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Results 401 - 450 of 2337
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Hong Dun - - 2010
Bone remodeling relies on a dynamic balance between bone formation and resorption, mediated by osteoblasts and osteoclasts, respectively. Under certain stimuli, osteoprogenitor cells may differentiate into premature osteoblasts and further into mature osteoblasts. This process is marked by increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralized nodule formation. In this study, ...
Itoh Ryota - - 2010
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) are bioactive lysophospholipids that affect various cellular processes through G protein-coupled receptors. In our current study, we found by in situ hybridization that E11.5 mouse embryos strongly expressed the LPA receptor subtype LPA(1) in cartilaginous bone primordia and the surrounding mesenchymal cells. However, despite ...
Loeb Marcia J - - 2010
Midgut stem cells of last instar larvae and pupae of Heliothis virescens, Lymantria dispar and several other Lepidopteran species have been cultured in vitro and have been induced to proliferate using low titers of ecdysteroids and the 77-Kda peptide fragment, alpha-arylphorin, isolated and identified from pupal fat body tissue. The ...
Wenker Shirley D - - 2010
Erythropoietin (Epo) is known to have a significant role in tissues outside the hematopoietic system. In this work, we investigated the function of Epo in cells of neuronal origin subjected to differentiation. Treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) generated differentiated neuron-like cells, observed by increased expression of neuronal ...
Zou Zhongmin - - 2010
Vezf1 encodes an early zinc finger transcription factor that is essential for normal vascular development and functions in a dose-dependent manner. Here, we investigated the role of Vezf1 during processes of endothelial cell differentiation and maturation by studying mutant Vezf1 embryonic stem (ES) cells using the in vitro embryoid body ...
Tonge Peter D PD Centre for Stem Cell Biology, Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. - - 2010
Differentiation of human embryonic stem (ES) cells and embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells provides an in vitro model to study the process of neuronal differentiation. Retinoic acid (RA) is frequently used to promote neural differentiation of pluripotent cells under a wide variety of culture conditions. Through systematic comparison of differentiation conditions ...
Kawaguchi Nanako - - 2010
Many stem cell studies have focused on the subject of cell fate and the signal molecules that modulate the regulatory switches for a given differentiation pathway. Genome-wide screens for cell fate determination signals require a cell source that differentiates purely into a single cell type. From adult rat left atrium, ...
de Thonel Aurelie - - 2010
Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is a chaperone whose cellular expression increases in response to various stresses and protects the cell either by inhibiting apoptotic cell death or by promoting the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of specific proteins. Here, we show that globin transcription factor 1 (GATA-1) is a client ...
Xie Hong-rong - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line as an in vitro model of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons for Parkinson's disease (PD) research and to determine the effect of differentiation on this cell model. DATA SOURCES: The data of this review were selected from the original reports and reviews related ...
Jiang Shao-Yun - - 2010
Timing of cell fate commitment determines distinct retinal cell types, which is believed to be controlled by a tightly coordinated regulatory program of proliferation, cell cycle exit and differentiation. Although homeobox protein Msx2 could induce apoptosis of optic vesicle, it is unclear whether Msx2 regulates differentiation and cell fate commitment ...
Lopes Fernanda Martins - - 2010
The molecular mechanisms underlying the cellular lost found in the nigrostriatal pathway during the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) are not completely understood. Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y challenged with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) has been widely used as an in vitro model for PD. Although this cell line differentiates to dopaminergic ...
Gore Yael - - 2010
Immature B cells migrate to the spleen where they differentiate into mature cells. This final maturation step is crucial to enable B cells to become responsive to antigens and to participate in the immune response. Previously, we showed that Id2 acts as a negative regulator of the differentiation of immature ...
Murphy Sean - - 2010
Human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) are a heterologous population positive for stem cell markers; they display multilineage differentiation potential, differentiating into cells of the endoderm (liver, lung epithelium), mesoderm (bone, fat), and ectoderm (neural cells). They have a low immunogenic profile and possess potent immunosuppressive properties. Hence, hAECs may be ...
Ehlicke Franziska - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: One common cause of disability in modern society is low back pain. The main reason for this pain is the degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD), particularly of the nucleus pulposus (NP). For the early degeneration stage, a cell-based therapy could constitute a minimally invasive method of treatment. Therefore, ...
Hui Hongxiang H UCLA Center of Excellence in Pancreatic Disease, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90024-7073, USA. - - 2010
That glucagonlike peptide-1 (GLP-1) induces differentiation of primate embryonic stem (ES) cells into insulin-producing cells has been reported by several groups and also confirmed with our observations. To further elucidate the process in detail and the signaling pathways involved in this differentiation, we induced human ES cells HUES1 differentiated into ...
Wen Jiang - - 2010
6-Bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (BIO), which is one of the glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitors and a key regulator of numerous signaling pathways, was reported to be capable of maintaining the pluripotency of human and mouse embryonic stem cells. Presently, it is unknown whether BIO can influence the derivation of porcine embryonic germ ...
Carette Jan E - - 2010
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be generated from various differentiated cell types by the expression of a set of defined transcription factors. So far, iPSCs have been generated from primary cells, but it is unclear whether human cancer cell lines can be reprogrammed. Here we describe the generation and ...
Micallef Ludovic - - 2010
The spontaneously immortalized human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT is widely used as a human keratinocyte model. In a previous comparative study between normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) and HaCaT, we reported that Ca2+ concentrations greater than 1mM induced differentiation in vitro in both cell types, notably characterized by increased expression of ...
Cuddapah Suresh - - 2010
Activation of T cells is an essential step in the immunological response to infection. Although activation of naïve T cells results in proliferation and slow differentiation into cytokine-producing effector cells, antigen engagement with memory cells leads to cytokine production immediately. Even though the cell surface signaling events are similar in ...
Noh Eui-Kyu - - 2010
Gefitinib (Iressa, ZD1839), a selective epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, inhibits growth, invasion and colony formation of various cancer cells. However, little is known about the effect of combination of gefitinib and arsenic trioxide (ATO) on differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Therefore, we investigated whether gefitinib had ...
Tsolmon Soninkhishig - - 2010
Stellera chamaejasme has been used as a therapeutic plant for treatment of various inflammatory diseases and solid tumors. Our study was particularly interested in the differentiation inducing activity of the aerial parts of S.chamaejasme using human chronic leukemia cell line K562. The ethanol extract has been shown to be highly ...
Ning Fang - - 2010
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) possess an intrinsic self-renewal ability and can differentiate into numerous types of functional tissue cells; however, whether ESCs can differentiate toward the odontogenic lineage is still unknown. In this study, we developed an efficient culture strategy to induce the differentiation of murine ESCs (mESCs) into dental ...
Li Zhaoxia - - 2010
The local expression and distribution pattern of protein on a cell play essential roles in signal transduction within a cell or between cells. Here we report on the development of a spatially resolved quantification method, which was applied in the study of E-cadherin local expression in identified undifferentiated and differentiated ...
Luo Wei - - 2010
The ability to precisely control the interactions between materials and mammalian cells at the molecular level is crucial to understanding the fundamental chemical nature of how the local environment influences cellular behavior as well as for developing new biomaterials for a range of biotechnological and tissue engineering applications. In this ...
Mo Caiqing - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are genetically normal, pluripotent cells, capable of self-renewal and multi-lineage differentiation. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a growth factor that can maintain the pluripotency of mouse ES cells in culture. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptor transcription factors that regulate growth and differentiation of many ...
Liu Yongqing - - 2010
Many tumors have been found to contain a subset of cells referred to as cancer stem cells. As opposed to the remainder of the tumor, these cells are undifferentiated-they do not express markers of differentiation and they can re-express stem cell specification genes. The cells can divide asymmetrically to yield ...
Bednarkiewicz Artur - - 2010
The human hepatoma HepaRG cell line is an in vitro cell model that is becoming an important tool in drug metabolism, hepatotoxicity, genotoxicity, and enzyme induction studies. The cells are highly proliferative during their undifferentiated state but once committed, they differentiate into two distinctly different cell types, namely, hepatocyte-like and ...
Marinho Paulo A N - - 2010
The development of efficient and reproducible culture systems for embryonic stem (ES) cells is an essential pre-requisite for regenerative medicine. Culture scale-up ensuring maintenance of cell pluripotency is a central issue, because large amounts of pluripotent cells must be generated to warrant that differentiated cells deriving thereof are transplanted in ...
Pully Vishnu Vardhan - - 2010
We present the development of microbioreactors with a sensitive and accurate optical coupling to a confocal Raman microspectrometer. We show that such devices enable in situ and in vitro investigation of cell cultures for tissue engineering by chemically sensitive Raman spectroscopic imaging techniques. The optical resolution of the Raman microspectrometer ...
Jasmin - - 2010
P19 cells, a pluripotent cell line derived from a teratocarcinoma induced in C3H/HeHa mice, have been widely used as a model system to study cardiac differentiation. We have used these cells to evaluate the extent to which exposure to DMSO and/or cardiogenol C for 4 days in suspension culture enhanced ...
Stavridis Marios P MP Neural Development Group, Division of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, UK. - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells fluctuate between self-renewal and the threshold of differentiation. Signalling via the fibroblast growth factor (Fgf)/Erk pathway is required to progress from this dynamic state and promote mouse ES cell differentiation. Retinoic acid also induces differentiation in many cellular contexts, but its mechanism of action in relation ...
Arenas-Mena Cesar - - 2010
It is proposed here that a biphasic life cycle with partial dedifferentiation of intermediate juvenile or larval stages represents the mainstream developmental mode of metazoans. Developmental plasticity of differentiated cells is considered the essential characteristic of indirect development, rather than the exclusive development of the adult from 'set-aside' cells. Many ...
Garczarczyk Dorota - - 2010
Protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes are expressed and activated in a cell type-specific manner, and play an essential role in tissue-specific signal transduction. The presence of butyrate at millimolar concentrations in the colon raises the question of whether it affects the expression of PKC isoenzymes in the different cell types ...
Chen Chen - - 2010
Adipocyte lines are a useful tool for adipocyte research. Recently, a new preadipocyte line designated AP-18 was established from subcutaneous tissue of the C3H/He mouse. In this study, we further characterized AP-18 cells. Adipocyte differentiation was assessed by accumulation of fat droplets stained by Oil Red O. The expression of ...
Shin Hyun Yong - - 2010
In this study, the effects of glycerol on cephalosporin C production by Acremonium chrysogenum M35 were evaluated. The addition of glycerol increased cephalosporin production by up to 12-fold. Glycerol caused the upregulation of the transcription of the isopenicillin synthase (pcbC) and transporter (cefT) genes in early exponential phase, and affected ...
Washington Jennifer M - - 2010
The development of cell therapeutics from embryonic stem (ES) cells will require technologies that direct cell differentiation to specific somatic cell lineages in response to defined factors. The initial step in formation of the somatic lineages from ES cells, differentiation to an intermediate, pluripotent primitive ectoderm-like cell, can be achieved ...
Li Yan - - 2010
To evaluate the role of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) in the induced differentiation of human glioblastoma cells. Cell proliferation was determined by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay. The protein level of p-GSK-3beta, GSK-3beta, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were determined using Western blots. The overexpression ...
Haag Marion - - 2010
Heart diseases are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Cardiac stem cells (CSC) are considered as candidates for cardiac-directed cell therapies. However, clinical translation is hampered since their isolation and expansion is complex. We describe a population of human cardiac derived adherent proliferating (CAP) cells that can be reliably ...
Lima Wânia R WR CELL Unit, de Duve Institute and Université, catholique de Louvain, Brussels, - - 2010
Epithelial polarization modulates gene expression. The transcription factor zonula occludens 1 (ZO-1)-associated nucleic acid binding protein (ZONAB) can shuttle between tight junctions and nuclei, promoting cell proliferation and expression of cyclin D1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), but whether it also represses epithelial differentiation is unknown. Here, during mouse ...
Maghdooni Bagheri Pegah - - 2011
Metallothioneins (MTs), a group of small, cystein-rich proteins, possess various functions, including metal detoxification and homeostasis. We here report new findings on the participation of MT in cellular differentiation processes. MT isogene transcription was significantly increased in phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) incubated leukemic DAMI cells, which supports its role in cellular differentiation. ...
Yu Haiyang - - 2010
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have gained widespread attention in the field of tissue engineering but not much is known about the changes of mechanical properties during the process of cell lineage commitment and the mechanisms of these behaviors. It is believed that exploring the inter-relations between stem cells mechanical ...
Shav Dalit - - 2010
Stem cell differentiation, both in vivo and in vitro, is regulated by a variety of signals. These signals can be of biochemical origin, such as those from growth factors and cytokines, or from different mechanical loads, such as fluid shear stress and matrix elasticity. The mechanisms by which the mechanical ...
Redova Martina - - 2010
We investigated the possible modulation by LOX/ COX inhibitors of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced cell differentiation in two established neuroblastoma cell lines, SH-SY5Y and SK-N-BE(2). Caffeic acid, as an inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and celecoxib, as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, were chosen for this study. The effects of the combined treatment ...
Sallmon Hannes - - 2010
The clinical prognosis of children with high-stage neuroblastoma is still poor. Therapeutic approaches include surgery and cellular differentiation by retinoic acid, but also experimental interleukin-based immune modulation. However, the molecular mechanisms of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced differentiation of neuroblastoma cells are incompletely understood. Herein, we examined the effect of ATRA ...
Lea Michael A - - 2010
Previously we found that a fruit-derived polyphenol fraction caused an inhibition of proliferation and an induction of differentiation markers in Caco-2 human colon cancer cells. In the present work, we sought to determine if individual polyphenols would exert similar actions. Proliferation was inhibited by several polyphenolic molecules including gallic acid, ...
Bhattacharya Sudin - - 2010
The differentiation of B cells into antibody-secreting plasma cells upon antigen stimulation, a crucial step in the humoral immune response, is disrupted by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Several key regulatory proteins in the B-cell transcriptional network have been identified, with two coupled mutually repressive feedback loops among the three transcription factors B-cell ...
Kao Chung-Lan - - 2010
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol antioxidant that has been shown to facilitate osteogenic differentiation. A recent breakthrough has demonstrated that ectopic expression of four genes is sufficient to reprogram murine and human fibroblasts into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. However, the roles of resveratrol in the differentiation and cytoprotection of ...
Puerto María - - 2010
Microcystins (MCs) are toxins of heptapeptidic structure produced by toxic cyanobacteria in surface eutrophic waters. MCs are known to be hepatotoxic in humans, but they are also able to induce gastrointestinal alterations, allergic reactions, irritation, and pneumonia-like symptoms. The impact of MC-LR, one of the most common cyanobacterial toxins, was ...
Jeong Hyun Jeong - - 2010
Mouse or human fibroblasts are commonly used as feeder cells to prevent differentiation in stem or primary cell culture. In the present study, we addressed whether fibroblasts can affect the differentiation of adipocytes. We found that the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was strongly suppressed when the cells were cocultured with ...
Saugspier Michael - - 2010
Human dental follicle cells (DFCs) are progenitor cells. Recent studies supposed that osteogenic differentiation of dental follicle cells is controlled by growth factors such as BMP2 and IGF2, but their influence on the differentiation of DFCs has not been investigated in detail. We examined DFCs after the induction of osteogenic ...
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