identified a novel phospholipase A1, named mPA-PLA1beta, which is specifically expressed in human testis and characterized it biochemically together with previously identified mPA-PLA1alpha. The sequence of mPAPLA1beta encodes a 460-amino acid protein containing a lipase domain with significant homology to the previously identified phosphatidic acid (PA)-selective PLA1, mPA-PLA1alpha. ...
Watanabe Masanao - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the possible role of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) in corneal epithelial wound healing by examining its expression both in the rabbit corneal epithelium in situ and in rabbit corneal epithelial (RCE) cells in vitro. METHODS: The rabbit cornea was subjected to mechanical wounding, and frozen sections of ...
Phadke Shruti M - - 2003
Lentivirus lytic peptides (LLPs) are derived from HIV-1 and have antibacterial properties. LLP derivatives (eLLPs) were engineered for greater potency against Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA). Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was determined in low and physiologic salt concentrations. MBC was decreased against SA and equivalent against PA in ...
Zhang L - - 2003
Recently, we showed that localization of Glu-plasminogen on cell surfaces enhances its conversion to Lys-plasminogen by exogenous plasmin. This leads to stimulation of plasminogen activation because Lys-plasminogen is the preferred substrate on cell surfaces. Here, we show that Glu-plasminogen was converted to Lys-plasminogen on monocytoid cells in the absence of ...
Le Duc M - - 2003
The presence of reactive astrocytes around glioma cells in the CNS suggests the possibility that these two cell types could be interacting. We addressed whether glioma cells use the astrocyte environment to modulate matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), a proteolytic enzyme implicated in the invasiveness of glioma cells. We found that astrocytes ...
Hirashima Yasuyuki - - 2003
The processes of ovarian cancer dissemination are characterized by altered local proteolysis, cellular proliferation, cell attachment, and invasion, suggesting that the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific inhibitor (plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1)) could be involved in the pathogenesis of peritoneal dissemination. We showed previously that expression of uPA ...
Meilhac Olivier - - 2003
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) rarefaction is involved in the development of several vascular pathologies. We suggest that the plasminogen activation system is a potential extracellular signal that can induce pericellular proteolysis and apoptosis of vascular SMCs. Using primary cultures of arterial SMCs, we show that plasmin generated from plasminogen on ...
Aisa Maria Cristina - - 2003
Active cathepsin B has been found in cell extract and medium of human osteoblast-like cells and MG-63 cells. The released form is stable at neutral and alkaline pH and, in both cell types, intracellular and extracellular cathepsin B activities are increased by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). To ...
Achilles Karin - - 2003
A sensitive and specific RP-HPLC assay was developed to measure the levels of polymorphonuclear elastase (PMN-E) activity in growing cell cultures. By combining a pre-incubation of the cells with a relatively non-toxic, PMN-E-specific inhibitor, MeOSuc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-chloromethylketone (MAAPVCK), the p-nitroaniline formed by the hydrolysis of the substrate MeOSuc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-p-NA by PMN-E is quantified. ...
Tur Mehmet Kemal - - 2003
Isolation of cell-surface specific antibodies prerequisites the functional expressing of antigens on intact cells, which are maintained routinely by cell culturing. However, long-term culturing of tumor cells could alter their antigen expression patterns and stable fixation of whole cells is not guaranteed on plastic surfaces during stringent screening procedures. We ...
Franco Omar E - - 2003
Phenylacetate (PA), an aromatic fatty acid, is now undergoing evaluation as a potential anticancer reagent. Our previous study showed that PA induces cell growth inhibition in prostate cancer cells. Here, we investigated whether PA is effective against three renal cancer cell lines in vitro. The cell viability of PA-treated renal ...
Maecker Holden T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: CD81, a cell-surface protein of the tetraspanin superfamily, has been shown to costimulate T cell activation in murine T cells, and is involved in development of Th2 immune responses in mice. RESULTS: Here it is shown that stimulation of CD81 on human T cells can enhance T cell activation ...
Choi Kyu-Sil - - 2003
The defining characteristic of a tumor cell is its ability to escape the constraints imposed by neighboring cells, invade the surrounding tissue, and metastasize to distant sites. This invasive property of tumor cells is dependent on activation of proteases at the cell surface. Most cancer cells secrete the urokinase-type plasminogen ...
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