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Lim Shawn H - - 2010
Stem cells display sensitivity to substrate presentation of topographical cues via changes in cell morphology. These biomechanical responses may be transmitted to the nucleus through cytoskeletal-linked signaling pathways. Here we investigate the influence of aligned substratum topography on the cell morphology and subsequently, the neuronal differentiation capabilities of adult neural ...
Marshall G M - - 2010
The family of tripartite-motif (TRIM) proteins are involved in diverse cellular processes, but are often characterized by critical protein-protein interactions necessary for their function. TRIM16 is induced in different cancer types, when the cancer cell is forced to proceed down a differentiation pathway. We have identified TRIM16 as a DNA-binding ...
Teramachi Junpei - - 2010
Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) plays a critical role in antiviral defence of the host cells. PKR is also involved in cell cycle progression, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, tumorigenesis, and apoptosis. We previously reported that PKR is required for differentiation and calcification of osteoblasts. However, it is unknown about the ...
Wu Xiaofang - - 2011
To create a model system that investigates mechanisms resulting in hyperplasia and hypertrophy of respiratory tract submucosal glands, we developed an in vitro three-dimensional (3D) system wherein normal human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells differentiated into glandular acini when grown on a basement membrane matrix. The differentiation of primary HBE cells ...
Cailleteau Clementine - - 2010
Differentiation therapy could be one strategy for stopping cancer cell proliferation. A plant steroid, diosgenin, is known to induce megakaryocytic differentiation in human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells. In recent studies, the use of sedimentation field-flow fractionation (SdFFF) allowed the preparation of subpopulations that may differ in regard to sensitivity to differentiation ...
Miraoui Hichem - - 2010
Basic Helix-loop-Helix (bHLH) factors play important roles in development and disease. Recent functional and genetic analyses revealed that the bHLH factor Twist1 is a critical modulator of mesenchymal cell fate during skeletal development. Specifically, studies in mice and humans showed that Twist1 controls mesenchymal stem cell differentiation into chondrocytes, osteoblasts ...
Han Bingnan - - 2010
The indenoisoquinoline NSC724998 is a novel topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitor entering Phase I clinical trials at the National Cancer Institute, USA. In this study, 2-D PAGE analysis was performed on nuclear lysates prepared from HCT-116 and A375 cells treated with 1 microM NSC724998 for 24 h and the differentially regulated ...
Frölich Daniela D Department of Medicine, Rheumatology, and Clinical Immunology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, - - 2010
Rechallenge with T cell-dependent Ags induces memory B cells to re-enter germinal centers (GCs) and undergo further expansion and differentiation into plasma cells (PCs) and secondary memory B cells. It is currently not known whether the expanded population of memory B cells and PCs generated in secondary GCs are clonally ...
Deenick Elissa K - - 2010
Effective humoral immunity depends on the support of B cell responses by T follicular helper (Tfh) cells. Although it has been proposed that Tfh cell differentiation requires T-B interactions, the relative contribution of specific populations of Ag-presenting cells remains unknown. We employed three independent strategies that compromised interactions between CD4(+) ...
Fukazawa Cindy - - 2010
An epidermis surrounds all vertebrates, forming a water barrier between the external environment and the internal space of the organism. In the zebrafish, the embryonic epidermis consists of an outer enveloping layer (EVL) and an inner basal layer that have distinct embryonic origins. Differentiation of the EVL requires the maternal ...
Wang Shengchao - - 2010
Pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells possess the ability to differentiate into many cell types, but the precise mechanisms of differentiation are still unclear. Here, we provide evidence that Rbpj (recombination signal-binding protein for immunoglobulin kappa j region) protein, the primary nuclear mediator of Notch, is involved in osteogenesis. Overexpression of Rbpj ...
Na Jie J School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. - - 2010
Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) have many important functions during embryogenesis. However, their role in embryonic stem (ES) cells is controversial. Previous studies reported that, in contrast to mouse ES cells, human ES cells differentiate if ERK1/2 is inhibited. We reexamined the role of ERK1/2 in human ES cells using a ...
Ay┼če Inhan-Garip - - 2010
The time-course of ELF-EMF application to biological systems is thought to be an important parameter determining the physiological outcome. This study investigated the effect of ELF-EMF on the differentiation of K562 cells at different time courses. ELF-EMF (50 Hz, 5 mT, 1 h) was applied at two different time-courses; first ...
Gandhi Roopali - - 2010
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) participates in the differentiation of mouse regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) and interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing helper T cells (T(H)17 cells), but its role in human T cell differentiation is unknown. We investigated the role of AhR in the differentiation of human induced T(reg) cells (iT(reg) ...
Panicker Sreejith P - - 2010
Tumorigenic potential of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells is, in part, attributable to their undifferentiated (neural stem cell-like) phenotype. Astrocytic differentiation of GBM cells is associated with transcriptional induction of Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) and repression of Nestin, whereas the reciprocal transcription program operates in undifferentiated GBM cells. The molecular ...
Honda Takeshi - - 2010
PDZRN3 is a member of the PDZ domain-containing RING finger family of proteins. We previously showed that PDZRN3 is essential for the differentiation of C2C12 mouse mesenchymal progenitor cells into myotubes. Mesenchymal progenitor cells differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes in addition to myotubes, and we have now examined the ...
Valero T - - 2010
The differentiation of neural cells is an important process during the development of the central nervous system. Studies on the mechanisms of the differentiation process is of special importance, e.g. in the field of regenerative medicine. In this contribution the cellular differentiation of gel matrix embedded neuronal cells was studied. ...
Altomare C - - 2010
Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs), migrating from heart tissue, in culture aggregate to form cardiospheres (CSs) in which replication and cardiogenic differentiation occur. However, the frequency of functional differentiation in CSs and the role of cell clustering in supporting it remain to be established. The aim of our study is to ...
Wan Leo Q - - 2010
During tissue morphogenesis, stem cells and progenitor cells migrate, proliferate, and differentiate, with striking changes in cell shape, size, and acting mechanical stresses. The local cellular function depends on the spatial distribution of cytokines as well as local mechanical microenvironments in which the cells reside. In this study, we controlled ...
Higuchi Yuichiro - - 2010
We previously reported that embryonic stem (ES) cells cultured on M15 cells, a mesoderm-derived supportive cell line, were efficiently differentiated towards an endodermal fate, finally adopting the specific lineages of various digestive organs such as the pancreas and liver. We show here that the endoderm-inducing activity of M15 cells is ...
Tabolacci Claudio - - 2010
AIMS: Aloe-emodin (AE), a natural hydroxyanthraquinone compound, has been reported as a potential anticancer agent. We studied the antineoplastic properties of AE on highly metastatic B16-F10 melanoma murine cells. MAIN METHODS: Cell proliferation was assessed by cell counting and viability was investigated using MTT and Trypan Bleu exclusion tests. As ...
Muñoz D - - 2010
The organophosphorothioate compound chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a widely used pesticide, which is known to inhibit the differentiation of mouse N2a neuroblastoma and rat C6 glioma cells. This study in focused on the possible effects of CPF in the activity and expression of tissue transglutaminase (TGase 2) in differentiating C6 cells. ...
Horie Masanobu - - 2010
Conventionally, embryonic stem (ES) cells are cultured on a cell layer of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) as feeder cells to support undifferentiated growth of ES cells. In this study, cell-cell interactions between mouse ES and feeder cells were artificially engineered via an epithelial cell adhesion molecule, E-cadherin, whose expression is ...
Giakoumopoulos Maria - - 2010
Studies of early placental development in humans are difficult because of limitations on experimental material availability from the perimplantation period. We used a coculture system to determine the effects of various effector cell types on trophoblast differentiation. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-expressing H1 human embryonic stem cells were used in ...
Miyazaki Tatsuya - - 2010
The present study was designed to investigate whether chondroitin sulfate (CS)-E, a CS structural isomer variant, alter the differentiation of macrophage cell line RAW264 cells to osteoclast-like cells. CS-B, CS-E, low molecular weight CS-E, synthetic chondroitin polysulfate (CPS) and heparin significantly inhibited the formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinuclear cells ...
Pewsey Emma E Academic Unit of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Sheffield, Level 4, The Jessop Wing, S10 2SF Sheffield, United - - 2010
The use of stem cells for generating cell types suitable for therapy is dependent on understanding the mechanisms, and identifying biomarkers, that control cell fate into different lineages. In this study, we aimed to characterize the nuclear protein dynamics of NTERA-2 cells undergoing retinoic acid-induced differentiation. We focused specifically on ...
Mudhasani Rajini - - 2010
Dicer is a cellular enzyme required for the processing of pre-miRNA molecules into mature miRNA, and Dicer and miRNA biogenesis have been found to play important roles in a variety of physiologic processes. Recently, reports of alterations in miRNA expression levels in cultured pre-adipogenic cell lines during differentiation and findings ...
Wang Hanguo - - 2010
Matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE) is an extracellular matrix protein that is mainly expressed in mineralizing tissues, including the dental pulp. The purposes of this study were to clarify the localization of MEPE in the tooth germ and to investigate the roles of MEPE in the differentiation of odontoblasts. The immunohistochemical ...
Ho Hoang-Yen - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are derived from early stage mammalian embryos and have broad developmental potential. These cells can be manipulated experimentally to generate cells of multiple tissue types which could be important in treating human diseases. The ability to produce relevant amounts of these differentiated cell populations creates the ...
Kim Sun-Ju - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It was recently reported that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) activity is related to stem cell differentiation; however, the involvement of HO-1 in pulp cell growth and differentiation has not been well explored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of HO-1 in the growth and differentiation of ...
Schulze H Georg - - 2010
Raman microspectroscopy is an attractive approach for chemical imaging of biological specimens, including live cells, without the need for chemi-selective stains. Using a microspectrometer, near-infrared Raman spectra throughout the range 663 cm(-1) to 1220 cm(-1) were obtained from colonies of CA1 human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and CA1 cells that ...
Kaichi Shinji - - 2010
Mouse and human fibroblasts can be directly reprogrammed to pluripotency by the ectopic expression of four transcription factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc) to yield induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. iPS cells can be generated even without the expression of c-Myc. The present study examined patterns of differentiation of mouse ...
Lizcano Fernando - - 2010
PPARgamma and pRB play an important role in the development of adipose cells, and functional modification of these proteins may lead to beneficial changes in adipose cell physiology. In the present work, we show that over-expression of EID1 (E1A-like inhibitor of differentiation), an inhibitor of muscle cell differentiation, reduces PPARgamma ...
Yamanaka Shinya - - 2010
The stable states of differentiated cells are now known to be controlled by dynamic mechanisms that can easily be perturbed. An adult cell can therefore be reprogrammed, altering its pattern of gene expression, and hence its fate, to that typical of another cell type. This has been shown by three ...
Ren Xiaohui - - 2010
The kidney is formed from two tissue populations derived from the intermediate mesoderm, the ureteric bud, and the metanephric mesenchyme. Metanephric mesenchyme is a pluripotent renal stem population, and conversion of renal mesenchyme into epithelia depends on the ureteric bud in vivo and in vitro. Embryonic stem (ES) cells have ...
Poholek Amanda C - - 2010
Follicular helper T (T(FH)) cells, defined by expression of the surface markers CXCR5 and programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) and synthesis of IL-21, require upregulation of the transcriptional repressor Bcl6 for their development and function in B cell maturation in germinal centers. We have explored the role of B cells and ...
Marini Francesca - - 2010
Although the role of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in calcium homeostasis of bone tissue is clear, evidence of the involvement of vitamin D3 in the central nervous system functions is increasing. In fact, vitamin D3 regulates vitamin D receptor and nerve growth factor expression, modulates brain development, and reverses experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. ...
Vong Queenie P - - 2010
Stem cell differentiation is accompanied by a gradual cellular morphogenesis and transcriptional changes. Identification of morphological regulators that control cell behavior during differentiation could shed light on how cell morphogenesis is coupled to transcriptional changes during development. By analyzing cellular behavior during differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), we ...
Wu Guizhu - - 2010
This study aimed to induce the differentiation of isolated and purified adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) into myoblasts, which may provide a new strategy for tissue engineering in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). ADSCs, isolated and cultured ex vivo, were identified by flow cytometry and induced to differentiate into myoblasts ...
Nunobe Souya - - 2010
There have been few reports of the dual differentiation of different cell types within the same gastric tumor. Here, we report a rare case of poorly differentiated endocrine cell carcinoma with an associated differentiated signet ring cell population arising in the stomach. The histological appearance of the tumor by light ...
van Vliet Patrick - - 2010
In the past years, cardiovascular progenitor cells have been isolated from the human heart and characterized. These cells can differentiate into cardiomyocytes, smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells and are therefore of great value for investigation of the mechanisms that drive progenitor cell function and plasticity, drug testing and, potentially, ...
Johansson Helena - - 2010
Somatic cell nuclear transfers and the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells provide potential routes towards non-immunogenic cell replacement therapies. Translationally controlled tumor protein (Tpt1) was recently suggested to regulate cellular pluripotency. Here we explore functions of Tpt1 in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. We find that Tpt1 is present ...
Odiatis C - - 2010
Mouse trophoblast stem (TS) cells represent a unique in vitro system that provides an unlimited supply of TS cells for the study of trophoblast differentiation and TS cell self-renewal. Although the mouse transcription factor Ets2 is required for TS cell self-renewal, its role in this and in TS cell differentiation ...
Rinkevich Yuval - - 2010
The colonial tunicate Botrylloides leachi can regenerate functional adults from minute vasculature fragments, in a poorly understood phenomenon termed Whole Body Regeneration (WBR). Using Piwi expression (Bl-Piwi), blood cell labeling and electron microscopy, we show that WBR develops through activation, mobilization and expansion of 'dormant' cells which normally line the ...
Jung Kyoung Hwa - - 2010
This study used human embryonic carcinoma (NCCIT) cells to evaluate genotoxicity and other effects of ethanol in earlier stages of cellular development. This undifferentiated pluripotent cell line has unlimited self-renewal capacity and has been shown to differentiate in vitro. We analyzed proteome expression profile of ethanol-treated NCCIT cells and NCCIT ...
Cerveny Kara L KL Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E6BT, - - 2010
It is currently unclear how intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms cooperate to control the progression from self-renewing to neurogenic divisions in retinal precursor cells. Here, we use the zebrafish flotte lotte (flo) mutant, which carries a mutation in the elys (ahctf1) gene, to study the relationship between cell cycle progression and ...
Bae Gyu-Un - - 2010
Cell-cell interactions between muscle precursors are required for myogenic differentiation; however, underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Promyogenic cell surface protein Cdo functions as a component of multiprotein complexes containing other cell adhesion molecules, Boc, Neogenin and N-cadherin, and mediates some of signals triggered by cell-cell interactions between muscle precursors. Cdo ...
Hong Dun - - 2010
Bone remodeling relies on a dynamic balance between bone formation and resorption, mediated by osteoblasts and osteoclasts, respectively. Under certain stimuli, osteoprogenitor cells may differentiate into premature osteoblasts and further into mature osteoblasts. This process is marked by increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralized nodule formation. In this study, ...
Itoh Ryota - - 2010
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) are bioactive lysophospholipids that affect various cellular processes through G protein-coupled receptors. In our current study, we found by in situ hybridization that E11.5 mouse embryos strongly expressed the LPA receptor subtype LPA(1) in cartilaginous bone primordia and the surrounding mesenchymal cells. However, despite ...
Loeb Marcia J - - 2010
Midgut stem cells of last instar larvae and pupae of Heliothis virescens, Lymantria dispar and several other Lepidopteran species have been cultured in vitro and have been induced to proliferate using low titers of ecdysteroids and the 77-Kda peptide fragment, alpha-arylphorin, isolated and identified from pupal fat body tissue. The ...
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