Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2334
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Yoo Dae Young - - 2010
A large aquatic herb, Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn, has psychopharmacological effects similar to minor tranquillizers and antistress agents. This study examined the effects of Nelumbo nucifera rhizome extracts (NRE) on cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) of a rat model of scopolamine-induced amnesia. Immunohistochemical markers included ...
Meng Xiaoting X School of Dentistry, Cardiff Institute of Tissue Engineering & Repair, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF14 4XY, - - 2011
Correct guidance of the migration of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is essential for the development and repair of the central nervous system (CNS). Electric field (EF)-guided migration, electrotaxis, has been observed in many cell types. We report here that, in applied EFs of physiological magnitude, embryonic and adult NPCs show ...
Barraud Perrine - - 2010
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are a unique class of glial cells with exceptional translational potential because of their ability to support axon regeneration in the central nervous system. Although OECs are similar in many ways to immature and nonmyelinating Schwann cells, and can myelinate large-diameter axons indistinguishably from myelination by ...
Leclair Amanda M - - 2011
Micropatterning glass substrates with a plasma-deposited fluoropolymer thin film was shown to be an efficient approach to manipulate cell positioning. The glass windows promoted cell adhesion, whereas the surrounding fluoropolymer displays a cell-repelling character. Herein, multiple micropatterned substrates were developed with pattern dimensions sufficient to host solely single-cells. These single-cell ...
Aizawa Takako - - 2011
Ependymomas often show characteristics similar to those of neural stem cells in vivo and in vitro. However, few ependymoma cell lines that exhibit neural stem cell-like properties have been reported. In this study, we have characterized a novel cell line, designated Vn19, established from ependymoma that arose in mice inoculated ...
Krinninger Patricia - - 2011
Infiltration of immune cells into adipose tissue plays a central role in the pathophysiology of obesity-associated low-grade inflammation. The aim of this study was to analyze the role of adipocyte NF-κB signaling in the regulation of the chemokine/adipokine interferon-γ-induced protein 10 kDa (IP-10) and adipocyte-mediated T cell migration. Therefore, the ...
Peng Tingsheng - - 2011
Therapeutic progress in well-differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS/DDLPS) is hampered by lack of relevant experimental models, thereby limiting comprehensive molecularly based investigations. Our goal is to bridge this experimental gap by establishing and characterizing an in vitro/in vivo model useful for examining WDLPS/DDLPS molecular pathogenesis and also therapeutic screening and testing. WDLPS/DDLPS ...
Rosa Alessandro - - 2010
In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Warren et al. (2010) describe a new methodology, using synthetic mRNA, for efficiently generating iPSCs without compromising genomic integrity. This powerful approach can also be used for directed differentiation of iPSCs, or even for trans-differentiation to generate clinically relevant differentiated cell types.
Jin Hong - - 2011
Cytotrophoblast cell differentiation into syncytiotrophoblast cells is a complex and delicate process, and the mechanism needs a large number of further studies. Knockout of 14-3-3τ expression and some further investigations were performed in the syncytiotrophoblast cell formation with RNA interference (RNAi) technology. The study found that the 14-3-3τ expression level ...
Akama Kuniko - - 2011
Understanding neurogenesis is valuable for the treatment of nervous system disorders. However, there is currently limited information about the molecular events associated with the transition from primate ES cells to neural cells. We therefore sought to identify the proteins involved in neurogenesis, from Macaca fascicularis ES cells (CMK6 cell line) ...
Hu Qirui - - 2010
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have been generated from a variety of somatic cell types via introduction of transcription factors that mediate pluripotency. However, it is unknown that all cell types can be reprogrammed and whether the origin of the parental cell ultimately determines the behavior of the resultant iPS ...
Kawabata Kenji - - 2010
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which are generated from somatic cells by transducing four genes, are expected to have broad application to regenerative medicine. Although establishment of an efficient gene transfer system for iPS cells is considered to be essential for differentiating them into functional cells, the detailed transduction characteristics ...
Saghiri Mohammad Ali - - 2010
Some techniques and instruments like stereomicroscopy and confocal microscopy used for observing neural cells are too complicated and dependent on preparation and cell fixation methods. This may question the results of these methods. Though, we have used scanning electron microscopy on replicated specimens to observe p19 neural cells and their ...
Giacomo Viviana di - - 2010
H9c2 are rat heart embryonic myoblasts, with skeletal muscle properties, which terminally differentiate by fusing and forming multinucleated myotubes. Here we investigated the possible involvement of Protein Kinases C (PKCs) in H9c2 cell differentiation and explored the interplay of these enzymes both with reactive oxygen species (ROS), upstream physiological mediators ...
Inoue Masumi - - 2010
The function of GABA in the adrenal medulla is still controversial. We will review experimental results in vivo and in vitro in adrenal chromaffin cells of various mammals to clarify what has been elucidated and what still remains to be settled.
Kwon Soon Il - - 2010
The vascular system of plants consists of two conducting tissues, xylem and phloem, which differentiate from procambium cells. Xylem serves as a transporting system for water and signaling molecules and is formed by sequential developmental processes, including cell division/expansion, secondary cell wall deposition, vacuole collapse and programmed cell death (PCD). ...
Wang Yanli - - 2010
Nanotechnology has gained massive applications in the fields of biology and pharmacology. Recently, more research attention has been paid to explore the interaction between nanoparticles (NPs) and cells, in particular, the entry of NPs into cells. Herein, we focus on the internalization of the FITC-labeled silica-coated titania NPs (FITC-TiO2@SiO2 NPs) ...
Ehrhart-Bornstein Monika - - 2010
Chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla are neural crest-derived cells of the sympathoadrenal lineage. Different lines of evidence suggest the existence of a subpopulation of proliferation-competent progenitor cells even in the adult state. The identification of sympathoadrenal progenitors in the adrenal would greatly enhance the understanding of adrenal physiology and ...
Díaz-Prado Silvia - - 2010
The human amniotic membrane (HAM) contains two cell types from different embryological origins. Human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) are derived from the embryonic ectoderm, while human amnion mesenchymal stromal cells (hAMSCs) are derived from the embryonic mesoderm. In this study, we localized, isolated, quantified and phenotypically characterized HAM-derived cells and ...
Jolly Amber L - - 2010
There are well known examples in nature of microtubules dramatically changing their function by re-organizing their structure. Most interphase animal cells rely on the radial organization of the microtubule network for precise cargo delivery. Dividing cells re-organize microtubules with the help of motor proteins to form the spindle and drive ...
Yoshida Yoshinori Y Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. - - 2011
For the treatment of heart failure, a new strategy to improve cardiac function and inhibit cardiac remodeling needs to be established. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are pluripotent cells that can differentiate into cell types from all three germ layers both in vitro and in ...
Racila D - - 2011
In this study, we describe a simple system in which human keratinocytes can be redirected to an alternative differentiation pathway. We transiently transfected freshly isolated human skin keratinocytes with the single transcription factor OCT4. Within 2 days these cells displayed expression of endogenous embryonic genes and showed reduced genomic methylation. ...
Nibau Candida - - 2011
Arabidopsis thaliana superman (SUP) plays an important role during flower development by maintaining the boundary between stamens and carpels in the inner two whorls. It was proposed that SUP maintains this boundary by regulating cell proliferation in both whorls, as loss-of-function superman mutants produce more stamens at the expense of ...
Hammerick Kyle E - - 2011
The recent technique of transducing key transcription factors into unipotent cells (fibroblasts) to generate pluripotent stem cells (induced pluripotent stem cells [iPSCs]) has significantly changed the stem cell field. These cells have great promise for many clinical applications, including that of regenerative medicine. Our findings show that iPSCs can be ...
Xiao Lei - - 2010
Obesity has become a major health concern due to its strong association with the metabolic syndrome. Inhibition of adipocyte differentiation represents a key strategy to inhibit obesity. Sibiraea angustata (SA), a traditional Chinese herb, has a wide range of pharmacological effects, such as improving digestive functions. Here, we report a ...
Mansuy Virginie - - 2011
GnRH neurons provide the primary driving force upon the neuroendocrine reproductive axis. Here we used GnV-3 cells, a model of conditionally immortalized GnRH-expressing neurons, to perform an analysis of cell cycle and compare the gene expression profile of proliferating cells with differentiated cells. In the proliferation medium, 45 ± 1.5% ...
Zhang Fan - - 2011
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a cytokine secreted primarily by T(H)-17 cells that can stimulate the development of osteoclasts (osteoclastogenesis) in the presence of osteoblasts. IL-17, through osteoblasts, has indirect effects on the expression of bone resorption-related enzymes in osteoclasts, which have not been well clarified. Here, using MC3T3-E1 cells and RAW264.7 ...
Nakura Akio - - 2011
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays an essential role in cellular signal transduction for mediating a variety of biological functions. There are 11 PKC isoforms and these isoforms are believed to play distinct roles in cells. Although the role of individual isoforms of PKC has been investigated in many fields, little ...
Pickard Adam - - 2010
Although the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) functions as a checkpoint in the cell cycle, it also regulates differentiation. It has recently been shown that Rb is acetylated during differentiation; however, the role of this modification has not been identified. Depletion of Rb levels with short hairpin RNA resulted in inhibition of ...
Yue Wei - - 2010
Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) and most hematopoietic cells express platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), which is the cell surface protein also expressed in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. To better understand how PECAM-1(+) ES cells differentiate into PECAM-1(+) hematopoietic cells/ECs, 3 cell surface markers, PECAM-1, stage-specific embryonic antigen-1 (SSEA-1), ...
Huang Chien-Ling - - 2010
A variety of signaling networks are implicated in the control of mesoderm differentiation. Previous studies demonstrated that Disabled-2 (DAB2) is a multifunctional protein involved in growth factor signaling and embryonic development. In this study, we investigated DAB2 expression and function during in vitro mesoderm differentiation of murine embryonic stem cells ...
Nieto Paula S - - 2010
The rat retinal ganglion cell (RGC) line RGC-5 constitutes a widely used model for studying physiological processes in retinal cells. In this paper we investigated the expression of clock and immediately early genes, and calcium mediated responses to physiological stimuli in differentiated and mitotically active RGC-5 cells. To this end, ...
Warren Luigi - - 2010
Clinical application of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) is limited by the low efficiency of iPSC derivation and the fact that most protocols modify the genome to effect cellular reprogramming. Moreover, safe and effective means of directing the fate of patient-specific iPSCs toward clinically useful cell types are lacking. Here ...
Gao Yuan - - 2011
The current study demonstrates vanadium plays the role of antitumor, and its antitumor effect is dosage-dependent. N-acetyl-galactosamine-transferase 2 (polypeptide: N-acetyl-α-galactosaminyl-transferases 2, ppGalNAc-T2) is a member of ppGalNAcTs (polypeptide: N-acetyl-α-galactosaminyl-transferases) family, which proves to play a vital role in the tumor emergence and development process. In this study, we focused on ...
So Kyoung Ha - - 2011
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells allow derivation of autologous differentiated cells for cell therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the cardiac differentiation potential of mouse iPS cells with embryonic stem (ES) cells and demonstrate that they could produce functional cardiomyocytes. iPS cells were prepared from mouse embryonic ...
Rubtsov Yuri P YP Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Immunology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, - - 2010
Tissue maintenance and homeostasis can be achieved through the replacement of dying cells by differentiating precursors or self-renewal of terminally differentiated cells or relies heavily on cellular longevity in poorly regenerating tissues. Regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) represent an actively dividing cell population with critical function in suppression of lethal ...
Sakai Yusuke - - 2011
The proliferation and differentiation properties of embryoid bodies (EB) from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells were compared under two microchip conditions: microwell chip and micropatterned chip. The microwell chip contained 270 microwells (diameter, 600 μm; depth, 600 μm) on a polymethylmethacrylate plate and was surface-modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG) to ...
Nobusue Hiroyuki - - 2010
We examined the effects of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on in vitro proliferation and differentiation of a porcine preadipocyte cell line, DFAT-P, and a mouse preadipocyte cell line, 3T3-L1. During the proliferation and differentiation phases, DFAT-P and 3T3-L1 cells expressed only the endothelial differentiation gene (EDG)-2 receptor and not EDG-4 and ...
Takenobu H - - 2011
CD133 (prominin-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on the surface of normal and cancer stem cells (tumor-initiating cells), progenitor cells, rod photoreceptor cells and a variety of epithelial cells. Although CD133 is widely used as a marker of various somatic and putative cancer stem cells, its contribution to the fundamental ...
Lea Michael A - - 2010
We observed previously that quercetin can increase the activity of the differentiation markers alkaline phosphatase and dipeptidyl peptidase in Caco-2 colon cancer cells. In the present work, we compared the effects of quercetin on cell proliferation and differentiation with the action of related flavonols and quercetin glycosides. Relative to the ...
Bizzarro Valentina - - 2010
Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is a calcium- and phospholipid-binding protein involved in a broad range of cellular events. This study used molecular and microscopy approaches to explore the role of ANXA1 in mouse myoblast C2C12 cell differentiation. We report that ANXA1 expression increases during differentiation and that the down-regulation of ANXA1 ...
Li Yan - - 2010
Malignant gliomas persist as a major disease of morbidity and mortality in adult. Differentiation therapy has emerged as a promising candidate modality. However, the mechanism related is unknown. Here, we show that glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is highly expressed and activated during the cholera toxin-induced differentiation in sensitive C6 and ...
Nayak Satyaprakash - - 2010
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) synergistically promotes all trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced differentiation of PML-RARalpha negative HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells. In PML-RARalpha positive myeloid leukemia cells, ATO is known to cause degradation of PML-RARalpha with subsequent induced myeloid differentiation. We found that ATO by itself does not cause differentiation of the PML-RARalpha ...
Marcantonio Pamela - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess whether exposure to a sinusoidal extremely low frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF; 50 Hz, 1 mT) can affect proliferation and differentiation in the human neuroblastoma cell line BE(2)C, which is representative of high risk neuroblastomas. Cells were subjected to ELF-MF exposure in ...
Naujok Ortwin - - 2010
Pluripotent cell lines such as embryonic stem cells are an attractive source for a potential cell replacement therapy. However, transplantation of differentiated cells harbors the risk of teratoma formation, presenting a serious health risk. To overcome this obstacle, a negative selection system was established that permits selective removal of undifferentiated ...
Ng Y-H - - 2010
B cells are recognized as effector cells in allograft rejection that are dependent upon T cell help to produce alloantibodies causing graft injury. It is not known if B cells can also help T cells differentiate into memory cells in the alloimmune response. We found that in B-cell-deficient hosts, differentiation ...
Mortier Laurent - - 2010
Please cite this paper as: Human umbilical cord blood cells form epidermis in the skin equivalent model. Experimental Dermatology 2010. Abstract: Recently, human embryonic stem cells have been differentiated in vitro into functional epidermal keratinocytes. Here, we demonstrated that these cells can be generated also from non-embryonic, human umbilical cord ...
Mortier Laurent - - 2010
Recently, human embryonic stem cells have been differentiated in vitro into functional epidermal keratinocytes. Here, we demonstrated that these cells can be generated also from non-embryonic, human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) cells that have the potential to differentiate into cells of non-hematopoietic lineage. Human UCB mono-nucleated cells were cultivated in ...
Nishimura Yusuke - - 2010
Motile cilia play crucial roles in the maintenance of homeostasis in vivo. Defects in the biosynthesis of cilia cause immotile cilia syndrome, also known as primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), which is associated with a variety of complex diseases. In this study, we found that inhibitory Smad proteins, Smad7 and Smad6, ...
Díaz-Prado Silvia - - 2010
Introduction: The human amniotic membrane is a highly abundant and readily available tissue that may be useful for regenerative medicine and cell therapy. Aim: To compare two previously published protocols for the isolation of human amnion mesenchymal stromal cells (hAMSCs), including their phenotypic characterization and in vitro potential for differentiation ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >