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Results 451 - 500 of 1332
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Yagyu Tatsuo - - 2004
We previously found that bikunin (bik), a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1)-stimulated expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) in human ovarian cancer cells that lack endogenous bik. In the present study, we tried to elucidate the mechanism by which bik also inhibits plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) ...
Nordengren J - - 2004
Normal endometrium is a highly dynamic tissue, which responds to ovarian steroids with cyclic proliferation, differentiation (secretion), and degradation (menstruation). The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA)-dependent proteolytic cascade as well as ligand activation of the uPA receptor (uPAR) is critically involved in physiological as well as pathophysiological aspects of tissue expansion ...
Jones Allison L - - 2004
Plasminogen has been implicated in extracellular matrix degradation by invading cells, but few high affinity cell surface receptors for the molecule have been identified. Previous studies have reported that the plasma protein, histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), interacts with plasminogen and cell surfaces, raising the possibility that HRG may immobilize plasminogen/plasmin to ...
Sejima Takayuki - - 2004
Components of the fibrinolytic pathway contribute to diverse pathways in many tissues, in addition to their well-recognized role in degradation of fibrin clots. In this study of nasal mucosa, we investigated the presence of mRNA of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and plasminogen ...
Bahl Joseph J - - 2004
Phenylacetate (PA) is a reversible inhibitor of tumor cell growth and an inhibitor of mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase (MPD). We hypothesized that MPD inhibition should lower rates of protein accumulation and accretion of cell number in all cell lines regardless of tumorigenic status or origin of the cell lines. PA treatment ...
Cascalho M - - 2004
T and B cells are thought to develop independently. While it is widely recognized that T cells help B cells in the production of antibodies to protein antigens, less well understood is whether or how B cells contribute to T cell development and function. Defects in cell-mediated immunity in individuals ...
Grosse-Hovest Ludger - - 2004
Complex recombinant antibody fragments for modulation of immune function such as tumor cell destruction have emerged at a rapid pace and diverse anticancer strategies are being developed to benefit patients. Despite improvements in molecule design and expression systems, the quantity and stability, e.g., of single-chain antibodies produced in cell culture, ...
Pickering W - - 2004
The procoagulant activity (PCA) of four T-lymphoblastoid cell lines (CEM-CCRF, Jurkat, Molt-4 and A3.01) at different stages of differentiation has been characterized and compared with that of a monocytoid cell line (THP-1). Four assay systems were employed; the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT); prothrombin time/tissue factor (TF) activity; a purified ...
Kuthanová Andrea - - 2004
Changes in cell viability, proliferation, cell and nuclear morphology including nuclear and DNA fragmentation induced by 0.05 and 1 mM CdSO4 (Cd2+) in tobacco BY-2 cell line (Nicotiana tabacum L.) were studied in the course of 7 days. Simultaneously changes in endogenous contents of both free and conjugated forms of ...
Al-Ejeh, Fares
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 (PAI-2) is one of the inhibitors of the plasminogen activation cascade mediated by urokinase (uPA) which is overexpressed on the surface of metastatic cancer cells. The plasminogen activation cascade is the generator of plasmin proteolytic activity on the cell surface which is required under normal ...
Nomoto Hiroshi - - 2004
Effects of proanthocyanidin (PA), procyanidin B-2 (B-2), and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic preneoplastic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation were investigated using F344 rats. The numbers of total ACF in rats treated with 0.002% PA and 0.05% B-2 were significantly decreased compared with the AOM alone group (control). ...
Yamaji Hideki - - 2004
When recombinant Chinese hamster ovary cells were treated with pertussis toxin or genistein, not only lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) but also phosphatidic acid (PA) failed to stimulate progression through the cell cycle in serum-free culture, suggesting that PA and LPA induce cell growth through the same signal transduction pathway. Cell cycle ...
Kobayashi Hiroshi - - 2004
We have previously reported in a series of papers that a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, bikunin, suppresses up-regulation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific receptor (uPAR) expression, phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and cancer cell invasion in vitro and peritoneal disseminated metastasis in vivo. In the present study, we investigated the ...
Biró Anna - - 2003
Activated B cells may cleave their surface receptors due to the proteolytic activity on the cell membrane or in its vicinity. We attempted to isolate and characterize the protease(s) responsible for this cleavage. Zymograms prepared from the supernatant and the plasma membrane fraction of activated human B cells and BL41/95 ...
Yoshioka Yasuo - - 2003
We previously reported the development of a "cytomedicine" that consists of cells trapped in alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginate (APA) microcapsules and agarose microbeads. The functional cells that are entrapped in semipermeable polymer are completely isolated from cellular immune system. However, the ability of cytomedicine to isolate cells from the humoral immune system, which ...
Bendixsen Tuan - - 2003
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were developed against recombinant ovine interleukin-5 (IL-5) produced in the baculovirus expression vector system. One MAb, D11 (isotype IgG1), neutralised the activity of both recombinant and native sources of IL-5 in a biological assay (Baf cell assay) but was only weakly reactive in immunocytochemistry. Conversely, a second ...
Ploplis Victoria A - - 2004
A number of studies have identified a role for plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in regulating angiogenesis, although results from these investigations have been controversial. Among key cellular components of an angiogenic vessel are endothelial cells (ECs), which are known to express several components of the fibrinolytic system, including PAI-1. Thus, ...
Shin Young C - - 2003
Icosahedral virus-like particles formed by the self-assembly of polyomavirus capsid proteins (Py-VLPs) can serve as useful nanostructures for delivering nucleic acids, proteins, and pharmaceuticals into animal cells and tissues. Four predominant surface-exposed loops in the VP1 structure offer potential sites to display sequences that might contribute new targeting specificities. Introduction ...
Bondada Subbarao - - 2003
B cell activation can be quantitated indirectly by assaying antibody production or directly by measuring cellular changes that occur immediately after exposure to an activation signal. This unit provides methods for the latter (direct) approach--namely, methods for quantifying early parameters of B cell activation such as increases in intracellular ionized ...
Hiramatsu Tatsufumi - - 2003
We have identified a novel phospholipase A1, named mPA-PLA1beta, which is specifically expressed in human testis and characterized it biochemically together with previously identified mPA-PLA1alpha. The sequence of mPAPLA1beta encodes a 460-amino acid protein containing a lipase domain with significant homology to the previously identified phosphatidic acid (PA)-selective PLA1, mPA-PLA1alpha. ...
Watanabe Masanao - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the possible role of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) in corneal epithelial wound healing by examining its expression both in the rabbit corneal epithelium in situ and in rabbit corneal epithelial (RCE) cells in vitro. METHODS: The rabbit cornea was subjected to mechanical wounding, and frozen sections of ...
Phadke Shruti M - - 2003
Lentivirus lytic peptides (LLPs) are derived from HIV-1 and have antibacterial properties. LLP derivatives (eLLPs) were engineered for greater potency against Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA). Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was determined in low and physiologic salt concentrations. MBC was decreased against SA and equivalent against PA in ...
Zhang L - - 2003
Recently, we showed that localization of Glu-plasminogen on cell surfaces enhances its conversion to Lys-plasminogen by exogenous plasmin. This leads to stimulation of plasminogen activation because Lys-plasminogen is the preferred substrate on cell surfaces. Here, we show that Glu-plasminogen was converted to Lys-plasminogen on monocytoid cells in the absence of ...
Le Duc M - - 2003
The presence of reactive astrocytes around glioma cells in the CNS suggests the possibility that these two cell types could be interacting. We addressed whether glioma cells use the astrocyte environment to modulate matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), a proteolytic enzyme implicated in the invasiveness of glioma cells. We found that astrocytes ...
Hirashima Yasuyuki - - 2003
The processes of ovarian cancer dissemination are characterized by altered local proteolysis, cellular proliferation, cell attachment, and invasion, suggesting that the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific inhibitor (plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1)) could be involved in the pathogenesis of peritoneal dissemination. We showed previously that expression of uPA ...
Meilhac Olivier - - 2003
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) rarefaction is involved in the development of several vascular pathologies. We suggest that the plasminogen activation system is a potential extracellular signal that can induce pericellular proteolysis and apoptosis of vascular SMCs. Using primary cultures of arterial SMCs, we show that plasmin generated from plasminogen on ...
Aisa Maria Cristina - - 2003
Active cathepsin B has been found in cell extract and medium of human osteoblast-like cells and MG-63 cells. The released form is stable at neutral and alkaline pH and, in both cell types, intracellular and extracellular cathepsin B activities are increased by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). To ...
Achilles Karin - - 2003
A sensitive and specific RP-HPLC assay was developed to measure the levels of polymorphonuclear elastase (PMN-E) activity in growing cell cultures. By combining a pre-incubation of the cells with a relatively non-toxic, PMN-E-specific inhibitor, MeOSuc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-chloromethylketone (MAAPVCK), the p-nitroaniline formed by the hydrolysis of the substrate MeOSuc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-p-NA by PMN-E is quantified. ...
Tur Mehmet Kemal - - 2003
Isolation of cell-surface specific antibodies prerequisites the functional expressing of antigens on intact cells, which are maintained routinely by cell culturing. However, long-term culturing of tumor cells could alter their antigen expression patterns and stable fixation of whole cells is not guaranteed on plastic surfaces during stringent screening procedures. We ...
Franco Omar E - - 2003
Phenylacetate (PA), an aromatic fatty acid, is now undergoing evaluation as a potential anticancer reagent. Our previous study showed that PA induces cell growth inhibition in prostate cancer cells. Here, we investigated whether PA is effective against three renal cancer cell lines in vitro. The cell viability of PA-treated renal ...
Maecker Holden T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: CD81, a cell-surface protein of the tetraspanin superfamily, has been shown to costimulate T cell activation in murine T cells, and is involved in development of Th2 immune responses in mice. RESULTS: Here it is shown that stimulation of CD81 on human T cells can enhance T cell activation ...
Choi Kyu-Sil - - 2003
The defining characteristic of a tumor cell is its ability to escape the constraints imposed by neighboring cells, invade the surrounding tissue, and metastasize to distant sites. This invasive property of tumor cells is dependent on activation of proteases at the cell surface. Most cancer cells secrete the urokinase-type plasminogen ...
Miles Lindsey A - - 2003
When Glu-plasminogen, the native circulating form of the zymogen, is bound to cell surfaces, its activation is markedly enhanced compared with the reaction in solution. This results in localization of the broad-spectrum proteolytic activity of plasmin on cell surfaces. The cell-associated plasmin plays a key role in fibrinolysis, cell migration, ...
Di Certo Maria Grazia - - 2003
The human complement receptor type 2 (CR2/CD21), a transmembrane glycoprotein, associates with a variety of surface antigens and proteins in the cell membrane. We examined the possibilities that the CR2 units of CR2 complexes are associated through internal covalent links reactive with nucleophilic agents, e.g. H(2)O or methylamine, and that ...
Kobayashi Hiroshi - - 2003
Bikunin is a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, acting at the level of tumor invasion and metastasis. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of bikunin-dependent signal transduction involved in the expression of a plasminogen activator (PA) system and invasion. We report here the following. 1) The human ovarian ...
Ueyama Mamoru - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Plasminogen activators and inhibitors were quantitated in cultured human endometrial and trophoblast cells under the influence of ovarian steroids in order to investigate the role of the fibrinolytic system for trophoblast invasion and anchorage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasminogen activators (t-PA and u-PA) and their inhibitors (PAI-1 and PAI-2) secretions ...
Jiang Qijiao - - 2002
Chromaffin cells express components of the plasminogen/plasmin system, including its major activator, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), and high-affinity cellular receptors for plasminogen, which promote local concentration and activation of plasminogen at the cell surface. Our studies suggest that plasmin participates in local neuroendocrine prohormone processing and that perturbation of this ...
Li Yonghe - - 2002
The low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein 1B (LRP1B) is a newly identified member of the LDL receptor family and is closely related to LRP. It was discovered as a putative tumor suppressor and is frequently inactivated in lung cancer cells. In the present study, we used an LRP1B minireceptor ...
Peake Philip W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Activation of urinary complement proteins in situ by proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC) may contribute to the mediation of tubulointerstitial injury in patients with significant proteinuria. However, the mechanism involved is unclear, and the role of changes in urinary pH and in the concentrations of urea or ammonia requires ...
Holmdahl M - - 2002
Development of type-II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) is dependent on a T-cell mediated activation of autoreactive B cells. However, it is still unclear if B cells can present CII to T cells. To investigate the role of B cells as antigen-presenting cells (APCs) for CII, we purified B cells from ...
Valdez Yanet - - 2002
Antigen-specific B cells express major histocompatibility complex class II and can present antigen directly to T cells. Adoptive transfer experiments using transgenic B and T cells demonstrated that antigen-specific B cells can also efficiently transfer antigen to another cell for presentation to T cells in vivo. To identify the antigen-presenting ...
Scott M - - 2002
One hundred forty-two Rh-specific monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) were evaluated by serology in 27 laboratories. Evaluators were asked to test each Mab at three dilutions in specified serological techniques against normal positive and normal negative phenotype cells, and any Rh variant cells that they had available. Raw data was submitted to ...
Nezi Luigi - - 2002
Fischer rat thyroid (FRT) cells organize a matrix of extracellular fibronectin (FN) fibrils, which undergoes extensive remodeling according to cell culture confluence. In non-confluent cells FN forms a fibrillar array associated with the ventral cell surface. However, basal FN is progressively removed in confluent cultures and substituted by non-fibrillar FN ...
Siddiqui R A - - 2001
The present investigation explores the role of phosphatidic acid (PA), a specific protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) inhibitor, in cytotoxicity induced by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The cytotoxicity of DHA was assayed by quantifying cell survival using the trypan blue exclusion method. A dose-response effect demonstrated that 5 or 10 microM DHA has ...
Kodama H - - 2001
For the purpose of establishing a new adoptive immunotherapy for bile duct carcinoma (BDC), we have directed our attention to superantigens (SAgs), the most potent known activators of T lymphocytes. In our previous study, staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) was conjugated chemically with MUSE11 mAb, which recognizes the MUC1 cancer-associated antigen, ...
Sawatsri S - - 2001
The aromatic fatty acid phenylacetate (PA) and its analogs have come under intense investigation due to their ability to cause the growth arrest of a variety of neoplasia, including human breast cancer. We have determined that PA and its halide derivative 4-chlorophenylacetate (4-CPA) showed marked antiproliferative activity on 3 of ...
Chan J H - - 2001
To determine, in vitro, the effects of blood group ABO mismatching on corneal epithelial cells. Corneal epithelial cell cultures were established from 32 human cadaver donor eyes. Epithelial cells (100 microl of 4 x 10(2) cells per microl) were incubated for 4 hours with antibodies against blood group antigens A, ...
Jurianz K - - 2001
Resistance of tumor cells to lysis by complement is generally attributed to several protective mechanisms. The relative impact of these mechanisms in the same tumor cell, however, has not been assessed yet. We have analyzed the interaction of the human erythroleukemia tumor cell line K562 with human complement. K562 cells ...
Holmberg M T - - 2001
The role of fluid-phase regulators of complement is to inhibit excessive complement activation and maintain homeostasis in blood. By binding to and inactivating complement components on cell surfaces, they can also protect autologous cells from complement-mediated cytotoxicity and phagocytosis. In this study, we wanted to find out whether C4b-binding protein ...
Hendrick V - - 2001
Directed control of cell metabolism by a modification of the physicochemical conditions (presence of Na-butyrate and modification of the temperature) was used to modulate the productivity of human recombinant tissular plasminogen activator (t-PA) expressed under control of SV40 promoter in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines. We showed that both ...
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